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Inventory of the William H. Weinland Collection, ca. 1885-1920s
photCL 039  
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Biography
  • Scope and Content
  • Additional Notes
  • Attached scan of Scrapbook 59
  • List of Photographs in Vol. 1 (Weinland Family Photograph Album)

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: William H. Weinland Collection,
    Date (inclusive): ca. 1885-1920s
    Collection number: photCL 039
    Creator: Weinland, William H., 1861-1930
    Extent: 525 single photographs in 5 boxes; 3 small photo albums in 2 boxes
    Repository: The Huntington Library
    San Marino, California 91108
    Language: English.

    Administrative Information


    Gift of Clarence E. Weinland, youngest son of the Weinlands, 1955 & 1970.


    Collection is open to qualified researches by prior application through the Reader Services Department.

    Publication Rights

    In order to quote from, publish, or reproduce any of the manuscripts or visual materials, researchers must obtain formal permission from the office of the Library Director. In most instances, permission is given by the Huntington as owner of the physical property rights only, and researchers must also obtain permission from the holder of the literary rights In some instances, the Huntington owns the literary rights, as well as the physical property rights. Researchers may contact the appropriate curator for further information.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], William H. Weinland Collection, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.


    William Henry Weinland (1861-1930) was born and raised in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. He attended Moravian schools and was graduated from Moravian College and Theological Seminary in preparation for a life of professional ministry. In 1884 Weinland volunteered for an exploratory expedition into Alaska with Henry Hartmann, a Moravian missionary based in Canada, to determine an appropriate site for a mission. A settlement along the Kuskokwim River was deemed suitable and in 1885, now ordained and newly married to Caroline Yost, Weinland returned to "Bethel," Alaska with his bride and three other missionaries, thus signaling the advent of a career devoted to missionary work. The Weinland's term of duty in Alaska was to be curtailed, however, by the ill health of Mrs. Weinland and one of her daughters.* The family returned to the United States where Rev. Weinland assumed the pastorate of the Moravian Church in Grace Hill, Iowa.
    In 1889, after nearly two years at their mid-Western post, the Weinland's received a formal call to take part in more pioneering work. This time they would establish a new mission among the Native Americans of southern California. After surveying the general surroundings, the Weinland's decided on the Morongo Reservation (then known familiarly as "The Potrero") where they would represent the Moravian Church for some forty years. The Weinland's raised seven children on the reservation and spent the final years of their lives in nearby Banning, California.
    *For more information on Weinland's activities in Alaska see: Oswalt, Wendell H. Mission of Change in Alaska: Eskimos and Moravians on the Kuskowim. San Marino, Calif.: The Huntington Library, 1963.

    Scope and Content

    The photographs in the Weinland Collection depict the people, the experiences and places which comprised their years of missionary service, first in Alaska and more extensively among the Native Americans of southern California. Though the vast majority of the photographs depict life on the Morongo Reservation, Weinland was an itinerant of sorts, an activist who sought a foothold for Protestantism wherever he could. Consequently, there are images from a number of the reservations which surrounded Morongo. The Alaska images were photographed by Hartmann and Weinland, as many of the mounts attest, and by the commercial photographer, M. Lorenz. The Morongo views are harder to attribute, though many were definitely taken by Weinland himself and others undoubtedly were. Some commercial photographers are also represented throughout this portion of the collection. Volumes 2 and 3 were albums compiled by Sarah Morris, one of the first school teachers at Morongo and a personal friend of the Weinlands. Her albums focus, naturally enough on the school houses where she taught as well as her charges. There is an item-level finding guide for all three of the volumes.
    What follows is a general description of the photographs in the Weinland Collection according to their subject arrangement.

    Additional Notes

    Contact the Manuscripts Department for information regarding the William Weinland Papers. See also: California Scrapbooks 8 [St. Francis Dam Disaster] and 59 [Native Americans in Morongo & surrounding areas -- scan attached here; see below] are also part of the Weinland Collection.

    Attached scan of Scrapbook 59

    List of Photographs in Vol. 1 (Weinland Family Photograph Album)