Scope and Content of Collection
Special Collections & Archives, UC San Diego
9500 Gilman Drive
La Jolla 92093-0175
Title: Joseph Mayer Papers
Mayer, Joseph Edward, 1904-
Identifier/Call Number: MSS 0047
19.2 Linear feet
(50 archives boxes, 1 card file box and 2 oversize folders)
Date (inclusive): 1920 - 1983
Abstract: Papers of Joseph Mayer, a theoretical chemical physicist, researcher, author, consultant, and professor of chemistry at UC
San Diego from 1960 until his retirement in 1973. Mayer is best known for his work in statistical mechanics and the application
of statistical mechanics to concepts of liquids and dense gases. Among the significant correspondents represented in the collection
are Max Born, Johannes Hans Jensen, Martin Kamen, Linus Pauling, Roger Revelle, Leo Szilard, Hermann Weyl, and Bruno Zimm.
Scope and Content of Collection
Accession Processed in 1988
Papers of Joseph Mayer, a theoretical chemical physicist, researcher, author, consultant, and professor of chemistry at UC
San Diego from 1960-1973. Mayer is best known for his work in statistical mechanics and the application of statistical mechanics
to concepts of liquids and dense gases. The collection documents the life and work of a dedicated chemical physicist and academician.
Most of the material dates from the beginning of Mayer's tenure at the University of Chicago to his retirement from UC San
Diego in 1973. Well-represented in the collection are his scientific writings, correspondence, and materials collected as
president of the American Physical Society in 1973. Absent from the papers are records from Mayer's activities at Johns Hopkins
and Columbia University, and records of his work for the U.S. government during World War II.
The collection is divided into thirteen series: 1) BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS, 2) GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE, 3) WRITINGS BY JOSEPH
MAYER, 4) WRITINGS BY OTHERS, 5) SPEECHES BY JOSEPH MAYER, 6) ORGANIZATIONS, 7) CONFERENCES, 8) GRANTS, 9) UC SAN DIEGO, 10)
UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO, 11) GENERAL SUBJECTS, 12) PHOTOGRAPHS, and 13) LANTERN SLIDES.
Accession Processed in 1997
The accession processed in 1997 contains awards, certificates, diplomas, and photographs which were on exhibit in Mayer Hall
at UC San Diego. The materials are arranged in two series: 1) PHOTOGRAPHS and 2) AWARDS, CERTIFICATES AND DIPLOMAS.
The son of a bridge engineer, Joseph Edward Mayer was born on February 5, 1904 in New York City. His family later moved to
Canada and then to California, where Mayer graduated from Hollywood High School. In 1924 he received a B.S. in chemistry from
the California Institute of Technology. He went on to the University of California at Berkeley and earned his doctorate there
in 1927 under the direction of Gilbert N. Lewis.
After graduation, Mayer spent a year of postdoctoral work at Berkeley as an assistant to Lewis. Between 1929 and 1930, as
a Rockefeller International Education Board fellow, he studied under James Franck at Gottingen, Germany, carrying out research
on virial expansion. There he met Maria Goeppert, a doctoral student studying physics under Max Born. Mayer and Goeppert were
married in the spring of 1930.
Returning to the United States, Mayer took a position as associate professor at Johns Hopkins University, where he taught
until 1939. On a return visit to Gottingen in 1931, Mayer worked on lattice energy theory in corroboration with Max Born and
Lindsay Helmhotz. At Johns Hopkins, Mayer's research focused on the theoretical versus the experimental side of chemistry.
From 1939 to 1946 he worked at Columbia University in New York City, where he took over from Harold C. Urey the editorship
(1940-1953) of the Journal of Chemical Physics. In 1940, Joseph and Maria Mayer jointly published Statistical Mechanics, one
of the first textbooks in the field.
During World War II, while still an associate professor at Columbia, Joseph Mayer also consulted at the Ballistic Research
Laboratory at Aberdeen, Maryland. In 1945, as a civilian consultant, he took a trip to the Pacific Theatre to observe the
experimental characteristics of army artillery.
In 1946, at the urging of Enrico Fermi, Harold Urey, and Edward Teller, Mayer became a full professor at the Institute for
Nuclear Studies at the University of Chicago. In addition, he continued to consult for the Aberdeen laboratory as a member
of its Scientific Advisory Committee. Mayer became a trustee of the Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientists in January 1948.
The committee was then chaired by Albert Einstein, and its membership included Harold Urey, Leo Szilard, and Harrison Brown.
Mayer was named president of the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP) in 1951.
At the University of Chicago, Mayer lectured as a member of the Physical Chemistry Group, taught physical chemistry courses,
and directed graduate students. With the support of an Atomic Energy Commission contract entitled "Statistical and Quantum
Mechanics of Interacting Atoms," Mayer investigated the theoretical predictions of equations of state (pressure as a function
of volume and temperature), for classical and quantum mechanical systems, and studied fundamental methods of quantum mechanics
and statistical mechanics relating to these equations.
In 1960 Mayer and his wife accepted the offer of professorships at the newly forming campus of the University of California,
San Diego. The Mayers were persuaded to come to San Diego by Clark Kerr, President of the University of California, and Roger
Revelle, Dean of the School of Science and Engineering (precursor of the San Diego campus). Joseph Mayer became one of the
first members of the UC San Diego Department of Chemistry, while Maria Mayer joined the Department of Physics. Joseph Mayer
influenced the structure and development of the graduate chemistry curriculum and served on numerous academic and administrative
With the support of the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, Mayer continued his research grant on "Interacting Atoms" until 1972.
In combination with Kurt Shuler, John Weare, and John Wheeler, Mayer applied for National Science Foundation grant entitled
simply, "Theoretical Chemistry." Mayer also worked as a consultant to the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, the Rand Corporation,
and Midway Laboratories in Chicago. His second textbook,
Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics was published in 1968.
Maria Mayer died in 1972 after a long illness. That year Joseph Mayer married Margaret Griffin. Retiring the following year,
he became a UC San Diego professor emeritus and continued to maintain an office on campus. Freed from academic responsibilities,
he accepted the presidency of the American Physical Society in 1973 and actively attended conferences. He produced a second
edition of Statistical Mechanics in 1977, and continued to write until his death on October 15, 1983.
Mayer maintained an active membership in national organizations, including the National Academy of Sciences, the American
Chemical Society, the American Physical Society, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the American Philosophical
Society. Among numerous awards, he received the Gilbert N. Lewis Medal (1958), the Charles Frederick Chandler Medal (1966),
the Peter Debye Award in Physical Chemistry (1967), and the John G. Kirkwood Medal (1967).
Publication rights are held by the creator of the collection.
Joseph Mayer Papers, MSS 47. Special Collections & Archives, UC San Diego.
Acquired 1984, 1991.
Subjects and Indexing Terms
Chemistry, Physical and theoretical -- History
Chemistry, Physical and theoretical -- Study and teaching
Photographic prints -- 20th century
University of California, San Diego -- Faculty -- Archives
University of California, San Diego -- History -- Archives
Zimm, Bruno Hasbrouck, 1920-2005 -- Correspondence
Jensen, Johannes, 1934- -- Correspondence
Kamen, Martin David, 1913-2002 -- Correspondence
Mayer, Maria Goeppert, 1906-1972 -- Archives
Mayer, Joseph Edward, 1904- -- Archives
Szilard, Leo -- Correspondence
Teller, Edward, 1908-2003 -- Correspondence
Pauling, Linus, 1901-1994 -- Correspondence
Rabi, I. I. (Isidor Isaac), 1898-1988 -- Correspondence
American Physical Society -- Archives
Veblen, Oswald, 1880-1960 -- Correspondence
York, Herbert F. (Herbert Frank) -- Correspondence
Revelle, Roger, 1909-1991 -- Correspondence
Urey, Harold Clayton, 1893-1981 -- Correspondence
Brown, Harrison, 1917-1986 -- Correspondence
Mayer, Maria Goeppert, 1906-1972 -- Correspondence
Arnold, James, 1923-2012 -- Correspondence
Born, Max, 1882-1970 -- Correspondence