The Mission Era: California Under Spain and Mexico and Reminiscences, ca. 1850-1878

Processed by Chris McDonald.
The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, California 94720-6000
1997

The Mission Era: California Under Spain and Mexico and Reminiscences, ca. 1850-1878

BANC PIC 19xx.039--ALB

The Bancroft Library



University of California

Berkeley, California 1997
Finding aid and digital representations of archival materials funded in part by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities.
    Processed and encoded by:
    California Heritage Digital Image Access Project staff in The Bancroft Library and The Library's Electronic Text Unit
    Digital images processed by:
    The Library Photographic Service
    Finding aid completed:
    February 1997
© 1997 The Regents of the University of California

Collection Summary

Collection Title: The Mission Era: California Under Spain and Mexico and Reminiscences
Collection Number: BANC PIC 19xx.039--ALB
Extent: 49 water-colored drawings, various sizes; 4 albumen prints, various sizes; 2 title leaves; 1 index; all on 53 mounts, 24.7 x 34.3 cm. 51 digital objects
Artist: Edward Vischer
Repository: The Bancroft Library. University of California, Berkeley.
Berkeley, California 94720-6000
Languages Represented: English

Information for Researchers

Access

Restricted originals. Use viewing prints only: Shelved as BANC PIC 19xx.039--PIC. Use of originals only by permission of the Curator of Pictorial Collections, The Bancroft Library.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to The Bancroft Library. All requests for permission to publish photographs must be submitted in writing to the Curator of Pictorial Collections. Permission for publication is given on behalf of The Bancroft Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.
Copyright restrictions also apply to digital representations of the original materials. Use of digital files is restricted to research and educational purposes.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], The Mission Era: California Under Spain and Mexico and Reminiscences, BANC PIC 19xx.039--ALB, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

Digital Representations Available

Digital representations of selected original pictorial materials are available in the list of materials below. Digital image files were prepared from selected Library originals by the Library Photographic Service. Library originals were copied onto 35mm color transparency film; the film was scanned and transferred to Kodak Photo CD (by Custom Process); and the Photo CD files were color-corrected and saved in JFIF (JPEG) format for use as viewing files.

Related Collections

The following list represents a selection of the material held by The Bancroft Library related to Edward Vischer. For additional holdings, please refer to the on-line catalog.
Identifier/Call Number: BANC PIC 1905.00004--C:
Title: San Francisco from the Bay
Identifier/Call Number: F860.V5.O22:
Title: The Vischer Family Papers : A Descriptive Catalog
Identifier/Call Number: xf F591.H72.V5;
Identifier/Call Number: xf F866.V83;
Identifier/Call Number: x F866.V83 1870:
Title: Vischer's Pictorial of California
Identifier/Call Number: xf F870.S4.V5:
Title: Vischer's Views of California : The Mammoth Tree Grove, Calaveras County, California, and its Avenues
Identifier/Call Number: BANC PIC 1977.048--A:
Title: Visit to the Ruins of the Mission of San Carlos in October 1867

Administrative Information

Acquisition Information

The Mission Era collection was acquired at the bequest of Hubert Vischer.

Biography

Edward Vischer was born April 6, 1808, in Regensburg (Ratsdon), Bavaria. At the age of 19 Vischer went to Mexico, where he was employed by the enterprising trader Heinrich Virmond, whose Acapulco-based company was well established along the Pacific Coast from Alta California to South America. From Virmond Vischer acquired much practical knowledge of the commercial shipping activity along the Pacific Coast, and learned much about the various inhabitants and cultures of Alta California. In 1835, while on a business lay-over in Callao, Peru, Vischer lived with artist and fellow Bavarian Mauritius Rugendas, who would eventually gain international recognition for his pictorial documentation of points of interest in Chile, Peru, Bolivia, and Brazil. During this time, Vischer and Rugendas entertained Charles Darwin, who had just completed a survey expedition in the Straits of Magellan.
In 1842, Virmond sent Vischer to Alta California with letters of introduction to several important military, governmental and ecclesiastical officials. During the voyage, which impressed him favorably, Vischer traveled with artist Jean Jacques Vioget (credited to be the first to paint a view of Yerba Buena), met Mexican military leader Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo, visited many of the Franciscan missions and other points of interest, and was instrumental in convincing U.S. Commodore Thomas Jones to give up Jones' recent occupation of Monterey, which was ordered according to outdated reports on the state of affairs between the United States and Mexico.
In the early 1840s, Vischer married Pilar Salguerra of Acapulco, with whom he would have one daughter, Adelaide. While in Mexico, Vischer also wrote several articles documenting various features of the Acapulco region, which he sent to his mother in Germany for publication. Vischer often produced sketches to accompany his articles, a practice --perhaps influenced by his association with Rugendas --which he would continue to develop.
In 1849, after learning of the California Gold Rush, Vischer moved to San Francisco. Encouraged by promising local business prospects, he quickly established himself as a reliable commission merchant. Expanding his enterprise to real estate, Vischer in short time become an extremely successful mortgage broker and wealthy property owner. Vischer also served as San Francisco's Austrian Consul. Always intent on attracting European investment in California commerce, Vischer continued to send articles to Germany which enthusiastically lauded the state's potential for development. In 1852, after divorcing Pilar, Vischer married Sophia Prince-Smith, a young English woman whom he met while on a voyage to Europe and whom he had been courting via correspondence for over five years. In 1854 their son Hubert was born (an earlier child died in infancy).
The following year, during a severe statewide depression, Vischer lost most of his assets and was forced to declare bankruptcy. Despite his losses, Vischer was still able to retain a degree of luxury which afforded him the opportunity to pursue what became an increasingly ambitious project: the creation and publication of a collection of drawings, accompanied by descriptive text, which would constitute a comprehensive pictorial representation of California. In 1862 Vischer published The Mammoth Tree Grove, Calaveras County, California, and its Avenues, an album of lithographic reproductions of his drawings of the scenic area. Disappointed with the quality of the album's reproductions, Vischer decided that the drawings of his next collection --"Sketches of the Washoe Mining Region," also published in 1862 --would be reproduced photographically. Satisfied with these results, Vischer would publish all his subsequent collections in this manner.
In 1870, after traveling throughout the state and compiling a large portfolio of sketches --some of which were made by his friend and travel companion William H. Hilton --Vischer published the Pictorial of California. Many years in the making, and containing reproductions of nearly 200 drawings, the Pictorial of California was the first such comprehensive "pictorial" to document the scenic attractions of California. In the publication's preface, Vischer explains the compilation's objective:
"The aim and purpose of views selected from several hundred of our own sketches in every part of California, has been to represent as truthfully as lay within our power, the natural characteristics of this favored country."
In 1872, Vischer published as a supplement to the Pictorial an album of drawings of California's Franciscan missions, a subject of much interest to him. For the remainder of his life, Vischer would continue to produce sketches of California scenery --especially of the missions --and revise his Pictorial. In 1878, the year of his death, Vischer completed and bequeathed to his son The Mission Era: California Under Spain and Mexico and Reminiscences, a unique collection of water-colored drawings of the missions, many of them depicted as Vischer remembered them to be during his first visit to the state in 1842.

Scope and Content

Edward Vischer's The Mission Era: California Under Spain and Mexico and Reminiscences was completed in 1878 and bequeathed to Vischer's son Hubert upon the artist's death that same year. The collection contains 49 water-colored drawings primarily featuring California's twenty-one Franciscan missions and their environs. The collection also contains 4 photographic reproductions of drawings, an index to the missions, two title leaves, and the remaining covers of the original album box in which the drawings were presented.
Compiled as a labor of love, The Mission Era offers a nostalgic pictorial representation of the twenty-one missions as they appeared during the mid-nineteenth century, after many of them had fallen into desuetude, if not outright decay. Fascinated with the mission life he witnessed while on his first visit to California in 1842, Vischer developed a great fondness for what he saw to be a symbol of a vanishing culture. The impression left upon Vischer by this first encounter is apparent in that many of the collection's drawings --the earliest of which were begun in 1861 --are in fact based on his recollections of the subjects as he first saw them during his 1842 visit (thus the "Reminiscences" of the title). Among the mission drawings is a set of views and ground plans provided by Vischer's longtime friend, Mexican General Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo. Like Vischer, Vallejo often depicts his subjects as he remembers them to have appeared in the past, as early as the 1820s. Such artistic reconstruction provides a rare glimpse of the missions as they once appeared before their later decline.
In addition to the missions and their immediate environs, other subjects pictured in the drawings include Mexican General Don Andrés Pico, the Monterey coast, the San Diego Valley, the Temecula Valley (at the time also known as Temecola Valley), the California Southern Overland Stage Line, the ruins of a Mormon residence in San Bernardino, and Doña Marcelina's grape-vine in Santa Barbara. Pictured in two of the photographic reproductions is a portrait of Vallejo, likely included to indicate that he was the supplier, if not also the artist, of the given views.
Some of the collection's drawings are revised versions of earlier sketches made by Vischer during his travels of the 1850s and 1860s. Others are based on original sketches by William H. Hilton --who often accompanied Vischer on his drawing excursions --and "C. Hahn." The collection also includes the photographic reproduction of a painting by Josephine Bishop. Upon close inspection, several drawings reveal Vischer's occasional --and nearly undetectable --practice of pasting cut-out portions of one drawing onto a background, or within the scene, of another. Many drawings in the collection were reproduced for publication in Vischer's Pictorial of California.
All the drawings in the collection are captioned in manuscript by Vischer. Many of the drawings also include explanatory text. The surviving original box covers to the collection are embossed with the collection's title and the artist's name. One of the covers bears the subtitle "Sketches." A third cover bears the embossed title, "Mission Sketches, 1861-1878," and a dedication to Vischer's son. The two title leaves probably served to divide the collection into two sections. One of the leaves bears the title, "Relics of the Past / Missions of Upper California / 1850 to 1878" (referring to item nos. 1-44?); the other, "Rural Scenes / Mementos of the Pastoral and Patriarchal Era / and / Reminiscences / of / Southern California" (referring to item nos. 45-50?). (It is not determined if Vischer established an ordering for the individual drawings.) The index lists the missions in the chronological order of their foundations.

Container Listing

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:1--ALB Indian hovels at the palm group of Lower San Diego Valley. (The old Mission just visible in the distance.) Canoes return from fishing. Excursion of 1874.

Date: May 8, 1874

Size: 14.6 x 21.9 cm

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:2--ALB Point Cypress. The promontory S.W. of Monterey, and N.W. of Carmelo Bay with the old mission ruins. These straggling cypresses, weird and lonesome, may fitly be called the weeping-willows of California's departed Patriarchal Era!!! (cf. Vischer Pictorial p.74)

Date: Oct. 1867

Size: 17.6 x 25.7 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:3--ALB S.E. view of the church-ruin, walls and orchard grounds of San Diego. The first-founded Franciscan mission in Upper California. (1769)(cf. Vischer Missions no. 15).

Date: April 20, 1874

Size: 16 x 23 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:4--ALB Ruins of the old Mission of San Carlos, at the mouth of the River Carmelo. (Founded Ao. 1770.)(cf. Vischer Pictorial p. 1, Vischer Missions, no. 1).

Date: 1861

Size: 14.6 x 22.5 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:5--ALB Ruins of the church and buildings of San Carlos Rey. (Mision del Carmelo near Monterey.) Founded 1769.

Date: 1861

Size: 17.9 x 26.3 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:6--ALB Rear-view of the ruins of the Mission of San Carlos, from the sea-side.

Date: October 1867

Size: 12.8 x 19.1 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:7--ALB Church, buildings and ruins of the Mission of San Antonio de Padua, in Monterey County. Franciscan Father Doroteo Ambriz, an Acolite [sic] of the order, born in Mexico, ordained in California. (cf.Vischer Missions no. 6).

Date: June 26, 1873

Size: 11.2 x 18.7 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:8--ALB West view of the old orchards, and the church of the ex-mission of San Gabriel. (No traces left of the mission buildings.) Reminiscenses [sic] of our first visit at San Gabriel, 1842. 1771 founded. (cf. Vischer Missions no. 13).

Date: 1865

Size: 12.1 x 19.2 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:9--ALB Ex-Mission (now Parish-Church) of San Gabriel, after Hahn's celebrated picture in the possession of M. Sherwood. Original by C. Hahn. In appreciation of the merits of the original, and in friendly remembrance of its genial author, with his permission reproduced by E. Vischer, 1878. Sunday-gatherings after Mass.

Date: 1878

Size: 15.3 x 21.8 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:10--ALB San Luis Obispo, the lower (older) portion of the town and the old mission buildings, as seen from the mission orchard. (cf. Vischer Pictorial p. 108, Vischer Missions no. 8).

Date: 1864

Size: 16 x 24.9 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:11--ALB The western part of the town, and the Mission of San Luis Obispo; 1864, approach from the landing. Supplementary drawings of 1873.

Date: 1864 (1873)

Size: 11.8 x 18.3 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:12--ALB Outskirts of the town San Luis Obispo. Barrio del Tigre (Tiger-town). (Haunts of the native and Indian population in the old mission outbuildings.)

Date: 1865

Size: 17.5 x 23.5 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:13--ALB A reminiscense [sic] of 1842: Bullfight, (after high mass) at the Mission Dolores. In celebration of the Patron Saint San Francisco de Asis. (cf. Vischer Missions no. 2).

Date: 1876

Size: 14.2 x 20.9 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:14--ALB View of the ruins of the church, and buildings of the Ex-Mission of San Juan Capistrano. The church destroyed by the earthquake of 1812. (cf. Vischer Pictorial no. 37, Vischer Missions no. 14).

Date: May 9, 1865

Size: 16.3 x 25.3 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:15--ALB Rear view of the earthquake-ruins of San Juan Capistrano, With secion of aqueduct. Additional drawings of 1876. In memory of R. Fray Jose Maria de Zaldivea; our leave-taking in Nov. 1842. (Founded Ao. 1776.) (Church destroyed 1812.)

Date: 1876

Size: 14.3 x 20.9 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:16--ALB Ex-Mission and church of Santa Clara, the site of the present Jesuit College. From an old photograph aided by personal recollection 1842. "After-Mass" Holiday-gathering of rancheros, and the family-oxcart (cf. Vischer Missions no. 3).

Date: n.d.

Size: 16 x 23.1 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:17--ALB The Franciscan old mission church at San Buena Ventura, now the parish-church of the Catholics.

Date: n.d.

Size: 16.1 x 22.2 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:18--ALB South view of the town, with the church and mission-buildings of San Buena Ventura. A cavalcade of the Good Olden Times. F.G. Becher and Alfred Robinson, on a trip northward, with vaqueros and remonta from the Missn. of San Gabriel. Mission San Buenaventura founded in 1782. (cf. Vischer Pictorial no. 110; Vischer Missions no. 11)

Date: May 1865

Size: 17.2 x 24.9 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:19--ALB Church and contiguous buildings of the Ex-Mission of Santa Barbara. Now a college of the Order of San Francisco. Autograph Fr. Jose Ma. de Jesus Gonzalez Rubio [rubric]. Santa Barbara (1842 & 1865). While engaged in tracing the first outlines of this interesting structure, Sunday, May 7th, 1865, Mass just over, we obtained, through favor, the autograph of Father Gonzalez, the worthy President of the College, sollicited [sic] and kindly granted, as a memento of this, our second visit, after an interval of twinty-three years! To preserve in the proper place so welcome a present, we committed the pardonable indescretion of finishing up our drawing on the very paper containing the autograph, as a means to gratify those of our friends who like ourselves, from personal acquaintance with Father Gonzalez, the last survivor of the missionaries, appreciate his excellent qualities. Thus we secured what will become a relic of one whose name, blessed during lifetime by the many hearts he comforted, will after his death stand as the last pillar of the missionary work in California so honorably preceded by Fathers Junipero Serra, Geronimo Boscana, Sanchez, Peiri, Salvidea, Duran, and other distinguished ornaments of the order of San Frnacisco. (Reference to text of the California Collection. E.V.) (cf. Vischer Pictorial p. 106, Vischer Missions no. 20)

Date: 1842/1865

Size: 16.8 x 25.3 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:20--ALB South-east view of Santa Barbara convent. (cf. Vischer Pictorial p. 25, Vischer Missions no. 10).

Date: May 6, 1865

Size: 12.2 x 19.5 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:21--ALB Cattle-drove (northward-bound for a market) passing the valley of Santa Barbara. (cf. Vischer Pictorial p. 115) NOTE: three ruled lines on verso.

Date: May 6, 1865

Size: 12.5 x 18.8 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:22--ALB Mission-ruins: The dilapidated guardhouse at the Sta. Barbara Mission. View towards the bay. Supplementary drawings of 1873.

Date: 1865 (1873)

Size: 12 x 18.9 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:23--ALB Ruins of the Ex-Mission of La Purisima Concepcion. Drawn between 1 & 6 of April '78. The last stone to the temple. After a photograph, the valuable contribution of Mrs. Josephine Bishop completing the mission collection on Author's 70th birthday. Photograph of 1876. Date of foundation Dec. 8, 1787.

Date: April 1-6, 1878

Size: 16.4 x 24.6 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:24--ALB La Purissima [i.e. La Purisima]: Groundplan of mission and outbuildings [with sketch of mission in 1824]. Kindly given by Genl. M.G. Vallejo, Oct. 15, 1878. Thankfully acknowledged by E.V.

Date: 1878?

Size: 12.3 x 16.2 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:25--ALB Ruins of the Mission "Nuestra Senora de la Soledad," in the Salinas Plains. Property of the Soberanis [!].

Date: 1873

Size: 11.2 x 17.9 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:26--ALB Santa Cruz [ground plan; sketch of mission in 1825]. Ground plan of the mission & surroundings kindly supplied by Genl. Vallejo.

Date: 1878?

Size: 12.2 x 16.4 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:27--ALB Ruins of the old Mission Church of Santa Cruz, in 1859. A friendly contribution by Mrs. Josephine Bishop. [Photographic reproduction of painting.]

Date: 1878?

Size: 13.4 x 18.2 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:28--ALB Sketch of the church and buildings of the Mission of San Jose, Upper California. F. [i.e. Founded] Ao. 1797. (cf. Vischer Pictorial p. 107, Vischer Missions no. 4).

Date: August 16, 1866

Size: 16.7 x 24.7 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:29--ALB Mission of San Juan Bautista, Monterey County. (cf. Vischer Pictorial p. 13, Vischer Missions, no. 5) NOTE: on verso, marginal rulings and numbers.

Date: 1862

Size: 14.7 x 23 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:30--ALB Church (the interior yet kept in good condition) of the Mission of San Miguel, and ruins of the 'Casa Principal' and outbuildings. Sheriff and posse conducting a band of criminals towards San Luis Obispo. (The northrooms in 1852 the scene of the murder of the Reed family by outlaws.) A scene of the starvation of cattle in the summer of 1864, during the great drought. Founded 1797. (cf. Vischer Pictorial p.111, Vischer Missions no. 7)

Date: 1864

Size: 18.1 x 26.4 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:31--ALB Casa del Paso de Robles, the old farm building of the Mission of San Miguel. Now the sheepfarm of James Blackburn. Meeting of neighbouring stock-owners at a general rodeo for the separation of herds. (cf. Vischer Pictorial p.116).

Date: May 1864

Size: 15.9 x 24.7 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:32--ALB Chapel and principal buildings of the Ex-Mission San Fernando. [Founded] 1798. Instances of extreme old age. Genl. D. Andres Pico, with his adoptive daughter, visiting the quarters of the aged Sn. Fernando Indians. The oldest surviving mission-Indians of California. Alifonso' 130 (by computation) Agapito' 115, the first adult gentil [sic] baptized [sic] here, (then a grandfather). Their wives also abt. 100 years old. (cf. Vischer Missions no. 12)

Date: 1865

Size: 16.8 x 25.5 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:33--ALB A Californian magnate in his home. General Don Andres Pico of Los Angeles. Southern mission orchard; vaqueros lassoing cattle; corridor of the farm-building. Ex-Mission of San Fernando.

Date: 1865

Size: 14.8 x 20.8 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:34--ALB Indian rancheria of Jose Antonio Venado, at San Luis Rey Mission, near the Zanja. Caicha-tribe, Quechumas. April 1865. Supplementary drawings of Spanish and Indian life, 1873 (Sketched 1868). Ambrosia, Vaquero; Temecola & Eusebio.

Date: 1868 (1873)

Size: 15.1 x 23.5 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:35--ALB Ruins of the church and buildings of the Mission of San Luis Rey. Founded 1798. (cf. Vischer Pictorial p. 49, Vischer Missions no. 15).

Date: May 1, 1865

Size: 16.1 x 25.2 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:36--ALB Ruins of the church and buildings of the Ex-Mission of San Luis Rey. [From rear.]

Date: May 1, 1865

Size: 16.3 x 24.7 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:37--ALB West-view of the ruins of the mission of San Luis Rey (in 1865) and distant view toward Temecola.

Date: May 6, 1865

Size: 12.2 x 19.3 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:38--ALB Scene at the abandoned mission-orchard at San Luis Rey, in the bottom,' south of the mission buildings. Supplementary drawings 1873.

Date: June 1865 (1873)

Size: 15.5 x 22.2 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:39--ALB North view of the church and Ex-Mission of Santa Ines, (with groupings of the olden times). 'Alistando la remonta.' Father Blas Ordaz ordering relais, the mayordomo reporting; departure of honored guests, 1833/6, Fernando Deppe, A. Robinson and J. Thompson. (cf. Vischer Pictorial p.109, Vischer Missions no. 9)

Date: 1865

Size: 17.2 x 24.9 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:40--ALB Ruins of the south-end and inner corridors of Sta. Ines Mission buildings; our night quarters with the mail agent. April 22, 1865. Supplementary drawings of Mission-Ruins, 1873. Donkeys by W.H.H. [i.e. William H. Hilton].

Date: April 22, 1865 (1873)

Size: 14.8 x 22.8 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:41--ALB San Rafael. Ground plan of mission and surroundings. Kindly furnished by General M.G. Vallejo Oct. 15, 1878. [Sketch of Mission in upper right, titled San Rafael, 1831.]

Date: 1878?

Size: 12.1x16.5 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:42--ALB Catholic chapel at San Rafael. Site of old mission church and buildings, entirely gone. [At top is small photo of pencil sketch of mission, titled: Bosquejo de la Mision de San Rafael, en 1831, por favor del Sr. General M.G. Vallejo, en 1878.] Photo has label with legend in ms., Para Dn. Eduardo Vicher [sic]. (5.5 x 15.2 cm.) Verso has larger uncropped photo of same pencil sketch including small portrait Vallejo and notation: Mision de San Rafael en 1831. M.G.V. (10.4 x 16.1 cm.)].

Date: May 3, 1868 (1873)

Size: 11 x 17.5 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:43--ALB San Francisco Solano. Groundplan of mission and surroundings. Kindly supplied by General M.G. Vallejo Oct. 15, 1878. Sketch of mission in upper left corner titled: San Francisco Solano, 1832.

Date: 1878?

Size: 12.2 x 16.4 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:44a--ALB Recto: Renovated chapel, and ruins of the buildings of the Ex-Mission San Francisco Solano. Sonoma.

Date: June 1874

Size: 9.5 x 15.1 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:44b--ALB Verso: Presumable appearance of the Mission of San Francisco Solano (Sonoma) about the year 1832, in its primitive state, or rather with Pater Quijas' contemplated renovations. The above elevation is drawn from a ground plan kindly furnished by Genl. M.G. Vallejo at Lachryma Montis, October 1878.

Date: 1878?

Size: 14 x 19.8 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:45--ALB Under Dona Marcelina's celebrated grape-vine, at the Montecito, Santa Barbara. Carefully sketched in Santa Barbara, May 1, 1865. But 1871 drawn from recollection, the original having been lost (cf. Vischer Pictorial p. 169).

Date: 1871

Size: 15.7 x 22.8 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:46--ALB A Mormon relic. Ruins of Elders Lyman and Richie's residence at San Bernardino. Mormon colony at San Bernardino from 1848 to 1857. (1857 Exodus on account of the war.) Destroyed by fire. Supplementary drawings of 1873.

Date: April 1865 (1873)

Size: 12.8 x 19.9 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:47--ALB (1841/2.) Cliff-passage south of San Juan Capistrano. A cavalcade in the times of Duflot de Mofras and Ferndo. Deppe. Reminiscenses [sic] of 1842; addenda of 1876. (cf. Vischer Pictorial p. 95).

Date: 1876

Size: 13.7 x 20.4 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:48--ALB North-east view of Temecola Valley, 10 miles west of San Luis Rey. South-Cala. scenery. Excursion of 1871. Group remodelled with the aid of W.H. Hilton. Temecola Valley lands. The refuge and abode of San Diego and San Luis Rey Indians, after many years occupancy threatened with expropriation.

Date: 1871

Size: 14.6 x 21 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:49--ALB California Southern Overland Stage Line. California life and traffic; relais stables in San Luis Obispo (cf. Vischer Pictorial p. 146).

Date: n.d.

Size: 14.5 x 22.6 cm.

 

BANC PIC 19xx.039:50--ALB Groundplans of the destroyed missions of Santa Cruz, La Purisima, San Rafael and San Francisco Solano. A valuable acquisition due to the early records, retentive memory and untiring obligingness of Genl. M.G. Vallejo. [Individual plates in this photoprint are filed with respective mission groups above.] [Portrait of Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo, center.] [Photographic reproduction.]

Date: n.d.

Size: 16.1 x 11.6 cm.