Register of the United Nations Conference on International Organization Proceedings

Finding aid prepared by Brandon Burke, Lisa Miller and Jim Sam.
Hoover Institution Archives
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA, 94305-6010
(650) 723-3563
archives@hoover.stanford.edu
© 2010, 2012


Title: United Nations Conference on International Organization Proceedings
Date: 1945
Collection Number: 47026
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Material: English
Physical Description: 2 manuscript boxes, 1 envelope, 4 phonorecord boxes (2.25 linear feet)
Abstract: This collection contains sound recordings of conference proceedings recorded by the National Broadcasting Company (NBC), photographs and contact sheets depicting delegates and scenes at the conference, and printed copies of the Charter of the United Nations.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Creator: United Nations Conference on International Organization (1945 : San Francisco, Calif.)

Access

Boxes 3-6 closed. Use copies of the sound recordings in boxes 3-5 are available.
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], United Nations Conference on International Organization Proceedings, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1947.

Accruals

Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Alternative Forms of Material Available

Access copies of the sound recordings are available.

Related Materials

Sound Recordings from the NBC Radio Collection, Motion Picture, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound Division, Library of Congress
Charles Easton Rothwell papers, Hoover Institution Archives
Ivan S. Kerno papers, Hoover Institution Archives
J. Rafael Oreamuno interview, Hoover Institution Archives
Harold H. Fisher papers, Hoover Institution Archives
Charles F. Darlington papers, Hoover Institution Archives
Carter L. Burgess papers, Hoover Institution Archives
John Wesley Masland papers, Hoover Institution Archives
America's Town Meeting of the Air sound recording, Hoover Institution Archives
South Africa Delegation to the United Nations Conference on International Organization proposal, Hoover Institution Archives
Commonwealth Club of California records, Hoover Institution Archives
Preparatory Commission of the United Nations records, Hoover Institution Archives
Bruce T. Mitchell collection, Hoover Institution Archives
G. William Gahagan Papers, Hoover Institution Archives
United States Foreign Broadcast Intelligence Service miscellaneous records, Hoover Institution Archives

Historical Note

The United Nations Conference on International Organization was convened in San Francisco from 25 April to 26 June 1945. Fifty nations participated in the conference at the invitation of the four sponsoring governments, the United States, the United Kingdom, the USSR, and China. The four sponsors invited to the conference those nations that had entered into a state of war against one or more of the Axis powers and that adhered to the Declaration by United Nations of January 1, 1942. Forty-two nations accepted the invitation, and after the conference began, Argentina, Denmark, the Belarussian Soviet Socialist Republic, and the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic were admitted. Poland was not present, but space on the Charter was reserved for the signature of a representative of Poland. The U.S. government paid the expenses of the conference, which were less than 2 million dollars.
More than 3,500 conference delegates and staff members assembled in San Francisco for the conference. Thirty hotels and three clubs provided housing and offices, while the Veterans Building and the Opera House were used for the conference's central activities. More than 2,500 representatives of the press, radio, and newsreels covered the conference.
The conference considered four areas, consisting of the Dumbarton Oaks plan, suggested amendments to the plan, a draft addition to the plan providing for a trusteeship system for dependent areas, and preliminary studies on the creation of an International Court of Justice.
The conference began with eight plenary sessions held in public. At these opening sessions, the chairmen of the delegations of the sponsoring powers, followed by the chairmen of the other delegations, addressed the conference. During this time the conference's organization and work plan were determined. The charter was divided into four sections for consideration by four commissions, which in turn divided the work among multiple technical committees. The commissions and technical committees began their assignments as the opening sessions wrapped up. As the technical committees completed their work they submitted reports to the commissions, which pulled them together into commission reports, which were submitted to the Coordination Committee, which prepared the text of the charter as a whole.
The Charter of the United Nations, together with the Statute of the International Court of Justice, was presented and adopted unanimously at the ninth plenary session on 25 June 1945. A signing ceremony was on June 26 and lasted all day. Afterwards a closing session was held, with speeches by the president of the United States, the chairmen of the delegations of the sponsoring powers, and chairmen of five other delegations--Brazil, Czechoslovakia, Mexico, Saudi Arabia, and South Africa--chosen to represent the diversity of nationalities and geographic areas. The charter entered into force, in accordance with its Article 110, paragraph 3, on 24 October 1945, following the deposit of the instruments of ratification of the five permanent members of the Security Council and a majority of all other signatories.
Five official languages--Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish--were recognized at the conference, but only English and French were used as working languages and all documents were issued in both. More than one hundred people translated documents and interpreted discussions. Speeches made in English were interpreted into French and vice versa, and speeches in other languages were interpreted into English and French.
In terms of administrative organization, the Conference in Plenary Session was the highest authority at the conference. It was responsible for final votes and adopting the text of the charter. The senior members of the delegations of the four sponsoring governments presided in rotation over the plenary sessions.
Four general committees were established under the plenary level. In recognition of the host country, the conference asked the chairman of the U.S. delegation to chair the Steering and Executive Committees.
The Steering Committee considered major questions of policy and procedure and distributed work to the committees. The committee had fifty members, consisting of the chairman of each national delegation.
The Executive Committee was a smaller unit that made recommendations to the Steering Committee; it was composed of the chairmen of fourteen delegations. These fourteen represented the four sponsoring governments and the ten co-elected members.
The Coordination Committee assisted the Executive Committee and supervised the final drafting of the charter. It was composed of representatives of the fourteen delegations previously mentioned. An Advisory Committee of Jurists provided assistance to this committee.
The Credentials Committee verified the credentials of delegates and was composed of representatives from six delegations.
Below the committee level, four general commissions studied the main issues and coordinated the work of twelve technical committees. The technical committees drafted proposals and could designate subcommittees as needed. The leadership of the commissions and technical committees consisted of a chairman and a rapporteur; these positions were divided among all of the national delegations. The Steering Committee nominated delegates for these positions, with approval by the conference.
Commission I studied general provisions and managed the work of Technical Committee 1 (preamble, purposes and principles) and Technical Committee 2 (membership, amendment and secretariat).
Commission II focused on the general assembly. It coordinated the work of Technical Committee 1 (structure and procedures), Technical Committee 2 (political and security functions), Technical Committee 3 (economic and social cooperation) and Technical Committee 4 (trusteeship system).
Commission III considered the security council. It oversaw the work of Technical Committee 1 (structure and procedures), Technical Committee 2 (peaceful settlement), Technical Committee 3 (enforcement arrangements) and Technical Committee 4 (regional arrangements).
Commission IV studied judicial organization. Its committees were Technical Committee 1 (international court of justice) and Technical Committee 2 (legal problems).
A Secretariat provided general administration to the conference. It prepared agenda and working papers for discussion, compiled minutes and records of meetings, and provided the array of standard services required by any international conference.
More than five thousand documents were considered at the conference; the primary ones were published as Documents of the United Nations Conference on International Organization, San Francisco, Volumes I to XX, 1945-1954.

Scope and Content of Collection

This collection contains sound recordings of conference proceedings recorded by the National Broadcasting Company (NBC), photographs and contact sheets depicting delegates and scenes at the conference, and printed copies of the Charter of the United Nations.
The Subject file includes a packet of documents issued to conference attendees, a chart illustrating the proposed structure of the United Nations, a broadside copy of the United Nations Charter featuring replica signatures of the delegates, and a hardbound copy of the 1945 United Nations Charter with translations in French, Chinese, Russian, and Spanish.
The photographs and contact sheets are largely credited to Ralph Crane, Ralph McAvoy, and Peter Stackpole of Life Photo; one is credited to Green Park Studios of London. Scenes and persons depicted include: Posed and candid portraits of delegates and conference attendees; the opening, plenary, and committee sessions; the signing of the UN Charter; The San Francisco War Memorial Opera House; Herbst Theatre; Union Square; and The Hoover Institution (visited by many of the delegates).
The sound recordings are instantaneous lacquer discs documenting conference proceedings including plenary sessions, committee meetings, the arrival of President Truman, and the signing of the UN Charter. The Hoover Institution Archives digitized the discs in 2009-2010. Access copies of these recordings are available in the Hoover Archives Reading Room.
The Motion Picture, Broadcasting, and Recorded Sound Division at the Library of Congress has a related set of NBC news radio broadcasts documenting the conference. The collections at Hoover and the Library of Congress are neither identical nor wholly individual. Instead, they overlap somewhat and complement each other, the materials at Hoover being recordings of actual conference proceedings, while the recordings at the Library of Congress contain more reporting and analysis by NBC News staff. Researchers interested in the Sound Recordings from the NBC Radio Collection at the Library of Congress can visit their Recorded Sound Reference Center website [http://www.loc.gov/rr/record/] for more information.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

National Broadcasting Company, Inc.
United Nations
Phonorecords.
Photographs.

Box: 1

Subject file 1945

Scope and Contents note

Includes a packet of documents issued to conference attendees, a chart illustrating the proposed structure of the United Nations, a broadside copy of the United Nations Charter, and a hardbound copy of the 1945 United Nations Charter with translations in French, Chinese, Russian, and Spanish
Box: 1

"Charter of the United Nations and Salute of the International Court of Justice," 1945

Scope and Contents note

Includes translations in French, Chinese, Russian, and Spanish
Box: 1

Charter of the United Nations, 1945

Scope and Contents note

Broadside large-form presentation of the Charter. Includes replica signatures of delegates. Double-sided
Box: 1

Chart of the United Nations as Proposed at Dumbarton Oaks, 1945

Scope and Contents note

Broadside chart published by the U.S. Department of State depicting relationships between the varying offices and departments within the United Nations
Photographs 2, Photographs mE

Photographs 1945

Scope and Contents note

Photographic prints and contact sheets depicting conference attendees and scenes from the conference.
Box/Folder: 2 : 1

21 photos and contact sheets

Box/Folder: 2 : 2

13 photos and contact sheets

Box/Folder: 2 : 3

11 photos and contact sheets

Box/Folder: 2 : 4

16 photos and contact sheets

Box/Folder: 2 : 5

18 photos and contact sheets

Box/Folder: 2 : 6

21 photos and contact sheets

Box/Folder: 2 : 7

17 photos and contact sheets

Box/Folder: 2 : 8

16 photos and contact sheets

Box/Folder: 2 : 9

12 photos and contact sheets

Box/Folder: 2 : 10

15 photos and contact sheets

Box/Folder: 2 : 11

16 photos and contact sheets

Envelope: mE

Oversize photographs

Box: 3-6

National Broadcasting Company sound recordings of proceedings 1945

Scope and Contents note

Instantaneous disc recordings of NBC news coverage of the conference's plenary sessions, committee meetings, and the signing of the UN Charter. 146 phonorecords. Boxes 3-6 closed, digital use copies of boxes 3-5 available.
Note: The item titles in this series are taken from the labels on the discs themselves, presumably committed by NBC Radio at the time the discs were cut. Consequently, the dates included in each title reflect the dates the recordings were aired (or meant for air) and not the dates the respective Conference sessions actually occurred.
Box: 3

NBC sound recording of the UN Conference opening session on 25 April 1945. Presiding: Edward R Stettinius, Jr.; Speakers: United States President Harry S. Truman, California Governor Earl Warren, San Francisco Mayor Rodger D. Lapham, Secretary Stettinius

Box: 3

NBC sound recording of the signing of the UN Charter on 26 June 1945. NBC coverage of the signing of the United Nations charter and comments by each nation"s delegation. The nations in order: China, Soviet Union, United Kingdom, Argentina, France, Uruguay, Australia, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Belarus S.S.R., Chile, Costa Rica, Canada, Columbia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Czechoslovakia, Egypt, El Salvador, Denmark, Ethiopia, Greece, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iraq, Lebanon, Luxembourg, Iran, Liberia, the Netherlands, Mexico, Norway, New Zealand, Nicaragua, United States, Paraguay, Peru, Saudi Arabia, Panama, Philippines, South Africa, Turkey, Syria, Venezuela, Yugoslavia, and Guatemala. Ukrainian S.S.R. is mentioned but a delegate speaking is not part of the recording

Box: 3

NBC sound recording of the first plenary session on 26 April 1945. Presiding: Edward R. Stettinius, Jr. Speakers: Joaquin Fernández y Fernández of Chile, T.V. Soong of China, V.M. Molotov of the Soviet Union, and Anthony Eden of the United Kingdom

Box: 3

NBC sound recording of the second plenary session on 27 April 1945. Presiding: Edward R. Stettinius, Jr. Speakers: Guillermo Belt Ramirez of Cuba, Francis M. Forde of Australia, Paul-Henri Spaak of Belgium, Victor Andrade of Bolivia, Pedro Leao Velloso of Brazil, and W.L. MacKenzie King of Canada

Box: 3

NBC sound recording of the third plenary session on 28 April 1945. Presiding: T.V. Soong of China. Speakers: Jan Masaryk of Czechoslovakia, Abdel Hamid Badawi Pasha of Egypt, Julian R. Caceres of Honduras, Sir A. Ramaswami Mudaliar of India, Mostafa Adl of Iran, Eelco N. Van Kleffens of the Netherlands, and the chairman of the delegation from Lebanon

Box: 3

NBC sound recording of the fourth plenary session on 28 April 1945. Presiding: V.M. Molotov. Speakers: Hector David Castro of El Salvador, John Sofianopoulos of Greece, Carlos P. Romulo of the Philippines, and Jose Serrato of Uruguay. Includes a segment where the session is interrupted by news of surrender of some German troops

Box: 3

NBC sound recording of the fifth plenary session on 30 April 1945. Presiding: Edward R. Stettinius, Jr. Speakers: Joseph Bech, Guillermo Belt Ramirez, Jan Christian Smuts, Blatta Ephrem Tewelde Medhen, Georges Bidault, Guillermo Toriello, Gerard E. Lescot, Arshad Al-Omari, C.L. Simpson, and Hasan Saka. Session concerns Argentina

Box: 3

NBC sound recording of the final plenary session on 26 June 1945. Presiding: Edward R. Stettinius, Jr. Speakers: V.K. Wellington Koo, Andrei A. Gromyko, The Earl of Halifax, Joseph Paul-Boncour, Pedro Leao Velloso, Jan Masaryk, Ezequiel Padilla, Amir Faisal Ibn Abdul Aziz, Jan Christian Smuts, and Harry S. Truman

Box: 3

NBC sound recording of the ninth plenary session on 25 June 1945. Presiding: The Earl of Halifax. Speakers: Hugues le Gallais, Francisco A. Delgado, Andrei A. Gromyko, Ricardo J. Alfaro, Celso R. Velasquez, Caracciolo Parra-Perez, Guillermo Belt Ramirez, Edward R. Stettinius, Jr, and Alger Hiss

Box: 3

NBC sound recording of President Truman arriving at Hamilton Field on 25 Jun 1945. President Truman arrives at Hamilton Field to a formal ceremony. He has come to San Francisco to sign the United Nations charter. Includes coverage of Truman visiting wounded soldiers

Box: 3

NBC sound recording of the recognition of the secretariat on 23 June 1945. Presiding: Edward R. Stettinius, Jr.; V.K. Wellington Koo; Andrei A. Gromyko; The Earl of Halifax; and Alger Hiss. The co-presidents of the conference give their thoughts and thanks to all the participants of the conference

Box: 3

NBC sound recording of the proceedings of commission 1, committees 1 and 2 on 23 June 1945. Presiding: Henri Rolin. Speakers: Francisco A. Delgado, Herbert Vere Evatt

Box: 4

NBC sound recording of the proceedings of commission 2, committees 1 and 2 on 21 June 1945. Presiding: Jan Christian Smuts Speakers: a delegate from Peru, Herbert Vere Evatt, Victor Andrade, Ali Akbar Siassi, Raoul Aglion, V.K. Wellington Koo, a delegate from Uruguay, Henri Rolin, C.K. Webster, a delegate from Colombia, Adly Bey Andrawes, Jose Maza, and Luis Padilla Nervo

Box: 4

NBC sound recording of the second session of commission 3, committees 1 and 3 on 20 June 1945. Presiding: Wilhelm Munthe Morgenstierne. Speakers: Alexander Loudon, Alberto Lleras Camargo, Victor Andres Belaunde, Peter Fraser, Sir A. Ramaswami Mudaliar, Hector David Castro, John Sofianopoulos, Joseph Paul-Boncour, Ato Ambaye Wolde Marian, Hugh H. Wrong, and Denis Capel-Dunn. Several delegations passionately comment on veto power in the Security Council

Box: 4

NBC sound recording of the first session of commission 3, committee 1 on 20 June 1945. Presiding: Wilhelm Munthe Morgenstierne. Speakers: Hoctor David Castro, Alfonso Garcia Robles, Abdel Hamid Badawi Pasha, Herbert Vere Evatt, Senator Tom Connally, a delegate from Cuba, Grayson Kirk. Program concerns the Security Council

Box: 4

NBC sound recording of the proceedings of commission 2, committee 4 on 20 June 1945. Presiding: Jan Christian Smuts. Speakers: Alexander Loudon, Emile Naggiar, Fadhil Al-Jamali, Francis Michael Forde, Carlos P. Romulo, Lord Cranborne, Auguste de Schryver, Mohamed Awad of Egypt, Harold E. Stassen, and Peter Fraser

Box: 4

NBC sound recording of the proceedings of the second session of commission 1, committees 1 and 2 on 19 June 1945. Presiding: Henri Rolin. Speakers: Malcolm Davis, Alfredo Machado Hernandez, a delegate from Greece, a delegate from France, Peter Fraser, Bertha Lutz, Cemil Bilsel, L.B. Pearson, and Hector Paysse Reyes

Box: 4

NBC sound recording of the proceedings of the first session of commission 1, committees 1 and 2 on 19 June 1945. Presiding: Henri Rolin. Speakers: Hector Paysse Reyes, Fernand de Housse, Charles A. Eaton, Lord Cranborne, Malcolm Davis, Luis Quintanilla, Joseph Paul-Boncour on the problems of the League of Nations, Herbert Vere Evatt, A. V. Palladin, Kuzma Kisilev, James C. Dunn, Jose Serrato, and Francisco Villagran. Program concerns Franco's Spain and membership in the United Nations

Box: 4

NBC sound recording of the proceedings of the sixth plenary session on 01 May 1945. Presiding: Edward R. Stettinius, Jr. Speakers: Joseph Bech of the credentials committee, Guillermo Belt Ramirez of the steering committee, Jan Christian Smuts of South Africa, Blatta Ephrem Tewelde Medhen of Ethiopia, Georges Bidault, Guillermo Toriello of Guatemala, Gerard E. Lescot of Haiti, Arshad Al-Omari of Iraq, C.L. Simpson of Liberia, Hasan Saka of Turkey

Box: 5

NBC sound recording of the proceedings of commission 3, committee 2 on 18 June 1945. Presiding: Wilhelm Munthe Morgenstierne. Speakers: G.P. Arkadiev, Herbert Vere Evatt, and Comm. Harold E. Stassen, USNR

Box: 5

NBC sound recording of the proceedings of commission 4, committees 1 and 2 on 15 June 1945. Presiding: Carraciolo Parra Perez. Speakers: Manuel Gallagher, Nasarat Al-Farisi, a delegate from Iran, Herbert Vere Evatt, Abdel Hamid Badawi Pasha, and Mariano Arguello Vargas

Box: 5

NBC sound recording of the proceedings of commission 1, committee 1 on 14 June 1945. Presiding: Henri Rolin. Speakers: Francisco Delgado, Barnard College Dean Virginia C. Gildersleeve, Malcolm Davis, a delegate from Egypt, The Earl of Halifax, Ricardo J. Alfaro, Comm. Harold E. Stassen, USNR, and Hector Paysse Reyes. Concerns the preamble of the Charter

Box: 5

NBC sound recording of the proceedings of commission 1, committee 1 on 15 June 1945. Presiding: Henri Rolin. Speakers: Malcolm Davis, Victor Andres Belaunde of Peru, Hanna Saba speaks about police powers and the use of force, a delegate from Colombia, Dean Virginia C. Gildersleeve of the Socialist Soviet Republic (speaking on the Yalta agreement), The Viscount Cranborne, Herbert Vere Evatt (responds to Cranborne), Ricardo J. Alfaro, and Peter Fraser

Box: 5

NBC sound recording of the proceedings of commission 3, committee 4 on 13 June 1945. Presiding: Wilhelm Munthe Morgenstierne. Speakers: V.K. Wellington Koo (presents committee report), Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg, Francisco Castillo Najera, Carraciolo Parra Perez of Venezuela, Abdel Hamid Badawi Pasha, and Joseph Paul-Boncour. Before the committee proceedings start, an NBC reporter describes the physical setting and comments on what is expected to take place that day

Box: 5

NBC sound recording of the proceedings of commission 3, committee 3 on 12 June 1945. Presiding: Wilhelm Munthe Morgenstierne. Speakers: Joseph Paul-Boncour, a delegate from France, Senator Tom Connally, Grayson Kirk

Box: 5

NBC sound recording of the proceedings of commission 2, committee 3 on 11 June 1945. Presiding: Jan Christian Smuts. Speakers: G. Myrddin Evans, Bertha Lutz (on the role of women in the conference), Miss Wu Yi-fang, Herbert Vere Evatt (on women"s rights and how economic conditions relate to war), a delegate from France (speaks on the mission of the council), Dean Virginia C. Gildersleeve, Emilio A. Godoy, and Alger Hiss. Program concerns economic and social issues

Box: 5

NBC sound recording of the proceedings of commission 4, committees 1 and 2 on 19 May 1945. Presiding: Carraciolo Parra Perez. Speakers: Manuel Gallagher, Nasarat Al-Farisi, Abdel Hamid Badawi Pasha, Mariano Aguella Vargas, and Emanual Abraham. Programs concerns the international court of justice and other legal problems

Box: 5

NBC sound recording of the proceedings of commission 2, committees 1 on 30 May 1945. Presiding: Jan Christian Smuts. Speakers: Kuzma Kisilev, a delegate from the Netherlands, Herbert Vere Evatt, V.M. Molotov, Victor de Laveleye, and K.V. Novikov. Program concerns the structure and procedure of the general assembly

Box: 5

NBC sound recording of the proceedings of the eighth plenary session on 2 May 1945. Presiding: V.M. Molotov of the Soviet Union. Speakers: Alger Hiss of the United States, Ezequiel Padilla of Mexico, Trygve Lie of Norway, Mariano Arguello Vargas of Nicaragua (eulogizes Franklin D. Roosevelt), Roberto Jimenez of Panama, Manuel Gallagher of Peru, Faris Al-Khoury of Syria, Ivan Subasic of Yugoslavia

Box: 5

NBC sound recording of the proceedings of the seventh plenary session on 1 May 1945. Presiding: T.V. Soong. Speakers: Guillermo Belt Ramirez of Cuba, Joseph Bech of Luxembourg, Peter Fraser of New Zealand (eulogizes Franklin D. Roosevelt), and Carracido Parra Perez

Box: 6

Various broken NBC sound recordings proceedings.