Known worldwide as the scapegoat of anti-unionists, Thomas Joseph Mooney was falsely
accused for bombing the Preparedness Day Parade in San Francisco on July 16, 1916.
Mooney, a Socialist union activist and organizer, had previously been involved in an ugly
strike against the Pacific Gas and Electric Company. This put him under immediate
suspicion for the bombing even though it was later proved that he was no where near the
actual bomb site during the parade. Mooney's wife, Rena, Warren Billings, Israel
Weinberg, and Edward Nolan were also tried for the bombing but only Billings and Mooney
were convicted. Mooney received the death sentence in 1917 and spent the next twenty-two
years in prison despite outrage from around the world and evidence that many of the
witnesses who testified against him had committed perjury, especially F.C. Oxman.