Scope and Content Note
Title: George I. Duca papers,
Date (inclusive): 1819-1985
Collection number: 75085
Duca, George I., 1905-
107 manuscript boxes, 2 oversize boxes, 1 envelope, 4 phonotape reels
(45.5 linear feet)
Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Abstract: Diaries, correspondence, speeches and writings, reports, and photographs, relating to Romanian foreign policy and politics
in the twentieth century, and to the Romanian royal family. Also available on microfilm (89 reels).
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Originals closed. Microfilm available for use.
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to
copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives
at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see
or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.
For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.
[Identification of item], George I. Duca Papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.
Increments may have been received since this finding aid was prepared. Please check Stanford University's online catalog Socrates
to find the full extent of the collection.
Alternative Forms of Material Available
Also available on Microfilm (89 reels).
||Romanian diplomat; held various diplomatic posts, including in Tokyo, Rio de Janeiro, and Washington, D.C.
||Recalled to Bucharest, he was appointed Assistant Chief of the Political Division of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
||While chargé d'affaires in Finland, Duca met informally with some close American friends who worked at the U.S. embassy in
Stockholm. During their discussions, Duca informed them of Romania's willingness to break its alliance with the Nazis. He
then reported these discussions to King Michael and to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
|1943 August - 1947
||While assigned to the Romanian legation in Sweden, he was asked by the leaders of the democratic opposition parties and King
Michael to secretly contact the U.S. embassy and let it know of their plans to overthrow Romania's fascist government, led
by Ion Antonescu
||Duca carried out negotiations with both the American and Soviet embassies until the coup on August 23, when King Michael proclaimed
that Romania was joining the allied forces
||Moved to the United States
||Got involved in the relief movement for new Romanian refugees
||Became an American citizen
||Active with relief work as Secretary of the Romanian Welfare in New York
||Lecturer as a member of the International PEN Club, whose cover he used for his work for the Free Europe Committee and for
the Assembly of Captive European Nations (which he represented in Japan)
||Executive Director of Alliances Françaises, United States
||Part-time lecturer and student advisor at Stanford University
||Helped build the Romanian collections of the Hoover Institution Archives on the Stanford campus
||Contributor, Radio Free Europe
|1985 November 17
Scope and Content Note
After 30 years of self-imposed exile, George Duca, a former Romanian diplomat, said: "My Romania has disappeared and never
will be alive again" (
San Francisco Examiner, May 2, 1978, "The Monarchist Who Lost All: At 72, He's a Winner" by Peter King). Trying to recreate "his" Romania, he built
a small island in the Hoover Archives: an invaluable research collection on Romanian modern history. Between 1975 and 1985,
he donated to the archives the private papers of his father (former Prime Minister of Romania) and of almost fifty of his
friends and collaborators, former politicians, diplomats and writers.
George Duca's papers consist mainly of 120 notebooks of his diary (of significant importance are those from 1914-1949); his
correspondence with various royal figures (including Queen Marie, Princess Ileana, and Queen Helen of Romania,), his family
(including his father, Ion Duca), and Romanian émigré leaders; his memoirs,
Cronica unui Român in veacul XX, including an English translation, and his reports from Japan (where he worked for the Free Europe Committee, under the cover
of the International PEN Club) to the Free Europe Committee and the Assembly of Captive European Nations (see Career file,
George Duca's collection also contains a large number of remarkable prints. Among them, hundreds depicting members of the
Romanian royal family, which constitute one of the most impressive photographic collections regarding the Romanian royal family
abroad. These are to be found not only in the PHOTOGRAPHS series, but also in the DIARIES series.
The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the repository's online public access catalog.
Marie, Queen, consort of Ferdinand I, King of Romania, 1875-1938.
Romania--Court and courtiers.
Romania--Politics and government--1914-1944.
Genres and Forms of Material