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INVENTORY OF THE JEAN PILLEMENT ETCHINGS, ca. 1755-ca. 1775
P830005  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Biographical/Historical Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Key to Item Entries
  • Indexing Terms
  • Bibliography

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Jean Pillement etchings
    Dates: ca. 1755-1775
    Collection number: P830005
    Creator: Pillement, Jean
    Collector: Perrins, Charles William Dyson, 1864-
    Extent: 329 prints (3 boxes)
    Repository: Getty Research Institute
    Research Library
    Special Collections and Visual Resources
    1200 Getty Center Drive
    Suite 1100
    Los Angeles, CA 90049-1688
    Abstract: 329 prints designed by Jean Pillement and etched by various printmakers. The etchings of chinoiserie, flowers, and rustic scenes were sources for designs on Worcester porcelain. The collection represents perhaps one-quarter of Pillement's printed designs.
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    Language: Collection material in French and English.

    Administrative Information

    Access

    Open for use by qualified researchers.

    Publication Rights

    Preferred Citation

    Jean Pillement etchings, ca. 1755-1775, Getty Research Institute, Research Library, Accession no. P830005.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired in 1983 through a dealer who acquired the collection from Charles William Dyson Perrins.

    Biographical/Historical Note

    Jean Pillement, also known as Jean II Pillement and Jean-Baptiste Pillement, was the grandson of Jean Ier Pillement and son of Paul Pillement (b.1694), both painters. Pillement, the oldest of five children, was born in Lyon in 1728, studied in Paris with Daniel Sarrabat (1666-1748), a former student of Jean I Pillement. For a short time, Pillement worked at the Gobelins factory designing textile ornaments before beginning a lifetime of extensive travel around Europe. He visited Poland, where he became Painter to the King of Poland, Stanislas Auguste, and was much appreciated in London and Lisbon, where he visited several times. He spent time in France, Spain, Italy, Austria, England, and Portugal before retiring to Lyon, where he died, very poor, in 1808.
    Pillement painted and drew genre scenes, chinoiserie, flowers, landscapes, and marines subjects in many media, always in a rococo style. He is known for his inventiveness and endless novelty in these genres, for the usefulness of his drawings for manufacturers, and especially for his chinoiserie scenes, which he abandoned after 1775. Various engravers in Paris and London - including Pillement's second wife, Anne Allen - etched suites and plates after his designs. Leviez published one of two large collections of prints after Pillement's designs in 1767 (130 prints), and Basan and Poignant published the other in 1772 (120 prints).

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The Jean Pillement Collection was originally owned by Charles William Dyson Perrins (1864-1958), an English book collector. Perrins had a strong interest in the Royal Worcester Porcelain Company, to whom he donated his fine collection of Worcester porcelain; this collection of etchings of chinoiserie, flowers, and rustic scenes represents sources for designs on Worcester porcelain. The collection contains perhaps one-quarter of Pillement's printed designs and includes the work of the following etchers: François-Antoine Aveline (1718-1780 or 1718-1762), Peter-Paul Benazech (ca.1730-after 1783), Pierre-Charles Canot (1710-1777), Edouard Gautier Dagoty, Louis Dagoty, Jeanne Deny (b.1749), William Elliot or Elliott (1727-1766), Hess, James Mason (1710-ca.1780), Christopher Norton, Simon François Ravenet the elder (1706-1774), James Roberts the elder (1725 or 1726-1799), William Sherlock (ca.1759-1806), and Thomas Vivares (b.1735). C. Leviez and Pierre-François Basan (1723-97) are frequently listed as publishers; as part of their large collections, they seem to have reissued prints published earlier, sometimes by others. Victor Marie Picot (1744-1802) and Jean Marie Delattre (1745-1840) also issued two prints.
    The subjects of the sixteen suites of small etchings include chinoiserie fountains, tents, trophies, figures in landscapes and rococo flowers and ribbons. These motifs, probably derived from works by Pillement in other media, could easily be used as decorative sources for woven or printed textiles; painted, modeled, or lacquered paneling; engraving on silver; or painted porcelain. Two suites are etched in red and black in the crayon manner, imitating chalk drawings.
    The subjects of the sixteen suites of medium-sized etchings include fantastic and naturalistic flowers; chinoiserie genre scenes (some of children playing games) and large single figures; and rustic European genre scenes, always outdoors and often along the road or near tumble-down houses or bridges.
    The large etchings include one suite of six Chinese genre scenes and twenty rococo genre scenes, each with its own title. The genre scenes, often in pairs, depict the countryside or small villages, some with additional allegorical meaning related to the seasons or times of day. Some represent indigenous peasants picturesquely going about their business, while some portray gentlefolk who have appropriated rural costumes and landscapes for their own pleasures.

    Key to Item Entries

    Title of suite or print. Etcher. Place, date: Publisher.

    Number of plates (if suite). Measurements.

    Bibliographic reference(s).

    Notes.
    Title of first print. Etcher. Place, date: Publisher.

    Title of second print. Etcher. Place, date: Publisher.

    Measurements.

    Bibliographic reference(s).

    Notes.
    Titles are listed exactly as they are rendered on the prints. Supplied titles are in brackets.
    Pillement is the designer, and all entries are etchings.
    Publication information is taken directly from the prints; complete names are used when known. As part of their large collections of plates after Pillement's designs, Leviez and Basan seem to have reissued prints published earlier, sometimes by others. Thus, their names and place (Paris) appear in addition to the original issuing information. s.l. = sine loco (without place). s.d. = sine datum (without date). s.n. = sine nomine (without name).
    All measurements are in centimeters. For suites of prints, only one, usually the title page or the first print, has been measured. Pl. = platemark; Sh. = sheet.
    Guilmard = Désiré Guilmard. Les maîtres ornemanistes, dessinateurs, peintres, architectes, sculpteurs et graveurs; écoles française, italienne, allemande, et des Pays-Bas (flamande & hollandaise) . Paris, 1880-81: E. Plon.

    Guilmard p.190: Dagoty 1 refers to the first suite listed under Dagoty as engraver on page 190.
    Berlin Kat. = Staatliche Kunstbibliothek (Berlin, Germany). Katalog der Ornamentstichsammlung der Staatlichen Kunstbibliothek, Berlin . Berlin; Leipzig: Verlag für Kunstwissenschaft, 1939.

    Berlin Kat. 449 Bd. 2: Canot 1 refers to the first suite listed under Canot as engraver in the second volume of the Pillement listing at number 449.

    Indexing Terms

    Subjects

    Art—Chinese influences
    Decoration and ornament—France
    Decoration and ornament—Rococo
    Genre (Art)

    Genres and Forms of Material

    Etchings—France—18th century
    Prints—France—18th century

    Contributors

    Pillemont, Jean, 1728-1808, artist
    Perrins, Charles William Dyson, 1864-, former owner

    Bibliography

    Emmanuel Bénézit. Dictionnaire critique et documentaire des peintres, sculpteurs, dessinateurs et graveurs de tous les temps et de tous les pays, par un groupe d'écrivains spécialistes français et étrangers. Nouv. éd. [Paris]: Gründ, 1948-55.
    Georges Pillement. Jean Pillement. Paris: J. Haumont, 1945.
    Norman David Ziff. Jean-Baptiste Pillement and the evolution of Chinoiserie as an ornament motif. Ph.D. dissertation, 1968.