Inventory of the James Thomas Fields Papers, 1767-1914 (bulk 1850-1914)

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Manuscripts Department
The Huntington Library
1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108
Phone: (626) 405-2203
Fax: (626) 449-5720
Email: lgarcia@huntington.org
URL: http://www.huntington.org/huntingtonlibrary.aspx?id=554
© 2000
The Huntington Library. All rights reserved.

Inventory of the James Thomas Fields Papers, 1767-1914 (bulk 1850-1914)

The Huntington Library



San Marino, California

Contact Information

  • Manuscripts Department
  • The Huntington Library
  • 1151 Oxford Road
  • San Marino, California 91108
  • Phone: (626) 405-2203
  • Fax: (626) 449-5720
  • Email: lgarcia@huntington.org
  • URL: http://www.huntington.org/huntingtonlibrary.aspx?id=554
Processed by:
Huntington Library staff
Date Completed:
1983 (revised)
© 2000 The Huntington Library. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: James Thomas Fields Papers,
Date (inclusive): 1767-1914
Date (bulk): (bulk 1850-1914)
Creator: Fields, James Thomas
Extent: 5,438 pieces
Repository: The Huntington Library
San Marino, California 91108
Language: English.

Administrative Information

Provenance

Acquired from Rosenbach in 1922. FI 5097-5438 and FAC 1015 acquired from Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin Bole in 1978.

Access

Collection is open to qualified researchers by prior application through the Reader Services Department. For more information please go to following URL .

Publication Rights

In order to quote from, publish, or reproduce any of the manuscripts or visual materials, researchers must obtain formal permission from the office of the Library Director. In most instances, permission is given by the Huntington as owner of the physical property rights only, and researchers must also obtain permission from the holder of the literary rights. In some instances, the Huntington owns the literary rights, as well as the physical property rights. Researchers may contact the appropriate curator for further information.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], James Thomas Fields Papers, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

Biography

James Thomas Fields (1817-1881) occupied an important position in the nineteenth century literary scene in his dual role as editor of The Atlantic Monthly and publisher in the Boston firm of Ticknor and Fields. His career as publisher began in 1831, when he became a clerk for the Old Corner Bookstore, which evolved into the firm of William D. Ticknor and Company. During the forties, Ticknor and Co. began its rise to greatness, with extra impetus provided by its publication in 1847 of Longfellow's Evangeline. Soon after, the firm also established relations with other New England writers such as Whittier, Lowell, Hawthorne, and Holmes, each of whom contributed to the increasing prestige of Ticknor and Co. Meanwhile, Fields began a corresponding rise, advancing to a junior partnership in 1843, though the firm retained its title until 1849, when it became Ticknor, Reed and Fields. The title of Ticknor and Fields came into being in June, 1854, and lasted until 1868, when reorganization changed the name to Fields, Osgood and Company, with Fields as senior partner. Throughout his career as a publisher, Fields was extremely successful in establishing good relationships (and in a great many cases, friendships) with a large number of authors, both American and English. Through his fair and generous terms in dealing with them and through his policy of protecting their works against piracy in spite of the absence of any international copyright laws, he was able to attract established, well-known writers to his firm, as well as many who would yet achieve fame. Fields succeeded also in obtaining wide exposure of his firm's books by means of his extensive circle of friends and acquaintances among editors and book reviewers. Chiefly as a result of his promotional talents, Ticknor and Fields were able to develop a national market for their books and hence to make Boston the primary center in the United States for the publication of literary works.
In his capacity as editor of The Atlantic Monthly, Fields was no less successful. Created in May, 1857, the magazine was purchased by Ticknor and Fields two years later. The following year, Fields took over the editorship of the magazine from James Russell Lowell. During Field's tenure as editor, he continued to maintain the magazine's reputation for dignity and integrity which Lowell had established, and his promptness and business acumen provided a marked contrast to Lowell's sometimes casual methods. As in his role of publisher, Fields dealt fairly and generously with Atlantic contributors, inaugurating the practice of paying for articles when accepted rather than when published. Further, he actively sought out new writers in an effort to broaden the appeal of the magazine, also accepting more pieces of light fiction to ease the number of scholarly literary and historical articles. Under his leadership, the Atlantic significantly increased its circulation, becoming widely known throughout much of the United States and England, as well.
On December 31, 1870, Fields retired from business, partly because of health, but was able to continue his writing and lecturing. He also continued to enjoy the many friendships he had formed with authors and other literary figures. The Fields home, with James and his wife, Annie (Adams) Fields (1834-1915) receiving, had become a delightful gathering place for literary people in Boston. There were frequent visits from those in and around Boston, such as Dr. Holmes, who lived just down the street, and there were guests from abroad -- those whom the Fieldses had met on their several trips to England, and many distinguished visitors who were brought to the Fieldses' to meet the Boston literary circle. The story of the many hours spent with their literary friends is told in their memoirs: Authors and Friends, by Annie Fields, and Yesterdays with Authors, by James T. Fields.
Following James Fields's death in 1881, Annie continued to receive her many friends, with the frequent companionship of Sarah Orne Jewett, and continued her own literary activities until her death in 1915.

Subject matter

The collection consists primarily of letters from authors to James Thomas Fields, mostly relating to publication of their manuscripts by his firm. Letters concerning literary matters are also addressed to Annie Fields. Included in the collection are many autograph manuscripts of poems, essays, articles, etc. by American and English authors.

Bibliography

Austin, James C. Fields of the Atlantic Monthly. (San Marino, Calif.: The Huntington Library, 1953).
Charvat, William. James T. Fields and the Beginnings of Book Promotion, 1840-1855, The Huntington Library Quarterly VIII (Nov., 1944), 75-94.
Fields, Annie. Authors and Friends. (Boston: Houghton, Mifflin and Co., 1897).
Fields, James T. Yesterdays with Authors. (Boston: Houghton, Mifflin and Co., 1900).
Howe, M. A. DeWolfe. Memories of a Hostess. (Boston: The Atlantic Monthly Press, 1922).

Significant persons represented

 

Manuscripts

 

Aldrich, Thomas Bailey

 

2 poems

 

Ames, Charles Gordon

 

1 poem

 

Andrew, John Albion

 

1 poem

 

Bartol, Cyrus Augustus

 

1 poem

 

Boker, George Henry

 

2 poems

 

Boyd, Andrew Kennedy Hutchinson

 

table of contents

 

Brooks, Phillips

 

1 prayer

 

Butler, Frances Anne (Kemble)

 

group of poems

 

Cable, George Washington

 

fragment of novel

 

Carman, Bliss

 

1 poem

 

Clarke, Mary Victoria (Novello) Cowden-

 

1 poem

 

Clemens, Samuel Langhorne

 

1 poem

 

Cooke, Rose Terry

 

2 poems

 

Cooper, James Fenimore

 

fragment of novel

 

Craik, Dinah Maria (Mulock)

 

preface and title page

 

Davis, Rebecca Blaine (Harding)

 

2 short stories

 

Duganne, Augustine Joseph Hickey

 

1 poem

 

Emerson, Ralph Waldo

 

preface to work by Thoreau

 

Everett, Edward

 

1 poem

 

Fields, James Thomas

 

3 poems

 

Galton, Sir Francis

 

1 poem (couplet)

 

Guiney, Louise Imogen

 

1 poem

 

Hale, Edward Everett

 

1 poem

 

Higginson, Thomas Wentworth

 

2 essays

 

Hill, George Birkbeck Norman

 

1 poem

 

Holmes, Oliver Wendell a

 

10 poems; 7 essays, 2 photographs

 

Howe, Julia (Ward)

 

3 poems

 

Landor, Walter Savage

 

1 essay

 

Lanier, Clifford Anderson

 

1 poem

 

Larcom, Lucy

 

1 poem

 

Lear, Edward

 

1 poem; 1 drawing

 

Lippincott, Sara Jane (Clarke)

 

1 poem; preface

 

Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth

 

1 poem

 

Longfellow, Samuel

 

1 poem

 

Lowell, James Russell

 

2 book reviews; 1 essay

 

Martineau, Harriet

 

2 essays

 

Mazzini, Giuseppe

 

1 essay

 

Novello, Mary Sabilla

 

1 poem

 

Osgood, Kate Putnam

 

1 poem

 

Parker, Nathan

 

1 sermon

 

Parsons, Thomas William

 

3 poems

 

Procter, Bryan Waller

 

2 poems

 

Reade, Charles

 

corrections for ms.

 

Sala, George Augustus Henry

 

1 essay

 

Sheppard, Elizabeth Sara

 

6 poems, and misc. verses

 

Stoddard, Richard Henry

 

5 poems

 

Stowe, Harriet Elizabeth (Beecher)

 

1 poem; 16 selections from fiction and essays, incl. Chimney Corner and House and Home Papers

 

Taylor, Bayard

 

2 essays; Poems of Home and Travel, and Poems of the Orient

 

Tennyson, Alfred, 1st Baron Tennyson

 

draft of a prelude

 

Thaxter, Celia (Laighton)

 

29 poems

 

Thomas, Edith Matilda

 

1 poem

 

Trowbridge, John Townsend

 

1 poem

 

Ward, Elizabeth Stuart (Phelps)

 

2 poems

 

Waterston, Anna Cabot Lowell (Quincy)

 

1 poem

 

Whitney, Adeline Dutton (Train)

 

2 poems

 

Whittier, John Greenleaf

 

7 poems, and extract from Margaret Smith's Journal

 

Woolsey, Sarah Chauncey

 

1 poem

 

Correspondence

Additional Note

(persons represented by 10 or more pieces)
 

Agassiz, Elizabeth Cabot, (Cary)

 

33 pieces, 1850<->1908

 

Alden, Henry Mills

 

50 pieces, 1861-1912

 

Aldrich, Thomas Bailey

 

60 pieces, 1855->1907

 

Allibone, Samuel Austin

 

29 pieces, 1855-1863

 

Armstrong, Samuel Chapman

 

16 pieces, 1881-1893

 

Arnold, Ethel Margaret

 

13 pieces, 1889-1912

 

Bartol, Cyrus Augustus

 

28 pieces, 1854-1883

 

Boker, George Henry

 

37 pieces, 1849-1867

 

Boyd, Andrew Kennedy Hutchinson

 

21 pieces, 1861-1862

 

Brooks, Phillips

 

13 pieces, 1879-1890

 

Brown, John h

 

25 pieces, 1860->1895

 

Brownell, Henry Howard

 

29 pieces, 1865-1867

 

Cary, Alice

 

17 pieces, 1856->1871

 

Child, Lydia Maria (Francis)

 

41 pieces, 1859-1879

 

Clarke, Charles Cowden- and Clarke, Mary Victoria (Novello) Cowden-

 

61 pieces, 1860-1896

 

Clarke, James Freeman

 

11 pieces, 1875-1884

 

Collyer, Robert

 

118 pieces, 1866-1912

 

Cooke, Rose Terry

 

10 pieces, 1860-1889

 

Craig, Margaret (deQuincey)

 

10 pieces, 1852-1855

 

Curtis, George William

 

47 pieces, 1854-1880

 

Cushman, Charlotte Saunders

 

44 pieces, 1860->1876

 

Dana, Richard Henry a

 

10 pieces, 1841-1878

 

Diaz, Abby (Morton)

 

51 pieces, 1863->1905

 

Dickens, Charles

 

32 pieces, 1859-1870

 

Dickinson, Lowes Cato

 

19 pieces, 1873-1888

 

Douglas, David

 

13 pieces, 1888-1911

 

Emerson, Ellen Tucker

 

15 pieces, 1864-1908

 

Emerson, Ralph Waldo

 

36 pieces, 1859-1873

 

Fairbanks, Charles B

 

11 pieces, 1851-1857

 

Farrar, Eliza Ware (Rotch)

 

12 pieces, 1864-1866

 

Fields, Annie (Adams)

 

44 pieces, 1857->1915

 

Fields, James Thomas

 

337 pieces, 1845->1881

 

Forbes, Edith (Emerson)

 

15 pieces, 1898->1915

 

Fremont, Jessie (Benton)

 

26 pieces, 1861-1864

 

Furness, Horace Howard

 

18 pieces, 1874-1911

 

Furness, William Henry a

 

18 pieces, 1863-1881

 

Giles, Henry

 

41 pieces, 1849-1865

 

Godwin, Parke

 

15 pieces, 1861-1901

 

Griswold, Rufus Wilmot

 

41 pieces, 1840-1855

 

Guiney, Louise Imogen

 

126 pieces, 1884-1914

 

Hale, Edward Everett

 

47 pieces, 1863->1909

 

Hale, George Silsbee

 

14 pieces, 1879-1889

 

Hawthorne, Nathaniel

 

34 pieces, 1851-1864

 

Hayes, Isaac Israel

 

27 pieces, 1867-1872

 

Higginson, Ida (Agassiz)

 

20 pieces, 1893->1915

 

Hogarth, Georgina

 

93 pieces, 1869-1913

 

Holmes, Oliver Wendell a

 

136 pieces, 1850-1894

 

Howe, Julia (Ward)

 

68 pieces, 1852-1908

 

Howells, William Dean

 

111 pieces, 1860-1914

 

Ireland, Alexander

 

10 pieces, 1868-1886

 

Jackson, Helen Maria (Fiske) Hunt

 

21 pieces, 1867-1884

 

James, Henry b

 

12 pieces, 1882-1911

 

Jerdan, William

 

11 pieces, 1851-1855

 

Jesse, Edward

 

24 pieces, 1854-1867

 

King, Thomas Starr

 

11 pieces, 1853-1863

 

Larcom, Lucy

 

31 pieces, 1860->1893

 

Leonowens, Anna Harriette (Crawford)

 

49 pieces, 1873-1911

 

Lippincott, Sara Jane (Clarke)

 

70 pieces, 1848->1855

 

Livermore, Mary Ashton (Rice)

 

15 pieces, 1873-1887

 

Longfellow, Alice Mary

 

10 pieces, 1882-1899

 

Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth

 

142 pieces, 1845-1881

 

Longfellow, Samuel

 

14 pieces, 1864->1892

 

Lowell, James Russell

 

66 pieces, 1849-1891

 

Lowell, Josephine (Shaw)

 

13 pieces, 1882-1897

 

Lowell, Robert Traill Spence

 

12 pieces, 1861-1863

 

Meynell, Alice Christiana Gertrude (Thompson)

 

21 pieces, 1901-1914

 

Mitchell, Donald Grant

 

27 pieces, 1857-1868

 

Mitchell, Silas Weir

 

12 pieces, 1866-1908

 

Mitford, Mary Russell

 

65 pieces, 1848-1854

 

Modjeska, Helena (Opid)

 

14 pieces, 1879-1900

 

Norton, Charles Eliot

 

25 pieces, 1850-1907

 

Palfrey, Sara Hammond

 

10 pieces, 1861-1905

 

Parsons, Thomas William

 

18 pieces, 1850-1882

 

Parton, James

 

40 pieces, 1866-1877

 

Preston, Harriet Waters

 

12 pieces, 1873-1910

 

Procter, Bryan Waller

 

12 pieces, 1851-1864

 

Putnam, Mary Traill Spence (Lowell)

 

33 pieces, 1862->1898

 

Reade, Charles

 

77 pieces, 1855-1881

 

Rich, Hiram

 

19 pieces, 1865-1888

 

Richards, Laura Elizabeth (Howe)

 

17 pieces, 1891->1915

 

Ritchie, Lady Anne Isabella (Thackeray)

 

11 pieces, 1867-1912

 

Sinclair, May

 

13 pieces, 1905-1912

 

Stedman, Edmund Clarence

 

14 pieces, 1866-1897

 

Stoddard, Richard Henry

 

46 pieces, 1850-1858

 

Stowe, Harriet Elizabeth (Beecher)

 

132 pieces, 1860->1896

 

Sullivan, Thomas Russell

 

15 pieces, 1898-1912

 

Sumner, Charles

 

17 pieces, 1841-1868

 

Tennyson, Emily (Sellwood), Baroness, Tennyson

 

16 pieces, 1859-1894

 

Thaxter, Celia (Laighton)

 

62 pieces, 1861-1892

 

Thomas, Edith Matilda

 

10 pieces, 1885-1888

 

Trowbridge, John Townsend

 

18 pieces, 1865-1867

 

Ward, Mary Augusta (Arnold)

 

14 pieces, 1892-1914

 

Warner, Charles Dudley

 

32 pieces, 1880-1900

 

Wasson, David Atwood

 

49 pieces, 1861-1876

 

Waterston, Anna Cabot Lowell (Quincy)

 

20 pieces, 1860-1880

 

Wayland, Francis b

 

12 pieces, 1861-1867

 

Weiss, John

 

24 pieces, 1862-1875

 

White, Richard Grant

 

13 pieces, 1855-1863

 

Whitney, Adeline Dutton (Train)

 

36 pieces, 1861-1898

 

Whitney, Anne

 

23 pieces, 1867->1915

 

Whittier, John Greenleaf

 

305 pieces, 1843-1892

 

Willson, Byron Forceythe

 

19 pieces, 1865-1866

 

Woodberry, George Edward

 

36 pieces, 1889->1915