Preliminary Inventory of the Robert Charlwood Richardson papers, 1917-1954

Finding aid prepared by Hoover Institution Archives staff, revised by Beth Goder
Hoover Institution Archives
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Stanford University
Stanford, CA, 94305-6010
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© 2000, 2013, 2016


Title: Robert Charlwood Richardson, Jr. papers
Date (inclusive): 1917-1954
Collection Number: 68029
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Material: English
Physical Description: 74 manuscript boxes (30.9 linear feet)
Abstract: Correspondence, bulletins, directives, maps, and photographs relating to American military operations in the Pacific Theater during World War II and the American Expeditionary Forces in World War I.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
creator: Richardson, Robert C. (Robert Charlwood)

Access

Boxes 11A, 38, 41-42, 47, 52, 55-57, 61, 63-64 and 73-74 are open for research. All others may not be used without permission of the Archivist. Please contact the Hoover Institution Archives for more information.
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Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Robert Charlwood Richardson papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Materials were acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1968.

Accruals

Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Related Collections

Delos Carleton Emmons papers, Hoover Institution Archives William Edward Hammer processed volume, Hoover Institution Archives Raymond B. Jordan collection, Hoover Institution Archives Henry J. Muller, Jr. papers, Hoover Institution Archives

Biographical Note

1882 Born, Charleston, South Carolina
1900-1904 Cadet, United States Military Academy at West Point (USMA)
Circa 1904-1905 Served in the 14th Calvary Regiment during the Philippine–American War
1905 Wounded in action at Cotta Usap
1906-1911 Assistant instructor of modern languages, United States Military Academy at West Point (USMA)
1914-1916 Assistant professor of English, United States Military Academy at West Point (USMA)
1917 Aide to Major General T. H. Barry
  Author, <title render="italic">West Point: An Intimate Picture of the National Military Academy</title>
1918-1919 Liaison officer, American Expeditionary Forces
1919 Joined Morale Division, War Plans Division, War Department General Staff, Washington DC
1920-1923 Assistant to assistant chief of staff for operations, Headquarters, Philippine Department, Manila
1924-1926 Attended Ecole Supérieure de Guerre, Paris
1926-1928 Military attaché, Rome, Italy
1929-1933 Commandant of cadets, United States Military Academy at West Point (USMA)
1933 Attended Army War College, Washington
1938 Given command of the 2nd Cavalry Brigade at Fort Bliss, Texas
1940-1941 Commanded the 1st Calvary Division Fort Bliss, Texas
1941 Director, Bureau of Public Relations, War Department
1943- Military governor of Hawaii
  Commanding general of U.S. Army forces in the Pacific Ocean area
  Commanding general of the Hawaiian Department
1954 Died
  Posthumously promoted to general

Scope and Contents of Collection

The papers document the military career of General Robert Charlwood Richardson, Jr., who served in World War I and World War II. Materials include correspondence, memoranda, bulletins, directives, maps, and photographs relating to American military operations in the Pacific Theater during World War II and the American Expeditionary Forces in World War I.
As an aide to Major General T. H. Barry, Richardson traveled with Barry to Europe in 1917. Since Richardson could speak French, he became a liaison officer for the American Expeditionary Forces during World War I. The collection includes materials related to the American Expeditionary Forces and volumes of information summaries.
During World War II, Richardson became the military governor of Hawaii and the commander of Army personnel in the Pacific. He was present aboard the USS Missouri during Japan's surrender in 1945. The collection contains correspondence, memoranda, reports, and photographs related to Richardson's service, as well as history volumes documenting the United States Armed Forces in the Middle Pacific. Also included are materials concerning martial law in Hawaii and suspension of the right of habeas corpus during Richardson's service as military governor.

Index to Major Groups

37
Biographical file
1-4, 7
World War I
5-6, 8-11
Interwar period
12-57
World War II
63-71
Correspondence
12, 37
Speeches and writings
36, 38, 61-62
Photographs

Subjects and Indexing Terms

United States. Army--Officers.
Hawaii.
United States--Armed Forces.
World War, 1914-1918.
World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Pacific Ocean.
World War, 1939-1945--Hawaii.
World War, 1939-1945.

Box 1-4

American Expeditionary Forces, 1917-1919

Scope and Contents note

See also: Ecole Supérieure de Guerre, Box 8-9.
Box 1-2

General, 1917-1919

Box 2-3

"Summary of Information, Second Section, General Staff, General Headquarters," 1917 October-1918 October

Box 3

"Summary of Air Information, Second Section, General Staff, General Headquarters," 1918 March-November

 

"Summary of Intelligence, Second Section, General Staff, General Headquarters," 1918 April-November

Box 4

"Press Review, Second Section, General Staff, General Headquarters," 1917 December-1919 June

Box 5-6

Philippine Department, 1921-1922

Box 5-6

"Orders, Bulletins, and Memoranda," volume 1 to 3, 1921-1922

Scope and Contents note

Prepared by Personnel Division, General Staff (G1), Philippine Department.
Box 6

"Studies, Orders, Bulletins and Other Papers," by Robert C. Richardson, 2 volumes, 1921-1922

Box 7, 36, 61

Military books and pamphlets, 1906-1938

Scope and Contents note

Mainly related to World War I.
Box 8-9

Ecole Supérieure de Guerre, Paris, 1911-1934

Scope and Contents note

Includes materials related to the American Expeditionary Forces.
Box 10-11

"Third Army Command Post Exercises," 6 volumes, 1936

Box 12-23

Central Pacific Command, 1941-1949

Scope and Contents note

See also: declassified materials in Box 73-74.
Box 12

Joint communications, Central Pacific area, 1942-1945

Scope and Contents note

Includes communications, memoranda, speeches, and conference data, as well as "Where Do We Stand?" and "Inauguration Address" by Richardson.
Box 12-14

Central Pacific combat and status reports, 1942-1945

Scope and Contents note

Includes reports on Aitutaki, Angaur, Baker, Bora Bora, Efate, Fanning, Makin, Marshall Islands, New Zealand, Nukufetau, Palmyra, Penrhyn (Tongareua), Russell Islands, Tongatabu, Tulagi, Tutuila, Upolu, and Wallis; reports on participation in the Galvanic Operation in the Gilbert Islands and the Kwajalein and Eniwetok Operations; and transcripts of telephone conversations.
Box 15-16

Military combat reports, 1944-1949

Scope and Contents note

Includes Richardson's notes on operations in the Gilbert and Marshall Islands.
Box 17-20

Correspondence and communication files, 1942-1946

Scope and Contents note

Includes Commanding General, U.S. Army Forces, Pacific Ocean Areas (COMGENPOA) and Commander-In-Chief, Pacific Ocean Areas (CINCPOA) files.
Box 21

Correspondence, memoranda, summaries of meetings, and MacArthur file, 1941-1945

Scope and Contents note

Includes correspondence with John McCloy.
Box 22-23

Orders, reports, memoranda, and subject files, 1942-1946

Box 24-31

Military Governor of Hawaii, 1941-1946

Box 24-25, 30

"Wartime Security Controls in Hawaii, 1941-1945: A General Historical Survey," part 1 to 8, 1945

Box 25-27

Martial law, 1941-1946

Scope and Contents note

See also: declassified materials in Box 74.
Box 27-28

Investigation related to Joseph Petrowski, 1946

Box 28-29

Habeas corpus cases, 1942-1946

Scope and Contents note

Includes materials concerning case of Lloyd C. Duncan. See also: declassified materials in Box 74.
Box 31

Civil affairs, 1943-1945

Box 32-33

World War II administrative and policy documents, correspondence, demobilization file, and personnel in Japan, 1941-1946

Box 34

Public Relations Bureau, War Department, 1941, 1945

Scope and Contents note

Includes correspondence with Julius Klein discussing the possibility of a motion picture film.
Box 35-36

Saipan incident, Holland Smith/Ralph Smith controversy, 1944, 1948-1949

Scope and Contents note

See also: declassified materials in Box 73.
Box 37

Speeches and writings, 1944-1960

Scope and Contents note

Includes first two chapters of Richardson's memoirs, published in the WDBPR veteran's newsletter.
Box 37

Biographical file, 1944-1962

Scope and Contents note

Includes clippings about Richardson and photograph.
Box 38

Photographic portraits of Richardson, February 17, 1942

Box 38

VII Corps, administrative files and photographs, 1941

Box 38

VII Corps Training photographs (7 files) circa 1941-1943

Scope and Contents note

Includes parades, training scenes, airplanes, calvary, and many group photographs. Also includes some Richardson portraits at training areas.
Box 38

Report of the VII Corps Exercises, October 1941

Box 38

VII Corps reports and correspondence, 1941-1943

Box 38

Fort Bliss, Texas, housing issues reports and correspondence, 1941

Box 38

VII Corps training reports for the 81st, 79th, and 73rd divisions, 1943

Box 38

Western Defense Command report, 1941

Box 38

VII Corps and Western Defense Command reports, March-April 1942

Scope and Contents note

Includes Defense of the Continental U.S. reports
Box 39

U.S. Air Force and radar reports and materials, 1944-1955

Box 39

1942

Box 39

Airdrome lists, South Pacific Area, undated

Box 39

Radar in Hawaii 1943-1945

Box 39

7th Air Force Operations, November 1943-January 1944

Scope and Contents note

Includes photographs
Box 39

South Pacific Report, 1943

Box 39

Air Forces Report, 1941

Box 39

Report from Australian Air Corps, September 1942

Box 39

Correspondence on Air Commands, August 1943-February 1944

Box 39

Correspondence on Air Commands, January - May, 1945

Box 39

Messages regarding Air Force units, July 1945-1946

Box 39

Air Force Manual Revision, 1945

Box 40-57

History volumes, "United States Army Forces, Middle Pacific and Predecessor Commands," 1941-1945

Box 40

History of Adjutant General's Office, Artillery Section and Chaplain's Section

Box 41-42

"History of Chemical Warfare," undated

Box 41

Volume I to III

Box 42

Volume IV to V

Box 43-44

"History of Engineer Section," undated

Box 43

Volume I to II

Box 44

Volume III to IV

Box 45

"History of an Exchange and Fiscal Section," 1941-1945

Box 46

"History of the G-1 Section," 1941-1945

Box 47

"History of G-2 Section" and "History of G-4 Section," 1941-1945

Box 48

"History of the G-4 Section" and "History of G-5 Section," 1941-1945

Box 49

"History of H.Q. Commandant, Appendix," "Office of the Surgeon," and "History of Ordinance Section," 1941-1945

Box 50-52

"History of Provost Marshal's Office," 1941-1945

Box 52

"History of the G-3 Section" and "Replacement Training Offices," 1941-1945

Box 53

"History of Public Relations," "History of Quarter Master," "History of Judge Advocate's Office," and "History of Replacement Sections," 1941-1945

Box 54

"History of Signal," "History of Special Service," "History of the Inspector General's Section," and "History of the Transportation Section," 1941-1945

Box 55-57

World War II department histories, undated

Box 55

Volume 1 to 5

Box 56

Volume 6 to 10

Box 57

Volume 11 to 15

Box 58

Maps, memoranda, and history of Army port and service command, 1943-1947, undated

Box 59

World War II correspondence and memoranda, public relations file, Army and Navy relationships file, 1944-1945

Box 60, 72

Correspondence, memoranda, orders, and directives pertaining to Hawaii and the Pacific Ocean and public relations file, 1943-1945

Box 61

Military books and pamphlets, 1917-1938

Box 61

Army Officers' manuals

Box 61

"An Army Interlude: Kilauea Military Camp," brochure, circa 1944

Box 61-62

Signal Corps photographs

Box 61

General Richardson's office in Hawaii, undated

Scope and Contents note

1 album containing 22 prints.
Box 61

General Richardson's residence, Fort Shafter, undated

Scope and Contents note

1 album containing 22 prints.
Box 61

Pearl Harbor and Pacific Islands, World War II, 1944

Scope and Contents note

1 album containing 31 prints.
Box 62

Pacific Islands, World War II, 1944-1945

Scope and Contents note

1 album.
 

Army University Center, Oahu; Schofield barracks, 1945-1946

Scope and Contents note

1 album.
Photographs 62

General World War II photographs, 1944-1945, undated

Scope and Contents note

Mainly groups of officers and soldiers, some including cars, airplanes, and other machinery. Also includes aerial shots from an airplane.
Photographs 62

Visitors to Headquarters, South Pacific Base Command, circa 1944-1945

Scope and Contents note

Includes captions for each image
Photographs 62

Groups of officers and soldiers in Oahu, 1944-1945

Photographs 62

Oahu and Saipan, 1944-1945

Scope and Contents note

Mainly individuals and groups of military men
Photographs 62

Iwo Jima, Tinian, and Palaus, 1944

Photographs 62

Okinawa, 1945

Photographs 62

Guam, 1944

Box 63-71

Correspondence, 1941-1946

Box 63

Number 1 to 300, Personal, A-Z, A-B 1941-1946

Box 64

Number 301 to 550, 1941-1946

Box 65

Number 551 to 800, 1941-1946

Box 66

Number 801 to 950, 1941-1946

Box 67

Number 951 to 1100, 1941-1946

Box 68

Number 1101 to 1300, 1941-1946

Box 69

Number 1301 to 1500, 1941-1946

Box 70

Number 1501 to 1800, 1941-1946

Box 71

Number 1801 to 2201, 1941-1946

Box 73-74

Declassified U.S. government records, 1943-1946

Scope and Contents note

Formerly security-classified records of the U.S. government, released in full or in part. Includes some interfield records determined by the government to be unclassified. Arranged chronologically by date of release by Hoover.
Box 73

2015 May release of records, 1944

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, memoranda, and reports related to Saipan and Holland Smith/Ralph Smith, arranged chronologically. For related materials, see Box 35-36.
Box 73-74

2016 January release of records, 1943-1946

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, reports, memoranda, orders, and other communications related to Central Pacific Command and Richardson's role as Military Governor of Hawaii (specifically martial law and habeas corpus cases), arranged by original box number and folder title, then chronologically thereunder. The materials originally were in Boxes 12, 14, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 26, and 28.