Inventory of the French Clandestine Slave Trade Records, ca. 1822-1828
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Inventory of the French Clandestine Slave Trade Records, ca. 1822-1828The Huntington Library
San Marino, California
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Title: French Clandestine Slave Trade Records,
Date (inclusive): ca. 1822-1828
Extent: 106 pieces; There are 38 letters, 63 documents, and five volumes, one of which is the captain's letterbook.
Repository: The Huntington Library
San Marino, California 91108
The collection was acquired from John Howell September 18, 1958.
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[Identification of item], French Clandestine Slave Trade Papers, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.
The French Clandestine Slave Trade Papers contain the original French Documents relating to a Negro trade expedition undertaken by the French ship Le Jeune Louis. The trip extended from Nantes to the coast of Nigeria, from there to Havana and back to Flushing.
All of the papers pertain directly to the slave ships equipment, the crew, salaries, merchandise, accounts, passports, bills of health, and an insurance policy. The actual purchase of the slaves, their prices and negotiations with Negro Kings is discussed in one of the journals and other papers. There are records of suicides and deaths. Information regarding the precautions taken to veil the true nature of the expedition is included. The record of the voyage extends from November, 1824 through October 4, 1825.
Jean-Baptiste Menard was the Captain of the Jeune Louis and was apparently experienced in the slave trade. He died April 24, 1825. Bejaud, the ship's surgeon, took command of the cargo after the death of Menard. But he died shortly after on May 5, 1825. Francois Demouy was then third in command of the vessel and finished the voyage to Havana and finally to Antwerp. Francois Fernandez appears to be the chief investor in the operation with offices in Bordeaux. Jean Donnet was the shipper's agent in Antwerp.
All of the original French documents relate to a Negro trade expedtition undertaken by the French ship Le Jeune Louis.