Inventory of the David E. Hughes Papers, 1880-1942 (bulk 1920-1935)

Processed by the Water Resources Collections and Archives staff; machine-readable finding aid created by James Ryan
Water Resources Collections and Archives
Orbach Science Library, Room 118
PO Box 5900
University of California, Riverside
Riverside, CA 92517-5900
Phone: (951) 827-2934
Fax: (951) 827-6378
Email: waterarc@ucr.edu
URL: http://library.ucr.edu/wrca
© 1999
The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

Inventory of the David E. Hughes Papers, 1880-1942 (bulk 1920-1935)

Collection number: MS 77/1

Water Resources Collections and Archives



University of California, Riverside

Riverside, California

Contact Information:

  • Water Resources Collections and Archives
  • Orbach Science Library, Room 118
  • PO Box 5900
  • University of California, Riverside
  • Riverside, CA 92517-5900
  • Phone: (951) 827-2934
  • Fax: (951) 827-6378
  • Email: waterarc@ucr.edu
  • URL: http://library.ucr.edu/wrca
Processed by:
Water Resources Collections and Archives staff
Date Completed:
January 1978
Encoded by:
James Ryan
© 1999 The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: David E. Hughes Papers,
Date (inclusive): 1880-1942 (bulk 1920-1935)
Collection number: MS 77/1
Creator: Hughes, David Edward, 1861-1942
Extent: 2 linear ft. (4 boxes)
Repository: Water Resources Collections and Archives
Riverside, CA 92517-5900
Shelf location: This collection is stored off-campus at NRLF. Please contact the Water Resources Collections and Archives staff for access to the materials.
Language: English.

Administrative Information

Access

Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to the Water Resources Collections and Archives. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Head of Archives. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Water Resources Collections and Archives as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], David E. Hughes Papers, MS 77/1, Water Resources Collections and Archives, University of California, Riverside.

Access Points

United States. Army. Corps of Engineers. Los Angeles District.
Shore protection --California
Tide-waters --Law and legislation --California
Tide-waters --Law and legislation --United States
Submerged lands --Law and legislation --California
San Pedro Harbor (Calif.)
Los Angeles Harbor (Calif.)
Long Beach Harbor (Calif.)
Los Angeles River (Calif.)
Newport Bay (Calif.)
San Diego Harbor (Calif.)

Biographical Information

David Edward Hughes was born on September 21, 1861 at Palmyra, Ohio, the son of Evan and Ann Johns Hughes. His youth was spent in that locality attending school, farming for his widowed mother, and working in sandstone quarries. At the age of sixteen he moved to Dunigan in Northern California.
He was largely self-educated, devoting every spare moment to study in both medicine and engineering. He taught in country schools and at Pierce College, College City, California, and, although still in his early twenties, became a professor of mathematics. Hughes was one of the finest applied mathematicians of his generation. He evolved, calculated, and published a table on the perfect transition ("Sickle") curve, or American spiral, which was used on the construction of the Chicago elevated railroad, as well as on other projects.
In 1893, he accepted employment with the U.S. Engineer Department, remaining with that service until his retirement in 1932. His first work for the War Department was on the improvement of Humboldt Bay, California, stabilizing the entrance by jetty construction. In 1902 he was transferred to the newly created Los Angeles Engineer District and, for the following thirty years, was its ranking civilian engineer. He built jetties and fortifications at San Diego, Calif., and breakwaters and fortifications for Los Angeles-Long Beach Harbor. For a year he served as engineer for a board appointed by President Taft to determine the site and the design for San Carlos Dam, later Coolidge Dam, in Arizona. His was the guiding hand in the establishment of federal harbor lines along the Southern California coast. These lines determined the development of the harbors.
Hughes investigated tideland law and ownership and became an authority on the subject. Typically, he urged and aided in the litigation that restored the local tidelands to the people and resulted in municipally owned harbors. He experimented and wrote on surge and seiche. He evolved the idea of substitution of waste dredging for the costly stone in the strengthening of breakwaters, and the vast chain at San Pedro, or Los Angeles, Harbor, built from this design is a monument to him.
Hughes was married to Lydia Wiklund in 1913 at Florence, Arizona. He was elected a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers on September 6, 1905. He died on November 19, 1942.
Excerpted from: Transactions of the American Society of Civil Engineers, v. 109 (1944), p. 1495-1497.

Scope and Content

Correspondence and reports pertaining to Los Angeles Harbor, San Pedro Harbor, Long Beach Harbor, Los Angeles River, Newport Bay, San Diego Harbor, Santa Monica breakwater, and the Point Fermin landslide (1929). Includes materials on tides and boundaries.
The collection was given to the Water Resources Collections and Archives in March 1977 by Richard O. Eaton, of Sun City, Arizona. Mr. Eaton worked with Hughes at the office of the Los Angeles District of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.

 

Early Surveys and Property Line Arguments, Los Angeles Harbor; Tidal Phenomena; Los Angeles-Long Beach Breakwaters; Political Problems

Box 1, item 1

Hughes, D. E.

 

Random notes on lands and tides. [n.d.]

Physical Description: 9 leaves
item 2

Norway, W. H.

 

Field notes of the Mormon Island lines of Township 5 South, Range 13 West, San Bernardino Meridian, California. 1880

Physical Description: 6 leaves
item 3

Hughes, D. E.

 

[Extracts from legal proceedings: City of Los Angeles vs. Borax Consolidated, Ltd., January 14, 1935; The People vs. Banning Company, n.d.; DeGuyer vs. William Banning, 1881?]

item 4

Hughes, D. E.

 

Traverse on Mormon Island. October 31, 1899

Physical Description: 8 leaves
item 5

Hughes, D. E.

 

[Correspondence and extracts of correspondence re Mormon Island]. 1908-1937

item 6

Hughes, D. E.

 

Retrospection [re Mormon Island]. April 10, 1929.

Physical Description: 4 leaves
item 7

Hughes, D. E.

 

Memorandum on resurvey of Mormon Island. July 4. 1916.

Physical Description: 14 leaves, Includes handwritten addenda dated May 26, 1930.
item 8

Hughes, D. E.

 

Note on ordinary high water mark. Oct. 14, 1935

Physical Description: 4 leaves
item 8.5

Hughes, D. E.

 

"Now what did Hughes testify or write or say about datum and high water?" [1930-1936?]

Physical Description: 6 leaves, holograph
item 9

Hughes, D. E.

 

[Handwritten notes re Mormon Island, Wilmington Harbor tides]. 1936

item 12.5

Hughes, D. E.

 

The City of Los Angeles, respondent, v. San Pedro, Los Angeles & Salt Lake Railroad Co., appellant. Apr. 8, 1920.

Physical Description: 14 leaves
item 14

Hughes, D. E.

 

History of the inner Bay of San Pedro, California, bearing upon the ownership thereof, together with the author's views on the right of retaining it entire for general federal and public uses. 1908 24 leaves

item 15

Hughes, D. E.

 

On navigability of San Pedro Inner Harbor. June 11, 1908.

Physical Description: 10 leaves
item 16

Hughes, D. E.

 

Letters, 1908 August 6 and August 11, to Joseph H. Call, Los Angeles, Calif. [re Inner Bay of San Pedro and boundary of Rancho Dan Pedro]. 1908

Physical Description: 8 leaves
item 17

Hughes, D. E.

 

[Memorandum re harbor line surveys and titles to shorelines and islands of San Pedro Bay.] Nov. 30, 1915.

Physical Description: 44 leaves, Includes supplements dated Sept. 21, 1930 and July 25, 1938.
item 17.5

Hughes, D. E.

 

United States Harbor Lines for Inner and Outer Harbors, San Pedro, Calif. July 29, 1908

item 18

Hughes, D. E.

 

Memorandum of survey for Los Angeles Harbor fortifications. July 4, 1917

Physical Description: 16 leaves
item 19

Hughes, D. E.

 

Letter, 1921 September 18, to John Doe, et. al., Long Beach, Calif. [Re "ordinary high tide" as limit of navigable water and claims of Long Beach to former tide and submerged lands in the San Pedro and Los Cerritos grants]. 1921

Physical Description: 9 leaves
item 20

Hughes, D. E.

 

Random remarks [advising against early breakwater extension]. Jan. 14, 1923

Physical Description: 14 leaves
item 21

Hughes, D. E.

 

Comment [re San Pedro Chamber of Commerce report on extension of breakwater]. Sept. 27, 1923

Physical Description: 5 leaves
item 22

Hughes, D. E.

 

Notes as to location and width of channel in front of San Pedro. July 2, 1924.

Physical Description: 3 leaves
item 23

Hughes, D. E.

 

About the "vara." 1925

Physical Description: 2 leaves
item 24

Hughes, D. E.

 

Timorous commentary from first impressions on reading proposed bill for unification of harbor control. Feb. 15, 1925

Physical Description: 6 leaves, Includes copy of proposed bill.
item 25

Hughes, D. E.

 

Memoranda [sic] on conditions attached to breakwater construction. Mar. 21, 1925

Physical Description: 2 leaves
item 26

Hughes, D. E.

 

Memorandum on Reservation Point [re channel widening, dredging, Deadman's Island]. Sept. 21, 1925

Physical Description: 10 leaves
item 26.5

Hughes, D. E.

 

Letter, 1925 October 4, to "Any who may care to read" [re "east basin" Los Angeles Harbor]. 1925

Physical Description: 6 leaves
item 28

Hughes, D. E.

 

Memo, U.S. Public Land Survey of Deadman's Island "along ordinary high water mark" by Thompson in 1868. Nov. 16, 1925

Physical Description: 1 leaf, holograph
item 29

Hughes, D. E.

 

S.W. Corner sec. 19 [re mistake by Stevenson in survey of San Pedro area in 1885]. Dec. 21, 1925

Physical Description: 1 leaf
item 30

Hughes, D. E.

 

Letter, 1926 April 4, to Mr. Hale [re Lecouvereur's survey of 1870]. 1926

Physical Description: 2 leaves
item 31

Hughes, D. E.

 

Views on breakwater conditions. Mar. 27, 1927

Physical Description: 10 leaves
item 33

Hughes, D. E.

 

Views of breakwater conditions. Mar. 17, 1928

Physical Description: 16 leaves and supplement
Box 2, item 37.5

Hughes, D. E.

 

Union Pacific Railroad appendices nos. 1 to 6 inc. by D.E. Hughes, Civil Engineer [re San Pedro Bay, Los Angeles Harbor; physical history, history of ownership, surveys, high water marks, bench marks]. Feb. 1936

Physical Description: ca. 150 leaves
item 38

Hughes, D. E.

 

Notes on high water mark. Jan. 5, 1936

Physical Description: 7 leaves
item 38.5

Hughes, D. E.

 

Letter, 1937 June 24, to Easton [re legal aspects]. 1937

Physical Description: 4 leaves
item 39

Hughes, D. E.

 

Letter, 1937 November 16, to A. L. Sonderegger, Los Angeles, Calif. [re East Jetty, Deadman's Island]. 1937

Physical Description: 3 leaves
item 40

Hughes, D. E.

 

Recollections, pertaining to the southerly portion of Los Cerritos Rancho, derived from observations, readings and hear-says; and of contemplation for Nature's work in the vicinity; and interference by works of man; also a Surveyor's thoughts of acquired status of land titles... Nov. 29, 1937

Physical Description: 41 leaves
item 41

Hughes, D. E.

 

ABC's [re tides inside and outside harbors]. Dec. 9, 1937

Physical Description: 7 leaves
item 42

Hughes, D. E.

 

Letter, 1937 December 25, to Major Theodore Wyman Jr., Los Angeles, Calif. [re harbor lines desired by Long Beach]. 1937

Physical Description: 12 leaves
item 42.5

Hughes, D. E.

 

Additional coordinates, etc. for harborline map [Long Beach inner harbor]. [n.d.].

Physical Description: 3 leaves
item 43

Hughes, D. E.

 

Letter, 1938 January 25, to U. S. Engineer Office, Los Angeles, Calf. [re Long Beach harbor mouth]. 1938

Physical Description: 11 leaves
item 44

Hughes, D. E.

 

Reproduced picture and rehashed remarks [re Los Angeles River and San Gabriel River mouths]. Feb. 27, 1938

Physical Description: 6 leaves, holograph
item 45

Hughes, D. E.

 

Channel and harbor lines between LaGoleta and Timms Point in San Pedro. May 6, 1938

Physical Description: 12 leaves
item 46

Hughes, D. E.

 

Last squawk [re height of ordinary high water in the state of nature near Long Beach pre-1896]. June 30, 1938

Physical Description: 10 leaves
item 47

Hughes, D. E.

 

Memorandum [re partition lines between Los Cerritos and San Pedro Ranchos]. Sept. 20, 1938

Physical Description: 8 leaves
item 48

Hughes, D. E.

 

Was the San Gabriel River and any of its branches navigable in the state of nature? Nov. 22, 1938

Physical Description: 19 leaves
item 49

Hughes, D. E.

 

[Los Cerritos Rancho meander lines along its southerly boundary]. Mar. 1, 1939

Physical Description: 19 leaves
item 50

Hughes, D. E.

 

[Ocean shore of Terminal Island between city limits and entrance to Long Beach inner harbor]. Aug. 25, 1939

Physical Description: 18 leaves
item 50.5

Sonderegger, S. L.

 

Shore line of easterly portion of Terminal Island and mouth of old San Gabriel River [map]. Dec. 1905.

item 51

Hughes, D. E.

 

[Notes re the Bates (?) report on early surveys]. Sept. 1 and 9, 1939

Physical Description: 37 leaves
item 52

Hughes, D. E.

 

Partition between San Pedro and Nieto grants as seen by the man in the moon. Sept. 9, 1939

Physical Description: 37 leaves
item 53

Hughes, D. E.

 

Los Cerritos B San Pedro patent common boundary. Oct. 4, 1939

Physical Description: 4 leaves, holograph
item 54

Hughes, D. E.

 

[Miscellaneous: patents, correspondence, maps, notes, re early surveys and property line problems; Los Angeles Harbor, San Pedro breakwater controversy]. 1887-1938

item 54.5

Hughes, D. E.

 

Terminal Island, Calif. Apr. 1941.

Physical Description: 14 leaves
 

Diversion of Los Angeles River from Los Angeles-Long Beach Harbors

Box 2, item 55

Hughes, D. E.

 

Memoranda. 1914-1920

Physical Description: Contents: no. 1. Diversion of silt from Los Angeles Harbor. Dec. 22, 1914 (23 leaves) -- no. 7. [Untitled]. Mar. 24, 1915 (17 leaves) -- no. 9. Flood control. Sept. 5, 1915 (13 leaves) -- no. 16. [Untitled]. Feb. 11, 1917 (4 leaves) -- no. 22. [Untitled]. May 20, 1919 (13 leaves) -- no. 25. [Untitled]. Sept. 19, 1919 (21 leaves) -- no. 34. [Untitled]. Nov. 11, 1920 (8 leaves).
Box 3, item 56

Hughes, D. E.

 

[Discussion and estimates on river diversion along different routes and different grades, based on topographic map and recent profiles, furnished by Mr. Reagan, County Engineer]. 1916

Physical Description: 40 leaves, holograph
item 57

Hughes, D. E.

 

Reminiscences on breaking ground for harbor protection work. Oct. 27, 1919

Physical Description: 4 leaves
item 58

Hughes, D. E.

 

[Correspondence, re flood control and Los Angeles River]. 1917-1938

item 59

Hughes, D. E.

 

[Miscellaneous notes, maps, re silt diversion]. 1919

 

Santa Monica Breakwater

Box 3, item 60

Hughes, D. E.

 

[Letter report addressed to Board of Commissions of the City of Santa Monica re breakwater under contract for construction. Recommends change in contract, substitution of random stone]. Apr. 13, 1933

Physical Description: 8 leaves
item 61

Hughes, D. E.

 

[Correspondence re Santa Monica breakwater]. 1933-1934

 

Point Fermin Landslide

Box 3, item 62

Hughes, D. E.

 

Data pertaining to the Point Firmin [sic] land slide. Aug. 31, 1929

Physical Description: Includes the report of F.L. Ransome on geological conditions near Point Fermin; maps, graphs, drilling logs.
item 63

Arnold, Ralph, Malcolm H. Bissell, and William J. Miller

 

Report on the Point Fermin landslide, San Pedro, California. Aug. 28, 1929

Physical Description: 9 leaves
item 64

Hughes, D. E.

 

[Correspondence re the landslide]. July-Oct. 1929

 

Los Angeles County Sewer Outfall

Box 3, item 65

Hughes, D. E.

 

[Correspondence re Los Angeles County "Whites Point Sewer Outfall" controversy]. 1925-1934

 

Newport Bay, California

Box 3, item 66

Hughes, D. E.

 

Memorandum [re proposed improvement of entrance to Newport Bay]. Feb. 3, 1924

Physical Description: 28 leaves
item 67

Beach, Lansing H.

 

Newport Bay, Calif. preliminary report. Mar. 14, 1925

Physical Description: 50 leaves
item 68

Beach, Lansing H.

 

Orange County Harbor Commission report to the Board of Supervisors. Apr. 14, 1925

Physical Description: 13 leaves
 

San Diego and Vicinity

Box 3, item 69

Hughes, D. E.

 

Memorandum on proposed revisions of San Diego Harbor lines. Sept. 15, 1911

Physical Description: 13 leaves
item 70

Hughes, D. E.

 

Memorandum on reservation for dike in Pueblo lot 219. July 6, 1926

Physical Description: 3 leaves
item 71

Hughes, D. E.

 

Pertaining to False Bay [re San Diego River delta in False Bay, course of the river and title to tidelands, in litigation as State vs. City of San Diego]. July 28, 1939-Aug. 20, 1939

Physical Description: 27 leaves
item 72

Hughes, D. E.

 

[Correspondence and letter reports re Coronado sea wall; San Diego Harbor; proposed LaJolla breakwater]. 1905-1935

 

Miscellaneous

Box 4, item 73

Hughes, D. E.

 

[Correspondence re concrete in seawater]. 1903-1932

item 74

Hughes, D. E.

 

[Correspondence; notes; reprint of Hughes' article "The Sickle, or perfect railway curve," from Transactions of the Technical Society of the Pacific Coast, vol. IX, no. 3, Apr. 1892, p. 63-81.; notes re lemniscate and cubic parabola]. 1920-1942

item 75

Hughes, D. E.

 

[Correspondence and notes re stone specification]. 1903-1917

item 76

Hughes, D. E.

 

[Correspondence, memos, and sketches re breakwater design]. 1908-1938

item 77

Hughes, D. E.

 

[Correspondence re surge]. 1922

item 78

Hughes, D. E.

 

[Correspondence and memo re rangefinder]. 1903-1917

item 79

Hughes, D. E.

 

[Miscellaneous correspondence re papers by colleagues; proposal for a submarine detector; engine vibration in dredge "Seattle"; mathematical puzzles]. 1916-1942

item 81

Hughes, D. E.

 

[Unidentified coordinates]

item 82

Hughes, D. E.

 

[Miscellaneous materials pertaining to Rancho Los Cerritos]. 1856-1890

item 83

Hughes, D. E.

 

[Miscellaneous materials pertaining to Rancho Los Palos Verdes]. 1856