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Register of the Herbert Hoover subject Collection, 1895-2006
62008  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Accruals
  • Foreword
  • Introduction
  • Biographical Note

  • Title: Herbert Hoover subject collection
    Date (inclusive): 1895-2006
    Collection Number: 62008
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
    Language of Material: English
    Physical Description: 351 manuscript boxes, 4 oversize boxes, 31 card file boxes, 2 oversize folders, 92 envelopes, 8 microfilm reels, 3 videotape cassettes, 36 phonotape reels, 31 phonorecords, memorabilia 168.2 linear feet
    Abstract: Correspondence, writings, printed matter, photographs, motion picture film, and sound recordings, relating to the career of Herbert Hoover as president of the United States and as relief administrator during World Wars I and II. Sound use copies of sound recordings available.
    Creator: Hoover, Herbert, 1874-1964.

    Access

    Collection open for research except for Boxes 382 and 384.
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    Published as:



    Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace.

    Herbert Hoover, a register of his papers in the Hoover Institution archives / compiled by Elena S. Danielson and Charles G. Palm. Stanford, Calif. : Hoover Institution Press, Stanford University, c1983
    For copyright status, please contact Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Herbert Hoover subject collection, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1962.

    Accruals

    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Foreword

    I am pleased to present to the public and to the scholarly community this detailed inventory of the Herbert Hoover Subject Collection, which are deposited in the Hoover Institution Archives at Stanford University. These papers total over 278,000 items and cover more than 75 years in the life and times of a great humanitarian and statesman.
    One of Herbert Hoover's achievements was the founding in 1919 of the Hoover Institution, which became the focal point for his extensive collecting and scholarly interests. The Hoover Institution served as the only repository for his papers until 1962. At that time, the Herbert Hoover Presidential Library was created at Mr. Hoover's birthplace, West Branch, Iowa, and his presidential and certain other papers were transferred to this new repository. Nonetheless, as this published inventory reveals, many of his files (along with those of his friends and associates and the records of many organizations he served) still reside here.
    In 1977, the Hoover Institution published Herbert Hoover: A Bibliography of His Writings and Addresses, which listed his numerous published works. I hope this companion volume, describing Herbert Hoover's unpublished papers and collected documents, will further facilitate the growing interest in his career and achievements among scholars and laymen alike.
    W. Glenn Campbell

    Director

    Introduction

    Between 1919, when he founded the Hoover Institution, and his death in 1964, Herbert Hoover routinely deposited papers of historical value at the Hoover Institution, including, in 1933, papers he accumulated as secretary of commerce and president of the United States. In 1962, the Department of Commerce and presidential files were transferred to the then newly established Herbert Hoover Presidential Library at West Branch, Iowa, administered by the U.S. National Archives and Records Service. When he deeded these papers to the federal government, Mr. Hoover specified that records relating to war and peace and certain other materials were to remain at the Hoover Institution. It is this latter group of materials, together with some items added after his death, that is described here.
    The Herbert Hoover Collection in the Hoover Institution Archives covers the years from 1895 to 1976 and contains some 278,000 items (185 linear feet). These materials document Mr. Hoover's relief activities during and after World War I and II, his relationship with President Woodrow Wilson, his political and personal philosophy, his post-presidential career, his public service activities, and his public reputation. The principal series include a biographical file; correspondence with Woodrow Wilson; speeches and writings; articles, clippings, press summaries, and press releases about him; analyses of editorial comment published during the Hoover administration; correspondence; subject file and card file, as well as memorabilia, microfilms, motion picture films, sound recordings, and photographs. Selected materials on his service as secretary of commerce and president are also present.
    The biographical series in the collection documents much of Mr. Hoover's personal and family life, including his education at Stanford University, his early business career in mining, and the honors and awards he earned. Of particular importance as a record of his daily activities are his original appointment calendars for the periods 1917-1920 and the presidential years 1929-1933 (boxes 1-2). A sizeable file of obituaries and eulogies (box 3) is also present.
    The correspondence between Herbert Hoover and Woodrow Wilson constitutes a valuable part of the collection. These letters reveal major policies of the relief and conservation programs directed by Mr. Hoover during World War I, the characteristics of Wilson's administrative style, and the special relationship of trust and confidence that developed between the two men. Many of these letters were published in The Hoover-Wilson Wartime Correspondence: September 24, 1914 to November 11, 1918(Iowa State University Press, 1974) and Two Peacemakers in Paris: The Hoover-Wilson Post Armistice Letters, 1918-1920 (Texas A & M University Press, 1978), both edited by Francis William O'Brien.
    The U.S. Commerce Department and presidential files consist primarily of selected copies of papers located at the Herbert Hoover Presidential Library. Some important original material is present, however, including a portion of Mr. Hoover's Commerce Department correspondence (boxes 11-12), Gen. Douglas MacArthur's report to the attorney general and other documentation on the 1932 bonus march on Washington, D. C. (boxes 23-24), material on the presidential campaigns of 1928 and 1932 (boxes 74-77), as well as a lengthy memorandum defending the Hoover administration by Edward Eyre Hunt, economic adviser to Mr. Hoover (box 73).
    The series of addresses, letters, magazine articles, and press statements, commonly referred to as "the Bible," is an extensive collection of Mr. Hoover's non-book writings and addresses. A detailed calendar identifying and describing all items in this series may be consulted in the archives' reading room. The Herbert Hoover Presidential Library maintains a duplicate set of this series, together with a subject card index.
    A second series of Mr. Hoover's speeches and writings contains material not in "the Bible," including printed copies of speeches, articles, and press statements, as well as original drafts of unpublished memoranda and published books. Memoranda relating to the U.S. Food Administration, the Paris Peace Conference, and relief in Europe (boxes 149-152) are of particular interest, as are those written between March and May 1933 and between September 1942 and November 1943, about critical political and international issues (box 153). This series also contains manuscript drafts and annotated galleys of several of Mr. Hoover's books, including Addresses upon the American Road; An American Epic,volumes I-IV; American Individualism; Challenge to Liberty;and Memoirs of Herbert Hoover (boxes 158-215). A published bibliography of his writings is Herbert Hoover: A Bibliography of His Writings and Addresses, compiled by Kathleen Tracey (Hoover Institution Press, 1977). Additional bibliographies are located in the biographical series (box 2).
    Three series--writings about Herbert Hoover; clippings, press summaries, and press releases; and editorial analyses--provide a comprehensive record of how others saw Mr. Hoover and show the changing attitudes toward him over the years. They also give considerable information on various phases of his public career.
    The correspondence series represents an uneven assortment of letters, sent and received by Mr. Hoover. Substantive matter may be found in the correspondence folders on Julius Barnes, Bernard Baruch, Hugh Gibson, James P. Goodrich, Joseph C. Grew, James A. Healy, Edward Eyre Hunt, Vernon Kellogg, John Callan O'Laughlin, John J. Pershing, Edgar Richard, H. Alexander Smith, George Sokolsky, Alonzo Taylor, Arthur H. Vandenberg, and William Allen White. The greater part of Mr. Hoover's correspondence file is located at the Herbert Hoover Presidential Library.
    The subject file contains a variety of material collected by Mr. Hoover. Of particular importance are the folders on the Commission for Relief in Belgium (boxes 329-330), the American Relief Administration in Hungary and Russia (boxes 326-327), the Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, 1914-1923 (box 336), the Republican Party (box 341), the 1937 attempt to pack the Supreme Court (box 344), and Mr. Hoover's position on national defense and U.S. involvement in World War II (box 355). This series also includes writings by A. R. Lamb on the Paris Peace Conference (box 337), by Hugh Gibson on isolationism and the United Nations (box 332), and the unfinished memoirs of Edward Eyre Hunt (boxes 335-336).
    Motion picture films relate primarily to his World War I relief work, his reminiscences, presidential campaigns, his presidency, reorganization of the executive department in the federal government, and his funeral and memorial services. They consist of several titled productions, as well as numerous short newsreels. Titled films include "Herbert Hoover: Master of Emergencies," "We Fed Our Enemies," "Ordeal of Wilson: A Personal Memoir," and "Washington Service for Hoover." The newsreels cover the years between 1916 and 1949, with emphasis on the 1920s.
    Other audiovisual materials include photographs and sound recordings. Over 3,000 photographs from individuals, news services, and government sources depict scenes from Mr. Hoover's life. A photograph card index may be consulted in the archives' reading room. Sound recordings are present for many of Mr. Hoover's speeches and addresses, 1938-1962, and for a memorial service recorded by the National Broadcasting Corporation on October 22, 1964.
    In addition to the Herbert Hoover Collection, other materials on Mr. Hoover are available for research at the Hoover Institution Archives. The Herbert Hoover Oral History Collection contains transcripts of interviews with 315 individuals who knew Mr. Hoover. Records of organizations in which Mr. Hoover played an active part, as well as papers belonging to many of his friends and associates, are accessioned as individual collections. They provide substantial documentation on international relief activities, conservation in the United States during wartime, economic organization of federal government, and other subjects. These record groups total approximately 2,100 linear feet. Together with the Herbert Hoover Collection, they constitute one of the largest bodies of materials available anywhere to the student of Herbert Hoover's life and times.
    Organizations closely associated with Herbert Hoover, which have deposited archives here, include the following:
    1. American Children's Fund, 1923-1950
    2. Better Homes in America, 1923-1935
    3. C.R.B. Educational Foundation, 1921-1956
    4. Citizens Committee for the Reorganization of the Executive Branch of the Government, 1949-1958
    5. Commission for Polish Relief, 1939-1949
    6. Commission for Relief in Belgium, 1914-1919
    7. Commission for Relief in Belgium, 1940
    8. European Technical Advisers, 1919-1923
    9. Fight for Freedom Committee, 1940-1942
    10. Finnish Relief Fund, 1939-1946
    11. First Aid for Hungary, 1956-1957
    12. National Committee on Food for Small Democracies, 1940-1942
    13. Paderewski Testimonial Fund, 1941-1959
    14. President's Research Committee on Social Trends, 1929-1932
    15. Red Cross. U.S. American National Red Cross, 1917-1921
    16. Stanford University. Food Research Institute, 1919-1955
    17. U.S. American Relief Administration, European Operations, 1919-1923
    18. U.S. American Relief Administration, Russian Operations, 1921-1923
    19. U.S. Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch of the Government, 1947-1949 and 1953-1955
    20. U.S. Food Administration, 1916-1919
    21. U.S. Fuel Administration, 1916-1919
    22. U.S. National Industrial Conference, 1st, Washington, D.C., 1919
    23. U.S. National Industrial Conference, 2nd, Washington, D.C., 1919-1920
    24. U.S. President's Conference on Home Building and Home Ownership, Washington, D.C., 1931
    25. U.S. President's Famine Emergency Committee, 1946-1947
    26. White House Conference on Child Health and Protection, Washington, D.C., 1930
    The papers of friends, associates, and relatives of Herbert Hoover are accessioned as individual collections under their own names and include the following:
    1. Adams, Ephraim D.
    2. Allen, Benjamin S.
    3. Allen, Ronald
    4. Arnold, Ralph
    5. Axentieff, N.
    6. Babb, Nancy
    7. Bailey, H.S.
    8. Baker, Elizabeth N.
    9. Baker, George Barr
    10. Bane, Suda L.
    11. Barber, Alvin B.
    12. Barker, Burt Brown
    13. Barringer, Thomas C.
    14. Bayne, Joseph Breckinridge
    15. Bekeart, Laura H.
    16. Bell, James F.
    17. Blackwelder, Eliot
    18. Bland, Raymond L.
    19. Bliss, Tasker H.
    20. Brandt, Karl
    21. Brooks, Sidney
    22. Brown, Everett S.
    23. Brown, Hugh S.
    24. Brown, Walter Lyman
    25. Bruns, Armin R.
    26. Burr, Myron C.
    27. Caetani, Gelasio Benedetto Anatolio
    28. Carroll, Philip H.
    29. Chadbourn, Philip H. and William H.
    30. Chatfield, Frederick H.
    31. Childs, James R.
    32. Christol, Carl Q.
    33. Clark, Birge M.
    34. Cleveland, Maude
    35. Collins, James Hiram
    36. Colton, Ethan T.
    37. Cooper, Merian C.
    38. Cotner, Robert A.
    39. Crandall, Berton W.
    40. Cripe, Harry E.
    41. Crispell, Reuben B.
    42. Curtis, Charles
    43. Darling, Jay Norwood
    44. Davis, Joseph S.
    45. Dickenson, Thomas H.
    46. Dobson, Helen Cutter
    47. Dolan, John A.
    48. Dyer, Susan L.
    49. Egbert, Edward H.
    50. Eloesser, Nina F.
    51. Emparan, Madie Brown
    52. Exton, Frederick
    53. Ferriere, Suzanne
    54. Fisher, Harold H.
    55. Fleming, Harold M.
    56. Fuller, Adaline W.
    57. Fuller, W. Parmer II
    58. Galpin, Perrin C.
    59. Gaskill, C.A.
    60. Gay, George I.
    61. Gibson, Hugh
    62. Golder, Frank A.
    63. Goldsmith, Alan G.
    64. Good, James W.
    65. Goodyear, A. Conger
    66. Green, Joseph C.
    67. Gregory, Thomas T.C.
    68. Gugenheim, Alice A.
    69. Hall, Charles L.
    70. Hall, William Chapman
    71. Hamilton, Minard
    72. Hartigan, John D.
    73. Hatfield, Mark O.
    74. Haws, R. Calvert
    75. Healy, James A.
    76. Henry, Charles D.
    77. Henry, John M.
    78. Herrington, Dorothy
    79. Hilton, Edna M.
    80. Hinshaw, David
    81. Holden, Frank H.
    82. Holman, Emile
    83. Hoover, Hulda Randall Minthorn
    84. Hoover, Lou Henry
    85. Hoover, Mildred Crew Brooke
    86. Hoover, Theodore J.
    87. Howe, Esther B.
    88. Hruska, Roman L.
    89. Huber, Johann Heinrich
    90. Hudson, Ray M.
    91. Huenergardt, Mrs. John F.
    92. Hunt, Edward Eyre
    93. Hutchinson, Lincoln
    94. Irwin, William H.
    95. Isabelle, Reno
    96. Jacobs, John F. de
    97. Jacobs-Pauwels, F. Marguerite
    98. Jessey, Joseph
    99. Johnson, George S.
    100. Jones, Warren Arnold
    101. Jordan, David Starr
    102. Kelland, Clarence B.
    103. Kellogg, Charlotte H.
    104. Kellogg, R. H.
    105. Kellogg, Vernon Lyman
    106. Kershner, Howard
    107. Kirby, Gustavus T.
    108. Kirwan, J.W.
    109. Kittredge, Mabel Hyde
    110. Kittredge, Tracy B.
    111. Klein, Julius
    112. Lapteff, Alexis V.
    113. Large, Jean Henry
    114. Leavitt, May Hoover
    115. Lusk, Graham
    116. Lykes, Gibbes
    117. Lyle, Annie G.
    118. MacLafferty, James H.
    119. MacRae, Lillian Mae
    120. Mason, Frank E.
    121. McCormick, Chauncey
    122. McLean, Hulda Brooke Hoover
    123. McMullin, Dare Stark
    124. Merritt, Ralph P.
    125. Merritt, Walle W.
    126. Miller, Bernice
    127. Moley, Raymond
    128. Munro, Dana C.
    129. Murphy, Merle Farmer
    130. Murray, Augustus T.
    131. Myers, William Starr
    132. Nelson, David T.
    133. Newsom, John F.
    134. Orbison, Thomas J.
    135. Paradise, Scott Hurtt
    136. Patterson, David S.
    137. Pennington, Levi T.
    138. Pier, H.W.
    139. Platt, Phillip S.
    140. Poland, William B.
    141. Potter, Mrs. W. T.
    142. Requa, Mark L.
    143. Richardson, Gardner
    144. Ringland, Arthur C.
    145. Robinson, Henry M.
    146. Rodgers, Marvin
    147. Rogers, James Grafton
    148. Rosenbluth, Robert
    149. Russell, Tom
    150. Sabine, Edward G.
    151. See, Elizabeth M.
    152. Seward, Samuel S.
    153. Shelton, Frederick D.
    154. Sherwell, G. Butler
    155. Simmons, Robert G.
    156. Slaughter, Moses Stephen
    157. Smith, Henry B.
    158. Smith, Robinson
    159. Snell, Jane
    160. Snook, Mrs. John
    161. Snyder, Frederic S.
    162. Sprague, Joe S.
    163. Stader, James A.
    164. Starr, Walter A.
    165. Stephens, Frederick Dorsey
    166. Stilson, Fielding J.
    167. Stockton, Gilchrist B.
    168. Strauss, Lewis L.
    169. Strench, Mary Minthorn
    170. Sullivan, Mark
    171. Surface, Frank M.
    172. Taylor, Alonzo E.
    173. Terman, Lewis M.
    174. Thane, Mrs. J.E.
    175. Thomas, Mrs. Jerome B.
    176. Thurston, E. Coppee
    177. Treat, Payson J.
    178. Tuck, William Hallam
    179. Upman, Frank
    180. White, William L.
    181. White, Helen Hartley Greene
    182. Whitlock, Brand
    183. Wilbur, Ray Lyman
    184. Williams, Thomas
    185. Willis, Edward F.
    186. Wilson, Carol Green
    187. Withington, Robert
    188. Wolfe, Henry C.
    189. Work, Hubert
    190. Znamiecki, Alexander
    191. Zolin, Fred H.
    Detailed descriptions of both the organizational records and personal papers listed above may be found in Guide to the Hoover Institution Archives (Hoover Institution Press, 1980) by Charles G. Palm and Dale Reed. These materials as well as the Herbert Hoover Collection may be examined in the archives' reading room in the Herbert Hoover Memorial Building (courtyard level) of the Hoover Institution at Stanford University. A limited number of photocopies may be purchased; a reproduction price list and policy statement are available on request. Inquiries should be addressed to the archivist.

    Biographical Note

    1874 Born, August 10, West Branch, Iowa
    1895 A.B., Geology, Stanford University
    1897-1914 International mining engineer
    1899 Married Lou Henry (1874-1944)
    1912-1962 Trustee, Stanford University
    1914 Chairman, American Relief Committee

    Received first gold medal of the Mining and Metallurgical Society of America
    1914-1916 Vice-president, American Institute of Mining Engineers
    1914-1920 Chairman, Commission for Relief in Belgium
    1917-1920 Administrator, United States Food Administration
    1918-1919 Alternating chairman, Inter-Allied Food Council

    Director-general, Relief for the Allied and Associated Powers

    Member, President's Committee of Economic Advisers, Paris Peace Conference
    1919-1923 Director-general, American Relief Administration
    1919 Founder, Hoover War Collection (later called the Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace), Stanford University
    1919-1920 Vice-chairman, President's Industrial Conference
    1921 Member, Advisory Committee, Limitation of Armaments Conference
    1921-1923 Director, Russian Famine Relief
    1921-1928 Secretary of Commerce of the United States

    Chairman, Colorado River Commission
    1922 Chairman, President's Conference on Unemployment
    1922-1925 Chairman, National Radio Conferences
    1922-1926 Chairman, Annual Aviation Conferences
    1922-1927 Member, World War Foreign Debt Commission
    1923-1938 Chairman, Rio Grande River Commission
    1924-1928 Member, Federal Oil Conservation Board
    1924-1928 Chairman, Committee on Coordination of Rail and Water Facilities

    Chairman, National Conferences on Street and Highway Safety

    Chairman, St. Lawrence Waterway Commission
    1926 Member, Cabinet Committee on Reorganization of Government Departments
    1927 Director, Mississippi Flood Relief
    1929-1933 President of the United States
    1936-1964 Chairman, Boys' Clubs of America
    1939-1940 Founder, Finnish Relief Fund
    1940-1942 Chairman, Committee on Food for the Small Democracies
    1946 Initiator (through General William H. Haskell), CARE
    1946-1947 Cofounder, UNICEF

    Coordinator, food supply for thirty-eight nations in the world famine of 1946-1947

    1947 Head, special mission to investigate the economy of Germany and Austria at the request of President Truman
    1947-1949 Chairman, Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch of the Government
    1953-1955 Chairman, Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch of the Government
    1954 Chairman, mission to Germany at the request of President Eisenhower and Chancellor Adenauer
    1956-1957 Honorary chairman, First Aid to Hungary
    1958 United States Representative, World's Fair, Brussels
    1962 Recipient of gold medal, Stanford University, fifty years as Trustee
    1964 Unanimous Resolution of Appreciation, United States Congress (third such resolution during his lifetime)

    Died, October 20, New York City

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Hoover, Herbert, 1874-1964.
    International relief.
    Moving-pictures.
    Phonorecords.
    Phonotapes.
    United States--Politics and government--1929-1933.
    United States--Politics and government--20th century.
    Video tapes.
    World War, 1914-1918--Civilian relief.
    World War, 1939-1945--Civilian relief.