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Inventory of the James Abercromby Papers, 1674-1787
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Biography
  • Subject matter: Year 1758 of the Seven Years War in North America
  • Some important or interesting items:
  • Persons represented by ten or more pieces

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: James Abercromby Papers,
    Date (inclusive): 1674-1787
    Creator: Abercromby, James, 1706-1981
    Extent: Number of pieces: approximately 1,000
    Repository: The Huntington Library
    San Marino, California 91108
    Physical Desciption: Originals or copies: Letters, reports, returns, memorials, etc., addressed to Major General Aberoromby, are originals. Papers emanating from the commander in chief are, almost without exception, office copies written by secretaries.
    Language: English.

    Administrative Information

    Provenance

    This collection was purchased from Lathrop C. Harper, New York dealer, in August, 1923. The Library has no record of previous owners.

    Access

    Collection is open to qualified researchers by prior application through the Reader Services Department. For more information please go to following URL .

    Publication Rights

    In order to quote from, publish, or reproduce any of the manuscripts or visual materials, researchers must obtain formal permission from the office of the Library Director. In most instances, permission is given by the Huntington as owner of the physical property rights only, and researchers must also obtain permission from the holder of the literary rights. In some instances, the Huntington owns the literary rights, as well as the physical property rights. Researchers may contact the appropriate curator for further information.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], James Abercromby Papers, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

    Biography

    James Abercromby (1706-81), British general, was a native of Banffshire, Scotland. He entered the army as a youth, and rose by degrees to be major general, in 1756. At this time, through the influence of the Earl of Loudoun, Abercromby was appointed his second in command in North America, and, in 1758, when Loudoun was recalled, succeeded him. It soon became apparent that Abercromby was unfitted for the supreme command, and he was replaced by Amherst within the year. Following his recall, he received the usual military promotion, and finally attained the rank of general in 1772.

    Subject matter: Year 1758 of the Seven Years War in North America

    A. The campaign of
    Date: 1758:
    orders and instructions
    B. Embargo on colonial shipping,
    Date: Mar. 14, 1758
    C. Capitulation of Fort William Henry declared void by the English; complications relative to the exchange of prisoners of war
    D. Surrender of Louisbourg
    E. Expedition against Ticonderoga
    • 1. Defeat of Major General Abercromby
    • 2. Death of Lord Howe
    F. Alarms up the Mohawk River; defenses at the Oneida Carrying Place
    G. Reduction of Cadaraqui (Fort Frontenac) by Lieutenant Colonel John Bradstreet
    H. Brigadier General John Forbes's march against Fort Duquesne
    • 1. Difficulties with the Indian allies
    • 2. Opening of roads and establishing of outposts
    • 3. Capture of Major Grant and party
    • 4. French evacuation of Fort Duquesne
    I. Indian affairs
    • 1. Efforts to unite the northern and southern Indians to the English cause
    • 2. Gathering of the Cherokee Nation for the expedition to the Ohio, under Brigadier General Forbes
    • 3. Conferences called by Governor Denny, of Pennsylvania
    J. Returns of troops, arms, provisions, etc.
    K. Returns of the staff
    L. Orders, warrants, appointments, etc., issued by the commander in chief
    M. Recall of Major General Abercromby

    Some important or interesting items:

    • Abercromby, James. An Examination Of the Acts of Parliament Relative To the Trade and the Government of our American Colonies. Also The Different Constitutions of Government in the Colonies Considered With Remarks By way of a Bill for Amendment of the Laws of this Kingdom in Relation to the Government and Trade of these Colonies... May, 1752
    • James Abercromby, a kinsman of the general, served as agent in England for the colonies of Virginia and the Carolinas, 1738-60.
    • Howe, George Augustus, 3d Viscount Howe. Two letters to Major General Abercromby reporting his preparations for the attack on Ticonderoga. May 28 and 30, 1758
    • Post, Christian Frederick. Journal of Frederick Post's Journey from Philadelphia to Wioming. June 20, 1758
    • Relation de L'affaire du 8 Julliet 1758. (Endorsed: A French Relation of the Affair of the 8th July, 1758, At Ticonderoga, found in the woods at Gaspe.)
    • Wolfe, James. Letter to Major General Abercromby, relating his activities following the surrender of Louisbourg until his departure for England. Sept. 30, 1758

    Persons represented by ten or more pieces

    Abercromby, James
    446 pieces
    Appy, John
    28 pieces
    Bradstreet, John
    10 pieces
    De Lancey, James
    28 pieces
    Denny, William
    18 pieces
    Forbes, John
    25 pieces
    Hancock, Thomas
    16 pieces
    Johnson, Sir William
    29 pieces
    Lawrence, Charles
    15 pieces
    Lyttelton, William Henry, 1st Baron Lyttelton of Frankley (second creation)
    10 pieces
    Montresor, James Gabriel
    12 pieces
    Pitt, William, 1st Earl of Chatham
    20 pieces
    Pownall, Thomas
    36 pieces
    Stanwix, John
    22 pieces
    Vaudreuil-Cavagnal, Pierre François de Rigaud, Marquis de
    10 pieces