This collection of papers consists of correspondence, reports, printed pamphlets,
and broadsides relating to Louisiana after its occupation by Spain. The Louisiana territory comprised
the Lower Mississippi River Valley, upstream to St. Louis and the Illinois country, as well as West
Florida and the Texas and Arkansas area.
Much of the correspondence is that of the Spanish
governors or lieutenant governors with their superiors in Spain, as well as with local commandants of
remote trading posts, Indian agents, squaw-men, untutored men of the border, or Indians (speaking
through interpreters) The manuscripts reflect the trilingual character of the inhabitants - Spanish,
French, and English - and the international conflict for possession of the lower Mississippi Valley,
i.e., French Louisiana. As New Orleans was the capital of the province, most of the letters and reports
are dated there, but others came from agents and correspondents throughout the entire region.
Copyright has not been assigned to The Bancroft Library. All requests for permission to publish or
quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Head of Public Services. Permission for
publication is given on behalf of The Bancroft Library as the owner of the physical items and is not
intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the