Register of the World War II subject collection, 1939-2004

Processed by Linda Bernard; machine-readable finding aid created by Hernán Cortés
Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford University
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Phone: (650) 723-3563
Fax: (650) 725-3445
Email: archives@hoover.stanford.edu
© 1998
Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Register of the World War II subject collection, 1939-2004

Hoover Institution Archives



Stanford University

Stanford, California

Contact Information

  • Hoover Institution Archives
  • Stanford University
  • Stanford, California 94305-6010
  • Phone: (650) 723-3563
  • Fax: (650) 725-3445
  • Email: archives@hoover.stanford.edu
Processed by:
Linda Bernard
Date Revised:
1995
Encoded by:
Hernán Cortés
© 1998 Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Collection Summary

Title: World War II subject collection,
Date (inclusive): 1939-2004
Collection number: XX740
Collection Size: 93 manuscript boxes, 3 card file boxes, 3 oversize boxes, 1 oversize folder, 10 videotape cassettes, 2 phonorecords, memorabilia. (38.5 linear feet)
Repository: Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Abstract: Leaflets, pamphlets, proclamations, clippings, propaganda, manuals, other printed matter, letters, reports, memoranda, maps, memorabilia, and miscellany, relating to military operations and home front conditions in many countries during World War II, including material on military occupations, prisoners of war, and forced labor. Also includes material on resistance movements in various countries, especially France. Sound use copies of sound recordings available.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Language: In various languages.

Administrative Information

Access

Collection is open for research.
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], World War II subject collection, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives. An increment was added in 2011.

Accruals

Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Scope and Content of Collection

Leaflets, pamphlets, proclamations, clippings, propaganda, manuals, other printed matter, letters, reports, memoranda, maps, memorabilia, and miscellany, relating to military operations and home front conditions in many countries during World War II, including material on military occupations, prisoners of war, and forced labor. Also includes material on resistance movements in various countries, especially France. Sound use copies of sound recordings available.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Prisoners of war.
World War, 1939-1945.
World War, 1939-1945--Conscript labor.
World War, 1939-1945--Occupied territories.
World War, 1939-1945--Prisoners and prisons.
World War, 1939-1945--Underground movements.
World War, 1939-1945--France.
Phonorecords.
Video tapes.


Collection Contents

Boxes 1-57

Subject File, 1936-1994.

Scope and Content Note

Biographical notes, broadsides, brochures, bulletins, cartoons, correspondence, diaries, flyers, forms, handbooks, identification papers, instructions, leaflets, lists, manuals, maps, memoirs, memoranda, newsletters, official documents, orders, pamphlets, photographs, postcards, posters, press releases, proclamations, propaganda, ration cards, regulations, reports, rosters, serial issues, studies, underground literature, writings, clippings and other printed matter, and miscellany, arranged alphabetically by country and then by subject or physical form
 

General

Box 49

Censorship. Envelopes opened by the censor addressed to the Hoover Library, Stanford, California, 1939-1945

Box 46

Churches. Pamphlets, n.d., relating to the attitude of the Churches vis-a-vis fascism and nazism

Box 47

Civilian relief. Pamphlet issued by the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration, entitled UNRRA: Organization, Aims and Progress, 1944

Box 57

Commemorations. Programs, booklets, pamphlets, brochures, serial issues, and memorabilia, 1994, relating to the commemorations of the fiftieth anniversaries of the D-Day landings in Normandy and of the Battle of the Bulge

Box 48

Diplomatic history

 

Origins of the war. Pamphlets, 1940-1955, relating to the origins of the war. Includes a compilation of documents from the period 1937-1938. In English and Polish

Box 46

Conferences. Proceedings of the Round Table Conference "Germany's Thirty Years' War" held at the Savoy Hotel, London, 1942 December 18

Box 48

Governments-in-exile. Pamphlet by Edward Puacz, 1943, relating to various exiled governments; and pamphlets issued by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 1942-1943, relating to European governments-in-exile

Box 46

Jews. Pamphlets

 

General. Justice for the Jews and The Jews in the Family of Nations, 1943

Box 53

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, 1941-1943

 

World Jewish Congress, 1943-1944

Box 48

Military operations. Chart of operations in the European Theater, 1945

Box 1-4, 45, 50-52

Propaganda

 

Allied

 

General. Pamphlets, leaflets, and reports, 1939-1945, in a variety of languages, distributed by the Allied Forces in Europe, Asia, and the Arab world

Box 4

French propaganda leaflets (in German), including a pamphlet by Hermann Rauschning denouncing Hitler; and British air raid leaflets (in English, French and German) dropped by the R.A.F., as well as other leaflets relating to the paper salvage campaign in Great Britain

Box 47

American pamphlet issued by the U.S. Office of War Information entitled Modern Leaflet Bombing, 1945

Box 43

Printing plate used for leaflets dropped on Japanese cities several days ahead of bombing, advising citizens to evacuate

Box 5-6

Axis

 

General. Mostly German propaganda, in various languages, 1939-1945, distributed in Europe and Asia. Includes one issue of Front und Heimat (German soldier's newspaper), 1945 April

Box 48

Pamphlets issued by the German authorities in Poland, 1940-1942. In Polish

Box 6

Leaflet distributed after the Japanese Army landed in Indonesia in March 1942. In Chinese

Box 53

Reconstruction

 

General. Pamphlets, brochures, and speeches, including on world organization and world peace, 1942-1945. Includes Richard N. Coudenhove-Kalergi, "Peace Aims as War Weapons," 1942; Martha Jelenko, Post-War Reconstruction: Major Programs and Opinions, 1943; Wm. Reitmann, Lasting World Peace and Total World-Disarmament on a Divine-Angelic Basis, 1945. Also includes a report by the Women's Employment Federation on postwar opportunities for women, 1944

 

Europe. Clippings, 1955-1957, by Paul van Zeeland and others relating to his activities to secure European peace and union. Includes a typescript, n.d., on his wartime activities, and the book jacket for Paul van Zeeland au service de son temps

 

Refugees. Williams, Pierce, "Preliminary Summary of Report on Refugees and Displaced Persons: An Urgent United Nations Problem, " 1946

Box 46

Trade unions. Pamphlet published by the Mutual Defense League, 1943, containing a speech and articles by Isidore Nagler relating to the role of labor in the struggle against fascism and the problems facing the international trade union movement

Box 1, 44

Miscellany

 

General. Pamphlets, leaflets, ordinances, and other printed matter, 1941-1948, relating to various aspects of World War II and its aftermath, and reports (in German and in English), 1942-1944, relating mainly to resistance activities in German-occupied Europe

Box 46

Anti-fascist poem by Eolo Montevideo, 1944. In Spanish

 

Austria. Pamphlet published by Freiheit fur Osterreich, n.d., entitled Austria's Freedom Front: Manifesto of the Austrian Underground Movement

Box 6-7

Balkan Peninsula. Studies, reports, handbooks, maps, photographs, diagrams, and printed matter, 1941-1944, relating to the political, economic, social, and military conditions in the Balkans (Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, and Yugoslavia) and to the location of strategic power plants and industries in Yugoslavia. Includes two intelligence reports on the Cetnik and partisan resistance movements in Yugoslavia prepared for the Allied Military headquarters, Balkans, and one folder of photocopies of underground literature (in Slovenian and Serbo-Croatian), 1942-1943, relating to resistance activities in Yugoslavia during World War II

Box 46

Belgium

 

General. Pamphlet issued by the Belgian Information Center, n.d., relating to the escape of two Belgian air officers to Great Britain by airplane, and to conditions in Belgium

Box 7-8

Underground movements

 

1939-1945. Leaflets, posters, proclamations, press releases, underground literature, writings, and clippings, 1939-1945. In French, Flemish and English

Box 8

1942-1945. Proclamations and miscellany, 1942-1945, relating to the resistance movement in German-occupied Belgium during World War II, and to the entry of Allied troops into Brussels in September 1944. In French, Flemish and German

Box 45

Burma

 

Burma Campaign. Japanese account. In Japanese

Box 48

Burma Road. Pamphlet, 1945, relating to the Burma Road through the China-Burma-India Theater

Box 46

Czechoslovakia

 

General. Pamphlet issued by Inter-Allied Publications, 1943, entitled Unknown Country: The Story of Czechoslovakia

Box 8

Underground movements. Two leaflets (mimeographed in Czech) issued by the resistance movement in German-occupied Czechoslovakia, 1945; and a translation (printed) of a clandestine Czech resistance pamphlet, ca. 1944, entitled Svejk in the Protectorate

 

Denmark

 

General. Leaflets relating to the resistance movement in German-occupied Denmark during World War II, and to the postwar reconstruction of Denmark

Box 53

Conditions. Issues of The Danish Listening Post put out by the National America Denmark Association, 1942 May-1944 May

Box 8, 46

France

 

General. Pamphlets, leaflets, serial issues, and miscellany, 1942-1946. Includes both pro-Vichy and pro-resistance propaganda, blank forms for travel permit requests used in German-occupied France, and a few postwar political items. In French and German

Box 9

Refugees. Correspondence and memoranda, 1943-1944, relating to the transportation of Spanish refugees in the vicinity of Toulouse to Germany for forced labor

Box 9-19

Resistance. Underground materials, 1940-1945, including memoranda, instructions, orders, reports, letters, maps, charts, clandestine newspapers, bulletins, and leaflets, distributed by various resistance groups. In French. Boxes 17-19 contain duplicates

Box 19

Germany

 

General. Pamphlets, leaflets, serial issues, maps, manuals, and bulletins, 1934-1950, relating to Germany's participation in World War II and to its postwar status. Includes a few prewar items relating to German fascism. In German

 

Administration of justice. Miscellaneous lists, notes, and statistics, relating to the administration of justice by German occupation authorities in the Netherlands during World War II. In German and Dutch

Box 46

Armed Forces

 

General. Handbook, n.d., describing the economic status and rights of the German soldier

Box 22

Soldier's diary. Holograph diary of an unidentified German soldier, 1944 May-September

Box 54

Conditions

 

General. Issues of News Flashes from Germany, 1940 May-1941 June

Box 19

Extracts from letters, 1940, written by an unidentified anti-Nazi German

Box 46

Pamphlet by Erik Erikson, n.d., entitled Herrn Thomas Mann, relating to Thomas Mann and conditions in Germany during the war

Box 20-22

Forced labor. Reports, memoranda, regulations, and miscellany, 1936-1945, relating to the importation and supervision of foreign workers in Germany during World War II. Includes some miscellaneous material relating to the structure of the Hitlerjugend and other Nazi organizations, and to Nazi racial ideology and historical and cultural outlook. In German. See also Oversize Hitler Youth heirarchy diagram in map case.

Box 48

Foreign policy. Pamphlet, 1942, relating to German foreign policy from Otto von Bismarck to Adolf Hitler

Box 22

Prisoners of war. Photocopy of a typescript memoir, 1946, authored by an unidentified German prisoner of war. Relates to conditions of imprisonment of German prisoners of war in Russia during World War II

Box 48

Rearmament. Pamphlet, 1942, relating to Germany's secret air rearmament from 1919 to 1933

Box 53

Reconstruction. Pamphlets, 1945, relating to prospects for democracy in postwar Germany, and to industrial disarmament of aggressor states

Box 48

Resistance

 

General. Flyers, n.d., and pamphlets, 1944, relating to resistance among the German people

Box 46

National Committee "Free Germany." Pamphlet by Siegbert Kahn, n.d., relating to the Committee's activities, particularly its radio broadcasts to the German people

Box 22

Rote Kapelle. Biographical notes relating to members of the German anti-Nazi resistance movement

Box 48

War crimes

 

General. Pamphlets, correspondence, and clippings, 1941-1944, relating to war crimes committed in various German-occupied European countries and to Allied demands for reparations. In English and Polish

Box 46

Nuremberg Trial. Pamphlet by Stephen Gorski, 1946, relating to German war crimes and the Nuremberg Trial

Box 23-33

Great Britain

 

General. Pamphlets, serial issues, leaflets, bulletins, newsletters, maps, and posters, 1938-1946, relating to British politics, conditions in Great Britain during World War II, war aims, civil defense, the wartime economy, and postwar reconstruction. Includes issuances of various groups in Great Britain during the war

Box 46

Armed Forces. Brochure, n.d., relating to coastal defense operations by the British Air Force. In Portuguese

 

Civil defense. Manual, 1942, entitled We Shall Fight in the Streets! Guide to Street Fighting

Box 47

Prisoners of war. Pamphlet issued by the Allied Forces 21st Army Group entitled Guidance in Making Arrangements for Liberated British Prisoners of War, 1945?

Box 54

Greece

 

General. The American Friends of Greece, Greece 1821-1941, 1941

 

Conditions. Issues of the Greek War Relief Newsletter, put out by the Greek War Relief Association, 1942 May-1946 July

Box 48

German occupation. Pamphlet, 1942, relating to war crimes committed in Greece by Germany, Italy, and Bulgaria

Box 34

Resistance. Leaflets and pamphlets, 1941-1946, relating to the Greek resistance movement

 

Hungary. Holograph diary of an unidentified Hungarian soldier, 1945. In Hungarian

Box 54

Italy

 

General. In Italian and English. Includes George A. Tesoro, The Bankruptcy of Fascist Economy through the Eyes of Italian Economists, 1943

 

Conditions. Issues of Facts from Italy, put out by the Committee for a Democratic Foreign Policy, 1944 February-August

Box 34

Simoni, Simone. Clippings from Italian newspapers, 1944, relating to the execution of S. Simoni, Italian Army General, by German occupation troops in Italy

Box 46

Underground movements

 

Issue of Cronache della regione Lombardia, 1974 September-October, relating to underground movements in Lombardy. In Italian

 

Four leaflets, 1944, urging Italians and Romans in particular to rise against fascism and the German occupation. In Italian

Box 43

Japan

 

Armed Forces. Daily duty roster for some unidentified Japanese garrison quartered in an unknown location. Entries run from February 1 to 16

Box 34

Diplomatic history. Printed translation of the Japanese declaration of war on the U.S. and Great Britain, 1941 December 8

 

Press. Translations of articles from Japanese newspapers relating to world political, military, and diplomatic affairs during the first years of World War II

 

Prisoners and prisons. Proclamation, 1942, issued by Japanese naval officials and relating to regulations for civilian prisoners of war captured at Wake Island and being transported from the island on Japanese naval vessels

Box 54

Latin America. Mainly pro-Allied propaganda, especially from Mexico, ca. 1939-1942. In Spanish

Box 34

Netherlands

 

General

 

Miscellaneous memorabilia, satirical postcards, proclamations, and press clippings, 1942-1945, relating to the course of World War II in the Netherlands, including the German occupation, Allied propaganda, Dutch press coverage of the war, the liberation of Amsterdam on May 5, 1945, and photocopies of Dutch underground literature (in Dutch), 1942-1943

Box 54

Ration cards

Box 34

Forced labor. Three letters, 1942, from Dutch workers transported to Germany for forced labor, relating to working conditions in Germany

 

German occupation

 

General. Proclamations, identification cards, registration forms and miscellany, issued by the German occupation autorities in the Netherlands, 1940-1945, relating to regulations of the Dutch civilian population during World War II. In Dutch and German

 

Administration of justice. See Germany

 

Liberation. Proclamations issued by the Dutch and Allied military authorities, relating to the entry of Allied troops into the Netherlands in 1945

 

Prisoners of war. Summaries of reports relating to the transportation of 2000 Dutch officers from the Netherlands to a prison camp in Germany in May 1942, and to living conditions in the camp. In Dutch

 

Underground movements. Flyers, leaflets, proclamations, and newsletters, 1944-1945. In Dutch

 

Norway

 

General. Photocopies of letters to the editor of the San Francisco News, 1939-1943, written by William Moler-Loswick and relating mainly to Norway during World War II

 

Underground movements. Propaganda leaflets, ca. 1940-1945, distributed by the resistance movement in German-occupied Norway during World War II. In German and Norwegian

Box 35

Philippines. Photostats of reports, memoranda, letters, orders, n.d., pertaining to the guerrilla warfare of Chinese volunteers in the Philippines against the Japanese during World War II. In English and Chinese

Box 36

Poland

 

General. Clippings, 1942-1943, from American daily newspapers and from Yiddish newspapers in the U.S., Canada, Mexico, Argentina, Uruguay and South Africa, relating to German atrocities in occupied Poland, persecution and extermination of Jews, activities of Polish emigre groups, and the case of Victor Alter and Henryk Erlich. In English and Yiddish

Box 54

Army. Leaflets urging Poles in the Soviet Union to join the Anders Army, December 1941

Box 48

German occupation. Pamphlets, 1940-1944, relating to conditions in occupied Poland, German atrocities, the persecution and extermination of Jews, the Polish underground army and various resistance groups, and the Warsaw Uprising

Box 37

Underground movements. Proclamations, underground literature, other printed matter, and charts, 1939-1944, relating to events and conditions in German-occupied Poland, especially to Polish resistance movements. In English, Polish and German

Box 44

Romania. One book, 1945, illustrated with photographs depicting the air battle of Ploesti, 1944 April 5 -August 19

Box 37

Soviet Union

 

German occupation

 

General. Proclamations, 1941, relating to regulations imposed upon the civilian population by the German occupation authorities. In German, Russian and Ukrainian

Box 48

Ukraine. Pamphlet, 1984, relating to the invasion, occupation, and ultimate liberation of Ukraine in 1944

Box 44

Resistance. Anti-Nazi cartoons by various Soviet artists. Captions in Russian and English

Box 46

Spain. Printed statement by Oscar Lange, Polish ambassador and delegate for Poland to the United Nations Security Council, at the meeting of the Security Council in New York, 1946 April 17?

Box 54-56

United States

 

General. Pamphlets and newsletters, 1940-1946, relating to economic and social conditions in the United States and to the American government. Includes proceedings of the Eighth Pan American Child Congress, Washington, D.C., 1942 May 2-9

Box 56

African-Americans. Pamphlets, conference proceedings, and newsletters, 1943-1946. Includes issuances of the Congress of Racial Equality and the National Urban League

Box 39-41, 46

Armed Forces

 

General. Printed matter, 1941-1945, including manuals and guidebooks issued by the U.S. Army and Navy, and pamphlets and guide books relating to the U.S. Armed Forces issued by commercial publishers during World War II. Includes manuals, handbooks, and regulations issued by the War Department, 1941-1942; and a report, n.d., on radar capabilities released by the joint Board on Scientific Information Policy

Box 48

Air Force. Booklet, 1943, entitled Target Germany: The Army Air Forces' Official Story of the VIII Bomber Command's First Year Over Europe; and booklet, 1991, relating to the Air Force's report on the special bombing missions over Japan, 1945 July 20 -August 14. In English and Japanese

Box 43

Navy. Communications and printed matter, 1944-1945, relating to the end of World War II in the Pacific. Includes an admission ticket to the San Francisco plenary session of the United Nations Conference on World Organization

Box 46

Foreign-born Americans. Pamphlet reprinting two speeches delivered at the Tenth Anniversary National Conference of the American Committee for Protection of Foreign Born, New York, 1943 October 30-31, relating to the contribution of foreign-born Americans to the war effort; and a pamphlet, n.d., relating to Americans of German descent

Box 56

Foreign policy

 

General. Speech by Ernest W. Gibson, "Should Our Ships Convoy Arms to Britain?" 1941 April 7

Box 42, 56

Neutrality. Speeches and leaflets, 1940-1942, relating to American neutrality. Includes a broadside, 1941, reproducing a leaflet (printed), mailed by B. K. Wheeler, U.S. Senator from Montana, urging U.S. neutrality in World War II, and letters (typewritten) in reply from two soldiers who received copies of the leaflet; and a speech by Robert S. Field

Box 56

Postwar period. Pamphlets, 1944-46, relating to plans for postwar economic conversion and social adjustment

Box 42

Prisoner of war camps. Reports, press releases, lists, and miscellany, 1943-1944, relating to conditions in prisoner of war camps in the U.S. during World War II and to the exchange of U.S. and Axis civilian nationals in captivity

Box 38, 44

Miscellany, 1941-1946, relating to U.S. military activities and civil defense during World War II, including manuals, servicemen's newspaper issues, bulletins, newsletters, leaflets, letters to and from American soldiers, and a mimeographed transcript of an NBC television program, The Decision to Drop the Bomb, 1965

Box 42

Yugoslavia. Mimeographed typescript of the agreement, 1945, between the Yugoslav Government and the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration, relating to the provision of civilian relief in Yugoslavia at the end of World War II

Map case

Oversize File, ca. 1939-1945.

Scope and Content Note

Charts, maps, and photocopies of instruments of surrender
Map case

Hitler Youth heirarchy diagram (originally housed in box 22)

Map case

62 colored charts and maps, issued by the Comite d'Histoire de la 2eme Guerre Mondiale, concerning occupied France and illustrating the suffering of people and the actions of the resistance groups in France

Map case

Photocopies of the instrument of surrender of Japan to the Allied Powers, 1945 September 2

Map case

18 maps outlining Allied and Axis positions in various parts of the world, mainly in Western Europe in 1944. Includes a few post-war maps

Memorabilia cabinet

Memorabilia, ca. 1939-1945.

Scope and Content Note

Military insignia, pair of horse's spectacles, pin, and office stamp
Memorabilia cabinet

Japanese military insignia for the ranks of major general, colonel, lieutenant colonel and major in the Japanese Army

Memorabilia cabinet

Pair of horse's spectacles, made in Luettringhausen concentration camp near Remscheid, Germany, by inmates in solitary confinement, during World War II. These spectacles were evidently used by General Rommel's horses in his North Africa offensive

Memorabilia cabinet

1 pin and 1 office stamp from the Nazi occupation government of Norway

Record cabinet

Audio-Visual File 1944

Scope and Content Note

Sound recordings (phonorecords) relating to the attack on Pearl Harbor, and to the Burma Road
Record cabinet

Sound recording of the Burma Road radio news broadcast, 1944, relating to the reopening of the Burma Road

Record cabinet

Sound recording of interviews with Americans in various parts of the U.S. on the evening war with Japan was declared, 1941 December 8, relating to the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. Includes transcript

Access Information

Use copy reference number: xx740_a_0002800
Boxes: 58-93

Incremental Materials

Scope and Content Note

This addition to the collection has not yet been described. Please let the Hoover Institution Archives know if you would like to see this material described. Contact us at hooverarchivesinfo@stanford.edu