Finding Aid to the José Marcos Mugarrieta Papers, [ca. 1837-1886]

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This finding aid has been filmed for the National Inventory of Documentary Sources in the United States (Chadwyck-Healey Inc.)


History --History, North America (excluding USA) --History, Mexico History --History, California --General Geographical (By Place) --California --Bay Area

Finding Aid to the José Marcos Mugarrieta Papers, [ca. 1837-1886]

Collection number: BANC MSS 69/93 m

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, California

Contact Information:

Processed by:
The Bancroft Library staff
Date Completed:
ca. 1969
Encoded by:
Charlotte Gerstein
© 1997 The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

Collection Summary

Collection Title: José Marcos Mugarrieta Papers,
Date (inclusive): ca. 1837-1886
Collection Number: BANC MSS 69/93 m
Creator: Mugarrieta, José Marcos, 1822-1886
Extent: Number of containers: 8 boxes and 1 oversize folder
Repository: The Bancroft Library
Berkeley, California 94720-6000
Physical Location: For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.
Abstract: Correspondence, passports, army orders, accounts, certificates of appointments, fragments of diaries, mainly relating to his military career in Mexico and to his activities as Mexican consul in San Francisco, 1859-1863. Also included: ship manifests with related papers, copies of documents relating to Baja California, tracings of lands of the Santa Barbara mission, an espediente for Rincon de San Francisquito, and some papers pertaining to the American conquest of California.
Languages Represented: Collection materials are in Spanish

Information for Researchers


Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to The Bancroft Library. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Head of Public Services. Permission for publication is given on behalf of The Bancroft Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], José Marcos Mugarrieta Papers, BANC MSS 69/93 m, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

Materials Cataloged Separately

  • Printed items in the collection (miscellaneous pamphlets, periodicals and broadsides) have been removed and cataloged separately under the call number
    Identifier/Call Number: xF1203 M8.
  • A portrait has been removed to the Portrait Collection.

Administrative Information

Acquisition Information

The papers were purchased for the Library by the Friends of The Bancroft Library in February 1969. A small body of additional material was given by Wellman Topham on February 13, 1970.

Biographical Sketch

José Marcos Mugarrieta, prior to his term as Mexican consul in San Francisco, 1857-1863, served in the Mexican army from 1837. He saw action in numerous battles and campaigns -Jamaica, under General Canalizo in 1841; Campeche, 1842-1843; Merida, 1843; Veracruz, 1845; Mexico City, 1846; Angostura and Cerro-gordo, 1847; Guanajuato, 1848, and Sierra-Gorda under Bustamante, 1848-1849; and Matamoros, 1849-1850. He directed the Sierra-Gorda colonies until ordered by General Mariano Arista, then Minister of War, to return to Mexico via New Orleans and Veracruz, reporting on activities there. Arista retained him in his service until January 1, 1851. Mugarrieta then became private secretary to Manuel Robles, who succeeded Arista as Minister of War. In October 1851, Mugarrieta, aide-de-camp to General López Uraga, traveled to the northern frontier, and accompanied the general on a reconnaissance trip in January 1852 from Brownsville, Texas to Washington, New York, and Havana, coming back to Mexico to resume his position as secretary to the Minister of War. In this capacity, he attended Robles on an official visit to the principal points of the Gulf of Mexico. In November 1852, Mugarrieta was appointed aide to Arista, who was then President. When Arista fell from power in 1853, he chose Mugarrieta as official secretary and translator. Mugarrieta then left with the former president for exile in England in April 1853, returning to Mexico in September of that year. At Arista's request, Mugarrieta sailed for Europe in the fall of 1855, but before he arrived, learned of Arista's death. He completed his journey, settled the estate, and came back to Mexico with Arista's heart.
In April 1857 Mugarrieta received an appointment from the Comonfort government for the consulship in San Francisco. He did not actually begin his new duties until September 1, 1859, due to illness and to the political situation in Mexico. Once an established consul, Mugarrieta directed Mexican patriotic society activities in California, and was involved in Baja California affairs. In the fall of 1863, he was replaced by Manuel E. Rodríguez as consul. According to Mrs. Mugarrieta, the reason for her husband's dismissal was his refusal to help General Plácido Vega in his quest for weapons, ammunition and supplies for Mexico in 1863. It was expressly forbidden to export weapons during the American Civil War, but Vega, angered by Mugarrieta's refusal, managed to oust him and have him replaced by Rodríguez. Mugarrieta, who never received his full pay, not even a travel allowance to return to Mexico, remained in San Francisco, broken in health, working as a Spanish instructor and translator. He died on June 14, 1886.

Scope and Content

This collection, which reflects Mugarrieta's military and consular careers, contains many communications from military figures and from friends relating to the troubled times in Mexico; the strong patriotic movement of Mexican nationals in California; and events in Baja California. Manifests and related documents from American, Mexican and Colombian vessels also constitute a sizable group. The span of Papers is roughly from 1837 to 1886, the bulk being in the 1860s. A few early California documents are to be found in the collection, as well as tracings of California land papers, certificates of military appointments and awards and passports. Mugarrieta's outgoing letters from 1843 to 1878 are mainly rough drafts of an official nature, requesting various positions, protesting injustices of the military system, and reporting on consular activities.
A key to arrangement and a partial list of correspondents follow.

Key to Arrangement

Box 1

Mugarrieta, José Marcos: Outgoing letters, 1847-1878.


Arranged chronologically.
Boxes 2-4

Incoming letters


Arranged alphabetically. Single letters have been placed in miscellanies preceding each letter of the alphabet.
Box 5

Diary concerning Mugarrieta's departure with Arista for England. 1853


Fragments of diaries and autobiographical notes, 1841-1853

Scope and Content Note

Including portions of record of journey to England with Arista in 1853.

Papers relating to the settlement of Arista's estate, 1855-1856

Scope and Content Note

Including opinions concerning the will, accounts, lists of effects, etc.

Papers in suit against José Antonio Fontseré, 1856-1857

Scope and Content Note

Including copy of agreement between Fontseré and Ignacio Muñoz Campuzano, Nov. 1, 1856, statement by Mugarrieta, etc.

Miscellaneous military papers, 1845-1857

Scope and Content Note

Including hojas de servicio.

A register of official consular acts, 1859-1861.


Miscellaneous consular papers, 1858-1867

Scope and Content Note

Include forms used; various statements; signed petition protesting article in the Voz de Mexico, 1864; and signed petition to remove Godoy from office of Mexican consul in San Francisco, 1867; accounts, 1859-1863.

Material relating to Mexican patriotic societies in California, 1859-1869

Scope and Content Note

Including letters, minutes, membership lists, speeches, accounts, etc.
Box 6

Accounts of Mugarrieta, 1837-1878



Scope and Content Note

Anagrams, calling cards, death notices, invitations, etc.


Scope and Content Note

Including some articles by Mugarrieta and Godoy.

Records and company rolls found in the Mexican camp at battles of Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma, May 8-9, 1846

Scope and Content Note

Include letter from Bernardo Bonavía to Joaquín de Arredondo, Mar. 28, 1815, concerning Arredondo's request for aid for troops; draft of reply of Arredondo, Apr. 19, 1815, reporting on current battle with the Comanches and asking for more soldiers; letter by José Enrique Villareal to José B. G. de Lara, Aug. 15, 1826, concerning deserters; contemporary copies of documents relating to the arrival of and negotiations with the Cado Indians, in Nacagdoches, Aug.-Sept. 1827; and letter, Sept. 18, 1830, from José Francisco Robledo accompanying report on operations for the previous month.

Early California documents, 1845-1846, relating mainly to the American conquest.

Scope and Content Note

Include drafts of two letters by José Castro, July 13, 1846; letter from Louis Gasquet, July 17, 1846, to Pío Pico; letter from James Alexander Forbes to Pío Pico, July 24, 1846, enclosing original letter of George Seymour and translation; contemporary copy of letter by José Castro to the Commander of the U.S. naval fleet, Aug. 9, 1846; and two letters, 1845-1846, from the Mexican Ministry of Foreign Relations by Manuel de la Peña y Peña and Castillo y Lanzas to the Governor of California.

See also José Castro proclamation in oversize portfolio.

Copies of documents relating to Baja California and the extraction of salt, 1856-1860


Papers relating to the Antonio Gómez estate, 1861-1862


Correspondence and papers relating to Garland family property, 1864-1865

Scope and Content Note

Including letter and documents signed by F. Herron and letter from E. O. C. Ord.

Miscellaneous notes

Boxes 7-8

Material relating to ships


Arranged alphabetically by name of ship, then chronologically within each folder.

Scope and Content Note

Include ship's manifests, statements, etc., 1856-1863
Box 7

A - J

Box 8

L - Z

portfolio Oversize portfolio

José Castro proclamation, Aug. 9, 1846


Passports, mainly issued to Mugarrieta, 1846-1859

Scope and Content Note

Include signatures of Mora, Domingo Echegaray, Cosme Furlong, Lemos, Francisco Avalos, V. A. Camacho, Lúcas de Palacio y Magarola, Salcedo Morelos, Pedro C. Negrete, Rafael Cevallos, Manuel G. Publita and J. Álvarez

Certificates of military appointments and awards, 1843-1857

Scope and Content Note

With signatures of Valentín Canalizo, José María Tornel, Manuel Rincón, Manuel Enríquez, José Y. Correa, José Joaquín de Herrera, Pedro María Anaya, Matías de la Peña y Barras, Tranquilino de la Vega, Jesús de la Vega, Francisco de Paula Montero, Luis Galindo, Matías Royuela, Rafael Caro, Antonio López de Santa Anna, Manuel María Lombardini, Lúcas de Palacio y Magarola, Juan M. Durán, Agustín Reygada, P. Velez, Agustín Pardo y García, Juan A. Zambrano, Antonio de Palacio y Magarola, Tomás D. Gómez, Antonio Vizcaino, Alcorta, Ignacio Falcón, Mariano Arista, Juan Agea, José L. Aragón, Manuel Riquelme, Pablo de la Barrera, Manuel Morales, Luis Arteaga, Ignacio Comonfort, Juan Soto, Angel Frías, Juan de D. Peza, José María Faras and Benito Quijano.

Land papers - tracings


1. Record by Pío Pico of sale of Mission Santa Barbara lands to R. S. Den, June 10, 1846


2. Espediente for Rincón de San Francisquito, 1841

Partial List of Correspondents


Agea, Juan


3 letters, 1849-1852, concerning military matters.

See also certificates in oversize portfolio.


Ahumada, José María


36 letters, 1860-1863

Additional Note

Early letters from Mazatlán. Some relate to the sale of the bark Adelaide and to mutual acquaintances. Enclosure to letter of July 18, 1862: letter of C. Wilson; letters of Jan. 18 and Feb. 13, 1863, contain drafts of Mugarrieta's replies.

Alcerreca, Augustín


4 letters, 1846.

Additional Note

Some relate to military matters. Draft of Mugarrieta's reply attached to letter, August 23, 1846.

Alcorte, Lino José, 1787?-1854

See certificates in oversize portfolio.


Almada, Gregorio


2 letters, 1864.

Additional Note

One addressed to Félix Gibert.

Alva, Joaquín de


2 letters, 1843-1845


Álvarez, Diego, 1812-1899


7 letters, 1860-1868

Additional Note

Letter, Aug. 5, 1863, includes letter from Félix Franco and draft of Mugarrieta's reply. Letter, Aug. 2, 1861, describes battle of Temascaltepec.

Álvarez, Juan, 1790-1867


3 letters, 1859

Additional Note

Official communications written as general in charge of the southern division of the federal army.
See also 1859 passport in oversize portfolio.

Álvarez de la Rosa, Vicente


5 letters, 1861-1863

Additional Note

Mainly from Mazatlán. Letter, Oct. 17, 1861, contains information concerning Plácido de la Vega's whereabouts; letter, Feb. 12, 1862, describes the salt depredation on the Islas Marías by Capt. Poole of the Sarah Warren from San Francisco.

Amador, Gerónimo


19 letters, 1860

Additional Note

Written mainly as Jefe Político of Baja California. Some relate to salt deposits in Baja California. Many decrees and circulars also included.
See also Magaña Navarrete, Pedro.

Anaya, Pedro María de, 1794-1854

See Mexico. Ministerio de Guerra.

Additional Note

See also certificates in oversize portfolio.

Arellano, Felipe de


2 letters, 1862

Additional Note

Letter, Sept. 6, written as official of the Mazatlán customs. Letter, Nov. 7, states he has resigned from this position, having been appointed a representative to the Mexican Congress.

Arias, Juan de Dios, 1828-1886

See Mexico. Ministerio de relaciones esteriores.


Arista, Mariano, 1802-1855


9 letters, 1853.

Additional Note

Some written from London. Some are copies only. Included is copy of diary of events of May 10-11, concerning his departure from Havana.
See also certificates and appointments in oversize portfolio, and materials relating to him and to his estate in Box 5.

Arnabar, Cándido


2 letters, 1859-1861

Additional Note

1859 letter addressed to José Castro, his uncle. 1861 letter re Baja California frontier affairs.

Arrangoiz y Berzábal, Francisco de Paula, 1812?-1899

See Mexico. Consulate, New York


Arredondo, Joaquín de


Letter to Bonavía, Apr. 19, 1815

Additional Note

Draft. In Box 6.

Aspiroz, Manuel, 1836-1905


2 letters, 1873-1899.

Additional Note

1899 letter addressed to Mrs. Mugarrieta.

Ávalos, Francisco


4 letters, 1850-1852

Additional Note

One letter addressed to José López Uraga.
See also passport in oversize portfolio.

B Miscellany


Basave, Cayetano


Letter, Aug. 27, 1852


Banning, Phineas, 1830-1885


Telegram to Ira P. Rankin, Nov. 17, 1862

See also U.S. Customs Collector, San Diego.


Burton, Henry Stanton, 1818-1869


Letter, Mar. 14, 1863

Additional Note

With this, copy of a statement by Burton, July 22, 1861, concerning Baja California lands belonging to his wife.

Bachiller, Miguel


4 letters, 1849, concerning military matters.


Barron, William E.


3 letters, 1859

Additional Note

Some written as Mexican consul in San Francisco, prior to Mugarrieta.

Bonavía y Zapata, Bernardo


Letter, Mar. 28, 1815, to Joaquín de Arredondo.

Additional Note

In Box 6.

Buelna, J. Aniceto


4 letters, 1861-1862

Additional Note

Written from Hermosillo. Letter, Dec. 14, 1861, contains information on Plácido de la Vega, Ignacio Pesqueira and others.

Bustamante, Anastasio, Pres. Mexico, 1780-1853


5 letters, 1849-1851

Additional Note

1849 letters are of a military nature. Letter, Sept. 24, 1849, addressed to Col. Rojas.

Bustamante, Francisco


6 letters, 1860-1862

Additional Note

Letter, Nov. 27, 1861, contains draft of Mugarrieta's reply.

C Miscellany


Carrera, Martín, 1806-1871


Letter, Aug. 22, 1855


Castillo, Antonio del, 1820-1895


Letter, Mar. 3, 1861


Cervantes, Rafael


Letter, July 30, 1850


Colima, Mexico. Gobernador.


Letter, Mar. 11, 1862, by Salvador Brilunga, transmitting information concerning political exiles.


Correa, José Ignacio


Letter, Dec. 16, 1843

Additional Note

With draft of Mugarrieta's reply.

Curtis, N. Greene, 1826-1897


Letter, Jan. 26, 1863


Campo, Flavio M. del


3 letters, 1862

Additional Note

Letter, Nov. 11, contains draft of Mugarrieta's reply. Concerns prosecution of the murderer of Tadeo Valdés.
See also Curtis, N. Greene.

Canalizo, Valentín, 1794-1850

See certificates in oversize portfolio.


Castañeda, Jesús


6 letters, 1860-1863

Additional Note

Letter, Feb. 27, 1860, contains draft of Mugarrieta's reply.
See also Vega, Plácido.

Castillo y Lanzas, Joaquín María del, 1801-1878

See Mexico. Ministerio de Relaciones Esteriores


Castro, José, ca. 1810-1860


3 letters, 1846

Additional Note

In Box 6.
See also proclamation in oversize portfolio.

Cevallos, Rafael, 1805-1872

See passports in oversize portfolio.


Colombres, Joaquín, 1827-1897


2 letters, 1852-1860


Comonfort, Ignacio, 1812-1863

See certificates in oversize portfolio.


Contreras, José María


2 letters, 1839-1841

Additional Note

Official military communications.

Corwin, Thomas, 1794-1865


15 letters, 1862-1863

Additional Note

Some addressed to Mrs. Mugarrieta.

Cos, Francisco María


3 letters, 1854-1859

Additional Note

Enclosure to letter, Feb. 6, 1854: letter from S. Johnson, on verso of which is note concerning Johnson in Mugarrieta's handwriting.

Cosío, S.


2 letters, 1863

Additional Note

Letter, Jan. 3, concerns death of Lewis W. Parks; written while governor of Zacatecas.

Cota, Eustaquio


2 letters, 1861


Cota, Nicanor


2 letters, 1863

Additional Note

Written from La Paz. Letter, Apr. 6, contains latest news of war against the French.

D Miscellany


Díaz, Porfirio, 1830-1915


Letter, Oct. 22, 1889, addressed to Mrs. Mugarrieta


Doyle, Percy W.


Letter, May 3, 1853

Additional Note

Letter of introduction to J. H. Cameron for General Arista.

Dunne, E. F.


Letter, June 8, 1861, seeking information re the Isthmus of Tehuantepec and its sugar production.


Degollado, Santos, 1811-1861

See Mexico. Ministerio de Relaciones Esteriores


Doblado, Manuel, 1818-1865

See Mexico. Ministerio de Relaciones Esteriores


Echegaray, Domingo, 1803-1854

See passports in oversize portfolio.


Emparán, José de, 1814-1866

See Mexico. Ministerio de Relaciones Esteriores


Ensworth, A. S.


2 letters, 1860-1862, re cases of Rufus K. Porter and Philip Crosthwaite


Esperón, Joaquín A.


6 letters, 1862-1863

Additional Note

1862 letter written as governor of Oaxaca.

F Miscellany


Ferrera, José María


Letter, Jan. 16, 1844


Frías, Angel


Letter, Jan. 9, 1863

See also certificates in oversize portfolio.


Flores, Francisco G.


3 letters, 1859-1860

Additional Note

Some written while customs official at Mazatlán.

Forbes, James Alexander, 1804-1881


Letter to Pío Pico, July 24, 1846, enclosing letter from Sir George Seymour.

Additional Note

In Box 6.

Frank, Friedrich


2 letters, 1861-1863

Additional Note

In German. Re establishing an agricultural colony in Mexico.

Fuente, Juan Antonio de la, 1814-1867

See Mexico. Ministerio de Relaciones Esteriores


Furlong, Cosme, d. 1861

See passports in oversize portfolio.


G Miscellany


García, Encarnación


Letter, June 21, 1861

Additional Note

Mentions Plácido Vega

García Torres, Vicente, 1811-1894


Letter, Dec. 9, 1862


Garraleta, Joaquín


Letter, Apr. 26, 1849, requesting information re seeking gold in California


González, Facundo


Letter, Feb. 23, 1862, with enclosures concerning property along the Colorado River and difficulties with the American government.


González de la Vega, José María


Letter, Oct. 4, 1851

Additional Note


Guaymas, Mexico. Prefectura


Letter, Nov. 18, 1861, by José Pesqueira, re death of Antonio Gómez.


Gasquet, Louis


Letter, July 17, 1846, to Pío Pico.

Additional Note

In Box 6.

Gayosso, Domingo, 1814-1875


3 letters, 1846-1849

Additional Note

Official military communications.

Ghilardi, Luis G., d. 1864


2 letters, 1862


Gibert, Félix


5 letters, 1860-1861

Additional Note

Written from La Paz; some while customs official. Letter, July 2, 1860, is a copy.

Godoy, José Antonio


3 letters, 1865

Additional Note

Some written while Mexican consul in San Francisco. Letter, Feb. 6, contains draft of Mugarrieta's reply.

Gómez, Urbano, 1830?-1889


3 letters, 1860-1862

Additional Note

1862 letter written while governor of Colima.

Gómez Farías, Benito, d. 1914


3 letters, 1853-1864

Additional Note

1858 letter is a copy.

Groso, Gregorio


3 letters, 1849-1855


Gutiérrez, Bernardino, 1814-


2 letters, 1851-1856


Gutiérrez, Manuel


35 letters, 1849-1856

Additional Note

Enclosure to letter, Apr. 5, 1854: letter of José Calderón. Letter, Apr. 5, 1854, contains draft of Mugarrieta's reply.
See also Rodríguez, Manuel.

Guzmán, León, 1821-1884

See Mexico. Ministerio de Relaciones Esteriores


H Miscellany


Hammeken, Adelaide (Mexía) - 1826-


Letter, May 1, 1863, containing news of battles against the French.


Harvey, Thomas J.


Letter, Nov. 2, 1862, requesting information on colonization schemes in Mexico


Hijar y Haro, José María


Letter, Feb. 19, 1865, concerning difficulties engendered by war with the French.


Herrera, José Joaquín de, 1792-1854

See passports in oversize portfolio.


Herron, Francis Jay, 1837-1902


Letter and document relating to Garland family property.

Additional Note

In Box 6.

J Miscellany


Juárez, Benito, 1806-1872


Letter, Jan. 9, 1862


Jarvis, Samuel


4 letters, 1850-1852


Jauregui, Antonio M.


2 letters, 1850-1853

Additional Note

1850 letter is a copy; 1853 letter tells of his exile.

Jordan, David Starr, 1851-1931


2 letters, 1926, to Mrs. George D. Shadburne, Jr., Mugarrieta's daughter


L Miscellany


Landero y Cos, Francisco, 1828-1900


Letter, Sept. 15, 1851


Lamadrid, Francisco


2 letters, 1850-1851


Lebrija, José María


2 letters, 1863


León, Fortino


5 letters, 1860-1862

Additional Note

1860 letter written while customs official at Mazatlan; some while interim governor of Sinaloa. Letter, Feb. 27, 1862, is a copy.

Lerdo de Tejada, Sabastián, 1820-1889

See Mexico. Ministerio de Relaciones Esteriores


Lion, Félix


2 letters, 1856


Lomas, Ignacio


2 letters, 1849


Lombardini, Manuel María, pres. Mexico, 1802-1853


4 letters, 1851-1853

Additional Note

Letter, May 3, 1853, addressed to Mariano Arista. Some pertain to military matters.
See also certificates in oversize portfolio.

López Uraga, José, 1814-1885


8 letters, 1849-1851

Additional Note

Letter, Sept. 8, 1851, written at end of letter by Manuel Robles.

M Miscellany


Manzanillo, Mexico. Aduana Marítima


Letter, Aug. 1861, by J. Gómez Farías, concerning necessity of importing flour.


Merighi, Cesare


Letter, Nov. 1863, concerning sale of rifles to Mexicans


Milton, John


Letter, Jan. 24, 1862, volunteering his services to Mexico


Mörner, Juan Julio, Barón de


Letter, Dec. 6, 1859


Moreno, Juan Nepomuceno


Letter, Mar. 19, 1858


McKinstry, George, 1810-1890

See U.S. Customs Collector, San Diego


Magaña Navarrete, Pedro


15 letters, 1863

Additional Note

Mainly written while Jefe Político de la Baja California. Some re the Emperatriz Eugenia, some re salt deposits of Ojo de Liebre. Include copies of proclamations. Many of the letters addressed to Baja California officials.

Marín, Francisco


7 letters, 1860

Additional Note

Letter, May 11, contains draft of letter in defense of his brother Juan Agustín, exiled by Gen. Juan Álvarez. Letter, August 16, 1860, comments on discovery of gold in Acapulco.

Marín, Juan Agustín


8 letters, 1859-1860

Additional Note

Letter, Dec. 20, 1859, mentions defeat at Querétaro and ensuing negotiations. Letter, July 8, 1860, comments on Miramón's actions.

Mariscal, Ignacio, 1829-1910

See Mexico. Ministerio de Relaciones Esteriores


Márquez, Manuel


2 letters, 1861


Mata, José María, 1819-1895


8 letters, 1860

Additional Note

Mainly official diplomatic communications from the Mexican legations in New York and Washington, D.C.

Mazatlán, Mexico. Aduana Marítima


7 letters, 1860-1863, by Juan de la Peña, Rosalio Sánchez, Juan Rámirez, Luis G.Pacheco, concerning duties to be exacted by customs and shipping regulations.


Mendoza, Juan


6 letters, 1860

Additional Note

Copies of letters to José Matías Moreno concerning Baja California frontier incidents.

Mexico. Consulate, New York


3 letters, 1853-186[2], by Francisco de Paula Arrangoiz y Berzábal, J. M. Durán and D. Pérez Barrida.


Mexico. Ministerio de Fomento


3 letters, 1854-1857

Additional Note

Copies. Originals signed by Joaquín Velázquez de León and Manuel Siliceo.

Mexico. Ministerio de Guerra


2 letters, 1852-1860, by Pedro María de Anaya and Partearroyo


Mexico. Ministerio de Hacienda y Crédito Público


4 letters, 1856-1861, by José M. Núñez.

Additional Note

Some are copies.

Mexico. Ministerio de Relaciones Esteriores


57 letters, 1857-1895, by Ezequiel Montes, Lúcas de Palacio y Magarola, Melchor Ocampo, José de Emparán, Juan Antonio de la Fuente, Santos Degollado, Juan de Dios Arias, Francisco Zarco, León Guzmán Zamorano, Manuel Doblado, Jesús Terán Peredo and Sebastián Lerdo de Tejada.

Additional Note

Some relate to Crabb's expedition. Mainly official circulars, communicating orders of information. Letter, August 3, 1864, is addressed to Manuel E. Rodríguez. 1895 letter is copy of letter by Mariscal.
See also Romero, Matías.
See also 2 letters, 1845-1846, by Manuel de la Peña y Peña and Castillo Lanzas in Box 6.

Milatovich, Antonio

See Moreno, José Matías


Molina, Manuel


3 letters, 1850, written while comandante militar of Matamoros


Montero, Mariano


6 letters, 1852-1861


Montes, Ezequiel, 1820-1883

See Mexico. Ministerio de Relaciones Esteriores


Montesinos, José, 1839-1895


2 letters, 1866-1886


Montluc, Armand, 1811-1880


2 letters, 1856, concerning the return of Arista's heart to Mexico.


Moreno, José Matías, 1817-1869


31 letters, 1859-1863

Additional Note

Re Baja California. Include copies of official documents. Enclosure to letter, Apr. 26, 1861; letter from José Luciano Espinosa; letter, Aug. 1, 1861, written at end of letter by Antonio Milatovich; letter, Jan. 4, 1863, contains draft of Mugarrieta's reply. With letter of May 8, 1861, is a Relación estadística de la Frontera de la Baja California.

Moreno, Pudenciana (López) [Mrs. José Matías Moreno]


5 letters, 1861-1863

Additional Note

Draft of Mugarrieta's reply at end of letter of Feb. 21, 1863.

Morett, Mariano


4 letters, 1851, written while comandante general of Durango and later of San Luis Potosí.


Mugarrieta, Eliza Alice Denny (Garland) [Mrs. José Marcos Mugarrieta]


8 letters, 1868-1899

Additional Note

Letter, Mar. 11, 1875, is extract only. Also included are copies of statements by Mrs. Mugarrieta.

Mugarrieta, Juan E., d. 1860


9 letters, 1850-1859

Additional Note

Mugarrieta's brother. Letter, Jan. 20, 1859, is incomplete.

Navarro, Ramón


3 letters, 1860-1862, from La Paz.

Additional Note

Letter, Apr. 11, 1860, written while a member of the Baja California Assembly, with copies of documents as enclosures.

Núñez, José M.

See Mexico. Ministerio de Hacienda y Crédito Público


O Miscellany


Orihuela, Joaquín, 1816-1856


Letter, Aug. 30, 1856


Osio, Antonio María


Letter, Sept. 30, 1860


Ocampo, Melchor, 1841-1861

See Mexico. Ministerio de Relaciones Esteriores


Ogazón, Pedro, 1824-1890


8 letters, 1861-1886

Additional Note

Some written while official of Jalisco, and some re a colonization scheme for the state.

Ord, Edward Otho Cresap, 1818-1883

See letter re Garland family property in Box 6.


Palacio y Magarola, Lucas de, 1814-1874

See Mexico. Ministerio de Relaciones Esteriores.

See also passports and certificates in oversize portfolio.


Palafox, Agustín


3 letters, 1860-1861


Parra, José de la


2 letters, 1849-1863


Peña y Barragán, Matías de la, 1800?-1850

See certificates in oversize portfolio.


Peña y Peña, Manuel de la, 1789-1850

See Mexico. Ministerio de Relaciones Esteriores


Pérez y Hernández, José María


2 letters, 1860


Pesqueira, Ignacio, 1820-1886


11 letters, 1858-1862

Additional Note

Written mainly while governor of Sonora. Letter, Oct. 13, 1859, contains draft of Mugarrieta's reply.

Pico, Pío, 1801-1894

See land papers in oversize portfolio.


Porter, Rufus King, 1820-


4 letters, 1860-1863

Additional Note

Some re his working of the salt deposits of Ojo de Liebre in Baja California.

Q Miscellany


Quijano, Benito, 1800-1865


Letter, Sept. 15, 1857

See also certificates in oversize portfolio.


Quintana, Ramón


Letter, Sept. 2, 1852


R Miscellany


Rico, José María


Letter, Oct. 27, 1860


Rodríguez, Manuel


Letter, July 15, 1849, written at end of letter by Mugarrieta and Manuel Gutiérrez.


Rosales, Antonio, 1822-1865


Letter, [Apr. 1865?]


Rosas, Manuel


Letter, Sept. 24, 1849


Rankin, Ira Packard, 1817-

See U.S. Custom House, San Francisco


Rico, José


4 letters, 1861-1863, from Mazatlán, some referring to Plácido Vega.


Rico, Lorenzo


3 letters, 1860-1861, re the Lord Raglan.


Rincón, Manuel E., 1784-1849

See certificates in oversize portfolio.


Rivera, J. R.


2 letters, 1863

Additional Note

References to Plácido Vega.

Riveroll, Manuel


7 letters, 1861-1862, from La Paz.

Additional Note

Included is an undated power of attorney. Manuel was the son of Teodoro Riveroll, q.v.

Riveroll, Teodoro


20 letters, 1860-1864

Additional Note

Enclosure to 1864 letter: letter from Manuel Riveroll, his son. Mainly written while Governor of Baja California. Some include copies of documents, and some concern the salt problem.

Robertson, William Parish


5 letters, 1853

Additional Note

Concern Arista's sojourn in England in 1853.

Robledo, José Francisco


Letter, Sept. 18, 1830


Robles Pezuela, Manuel, 1817-1862


7 letters, 1851-1852

See also López Uraga, José


Rodríguez, Manuel E.


6 letters, 1862-1863

Additional Note

Some written while Mexican consul in San Francisco, successor to Mugarrieta. Letter, Nov. 21, 1863, contains draft of Mugarrieta's reply. 1862 letter written for the Junta Patriótica.

Romero, Matías, 1837-1898


20 letters, 1862-1864

Additional Note

Mainly official communications from the Ministerio de Relaciones Esteriores; some written while a member of the Mexican Legation in Washington. Enclosure to letter of Mar. 30, 1861: directives from Zarco from the office of the Ministerio de Relaciones Esteriores.

Ruiz de Esparza, Feliciano


3 letters, 1860-1861

Additional Note

Contain information re Baja California.

Ryerson, George, 1830-


2 letters, 1860


S Miscellany


Sainz, José D.


Letter, Feb. 7, 1860, re José Castro and Ruiz de Esparza.

Additional Note


Salas, Librado


13 letters, 1859-1861

Additional Note

Some written while a customs official at Acapulco. Letter, May 26, 1861, contains draft of Mugarrieta's reply.

Saldaña, Higinio


2 letters, 1860

Additional Note

October letter re Baja California battle.

Sánchez, Manuel


2 letters, 1849


Sánchez Ochoa, Gaspar, 1837-1909


3 letters, 1865


Santa Anna, Antonio López de, 1794-1876

See certificate in oversize portfolio.


Scull, José H.


5 letters, 1861-1863

Additional Note

Drafts of Mugarrieta's replies on some letters.

Seymour, Sir George Francis, 1787-1870

See Forbes, James Alexander


Sinaloa, Mexico. Gobernador


2 letters, 1860-1861, by Francisco Maldonado and Francisco Cortés


Sociedad Hispano-Americana de Beneficencia Mutua


3 letters, 1861-1862

Additional Note

Receipts also included.

Sosa, Antonio L.


5 letters, 1860-1862, containing news from Baja California


Sutter, John Augustus, 1826-1897


39 letters, 1862-1888

Additional Note

From Acapulco where he was U.S. Consul. Some addressed to Mrs. Mugarrieta; some contain drafts of Mugarrieta's replies; some written for David B. Van Brunt.

T Miscellany


Temple, John, 1796-1866


Telegram, Nov. 18, 1862


Tenorio, Antonio


Letter, Oct. 27, 1851


Terrazas, Luis, 1829-1923


Letter, May 2, 1861

Additional Note

Contains copy of communication from the Mexican Minister of Foreign Relations.

Terán Peredo, Jesús, 1821-1866

See Mexico. Ministerio de Relaciones Esteriores


Tornel y Mendívil, José María, 1789-1853

See certificates in oversize portfolio.


U.S. Custom House, San Diego


Letter and telegram, 1862, by G. McKinstry.

Additional Note

Letter of Nov. 19, with receipt signed by J. M. Davalos and note by Phineas Banning.

U.S. Custom House, San Francisco


5 letters, 1862-1863, by Ira P. Rankin re the Republic and the Emperatriz Eugenia.


Uribe, Carlos


2 letters, 1848


V Miscellany


Vallejo, Mariano Guadalupe, 1807-1890


Letter, June 6, 1862


Van Brunt, David B.


16 letters, 1860-1862

Additional Note

Some written for him by José Barrera.
See also Sutter, John Augustus.

Vázquez, J. C.


4 letters, 1861-1862

Additional Note

Aug. 29, 1861 letter refers to war news in Guaymas.

Vega, Plácido, 1830-1878


32 letters, 1859-1863

Additional Note

Many written while governor of Sinaloa. Drafts of Mugarrieta's replies on some letters. Letter, Nov. 17, 1859, contains note from Jesús Castañeda.

Vega, Tranquilino de la

See certificatesin oversize portfolio.


Velasco, Florencio


4 letters, 1862-1867

Additional Note

Letter, Feb. 24, 1867, contains draft of Mugarrieta's reply.

Velázquez de León, Joaquín, 1803-1882

See Mexico. Ministerio de Fomento


Villareal, José Enrique


Letter to José B. G. de Lara, Aug.15, 1826

Additional Note

In Box 6.

W Miscellany


Wallridge, Charles H.


Letter, July 27, 1847


Witte, Carlos E.


4 letters, 1861

Additional Note

Draft of an article written by Witte included.

Zambrano, Juan Andrés

See certificate in oversize portfolio.


Zarco, Francisco, 1829-1869

See Mexico. Ministerio de Relaciones Esteriores


Zerega, Cecilio


7 letters, 1860-1863, written from Santo Domingo in Baja California, re conditions there and re the Emperatriz Eugenia.