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William H. Weinland Photograph Collection: Finding Aid
photCL 39  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Overview of the Collection
  • Access
  • Administrative Information
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content
  • Related materials in the Huntington Library
  • Arrangement
  • Indexing Terms

  • Overview of the Collection

    Title: William H. Weinland Photograph Collection
    Dates (inclusive): approximately 1885-1920s
    Collection Number: photCL 39
    Creator: Weinland, William H., 1861-1930
    Extent: 525 photographs and 3 photograph albums in 7 boxes
    Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens. Photo Archives
    1151 Oxford Road
    San Marino, California 91108
    Phone: (626) 405-2191
    Email: reference@huntington.org
    URL: http://www.huntington.org
    Abstract: This collection contains 525 loose photographs and 3 photograph albums that depict the people, experiences, and places witnessed by Moravian missionary William H. Weinland (1861-1930) and his family during their years of missionary service between the mid 1880s and the 1920s, first in Alaska and, more extensively, among Native Americans of Southern California. Though the vast majority of the photographs depict life on the Morongo Reservation, near Banning, California, there are also images from a number of the reservations that surrounded Morongo.
    Language: English.

    Access

    The collection is open to qualified researchers by prior application through the Reader Services Department. For more information, please visit the Huntington's website: www.huntington.org.  

    Administrative Information

    Publication Rights

    The Huntington Library does not require that researchers request permission to quote from or publish images of this material, nor does it charge fees for such activities. The responsibility for identifying the copyright holder, if there is one, and obtaining necessary permissions rests with the researcher.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], William H. Weinland Collection. The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

    Provenance

    Gift of Clarence E. Weinland, youngest son of the Weinlands, in 1944 and 1970.

    Biographical Note

    William Henry Weinland (1861-1930) was born and raised in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. He attended Moravian schools and graduated from Moravian College and Theological Seminary in preparation for a life of professional ministry. In 1884 Weinland volunteered for an exploratory expedition into Alaska with Henry Hartmann, a Moravian missionary based in Canada, to determine an appropriate site for a mission. A settlement along the Kuskokwim River was deemed suitable, and, in 1885, now ordained and newly married to Caroline Yost, Weinland returned to Bethel, Alaska, with his bride and three other missionaries, thus signaling the advent of a career devoted to missionary work. The Weinland's term of duty in Alaska was to be curtailed, however, by the ill health of Mrs. Weinland and one of her daughters.* The family returned to the United States where Rev. Weinland assumed the pastorate of the Moravian Church in Grace Hill, Iowa.
    In 1889, after nearly two years at their mid-Western post, the Weinlands received a formal call to take part in more pioneering work. This time they would establish a new mission among the Native Americans of Southern California. After surveying the general surroundings, the Weinlands decided on the Morongo Reservation (then known familiarly as "The Potrero") where they would represent the Moravian Church for some forty years. The Weinlands raised seven children on the reservation and spent the final years of their lives in nearby Banning, California.
    *For more information on Weinland's activities in Alaska see: Oswalt, Wendell H. Mission of Change in Alaska: Eskimos and Moravians on the Kuskowim (San Marino, Calif.: The Huntington Library, 1963).

    Scope and Content

    The William H. Weinland Photograph Collection contains 525 loose photographs and 3 photograph albums that depict the people, experiences, and places witnessed by Moravian missionary William H. Weinland (1861-1930) and his family during their years of missionary service between the mid 1880s and the 1920s, first in Alaska and, more extensively, among Native Americans of Southern California. Though the vast majority of the photographs depict life on the Morongo Reservation, near Banning, California, Weinland was an itinerant of sorts, an activist who sought a foothold for Protestantism wherever he could. Consequently, there are images from a number of the reservations that surrounded Morongo.
    The Alaska images were photographed by Weinland and fellow missionary Henry Hartmann, as many of the mounts attest, and by the commercial photographer M. Lorenz. The Morongo views are harder to attribute, though many were definitely taken by Weinland himself. Some commercial photographers are also represented throughout this portion of the collection. Volumes 2 and 3 were albums compiled by Sarah Morris, one of the first schoolteachers at Morongo and a personal friend of the Weinlands. Her albums focus, naturally enough, on the schoolhouses where she taught as well as her charges.

    Alternative Form of Materials Available

    Visit the Huntington Digital Library   to view digitized items from this collection.

    Related materials in the Huntington Library

    Additional materials received as part of the Weinland Collection:

    Arrangement

    The collection is arranged according to subject in the following series and subseries:
    • Loose Photographs
      • Alaska, approximately 1884-1885
      • Morongo Reservation, approximately 1890-1920
      • Miscellaneous
      • Scenes from Riverside and San Diego Counties, approximately 1915
      • Weinland Family photographs
    • Photograph Albums
      • Weinland Family Photograph Album, approximately 1910s and 1920s
      • Morongo Reservation, "The Potrero," Albums, approximately 1880s-1901

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the Huntington Library's Online Catalog.  

    Subjects

    Weinland, William H. -- Portraits.
    Kilbuck, Edith, 1865-1933 -- Portraits.
    Morongo, John, Captain -- Portraits.
    Morris, Sarah, school-mistress -- Portraits.
    Weinland, Caroline -- Portraits.
    Rust, Horatio N. -- Portraits.
    Quinton, Amelia S. (Amelia Stone), 1835?-1926 -- Portraits.
    Juaro, Captain -- Portraits.
    Powatt, Samuel -- Portraits.
    Victoriano -- Portraits.
    Jackson, Helen Hunt, 1830-1885. Ramona.
    Burr, Mrs. -- Art collections -- Pictorial works.
    Gilman, S. E. -- Art collections -- Pictorial works.
    Morongo family -- Portraits.
    Kilbuck family -- Portraits.
    Weinland family -- Portraits.
    Yost family -- Portraits.
    Moravian Church (Morongo Reservation, Calif.) -- Pictorial works.
    Sherman Institute (Riverside, Calif.) -- Pictorial works.
    Perris Indian School & Supt. Storage -- Pictorial works.
    California Institute of Technology -- Pictorial works.
    Stanford University -- Pictorial works.
    Moravian Church -- Missions -- Alaska -- Photographs.
    Moravian Church -- Missions -- Alaska -- Kuskokwim River Region -- Photographs.
    Moravian Church -- Missions -- California -- Morongo Indian Reservation -- Photographs.
    Moravian Church -- Missions -- California, Southern -- Photographs.
    Eskimos -- Alaska -- Photographs.
    Fur traders -- Alaska -- Photographs.
    Indians of North America -- California, Southern -- Photographs.
    Indians of North America -- California -- Morongo Indian Reservation -- Photographs.
    Indians of North America -- Montana -- Photographs.
    Indians of North America -- Great Plains -- Photographs.
    Pima Indians -- Dwellings -- Arizona -- Photographs.
    Tohono O'odham Indians -- Dwellings -- Arizona -- Photographs.
    Cheyenne Indians -- Photographs.
    Indian children -- Great Plains -- Photographs.
    Indian children -- California, Southern -- Photographs.
    Indian children -- California -- Morongo Indian Reservation -- Photographs.
    Indian children -- Fort Yuma Reservation (Ariz. and Calif.) -- Photographs.
    Hopi dance -- Photographs.
    Missionaries -- California -- Morongo Indian Reservation -- Photographs.
    Basket making -- California -- Morongo Indian Reservation -- Photographs.
    Baskets -- Private collections -- Photographs.
    School children -- California, Southern -- Photographs.
    School children -- California -- Morongo Indian Reservation -- Photographs.
    School children -- Fort Yuma Reservation (Ariz. and Calif.) -- Photographs.
    Cemeteries -- California -- Morongo Indian Reservation -- Photographs.
    Saint Francis Dam Disaster, Saint Francis Dam, Calif., 1928 -- Photographs.
    Alaska -- Pictorial works.
    Kuskowim River Region -- Pictorial works.
    California, Southern -- Pictorial works.
    Morongo Indian Reservation (Calif.) -- Pictorial works.
    Soboba Reservation (Calif.) -- Pictorial works.
    Torres-Martinez Reservation (Calif.) -- Pictorial works.
    Agua Caliente Indian Reservation (Calif.) -- Pictorial works.
    Fort Yuma Reservation (Ariz. and Calif.) -- Pictorial works.
    Banning (Calif.) -- Pictorial works.
    Palm Canyon (Calif.) -- Pictorial works.
    San Diego County (Calif.) -- Pictorial works.

    Forms/Genres

    Photographs.
    Cyanotypes.

    Contributors

    Weinland, William H., former owner.
    Weinland, William H., photographer.
    Hartmann, Henry, photographer.
    Lorenz, M., photographer.
    Weinland, Clarence E., donor.
    Morris, Sarah, school-mistress, former owner.