Inventory of the Abel Stearns Papers, Collection I, 1804-1935

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© 2000
The Huntington Library. All rights reserved.

Inventory of the Abel Stearns Papers, Collection I, 1804-1935

The Huntington Library



San Marino, California

Contact Information

  • Manuscripts Department
  • The Huntington Library
  • 1151 Oxford Road
  • San Marino, California 91108
  • Phone: (626) 405-2203
  • Fax: (626) 449-5720
  • Email: lgarcia@huntington.org
  • URL: http://www.huntington.org/huntingtonlibrary.aspx?id=554
Processed by:
The Huntington Library staff
© 2000 The Huntington Library. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: Abel Stearns Papers, Collection I,
Date (inclusive): 1804-1935
Creator: Stearns, Abel, 1798-1871
Extent: Approximately 12,500 pieces
Repository: The Huntington Library
San Marino, California 91108
Language: English.

Administrative Information

Provenance

Most of the Abel Stearns Papers were purchased in February, 1937, from Mrs. Margaret Gaffey Kilroy of San Pedro, California. In 1939 additional manuscripts were given to the library by Mrs. Kilroy and by Mrs. Susanna Bryant Dakin.

Access

Collection is open to qualified researchers by prior application through the Reader Services Department. For more information please go to following URL .

Publication Rights

In order to quote from, publish, or reproduce any of the manuscripts or visual materials, researchers must obtain formal permission from the office of the Library Director. In most instances, permission is given by the Huntington as owner of the physical property rights only, and researchers must also obtain permission from the holder of the literary rights. In some instances, the Huntington owns the literary rights, as well as the physical property rights. Researchers may contact the appropriate curator for further information.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Abel Stearns Papers, Collection I, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

Biography

Abel Stearns (1798-1871) was born in Lunenberg, Massachusetts. As a young man he spent some years at sea, taking part in the trade with South America and China. About 1826 he reached Mexico and during his residence there became a naturalized citizen. He arrived in California in 1829 and soon settled in Los Angeles, where he made his home for the rest of his life. From a small beginning as a trader and merchant Stearns expanded his activities into the fields of landholding, cattle ranching, mining, politics, education and so forth, gradually becoming a wealthy and influential figure. Because he was a participant in so many important phases of the development of California, his papers constitute a valuable source of historical information.

Subject matter

The Abel Stearns Papers are of value chiefly to students of the economic and political history of California. Of particular importance are the materials relating to the following subjects:
  • A. The cattle industry
  • B. The gold discoveries of 1842 and of 1848 - 1849
  • C. The hide and tallow trade, especially as it was carried on at Stearns' warehouse in San Pedro
  • D. Land titles and transfers
  • E. Mines and mineral resources
  • F. Politics and government
  • G. Ranchos of Upper and Lower California

Correspondents represented by ten or more pieces

David W. Alexander
18 pieces
Juan Bautista Alvarado
13 pieces
José Antonio Argüello
27 pieces
José Ramón Argüello
33 pieces
María Guadalupe (Estudillo) de Argüello
16 pieces
José Antonio Avila
12 pieces
José Bandini
10 pieces
José María Bandini
21 pieces
Juan Bandini
190 pieces
Juan Bautista Bandini
118 pieces
Eugenio Bonnet
23 pieces
Charles H. Brinley
34 pieces
Samuel C. Bruce
17 pieces
Lewis T. Burton
15 pieces
Carlos Antonio de Jesús Carrillo
21 pieces
José Antonio Carrillo
12 pieces
Pedro C. Carrillo
45 pieces
José Miguel Castañeda
22 pieces
Francisco Castillo
16 pieces
José Castro
11 pieces
M. G. Cobb
37 pieces
John Bautista Roger Cooper
10 pieces
Cave Johnson Couts
90 pieces
W. Blunt Couts
12 pieces
Henry Dalton
12 pieces
William Goodwin Dana
10 pieces
Robert J. Elwell
12 pieces
Thomas Eleuterio Esténaga
106 pieces
John H. Everett
20 pieces
Edward H. Faucon
14 pieces
Francisco Figueroa
27 pieces
Henry Delano Fitch
45 pieces
Charles Henry Forbes
83 pieces
John Forster
83 pieces
John Charles Frémont
11 pieces
Francisco Javier Gastelum
10 pieces
Marcelin Giraudeau
92 pieces
Miguel Gonzalez
55 pieces
Ramón Gonzalez de la Riva
49 pieces
Rafael Guirado
15 pieces
Isaac Hartman
11 pieces
William Davis Merry Howard
29 pieces
Charles R. Johnson
119 pieces
James Johnson
13 pieces
John Coffin Jones
10 pieces
Thomas Oliver Larkin
93 pieces
Jacob Primer Leese
15 pieces
Los Angeles (Alta Calif.). Courts. Juzgado de Primera Instancia
13 pieces
Timothy Lynch
13 pieces
James McKinlay
19 pieces
William S. Manning
11 pieces
Silvestre Mireles
17 pieces
Eugenio Montenegro
14 pieces
Vicente Moraga
70 pieces
Thomas Wallace More
14 pieces
José Hilario Morillo
13 pieces
Edward F. Northam
13 pieces
Agustín Olvera
27 pieces
Blas Ordaz
18 pieces
Thomas B. Park
44 pieces
Parrott & Co.
17 pieces
Sherman Peck
12 pieces
Miguel F. de Pedrorena
25 pieces
Juan Crispin Peres
11 pieces
José Antonio Bernardino Pico
26 pieces
Pío Pico
21 pieces
Nathaniel Miguel Pryor
49 pieces
Perfecto Hugo Reid
116 pieces
Alfred Robinson
221 pieces
Francisco Rodriguez
14 pieces
Mariano Reyes Roldan
58 pieces
Horace C. Rolfe
47 pieces
James G. Scott
30 pieces
Thomas Shaw
20 pieces
Nathan Spear
17 pieces
David Spence
16 pieces
Abel Stearns
169 pieces
Oliver Stearns
39 pieces
Joseph Steele
21 pieces
Max von Strobel
11 pieces
Alexander S. Taylor
10 pieces
John Temple
13 pieces
Henry Frederick Teschemacher
16 pieces
Alpheus B. Thompson
73 pieces
Dixey W. Thompson
14 pieces
Joseph P. Thompson
57 pieces
José María Villavicencio
36 pieces
Jonathan Trumbull Warner
14 pieces
Stephen Mallory White
69 pieces
Isaac Williams
11 pieces
Bernardo Yorba
14 pieces
Tomás Antonio Yorba
24 pieces
Levi Young
10 pieces

Some important or interesting items

  • Argüello, Luis Antonio. Document granting permission to McCulloch and Hartnell to build a warehouse at San Pedro. May 21, 1823
  • Bandini, Juan. Libro manual de ingresos que en el año de 1831 tiene la Comisaria Prãl de la alta California al cargo provicionalmente del Ciudadano Juan Bandini. Jan. - Oct., 1831
  • Bandini, Juan. Report of William Walker's invasion of Lower California. May 25, 1854
  • Documents relating to cattle brands of Juan Bandini and Abel Stearns (11 pieces). 1834 - 1859
  • Documents relating to damage done by troops of Frémont, Kearny and Stockton in Los Angeles (10 pieces). 1847
  • Larkin, Thomas Oliver. Letters to Abel Stearns referring to California politics and government (24 pieces). 1842 - 1856
  • Mission San Gabriel (Alta Calif.). Deed of transfer of the Casa de San Pedro to Abel Stearns. Aug. 23, 1834
  • Pico, Pío. Letter to John Drake Sloat relating to the latter's proclamation to the inhabitants of California. July 25, 1846. (Note: This is a certified copy, dated Aug. 7, 1846.)
  • Rancho Los Coyotes. Testimony regarding the measurements of the Rancho de Los Coyotes, property of Don Juan José Nieto. 1835 - 1863
  • Rancho Ensenada de Todos Santos (Lower Calif.). Expediente. 1804 - 1876
  • Rancho Valle de San Rafael (Lower Calif.). Expediente. 1830 - 1876
  • Stearns, Abel. An account of the stabbing of Abel Stearns by William Day. 1835
  • Stearns, Abel. Day Book... Jan. 1 - Sept. 30, 1840
  • Stearns, Abel. Draft of a letter to Peirce & Brewer relating to the discovery of gold in California in 1842. Apr. 25, 1842
  • Stearns, Abel. Petition to Fray Narciso Durán to dispense with the marriage banns of Abel Stearns and Arcadia Bandini because of the discrepancy in their ages. Apr. 29, 1841. (Note: This is an autograph copy.)
  • Stearns, Abel. Tariff list for the Casa de San Pedro. Jan. 1, 1835
  • Stearns, Abel and Stearns, Arcadia (Bandini). Draft of a deed of conveyance of various Southern California ranchos to Alfred Robinson. May 25, 1868

Subject Indexing

 

CALIFORNIA - Land Titles

Additional Note

See the correspondence of the following people:
 

BANDINI, José María

 

FOSTER, Stephen Clark

 

FREMONT, John Charles

 

GRIMES, Eliab

 

HALLECK, Henry Wager

 

HANCOCK, Henry

 

KING, Samuel D.

 

LAMBERT, Patrick

 

LARKIN, Thomas Oliver

 

LIMANTOUR, José Yves

 

McKINLAY, James

 

O'FARRELL, Jasper

 

OGIER, Isaac Stockton Keith

 

ORD, Pacificus

 

STEARNS, Abel

 

SUTHERLAND, Thomas W.

 

THOMPSON, Joseph Pratt

 

UPSON, Lauren

 

WILSON, James

 

CALIFORNIA - Land Transfers

Additional Note

See the correspondence of the following people:
 

BADLAM, Alexander

 

BIGGS, Matthew

 

BROWN, Calvin

 

BROWN, E. M.

 

BRUCE, Samuel C.

 

BURNETT, Peter Hardenman

 

COBB, Moses Gill

 

FREMONT, John Charles

 

GLIDDON, George R.

 

GUILD, G. G.

 

HASKELL, E. W.

 

HOLLISTER, William Wells

 

JAMES, Alfred

 

MURRAY, Henry B.

 

NICHOLSON, J. A.

 

PAINTER, C.B.R.

 

PARSONS, Levi

 

POOLE, Edward

 

RANDALL, Andrew

 

ROBBINS, Encarnación (Carrillo)

 

ROBINSON, Alfred

 

ROBINSON, Lester Ludyah

 

ROLDÁN, Mariano Reyes

 

ROSECRANS, William Starke

 

SMITH, Miguel

 

SPAULDING, J. F.

 

SPENCE, David Stephen

 

STEARNS, Abel

 

STEPHENS, A. H.

 

STEPHENS, John D.

 

STOKES, James

 

SUTTER, John Augustus

 

TAYLOR, Alexander S.

 

TORO, Juan de

 

WALKER, William W.

 

WARNER, Jonathan Trumbull

 

WARNER, Thomas

 

WEID, Ivar A.

 

WOODS, Samuel Davis

 

CALIFORNIA - Mines and Mineral Resources

Additional Note

See the correspondence of the following people: (also see Box 88 - Miscellaneous... documents relating to various mines)
 

ALEXANDER, Harry N.

 

BANDINI, José María

 

BANDINI, Juan

 

BANDINI, Juan Bautista

 

COUTS, Cave Johnson a

 

DAVIDSON, Donald

 

GARRISON, William P.

 

JACKSON, Charles T.

 

JOHNSON, Charles Robinson

 

LEIGHTON, William H.

 

LUCKHARDT, Caesar A.

 

LYMAN, John H.

 

LYON, Sanford

 

NIMMO, H. M.

 

PHELPS, DODGE & CO.

 

REID, Perfecto Hugo

 

ROBINSON, W. H. & CO.

 

SMITH, Stephen

 

Sobrante de San Jacinto Mine

Additional Note

See the correspondence of the following people:
 

BURNETT, Robert

 

CHESTER, A.

 

COBB, Moses Gill

 

COLE, Cornelius

 

HARTMAN, Isaac

 

ROBINSON, Alfred

 

STEARNS, Abel

 

WILSON, Joseph S.

 

Soledad Mine

Additional Note

See the correspondence of the following people:
 

BRINLEY, Charles Henry

 

COUTS, Cave Johnson a

 

HEUSCH, Charles

 

LEIGHTON, William H.

 

LUCKHARDT, Caesar

 

STEARNS, Abel

 

STROBEL, Max von

 

CALIFORNIA - Politics and Government

Additional Note

See the correspondence of the following people:
 

ALVARADO, Juan Bautista

 

BANDINI, Juan

 

BUTTS, William

 

CALIFORNIA. Legislature. Assembly.

 

CARR, Jesse D.

 

CARRILLO, Carlos Antonio de Jesús

 

CARRILLO, José Antonio

 

COOK, John

 

COOPER, John Bautista Rogers

 

COUTS, Cave Johnson a

 

DANA, William Goodwin

 

DOUGLASS, David F.

 

ELWELL, Robert J.

 

FAUCON, Edward H.

 

FITCH, Henry Delano

 

FOOTE, William W. (Box 91)

 

FORBES, James Alexander

 

FREMONT, John Charles

 

GAFFEY, John Tracy (Box 91)

 

GAGE, Lyman Judson (Box 91)

 

GASS, Octavius Decatur

 

GILLESPIE, Archibald

 

GRANGER, Lewis

 

HOPE, Alexander W.

 

HOWARD, William Devis Merry

 

JACKSON, DeWitt C. (Box 91)

 

JOHNSON, Charles Robinson

 

JONES, John Coffin

 

LARKIN, Thomas Oliver

 

LEESE, Jacob Primer

 

LEET, B. F.

 

LOS ANGELES. (Calif.). Commission for investigating the jurisdiction of the Comandancia Militar

 

LOS ANGELES (Calif.). Commission to procure buildings for government offices

 

LOS ANGELES (Calif.). Electoral Board

 

McKINLAY, James

 

McNAB, Gavin (Box 91)

 

MARSH, John

 

MONTENEGRO, Eugenio

 

MOORE, E. D. (Box 91)

 

MURPHY, Timothy

 

OLVERA, Agustín

 

PARK, Trenor W.

 

PICO, Pío

 

PRUDHON, Victor

 

PURDY, J. H.

 

REID, Perfecto Hugo

 

ROBINSON, Alfred

 

SLOAT, John Drake

 

SPENCE, David Stephen

 

STEARNS, Abel

 

WELBURN, Oscar M. (Box 91)

 

WELLBORN, Olin (Box 91)

 

WILSON, John j

 

WITHERBY, Oliver S.

 

WHITE, Stephen Mallory (letters of 1890-1898 in Box 92)

 

MISSION SAN FRANCISCO DE ASÍS (MISSION DOLORES) - Lands

Additional Note

See the correspondence of the following people: (see also miscellaneous...legal documents in Box 87)
 

COBB, Moses Gill

 

FREMONT, John Charles

 

JOHNSON, Sidney L.

 

JONES, William Carey

 

LARKIN, Thomas Oliver

 

MANNING, Jerome F.

 

O'FARRELL, Jasper

 

RICHARDSON, Henry P.

 

ROBINSON, Alfred

 

ROBINSON, Lester Ludyah

 

STEARNS, Abel

 

STEIN, E.

 

STRODE, Charles B.

 

TESCHEMACHER, Henry Frederick

 

THOMPSON, Joseph Pratt

 

THORNTON, Harry I.

 

VARNEY, Thomas

 

TAXATION - California

Additional Note

See the correspondence of the following people:
 

AMES, Frank

 

BAKER, Frank

 

COUTS, Cave Johnson a

 

HILL, John John J.

 

JOHNSON, Charles Robinson

 

LAIDLEY, James

 

LARKIN, Thomas Oliver

 

LYNCH, Timothy

 

MORSE, Ephraim W.

 

NORTHAM, Edward Fernandez

 

PENDLETON, Eugene B.

 

PORTER, Rufus K.

 

ROBINSON, Alfred

 

ROLFE, Horace C.

 

SATTERWHITE, John W.

 

SPURGEON, William Henry

 

STEARNS, Abel