Originals or copies: Letters, reports, returns, memorials, etc., addressed to Major General Aberoromby, are originals. Papers
emanating from the commander in chief are, almost without exception, office copies written by secretaries.
James Abercromby (1706-81), British general, was a native of Banffshire, Scotland. He entered the army as a youth, and rose
by degrees to be major general, in 1756. At this time, through the influence of the Earl of Loudoun, Abercromby was appointed
his second in command in North America, and, in 1758, when Loudoun was recalled, succeeded him. It soon became apparent that
Abercromby was unfitted for the supreme command, and he was replaced by Amherst within the year. Following his recall, he
received the usual military promotion, and finally attained the rank of general in 1772.
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