Harry Crosby Collection

Mandeville Special Collections Library
Mandeville Special Collections Library
The UCSD Libraries
9500 Gilman Drive
University of California, San Diego
La Jolla, California 92093-0175
Phone: (858) 534-2533
Fax: (858) 534-5950
URL: http://orpheus.ucsd.edu/speccoll/
Copyright 2005
The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.


Descriptive Summary

Creator: Crosby, Harry, 1926-
Title: Harry Crosby Collection,
Date (inclusive): 1966-1992
Extent: 10.20 linear feet (3 archives boxes and 92 mounted photographs)
Abstract: The Harry Crosby Collection contains photographs of the University of California, San Diego; an exhibit of photographs entitled "Baja California, 1967-1992: Photographs by Harry Crosby" and a book proposal which led to the publication of THE CAVE PAINTINGS OF BAJA CALIFORNIA (1975). The bulk of the UCSD photographs were taken to illustrate a promotional brochure entitled WE PROPOSE TO CHALLENGE and document buildings and campus life during the mid-1960s. The Baja California photograph exhibit includes images of peninsular mission architecture, historic places, everyday life on remote ranches, and landmarks along the unpaved transpeninsular highway. The collection is arranged in three series: 1) PHOTOGRAPHS OF UCSD, 2) BAJA CALIFORNIA, 1967-1992 PHOTOGRAPH EXHIBIT and 3) MANUSCRIPTS.
Repository: University of California, San Diego. Geisel Library. Mandeville Special Collections Library.
La Jolla, California 92093-0175
Collection number: MSS 0333
Language of Material: Collection materials in English

Access

Collection is open for research

Acquisition Information

Not Available

Preferred Citation

Harry Crosby Collection, MSS 0333. Mandeville Special Collections Library, UCSD.

Publication Rights

Publication rights are held by the creator of the collection.

Biography

Harry Crosby was born in Seattle, Washington, on June 10, 1926. He received his B.A from Occidental College in 1948 and his masters degree from San Diego State University in 1951. In 1963, he retired from teaching in the San Diego Unified School District to become a professional photographer. Between 1963 and 1974, Crosby worked in commercial photography, specializing in brochure, magazine and book illustration.
In 1967, Crosby was hired by the Commission of the Californias to illustrate a book to commemorate the California bicentennial entitled THE CALL TO CALIFORNIA (1969). During his research for the book, he rode 600 miles in Baja California, mostly on muleback, and followed the route of the Portola/Serra expedition of 1769. While photographing historic places in Baja, Crosby also became interested in peninsular rock art and the history of the isolated ranch families he encountered.
Crosby has since written and illustrated numerous books and articles on Baja California, including THE KING'S HIGHWAY IN BAJA CALIFORNIA (1974), THE CAVE PAINTINGS OF BAJA CALIFORNIA (1975), "Baja's Murals of Mystery" (NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC, 1980, Vol.158, No.5, p.692-702), LAST OF THE CALIFORNIOS (1981), DOOMED TO FAIL (1989), and ANTIGUA CALIFORNIA, MISSION AND COLONY ON THE PENINSULAR FRONTIER, 1697-1768 (1994).

Scope and Content of Collection

The Harry Crosby Collection contains: images of the University of California, San Diego taken during the mid-1960s; a photograph exhibition entitled Baja California, 1967-1992: Photographs by Harry Crosby; and, a book proposal on the mountains, people and cave paintings of Baja California. The collection is arranged in three series: 1) PHOTOGRAPHS OF UCSD, 2) BAJA CALIFORNIA, 1967-1992 and 3) MANUSCRIPTS.
SERIES 1: PHOTOGRAPHS OF UCSD
The PHOTOGRAPHS OF UCSD series contains black-and-white contact sheets and mounted photographs taken between 1965 and 1970. Many of the photographs were taken to illustrate the UCSD brochure entitled WE PROPOSE TO CHALLENGE (1966) and document instruction, laboratories, student life, and some faculty, including philosophy professor Herbert Marcuse. Other photographs show Muir and Revelle Colleges, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University Hospital, an "Electronic Music Happening," and composer Ernst Krenek during his February 1970 visit to UCSD. The photographs are arranged alphabetically by subject.
SERIES 2: BAJA CALIFORNIA, 1967-1992 PHOTOGRAPH EXHIBIT
The BAJA CALIFORNIA, 1967-1992 PHOTOGRAPH EXHIBIT series contains ninety-two black-and-white and color images of people and places in Baja California, including peninsular mission architecture, historic places, everyday life on remote ranchos, and landmarks along the unpaved transpeninsular highway. The photographs are arranged in exhibit order in three subseries: A) Pre-history and History of Antigua California, 2) Life at Remote Ranches In Baja California, and 3) Landmarks Along the Trans-Peninsular Highway.
The following subseries descriptions were written by Crosby and describe three groups of exhibited photographs.
A) Pre-history and History of Antigua California
"The Native Americans of the central and lower peninsula disappeared after less than two centuries of exposure to alien diseases and European ideological and economic domination. Their material remains are few and, for the most part, inconspicuous. Thirty years ago, during my first major adventure in Baja California, I was guided to magnificent displays of rock art, paintings and engravings. That experience-- and the scant printed information available on the subject-- inspired me to spend fifteen months in the mountains of the mid-peninsula during the next seven years. My investigations resulted in the text and illustrations for THE CAVE PAINTINGS OF BAJA CALIFORNIA [1975]. The pre-historic art of Baja California now attracts admiring visitors from around the world. The peninsula displays a variety of other remains as well, items worked from or built of stone: hunting blinds, sleeping circles, metates, manos, and other miscellaneous implements.
The permanent Spanish presence in California began with a toehold established in 1697. During the eighteenth century, the mission-based colony grew to encompass the entire peninsula and expanded onto the mainland to the northwest. I was introduced to peninsular history when I was hired to illustrate a book commemorating the two hundredth anniversary [1969] of Spanish entry into Alta California. My experience did not begin with books or documents, it came in the field in encounters with remains of mission churches, el camino real-- the inter-mission road-- and other masonry constructions resulting from early economic activity: mining, pearling, cattle ranching, and mission agriculture.
Historic preservation was barely a concept during the peninsula's three Hispanic centuries. Known losses were great, but most went unrecorded and can only be imagined. Since the opening of the paved highway in 1973, I have watched the patrimony of the peninsula suffer accelerating losses from neglect, looting, and development. I hope that my work will stimulate interest in finding, recording, and preserving the historical legacy. That is my appeal to Baja California's leaders and residents- and to sincere aficionados wherever they reside.
B) Life at Remote Ranches in Baja California
Peninsular California experienced profound changes during the first third of the nineteenth century. Mexican independence [1821] ended Spanish interest and support; the new government lacked finances and was primarily involved in its own organization and solving problems closer to the heart of the republic. By 1830, Baja California languished for lack of money, supplies, and trade. As the numbers of mission Indians declined, missions were abandoned or secularized. The Presidio of Loreto, the peninsula's largest employer, was scaled down, then abandoned. Local men turned to subsistence ranching or farming on small land claims or, more frequently, to squatting on ex-mission properties or at remote water sources in the sierras or their foothills. The population, so dispersed, developed the basis for much of the small economic activity in the area. The few towns and villages became trading centers where merchants dealt with farmers and ranchers.
This economy, with many of its practices and traditions almost unchanged, persisted to a remarkable degree in 1967 when I first entered the remote areas. However, in half a dozen years, the paved road brought in the outside world and old ways quickly began to fade. Goods and produce from the mainland and tourism from the United States changed the local economy by lowering demand for more expensive local produce and by creating other needs for local labor. I was extremely fortunate to arrive before those events, to travel to many dozens of inaccessible ranches, to know their people, and to experience the last days of a culture hauntingly like that of our own American West in the nineteenth century. My 1981 book, LAST OF THE CALIFORNIOS, set forth my photographs, my experiences, and my research vis-à-vis this remarkable-- and remarkably nearby-- survival.
C) Landmarks Along the Wheeltracks Grandly Known as the 'Trans-Peninsular Highway'
Since the second decade of the twentieth century, men have used automobiles to travel over the more level terrain in various parts of the peninsula. Gradually, after truly heroic efforts with hand tools and a little dynamite and blasting powder-- the efforts of various communities, companies, and ranchers made it possible to traverse the entire length of Baja California, usually with aid from local manpower and mulepower to pass through the most difficult terrain. By the 1940s, it was possible, with favorable weather, to drive a high-clearance vehicle from San Diego to San José del Cabo, but few made the trip without long delays due to mechanical problems or shortages of fuel or other wondrous difficulties. Such trips were adventures, often the greatest adventures of the travelers' lives. A cult sprang up around Baja California travel. The individuals or families that offered gas and meals along the way became in-group personalities. Howard Gulick and Peter Gerhard put their experiences to use in creating a truly inspired handbook, LOWER CALIFORNIA GUIDEBOOK-- a historically accurate and geographically sound work that assisted the traveler and educated him as he went.
The same set of wheeltracks served the slow-growing peninsular economy as an avenue for imports from the U. S. and mainland Mexico and for exports of local produce from fisheries, fields, or herds. Mexican truckers became part of the growing legend; regulars often provided assistance to visitors in distress, sometimes pulling them from mud or sand, sometimes transporting vital vehicle parts, sometimes carrying them to places from which they could get conventional transportation back to their homes. I know at one time or another, I needed and got all of these services and much more. Travel was slow in those days, stops were frequent and there was a lot of camaraderie; friendships were made between fellow travelers and with those who lived or worked along the road. It was an idyll not truly appreciated until the paved road was built and opened in 1973. Changes were sudden and mostly painful to old-timers, whether gringo or peninsular. Much of the romance disappeared. Few of those who had provided services along the old road had the money or political clout to be involved in profits from the new tourism. An era had ended; LOWER CALIFORNIA GUIDEBOOK is a collectors' item. Sic transit gloria mundi...."
SERIES 3: MANUSCRIPTS
The MANUSCRIPTS series contains Crosby's treatment proposal for a book on Baja California mountain people, cave paintings and sierra life. The proposal led to his book entitled THE CAVE PAINTINGS OF BAJA CALIFORNIA (1975). The volume includes Crosby's written proposal, a statement of professional background, his vita, a map of Baja California, and 39 photographs.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.

Subjects

Crosby, Harry, 1926- -- Archives
University of California, San Diego -- Pictorial works
University of California, San Diego -- Buildings -- Pictorial works
Rock paintings -- Mexico -- Baja California (Peninsula)
Spanish mission buildings -- Mexico -- Baja California (Peninsula)
Jesuit architecture -- Mexico -- Baja California (Peninsula)
Architecture -- Mexico -- Baja California (Peninsula)
Baja California (Mexico : Peninsula)
Baja California (Mexico : Peninsula) -- Social life and customs
Baja California (Mexico : Peninsula) -- Description and travel -- Pictorial works
Photographic prints -- 20th century.


Collection Contents

 

PHOTOGRAPHS OF UCSD

box 1, folder 1

Electronic Music Happening 1968

box 1, folder 2

Krenek, Ernst - Visit to UCSD

Note

February 1970.
box 1, folder 3

Muir College

box 1, folder 4

Revelle College

Note

August 23, 1967.
box 1, folder 5

Scripps Institution of Oceanography

Note

Ca. 1960s.
box 1, folder 6

University Hospital

Note

Photographs taken for a brochure, June-July 1968.
box 1, folder 7

WE PROPOSE TO CHALLENGE brochure

Note

[1966].
box 1, folder 8

WE PROPOSE TO CHALLENGE 1966

Note

Contact sheets.
box 1, folder 9, oversize FB20601

WE PROPOSE TO CHALLENGE 1966

Note

Exhibition prints.
box 1, folder 10, oversize FB20602

WE PROPOSE TO CHALLENGE 1966

Note

Exhibition prints.
box 1, folder 11, oversize MC05101

WE PROPOSE TO CHALLENGE 1966

Note

Exhibition print.
box 1, folder 12, oversize FB20603

WE PROPOSE TO CHALLENGE 1966

Note

Production prints.
 

BAJA CALIFORNIA, 1967-1992 PHOTOGRAPH EXHIBIT

 

Pre-History and History of Antigua California

box 2, folder 1, oversize MC14303

Enrique Hambleton with petroglyphs, Sierra de San Francisco 1974

Note

11.5 x 11.5
box 2, folder 2, oversize MC14301

Harry Crosby at Cueva Pintada, Sierra de San Francisco 1977

Note

21 x 21
box 2, folder 3, oversize MC14303

Boca de San Julio, Sierra de San Francisco 1974

Note

11.5 x 11.5
box 2, folder 4, oversize MC14401

Prehistoric hunting blinds 1973

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 5, oversize MC14301

Daunting view of the Sierra de la Giganta from Chuenque on the Loreto Plain 1990

Note

21 x 21
box 2, folder 6, oversize MC14301

Mision de San Javier seen from a high mesa to the east 1967

Note

21 x 21
box 2, folder 7, oversize MC14401

View of San Javier from the south slope of the arroyo 1967

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 8, oversize MC14401

Interior view of Mision de San Javier 1967

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 9, oversize MC14303

Plaster detail on the arch beneath the choir loft at Mision de San Javier 1967

Note

11.5 x 11.5
box 2, folder 10, oversize MC14401

View from San Javier's belfry 1967

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 11, oversize MC14401

Lime kiln midway between the missions at San Javier and San Jose de Comondu 1986

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 12, oversize MC14401

Foundations of the church built at Mision de San Jose de Comondu in 1716 1990

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 13, oversize MC14401

One of several agricultural plots developed at Mision de San Jose de Comondu 1967

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 14, oversize MC14401

Ruins of the chapel at the visiting station of Londo 1990

Note

Once an important cattle ranch for Mision de Loreto. 15 x 15
box 2, folder 15, oversize MC14402

Grapevines at Mision de San Ignacio 1974

Note

Long the most important of the peninsula's wine producing missions. 15 x 15
box 2, folder 16, oversize MC14402

Facade of Mision de San Ignacio 1967

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 17, oversize MC14402

Great Muralla, or dike at Mision de San Ignacio 1971

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 18, oversize MC14301

Mision de San Luis Gonzaga 1990

Note

21 x 21
box 2, folder 19, oversize MC14402

El Camino Real midway between San Ignacio and Santa Gertrudis 1967

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 20, oversize MC14301

El Camino Real in Arroyo del Infierno 1971

Note

21 x 21
box 2, folder 21, oversize MC14402

El Camino Real crosses the Llano del Gentil as it approaches Mision de San Borja 1967

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 22, oversize MC14303

El Camino Real crosses the Llano del Gentil - trail marker 1967

Note

11.5 x 11.5
box 2, folder 23, oversize MC14402

Mision de Santa Maria de los Angeles 1967

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 24, oversize MC14402

Bahia de la Ventana and the Surgidero de Cerralvo 1992

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 25, oversize MC14402

Ruins of an eighteenth century silver refining installation 1974

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 26, oversize MC14403

Real de Santa Ana 1974

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 27, oversize MC14301

Adobe ruins at Santa Ana 1974

Note

21 x 21
box 2, folder 28, oversize MC14403

San Telmo Valley seen from foothills of the Sierra de San Pedro Martir 1968

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 29, oversize MC14403

Map of Missions

Note

15 x 15
 

Life at Remote Ranches in Baja California

box 2, folder 30, oversize MC14403

View to the west looking down the arroyo of Rancho del Potrero 1980

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 31, oversize MC14403

View northward over Rancho de San Antonio 1972

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 32, oversize MC14403

Rancho de Santa Barbara on the eastern slope of Sierra de San Juan 1973

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 33, oversize MC14403

Rancho de Vivelejos 1980

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 34, oversize MC14302

Rancho de San Dionisio in the foothills of the Sierra de la Laguna 1972

Note

21 x 21
box 2, folder 35, oversize MC14403

Corredor at Rancho de la Soledad 1972

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 36, oversize MC14404

Corredor at Rancho de las Calabazas 1971

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 37, oversize MC14404

Rancho de la Purificacion 1972

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 38, oversize MC14302

Chapel at Rancho de la Soledad 1972

Note

21 x 21
box 2, folder 39, oversize MC14302

Las Jicamas, a seasonal goat ranch 1980

Note

21 x 21
box 2, folder 40, oversize MC14404

Goats released after milking at Rancho de las Jicamas 1980

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 41, oversize MC14404

Drawing water at Rancho de los Pozos 1971

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 42, oversize MC14302

Kitchen scene at Rancho de Pie de la Cuesta 1971

Note

21 x 21
box 2, folder 43, oversize MC14404

Kitchen scene at Rancho de la Vinorama [de arriba] 1980

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 44, oversize MC14303

Berta's mural at Rancho de Santa Marta 1973

Note

11.5 x 11.5
box 2, folder 45, oversize MC14404

Treadle sewing machine at Rancho de Pie de la Cuesta 1971

Note

15 x15
box 2, folder 46, oversize MC14404

Grindstone at Rancho de Guadalupe 1980

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 47, oversize MC14404

Tanning Vats at Rancho de San Nicolas 1971

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 48, oversize MC14405

Flume at Rancho de San Gregorio 1971

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 49, oversize MC14405

Picking dates at Rancho de San Martin 1980

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 50, oversize MC14405

Cattle in the tinaja at Rancho del Zorillo 1980

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 51, oversize MC14405

Mule roundup near Rancho de San Martin 1980

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 52, oversize MC14405

Mules in stone corral at Rancho de Vivelejos 1980

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 53, oversize MC14405

Packtrain crosses the mesa del Tabardillo 1977

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 54, oversize MC14302

Opening a cattle gate between the ranches of San Nicolas and San Pablo 1973

Note

21 x 21
box 2, folder 55, oversize MC14405

Return from a three-day roundtrip to the nearest store 1980

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 56, oversize MC14405

My party starts the descent from San Gabriel to San Narciso 1980

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 57, oversize MC14406

Ranchers from San Antonio guide their animals through Arroyo del Infierno 1971

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 58, oversize MC14406

Burros rest between burdens at Rancho Carricito 1980

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 59, oversize MC14406

Loading a burro at Rancho de Santa Cruz 1972

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 60, oversize MC14406

Loaded burros stop for water at Rancho de Guadalupe 1980

Note

15 x 15
 

Landmarks Along the Trans-Peninsular Highway

box 2, folder 61, oversize MC14406

San Felipe as it was.... 1952

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 62, oversize MC14302

El Pedregoso 1990

Note

21 x 21
box 2, folder 63, oversize MC14501

Landform fifteen miles southeast of El Rosario 1990

Note

21 x 21
box 2, folder 64, oversize MC14406

Rancho de Arenoso 1971

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 65, oversize MC14406

Laguna Seca de Chapala 1967

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 66, oversize MC14406

Laguna Seca de Chapala 1967

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 67, oversize MC14303

Arturo Grosso 1967

Note

11.5 x 11.5
box 2, folder 68, oversize MC14502

Gas Station/Rest Stop near Mezquital 1971

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 69, oversize MC14502

Gas Station/Rest Stop near Mezquital 1971

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 70, oversize MC14303

Roadside butcher shop in Villa Insurgentes 1967

Note

11.5 x 11.5
box 2, folder 71, oversize MC14502

Hulks of old cars at Calmalli 1971

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 72, oversize MC14502

Hulks of old cars at Calmalli 1967

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 73, oversize MC14502

Stretch of the old dirt road near Rancho del Tablon 1971

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 74, oversize MC14502

Old road into San Ignacio 1971

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 75, oversize MC14502

Frank Fischer's Garage in San Ignacio

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 76, oversize MC14502

Frank Fischer's Garage in San Ignacio

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 77, oversize MC14503

Frank Fischer's Garage in San Ignacio

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 78, oversize MC14303

Frank Fischer's Garage in San Ignacio

Note

11.5 x 11.5
box 2, folder 79, oversize MC14503

Windmill and pump built from auto parts near San Ignacio 1972

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 80, oversize MC14503

Old road from San Ignacio to Santa Rosalia 1975

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 81, oversize MC14501

Santa Rosalia near sunset 1967

Note

21 x 21
box 2, folder 82, oversize MC14501

Santa Rosalia: the Boleo mill in action 1967

Note

21 x 21
box 2, folder 83, oversize MC14503

Santa Rosalia: Scrapped railroad wheels at the Boleo mill 1967

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 84, oversize MC14503

Santa Rosalia: Narrow gauge engine at the Boleo mill 1967

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 85, oversize MC14503

Santa Rosalia: A worker oiling machinery at the Boleo mill 1967

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 86, oversize MC14503

Local ranchers scan horizon from atop El Picacho in the Sierra de la Laguna 1972

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 87, oversize MC14503

Red volcanic agglomerate cliff in Arroyo de San Pablo 1977

Note

Sierra de San Francisco. 15 x 15
box 2, folder 88, oversize MC14504

Morning mists at Mesa del Tabardillo, northwest Sierra de San Francisco 1977

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 89, oversize MC14501

Sea of Cortez from a beach north of the salina at San Evarito 1972

Note

21 x 21
box 2, folder 90, oversize MC14504

Sea of Cortez from a beach south of Los Dolores 1972

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 91, oversize MC14504

Large zalates (ficus palmeri) flourish in canyon above San Sebastian 1967

Note

15 x 15
box 2, folder 92, oversize MC14501

Great Tinaja in Arroyo del Parral 1971

Note

21 x 21
 

MANUSCRIPTS

box 3, folder 1

Sierras of Baja California, The People of the Baja California Mountains..

Note

A proposal to the media for word and picture coverage of some nearby but remarkably isolated places and people.