Victor Gruen (1903-1980) was an architect. He established Victor Gruen Associates in Los Angeles (1951) and designed shopping
centers, including Northland Center in Detroit, Southdale Center in Minneapolis, The Mall in Fresno, California and Midtown
Plaza in Rochester, New York (1962), the first inner-city enclosed mall. The collection consists of published articles by
and about Victor Gruen.
Victor Gruen was born Victor David Grünbaum in 1903 in Vienna, Austria; attended the Architectural School and the Academy
of Arts in Vienna, where he developed a private practice; moved to New York in 1938, working for the Ivels Corporation and
in the office of Norman Bel Geddes; formed a design partnership with Elsie Krummeck (1940-48); settled in Los Angeles, where
he established Victor Gruen Associates in 1951; designed shopping centers, including Northland Center in Detroit and Southdale
Center in Minneapolis; also designed The Mall in Fresno, California and Midtown Plaza, Rochester, New York (1962), the first
inner-city enclosed mall, and Sea World, San Diego (1968); Fellow, American Institute of Architects; he died on February 14,
1 box (0.5 linear ft.)
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