Inventory of the T. S. (Theodore Sherman) Palmer Collection, 1849-1954

Processed by Kate McGinn; machine-readable finding aid created by Xiuzhi Zhou
Photo Archives
Rare Book Department
The Huntington Library
1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108
Fax: (626) 449-5720
Email: jwatts@huntington.org
URL: http://www.huntington.org/huntingtonlibrary.aspx?id=558
© 1999
The Huntington Library. All rights reserved.

Inventory of the T. S. (Theodore Sherman) Palmer Collection, 1849-1954

The Huntington Library



Photograph Collections, Rare Book Department

San Marino, California

Contact Information

  • Photo Archives
  • Rare Book Department
  • The Huntington Library
  • 1151 Oxford Road
  • San Marino, California 91108
  • Fax: (626) 449-5720
  • Email: jwatts@huntington.org
  • URL: http://www.huntington.org/huntingtonlibrary.aspx?id=558
Processed by:
Kate McGinn
Date Completed:
26 May 1999
Encoded by:
Xiuzhi Zhou
© 1999 The Huntington Library. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: T. S. (Theodore Sherman) Palmer Collection,
Date (inclusive): 1849-1954
Collection number: photCL 416
Creator: Palmer, T. S. (Theodore Sherman)
Extent: 87 photographs in two boxes
Repository: The Huntington Library
San Marino, California 91108
Abstract: Death Valley (Calif.), The Jayhawker Party of '49, Antelope, Owens and San Joaquin Valleys
Language: English.

Administrative Information

Provenance

Gift of Mrs. Theodore S. Palmer, Dec. 14, 1955

Access

Collection is open to qualified researches by prior application through the Reader Services Department. For more information please go to the following URL .

Publication Rights

In order to quote from, publish, or reproduce any of the manuscripts or visual materials, researchers must obtain formal permission from the office of the Library Director. In most instances, permission is given by the Huntington as owner of the physical property rights only, and researchers must also obtain permission from the holder of the literary rights In some instances, the Huntington owns the literary rights, as well as the physical property rights. Researchers may contact the appropriate curator for further information.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], T. S. (Theodore Sherman) Palmer Collection, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

Scope and Content

Theodore S. Palmer (1868-1955), naturalist, was born in Oakland, California, and graduated from the University of California at Berkeley in 1888. He joined the U.S Department of Agriculture as field agent and ornithologist and shortly thereafter, in 1891, led an expedition from Death Valley to Mt. Whitney. In 1895 he received his M.A. degree from Georgetown University and in 1896 began work with the U.S. Department of Agriculture Biological Survey. He became assistant chief there in 1897 and rose through the ranks until he was named Senior Biologist in 1928. After his retirement in 1933 he worked as an assistant zoologist, specializing in the nomenclature of mammals and birds, at the United States National Museum. He was a member of many distinguished organizations, was active on governmental regulatory bodies for game laws, and wrote numerous books and articles.
The photographs that Palmer's widow donated to the collection were taken between January and September of 1891, when Palmer and his fellow scientists traversed California while collecting flora and fauna for the Department of Agriculture. The collection includes photographs of the Antelope, Owens, and San Joaquin Valleys as well as Death Valley. William C. Burnett, a San Francisco Chronicle reporter who traveled with the expedition from February to May, took many of the Death Valley pictures. A smaller set of Death Valley pictures was taken by John R. Spears, a NY correspondent who visited Death Valley (December 1891) in the wake of the Palmer party. Palmer and various members of his party are responsible for the remaining photographs.
Along with the photographs, The Huntington Library houses the personal papers of Palmer (Mss, Theodore S. Palmer Collections), which include his diary of the 1891 expedition, correspondence with his parents, Henry Austin Palmer and Jane Olivia (Day) Palmer, and from his brother Harold King Palmer, who was an astronomer at Lick Observatory and at Mt. Wilson in 1906. Housed separately, ephemera (Collection Box, Californiana, Promotional Literature, Death Valley) relates primarily to Death Valley and the Jayhawker party that crossed it in 1849

Processing note

The collection was previously housed in a subject file but has since been catalogued into a discrete collection. Old call numbers are on file with the curator of photographs.

Call Number & Description

 

PhotCL 416(1) Residence and 'Desert Outfit' of W. J. Wright, San Bernardino Calif, showing horse and wagon in which trips were made on the Colorado Desert with Dr. Asa Gray, Dr. C.C. Parry, C.S. Sargeuh, Dr. George Eigelmann [sp.?], S.B. Parish, and other botanists. Jan'y 1891

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(2) Yucca arboresceris 5 miles N.E. Victor, Calif. Mohave Desert

Physical Description: (5"x6 ½")
 

PhotCL 416(3) Paradise Valley, Mohave Desert, Calif. Looking north from Dry Lake-Pilot Knob in background

Physical Description: (5"x6 ½")
 

PhotCL 416(4) Entrance to Death Valley from Windy Gap-Mt. Smith in the Funeral Mts.

Physical Description: (5"x6 ½")
 

PhotCL 416(5) The Wash in Windy Gap near south entrance to Death Valley, Calif.

Physical Description: (5"x6 ½")
 

PhotCL 416(6) Bottom of Death Valley, Calif.

Physical Description: (5"x6 ½")
 

PhotCL 416(7) High Peak at south end of Funeral Mts., Calif. (Mt. Smith?) From bottom of Death Valley

Physical Description: (5"x6 ½")
 

PhotCL 416(8) Greenland Ranch, Death Valley, California. Near mouth of Furnace Creek, 1891

Physical Description: (6"x8 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(9) Mesquite bush in Death Valley, Calif.

Physical Description: (5"x6 ½")
 

PhotCL 416(10) Saratoga Spring-Death Valley. Looking Northwest

Physical Description: (5"x7 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(11) 6. 60 Stamp Mill at Dagget, Calif.

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(12) Pilot Knob, Calif. from the north. From point on road to Leach Point [sp.?] valley

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(13) W.C. Burnett, Correspondent of the San Francisco Examiner-with D.V. Expedition. W.C.B. [8?],

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(14) Bailey's Camp at Saratoga Springs, Death Valley, Calif., Jan. 1891 ('Old Jim [a horse] in foreground) W.C.B. 9,

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(15) Indian Pictographs on Rocks near Saratoga Springs, Death Valley, Calif. W.C.B. 11,

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(16) Nelson & Bailey with pack outfit en route from Saratoga Spgs to Resting Spgs. Calif. Feb. 1891 W.C.B. 12,

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(17) Amargosa Borax Works-abandoned-on Amargosa River, Calif. W.C.B. 13,

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(18) 'Breaking Camp' at Resting Spgs. Feb. 1891. W.C.B. 13 ½ ,

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(19) 'Charlie' subchief of Paiutes & slayer of 'Old Horse Shootin'[sp.?] Ash Meadows, Nev. Mar. 91 W.C.B. 20,

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(20) Sulphate of Magnesium beds near Watkin's Ranch, Ash Meadows, Nev. W.C.B. 21,

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(21) The camp at Resting Springs, Calif. Feb 1891 TSP near tent. W.C.B. 23,

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(22) Paiute 'Mary' of Ash Meadows, Nev. W.C.B. 25,

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(23) Prof. T.S. Palmer being barbered by a barbarian barber ("Mary" Piaute Squaw) Ash Meadows, Nev., Mch 1891.

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(24) T.S.P. Ash Meadows, Nev., Mar. 1891. Photographed by W.C. Burnett.

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(25) Specimen of large lizard, Sceloponis Magister. Photographed at Ash Meadows, Nev. Mar. 1891

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(26) The camp at Watkin's Place, Ash Meadows, Nev. The residence of the "Duke [a dog] of Ash Meadows" 1891.

Physical Description: (6"x8 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(27) The Salt Marsh in Death Valley, Calif. Looking north from the salt bridge. W.C.B. 30,

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(28) 41, South Entrance to Panamint Valley, Inyo Co., California

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(29) Panamint Indian Camp in Johnson Canon- Panamint Mts., Calif. W.C.B. 43,

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(30) Indian "Pictures' on rocks in Emigrant Canon Panamint Mts., Calif 1891

Physical Description: (6"x8 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(31) Telescope Peak, Calif. from an altitude of 10,000 feet The highest peak in the Panamint Mts. W.C.B. 44,

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(32) Salt Marsh near Hot Springs, Panamint Valley, Calif Argus Mts. in the background. W.C.B. 49,

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(33) Owens Lake, Calif. looking N.W. High Sierra in background W.C.B. 51,

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(34) Main street in Keeler, Calif. 1891 Looking S.W. from point n. of depot C&C RR W.C.B. 52

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(35) [caption] Signal Station Keeler Inyo Co., Calif. H.E. Wilkinson O[can't make out rest of word]

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(36) Meteorological Station, Keeler, Calif. 1891 W.C.B. 54,

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(37) 'String Team' coming up the wash on road from Keeler to Darwin, Calif. W.C.B. 63,

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(38) View in Shepherd Canon, Argus Mts., Calif. W.C.B. 67,

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(39) Echinocactus wislizeni in Shepherd Canon at entrance into Panamint Valley Calif. W.C.B. 74,

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(40) 77, Grave at south end of Panamint Valley, Calif. Near forks of road to Death Valley.

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(41) Lone Willow Spring, Calif. W.C.B. 85,

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(42) Old Tanks below Lone Willow Spg. Calif. The rendez-vous of the two parties of the D.V. expedition January 13, 1891 W.C.B. 87,

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(43) 'The Tanks"-six miles south of Lone Willow Spring, Calif. W.C.B. 89,

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(44) Monument marking line between San Bernardino & Inyo Counties, Calif. In south end of Panamint Valley W.C.B. 96,

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(45) 97. Hill near Granite Wells, Mohave Desert, Calif. [Hill near Granite Springs pencilled in, different hand]

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(46) Darwin, Calif.-From point on road to Maturango Spg. (or Keeler?) W.C.B. 98,

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(47) Stone Building near Lone Willow Spring, Calif. W.C.B. 99,

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(48) Grave near south end of Death Valley, Calif. (German who died of thirst near Salt Wells.) W.C.B. 100,

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(49) Camp at Lone Pine, Calif June 1891

Physical Description: (5"x6 ½")
 

PhotCL 416(50) [caption] Vernon Bailey, Dr. C. Hart Merriam, T.S. Palmer, Dr. A.K Fisher Lone Pine, Owens Valley, California June 13, 1891

Physical Description: (10"x7 ¼)
 

PhotCL 416(51) Going into camp-Sierras 1891 1. Indian Mike, 2. E. W. Nelson, 3. Fred Feustou, 4. Tie[Tic?] Sing

Physical Description: (6"x8 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(52) The Sierras-looking NW from a point 2 miles south of Lone Pine, Cal-Alabama Hills in foreground. 1891

Physical Description: (6"x8 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(53) #32 Little Owens Lake, Inyo Co. Calif -From the South

Physical Description: (6"x8 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(54) Indian 'Wickiup' Grapevine Mts. Calif

Physical Description: (5"x7 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(55) Basaltic Cliff-Upper San Joaquin River. (North Fork?), Calif.

Physical Description: (6"x8 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(56) 53 Basaltic Cliff-Upper San Joaquin River (North Fork?) Calif. 1891

Physical Description: (6"x8 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(57) Alpine Lake. High Sierra-near head of Owen or San Joaquin Rivers, Cal 1891

Physical Description: (6"x8 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(58) Alpine Lake. head of Owen River, Calif. 1891

Physical Description: (6"x8 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(59) [caption] Whitney Meadows. Near Bailey's Camp. 1891

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(60) [caption] "Log Camp." 1891. Inscription: Dutcher's Log Camp in High Sierra near Mt. Whitney 1891

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(61) [caption] West Range from East Range, across Kern Basin, 1891

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(62) [caption] Sources of the Kern 1891

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(63) [caption] Tree at Timberline 11,000 feet, 1891

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(64) [caption] Horse-shoe and Timberline. Head Big Cottonwood 1891

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(65) [caption] Timberline. Head of Big Cottonwood 1891

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(66) [caption] Lakes, head of Big Cottonwood, 1891

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(67) [caption] Cliffs, near Mt. Whitney

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(68) [caption] Lake and Ridge, near Whitney, 1891

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(69) Timberline in the High Sierra-looking N.E. from the "80 acres" near head of Whitney Creek, Calif 1-Old Mt. Whitney = Mt. Corcoran 1891

Physical Description: (6"x8 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(70) [caption] Slope Exposure. SE & NE Slopes, west of (camp) 1891

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(71) [caption] Monument Summit of Whitney, 1891

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(72) [caption] Looking West, across Summit of Whitney, 1891

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(73) [caption] Looking Southwest, across Summit of Whitney, 1891

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(74) Mesquite Well, Death Valley. Also shadow of the artist (John R. Spears) Dec. 1891

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 416(75) Funeral Mts from Mesquite Well, Death Valley, Calif. John R. Spears, Dec. 1891

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 417(76) Funeral Mts from Rancho in Death Valley, Calif. John R. Spears, Dec. 1891

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 417(77) Mushroom Rock. Death Valley 5 or 6 miles below (south of) Furnace Creek on each side of valley. John R. Spears, Dec. 1891

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼") [Similar photo appears in the Chronicle]
 

PhotCL 417(78) Looking north Death Valley, Calif. John R. Spears, Dec. 1891

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 417(79) Every canon has a tin (can) lining. Death Valley, Calif. John R. Spears, Dec. 1891

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 417(80) In Furnace Creek Canon Calif. John R. Spears, Dec. 1891

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 417(81) Gage in Furnace Creek Canon Calif. John R. Spears, Dec. 1891

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 417(82) Gage in Furnace Creek Canon, Death Valley, Calif. John R. Spears, Dec. 1891

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 417(83) Gage in Furnace Creek Canon, Death Valley, Calif. John R. Spears, Dec. 1891

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 417(84) Gage in Furnace Creek Canon, Death Valley, Calif. John R. Spears, Dec. 1891

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 417(85) A mountain of crude borax (the white sided wedge shaped mt. with brown crest), in Furnace Creek Canon, Death Valley, 2 ½ miles above the Ranch. John R. Spears, Dec. 1891 [illus.]

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 417(86) Clay buttes east of borax works Death Valley, Calif. John R. Spears Dec. 1891

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")
 

PhotCL 417(87) Clay buttes Death Valley, Calif. John R. Spears, Dec. 1891

Physical Description: (4"x5 ¼")