Inventory of the William G. Ritch Collection, 1539-1901, bulk 1845-1882

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Manuscripts Department
The Huntington Library
1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108
Phone: (626) 405-2203
Fax: (626) 449-5720
Email: lgarcia@huntington.org
URL: http://www.huntington.org/huntingtonlibrary.aspx?id=554
© 1998
The Huntington Library. All rights reserved.

Inventory of the William G. Ritch Collection, 1539-1901, bulk 1845-1882

The Huntington Library



San Marino, California

Contact Information

  • Manuscripts Department
  • The Huntington Library
  • 1151 Oxford Road
  • San Marino, California 91108
  • Phone: (626) 405-2203
  • Fax: (626) 449-5720
  • Email: lgarcia@huntington.org
  • URL: http://www.huntington.org/huntingtonlibrary.aspx?id=554
Encoded by:
Xiuzhi Zhou
© 1998 The Huntington Library. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: William G. Ritch Collection,
Date (inclusive): 1539-1901,
Date (bulk): bulk 1845-1882
Creator: Ritch, William G.
Extent: The collection numbers 2,274 pieces.

Number of manuscript boxes: 33 (boxes #1-33)

Number of bound volumes: 24

Number of oversize materials: 1 flat box (box #34);1 rolled document
Repository: The Huntington Library
San Marino, California 91108
Language: English.

Administrative Information

Access

Collection is open to qualified researches by prior application through the Reader Services Department. For more information please go to following URL .

Publication Rights

In order to quote from, publish, or reproduce any of the manuscripts or visual materials, researchers must obtain formal permission from the office of the Library Director. In most instances, permission is given by the Huntington as owner of the physical property rights only, and researchers must also obtain permission from the holder of the literary rights In some instances, the Huntington owns the literary rights, as well as the physical property rights. Researchers may contact the appropriate curator for further information.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], William G. Ritch Collection, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

Acquisition Information

Source of acquisition: Watson L. Ritch, May 1923

Historical/Biographical Note

William Gillet Ritch (1830-1904) was territorial secretary of New Mexico from 1873 to 1885 and authored several books about New Mexico history. He was a native of New York who moved to Michigan in 1855 and later settled in Wisconsin. After serving in the 46th Wisconsin Cavalry in the Civil War, Ritch returned to Wisconsin and was elected state senator. He was later proprietor and editor of the Winnebago County Press. Failing health forced Ritch to seek a better climate, and in 1873 he was appointed secretary of the Territory of New Mexico. He served in this capacity until 1885, with the added responsibility of serving as acting territorial governor in 1875. He was active in the establishment of a public school system in the Territory and became a regent of the State Normal School. He developed an interest in the history of New Mexico and began collecting historical documents in hopes of circumventing their destruction or dispersal. He was elected as the first president of the New Mexico Historical Society in 1880.

Scope and Content Note

The collection contains correspondence, manuscripts, documents, and maps in both English and Spanish related to the history of early and territorial New Mexico collected by William G. Ritch. The very early portion of the collection (1539-1700) contains original manuscripts, contemporary copies, and later translations of official documents and journals of explorers, correspondence, papers of various governors, court records, church inventories, and passport lists of American traders. The papers for the years 1846-1873 cover the American military occupation, New Mexico politics and government, New Mexico during the US Civil War, and Indian affairs relating to the Navajo, Apache, Comanche, and Pecos tribes. Items after 1873 tend to be the personal papers of William G. Ritch, including biographical sketches of significant New Mexicans, drafts of articles, and notebooks of research materials (including the biography of Father Antonio Jose Martinez by Santiago Valdez).

Separated Material

13 scrapbooks from the Ritch Collection were transferred to the Rare Books Department and are cataloged under the heading "Collection -New Mexico" in the printed book card catalog. The call number for the set is #128134.

Significant Persons Represented in the Collection

 

Abert, J. W. (James William), 1820-1897

Physical Description: 1
 

Abreu, Santiago

Physical Description: 9
 

Allen, William S. (William Stickney), 1805-1868

Physical Description: 9
 

Alvarez, Manuel, 1794-1856

Physical Description: 12
 

Armijo, Manuel

Physical Description: 28
 

Arny, William Frederick Milton

Physical Description: 60
 

Axtell, Samuel B. (Samuel Beach), 1819-1891

Physical Description: 26
 

Baca, Ramón

Physical Description: 2
 

Baird, Spruce M.

Physical Description: 2
 

Baker, Grafton

Physical Description: 2
 

Bandelier, Adolph Frances Alphonse, 1840-1914

Physical Description: 1
 

Beall, Benjamin Lloyd

Physical Description: 3
 

Beaubien, Carlos

Physical Description: 5
 

Beck, Preston

Physical Description: 15
 

Becknell, William, 1787 or 8-1856

Physical Description: 1
 

Benedict, Kirby, 1810-1874

Physical Description: 26
 

Blumner, Charles

Physical Description: 17
 

Buell, Salmon A.

Physical Description: 1
 

Burnside, Ambrose Everett, 1824-1881

Physical Description: 1
 

Bustamante, Anastasio, 1780-1853

Physical Description: 1
 

Calhoun, James S.

Physical Description: 32
 

Carleton, James Henry, 1814-1873

Physical Description: 45
 

Carson, Kit, 1809-1868

Physical Description: 8
 

Chandler, Zachariah, 1813-1879

Physical Description: 2
 

Clark, William, 1770-1838

Physical Description: 4
 

Clever, Charles P., 1830-1874

Physical Description: 107
 

Concha, Fernando de la

Physical Description: 2
 

Cooke, Philip St. George, 1809-1895

Physical Description: 8
 

Ewell, Richard Stoddert, 1817-1872

Physical Description: 1
 

Fernández de la Cueva Enríquez, Francisco [Duque de Alburquerque]

Physical Description: 4
 

Gantt, Juan

Physical Description: 1
 

Garland, John

Physical Description: 6
 

Gregg, Josiah, 1806-1850

Physical Description: 4
 

Houston, Sam, 1793-1863

Physical Description: 1
 

Howe, Timothy O. (Timothy Otis), 1816-1883

Physical Description: 4
 

Howell, José Miguel

Physical Description: 1
 

Houghton, Joab

Physical Description: 38
 

Iturbide, Augustín de

Physical Description: 2
 

Jones, Anson, 1798-1858

Physical Description: 1
 

Kearny, Steven Watts, 1794-1848

Physical Description: 4
 

Kennedy, John Pendleton, 1795-1870

Physical Description: 1
 

Lamy, John Baptist, 1814-1888

Physical Description: 2
 

Lane, William Carr, 1789-1863

Physical Description: 8
 

Leavenworth, Henry, 1783-1834

Physical Description: 1
 

Santa Anna, Antonio López de

Physical Description: 2
 

MacKenzie, Ranald Slidell, 1840-1889

Physical Description: 1
 

McMullen, William, 1824-1901

Physical Description: 16
 

Magoffin, James Wiley

Physical Description: 1
 

Mainez, Alberto

Physical Description: 1
 

Maxwell, Lucien Bonaparte, 1818-1875

Physical Description: 4
 

Melgares, Facundo

Physical Description: 3
 

Meriwether, D. (David), 1800-1893

Physical Description: 92
 

Messervy, William S.

Physical Description: 13
 

Otermin, Antonio de

Physical Description: 4
 

Otero, Antonio José

Physical Description: 13
 

Otero, Miguel A. (Miguel Antonio), 1829-1882

Physical Description: 18
 

Paredes y Arrillaga, Mariano, 1797-1849

Physical Description: 1
 

Philip III, King of Spain, 1578-1621

Physical Description: 1
 

Pino, Juan Estevan

Physical Description: 3
 

Prince, L. Bradford (LeBaron Bradford), 1840-1922

Physical Description: 1
 

Rencher, Abraham, 1798-1883

Physical Description: 7
 

Riley, Bennett, 1787-1853

Physical Description: 1
 

Robidoux, Antoine

Physical Description: 1
 

Rynerson, William Logan

Physical Description: 1
 

Salcedo y Salcedo, Nemesio, 1754-1814

Physical Description: 2
 

St. Vrain, Ceran

Physical Description: 6
 

Sturgis, Samuel Davis, 1822-1889

Physical Description: 1
 

Sumner, Edwin V. (Edwin Vose), 1797-1863

Physical Description: 5
 

Uribarri, Juan de

Physical Description: 3
 

Vargas, Diego de, 1643-1704

Physical Description: 19
 

Vigil, Donaciano, 1802-1877

Physical Description: 24
 

Vigil y Alarid, Juan Bautista

Physical Description: 6
 

Waldo, Jose David

Physical Description: 4
 

Wallace, Lew, 1827-1905

Physical Description: 4
 

Washington, John Macrae, 1797-1853

Physical Description: 1
 

Watts, John S. (John Sebrie), 1816-1876

Physical Description: 15
 

West, J. R. (Joseph Rodman), b. 1822

Physical Description: 10

Container List

 

Bound Volumes

Volume RI 66

Fernando VII, King of Spain.

 

Death Warrant for Antonio Carbojal... Apr. 5, 1809.

Volume RI 2210 (v. 1-3)

Valdez, Santiago.

 

Biografía del Reverendo Padre. 1877.

Volume RI 2211 (v. 1-2)

Valdez, Santiago.

 

Biografía del Reverendo Padre... 1877.

Volume RI 2212 (v. 1-7)

Ritch, William Gillet.

 

Notebooks. c. 1890.

Volume RI 2213

Ritch, William Gillet.

 

Topical Index to his own Works. c. 1890.

Volume RI 2214 (v. 1-8)

Ritch, William Gillet.

 

Topical Index to his own... c. 1890.

Volume RI 2215

New Mexico. Board of Commissioners...

 

Letterbook. Jan. 19, 1853-Nov. 28, 1854.

Volume RI 2216

Arny, William F. M.

 

Letterbook. General correspondence... Dec. 4, 1863-May 18, 1867.

Volume RI 2269

New Mexico. Valencia County. (oversize rolled document)

 

Libro de Matricula de la Eleccíon... Sept. 4, 1865.

 

Boxes

Box 1

1539 Mar. 7 -1694 Dec. 31

Physical Description: 27
Box 2

1758 Mar. 16-March

Physical Description: 54
Box 3

1794 June 21 -1830 Dec. 31

Physical Description: 64
Box 4

1831 Jan. 1 -1838 Dec. 31

Physical Description: 51
Box 5

1839 Feb. 9 -1846 July 9

Physical Description: 64
Box 6

1846 Aug.1 -1847 Dec. 31

Physical Description: 86
Box 7

1848 Jan. 1 -1850 Dec. 31

Physical Description: 92
Box 8

1851 Jan. 1 -1851 Nov. 31

Physical Description: 62
Box 9

1851 Dec. 1 -1852 Apr. 30

Physical Description: 80
Box 10

1852 May 1 -1853 Apr. 30

Physical Description: 89
Box 11

1853 May 1 -1854 Apr. 30

Physical Description: 83
Box 12

1854 May 1 -1854 Dec. 31

Physical Description: 83
Box 13

1855 Jan. 1 -1855 Nov. 30

Physical Description: 75
Box 14

1855 Dec. 1 -1856 Dec. 31

Physical Description: 94
Box 15

1857 Jan. 1 -1858 June 30

Physical Description: 79
Box 16

1858 July 1 -1860 Feb. 28

Physical Description: 84
Box 17

1860 Mar. 1 -1861 Aug. 31

Physical Description: 86
Box 18

1861 Sept. 1 -1862 Oct. 31

Physical Description: 86
Box 19

1862 Nov. 1 -1863 Feb. 28

Physical Description: 79
Box 20

1863 Mar. 1 -1863 Sept. 30

Physical Description: 95
Box 21

1863 Oct. 1 -1864 June 30

Physical Description: 87
Box 22

1864 July 1 -1864 Dec. 31

Physical Description: 89
Box 23

1865 Jan. 1 -1866 Mar. 31

Physical Description: 73
Box 24

1866 Apr. 1 -1875 Mar. 31

Physical Description: 77
Box 25

1875 Apr. 1 -1877 June 30

Physical Description: 74
Box 26

1877 July 1 -1878 Aug. 31

Physical Description: 55
Box 27

1878 Sept. 1 -1880 Nov. 30

Physical Description: 51
Box 28

1880 Dec. 1 -1881 Dec. 31

Physical Description: 85
Box 29

1882 Jan. 1 -1882 Nov. 30

Physical Description: 53
Box 30

1882 Dec. 1 -1883 Dec. 31

Physical Description: 48
Box 31

1884 Jan. 1 -1900 Dec. 31

Physical Description: 48
Box 32

Newspaper clippings, 1856-1885

Physical Description: 17
Box 33

Newspaper clippings, 1886-1901 & undated

Physical Description: 17
Oversize 34 (oversize)

Oversize folders

Physical Description: 5

General Subjects for Each Box

Box Box 1:

Mar. 7, 1539 -Dec. 31, 1694

Scope and Content Note

Early documents (1539-1694) concerning the history of Spanish exploration and settlement in New Mexico, many translated by Samuel Ellison. Many of these documents discuss events in the wake of the public uprising and the reconquest.

Of special note:

RI 1: 19th century translation of A relation...touching his discovery of...Cibola...by Marcos de Niza. March 7, 1539.
Box Box 2:

Mar. 16, 1758-March

Scope and Content Note

Early documents concerning Spanish resettlement and governance of New Mexico (1696-) and letters by the Duke of Albuquerque.

Of special note:

RI 55: Journal of events & operations against the Moqui. May 14 -Oct. 18, 1716. [extract]
Box Box 3:

June 21, 1794 -Dec. 31, 1830

Scope and Content Note

Commerce and trade with the United States.

Of special note:

RI 70: Record of vaccinations, giving names of fathers and children. [summer 1815]
RI 74: Contemporary copy of treaty of Cordova between Spain and Mexico, establishing Mexican independence. Aug. 24, 1821.
RI 81: Customs house, New Mexico. Jan. 1 -July 15, 1825.
Box Box 4:

Jan. 1, 1831-Dec. 31, 1838

Scope and Content Note

Americans adopting Mexican nationality, passports, petitions for naturalization, fur traders from Taos, customs and commerce with the US including Josiah Gregg, and the Revolution of 1837.
Box Box 5:

Feb. 9, 1839 -July 9, 1846

Scope and Content Note

American commerce, abortive Texan invasion of 1841, conflict between Texas and Mexico in NM, 1841-43.
Box Box 6:

Aug. 1, 1846 -Dec. 31, 1847

Scope and Content Note

Documents related to the conquest of New Mexico and the operation of local courts in 1846-47 under American rule.
Box Box 7:

Jan. 1, 1848 -Dec. 31, 1850

Scope and Content Note

Assumption of American control over New Mexico, including letters of Governor Vigil and military affairs. Also Indian trading licenses (RI 365, 366, 368, 371, 367, 374, 375, 376, 389, 400, 402, 404, 406, 407).
Box Box 8:

Jan. 1, 1851 -Nov. 31, 1851

Scope and Content Note

Territorial government and legislative activities of New Mexico. Also contains a document related to Indian trading (RI 1415).
Box Box 9:

Dec. 1, 1851 -Apr. 30, 1852

Scope and Content Note

Territorial legislative activities and courts, and Indian affairs.

Of special note:

RI 493 & 494: Receipts for return of captive Hispanic children from Indians and Indian trading bonds. 1852.
RI 2150: Statement in regard to buying and selling Paiute children.
Box Box 10:

May 1, 1852 -Apr. 30, 1853

Scope and Content Note

Indian affairs, including statements of supplies and services provided to the Navajos on their reservation in 1852.
Box Box 11:

May 1, 1853 -Apr. 30, 1854

Scope and Content Note

Work of the Territorial Commission on Public Buildings (June 1853), complaint about election fraud, and the US Army.
Box Box 12:

May 1, 1854 -Dec. 31, 1854

Scope and Content Note

New Mexican militia affairs, including muster rolls (RI 1624, 2134, 643, 1622, 1623, 649, 689).
Box Box 13:

Jan. 1, 1855 -Nov. 30, 1855

Scope and Content Note

Territorial administration, including letters from Elisha Whittlesey, call for volunteers by governor, and an Indian raid (RI 701).
Box Box 14:

Dec. 1, 1855 -Dec. 31, 1856

Scope and Content Note

Scope and Content Note

Construction of public buildings for the Territorial government.

Of special note:

RI 2257: List of inhabitants and property for Indians in New Mexico towns. [c. 1855]
Box Box 15:

Jan. 1, 1857 -June 30, 1858

Scope and Content Note

Many statements and bills related to the costs of the territorial government. Correspondence of Miguel Antonio Otero to Charles Clever.
Box Box 16:

July 1, 1858 -Feb. 28, 1860

Scope and Content Note

Expenses of per diem and mileage for legislators and descriptive list of paid Treasury warrants. Territorial politics and national politics. Correspondence of Miguel Antonio Otero to Charles Clever.
Box Box 17:

Mar. 1, 1860 -Aug. 31, 1861

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence of Miguel Antonio Otero to Charles Clever.
Box Box 18:

Sept. 1, 1861 -Oct. 31, 1862

Scope and Content Note

Map of the military district of New Mexico, per diem of legislative officers, New Mexico militia, New Mexico politics and elections, Indians (Apache & Navajo).

Of special note:

RI 2159: Libro de Matricula de la eleccíon. Sept. 1, 1862. Berrdillo County.
RI 1126 & 1127: Kit Carson. New Mexico Militia. Sept. 27, 1862.
Box Box 19:

Nov. 1, 1862 -Feb. 28, 1863

Scope and Content Note

Civil War in New Mexico, legislative affairs, applications and recommendations for militia officers.
RI 1193: Petition to President and Sec. Of War concerning Indian depradations by county. Jan. 26, 1863.
Box Box 20:

Mar. 1, 1863 -Sept. 30, 1863

Scope and Content Note

Territorial politics and government, including some election returns, Civil War in the West, military officers, and Navajo campaign.
Box Box 21:

Oct. 1, 1863 -June 30, 1864

Scope and Content Note

Territorial politics and government, Civil War in the West, and Indian affairs.
Box Box 22:

July 1, 1864 -Dec. 31, 1864

Scope and Content Note

Mexico, territorial politics and government, including election returns.
Box Box 23:

Jan. 1, 1865 -Mar. 31, 1866

Scope and Content Note

Territorial politics and government, including legislative actions and election returns, as well as Indian affairs.
Box Box 24:

Apr. 1, 1866 -Mar. 31, 1875

Scope and Content Note

Territorial politics and government, land holdings and population figures, and Indian affairs.

Of special note:

RI 1486: Report of a Comm. on the Indians of the Bosque Redondo. 1866.
RI 2151: Enumeration of inhabitants of County of Taos. 1866.
Box Box 25:

Apr. 1, 1875 -June 30, 1877

Scope and Content Note

Territorial politics and government.
Box Box 26:

July 1, 1877 -Aug. 31, 1878

Scope and Content Note

Territorial politics and government, Indian affairs, education, Lincoln County War, and Colfax County War.
Box Box 27:

Sept. 1, 1878 -Nov. 30, 1880

Scope and Content Note

Affairs in Lincoln County, Roman Catholicism in New Mexico, including the role of the Jesuits, public education, the penitentes, and Indian affairs.
Box Box 28:

Dec. 1, 1880 -Dec. 31, 1881

Scope and Content Note

Politics and government, Indians (Utes), education, land, mines and mineral resources (coal & iron), education, disturbance in Socorro.

Of special note:

RI 2234: Free public schools. c. 1880.
Box Box 29:

Jan. 1, 1882 -Nov. 30, 1882

Scope and Content Note

Biographical notes about various individuals compiled by William G. Ritch.
Box Box 30:

Dec. 1, 1882 -Dec. 31, 1883

Scope and Content Note

Biographical sketches, Indian affairs, Civil War, and R.S. McKenzie.
Box Box 31:

Jan. 1, 1884 -Dec. 31, 1900

Scope and Content Note

Lists of biographical notes by individuals and Revista Catholica -"A School Law" (March 9, 1884).
Box Boxes 32 & 33:

Newspaper clippings arranged chronologically.

Box Box 34:

Oversize materials.