Ethnographic Photographs of California Indian and Sonora Indian Subjects by Alfred L. Kroeber, 1901-1930

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Ethnographic Photographs of California Indian and Sonora Indian Subjects by Alfred L. Kroeber, 1901-1930

Collection number: Accession 4690

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, CA 94720-6000
Phone: (510) 642-6481
Fax: (510) 642-7589
Email: bancref@library.berkeley.edu
URL: http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/
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Collection Summary

Collection Title: Ethnographic Photographs of California Indian and Sonora Indian Subjects by Alfred L. Kroeber
Date: 1901-1930
Collection Number: Accession 4690
Extent: 636 photographic prints 626 digital objects
Repository: The Bancroft Library.
University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, CA 94720-6000
Phone: (510) 642-6481
Fax: (510) 642-7589
Email: bancref@library.berkeley.edu
URL: http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/
Languages Represented: Collection materials are in

Information for Researchers

Access

Original prints are restricted and may not be viewed unless permission is granted by the museum's Director. Photographs should be requested by their catalogue numbers.

Publication Rights

Copyright has been assigned to the Phoebe Hearst Museum of Anthropology. All requests for permission to publish photographs must be submitted in writing to the museum's Director.
Copyright restrictions also apply to digital representations of the original materials. Use of digital files is restricted to research and educational purposes.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Ethnographic Photographs of California Indian and Sonora Indian Subjects by Alfred L. Kroeber, 1901-1930, Accession 4690, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley

Digital Representations Available

Digital representations of selected original pictorial materials are available in the list of materials below. Digital image files were prepared from selected Library originals by the Library Photographic Service. Library originals were copied onto 35mm color transparency film; the film was scanned and transferred to Kodak Photo CD (by Custom Process); and the Photo CD files were color-corrected and saved in JFIF (JPEG) format for use as viewing files.

Related Collections

Kroeber's personal photographs and papers are held by The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

Administrative Information

Acquisition Information

Ethnographic photographs by Professor Alfred Kroeber in the collection of the Phoebe Hearst Museum of Anthropology are works made for hire.

"Alfred Kroeber and the Photographic Representation of California Indians"

Ira Jacknis
Published in American Indian Culture and Research Journal
vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 15-32 (1996)
I ra Jacknis is Associate Reserach Anthropologist at the Phoebe Hearst Musem of Anthropology, University of California, Berkeley. In addition to visual anthropology, his interests include museology, the history of anthropology, and the art and culture of Indians of Western North America.
Although Alfred Kroeber is universally regarded as the founder of California Indian studies, 1 his important use of the camera as an ethnographic tool is virtually unknown. In fact, Kroeber was one of the first anthropologists to photograph California Native peoples.
California has never attracted as many photographers as other regions of Native America, such as the Southwest. 2 Most likely, this was due to the rapid depopulation and massive acculturation. By the time of Kroeber's fieldwork at the turn of the century, there were comparatively few Native people left in the state, and from a naive, "Anglo" perspective, they did not look particularly Native. Most of the earliest surviving photographs of the California Indian are by a handful of professional photographers. 3 In the fall of 1892, Henry W. Henshaw photographed the Pomo living near Ukiah for the Smithsonian's Bureau of American Ethnology. 4 With these pictures, Henshaw became probably the first California Indian photographer who made his living as an anthropologist -although his training had been in biology. Several years later, Roland Dixon, a Harvard graduate student working for the American Museum of Natural History, began to photograph the Maidu in 1899. About the same time, Pliny Goddard, a Quaker missionary among the Hupa, was also taking pictures, which he later published as an anthropologist at the University of California. 5 Finally, in 1901, just before Kroeber joined the University, Dr. Philip M. Jones took a series of Californian Indian pictures for Phoebe Hearst, the founder of the University's Museum of Anthropology.
When Alfred Kroeber first arrived in California in the summer of 1900, he was still in the middle of research for the American Museum of Natural History in New York. Born in 1876, Kroeber had grown up in Manhattan and attended Columbia University. While a graduate student in the late 1890s, he came under the influence of Franz Boas, who initiated him into anthropology. During the summers of 1899, 1900, and 1901, Kroeber made three collecting trips to the Arapaho and other Plains tribes, sponsored by the American Museum. We know that he used a camera on these expeditions, but the photos do not seem to have survived. 6
In August 1900, Kroeber was appointed Curator of Anthropology at the California Academy of Sciences in San Francisco. After six weeks spent reviewing the collections, Kroeber set out on a collecting trip, first to the north and the Yurok, Hupa, Karuk around the Klamath River and then south to the Mohave. As the Academy could not afford to pay for collections, which were usually donated, he left by Christmas.
In late spring of the following year, Kroeber was offered a position in the new museum and department of Anthropology at the University of California, then being formed under the patronage of Phoebe Apperson Hearst. 7 At its inception, the program's mission was collecting and research; teaching was to be postponed. At the museum, Kroeber began with an unspecified curatorial position and was officially appointed curator in 1908; he became the Museum's director in 1925. 8 His initial academic position was that of instructor (1901-06), although he did not start teaching until spring of 1902. 9 Gradually, teaching occupied more of his time.
Alfred Kroeber was overwhelmingly a literary person. 10 He had been an English major in college, taking a master's in the subject in 1897. Accordingly, as an ethnographer his preferred subjects were language and myth, his preferred medium, pencil and notebook. Working, however, in an embracive, Boasian framework, 11 Kroeber made use of mechanical recording devices--cameras and especially phonographs--to document Native life.
ETHNOGRAPHIC AIMS
Like all ethnographers, Alfred Kroeber's specific fieldwork practice stemmed from his fundamental conception of the ethnological project. Three aspects deserve attention here: the creation of an objective record, the need for survey and comparison, and the construction of an "ethnographic present."
Kroeber took from his mentor Franz Boas a multi-media approach to recording Native cultures--including texts (primarily in Native languages), ethnographic observations, sound recordings, artifacts, as well as photographs. All were discrete objects in some way, and all could ultimately be preserved in a museum or archives. 12 Commenting on Kroeber's fieldwork methodology, historian Timothy Thoresen has noted that, "A trip that began with a search for baskets among the Yurok, for example, might well result also in notebooks full of lists of names for Yurok habitation sites with estimated population, information on house types, statements of both reported and observed practices, and several myths with comments on the informants." 13 For Kroeber, however, the visual world of photographs and artifacts was secondary to the verbal realm of linguistic notes and texts (folklore), and an examination of his field work activity reveals that he spent relatively little time in artifact collecting, and even less in photography.
Kroeber spent much of the first decade of his career in intensive fieldwork among the Indians of California. Though broad, this research was essentially shallow, at least during these early years. Confronted by the enormous cultural, social, and linguistic diversity of Native California, Kroeber's response was survey and mapping. 14 As he noted to Boas in 1903, "virtually all of my field work has been essentially comparative." 15 In that year, this on-going work was formally institutionalized as the Archaeological and Ethnological Survey of California, with the financial support of Phoebe Hearst. 16 Kroeber's dedication to survey explains the great diversity of Native groups that he recorded in just a few short years, and it may have discouraged him from focusing on the minute and concrete aspects of culture best captured by the camera.
Ultimately, in fact, photography could not answer the ethnological questions that Kroeber asked. His research was dedicated to the reconstruction of a Native past that no longer existed. 17 As he explained in the preface to his summarizing Handbook of the Indians of California, his mission was to "reconstruct and present the scheme within which these people in ancient and more recent times lived their lives. It is concerned with their civilization --at all events the appearance they presented on discovery, and whenever possible an unraveling, from such indications as analysis and comparison now and then afford, of the changes and growth of their culture." 18 Kroeber went on to explain that he was omitting "accounts of the relations of the natives with the whites and of the events befalling them after such contact was established." 19 He would, he added, consider post-contact culture only when necessary to "form an estimate of an ancient vanished culture." The lives of Native Californians had changed immensely since contact, especially in such crucial aspects of material culture as clothing and houses. Even their bodies had changed, with significant degrees of intermarriage. The camera could be of little use in documenting "the appearance they presented on discovery." It could not record a vanished culture.
OVERVIEW
As most of Kroeber's fieldwork, especially of Californian peoples, was sponsored by the University of California, it is not surprising that all of his surviving original photographs are in the collections of the Hearst Museum of Anthropology (formerly, the Lowie Museum), at the Berkeley campus. Although museum records make it difficult to determine precisely which photographs are Kroeber's, 636 images appear to have been taken by him. Generally, especially in his early years, Kroeber employed a smaller, more portable camera (with 3 1/2 by 3 1/2 inch film), instead of the larger glass-plate devices used by many professionals. 20
Kroeber's photography naturally corresponds to the people, places, and dates of his more general ethnographic fieldwork. Some of his pictures were taken in 1901, but most of his early photography came in 1902, when he spent several months in the field. For the following few years, academic duties kept him close to home. The next substantial body of photographs--in fact, the bulk of his work in this medium--were produced in 1907, when he took many portraits as part of a survey of the physical anthropology of California natives. Undoubtedly, he was also impelled by the knowledge that the department's founder and benefactor, Phoebe Hearst, would be drastically reducing her funding in 1908. 21 Kroeber's last ethnographic photographs were twenty images of the Seri of Baja California, taken in March of 1930.
Although Kroeber collected artifacts from at least eighteen different groups before 1918--when he finished work on the Handbook--his photography was much more restricted. Only three groups were substantially documented--the Yurok (220), Hupa (133), and Yahi (121). Five more were modestly recorded--Karuk (37), Cahuilla (35), Mohave (34), Yokuts (20), and Seri (20), and four were subjects of essentially miscellaneous photography--Round Valley Reservation (6), Luiseo (4), Wintun (3), and Southeastern Pomo (3).
The Yurok were virtually the first California group that Kroeber encountered, and they were, by far, the principal subject of his ethnography over his long career. 22 In contrast to other Native groups, which Kroeber usually photographed only once, the Yurok were visually documented repeatedly--in 1901, 1902, 1906, and 1907. Of these pictures, 89 depicted people and 72 were of scenery and sites.
The second-most popular subject of Kroeber's photography was Ishi, the last Yahi Indian, who lived at the Anthropology Museum of the University of California from September, 1911 until his death in March of 1916. In May of 1914, Kroeber took Ishi and a research team back to Ishi's homeland in the Deer Creek area of Tehama County, in northeastern California. For a month, Ishi demonstrated the now-vanished customs of his people, which Kroeber and his friends documented in about 150 images (about one half of the Ishi photo collection at the Museum).
Another relatively large body of Kroeber photographs were of the Hupa of the Trinity River area, also in Northwestern California. All his Hupa photographs were taken in 1907, nominally for the physical anthropology survey. Generally, Kroeber had left Hupa ethnography and photography to his University colleague Pliny Goddard, just as he had left recording of the Pomo to his student Samuel Barrett, and the Maidu to Roland Dixon's expeditions, sponsored by the American Museum of Natural History.
Without doubt, the major subject of Kroeber's photography was people, most taken on his 1907 survey of physical anthropology. The second most common is scenery, with material culture (houses and artifact production/use) a distant third.
THINGS
Although not remembered today as a museum anthropologist, Kroeber actually did a fair amount of artifact collecting. 23 Unlike other ethnographic photographers--men like James Mooney or even Franz Boas--however, Kroeber took very few pictures of portable objects (baskets, drums, bows, etc.). In several pictures, he did record in a field setting artifacts that he subsequently collected for the Museum, for instance, a Yurok door and some baskets. 24
Architecture--family and sweat houses--was the principal subject of his material culture images. In keeping with his salvage motives, Kroeber recorded only the old-style plank houses that were rapidly becoming obsolete instead of the western-style milled frame houses in which most Yurok were living at the time. However, among the several important shots of house interiors, one can discern tin cans and other items of modern life.
Kroeber took very few shots of technological process, of objects being made and used. Most in this category depict fishing along the Klamath River. Furthermore, with one notable exception, Kroeber took no sequence shots of related stages in a given activity (e.g., pottery-making or dancing). 25 The principal exception occurred during the 1914 trip with Ishi to Deer Creek (see below).
PLACES
Kroeber took many pictures of scenery in Native territory, especially in the Klamath River area. While at first glance these images, with no sign of human occupation, appear to be devoid of ethnological interest, closer investigation (documented in the writing of Kroeber and his colleagues) reveals that they illustrate sites important to Native mythology or ritual. Following, perhaps, the cultural emphases of a riverine people, Kroeber also linked some of his photos spatially, constructing a panorama along a river or mountain valley by taking two or three contiguous and overlapping shots. 26
While such an approach was not unknown among ethnographic photographers of his time, 27 Kroeber's extensive interest in this sphere reveals an acute sensitivity to Native world view. Native peoples of Northwestern California regarded their surroundings as the sites of great events during mythic times. In adopting this perspective, Kroeber recalls the Native interests revealed in photographs by George Hunt, the Kwakiutl assistant of Franz Boas. 28 What is striking, for our argument, is that these pictures are devoid of a physical or surface meaning. That is, they derive their significance from intangibles, from what is not seen, and thus, they are yet another sign of Kroeber's interest in a primarily verbal ethnography.
PEOPLE
Most of Kroeber's photographs of people were taken on his 1907 physical anthropology survey. While many are indeed the kinds of head shots, posed in linked frontal and profile pairs, that would be suitable for such a survey, many are of groups of children, whole figures shot from a distance, which would be of little use for any scientific investigation. By Kroeber's time, such physical type photography had a long tradition in anthropology, but one that would not last much longer. 29 Kroeber measured many of these individuals (keyed to his field notes in the museum's photo catalogue).
Generally, people are dressed in their everyday, western attire; a few wear ceremonial regalia. Kroeber made no effort to dress them in aboriginal clothes, unlike Edward Curtis or even Franz Boas. 30 Kroeber probably did this because he did not intend to use the photos for public consumption, and/or because it would have taken too much time and effort away from his priority of writing.
Many of the people Kroeber photographed were related; in separate shots he recorded generations of grandparents, parents, and children. At least on his 1907 survey, his photography was actually quite comprehensive; he was able to take pictures of 93 Hupa people (21 men, 14 women, and 58 children) out of a total population of 420. 31
The photographs of Ishi are the largest body of Kroeber's portraits. He shared the photographic duties on the 1914 expedition with Dr. Saxton Pope, Ishi's friend and physician. Given Pope's keen interest in archery, it comes as no surprise that he took most of the pictures of Ishi using bow and arrow.
In many respects, this Ishi series is unusual in Kroeber's oeuvre. While living in San Francisco, Ishi wore white man's clothes--typically, trousers, shirt, jacket, and shoes. Although Ishi went up to Deer Creek in western clothing, Kroeber had him strip down for performances to be documented by the camera (sequences documenting fire-making, bow and arrow-making, hunting, fishing). In these images, Ishi wears a loin-cloth that he may never have worn before coming into the white man's world. Yahi men had formerly worn a variety of animal skin robes, blankets, and aprons. 32 In fact, although Ishi and his family were attempting to flee from "civilization," he lived his entire life in a world formed by the white man. Along with glass-bottle projectile points and metal spoons, the Yahi of Ishi's time also used cloth hats and denim bags. 33
The marked differences between the Ishi corpus and the rest of Kroeber's photographic portraits is a reflection of the special place that Ishi occupied in his research. First, Ishi was a major public sensation, and Kroeber may have felt more of a compulsion to "dress up" (or rather "down") Ishi. Perhaps significantly, he used a larger, 5 by 7 inch camera for the Ishi series, thereby ensuring a better, more detailed image. More generally, with an ethnography predicated upon salvage and the vanishing Indian, Kroeber believed that Ishi was the closest he had come to an untouched California aboriginal. These would be the photographs that he could never get.
PUBLICATION OF PHOTOGRAPHS
Alfred Kroeber used relatively few photos in his publications, and when he did, they are minimally captioned. His most extensively illustrated publication is his summary reference work, the Handbook of the Indians of California. 34 In the photographs, like the text itself, he supplements his own research with the work of his students and colleagues.
Generally, Kroeber presented his images very closely to how he originally photographed them, with little cropping, enlargement, or retouching. In his captions, he used his pictures to construct an "ethnographic present." None of the people illustrated in the Handbook are identified by personal name, which were often known to Kroeber. For instance, pictures of Ishi shooting a bow and drilling fire are identified as "Yahi" instead of with Ishi's name. 35 Nor did Kroeber date any of his photographs in captions until after 1940, when he began to publish his research in collaboration with his students. By then, these images had achieved a kind of historical significance.
In fact, Kroeber seems to have made the most extensive use of photographs quite late in his life, when he co-authored two important monographs with younger colleagues. Both were on Northwestern California subjects--on World Renewal ceremonies and fishing. In the former volume, there is a comparison between an 1890s photo by Augustus Ericson and a 1902 version by Kroeber of the same Yurok sweat house, with a consideration of the changes, and the latter volume includes a good deal of analysis based directly on photographic evidence. 36 Given the marked difference between these approaches and those publications authored solely by Kroeber, one may conclude that such photographic sophistication was due to Kroeber's student colleagues. 37
LEGACY
Research on the visual imagery of California Indians has not progressed enough to allow us to make an adequate comparison of Alfred Kroeber's work with those of his colleagues: fellow ethnographers such as Roland Dixon, Pliny Goddard, C. Hart Merriam, and John P. Harrington; students like Samuel A. Barrett and Edward W. Gifford; collectors John W. Hudson and Grace Nicholson; and professional photographers such as Augustus W. Ericson, who preceded Kroeber, and Edward Curtis, who came after. 38
A few comparisons strike one, however. Conspicuously absent in Kroeber's oeuvre are the ceremonial images of the Hupa and Yurok taken by his predecessor, Augustus W. Ericson. 39 Ericson had to overcome a good bit of resistance to take these pictures, and perhaps Kroeber's need to establish rapport encouraged him to respect Native wishes. Another possible reason was that Kroeber's summer trips did not coincide with the usual times of these ceremonies. Compared to Edward Curtis, Kroeber seems to have recorded Indian people as he found them, not dressing them up in archaic clothing (with the notable exception of Ishi) or in ceremonial regalia which they wore only at special occasions.
Alfred Kroeber's photographs have come to serve as some of our principal sources for the visual image of Native Californians. They were featured prominently in the major photographic album devoted to the subject, Almost Ancestors, as well as the recent magazine, News from Native California. 40 Perhaps the most interesting and most extensive use of his pictures was by his widow, Theodora Kroeber, in her influential biography of Ishi. 41 Relying heavily on the 1914 Deer Creek series, Mrs. Kroeber followed her husband's lead in situating Ishi as a pre-contact aborigine, further contributing to the creation of a mythical, in fact, timeless, "ethnographic present."
In the last decade, however, Native Californian cultures have been restored to their temporal position. The recent revitalization of these cultures has generated an intensive search for any and all records of earlier times. Native people are now the most interested and dedicated users of these ethnographic collections. Alfred Kroeber's photographs have been given a relevance and active use that would probably have surprised but not displeased him.
NOTES
1 Robert F. Heizer, "History of Research," in California, ed. Robert F. Heizer, Handbook of North American Indians, 8, ed. William C. Sturtevant (Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1978), 8; Sylvia Brakke Vane, "California Indians, Historians, and Ethnographers," California History 71 (1992):335. For invaluable assistance in locating and evaluating the Kroeber photographs, I would like to thank Mary Johenk, undergraduate at University of California, Berkeley. For stimulating conversations and guidance, I thank Eugene Prince, photographer, Hearst Museum, and Sally McLendon, City University of New York.
2 Unfortunately, there is no comprehensive review of California Indian photography; see Theodora Kroeber and Robert F. Heizer, Almost Ancestors: The First Californians (San Francisco: Sierra Club, 1968). For pre-photographic representations in drawings, paintings, and etchings, see Theodora Kroeber, Albert B. Elsasser, and Robert F. Heizer, Drawn from Life: California Indians in Pen and Brush (Socorro, NM: Ballena Press, 1977).
3 Peter E. Palmquist, "Mirror of Our Conscience: Surviving Photographic Images of California Indians Produced Before 1860," Journal of California Anthropology 5 (1978):163-78.
4 Sally McLendon, "Preparing Museum Collections for Use as Primary Data in Ethnographic Research," in The Research Potential of Anthropological Museum Collections, eds. Anne-Marie Cantwell, James B. Griffin, Nan A. Rothschild (Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 376, 1981), 203.
5 Pliny E. Goddard, Life and Culture of the Hupa (University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology 1, 1903), 1-88.
6 Kroeber reported that most of his Arapaho photos had been destroyed in the San Francisco earthquake and fire of 1906. To date, the surviving prints to which he referred have not been located in the American Museum's collections. Alfred L. Kroeber to Clark Wissler, 19 October 1906, Dept. of Anthropology Archives, American Museum of Natural History (AMNH).
7 Timothy H. H. Thoresen, "Paying the Piper and Calling the Tune: The Beginnings of Academic Anthropology in California," Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences 11 (1975):257-75.
8 Kroeber retired from the Museum in 1947, serving as director emeritus until his death in 1960.
9 Kroeber's academic positions were: instructor (1901-06), assistant professor (1906-11), associate professor (1911-19), full professor (1919-46), professor emeritus (1946-60).
10 . . . Theodora Kroeber, Alfred Kroeber: A Personal Configuration (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1970).
11 Ira Jacknis, "Franz Boas and Exhibits: On the Limitations of the Museum Method of Anthropology," in Objects and Others: Essays on Museums and Material Culture, ed. George W. Stocking (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1985), 75-111; "The Ethnographic Object and the Object of Ethnology in the Early Career of Franz Boas," in Volkgeist as Method and Ethic: Essays on Boasian Ethnography and the German Anthropological Tradition, ed. George W. Stocking (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1996), 185-214.
12 For a critical statement of Boas's "objective" and collecting orientation to ethnology, see his 1903 testimony to the Smithsonian committee investigating the Bureau of American Ethnology, in Curtis M. Hinsley, Jr., Savages and Scientists: The Smithsonian Institution and the Development of American Anthropology, 1846-1910 (Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1981), 268; and Jacknis, "The Ethnographic Object and the Object of Ethnology."
13 Timothy H. H. Thoresen, "Kroeber and the Yurok, 1900-1908," in Yurok Myths, by Alfred L. Kroeber (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1976), xxi.
14 Regna D. Darnell, "The Development of American Anthropology, 1879-1920: From the Bureau of American Ethnology to Franz Boas" (Ph.D. dissertation in Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania, 1969), 299-318; Harner and McLendon in Eric R. Wolf, "Alfred Kroeber," in Totems and Teachers: Perspectives on the History of Anthropology, ed. Sydel Silverman (New York: Columbia University Press, 1981), 58-60; Thomas Buckley, "Kroeber's Theory of Culture Areas and the Ethnology of Northwestern California," Anthropological Quarterly 62 (1989):15-26.
15 Alfred L. Kroeber to Franz Boas, 19 May 1903, AMNH.
16 Alfred Kroeber and Frederic W. Putnam, The Department of Anthropology of the University of California (Berkeley: University of California, 1905).
17 Thomas Buckley, "'The Little History of Pitiful Events': The Epistemological and Moral Contexts of Kroeber's Californian Ethnology," in Volkgeist as Method and Ethic: Essays on Boasian Ethnography and the German Anthropological Tradition, ed. George Stocking (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1996), 257-97.
18 Alfred L. Kroeber, Handbook of the Indians of California (Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin no. 78, 1925), v.
19 Kroeber, Handbook, vi.
20 Actually Kroeber seems to have used a variety of camera formats, including 2 1/2 by 3 1/2, 3 1/4 by 3 1/4, 3 1/2 by 5 1/2, 4 by 5, 5 by 7, 6 1/2 by 8 1/2, 8 by 10 inches. Such a diversity within a few years is a little surprising; it is not clear if these were all Museum cameras. He never seems to have used glass-plate negatives.
21 Thoresen, "Paying the Piper."
22 Thoresen, "Kroeber and the Yurok."
23 Ira Jacknis, "Alfred Kroeber as a Museum Anthropologist," Museum Anthropology 17 (1993):27-32.
24 Yurok wooden door (1-11855), collected in May, 1907 (Phoebe Hearst Museum of Anthropology, accession 288).
25 See Ira Jacknis, "Franz Boas and Photography," Studies in Visual Communication 10 (1984):2-60; "James Mooney as an Ethnographic Photographer," Visual Anthropology 3 (1990):179-212.
26 In June, 1907, Kroeber recorded the Yurok "Medicine for the Dead" on nineteen wax cylinders (37 min., 30 sec.), translated in Alfred L. Kroeber, Yurok Myths (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1976), 305-07. "The formulist here addresses 19 landmarks (rocks that embody or contain spirits) beginning upriver and ending at the mouth of the Klamath at Requa." Richard Keeling, A Guide to Early Field Recordings (1900-1949) at the Lowie Museum of Anthropology (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991), 81. Many of Kroeber's scenic shots were used by his student Thomas T. Waterman in his Yurok Geography (University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology 16, 1920), 177-314.
27 For Mooney, cf. Jacknis, "James Mooney."
28 Ira Jacknis, "George Hunt, Kwakiutl Photographer," in Anthropology and Photography, 1860-1920, ed. Elizabeth Edwards (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992), 146.
29 Jacknis, "Franz Boas and Photography"; Elizabeth Edwards, "Photographic 'Types': The Pursuit of Method," Visual Anthropology 3 (1992):235-58.
30 Jacknis, "Franz Boas and Photography."
31 William J. Wallace, "Hupa, Chilula, and Whilkut," in California, ed. Heizer, 176.
32 Jerald Jay Johnson, "Yana," in California, ed. Heizer, 367.
33 Robert F. Heizer and Theodora Kroeber, eds., Ishi, The Last Yahi: A Documentary History (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1979), 154.
34 Kroeber, Handbook.
35 Kroeber, Handbook, pl. 78. Of course, "Ishi" was not his real name, which he refused to divulge. Ishi, meaning "man" in Yahi, was given to him by Kroeber (Theodora Kroeber, Ishi in Two Worlds: A Biography of the Last Wild Indian in North America (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1961; deluxe, illustrated edition, 1976), 127-29.
36 Alfred Kroeber and Samuel A. Barrett, Fishing Among the Indians of Northwestern California (University of California Anthropological Records 21, 1960), 152; Alfred Kroeber and Edward W. Gifford, World Renewal: A Cult System of Native Northwest California (University of California Anthropological Records 13, 1949), 29-30, 33-34.
37 Several of Kroeber's physical-type portraits and most of his metric data were published by Edward W. Gifford as part of his summary of California Anthropometry (University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology 22, 1926), 217-390. Gifford also includes a list of published portraits of Californian Indians (345-46). Interestingly, Gifford did not seem able to incorporate visual data into his analyses, using them more as confirmation and as illustrations. For a discussion of racial type photography in nineteenth century anthropology, see Edwards, "Photographic Types."
38 As Sally McLendon points out (pers. comm.), not all these "photographers" took their own pictures. The wonderful images associated with Grace Nicholson, for example, were probably taken by her field associate, Carroll S. Hartman (see McLendon, "Preparing Museum Collections," 213-18). She also notes that few photographers represented Indians from all over the state. Unlike Kroeber and Curtis, most worked among the Native peoples around their homes. There is still much research to be done on this subject.
39 Peter E. Palmquist with Lincoln Kilian, A.W. Ericson. The Photographers of the Humboldt Bay Region, 7 (Arcata, CA: Peter E. Palmquist, 1989), 95-97; revised edition of Fine California Views: The Photographs of A.W. Ericson (Eureka: Interface California Corporation, 1975).
40 T. Kroeber and Heizer, Almost Ancestors, as well as the recent magazine, News from Native California, edited by Malcolm Margolin (Berkeley: Heyday Books, 1987 ).
41 T. Kroeber, Ishi in Two Worlds.

Container Listing

 

Yurok

 

Bows 15-1332

Additional Note

Number: 7
 

Drum 15-1333

Additional Note

Number: 8
 

Baskets 15-1334

Additional Note

Number: 10
 

Baskets 15-1335

Additional Note

Number: 11
 

Dresses and head-bands 15-1336

Additional Note

Number: 12
 

Interior of house 15-1337

Additional Note

Number: 14
Place: Weitchpec
 

Interior of house 15-1338

Additional Note

Number: 15
Place: Weitchpec
 

Carved rock 15-1339

Additional Note

Number: 16
Place: 2 mi below Weitchpec on river
 

Carved rock 15-1340

Additional Note

Number: 17
Place: 2 mi below Weitchpec on river
 

Carved rock 15-1341

Additional Note

Number: 18
Place: 2 mi below Weitchpec on river
 

Carved rock 15-1342

Additional Note

Number: 19
Place: 2 mi below Weitchpec on river
 

Klamath River, looking up 15-1343

Additional Note

Number: 20
Place: Just above Kepel
 

Klamath River, rapids 15-1344

Additional Note

Number: 21
Place: Kenek
 

Fishing place 15-1345

Additional Note

Number: 22
Place: Yurok territory
 

Klamath River 15-1346

Additional Note

Number: 23
Place: Yurok territory
 

Klamath River 15-1347

Additional Note

Number: 24
Place: Yurok territory
 

Rock, past which women do not go in a canoe 15-1348

Additional Note

Number: 25
Place: Near Merip
 

Trinity River 15-1349

Additional Note

Number: 26
 

Klamath River 15-1350

Additional Note

Number: 27
 

Klamath River 15-1351

Additional Note

Number: 28
 

Village site 15-1352

Additional Note

Number: 29
Place: Klamath River, 10 miles above mouth
 

Klamath 15-1353

Additional Note

Number: 30
Place: Klamath River
 

Rainbow, between Turip and Wohkel 15-1354

Additional Note

Number: 31
Place: Lower Klamath River
 

Fresh water lagoon, looking west 15-1355

Additional Note

Number: 32
Place: Humboldt County
 

Freshwater and Stone Lagoons, looking south 15-1356

Additional Note

Number: 33
Place: Humboldt County
 

Freshwater Lagoon, looking northwest 15-1357

Additional Note

Number: 34
Place: Humboldt County
 

Freshwater Lagoon 15-1358

Additional Note

Number: 35
Place: Humboldt County
 

Freshwater Lagoon 15-1359

Additional Note

Number: 37
Place: Humboldt County
 

Looking down river from Pekwuten (Canyon Tom's) 15-1403

Additional Note

Number: 111
Place: Weitchpec
 

Pekwuten and Ertlerger and view of the Trinity 15-1404

Additional Note

Number: 112
Place: From up river from Weitchpec
 

Below Ertlerger 15-1405

Additional Note

Number: 113
Place: Opposite Weitchpec (goes with 114)
 

The "bar" 15-1406

Additional Note

Number: 114
Place: At Weitchpec (goes with 113)
 

Looking up stream. Looking up the Klamath from Weitchpec 15-1407

Additional Note

Number: 115
Place: Just above Weitchpec
 

Site of Loolego 15-1408

Additional Note

Number: 116
Place: Just above Weitchpec
 

Houke arekw (Houkcarek) rock 15-1409

Additional Note

Number: 117
Place: Just above Weitchpec
 

Slope where first dance of Weitchpec jumping dance is made 15-1410

Additional Note

Number: 118
Place: At Weitchpec
 

Slope where first dance of Weitchpec jumping dance is made 15-1411

Additional Note

Number: 119
Place: At Weitchpec
 

Part of Weitchpec and the bar 15-1412

Additional Note

Number: 120
Place: At Weitchpec
 

Old houses (Stone's and Billy Work's) 15-1413

Additional Note

Number: 121
Place: At Weitchpec
 

Two old houses 15-1414

Additional Note

Number: 122
Place: At Weitchpec
 

House site 15-1415

Additional Note

Number: 123
Place: At Weitchpec
 

Susie's House 15-1416

Additional Note

Number: 124
Place: At Weitchpec
 

Sweat-house 15-1417

Additional Note

Number: 125
Place: At Weitchpec
 

Sacred rock near large pepper tree 15-1418

Additional Note

Number: 126
Place: At Weitchpec
 

Yurok children (Yurok 1/2; White 1/4; Chinese 1/4) 15-1419

Additional Note

Number: 127
Place: At Weitchpec
 

View 15-1420

Additional Note

Number: 128
Place: At Martin's Ferry ?
 

Row of three houses 15-1421

Additional Note

Number: 130
Place: Waxcek
 

"Bluejay's buckskin" rock (\?) 15-1422

Additional Note

Number: 131
Place: Waxcek
 

Kewet Mt. (Weitchpec ridge) seen from down the river 15-1423

Additional Note

Number: 132
Place: Near Merip?
 

A'men Lake (Wilson Creek, north of Requa) cf 144 15-1424

Additional Note

Number: 133
Place: At Requa
 

The first redwood upstream 15-1425

Additional Note

Number: 134
Place: Opposite Kepel
 

Rockpile deposited by women 15-1426

Additional Note

Number: 135
Place: Kepel
 

The farthest upstream redwood 15-1427

Additional Note

Number: 136
Place: Opposite Kepel
 

no description. 15-1428

Additional Note

Number: 137
Place: Kepel, Turip?
 

Trimmed tree, north side of river 15-1429

Additional Note

Number: 138
Place: Opposite, near Turip
 

Place where dead emerge 15-1430

Additional Note

Number: 139
Place: Opposite Turip
 

Where boat from Requa lands when getting sweathouse sticks for jumping dance 15-1431

Additional Note

Number: 140
 

The mouth of the river 15-1432

Additional Note

Number: 141
Place: From near or above Amenoku
 

The mouth of the river 15-1433

Additional Note

Number: 142
Place: From near or above Amenoku
 

Looking up the river 15-1434

Additional Note

Number: 143
Place: Just above and up river from Rekwoi Ranch
 

Lake A'men (cf 133-lower end of lake) 15-1435

Additional Note

Number: 144
Place: At Requa
 

Southernmost of three ranch sites 15-1436

Additional Note

Number: 145
Place: At A'men
 

The beach at southernmost 15-1437

Additional Note

Number: 146
Place: A'men
 

Northernmost ranch sites-also mouth of Wilson Creek 15-1438

Additional Note

Number: 147
Place: At A'men
 

Middle of three ranch sites, old house still standing 15-1439

Additional Note

Number: 149
Place: At A'men
 

Northernmost ranch 15-1440

Additional Note

Number: 150
Place: At A'men
 

View 15-1441

Additional Note

Number: 151
Place: Off A'men
 

The mouth of the Klamath and part of Requa ranch 15-1442

Additional Note

Number: 152
Place: Requa
 

The mouth of the Klamath and part of Requa ranch 15-1443

Additional Note

Number: 153
Place: Requa
 

Welko 15-1444

Additional Note

Number: 154
Place: Opposite Requa
 

Yurok child (1/2 or 3/4 Indian) 15-1445

Additional Note

Number: 155
Place: Requa
 

Woman (Indian), girl (1/2 or 3/4 Indian) and child (1/1 or 3/4 Indian) 15-1446

Additional Note

Number: 156
Place: At Requa
 

Yurok men from near Requa 15-1447

Additional Note

Number: 157
Place: Requa
 

Yurok men from near Requa 15-1448

Additional Note

Number: 158
Place: Requa
 

Woman (Indian), 2 children (as in 156) 15-1449

Additional Note

Number: 159
Place: Requa
 

Yurok boy (3/4 Indian) 15-1450

Additional Note

Number: 160
Place: From Weitchpec at Requa
 

Yurok boys (Indian, 3/4 Indian) 15-1451

Additional Note

Number: 161
 

Yurok boys and house (right Indian, left 3/4 Indian) 15-1452

Additional Note

Number: 162
 

Yurok children (cf 156) 15-1453

Additional Note

Number: 163
 

Door of old house (in which to prepare for jumping dance) 15-1454

Additional Note

Number: 164
Place: Rekwoi
 

House used for jumping dance (cf 164) 15-1455

Additional Note

Number: 165
Place: Rekwoi
 

Mouth of the Klamath 15-1456

Additional Note

Number: 166
 

Looking up river at high tide 15-1457

Additional Note

Number: 167
Place: From near Rekwoi
 

Lagoon of the Klamath at mouth, looking south 15-1458

Additional Note

Number: 168
 

Place for dancing of last two days of Requa jumping dance, at foot of tree 15-1459

Additional Note

Number: 169
Place: Welko
 

Place for dancing of last two days of Requa jumping dance, at foot of tree 15-1460

Additional Note

Number: 170
Place: Welko
 

Orick (P.O.) Redwood Creek from south 15-1461

Additional Note

Number: 171
 

From hill above Arekw of Lagoon at mouth of Redwood Creek from south 15-1462

Additional Note

Number: 172
Place: On hill above Arekw
 

From hill above Arekw of Lagoon at mouth of Redwood Creek from south 15-1463

Additional Note

Number: 173
Place: Seen from above Arekw
 

Freshwater Lagoon, looking south from ridge which divides this Lagoon from Redwood Lagoon 15-1464

Additional Note

Number: 174
 

Freshwater Lagoon, looking south from ridge which divides this Lagoon from Redwood Lagoon 15-1465

Additional Note

Number: 175
 

Site of old Arekw 15-1466

Additional Note

Number: 176
 

North end of Big Lagoon 15-1467

Additional Note

Number: 177
 

Sacred rock 15-1479

Additional Note

Number: 193
Place: Merip, Yurok village
Date: 1902
 

Sacred rock 15-1480

Additional Note

Number: 194
Place: Merip, Yurok village
Date: 1902
 

Tree dressed for sweathouse wood 15-1481

Additional Note

Number: 195
Place: Lower Klamath
 

Yurok 15-2703

 

Yurok 15-2704

 

Stone (male) 15-2705

Additional Note

Number: 201
Date: 7/06
 

Stone (male) 15-2706

Additional Note

Number: 202
Date: 7/06
 

Stone (male) 15-2707

Additional Note

Number: 203
Date: 7/06
 

Yurok Indians (only 1st, 5th, 7th full bloods) 15-2708

Additional Note

Number: 204
Date: 7/06
 

Yurok Indians (only 1st, 5th, 7th full bloods) 15-2709

Additional Note

Number: 205
Date: 7/06
 

Jackson Ames, probably half Chinese 15-2710

Additional Note

Number: 206
Date: 7/06
 

Dave 15-2711

Additional Note

Number: 207
Date: 7/06
 

Yurok boys 15-2712

Additional Note

Number: 208
Date: 7/06
 

Domingo with drum for gambling 15-2713

Additional Note

Number: 210
Date: 7/06
 

Domingo with drum for gambling 15-2714

Additional Note

Number: 211
Date: 7/06
 

Yurok Indians (boy full blood, Robert Frank) 15-2715

Additional Note

Number: 212
Date: 7/06
 

Half breed Yurok with quarter breed children 15-2716

Additional Note

Number: 213
Date: 7/06
 

Half breed Yurok with quarter breed children 15-2717

Additional Note

Number: 214
Date: 7/06
 

Dandy 15-2718

Additional Note

Number: 215
Date: 7/06
 

Dandy 15-2719

Additional Note

Number: 216
Date: 7/06
 

Sam Smoker 15-2720

Additional Note

Number: 217
Date: 7/06
 

Jenny 15-2721

Additional Note

Number: 218
Date: 7/06
 

Jenny's sister 15-2722

Additional Note

Number: 219
Date: 7/06
 

Board-covered graves and old houses 15-2723

Additional Note

Number: 220
Place: Weitchpec
Date: 7/06
 

Steve 15-2724

Additional Note

Number: 222
Date: 7/06
 

Emma and children group 15-2725

Additional Note

Number: 223
Date: 7/06
 

Yurok half breed children group 15-2726

Additional Note

Number: 224
Date: 7/06
 

Yurok half breed children group 15-2727

Additional Note

Number: 225
Date: 7/06
 

Uppermost rapids with rock in stream where being lives who takes drowned men's bones 15-2728

Additional Note

Number: 226
Place: Just above Kenek
Date: 7/06
 

Umits fishing, seen from bank above 15-2729

Additional Note

Number: 227
Date: 7/06
 

Umits of Shaa, raising dip net 15-2730

Additional Note

Number: 228
Date: 7/06
 

The fish-dam site at Kepel, looking upstream 15-2731

Additional Note

Number: 229
 

On Klamath River. North side between Kepel and Meta 15-2732

Additional Note

Number: 230
Date: 7/06
 

Interior of sweathouse 15-2733

Additional Note

Number: 231
Place: Meta
Date: 7/06
 

Meta and trees trimmed for sweat house wood 15-2734

Additional Note

Number: 232
Date: 7/06
 

Interior of old house 15-2735

Additional Note

Number: 235
Place: Ayotl, Klamath River
Date: 7/06
 

Weitchpec Henry (158) 15-3769

Additional Note

Number: xi 10
Place: Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Weitchpec Henry (158), profile 15-3770

Additional Note

Number: xi 11
Place: Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Weitchpec Steve (Adams) (159) 15-3771

Additional Note

Number: xi 12
Place: Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Weitchpec Steve (Adams) (159) profile 15-3772

Additional Note

Number: xii 2
Place: Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Jackson Ames (160), 1/2 Yurok, 1/2 Chinese, full length 15-3773

Additional Note

Number: xii 3
Place: Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Jackson Ames (160), full face 15-3774

Additional Note

Number: xii 4
Place: Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Tommy Peter (161) 15-3775

Additional Note

Number: xii 5
Place: Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Tommy Peter (161), profile 15-3776

Additional Note

Number: xii 6
Place: Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Jimmy Frank (162), 1/4 White 15-3777

Additional Note

Number: xii 7
Place: Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Native house at Weitchpec, belonging to Stone 15-3778

Additional Note

Number: xii 8
Place: Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Stone's house with adjacent house of Billy Work 15-3779

Additional Note

Number: xii 9
Place: Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Six children of John Gist, they are 1/4 Yurok 15-3780

Additional Note

Number: xii 10
Place: Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Domingo (164) 15-3781

Additional Note

Number: xii 12
Place: Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Juanita (165), old woman 15-3782

Additional Note

Number: xiii 3
Place: Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Juanita (165), profile 15-3783

Additional Note

Number: xiii 4
Place: Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Madam (166), wife of Domingo 15-3784

Additional Note

Number: xiii 5
Place: Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Madam (166), profile 15-3785

Additional Note

Number: xiii 6
Place: Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Maggie (171) 15-3786

Additional Note

Number: xiii 9
Place: Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Looking southeast from village site 15-3787

Additional Note

Number: xix 1
Place: Trinidad
 

Ned (167) 15-3788

Additional Note

Number: xiii 11
Place: Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Ned (167), profile 15-3789

Additional Note

Number: xiii 12
Place: Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Dave Durban (170), profile 15-3790

Additional Note

Number: xiv 1
Place: Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Dave Durban (170), full face 15-3791

Additional Note

Number: xiv 2
Place: Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Win Scott, 1/2 Yurok, 1/2 White 15-3792

Additional Note

Number: xiv 3a+b
Place: Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Molly (172), mother of Fancin; old woman, 15-3793

Additional Note

Number: xiv 4
Place: Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Molly (172), mother of Fancin, profile 15-3794

Additional Note

Number: xiv 5
Place: Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Stone (174), old man 15-3795

Additional Note

Number: xiv 6
Place: Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Stone (174), profile 15-3796

Additional Note

Number: xiv 7
Place: Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Stone (174), profile 15-3797

Additional Note

Number: xiv 8
Place: Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Baby of Lena Henry Allen grandchild of 3769, 1/4 White 15-3798

Additional Note

Number: xiv 9
Place: Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Lena Henry Allen (176) daughter of 3769, profile see 13-1410 15-3799

Additional Note

Number: xiv 12
Place: Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Lucky (180) of Merip, old man 15-3800

Additional Note

Number: xv 1
Place: Kenek, 6 mi below Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Lucky (180) of Merip, profile 15-3801

Additional Note

Number: xv 2
Place: Kenek, 6 mi below Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Dan (181) of Kenek, old man 15-3802

Additional Note

Number: xv 3
Place: Kenek, 6 mi below Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Dan (181), profile 15-3803

Additional Note

Number: xv 4
Place: Kenek, 6 mi below Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Rock on sandbar below village -site called Kwenometur see page 14 of notebook 70-A.L.K. 15-3804

Additional Note

Number: xv 5
Place: Kenek, 6 mi below Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Rapids at Kenek, with mythological rocks 15-3805

Additional Note

Number: xv 6
Place: Kenek, 6 mi below Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Woweyek, famous fish place at rapids 15-3806

Additional Note

Number: xv 7
Place: Kenek, 6 mi below Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Looking upstream from point of view of last 15-3807

Additional Note

Number: xv 8
Place: Kenek, 6 mi below Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Woweyek, famous fish place at rapids 15-3808

Additional Note

Number: xv 9
Place: Kenek, 6 mi below Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

House-sites of Thunder (to left in grass) and of Earthquake (to right in brush), back of present village-site-see page 15 of notebook 70, A.L.K. 15-3809

Additional Note

Number: xv 10
Place: Kenek, 6 mi below Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Home-site of Porpoise (depression in foreground) behind this wooded depression said to form a small lake in the winter 15-3810

Additional Note

Number: xv 11
Place: Kenek, 6 mi below Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Home-site of Raccoon (depression in foreground) and of Coyote (in front of nearest central clump of trees) In background, prairie opposite and below Kenek 15-3811

Additional Note

Number: xv 12
Place: Kenek, 6 mi below Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Henry Campbell, old man 15-3812

Additional Note

Number: xvi 1
Place: Wa'soi, 12 mi below Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Henry Campbell, profile 15-3813

Additional Note

Number: xvi 2
Place: Wa'soi, 12 mi below Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Interior of native house, looking from entrance across floor 15-3814

Additional Note

Number: xvi 3
Place: Wa'soi, 12 mi below Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Interior of native house, looking across central pit 15-3815

Additional Note

Number: xvi 4
Place: Wa'soi, 12 mi below Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Interior of native house, looking toward entrance across floor 15-3816

Additional Note

Number: xvi 5
Place: Wa'soi, 12 mi below Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Looking downstream to hill opposite Kepel, on which grow the farthest upstream redwoods on the Klamath River 15-3817

Additional Note

Number: xvi 6
Place: Wa'soi, 12 mi below Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Umits (183), old man 15-3818

Additional Note

Number: xvi 7
Place: Kepel, 12 mi below Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Umits (183), profile 15-3819

Additional Note

Number: xvi 8
Place: Kepel, 12 mi below Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Molly, old woman 15-3820

Additional Note

Number: xvi 9
Place: Kepel, 12 mi below Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Molly, profile 15-3821

Additional Note

Number: xvi 10
Place: Kepel, 12 mi below Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Liza Griffin (186) and Emma Thomas (187) of Murek 15-3822

Additional Note

Number: xvi 11
Place: Kepel, 12 mi below Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Liza Griffin (186) of Murek 15-3823

Additional Note

Number: xvi 12
Place: Kepel, 12 mi below Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Liza Griffin (186) of Murek, profile 15-3824

Additional Note

Number: xvii 1
Place: Kepel, 12 mi below Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Kewet Mt. (behind Weitchpec) looking upstream from flat on which Kepel village is built 15-3825

Additional Note

Number: xvii 2
Place: Kepel, 12 mi below Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Hill across river from Kepel, down which fir branches are rolled for fish dam 15-3826

Additional Note

Number: xvii 4
Place: Kepel, 12 mi below Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Hillside downstream from last, opposite Kepel, redwoods, the farthest up stream on Klamath River 15-3827

Additional Note

Number: xvii 5
Place: Kepel, 12 mi below Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Looking down Klamath River; on hillside to right is fir tree trimmed for sweathouse use 15-3828

Additional Note

Number: xvii 6
Place: Murek, 13 mi below Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Sacred sweathouse 15-3829

Additional Note

Number: xvii 7
Place: Pekwan, 1 mi above Klamath Post office
Date: 1907
 

Rear of house in which jumping dance is held; behind this another native house; to left, a sweathouse, and to left of this, corner of graveyard 15-3830

Additional Note

Number: xvii 8
Place: Pekwan, 1 mi above Klamath Post office
Date: 1907
 

Corner of house; showing door, now in museum as specimen 1-11855 15-3831

Additional Note

Number: xvii 10
Place: Ayotl, 7 mi below Klamath Post Office
Date: 1907
 

Alice Frank (202), young woman, niece of 3790, in native costume, full length 15-3832

Additional Note

Number: xvii 11
Place: Rekwoi, at Requa Del Norte County
Date: 1907
 

Alice Frank (202) 15-3833

Additional Note

Number: xvii 12
Place: Requa, at Requa Del Norte County
Date: 1907
 

Alice Frank (202), full face 15-3834

Additional Note

Number: xviii 1
Place: Requa, at Requa Del Norte County
Date: 1907
 

Alice Frank (202), profile 15-3835

Additional Note

Number: xviii 2
Place: Requa, at Requa Del Norte County
Date: 1907
 

Two children of Alice Frank 15-3836

Additional Note

Number: xviii 3
Place: Requa, at Requa Del Norte County
Date: 1907
 

Robert Frank (194), brother of Alice Frank 15-3837

Additional Note

Number: xviii 4
Place: Requa, at Requa Del Norte County
Date: 1907
 

Robert Frank (194), profile 15-3838

Additional Note

Number: xviii 5
Place: Requa, at Requa Del Norte County
Date: 1907
 

Freshwater Lagoon, looking n.w. 15-3839

Additional Note

Number: xviii 6
Place: Between Orick and Trinidad
Date: 1907
 

Freshwater Lagoon, looking s.w. These two views piece together 15-3840

Additional Note

Number: xviii 7
Place: Between Orick and Trinidad
Date: 1907
 

Freshwater Lagoon, looking south These two views piece together 15-3841

Additional Note

Number: xviii 8
Place: Between Orick and Trinidad
Date: 1907
 

Looking southwest across Stone Lagoon, village site of Tsakhpekw in center 15-3842

Additional Note

Number: xviii 9
Place: Between Orick and Trinidad
Date: 1907
 

Oliver, Terkr's grandson 15-3851

Additional Note

Place: Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Two children of Fancin, part White 15-3852

Additional Note

Place: Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Two children of Fancin, part White 15-3853

Additional Note

Place: Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Lucky (180) of Merip 15-3854

Additional Note

Place: Kenek, Klamath River
Date: 1907
 

Lucky (180) of Merip 15-3855

Additional Note

Place: Kenek, Klamath River
Date: 1907
 

Dan (181), old man 15-3856

Additional Note

Place: Kenek, Klamath River
Date: 1907
 

Dan (181), profile 15-3857

Additional Note

Place: Kenek, Klamath River
Date: 1907
 

Carved boulder "Akhtemar hasi" 15-3858

Additional Note

Place: 1-2 mi below Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Carved boulder "Akhtemar hasi" 15-3859

Additional Note

Place: 1-2 mi below Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

Carved boulder "Akhtemar hasi" 15-3860

Additional Note

Place: 1-2 mi below Weitchpec
Date: 1907
 

View northward over bar in front of Stone Lagoon 15-3861

Additional Note

Place: Tsakhpek village site southwest end of Stone Lagoon
Date: 1907
 

View northward over bar in front of Stone Lagoon facing further east 15-3862

Additional Note

Place: Tsakhpek village site southwest end of Stone Lagoon
Date: 1907
 

Goat Rock, from north 15-3863

Additional Note

Place: Between Stone and Dry Lagoons
Date: 1907
 

Dry Lagoon, from south. Village site on light area to right (E) of barn Goat Rock is in background 15-3864

Additional Note

Place: Dry Lagoon
Date: 1907
 

Looking south from over Big Lagoon, Patrick's Point in background 15-3865

Additional Note

Place: Big Lagoon, Humboldt County
Date: 1907
 

Houses, Yurok village of Waxcek 15-6377

Additional Note

Place: Humboldt County
 

Fanny Flounder, last Yurok Doctor on porch of her house 15-?

Additional Note

Place: Requa
 

Hupa

 

Sacred house 15-1326

Additional Note

Number: 1
Place: Hostler Ranch
 

View from river 15-1327

Additional Note

Number: 2
Place: Hostler Ranch
 

Trinity River 15-1328

Additional Note

Number: 3
 

Trinity River 15-1329

Additional Note

Number: 4
 

Trinity River 15-1330

Additional Note

Number: 5
Place: Below Hupa Valley
 

Trinity River 15-1331

Additional Note

Number: 6
Place: Below Hupa Valley
 

Rachel Sherman (girl) (2) and Mrs. Nancy Sherman (her stepmother) (3) with baby in basket 15-3647

Additional Note

Number: i 1a+b
Date: 1907
 

Robinson Shoemaker (4), young man cf 3846, 15-3648

Additional Note

Number: i 2
Date: 1907
 

Chicken hawk (6) 15-3649

Additional Note

Number: i 3
 

Chicken hawk (6), old man, profile, 15-3650

Additional Note

Number: i 4
Date: 1907
 

Mrs. Freddie (8), elderly woman, 15-3651

Additional Note

Number: i 7
Date: 1907
 

Freddie (7), elderly man, 15-3652

Additional Note

Number: i 8
Date: 1907
 

Freddie (7) and his wife (8) 15-3653

Additional Note

Number: i 9
Date: 1907
 

Mrs. Freddie(8), and Mr. Freddie (7), elderly people, profile 15-3654

Additional Note

Number: i 10
Date: 1907
 

Dora (10) and Fanny (9), young and old woman 15-3655

Additional Note

Number: i 11
Date: 1907
 

Fanny (9), Dora (10), in reverse order, profile 15-3656

Additional Note

Number: i 12
Date: 1907
 

Jim Anderson (11), elderly man 15-3657

Additional Note

Number: ii 2
Date: 1907
 

Jim Anderson (11), elderly man, profile 15-3658

Additional Note

Number: ii 3
Date: 1907
 

Three boys: Wilson Pratt (12), Hopi Sam (reservation shoemaker), Frank Davis (13) 15-3659

Additional Note

Number: ii 4
Date: 1907
 

Three boys: Wilson Pratt (12), Hopi Sam (reservation shoemaker), Frank Davis (13) -in reverse order, profile 15-3660

Additional Note

Number: ii 5
Date: 1907
 

Two small boys: Charles Peter (15) and Amos Little (14) 15-3661

Additional Note

Number: ii 6
Date: 1907
 

Two small boys: Charles Peter (15) and Amos Little (14) 15-3662

Additional Note

Number: ii 7
Date: 1907
 

Group of 16 girls, including mixed bloods 15-3663

Additional Note

Number: ii 8
Date: 1907
 

4 school girls: Effie Davis (24), Inez Socktich (21), Sara Adams (19), Lulu Todi (22) 15-3664

Additional Note

Number: ii 9
Date: 1907
 

4 school girls: Effie Davis (24), Inez Socktich (21), Sara Adams (19), Lulu Todi (22), profile 15-3665

Additional Note

Number: ii 10
Date: 1907
 

3 school girls: Helen Young (51), Lily McKeever (85), Lillian Jackson 15-3666

Additional Note

Number: ii 11
Date: 1907
 

3 school girls: Helen Young (51), Lily McKeever (85), Lillian Jackson profile 15-3667

Additional Note

Number: ii 12
Date: 1907
 

6 small school boys: Raymond Johnny, Anton Stansen, Chester Davis (46), Earl Hostler (118), Bob Oscar (123), Amos Little (14) 15-3668

Additional Note

Number: iii 1
Date: 1907
 

6 small school boys: Raymond Johnny, Anton Stansen, Chester Davis (46), Earl Hostler (118), Bob Oscar (123), Amos Little (14), profile 15-3669

Additional Note

Number: iii 2
Date: 1907
 

3 school boys: Freddie Ashton (49), Luther Tom (57), Philip Lack (27) 15-3670

Additional Note

Number: iii 3
Date: 1907
 

3 school boys: Freddie Ashton (49), Luther Tom (57), Philip Lack (27) profile 15-3671

Additional Note

Number: iii 4
Date: 1907
 

Three school boys: Frank Socktich (63), Luce Bosky, Dennis Slegoch 15-3672

Additional Note

Number: iii 5
Date: 1907
 

Three school boys: Frank Socktich (63), Luce Bosky, Dennis Slegoch, profile 15-3673

Additional Note

Number: iii 6
Date: 1907
 

Three school boys, 1/4-3/4 White: Henry Penny (125), Gorham Hickox (111), Fitzsimmons Orfield 15-3674

Additional Note

Number: iii 7
Date: 1907
 

5 small school boys: Francis Colegrove, Fred Rickey (117), Henry Cooper (110), Charlie Hayden (116), George Randall (95) 15-3675

Additional Note

Number: iii 8
Date: 1907
 

4 mixed blood school boys: Orville Allen (121), Robert Blodgett (73), Theodore Bob (64), Ernest Marshall 15-3676

Additional Note

Number: iii 9
Date: 1907
 

Amos Little (14), full and profile, also in 3660, 3661, 3668, 3669 15-3677

Additional Note

Number: iii 10a+b
Date: 1907
 

Martin Gardner, full and profile 15-3678

Additional Note

Number: iii 11a+b
Date: 1907
 

Laffayette Davis, full and profile 15-3679

Additional Note

Number: iii 12a+b
Date: 1907
 

4 school girls: Florence Safford (89), Sara Bennett (88), Ollis Orcutt, Sophie Campbell (50) 15-3680

Additional Note

Number: iv 1
Date: 1907
 

Sophie Campbell (50) 15-3681

Additional Note

Number: iv 2
Date: 1907
 

4 school girls: Lida Caesar (133), Lulu Todi (22), Sara Adams (19), Florence Pratt (84) 15-3682

Additional Note

Number: iv 3
Date: 1907
 

Lida Caesar (133) 15-3683

Additional Note

Number: iv 4
Date: 1907
 

Lida Caesar (133), profile 15-3684

Additional Note

Number: iv 5
Date: 1907
 

Two school girls: Lulu Todi (22), Sara Adams (19), profile 15-3685

Additional Note

Number: iv 6
Date: 1907
 

4 school boys: Jette Albers (120), Jim Marshall (28), Sherman Young (108), William Hodge (76) 15-3686

Additional Note

Number: iv 7
Date: 1907
 

4 school boys: Philip Lack (27), Hiram Lack (\?) (78), Robert Blodgett (73), Freddie Ashton (49) 15-3687

Additional Note

Number: iv 8
Date: 1907
 

Freddie Ashton (49) 15-3688

Additional Note

Number: iv 9
Date: 1907
 

Freddie Ashton (49), profile 15-3689

Additional Note

Number: iv 10
Date: 1907
 

School boy, Albert Richard (70), full and profile 15-3690

Additional Note

Number: iv 11a+b
Date: 1907
 

School boy, Francis Davis, full and profile 15-3691

Additional Note

Number: iv 12a+b
Date: 1907
 

Arthur Saxon, Hupa policeman ( 91), full length 15-3692

Additional Note

Number: v 1
Date: 1907
 

Arthur Saxon, Hupa policeman (91), profile 15-3693

Additional Note

Number: v 2
Date: 1907
 

Arthur Saxon, Hupa policeman (91), full face 15-3694

Additional Note

Number: v 3
Date: 1907
 

4 school girls: Helen Young (51), Cepha Allen, Flora Maple (138), Caroline Eve 15-3695

Additional Note

Number: v 4
Date: 1907
 

Helen Young (51) see also 3666, 2695 full face and profile 15-3696

Additional Note

Number: v 5a+b
Date: 1907
 

3 school girls: Violet Davis (82), Inez Socktich (21), Martha Socktich (135) 15-3697

Additional Note

Number: v 6
Date: 1907
 

3 school girls: Violet Davis (82), Inez Socktich (21), Martha Socktich (135) profile 15-3698

Additional Note

Number: v 7
Date: 1907
 

2 mixed-blood school girls: Georgie Billy (60) on right 15-3699

Additional Note

Number: v 8
Date: 1907
 

3 school girls: Lottie James (26), Emily Henry (61), Susie Jerry (67) double exposed 15-3700

Additional Note

Number: v 9
Date: 1907
 

3 school girls: Lottie James (26), Emily Henry (61), Susie Jerry (67) 15-3701

Additional Note

Number: v 10
Date: 1907
 

3 school girls: Lottie James (26), Emily Henry (61), Susie Jerry (67), in reverse order profile 15-3702

Additional Note

Number: v 11
Date: 1907
 

Group of Indian school girls 15-3703

Additional Note

Number: v 12
Date: 1907
 

School girl, Bessie Johnny (25), full and profile 15-3704

Additional Note

Number: vi 1a+b
Date: 1907
 

School girl, Elsie Smoker (33), full and profile 15-3705

Additional Note

Number: vi 2a+b
Date: 1907
 

School girl Lizzie John (65), full and profile 15-3706

Additional Note

Number: vi 3a+b
Date: 1907
 

2 boys, William Smoker (80) and Henry Campbell (74) 15-3707

Additional Note

Number: vi 4
Date: 1907
 

Lehman Campbell (92), full and profile 15-3708

Additional Note

Number: vi 5a+b
Date: 1907
 

2 school girls, Ethel Campbell (37) and Nancy Lack (39) 15-3709

Additional Note

Number: vi 6
Date: 1907
 

2 school girls, Ethel Campbell (37) and Nancy Lack (39), profile 15-3710

Additional Note

Number: vi 7
Date: 1907
 

Gladys Matilton (93) 15-3711

Additional Note

Number: vi 8
Date: 1907
 

Gladys Matilton (93), profile 15-3712

Additional Note

Number: vi 9
Date: 1907
 

Spencer (96) 15-3713

Additional Note

Number: vi 11
Date: 1907
 

Angelina Stevens (98), small girl, profile 15-3714

Additional Note

Number: vi 12
Date: 1907
 

Bob Senalton (99), man 15-3715

Additional Note

Number: vii 1
Date: 1907
 

Bob Senalton (99), man, profile 15-3716

Additional Note

Number: vii 2
Date: 1907
 

Ellen Davis (100), woman 15-3717

Additional Note

Number: vii 3
Date: 1907
 

Ellen Davis (100),woman, profile 15-3718

Additional Note

Number: vii 4
Date: 1907
 

Part of old house (Sanixon's) at Hostler village. The carved door slab is museum specimen 1-11653 15-3719

Additional Note

Number: vii 5
Date: 1907
 

Baldy (101), old man 15-3720

Additional Note

Number: vii 6
Date: 1907
 

Baldy (101), old man, profile 15-3721

Additional Note

Number: vii 7
Date: 1907
 

Jeff Baldy (103), young man 15-3722

Additional Note

Number: vii 8
Date: 1907
 

Jeff Baldy (103), young man, profile 15-3723

Additional Note

Number: vii 9
Date: 1907
 

Finlay Smith (104) 15-3724

Additional Note

Number: vii 10
Date: 1907
 

Lucinda Jack (105) and her mother Nellie Woodward (106) 15-3725

Additional Note

Number: vii 11
Date: 1907
 

Lucinda Jack (105) and her mother Nellie Woodward (106), profile 15-3726

Additional Note

Number: vii 12
Date: 1907
 

3 school girls: Ella Adams (131), Caroline Hickox (68), Ollie Frank (132) 15-3727

Additional Note

Number: viii 1
Date: 1907
 

3 school girls: Ella Adams (131), Caroline Hickox (68), Ollie Frank (132) profile 15-3728

Additional Note

Number: viii 2
Date: 1907
 

3 school girls: Bertha Smith (23), Dora Sanderson (52), Delia Matilden (41) 15-3729

Additional Note

Number: viii 3
Date: 1907
 

3 school girls: Bertha Smith (23), Dora Sanderson (52), Delia Matilden (41) profile 15-3730

Additional Note

Number: viii 4
Date: 1907
 

3 school girls: Liza Lowery (38), Aggie Donney (136), Lillian Larry (139) 15-3731

Additional Note

Number: viii 5
Date: 1907
 

3 school girls: Liza Lowery (38), Aggie Donney (136), Lillian Larry (139) profile 15-3732

Additional Note

Number: viii 6
Date: 1907
 

3 school girls: Dora Todi (20), Marie Socktich (40), Ella Smith 15-3733

Additional Note

Number: viii 7
Date: 1907
 

3 school girls: Dora Todi (20), Marie Socktich (40), Ella Smith, profile 15-3734

Additional Note

Number: viii 8
Date: 1907
 

Miss McLain, Indian service teacher 15-3735

Additional Note

Number: viii 9
Date: 1907
 

3 school girls: Josie Simpson (47), Lillian (or Lily) McKeever (85), Marion Hostler (36) 15-3736

Additional Note

Number: viii 10
Date: 1907
 

3 school girls: Josie Simpson (47), Lillian McKeever (85), Marion Hostler (36), profile 15-3737

Additional Note

Number: viii 11
Date: 1907
 

Mr. Frank Kyselka, agent 15-3738

Additional Note

Number: viii 12
Date: 1907
 

2 school girls: Josie Orcutt (137), Clarissa Dowd 15-3739

Additional Note

Number: ix 1
Date: 1907
 

2 school boys: Charles Peterson, McKinley Slegash 15-3740

Additional Note

Number: ix 2
Date: 1907
 

2 school boys: Charles Peterson, McKinley Slegash, profile 15-3741

Additional Note

Number: ix 3
Date: 1907
 

2 school boys Herbert Shepard (45), Harvey Socktich 15-3742

Additional Note

Number: ix 4
Date: 1907
 

2 school boys Herbert Shepard (45), Harvey Socktich, profile 15-3743

Additional Note

Number: ix 5
Date: 1907
 

2 school boys: Eddie Hayden (128), Lee Smoker (29), profile 15-3744

Additional Note

Number: ix 6
Date: 1907
 

Double exposure of last subjects, full face, and next 15-3745

Additional Note

Number: ix 7
Date: 1907
 

Anderson Meskit and Eddie Marshall 15-3746

Additional Note

Number: ix 8
Date: 1907
 

2 school girls: Stella Brown (86) and Lily McKeever (85) 15-3750

Additional Note

Number: ix 12
Date: 1907
 

2 half breed brothers Sam (1) and Oscar Brown (142) 15-3751

Additional Note

Number: x 1
Date: 1907
 

Elderly woman (Emma Lewis ?) (58) 15-3752

Additional Note

Number: x 2
Date: 1907
 

Elderly woman (Emma Lewis?) (58) 15-3753

Additional Note

Number: x 3
Date: 1907
 

Young woman, Lucy Quimby (144), profile 15-3754

Additional Note

Number: x 5
Date: 1907
 

Two exposures-superimposed of old woman Becky (145), full and profile see 15-3757 15-3755

Additional Note

Number: x 7
Date: 1907
 

Dr. Anderson, agency physician 15-3756

Additional Note

Number: x 8
Date: 1907
 

Becky (145), old woman, profile, see 15-3755 15-3757

Additional Note

Number: x 9
Date: 1907
 

Tom Hill (147), old man 15-3758

Additional Note

Number: x 10
Date: 1907
 

Tom Hill (147), profile 15-3759

Additional Note

Number: x 11
Date: 1907
 

Molly Socktich (148?), woman, full and profile 15-3760

Additional Note

Number: x 12a+b
Date: 1907
 

Blanche Brown (148?) and Sylvester Brown 15-3761

Additional Note

Number: xi 1
Date: 1907
 

Mrs. Annie Hayden (151) and child, profile 15-3762

Additional Note

Number: xi 2
Date: 1907
 

Mrs. Annie Hayden (151), full face 15-3763

Additional Note

Number: xi 3
Date: 1907
 

Jake Hostler (154) and two children 15-3764

Additional Note

Number: xi 4
Date: 1907
 

Dr. Tom (156), old Chimariko Indian profile 15-3765

Additional Note

Number: xi 6
Date: 1907
 

Dr. Tom (156), full face 15-3766

Additional Note

Number: xi 7
Date: 1907
 

Mrs. Dr. Tom (157) 15-3767

Additional Note

Number: xi 8
Date: 1907
 

Mrs. Dr. Tom (157), profile 15-3768

Additional Note

Number: xi 9
Date: 1907
 

Hupa 15-3843

 

Hupa 15-3844

 

Hupa 15-3845

 

Hupa 15-3846

 

Hupa 15-3847

 

Hupa 15-3848

 

Hupa 15-3849

 

Hupa 15-3850

 

Karok

 

Little hill stood on at New Years by medicine man; also tree under which dance is made 15-1366

Additional Note

Number: 73
Place: Katimin
 

Little hill stood on at New Years by medicine man; also tree under which dance is made. Different view. Ishibishi in background 15-1367

Additional Note

Number: 74
Place: Katimin
 

Rocks on east side of river 15-1368

Additional Note

Number: 75
Place: Katimin
 

Sand bar just above ranch and ferry where acorns are cooked for New Years 15-1369

Additional Note

Number: 76
Place: Katimin
 

View of Katimin from Ishibishi 15-1370

Additional Note

Number: 77
 

View of Katimin from Ishibishi from further upstream 15-1371

Additional Note

Number: 78
 

Anite Mt. from above Ishibishi 15-1372

Additional Note

Number: 79
 

Katimin seen from above Ishibishi 15-1373

Additional Note

Number: 80
 

Ishibishi children-Karok boys 15-1374

Additional Note

Number: 81
 

Ishibishi children-Karok girl 15-1375

Additional Note

Number: 82
 

Place of deerskin dance 15-1376

Additional Note

Number: 83
Place: Part of Katimin
 

Near boat crossing; place of war dance 15-1377

Additional Note

Number: 84
Place: Katimin
 

Sacred sweat house 15-1378

Additional Note

Number: 85
Place: Katimin
 

Sacred sweat house 15-1379

Additional Note

Number: 86
Place: Katimin
 

Sacred sweat house 15-1380

Additional Note

Number: 87
Place: Katimin
 

Sacred house 15-1381

Additional Note

Number: 88
Place: Katimin
 

Rockpile left by Ikxareya 15-1382

Additional Note

Number: 89
Place: near Katimin in gully at foot of Anite
 

Man fishing from platform 15-1383

Additional Note

Number: 90
Place: Shanamkarak, looking toward Amaikyara
 

Fishing, dip net 15-1384

Additional Note

Number: 91
Place: Shanamkarak
 

Fishing place and net 15-1385

Additional Note

Number: 92
Place: Shanamkarak
 

Fishing at foot of rapids 15-1386

Additional Note

Number: 93
Place: Shanamkarak
 

Amaikyara from rocky point projecting over river 15-1387

Additional Note

Number: 94
Place: Shanamkarak
 

Rapids 15-1388

Additional Note

Number: 95
Place: Shanamkarak
 

Karok man and girl 15-1389

Additional Note

Number: 96
Place: Shanamkarak
 

Salmon River 15-1390

Additional Note

Number: 97
Place: Shanamkarak
 

Looking up Salmon River 15-1391

Additional Note

Number: 98
Place: Shanamkarak
 

House 15-1392

Additional Note

Number: 99
Place: Shanamkarak
 

Karok man 15-1393

Additional Note

Number: 100
Place: Shanamkarak
 

Karok man 15-1394

Additional Note

Number: 101
Place: Shanamkarak
 

Salmon River, point where wind lives 15-1395

Additional Note

Number: 102
Place: Shanamkarak
 

Anite mountain seen from downstream 15-1396

Additional Note

Number: 103
Place: Near Katimin
 

Rapids and rocks on Amaikyara side 15-1397

Additional Note

Number: 104
Place: Shanamkarak
 

Rapids 15-1398

Additional Note

Number: 105
Place: Shanamkarak
 

New Years "alter" with rapids in background 15-1399

Additional Note

Number: 106
Place: Shanamkarak
 

New Years "altar" 15-1400

Additional Note

Number: 108
Place: Shanamkarak
 

Anite Mountain 15-1401

Additional Note

Number: 109
Place: From just above Katimin
 

Klamath River around foot of Anite 15-1402

Additional Note

Number: 110
Place: From Katimin (Somes? Bar)
 

Wintun

 

Tom Odock 15-5065

Additional Note

Place: Colusa
Date: 1909
 

Tom Odock 15-5066

Additional Note

Place: Colusa
Date: 1909
 

Tom Odock, Henry Johnson, Sam Garfield, and Tom Johnson. Wintun, Pomo, Yokuts, Pomo 15-5084

Additional Note

Date: 8/09
 

Yahi

 

Ishi, profile 15-5401

Additional Note

Place: Southern Yana
Date: 9/11
 

Ishi, full face 15-5402

Additional Note

Place: Southern Yana
Date: 9/11
 

Ishi, full face 15-5403

Additional Note

Place: Southern Yana
Date: 9/11
 

Ishi crouching 15-5404

Additional Note

Place: Southern Yana
Date: 9/11
 

Ishi and Sam Batwee 15-5405

Additional Note

Place: Southern and Northern Yana
Date: 9/11
 

Ishi and Sam Batwee 15-5406

Additional Note

Place: Southern and Northern Yana
Date: 9/11
 

Ishi, profile 15-5410

Additional Note

Place: Southern Yana
Date: 9/11
 

Ishi, profile 15-5411

Additional Note

Place: Southern Yana
Date: 9/11
 

Ishi, full face 15-5412

Additional Note

Place: Southern Yana
Date: 9/11
 

Ishi making bow 15-5683

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi making bow 15-5684

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi making bow 15-5685

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi examining wood for arrow 15-5686

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi scything wood for arrow 15-5687

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi peeling wood for arrow 15-5688

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi scything wood for arrow 15-5689

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi breaking obsidian 15-5690

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi 15-5691

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi flaking arrow point 15-5692

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi flaking arrow point 15-5693

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi flaking arrow point 15-5694

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi flaking arrow point 15-5695

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi shooting, kneeling 15-5696

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi shooting, kneeling 15-5697

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi shooting, standing 15-5698

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi shooting, standing 15-5699

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi shooting, standing 15-5700

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi shooting bow; following release of arrow 15-5701 a, b

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi walking with bow 15-5702

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi calling rabbit, with hand to mouth, arrow on string 15-5703

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Deer with arrow in it 15-5704

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi pulling arrow from deer 15-5705

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi pulling arrow from deer 15-5706

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi skinning deer 15-5707

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi skinning deer 15-5708

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi skinning deer 15-5709a, b

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi skinning deer 15-5710

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi skinning deer 15-5711

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi skinning deer 15-5712

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi skinning deer 15-5713

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi skinning deer 15-5714

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi cutting sinews from back of deer 15-5715

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi cutting sinews from back of deer 15-5716

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi cutting sinews from back of deer 15-5717

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi skinning head of deer 15-5718

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi skinning head of deer 15-5719

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi skinning head of deer 15-5720

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi skinning head of deer 15-5721

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi skinning head of deer 15-5722

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi skinning head of deer 15-5723

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi with skin removed from deer 15-5724

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi preparing skin of head of deer 15-5725

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi binding points on salmon harpoon 15-5726

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi binding points on salmon harpoon 15-5727

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi binding points on salmon harpoon 15-5728

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi binding points on salmon harpoon 15-5729

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi binding points on salmon harpoon 15-5730

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi with harpoon at river 15-5731

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi entering river with harpoon 15-5732

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi crossing river with harpoon 15-5733

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi emerging from river with harpoon 15-5734

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi emerging from river with harpoon 15-5735

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi emerging from river with harpoon 15-5736

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi emerging from river with harpoon 15-5737

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi ready to spear with harpoon 15-5738

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi ready to spear with harpoon 15-5739

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi ready to spear with harpoon 15-5740

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi ready to spear with harpoon 15-5741

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi ready to spear with harpoon 15-5742

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi ready to spear with harpoon 15-5743

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi ready to spear with harpoon 15-5744

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi ready to spear with harpoon 15-5745

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi swimming 15-5746

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi swimming 15-5747

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi swimming 15-5748

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi swimming 15-5749

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi swimming 15-5750

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi standing on rock in river 15-5751

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi standing on rock in river 15-5752

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi throwing a stone across river 15-5753

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi throwing a stone across river 15-5754

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi drying a new fire drill over fire 15-5755

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi drying a new fire drill over fire 15-5756

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi drying a new fire drill over fire 15-5757

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi bending fire drill with his hands 15-5758

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi bending fire drill with his feet 15-5759

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi bending fire drill with his teeth 15-5760

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi sighting fire drill while straightening 15-5761

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi sighting fire drill while straightening 15-5762

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi drilling fire 15-5763

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi drilling fire 15-5764

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi nursing spark in tinder 15-5765

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi blowing tinder into flame 15-5766

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi, full face 15-5767

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi, full face 15-5768

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi full face 15-5769

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi 3/4 view 15-5770

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi profile 15-5771

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

View upstream across mouth of Sulphur Creek 15-5772

Additional Note

Place: Tehama
Date: 1914
 

First (left hand) section of panoramic view to NW from campsite downstream from mouth of Sulphur Creek 15-5773

Additional Note

Place: Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Second section of panoramic view to NW from campsite downstream from mouth of Sulphur Creek 15-5774

Additional Note

Place: Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Third section of panoramic view to NW from campsite downstream from mouth of Sulphur Creek 15-5775

Additional Note

Place: Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Right hand section of panoramic view to NW from campsite downstream from mouth of Sulphur Creek 15-5776,a

Additional Note

Place: Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Inhabited cave on Sulphur Creek 15-5777

Additional Note

Place: Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Inhabited cave on Sulphur Creek 15-5778

Additional Note

Place: Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi using harpoon 15-5779

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

View 15-5780

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi and group 15-5781

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi and group 15-5782

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Ishi and group 15-5783

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Section of panoramic view taken looking NE and S from near Moak trail in vicinity of head of Little Dry Creek, upstream from Dillon's Cove 15-5784, e

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Section of panoramic view taken looking NE and S from near Moak trail in vicinity of head of Little Dry Creek, upstream from Dillon's Cove 15-5785

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Section of panoramic view taken looking NE and S from near Moak trail in vicinity of head of Little Dry Creek, upstream from Dillon's Cove 15-5786

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Section of panoramic view taken looking NE and S from near Moak trail in vicinity of head of Little Dry Creek, upstream from Dillon's Cove 15-5787

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Section of panoramic view taken looking NE and S from near Moak trail in vicinity of head of Little Dry Creek, upstream from Dillon's Cove 15-5788

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Section of panoramic view taken looking NE and S from near Moak trail in vicinity of head of Little Dry Creek, upstream from Dillon's Cove 15-5789

Additional Note

Place: Deer Creek, Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Cave on south side of Mill Creek between center ford and Bunhalls's ford 15-5790

Additional Note

Place: Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Cave on south side of Mill Creek between center ford and Bunhalls's ford 15-5791

Additional Note

Place: Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Section of panoramic view towards the S and W taken from bluff on ridge between north fork of Little Mill Creek and Mill Creek 15-5792

Additional Note

Place: Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Section of panoramic view towards the S and W taken from bluff on ridge between north fork of Little Mill Creek and Mill Creek 15-5793

Additional Note

Place: Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Section of panoramic view towards the S and W taken from bluff on ridge between north fork of Little Mill Creek and Mill Creek 15-5794

Additional Note

Place: Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Section of panoramic view towards the S and W taken from bluff on ridge between north fork of Little Mill Creek and Mill Creek 15-5795

Additional Note

Place: Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Section of panoramic view towards the S and W taken from bluff on ridge between north fork of Little Mill Creek and Mill Creek 15-5796

Additional Note

Place: Tehama
Date: 1914
 

Death mask of Ishi 15-6404

Additional Note

Date: 1920
 

Southeast Pomo

 

Lower Lake Pomo model house front. Put up at a Lake resort by a Little Lake Pomo 15-8265

Additional Note

Date: 8/27
 

Lower Lake Pomo model house interior. Put up at a Lake resort by a Little Lake Pomo 15-8266

Additional Note

Date: 8/27
 

Lower Lake Pomo model house interior. Put up at a Lake resort by a Little Lake Pomo 15-8267

Additional Note

Date: 8/27
 

Round Valley Reservation

 

Round Valley 15-1360

Additional Note

Number: 39
 

S. of Round Valley 15-1361

Additional Note

Number: 40
 

S. of Round Valley 15-1362

Additional Note

Number: 43
 

S. of Round Valley 15-1363

Additional Note

Number: 44
 

Looking south from Sanhedrin Divide toward Round Valley 15-1364

Additional Note

Number: 45
 

Looking south from Sanhedrin Divide toward Round Valley 15-1365

Additional Note

Number: 46
 

Yokuts

 

Illustrating position of man sitting temporarily 15-1468

Additional Note

Number: 181
Date: 1903
 

Illustrating position of man sitting temporarily 15-1469

Additional Note

Number: 183
Date: 1903
 

Illustrating position of man sitting temporarily 15-1470

Additional Note

Number: 184
Date: 1903
 

Illustrating position of man gambling 15-1471

Additional Note

Number: 185
Date: 1903
 

Illustrating position of man? 15-1472

Additional Note

Number: 186
Date: 1903
 

Illustrating position of woman sitting 15-1473

Additional Note

Number: 187
Date: 1903
 

Illustrating position of woman sitting temporarily 15-1474

Additional Note

Number: 188
Date: 1903
 

Illustrating position of woman pounding 15-1475

Additional Note

Number: 189
Date: 1903
 

Illustrating position of woman pounding 15-1476

Additional Note

Number: 190
Date: 1903
 

Illustrating mode of wearing head-dress 15-1477

Additional Note

Number: 191
Date: 1903
 

Illustrating mode of wearing head-dress 15-1478

Additional Note

Number: 192
Date: 1903
 

Pigeon snare ambush 15-2490

Additional Note

Place: Tule River Reservation
Date: 12/03
 

Pigeon snare ambush 15-2491

Additional Note

Place: Tule River Reservation
Date: 12/03
 

Pigeon snare ambush 15-2492

Additional Note

Place: Tule River Reservation
Date: 12/03
 

Pigeon snare ambush 15-2493

Additional Note

Place: Tule River Reservation
Date: 12/03
 

Pigeon snare ambush 15-2494

Additional Note

Place: Tule River Reservation
Date: 12/03
 

Pigeon snare ambush 15-2495

Additional Note

Place: Tule River Reservation
Date: 12/03
 

Pigeon snare ambush 15-2496

Additional Note

Place: Tule River Reservation
Date: 12/03
 

Pigeon snare ambush 15-2497

Additional Note

Place: Tule River Reservation
Date: 12/03
 

Pigeon snare ambush 15-2498

Additional Note

Place: Tule River Reservation
Date: 12/03
 

Luiseno

 

Feliz Calac 15-5068

Additional Note

Place: Rincon, Valley Center
Date: 10/09
 

Luiseno basket 1-20909 15-6397

Additional Note

Date: 1920
 

Luiseno basket 1-20910 15-6398

Additional Note

Date: 1920
 

Feliz Calac 15-5067

Additional Note

Place: Rincon, Valley Center
Date: 10/09
 

Cahuilla

 

Antonio Martinez, full blood 15-4171

Additional Note

Place: near Indio
Date: 1907
 

William Levy and brother, full blood young men 15-4172

Additional Note

Place: near Indio
Date: 1907
 

Railroad hotel 15-4173

Additional Note

Place: Indio
Date: 1907
 

Cahuilla house 15-4174

Additional Note

Place: near Indio
Date: 1907
 

House, looking inside through brush 15-4175

Additional Note

Place: near Indio
Date: 1907
 

House 15-4176

Additional Note

Place: near Indio
Date: 1907
 

Stable 15-4177

Additional Note

Place: near Indio
Date: 1907
 

House 15-4178

Additional Note

Place: near Indio
Date: 1907
 

Unfinished house 15-4179

Additional Note

Place: near Indio
Date: 1907
 

Unfinished house 15-4180

Additional Note

Place: near Indio
Date: 1907
 

Another view of unfinished house 15-4181

Additional Note

Place: near Indio
Date: 1907
 

Storage basket for mesquite 15-4182

Additional Note

Place: near Indio
Date: 1907
 

Storage basket for mesquite 15-4183

Additional Note

Place: near Indio
Date: 1907
 

Storage basket for mesquite 15-4184

Additional Note

Place: near Indio
Date: 1907
 

Storage basket for mesquite 15-4185

Additional Note

Place: near Indio
Date: 1907
 

Colorado desert and San Jacinto mountains 15-4186

Additional Note

Place: near Indio
Date: 1907
 

Colorado desert under cultivation 15-4187

Additional Note

Place: near Indio
Date: 1907
 

Colorado desert under cultivation 15-4188

Additional Note

Place: near Indio
Date: 1907
 

Interior of sweat house 15-4189

Additional Note

Place: Morongo Reservation near Banning
Date: 1907
 

Interior of sweat house 15-4190

Additional Note

Place: Morongo Reservationnear Banning
Date: 1907
 

Interior of sweat house 15-4191

Additional Note

Place: Morongo Reservation near Banning
Date: 1907
 

Interior of sweat house 15-4192

Additional Note

Place: Morongo Reservation near Banning
Date: 1907
 

Mortar of stone and basketry 15-4193

Additional Note

Place: Morongo Reservation near Banning
Date: 1907
 

Morongo reservation and Mt. San Gorgonio 15-4194

Additional Note

Place: near Banning
Date: 1907
 

The Colorado desert 15-4195

Additional Note

Place: near Indio
Date: 1907
 

Storage basket for mesquite 15-4196

Additional Note

Place: near Indio
Date: 1907
 

The Colorado desert 15-4197

Additional Note

Place: near Indio
Date: 1907
 

Storage basket for mesquite 15-4198

Additional Note

Place: near Indio
Date: 1907
 

Under a brush shade in front of house 15-4199

Additional Note

Place: near Indio
Date: 1907
 

Under a brush shade in front of house 15-4200

Additional Note

Place: near Indio
Date: 1907
 

Basket 1-11047 15-6399

Additional Note

Date: 1920
 

Basket 1-14396 15-6400

Additional Note

Date: 1920
 

Basket 1-14401 15-6401

Additional Note

Date: 1920
 

Basket 1-11058 15-6402

Additional Note

Date: 1920
 

Basket 1-14438 15-6403

Additional Note

Date: 1920
 

Mohave

 

Unfinished bead collar 15-4309

Additional Note

Place: near Needles
Date: 1908
 

Jack Jones, full figure 15-4310

Additional Note

Place: near Needles
Date: 1908
 

Jack Jones, head only 15-4311

Additional Note

Place: near Needles
Date: 1908
 

Bluebird, full figure 15-4312

Additional Note

Place: near Needles
Date: 1908
 

Bluebird, head only 15-4313

Additional Note

Place: near Needles
Date: 1908
 

Bluebird, head only 15-4314

Additional Note

Place: near Needles
Date: 1908
 

Leslie Wilbur, full face, cf 4331 15-4315

Additional Note

Place: near Needles
Date: 1908
 

Leslie Wilbur, profile 15-4316

Additional Note

Place: near Needles
Date: 1908
 

Paul, full face 15-4317

Additional Note

Place: near Needles
Date: 1908
 

Paul, profile 15-4318

Additional Note

Place: near Needles
Date: 1908
 

Mohave Indian, full face 15-4319

Additional Note

Place: near Needles
Date: 1908
 

Profile of 15-4319 15-4320

Additional Note

Place: near Needles
Date: 1908
 

Lame Jim, full face 15-4321

Additional Note

Place: near Needles
Date: 1908
 

Minnie Moos, full face 15-4322

Additional Note

Place: near Needles
Date: 1908
 

Minnie Moos, profile 15-4323

Additional Note

Place: near Needles
Date: 1908
 

Mohave woman 15-4324

Additional Note

Place: near Needles
Date: 1908
 

Mohave woman, full figure 15-4325

Additional Note

Place: near Needles
Date: 1908
 

Mohave woman, head only, 15-4326

Additional Note

Place: near Needles same as 15-4324, 4325
Date: 1908
 

Little Mohave girl 15-4327

Additional Note

Place: near Needles
Date: 1908
 

Two Mohave boys 15-4328

Additional Note

Place: near Needles
Date: 1908
 

Boys in 15-4328, profile 15-4329

Additional Note

Place: near Needles
Date: 1908
 

Ashpam, old man, 1/2 Mohave, 1/2 Chemehuevi, profile 15-4330

Additional Note

Place: near Needles
Date: 1908
 

Ashpam of 15-4330, full face and Leslie Wilbur of 15-4315 15-4331

Additional Note

Place: near Needles
Date: 1908
 

Daughter of Ashpam and a Chemehuevi woman, with two of her children 15-4332

Additional Note

Place: near Needles
Date: 1908
 

Charley, elderly Mohave Indian 15-4333

Additional Note

Place: near Needles
Date: 1908
 

Charley, full length 15-4334

Additional Note

Place: near Needles
Date: 1908
 

Little Mohave girl 15-4335

Additional Note

Place: near Needles
Date: 1908
 

Little Mohave girl 15-4336

Additional Note

Place: near Needles
Date: 1908
 

Interior of Old Mohave house, seen from corner near door 15-4337

Additional Note

Place: near Needles
Date: 1908
 

Interior of Mohave house Another view 15-4338

Additional Note

Place: near Needles
Date: 1908
 

Interior of house seen from doorway 15-4339

Additional Note

Place: near Needles
Date: 1908
 

Interior of house, seen from one of the corners opposite the door 15-4340

Additional Note

Place: near Needles
Date: 1908
 

Metate, showing single foot 15-4341

Additional Note

Place: near Needles
Date: 1908
 

Large water jar showing ornamentation 15-4342

Additional Note

Place: near Needles
Date: 1908
 

Seri

 

Man 15-8726

Additional Note

Place: Tiburon Island, opposite Punta San Miguel
Date: 3/30
 

Man 15-8727

Additional Note

Place: Tiburon Island, opposite Punta San Miguel
Date: 3/30
 

Man closeup 15-8728

Additional Note

Place: Tiburon Island, opposite Punta San Miguel
Date: 3/30
 

Man closeup 15-8729

Additional Note

Place: Tiburon Island, opposite Punta San Miguel
Date: 3/30
 

Man 15-8730

Additional Note

Place: Tiburon Island, opposite Punta San Miguel
Date: 3/30
 

Man 15-8731

Additional Note

Place: Tiburon Island, opposite Punta San Miguel
Date: 3/30
 

Woman and child 15-8732

Additional Note

Place: Tiburon Island, opposite Punta San Miguel
Date: 3/30
 

Two women 15-8733

Additional Note

Place: Tiburon Island, opposite Punta San Miguel
Date: 3/30
 

Two women 15-8734

Additional Note

Place: Tiburon Island, opposite Punta San Miguel
Date: 3/30
 

Man, woman and five children 15-8735

Additional Note

Place: Tiburon Island, opposite Punta San Miguel
Date: 3/30
 

Two children 15-8736

Additional Note

Place: Tiburon Island, opposite Punta San Miguel
Date: 3/30
 

Woman and child 15-8737

Additional Note

Place: Tiburon Island, opposite Punta San Miguel
Date: 3/30
 

Woman with hat in hand 15-8738

Additional Note

Place: Mainland, Punta San Miguel
 

Man (hat in one hand, pot in other) 15-8739

Additional Note

Place: Mainland, Punta San Miguel
 

Two men (one holding hat, one holding deer head and hat) 15-8740

Additional Note

Place: Mainland, Punta San Miguel
 

Woman with pole, woman with pole and hat, boy with deer horns on head 15-8741

Additional Note

Place: Mainland, Punta San Miguel
 

Group of people with truck in background 15-8742

Additional Note

Place: Mainland, Punta San Miguel
 

Group of people with truck in background 15-8743

Additional Note

Place: Mainland, Punta San Miguel