Guide to the Robert Underwood Johnson papers, 1889-1924

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Note

Biological and Medical Sciences --Agriculture --Forestry History --History, California --History, Central Valley/Sierra Geographical (by Place) --California --Central Valley/Sierra

Guide to the Robert Underwood Johnson Papers, 1889-1924

Collection number: BANC MSS C-B 385

The Bancroft Library



University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, California

Contact Information:

Processed by:
The Bancroft Library staff
Encoded by:
Xiuzhi Zhou
© 1997 The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

Collection Summary

Collection Title: Robert Underwood Johnson Papers,
Date (inclusive): 1889-1924
Collection Number: BANC MSS C-B 385
Creator: Johnson, Robert Underwood, 1853-1937
Extent: Number of containers: 8 boxes (1245 folders),1 oversize folder
Repository: The Bancroft Library.
Berkeley, California 94720-6000
Physical Location: For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.
Abstract: Chiefly concerning conservation of the Yosemite area, including campaign, 1913, against Hetch Hetchy reservoir. Material relating to Sequoia, General Grant and other national parks and to forest reserves included. A few printed items: reports, circulars, copies of laws, etc., with the papers. Includes 146 letters of John Muir and letters from General and Mrs. John Bidwell, Mr. and Mrs. James Mason Hutchings, Charles D. Robinson, George G. Mackenzie, Edward T. Parsons, William E. Colby, Charles Howard Shinn, and other Californians, and John W. Noble, Gifford Pinchot, Oliver Wolcott Gibbs, Henry Fairfield Osborn, Theodore Roosevelt. George Bird Grinnell and others prominent on the national scene.
Languages Represented: English

Information for Researchers

Access

Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to The Bancroft Library. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Head of Public Services. Permission for publication is given on behalf of The Bancroft Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Robert Underwood Johnson papers, BANC MSS C-B 385, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

Material Cataloged Separately

Printed Material

  • California. Commissioners to manage the Yosemite Valley and Mariposa Big Tree Grove. Report, 1866-7 (San Francisco. Towne & Bacon, 1868).
  • California. Commisioners to manage the Yosemite Valley ... Rules, Regulations and By-Laws ... (Sacramento ... 1885)
  • Rules and Regulations of the Yosemite National Park (Facsimile signature, John W. Noble, Secretary of the Interior).
  • McLean, John T. Statement concerning Senate Bill no. 2708 and House Bill no. 7712 ... [1896]
  • Manson, Marsden. A statement of San Francisco's side of the Hetch Hetchy Reservoir matter ... Dec. 30, 1909.
  • The Water Users Association of the Modesto and Turlock Irrigation Districts ... Available sources of water supply for San Francisco ... [1913?]
  • Miller, Clement H. Address ... before the San Francisco Center of the California Civic League ... 1913.
  • Chittenden, H. M. Forests and reservoirs ... 1908 (reprinted from the American Society of Civil Engineers. Proceedings, v. xxiv, p. 924[?].
  • U.S. Department of the Interior. Report of the Advisory Board of Army Engineers to the Secretary of the Interior ... relative to sources of water supply for San Francisco ... 1913.
  • Boone and Crockett Club. Brief History ... with officers, constitution and list of members for the year 1910.

Maps

  • Le Conte, John N. (Compiled for the Sierra Club) -1893:

    Map of a portion of the Sierra Nevada adjacent to the King's River.
  • Le Conte, John N. (Compiled for the Sierra Club) -1893:

    Map of a portion of the Sierra Nevada adjacent to Yosemite and Hetch Hetchy Valleys.

Biography

Robert Underwood Johnson, author, conservationist, and diplomat, was born in New York in 1853. For more than forty years he was associated with The Century Magazine. Associate Editor under Richard Watson Gilder, he succeeded to the editorship from 1909-1913. In 1920-1921 he served as Ambassador to Italy and represented the United States at the San Remo Conference. After his return to this country he devoted himself chiefly to the publication of poetry and his memoirs, Remembered Yesterdays, until his death in 1937.
In the summer of 1889, Johnson came to California to organize a series of articles for The Century. He met John Muir and with him visited Yosemite -an experience which profoundly influenced his life. He spent the next twenty five years actively promoting all the movements to safeguard the natural beauty of the West. He aided campaigns to make Yosemite Valley and the Sequoia Big Tree groves National Parks. In 1913, he spearheaded in the East the unsuccessful fight to preserve the Hetch Hetchy Valley from becoming the reservoir for San Francisco's water supply.

Scope and Content

His voluminous papers were sold by his family. Unsuccessful in disposing of the papers as a unit, the dealer who acquired them divided them into groups to facilitate their sale. The Bancroft Library purchased in 1950-1951 from Mary A. Benjamin that portion which dealt with California and Johnson's interest in conservations.
There are relatively few copies of Johnson's own letters in the collection. Of these, by far the largest portion consists of carbon copies of letters written in 1913 in the Hetch Hetchy campaign. The 146 letters of John Muir are, of course, the most important segment. There are, also, letters from General and Mrs. John Bidwell, Mr. and Mrs. James Mason Hutchings, Charles D. Robinson, George G. Mackenzie, Edward T. Parsons, William E. Colby, Charles Howard Shinn, and other Californians, and John W. Noble, Gifford Pinchot, Oliver Wolcott Gibbs, Henry Fairfield Osborn, Theodore Roosevelt, George Bird Grinnell and others prominent on the national scene.
Because of the importance of individual correspondents, the letters have been arranged alphabetically. A listing of the correspondents by year (appended) has been made to preserve as far as was practical some chronological aspect of the papers.

Key to Arrangement

Box 1

Correspondence A-Cl

box 

Box 2

Correspondence Co-Hal

Box 3

Correspondence Ham-Mar

Box 4

Correspondence Mau-Olm

Box 5

Corresondence Oln-Rob

Box 6

Correspondence Roo-Wh

Box 7

Correspondence Wi-Z Robert Underwood Johnson and Mrs. Johnson, miscellaneous papers

Box 8

Miscellaneous papers

portfolio Portfolio:

Muir maps of Yosemite

Chronological listing of correspondents

 

1889

 

Davis, Horace

 

Leighton, Rufus

 

Mills, William H.

 

Robinson, Charles D.

 

Shinn, Charles Howard

 

1890

 

Armes, William Dallam

 

Armstrong, James B.

 

Bidwell, John (and Mrs. Bidwell)

 

Chichester, Charles F.

 

Deming, Lucius P.

 

Edmunds, J.

 

Grinnell, George Bird

 

Groff, Lewis A.

 

Hutchings, James Mason

 

Irish, John P.

 

Lathrop, George Parsons

 

Mackenzie, George G.

 

Newsham, Thomas J.

 

Noble, John Willock

 

Plumb, Preston P.

 

Robinson, Charles D.

 

Royce, Josiah

 

Scidmore, Eliza (Ruhamah)

 

Shinn, Charles Howard

 

Spinney, George F.

 

Stiles, W.A.

 

Stock, Ernest C.

 

Ward, Augustus H.

 

1891

 

Barnard, A.F. (Mrs. John K.)

 

Brown, John Nicholas

 

Carter, Thomas H.

 

Chandler, George

 

Crippen Kate M.

 

Field, Kate

 

Fiske, George

 

Ford, William Warwick

 

Fox, John

 

Grinnell, George Bird

 

Hague, Arnold

 

Harrison, J.B.

 

Hittell, John Shertzer

 

Johnstone, E. McD.

 

Lyman, Hart

 

Noble, John Willock

 

Robinson, Charles D.

 

Royce, Josiah

 

Shinn, Charles Howard

 

Sprague, George E.

 

Stiles, W.A.

 

U.S. Dept. Of Interior (Chief Clerk E.M. Dawson) - filed under Dawson

 

Waite, Edwin G.

 

Ward, Augustus H.

 

1892

 

Bidwell, Annie (Mrs. John)

 

Bishoprick, N.J.

 

Carter, Thomas H.

 

Grinnell, George Bird

 

Irish, John Powell

 

Noble, John Willock

 

Robinson, Charles D.

 

Stidger, John S.

 

Watd, Augustus H.

 

Weigel, Eugene F.

 

1893

 

Allen F.B.

 

Bowers, Edward A.

 

Carey, John Maull

 

Chandler, George

 

Collman, O.J.

 

Dawson, E.M.

 

Fernow, Bernhard Eduard

 

Grant, Lewis Addison

 

Grinnell, George Bird

 

Hague, Arnold

 

Hawley, Joseph Roswell

 

Hutchings, Emila A. (Mrs. James M.)

 

Irish, John Powell

 

Jordan, David Starr

 

Lamont, Daniel Scott

 

Leupp, Francis Ellington

 

Lyman, Hart

 

Noble, John Willock

 

Olney, Richard

 

Platt, Orville Hitchcock

 

Robinson, Charles D.

 

Shinn, Milicent Washburn

 

Smith, Hoke

 

Stevens, William H.

 

Stiles, W.A.

 

Thurber, Henry T.

 

Ward, Augustus H.

 

Williams, Elliot

 

1894

 

Miller, Charles Ransom

 

Sargent, Charles Sprague

 

1895

 

American Forestry Association

 

California Secretary of State

 

Gardner, Frank Saltus

 

Olmsted, John Charles

 

Pinchot, Gifford

 

1896

 

Bowers, Edward A.

 

Gibbs, Oliver Wolcott

 

McAllister, Elliott

 

Pinchot, Gifford

 

Sargent, Charles Sprague

 

Sierra Club, San Francisco

 

White, T. Brook

 

1897

 

Kasson, John Adam

 

1898

 

Allison, William Boyd

 

Bliss, Cornelius Newton

 

DeVries, Marion

 

Hale, Eugene

 

Hermann, Binger

 

Lacey, John Fletcher

 

Lodge, Henry Cabot

 

McAneny, George

 

Mackenzie, George G.

 

Platt, Orville Hitchcock

 

Quay, Matther Stanley

 

Reed, Thomas Brackett

 

Rothrock, Joseph Trimble

 

Sargent, Charles Sprague

 

Sayers, Joseph Draper

 

Stone, William Alexis

 

Zerely, J.W.

 

1899

 

Hague, Arnold

 

1900-01

 

No letters

 

1902

 

Sargent, Charles Sprague

 

1903

 

Barnes, Benjamin F.

 

Pinchot, Gifford

 

1904

 

Perkins, George Clement

 

Pinchot, Gifford

 

Roosevelt, Theodore

 

1905

 

Gibbs, Oliver Wolcott (in margin of Johnson to Gibbs)

 

Loeb, William

 

Millard, Bailey

 

Pinchot, Gifford

 

Roosevelt, Theodore

 

1906

 

Pinchot, Gifford

 

Strother, Edgar French

 

1907

 

Colby, William Edward

 

Hughes, Charles Evans

 

Pinchot, Gifford (and his secretary, Harry L. Hill)

 

Wells, Philip Patterson

 

1908

 

Bowers, Edward A. (and his sister, Fannie A. Bowers)

 

Carnegie, Andrew

 

Chittenden, Hiram Martin

 

Colby, William Eduard

 

Hague, Arnold

 

Hough, Romeyn Beck

 

Hughes, Charles Evans

 

Loeb, William

 

McGee, William John (Introd. To Proceedings of Governors' Conference ...)

 

Mendenhall, Thomas Corwin

 

Pinchot, Gifford

 

Rhodes, James Ford

 

Roosevelt, Theodore

 

Sargent, Charles Sprague

 

Shipp, Thomas R.

 

Walcott, Charles Doolittle

 

Ward, Augustus H.

 

Wheeler, Benjamin Ide

 

Will, Thomas Elmer

 

1909

 

American Forestry Assn. (J.A.P. Farnham)

 

Badè, William Frederic

 

Bowers, Edward A.

 

Brougham, H. B.

 

Colby, William Edward (Sierra Club)

 

Fife, George Buchanan

 

Foster, Samuel Lynde

 

Gleason, Herbert W.

 

Kolb, Charles A.

 

Luebkert, Otto

 

McFarland, John Horace

 

McGee, William John

 

Martin, Thomas Commerford

 

Miller, Charles Ransom

 

Olmsted, John Charles

 

Parsons, Edward T.

 

Shipp, Thomas Roerty

 

Van Dyke, Henry

 

Whitney, Caspar

 

Will, Thomas Elmer

 

1910

 

Badè, William Frederic

 

Ballinger, Richard Achilles

 

Carpenter, Fred W.

 

Colby, William Edward

 

Dargan, Olive

 

Gregory, Henry E.

 

Laut, Agnes C.

 

McFarland, John Horace

 

Watrous, Richard Benedict

 

Whitman, Edmund Allen

 

1911

 

Fisher, Walter L.

 

Hilles, Charles Dewey

 

Norton, Charles Dyer

 

Osborn, Henry Fairfield

 

Roosevelt, Theodore

 

1912

 

Adams, Samuel

 

Fisher, Walter L.

 

Harrison, Francis Burton

 

Long, Percy Vincent

 

Meany, Edmond Stephen

 

Shinn, Charles Howard

 

1913

 

Allen, Edward W.

 

Ammon, Sameul A.

 

Ashbough, Lewis E.

 

Aston, Taggart

 

Badè, William Frederic

 

Balmers, Edwin

 

Barendt, Arthur H.

 

Barker, Henry Ames

 

Barrow, David Crenshaw

 

Bayne, Samuel Gamble

 

Beal, Junius Emory

 

Becker, Dorothy E.

 

Boardman, Mabel Thorp

 

Bobbs, William Conrad

 

Borah, William Edgar

 

Bowers, Claude Gernade

 

Bowers, Edward Augustus

 

Bowles, Samuel

 

Brandegee, Gfrank Bosworth

 

Branson, I R.

 

Braucher, Howard S.

 

Bridgman, Herbert Lawrence

 

Books, John Pascal

 

Brown, Alice M.

 

Burnham, John Bird

 

Burton, Theodore Elijah

 

Carpenter, Ford Ahman

 

Chamberlain, Allen

 

Chamberlain, George Earle

 

Colby, William Edards

 

Colquitt, Neyle

 

Colt, Le Baron Bradford

 

Crocker, Mrs. Emmons

 

Crow, Martha Foote

 

Davis, Milton Fennimore

 

Delano, Julia

 

Dellenbaugh, Frederick Samuel

 

DeVelbiss, Frank J.

 

Dickinson, F. E.

 

Dodds, Alexander

 

Drapeau, Louis C.

 

Drinker, Henry Sturgis

 

Dunn, Russell L.

 

Dunnigan, John S.

 

Eckstorm, Fennie (Hardy)

 

Eliot, Charles William

 

Elliott, Henry W.

 

Ely, M.W. (Sec. to H.S. Graves)

 

Fernow, Bernhard Eduard

 

Ferris, Scott

 

Fitch, George H.

 

Forbes, Edgar Allen

 

Freeman, John Ripley

 

Fuller, Hubert Bruce

 

Gallinger, Jacob Harold

 

Gardner, Obadiah

 

Garfield, James Rudolph

 

George, Charles E.

 

Gleason, Herbert W.

 

Graves, Henry Solon

 

Gray, Henry G.

 

Gregory, Henry E.

 

Grinnell, George Bird

 

Gronna, Asle J.

 

Hadley, Hiram

 

Hall, Edward Hagaman

 

Hampson, Alden

 

Hanna, Paul

 

Harrison, Francis Burton

 

Hart, Albert Bushnell

 

Havens, Munson

 

Hawes, Austin Foster

 

Hobson, Richmond Pearson

 

Hollis, Henry French

 

Holt, Hamilton

 

Hooper, FranklinWilliam

 

Hornaday, William Temple

 

Houston, David Franklin

 

Hughes, William

 

Hurt, Huber William

 

Ingersoll, Ernest

 

James, Edward Janes

 

Jones, Herschell Vespasian

 

Kelley, Edgar Stillman

 

Kern, John Worth

 

Kunz, George Frederick

 

LaFollette, Rovert Marion, 1855-1925

 

Lane, Franklin Knight

 

Lay, Charles Downing

 

Laylin, Lewis Cass

 

Lehane, W.C.

 

Lenz, Rudolph

 

Levy, Glorence N.

 

Lewis, James Hamilton

 

Kitchfield, Grace Denio

 

Lodge, Henry Cabot

 

Loughran, Patrick H.

 

Lowell, Abbott Lawrence

 

Lowes, John Livingston

 

Lyman, William Denison

 

Lyon, Mrs. Frank D.

 

McAdoo, William Gibbs

 

McDonald, Henry M.

 

Macfarland, Henry Floyd

 

McFarland, John Horace

 

McGowan, Pattillo H.

 

McLean, George Payne

 

Mann, James Robert

 

Manning, Warren Henry

 

Marshall, Eleanor Eltinge

 

Martin, Frederick Roy

 

Martin, Thomas Commerford

 

Martine, James Edgar

 

Mezes, Sidney Edward

 

Miller, Clement H.

 

Mitchell, John Murray

 

Mondell, Frank Wheeler

 

Moore, John Bassett

 

Morgenthau, Henry

 

Myers, Henry Lee

 

Nelson, H.W.

 

Nelson, William Rockhill

 

Nichols, Marian C.

 

Noble, Frederic Perry

 

Noel, Edmund Favor

 

O'Gorman, James Aloysius

 

Olmsted, Frederick Law, 1870-

 

Osborn, Henry Fairfield

 

Osborne, Grover Pease

 

Owen, Rovert Latham

 

Page, Carroll Smalley

 

Parsons, Edward T.

 

Parsons, Herbert

 

Parsons, Samuel

 

Pennybacker, Anna J. (Hardwicke)

 

Pinchot, Gifford

 

Poindexter, Miles

 

Quarles, E.A.

 

Ranous, Dora Knowlton (Thompson)

 

Redfield, William C.

 

Rhodes, James Ford

 

Ridsdale, Percival Shelden

 

Royce, Josiah

 

Ruckstuhl, F.W.

 

Sargent, Charles Sprague

 

Schell, Edwin Allison

 

Schuyler, Georgina

 

Schwarz, George Frederick

 

Scidmore, Eliza (Ruhamah)

 

Sedgwick, Henry Dwight

 

Semple, Helen Merrick

 

Sherman, Lawrence Y.

 

Shorter, H.J.

 

Slattery, Harry A.

 

Sloane, William Milligan

 

Smith, Byron Laflin

 

Smith, Geddes

 

Smith, Henry Louis

 

Smith, Hoke

 

Smoot, Reed

 

Stafford, John Richard

 

Steenerson, Halvor

 

Stiger, William D.

 

Stone, Melville Elijah

 

Sullivan, Eugene J.

 

Swain, George Fillmore

 

Sweet, Mary Caroline

 

Taft, William Howard

 

Towner, Horace Mann

 

Tumulty, Joseph Patrick

 

Underwood, Oscar Wilder

 

VanWagoner, J. D.

 

Villard, Oswald Garrison

 

Wadsworth, William Austin

 

Wadsworth, H. H.

 

Washington, William DeHertburn

 

Watrous, Richard Benedict

 

Webb, Charles A.

 

Weeks, John Wingate

 

Wells, Amos Russel

 

Whitman, Edmund Allen

 

Whitney, Caspar

 

Wilson, Woodrow

 

Wyvell, Manton M.

 

1914

 

Anderson, E.H.

 

Badè, William Frederic

 

Bridgman, Herbert Lawrence

 

Colby, William Edward

 

Conrad, W. J. (On Johnson's letter)

 

Davis, Milton Fennimore

 

Frothingham, E. H.

 

Hall, Edward Hagaman

 

Olmsted, Frederick Law, 1870-

 

Parsons, Edward T.

 

Parsons, Herbert

 

Smith, Emory E.

 

1915

 

No letters

 

1916

 

Blake, Jacob M.

 

1917-1919

 

No letters

 

1920

 

Rhodes, James Ford

 

1921

 

No letters

 

1922

 

Badè, William Frederic

 

Grinnell, George Bird

 

1923

 

Butler, Ovid M.

 

Drury, Newton Bishop

 

Fenton, Benjamin W.

 

Maudlin, Cecil Vearl

 

Sargent, Charles Sprague

 

Shinn, Charles Howard

 

1924

 

Badè, William Frederic

 

Butler, Ovid M.

 

Peyton, Jeannie S.