Aldous Huxley Oral History Papers: Finding Aid

Processed by Gayle M. Richardson, completed April 1, 1997; machine-readable finding aid created by Xiuzhi Zhou; supplementary encoding and revision by Diann Benti.
The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens
Manuscripts Department
1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108
Phone: (626) 405-2129
Email: reference@huntington.org
URL: http://www.huntington.org
© 1998
The Huntington Library. All rights reserved.


Overview of the Collection

Title: Aldous Huxley Oral History Papers
Dates (inclusive): 1985-1990
Collection Number: mssHM 56777-56907
Creator: Huxley, Aldous, 1894-1963.
Extent: 67 items in 5 boxes (31 interview transcripts and 36 audio tapes)
Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens. Manuscripts Department
1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108
Phone: (626) 405-2129
Email: reference@huntington.org
URL: http://www.huntington.org
Abstract: This collection contains audio cassette interviews and transcripts of interviews with twenty-six people who knew or came into contact with English writer Aldous Huxley (1894-1963) and his family. A majority of the interviewees are people who knew Huxley while he lived in California and, for the most part, cover his life after 1937. Some of the interviews include Lady Juliette Huxley (the widow of Sir Julian Huxley), Christopher Isherwood, Mary Loos, Burgess Meredith, and Lawrence Clark Powell.
Language: English.

Access

Open to qualified researchers by prior application through the Reader Services Department. For more information, contact Reader Services.
The following interviews were restricted until March 2004 (HM 56897-HM 56907): Ellen Hovde (2 interviews and 2 tapes); Laura Huxley (3 interviews and 2 tapes); Matthew Huxley (1 interview and 3 tapes); Rosalind Rajagopal (1 interview and 1 tape); Claire White (1 interview and 1 tape); Jake Zeitlin (2 interviews and 2 tapes); Note: the restricted interviews have not been subject indexed in this finding aid.

Administrative Information

Publication Rights

Transcripts may be copied for research purposes. Tapes may not be copied. Anyone wishing to quote from or publish any of the interviews must obtain written permission from the holder of the Literary Rights:
David K. Dunaway

The University of New Mexico

Department of English Language and Literature

Humanities Building 217

Albuquerque, NM 87131

The Huntington Library does not require that researchers request permission to quote from or publish images of this material, nor does it charge fees for such activities. The responsibility for identifying the copyright holder, if there is one, and obtaining necessary permissions rests with the researcher.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item]. Aldous Huxley Oral History Papers, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

Provenance

Purchased from David K. Dunaway in three installments: April, 1989 (accession number 1456), March, 1990 (accession number 1529), and July, 1992 (accession number 1627).

Biographical Note

English writer Aldous Huxley 1894-1963 was born in Surrey, England, on July 26, 1894, to a family distinguished in science, education and literature. He began writing while at Oxford University. With his first wife, Maria, he departed for California in 1937 and for a time wrote motion picture screenplays. After the death of Maria, Huxley married Laura Archera and together they explored the worlds of Eastern religion and drugs. Huxley died on November 22, 1963. His novels include: Brave New World, The Gioconda Smile, The Doors of Perception, and Brave New World Revisited. He also published poetry and collections of essays. While in California he wrote the scenario for Pride and Prejudice with Jane Murfin (1940) and the treatment for Madame Curie (1943), both for M-G-M. In 1944 he wrote the scenario for 20th Century-Fox's Jane Eyre.

Bibliography

  • Dictionary of Literary Biography. Vol 100. ed. Robert Beum (Detroit: Gale Research Inc.), pp. 127 -138.
  • Twentieth Century Authors, A Biographical Dictionary of Modern Literature. Eds. Stanley J. Kuntiz and Howard Haycraft (New York: The H.W. Wilson Co.), pp. 698 -699.

Scope and Content

This collection contains audio cassette interviews and transcripts of interviews with twenty-six people who knew or came into contact with English writer Aldous Huxley and his family. A majority of the interviewees are people who knew Huxley while he lived in California and, for the most part, cover his life after 1937. There is some material on his early life but it amounts to a very small part of the overall collection.
The following individuals are represented in the papers: Don Bachardy (b. 1934); Sidney Field (1905-1988); Juliette Huxley (b. 1896); Mark Trevenen Huxley; Christopher Isherwood (b. 1904); Mary Loos; Burgess Meredith (b. 1908); Lawrence Clark Powell (b. 1906). Topics discussed in the collection include: the Bates method of othopics, hallucinogenic drugs, LSD, marijuana, mescaline, and pacifism. Persons discussed in the collection include: W.H. Auden, Don Bachardy, Vanessa Bell, H. Abigail Bok, Charlie Chaplin, George Dewey Cukor, Sidney Field, Greta Garbo, George Gershwin, Rose de Haulleville, Gerald Heard, Edwin Powell Hubble, Julian Huxley, Juliette Huxley, Christopher Isherwood, D.H. Lawrence, Frieda von Richthofen Lawrence, Mary Loos, Burgess Merdith, Naomi Mitchison, Lawrence Clark Powell, Siegfried Sassoon, Bernard Shaw, Lytton Strachey, Igor Stravinsky, Virginia Woolf, and Jake Zeitlin.

Arrangement

Arranged in the following manner: 1. Transcripts, HM 56877-56896 (Box 1); 2. Audio cassettes, HM 56877-56896 (Boxes 2-3); 3. Transcripts, HM 56897-56907 (Box 4); 4. Audio cassettes, HM 56897-56907 (Box 5).

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the Huntington Library's Online Catalog.  

Subjects

Auden, W. H. (Wystan Hugh), 1907-1973.
Bachardy, Don, 1934-
Bell, Vanessa, 1879-1961.
Bok, H. Abigail.
Chaplin, Charlie, 1889-1977.
Cukor, George, 1899-1983.
Field, Sidney, 1905-1988.
Garbo, Greta, 1905-1990.
Gershwin, George, 1898-1937.
Haulleville, Rose de.
Heard, Gerald, 1889-1971.
Hubble, Edwin, 1889-1953.
Huxley, Julian, 1887-1975.
Huxley, Juliette, 1896-1994.
Huxley, Mark Trevenen.
Isherwood, Christopher, 1904-1986.
Lawrence, D. H. (David Herbert), 1885-1930.
Lawrence, Frieda, 1879-1956.
Loos, Mary.
Meredith, Burgess, 1907-1997.
Mitchison, Naomi, 1897-1999.
Powell, Lawrence Clark, 1906-2001.
Sassoon, Siegfried, 1886-1967.
Shaw, Bernard, 1856-1950.
Strachey, Lytton, 1880-1932.
Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971.
Woolf, Virginia, 1882-1941.
Zeitlin, Jake, 1902-1987.
Bates method of orthoptics.
Hallucinogenic drugs.
Hallucinogenic drugs and religious experience.
LSD (Drug)
Marijuana.
Mescaline.
Pacifism.

Forms/Genres

Audio cassettes -- 20th century.
Interviews -- 20th century.
Transcripts -- 20th century.

Alternate Authors

Bachardy, Don, 1934-
Bok, H. Abigail.
Field, Sidney, 1905-1988.
Haulleville, Rose de.
Halsey, Dorris.
Hovde, Ellen.
Huxley, Juliette, 1896-1994.
Huxley, Laura Archera.
Huxley, Mark Trevenen.
Huxley, Matthew.
Isherwood, Christopher, 1904-1986.
Loos, Mary.
Meredith, Burgess, 1907-1997.
Mitchison, Naomi, 1897-1999.
Powell, Lawrence Clark, 1906-2001.
Rajagopal, Rosalind.
White, Claire Nicolas, 1925-
Zeitlin, Jake, 1902-1987.

Indexing: Subjects

Additional Note

Acosta, Mercedes de, 1893-1968.
  • In Loos, Mary (HM 56889).
Arno, Peter.
  • In Loos, Mary (HM 56889).
Auden, W.H. (Wystan Hugh), 1907-1973.
  • In Isherwood, Christopher, 1904 -(HM 56884).
Bates Method of orthoptics.
  • In Kiskadden, Peggy (HM 56885), (HM 56886), (HM 56887)
  • In Loos, Mary (HM 56889)
  • In Neveux, Jeanne (HM 56892)
  • In Wessburg, Sigfried (HM 56896).
Bedford, Sybille, 1911 -.
  • In Halsey, Dorris (HM 56880)
  • In Haulleville, Rose de (HM 56881)
  • In Huxley, Juliette, 1896 -(HM 56882)
  • In Huxley, Mark Trevenen (HM 56883)
  • In Kiskadden, Peggy (HM 56885)
  • In Wendel, Betty (HM 56894).
Bell, Vanessa, 1879-1961.
  • In Huxley, Juliette, 1896 -(HM 56882).
Bok, Curtis, 1897-1962.
  • In Haulleville, Rose de (HM 56881)
  • In Kiskadden, Peggy (HM 56885).
Bok, Derek Curtis.
  • In Haulleville, Rose de (HM 56881).
Brett, Dorothy, 1883-1977.
  • In Haulleville, Rose de (HM 56881)
  • In Huxley, Juliette, 1896 -(HM 56882)
  • In Neveux, Jeanne (HM 56892).
Chaplin, Charlie, 1889-1977.
  • In Halsey, Dorris (HM 56880)
  • In Haulleville, Rose de (HM 56881)
  • In Isherwood, Christopher, 1904 -(HM 56884)
  • In Kiskadden, Peggy (HM 56885)
  • In Loos, Mary (HM 56889).
Collier, Constance, 1878-1955.
  • In Loos, Mary (HM 56889).
Cukor, George Dewey, 1899 -.
  • In Barchardy, Don, 1934 -(HM 56877)
  • In Halsey, Dorris (HM 56880)
  • In Isherwood, Christopher, 1904 -(HM 56884)
  • In Kiskadden, Peggy (HM 56887)
  • In Wendel, Betty (HM 56894).
Cunard, Nancy, 1896-1965.
  • In Haulleville, Rose de (HM 56881).
Disney, Walt, 1901 -1966.
  • In Halsey, Dorris (HM 56880).
Garbo, Greta, 1905 -.
  • In Kiskadden, Peggy (HM 56887)
  • In Loos, Mary (HM 56889).
Garrett, Eileen Jeanette Lyttle, 1893-1970.
  • In Huxley, Juliette, 1896 -(HM 56882)
  • In Huxley, Mark Trevenen (HM 56883).
Gershwin, George, 1898-1937.
  • In Loos, Mary (HM 56889).
Gertler, Mark, 1891-1939.
  • In Huxley, Juliette, 1896 -(HM 56882).
Goddard, Paulette.
  • In Isherwood, Christopher, 1904 -(HM 56884)
  • In Loos, Mary (HM 56889)
  • In Meredith, Burgess, 1908 -(HM 56890).
Graves, Robert, 1895 -.
  • In Huxley, Juliette, 1896 -(HM 56882).
Hallucinogenic drugs.
  • In Huxley, Mark Trevenen (HM 56883)
  • In Kiskadden, Peggy (HM 56886).
Hallucinogenic drugs and religious experiences.
  • In Barchardy, Don, 1934 -(HM 56877)
  • In Bok, H. Abigail (56878)
  • In Huxley, Juliette, 1896 -(HM 56882)
  • In Huxley, Mark Trevenen (HM 56883)
  • In Kiskadden, Peggy (HM 56886)
  • In Mitchison, Naomi, 1897 -(HM 56891)
  • In Neveux, Jeanne (HM 56892)
  • In Wendel, Betty (HM 56894), (HM 56895)
  • In Wessburg, Sigfried (HM 56896).
Haulleville, Rose de.
  • In Neveux, Jeanne (HM 56892).
Heard, Gerald, 1889-1971.
  • In Barchardy, Don, 1934 -(HM 56877)
  • In Bok, H. Abigail (HM 56878)
  • In Haulleville, Rose de (HM 56881)
  • In Huxley, Juliette, 1896 -(HM 56882)
  • In Isherwood, Christopher, 1904 -(HM 56884)
  • In Kiskadden, Peggy (HM 56885)
  • In Le Put, Marie (HM 56888)
  • In Loos, Mary (HM 56889)
  • In Powell, Lawrence Clark, 1906 -(HM 56893)
  • In Wendel, Betty (HM 56894).
Hepburn, Audrey, 1929 -.
  • In Barchardy, Don, 1934 -(HM 56877).
Hovde, Ellen.
  • In Haulleville, Rose de (HM 56881)
  • In Huxley, Mark Trevenen (HM 56883).
Hubble, Edwin Powell, 1889-1953.
  • In Kiskadden, Peggy (HM 56885)
  • In Loos, Mary (HM 56889)
  • In Meredith, Burgess, 1908 -(HM 56890).
Hubble, Grace Burke, d. 1980.
  • In Kiskadden, Peggy (HM 56885)
  • In Le Put, Marie (HM 56888)
  • In Loos, Mary (HM 56889).
Hughes, Howard, 1905-1976.
  • In Loos, Mary (HM 56889).
Huxley, Julian, 1887-1975.
  • In Haulleville, Rose de (HM 56881)
  • In Huxley, Juliette, 1896-(HM 56882)
  • In Huxley, Mark Trevenen (HM 56883)
  • In Isherwood, Christopher, 1904 -(HM 56884)
  • In Kiskadden, Peggy (HM 56885)
  • In Mitchison, Naomi, 1897 -(HM 56891)
  • In Wendel, Betty (HM 56894).
Huxley, Laura Archera.
  • In Haulleville, Rose de (HM 56881)
  • In Huxley, Mark Trevenen (HM 56883)
  • In Kiskadden, Peggy (HM 56885)
  • In Le Put, Marie (HM 56888)
  • In Neveux, Jeanne (HM 56892)
  • In Wendel, Betty (HM 56894), (HM 56895)
  • In Wessburg, Sigfried (HM 56896).
Huxley, Matthew.
  • In Haulleville, Rose de (HM 56881)
  • In Huxley, Mark Trevenen (HM 56883)
  • In Isherwood, Christopher, 1904 -(HM 56884)
  • In Kiskadden, Peggy (HM 56885)
  • In Wendel, Betty (HM 56894)
  • In Wessburg, Sigfried (HM 56896).
Huxley, Maria.
  • In Haulleville, Rose de (HM 56881)
  • In Huxley, Juliette, 1896 -(HM 56882)
  • In Isherwood, Christopher, 1904 -(HM 56884)
  • In Kiskadden, Peggy (HM 56885), (HM 56887)
  • In Le Put, Marie (HM 56888); Loos, Mary (HM 56889)
  • In Meredith, Burgess, 1908 -(HM 56890)
  • In Mitchison, Naomi, 1897 -(HM 56891)
  • In Neveux, Jeanne (HM 56892)
  • In Wendel, Betty (HM 56894), (HM 56895)
  • In Wessburg, Sigfried (HM 56896).
Isherwood, Christopher, 1904 -.
  • In Barchardy, Don, 1934 -(HM 56877)
  • In Bok, H. Abigail (HM 56878)
  • In Haulleville, Rose de (HM 56881)
  • In Kiskadden, Peggy (HM 56885)
  • In Meredith, Burgess, 1908 -(HM 56890)
  • In Powell, Lawrence Clark, 1906 -(HM 56893)
  • In Wessburg, Sigfried (HM 56896).
Kiskadden, Peggy.
  • In Haulleville, Rose de (HM 56881)
  • In Le Put, Marie (HM 56888).
Krishnamurti, J., 1895 -.
  • In Field, Sidney, 1905-1988 (HM 56879)
  • In Haulleville, Rose de (HM 56881)
  • In Kiskadden, Peggy (HM 56885)
  • In Loos, Mary (HM 56889)
  • In Wessburg, Sigfried (HM 56896).
Lawrence, D.H. (David Herbert), 1885-1930.
  • In Haulleville, Rose de (HM 56881).
Lawrence, Frieda von Richthofen, 1879-1956.
  • In Haulleville, Rose de (HM 56881)
  • In Huxley, Juliette, 1896 -(HM 56882)
  • In Kiskadden, Peggy (HM 56885)
  • In Powell, Lawrence Clark, 1906 -(HM 56893).
Leary, Timothy Francis, 1920 -.
  • In Field, Sidney, 1905-1988 (HM 56879).
Litvak, Anatole, 1902-1974.
  • In Loos, Mary (HM 56889).
Loos, Anita, 1894-1981.
  • In Halsey, Dorris (HM 56880)
  • In Kiskadden, Peggy (HM 56885), (HM 56887)
  • In Loos, Mary (HM 56889)
  • In Wendel, Betty (HM 56894), (HM 56895).
LSD (Drug).
  • In Field, Sidney, 1905-1988 (HM 56879)
  • In Haulleville, Rose de (HM 56881)
  • In Huxley, Mark Trevenen (HM 56883)
  • In Kiskadden, Peggy (HM 56886), (HM 56887).
Marijuana.
  • In Huxley, Mark Trevenen (HM 56883).
Mescaline.
  • In Kiskadden, Peggy (HM 56886), (HM 56887)
  • In Mitchison, Naomi, 1897 -(HM 56891)
  • In Neveux, Jeanne (HM 56892)
  • In Wendel, Betty (HM 56894).
Morrell, Ottoline Violet Anne Cavendish-Bentinck, Lady, 1873-1938.
  • In Haulleville, Rose de (HM 56881)
  • In Huxley, Juliette, 1896 -(HM 56882)
  • In Kiskadden, Peggy (HM 56885)
  • In Loos, Mary (HM 56889)
  • In Neveux, Jeanne (HM 56892).
Ogden, C.K. (Charles Kay), 1889-1957.
  • In Powell, Lawrence Clark, 1906 -(HM 56893).
Pacifism.
  • In Isherwood, Christopher, 1904 -(HM 56884)
  • In Kiskadden, Peggy (HM 56885), (HM 56887)
  • In Mitchison, Naomi, 1897 -(HM 56891)
  • In Wendel, Betty (HM 56894).
Pascal, Gabriel, 1894-1954.
  • In Halsey, Dorris (HM 56880).
Rajagopal, Rosalind.
  • In Field, Sidney, 1905-1988 (HM 56879)
  • In Haulleville, Rose de (HM 56881)
  • In Kiskadden, Peggy (HM 56885).
Rhine, J.B. (Joseph Banks), 1895-1980.
  • In Huxley, Juliette, 1896 -(HM 56882).
Russell, Bertrand, 1872-1970.
  • In Huxley, Juliette, 1896 -(HM 56882).
Sale, Richard, 1911 -.
  • In Loos, Mary (HM 56889).
Sassoon, Siegfried, 1886-1967.
  • In Huxley, Juliette, 1896 -(HM 56882).
Shaw, Bernard, 1856-1950.
  • In Isherwood, Christopher, 1904 -(HM 56884)
  • In Kiskadden, Peggy (HM 56885).
Strachey, Lytton, 1880-1932.
  • In Huxley, Juliette, 1896 -(HM 56882).
Stravinsky, Igor, 1892-1971.
  • In Kiskadden, Peggy (HM 56885), (HM 56887)
  • In Le Put, Marie (HM 56888)
  • In Meredith, Burgess, 1908 -(HM 56890).
Thalberg, Irving G., 1899-1936.
  • In Loos, Mary (HM 56889).
Vidor, King, 1894-1982.
  • In Loos, Mary (HM 56889).
Viertel, Salka.
  • In Kiskadden, Peggy (HM 56887)
  • In Loos, Mary (HM 56889).
Wessberg, Sigfried.
  • In Haulleville, Rose de (HM 56881).
White, Claire.
  • In Neveux, Jeanne (HM 56892).
Wood, Christopher, 1911 -.
  • In Bok, H. Abigail (HM 56878)
  • In Isherwood, Christopher, 1904 -(HM 56884)
  • In Kiskadden, Peggy (HM 56885).
Woolf, Virginia, 1882-1941.
  • In Huxley, Juliette, 1896 -(HM 56882).
Zeitlin, Jake, 1902 -.
  • In Kiskadden, Peggy (HM 56885)
  • In Powell, Lawrence Clark, 1906 -(HM 56893).

Collection Contents

 

Transcripts

Arrangement

The materials are filed alphabetically and then chronologically by date of interview.
Box 1

Transcripts (HM 56877-56896)

 

Bachardy, Don, 1934 -. 1989 September 18 HM 56877 

1 transcript; 1 audio cassette
 

Bok, H. Abigail. 1989 September 17 HM 56878 

1 transcript; 1 audio cassette
 

Field, Sidney, 1905-1988. 1985 August 13 HM 56879 

1 transcript; 1 audio cassette
 

Halsey, Dorris. 1985 August 12 HM 56880 

1 transcript; 1 audio cassette
 

Haulleville, Rose de. 1985 August 11 HM 56881 

1 transcript; 1 audio cassette
 

Huxley, Juliette, 1896 -. 1985 July 5 HM 56882 

1 transcript; 2 audio cassettes
 

Huxley, Mark Trevenen. 1985 July 12 HM 56883 

1 transcript; 1 audio cassette
 

Isherwood, Christopher, 1904 -. 1985 June 2 HM 56884 

1 transcript; 2 audio cassettes
 

Kiskadden, Peggy. 1985 May 31 HM 56885 

1 transcript; 2 audio cassettes
 

Kiskadden, Peggy. 1985 June 3 HM 56886 

1 transcript; 1 audio cassette
 

Kiskadden, Peggy. 1988 August 13 HM 56887 

1 transcript; 1 audio cassette
 

Le Put, Marie. 1986 July 10 HM 56888 

1 transcript; 1 audio cassette
 

Loos, Mary.. 1986 July 10 HM 56889 

1 transcript; 2 audio cassettes
 

Meredith, Burgess, 1908 -. 1986 August 7 HM 56890 

1 transcript; 1 audio cassette
 

Mitchison, Naomi, 1897 -. 1990 June 19 HM 56891 

1 transcript; 1 audio cassette
 

Neveux, Jeanne. 1985 July 8 HM 56892 

1 transcript; 1 audio cassette
 

Powell, Lawrence Clark, 1906 -. 1985 December 10 HM 56893 

1 transcript; 1 audio cassette
 

Wendel, Betty. 1985 June 2 HM 56894 

1 transcript; 2 audio cassettes
 

Wendel, Betty. 1985 August 14 HM 56895 

1 transcript; 1 audio cassette
 

Wessberg, Sigfried [sic]. 1988 February 3 HM 56896 

1 transcript; 1 audio cassette
Box 4

Transcripts (previously restricted) (HM 56897-56907)

Consists of interviews with: Ellen Hovde; Laura Huxley; Matthew Huxley; Rosalind Rajagopal; Claire White; and Jake Zeitlin.
 

Audio-cassette interviews

Arrangement

The audio tapes (corresponding to the above transcripts) are arranged alphabetically by interviewee and then chronologically by date of interview.
Box 2

Audio cassettes (HM 56877-56887)

Box 3

Audio cassettes (HM 56888-56896)

Box 5

Audio cassettes (previously restricted) (HM 56897-56907)