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Hall Family Papers and Sugar Plantation Records
MSS 0220  
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Collection Overview
 
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Description
Family papers and sugar plantation records (1709-1835) of the Hall family of England and Jamaica, including William Hall (b.1696), Thomas Hall (1725-1772), Hugh Kirkpatrick Hall (b.1748?), and Thomas Kirkpatrick Hall (b.1776). The Hall family owned and operated the sugar plantations of Irwin Estate, Tryall Estate, Johnshall Estate, Hallhead Estate, and Kirkpatrick Hall Estate. They also owned Worcester, Williamsfield, Stapleton Pen, and Kirkpatrick Pen. The family papers contain correspondence between family members, wills, certificates of military commission and genealogical memoranda. Included among the plantation records are general account ledgers for Thomas Hall's Jamaican estates (1756-1766), account ledgers or lists of slaves and cattle for Irwin Estate (1758-1777), Johnshall Estate (1757-1764) and Tryall Estate (1758-1759). Records (1793-1835) for Hallhead Estate include slave and cattle lists, lists of increase and decrease of slaves and cattle, doctor's bills for the care of slaves, and crop accounts. "Return of slaves" lists occur for Irwin, Tryall and Kirkpatrick Hall estates for the years 1819, 1821, 1822, 1824, 1827, 1828, and 1830. Significant business correspondents include Sam Cleland, James Kerr, Stephen Fuller, William Brown, and John Scott. The collection contains numerous documents related to the administration of Jamaican Governor Charles Knowles (1752-1756) and the formation of the "Association" by leading planters and colonists. The Hall Family Papers and Sugar Plantation Records are arranged in five series: 1) CORRESPONDENCE, 2) PLANTATION AND ESTATE DOCUMENTS, 3) LEGAL DOCUMENTS, 4) FAMILY DOCUMENTS, and 5) POLITICAL AND PUBLIC DOCUMENTS. The accession processed in 1995 documents activities of Thomas K. Hall and Lorenzo Hall. Included are letters dating from 1819 to 1822 which offer considerable insight into the trade of paintings between Italy and England during the period, the cost of the commissions and methods of transport from Leghorn to England. Also included are letters dating from 1825 to 1842 written by Lorenzo Hall, a diplomat, to his uncle, Thomas K. Hall, from various European cities and countries. The accession, dated from 1772 to 1892, is arranged in two series: 1) CORRESPONDENCE and 2) MISCELLANEOUS DOCUMENTS. A microfilm (4 reels) of the entire collection was prepared in July 1999.
Background
The Hall family engaged in sugar production on the island of Jamaica for over a century and participated in the rise of Jamaican planter society during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. The early generations of Halls directly supervised their plantations, while the later descendants lived in England as absentee landlords, leaving the management of their estates to attorneys and overseers.
Extent
4.60 linear feet (3 archive boxes, 163 oversize folders, and 4 rolls microfilm)
Restrictions
Publication rights are held by the creator of the collection.
Availability
Researchers must use the microfilm of the collection located in Box Four.