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Register of the Nym Wales papers
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Accruals
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Separated Materials Note

  • Title: Nym Wales papers
    Date (inclusive): 1931-1998
    Collection Number: 58002
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
    Language of Material: English, Chinese, and Arabic
    Physical Description: 69 manuscript boxes, 3 oversize boxes, 11 oversize folders, 1 oversize envelope, 1 album box, 2 slide boxes, 2 videocassettes (29.0 linear feet)
    Abstract: Personal and collected correspondence, speeches and writings, news dispatches, interviews, reports, memoranda, organizational records, and photographs relating to the Chinese communists; the industrial cooperative movement, student movement, and labor movement in China; the Sian incident, 1936; the Sino-Japanese Conflict; and Chinese art and literature.
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives.
    Creator: Wales, Nym, 1907-1997.


    Collection open for research.
    Use copies of some videorecordings in this collection are available for immediate access. To listen to sound recordings or to view other videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Nym Wales papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1958 with additional increments received from 1982 to 2011.


    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Biographical Note

    *Nym Wales is the pseudonym of Helen Foster Snow, also known in various contexts as Peggy Snow, Hseuh Hai-lun, and Lo Fu.
    1907 September 21 Born, Cedar City, Utah
    1925-1927 Student, University of Utah
    1931-1941 Lived in China and the Philippine Islands, held positions as a journalist, book reviewer, and editor
    1932 Married Edgar Snow (divorced, 1949)
    1934-1935 Student, Yenching University and Tsinghua University
    1937 Visited the headquarters of Chinese Communist leaders in Yenan for four months
    1937 Co-founder of Democracy magazine
    1938 Co-founder of the Chinese Industrial Cooperative movement in Shanghai
    1939 Author, Inside Red China
    1941-1951 Board of Directors, American Committee in Aid of Chinese Industrial Cooperatives
    1941 Co-author with Kim San, Song of Arian: The Life Story of an Asian Revolutionary
    1941 Author, China Builds for Democracy: A Story of Cooperative Industry
    1945 Author, The Chinese Labor Movement
    1952 Editor, Red Dust: Autobiographies of Chinese Communists as Told to Nym Wales
    1952 Author, Fables and Parables for the Mid-Century
    1958-1961 Author and compiler, Historical Notes on China, 6 volumes designed to accompany the Nym Wales Collection at the Hoover Institution: Notes on the Chinese Student Movement, 1935-1936; Notes on the Sian Incident, 1936; Notes on Korea and the Life of Kim San; My Yenan Notebooks; Notes on the Left-Wing Painters and Modern Art in China; Notes on the Beginnings of the Industrial Cooperatives in China
    1967 Author, Women in Modern China
    1972 Author, The Chinese Communists (in part a reprint of Red Dust)
    1972-1973 Travelled in the Far East, including mainland China
    1984 Author, My China Years: A Memoir
    1997 January 11 Died, Guilford, Connecticut

    Scope and Content of Collection

    Personal and collected correspondence, speeches and writings, news dispatches, interviews, reports, memoranda, organizational records, and photographs relating to the Chinese communists; the industrial cooperative movement, student movement, and labor movement in China; the Sian incident, 1936; the Sino-Japanese Conflict; and Chinese art and literature.
    An increment added in 2011 includes Wales's unpublished manuscript, in which she gave penetrating insights into the occurrences in Tiananmen Square on June 4, 1989, Chinese-American relations, globalism, and a reflection on her eighty-second birthday in 1989; as well as her correspondence with Communist Chinese provincial organizations and friends within and outside the United States in the late 1980s and the early 1990s.

    Separated Materials Note

    Additional material constituting part of the Nym Wales Collection can be located by consulting the following Hoover Institution Library card catalogs: Main catalog, Integrated Book Collection catalog, Society Publications catalog, Serials catalog, Newspaper catalog; and in the East Asia Collection--Chinese catalog, Chinese periodical catalog, and particularly, the Special Collection card file.
    Printed material of the following organizations and publications has been integrated into the society publication, serial, and newspaper collections of the library:
    • Allied Labor News
    • Amerasia
    • Asia
    • Asia and the Americas
    • Asian Horizen
    • C.B.I. Roundup
    • Central News Agency, Peiping Branch
    • China Aid Council, newsletter
    • China Air Mail
    • China at War
    • China Clipper
    • China Critic
    • China Defense League
    • China Defense League, newsletter
    • China Digest
    • China Forum (Shanghai)
    • China Information Bulletin
    • China Information Committee, news releases
    • China Information Service, newsletter
    • China Magazine
    • China Press Weekly
    • China Reference Series
    • China Today
    • China Weekly Review
    • China Welfare Appeal
    • China Youth
    • Chinese Affairs
    • Chinese delegation to the U.N., official press releases
    • Chinese Nation
    • Chinese News Service, special features and releases, Voice of China weekly edition
    • Chinese Opinions on Current Events
    • Chinese Press Editorials (Reuters translation)
    • Chinese Recorder
    • Chinese Workers' Correspondence
    • Chinese Workers' Pictorial
    • Chinese Writers Monthly
    • Chinese Youth
    • C.I.C. Newsletter
    • Chengtu News Bulletin
    • Committee for a Democratic Policy toward China, information bulletin
    • Committee for a Democratic Far Eastern Policy
    • Contemporary China
    • Current Comment on Events in China
    • Daily Worker (London)
    • Democratic Youth
    • Far East Bulletin
    • Far East Spotlight
    • Far Eastern Mirror
    • Far Eastern Policy News
    • Far Eastern Quarterly
    • Far Eastern Review
    • Far Eastern Survey
    • Gung Ho News
    • Indian Information
    • Indusco Bulletin
    • Indusco C.I.C. News from China
    • Indusco, Inc. American Committee in Aid of Chinese Industrial Cooperatives
    • International Literature
    • International Press Correspondence
    • Korean Independence
    • Kuo Min News Agency
    • Labour Monthly
    • Left News
    • Nankai Social and Economic Quarterly
    • National Reconstruction Journal
    • New China Review
    • New China Weekly News Letter
    • News of China
    • Northwest Indusco News
    • Oriental Affairs (Shanghai)
    • The Outlook
    • Pacific Affairs
    • Pacific Digest
    • Peoples Age
    • Philippines Herald
    • Photo-History
    • The Sentinel
    • Service d'archives, bulletin mensuel
    • The Showdown (Shanghai)
    • Southwest Indusco News
    • Szechuan Weekly Bulletin
    • Tass translation service
    • United China Relief
    • Voice of China (China news by shortwave radio)
    • Voks Bulletin
    • Znamia

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Chinese industrial cooperatives.
    Chinese literature.
    Cooperative societies--China.
    Labor movement--China.
    Sino-Japanese War, 1937-1945.
    Youth movements--China.
    China--Economic conditions--1912-1949.
    China--History--Republic, 1912-1949.
    China--History--Civil War, 1945-1949.
    China--Politics and government--1912-1949.
    Video tapes.