Guide to the Oscar Fitzalan Long papers, 1872-1926

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History --Military History History --History, United States (excluding California) --History, Montana Social Sciences --Area and Interdisciplinary Studies --Native American Studies

Guide to the Oscar Fitzalan Long Papers, 1872-1926

Collection number: BANC MSS C-B 939

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, California

Contact Information:

Processed by:
The Bancroft Library staff
Date Completed:
ca. 1964
Encoded by:
Xiuzhi Zhou
© 1997 The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

Collection Summary

Collection Title: Oscar Fitzalan Long Papers,
Date (inclusive): 1872-1926
Collection Number: BANC MSS C-B 939
Origination: Long, Oscar Fitzalan, 1852-1928
Extent: Number of containers: 3 boxes and 1 oversize folder
Repository: The Bancroft Library
Berkeley, California 94720-6000
Physical Location: For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.
Abstract: Correspondence, army orders, maps and manuscripts of military pamphlets. Relate to Lon's army career, especially to battles with the Montana Indians of the Yellowstone District, 1877-1878, and to his work in the Quartermaster Dept.
Languages Represented: English

Information for Researchers


Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to The Bancroft Library. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Head of Public Services. Permission for publication is given on behalf of The Bancroft Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Oscar Fitzalan Long papers, BANC MSS C-B 939, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.


Oscar Fitzalan Long, born in 1852, was appointed to West Point in 1872. Upon graduation he joined the 5th U. S. Infantry. In 1877 he fought under Nelson A. Miles against the Montana Indians -the Sioux, Nez Percé, Cheyenne and Bannock tribes -in the battles of Wolf Mountain, Lame Deer, Bear Paw Mountain and Milk River, and received the Congressional Medal of Honor for his gallantry in action in the battle of Bear Paw Mountain. In 1896 Captain Long was assigned to San Francisco with the Quartermaster Corps. Here he equipped the army sailing to the Philippines, and organized overseas transport service between San Francisco and the Philippines. He was commissioned Captain and Assistant Quartermaster in 1892, Major and Quartermaster in 1901, Lieutenant Colonel in June 1904, and retired as a Brigadier General in July 1904. He made his home in Piedmont, California, after his retirement, and became president of the California Wire Cloth Company of Oakland. He died on Dec. 28, 1928.

Scope and Content

Bancroft Library purchased the papers from John Howell in July, 1964. The papers include correspondence, 1876-1926, some of it relating to Long's service in Montana and some addressed to Nelson A. Miles; a letterpress volume of Long's letters, 1903-1904, while Quartermaster in Washington, D. C.; army orders; manuscripts and printed copies of pamphlets relating to military matters; miscellaneous papers relating to Long's army career, to the expedition to Alaska on the Dakota, 1882, and to genealogies of the Mabie and Veeder families; and army maps of the Montana area

Key to Arrangement

Box 1:

Correspondence and Personal Papers


Correspondence, 1877-1926, arranged chronologically.

Additional Note

A partial list of correspondents is appended at the end of this report.

Letterpress volume, 1901-1904, of letters by O. F. Long


Army orders: Special orders, 1876-1896, and General Orders, 1873-1879.

Additional Note

Mainly by order of N. A. Miles, emanating from Head-quarters of the Yellowstone Command.

Miscellaneous army papers:

Additional Note

Account book while at West Point, briefs of service (2, n.d. ), efficiency report, 1897, and insignia, buttons, etc.

Miscellaneous personal papers:

Additional Note

Clippings, etc., re Alaska expedition on the Dakota, 1882; genealogical information re the Mabie and Veeder families.
Box 2:

Manuscripts and printed material


Long, Oscar Fitzalan:

Additional Note

The Quartermaster's Department. Ms. and printed copy. With this 2 charts, one concerning the organization of the Department, 1775-1815, and the other a list of officers, 1789-1815.

Regulations for United States Army Transport Service.

Additional Note

Draft (incomplete), typed copies and printed copies. These regulations were revised and edited by Long.

Printed material:


U. S. Secretary of War:

Additional Note

Annual Report. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. 1879

Long, Oscar Fitzalan:

Additional Note

Changes in the Uniform of the Army, 1774-1895. Army and Navy Register, Washington, D.C. [ca. 1895]

Gilman, H. K. :

Additional Note

The Naval Brigade and Operations Ashore (Naval Professional Papers, no. 20) U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. 1886

Records of Living Officers of the United States Army.

Additional Note

L. R. Hamersly & Co., Philadelphia. 1884
Box 3:


Scope and Content Note

The maps relate to the Dept. of the Columbia, Dakota Territory and Montana Territory.
item 1.

Army map, sheet no. 3, Western Territory (Montana, Wyoming). With this is an 1828 map of the Dept. of the Columbia, prepared by order of Nelson A. Miles.

item 2.

Map of the Department of the Columbia by Lieut. Thomas W. Symons, 1881, indicating Indian reservations and Army stations.

item 3.

Map of the Department of the Columbia by Lt. Thomas W. Symons, 2d. ed., rev., June 1865.

item 4.

Map of Dakota Territory, prepared by order of General A. H. Terry, 3rd. ed., 1878.

item 5.

Sketches and printed maps relating to the Yellowstone Command, Montana Territory.

item 6.

Map of Montana Territory, prepared by order of General W. S. Hancock, 3rd. ed., 1878, compiled under the direction of Lt. Edward Maguire.

item 7.

Blueprint map, ca. 1891, concerning the "Affair of the Wounded Knee", a battle against the Sioux Indians of Dakota. With this, a blueprint detail map, showing the position of troops, Dec. 29, 1890.

Partial List of Correspondents


Baldwin, Frank Dwight, 1842-1923


4 letters, Oct. 27, 1877; Sept. 19, 1878; Oct. 25, 1878.

See also Hunt, Theodore Whitefield.


Bourne, Jonathan, 1855-1940


Letter, [Apr. 1882], to Gen. Miles.


Breckinridge, Joseph Cabell, 1842-1920

see U.S. War Dept.


Corbin, Henry Clark, 1842-1909


Letter, Aug. 8, 1885


Crosby, John Schuyler, 1839-1914

see Miles, Nelson Appleton letter of Feb. 25, 1885.


Curtis, William Edmond, 1855-1923

see U.S. Treasury Dept.


Drum, Richard Coulter, 1825-1909

see U.S. Adjudant General's Office


Edwardy, William M.


2 letters, June 15, 1889 and Apr. 8, 1890. 1890 letter addressed to General Miles.

See also telegrams re William Williams, June 1889.


Ericsson, John, 1803-1889


Letter, Jan. 16, 1883, to Nelson A. Miles.


Foster, John Watson, 1836-1917

see U.S. Dept. of State


Grierson, Benjamin Henry, 1826-1911

see telegrams re William Williams, June 1889.


Hathaway, Forest Henry, 1844-1912

see Miles, Nelson Appleton letter of Nov. 20, 1878.


Hunt, Theodore Whitefield, 1844-1930


Letter, Mar. 11, 1907, enclosing letter of Frank D. Baldwin of Mar. 6, 1907.


Kelton, John Cunningham, 1828-1893

see U. S. Adjudant General's Office


Long, Oscar Fitzalan, 1852-1928


Description, of that part of Montana near the Bannock Battlefield, [ca.1877]


Letter to F. D. Baldwin, June 27, 1878. Drafts of report re battle of June 1876, and sketches of battlefield.


Letter, Aug. 3, 1878, to Nelson A. Miles


Telegrams, June 1889, re arrest of William Williams


Letter, Aug. 16, 1890, to Nelson A. Miles, describing his part in the Bear Paw Mountain Battle of 1877.


Ludington, Marshall Independence, 1539-1919


2 letters, Sept. 20. 1895, and Mar. 10, 1898


Meade, W K, 1851-

see U.S. Marshall (District of Arizona)


Meiklejohn, George De Rue, 1857-1929

see U.S. War Dept.


Miles, Nelson Appleton, 1839-1925


Report... of the Wolf Mts. Fight, January 1877. Copy, in hand of O. F. Long


Letter addressed to the Assistant Adjudant General, Dec. 27, 1877.


Printed report of military operations of the Yellowstone district, Oct. 1876 to Oct. 1877.


Letter, Nov. 20, 1878, written for Col. Miles by Lt. F. H. Hathaway.


Letter, Feb. 25, 1885, addressed to the Postmaster General, with Postmaster J. S. Crosby's reply on p. 4.


11 letters, 1885-1586. Military record included at end of this folder.


Letter, Aug. 8, 1890.


Morton, Julius Sterling, 1832-1902


Letter, Sept. 21, 1895


Myer, Albert Lee, 1846-1914


Letter, Apr. 9, 1878. With map and report of excursion into Montana Territory.


Oliver, Robert Shaw, 1847-1935


Letter, Dec. 29, 1904


Pratt, Richard Henry, 1840-1924


Letter, July 11, 1885, to Nelson A. Miles


Root, Oren, 1838-1907


Letter, Sept. 12, 1901


Ruggles, George David, 1897-1904


Telegrams re arrest of William Williams, June 1889.


Seawell, Molly Elliot, d. 1916


Letter, Sept. 22, 1895


Taft, William Howard, 1857-1930

see U.S. Philippine Commission, 1900-1916


U.S. Adjudant-General's Office


Letter, Jan. 27, 1885, to Nelson A. Miles by Richard C. Drum.


Letter, Oct. 22, 1889, signed by J. C. Kelton, transmitting commission as Adjudant General of the Militia of the District of Columbia to O. F. Long. Printed form, filled in.


U.S. Dept. of State


Letter, Nov. 15, 1892, addressed to Diplomatic and Consular Officers of the United States, signed by John W. Foster.


U.S. Marshall (District of Arizona)


Letter, Sept. 4, 1889, by W. K. Meade


U.S. Philippine Commission, 1900-1916


2 letters, May 10 and Oct. 17, 1900, by W. H. Taft. Copies only.


U.S. Public Health Service


Letter, Dec. 8, 1903, by Walter Wyman


U.S. Surveyor General for Montana


Letter, Aug. 19, 1878, to Nelson A. Miles by Roswell S. Mason. Accompanied by sketch-map.


U.S. Treasury Dept.


Letter, Sept. 24, 1894, addressed to Collectors and other Officers of the Customs on the Northern Frontier, signed by W. E. Curtis.


U.S. War Dept.


Letter, Apr. 18, 1898, signed by J. C. Breckinridge.


Letter, Nov. 22, 1899, by G. D. Meiklejohn to Col. John Boyd.


Whistler, Joseph Nelson Garland, 1822-1899


Endorsement on application of Lieutenant Oscar F. Long, 5th Infantry, for transfer to Artillery. Dec. 15, 1878. Copy.


Wyman, Walter, 1848-1911

see U.S. Public Health Service