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Register of the United Nations Conference on International Organization proceedings
47026  
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Table of contents What's This?

Box 1

Subject File, 1945

Scope and Contents note

Includes a packet of documents issued to conference attendees, a chart illustrating the proposed structure of the United Nations, a broadside copy of the United Nations Charter, and a hardbound copy of the 1945 United Nations Charter with translations in French, Chinese, Russian, and Spanish.
 

"Charter of the United Nations and Salute of the International Court of Justice"

Scope and Contents note

Includes translations in French, Chinese, Russian, and Spanish.
 

Charter of the United Nations

Scope and Contents note

Broadside large-form presentation of the Charter. Includes replica signatures of delegates. Double-sided.
 

Chart of the United Nations as Proposed at Dumbarton Oaks

Scope and Contents note

Broadside chart published by the U.S. Department of State depicting relationships between the varying offices and departments within the United Nations.
Box 2, Envelope mE

Photographs, 1945

Scope and Contents note

Photographic prints and contact sheets depicting conference attendees and scenes from the conference.
Box/Folder 2 : 1

21 photos and contact sheets

Box/Folder 2 : 2

13 photos and contact sheets

Box/Folder 2 : 3

11 photos and contact sheets

Box/Folder 2 : 4

16 photos and contact sheets

Box/Folder 2 : 5

18 photos and contact sheets

Box/Folder 2 : 6

21 photos and contact sheets

Box/Folder 2 : 7

17 photos and contact sheets

Box/Folder 2 : 8

16 photos and contact sheets

Box/Folder 2 : 9

12 photos and contact sheets

Box/Folder 2 : 10

15 photos and contact sheets

Box/Folder 2 : 11

16 photos and contact sheets

Envelope mE

Oversize photographs

Boxes 3-6

National Broadcasting Company sound recordings of proceedings, 1945

Scope and Contents note

Instantaneous disc recordings of NBC news coverage of the conference's plenary sessions, committee meetings, and the signing of the UN Charter. 146 sound lacquer discs. Boxes 3-6 closed; digital use copies of boxes 3-5 available.
Note: The item titles in this series are taken from the labels on the discs themselves, presumably committed by NBC Radio at the time the discs were cut. Consequently, the dates included in each title reflect the dates the recordings were aired (or meant for air) and not the dates the respective conference sessions actually occurred.
The Conference in Plenary Session was the highest authority at the conference. It was responsible for final votes and adopting the text of the charter. The senior members of the delegations of the four sponsoring governments presided in rotation over the plenary sessions.
Commission I studied general provisions and managed the work of Technical Committee 1 (preamble, purposes and principles) and Technical Committee 2 (membership, amendment and secretariat).
Commission II focused on the general assembly. It coordinated the work of Technical Committee 1 (structure and procedures), Technical Committee 2 (political and security functions), Technical Committee 3 (economic and social cooperation) and Technical Committee 4 (trusteeship system).
Commission III considered the security council. It oversaw the work of Technical Committee 1 (structure and procedures), Technical Committee 2 (peaceful settlement), Technical Committee 3 (enforcement arrangements) and Technical Committee 4 (regional arrangements).
Commission IV studied judicial organization. Its committees were Technical Committee 1 (international court of justice) and Technical Committee 2 (legal problems).
Box 3, tape cabinet

Opening session, 1945 April 25

Scope and Contents note

Presiding: Edward R Stettinius Jr.
Speakers: United States President Harry S. Truman, California Governor Earl Warren, San Francisco Mayor Rodger D. Lapham, Secretary Stettinius.
Part 1 is unavailable due to the source reel being broken.
Box 3

First plenary session, 1945 April 26

Scope and Contents note

Presiding: Edward R. Stettinius Jr.
Speakers: Joaquin Fernandez y Fernandez of Chile, T. V. Soong of China, V. M. Molotov of the Soviet Union, and Anthony Eden of the United Kingdom.
Box 3

Second plenary session, 1945 April 27

Scope and Contents note

Presiding: Edward R. Stettinius Jr.
Speakers: Guillermo Belt Ramirez of Cuba, Francis M. Forde of Australia, Paul-Henri Spaak of Belgium, Victor Andrade of Bolivia, Pedro Leao Velloso of Brazil, and W. L. MacKenzie, King of Canada.
Box 3

Third plenary session, 1945 April 28

Scope and Contents note

Presiding: T. V. Soong of China.
Speakers: Jan Masaryk of Czechoslovakia, Abdel Hamid Badawi Pasha of Egypt, Julian R. Caceres of Honduras, Sir A. Ramaswami Mudaliar of India, Mostafa Adl of Iran, Eelco N. Van Kleffens of the Netherlands, and the chairman of the delegation from Lebanon.
Box 3

Fourth plenary session, 1945 April 28

Scope and Contents note

Presiding: V. M. Molotov.
Speakers: Hector David Castro of El Salvador, John Sofianopoulos of Greece, Carlos P. Romulo of the Philippines, and Jose Serrato of Uruguay.
This recording includes a segment where the session is interrupted by (premature) news of Germany's surrender.
Boxes 3, 6

Fifth plenary session, 1945 April 30

Scope and Contents note

Concerns Argentina.
Presiding: Edward R. Stettinius Jr.
Speakers: Joseph Bech, Guillermo Belt Ramirez, Jan Christian Smuts, Blatta Ephrem Tewelde Medhen, Georges Bidault, Guillermo Toriello, Gerard E. Lescot, Arshad Al-Omari, C. L. Simpson, and Hasan Saka.
Part 11 is unavailable due to the source disc being cracked.
Box 4

Sixth plenary session, 1945 May 1

Scope and Contents note

Presiding: Edward R. Stettinius Jr, who often asks the conference to recognize wounded American soldiers visiting the conference.
Joseph Bech reports on work of the credentials committee. Guillermo Belt Ramirez reports on the work of the steering committee. Jan Christian Smuts of South Africa speaks on the impact of war, outlines the need for international organization, and calls for the charter to be a declaration of human rights. Blatta Ephrem Tewelde Medhen of Ethiopia speaks on what is needed to preserve peace in the future. Georges Bidault speaks in French for about twenty minutes. Guillermo Toriello of Guatemala speaks about hopes for the United Nations, peace, and quality of life across the world. Gerard E. Lescot of Haiti speaks. Arshad Al-Omari speaks about Iraq's involvement in the war and its hopes for securing world peace. C. L. Simpson of Liberia offers support to nations that were conquered and liberated during the war and gives thanks to the liberating countries of the war before discussing the Security Council. Hasan Saka of Turkey speaks in French for about fifteen minutes.
Box 5

Seventh plenary session, 1945 May 1

Scope and Contents note

Presiding: T. V. Soong.
Guillermo Belt Ramirez of Cuba speaks on the unification of the world, comparing the United Nations to the United States of America. He calls for complete democracy and equality among the nations within the body and advocates against permanent members in the Security Council.
Joseph Bech of Luxembourg speaks in French.
Peter Fraser of New Zealand eulogizes Franklin D. Roosevelt and hopes for world peace under the United Nations. He praises the work of the Allies during the war, both before and during active fighting. He notes that the Dumbarton Oaks proposal was not sacrosanct and is open for amendment. He worries the powers of the "great powers" will be too large, in effect making the smaller countries' opinions moot. He criticizes the veto power, saying an aggressor nation could use its veto power to cover itself from criticism. He also discusses trusteeship. He concludes calling for economic and social equality.
Carracido Parra Perez speaks in French.
Box 5

Eighth plenary session, 1945 May 2

Scope and Contents note

Presiding: V. M. Molotov of the Soviet Union.
Alger Hiss of the United States speaks about how the conference will proceed, Ezequiel Padilla of Mexico offers his ideal for future international relations and organization, Trygve Lie of Norway speaks about his country and what it hopes for in the organization, Mariano Arguello Vargas of Nicaragua speaks about Franklin D. Roosevelt and his impact on the United Nations, Roberto Jimenez of Panama speaks on the failures of the League of Nations and lists concepts he feels should be central to the organization, Manuel Gallagher of Peru speaks on how to avoid future wars, Faris El-Khouri of Syria speaks about the state of the world, Ivan Subasic of Yugoslavia recounts the experiences of his country during the war and its support of the idea of the United Nations to maintain peace.
Box 5

Proceedings of Commission IV, Committees 1 and 2, 1945 May 19

Scope and Contents note

On the international court of justice and other legal problems.
Presiding: Carraciolo Parra Perez.
Speakers: Manuel Gallagher, Nasarat Al-Farici, Abdel Hamid Badawi Pasha, Mariano Aguella Vargas, and Emanual Abraham.
Box 5

Proceedings of Commission II, Committee 1, 1945 May 30

Scope and Contents note

On structure and procedure of the general assembly.
Presiding: Jan Christian Smuts.
Speakers: Kusma B. Kisilev, a delegate from the Netherlands, Herbert Vere Evatt, V. M. Molotov, Victor de Laveleye, and K. V. Novikov.
Box 5

Proceedings of Commission II, Committee 3, 1945 June 11

Scope and Contents note

On the economic and social council.
Presiding: Jan Christian Smuts.
Speakers: G. Myrddin Evans speaks about how the recent past is important to thoughts about the council, a delegate from the Soviet Union expresses optimistic hope for the impact of the council, Bertha Lutz speaks about the role of women in the conference and gender equality, Miss Wu Yi-fang delivers a "post-script" to the comments of the Soviet delegate, Herbert Vere Evatt speaks on women's rights and how economic conditions relate to war, a delegate from France speaks on the mission of the council, Dean Virginia C. Gildersleeve on education, Emilio A. Godoy on the most important function of the council, and Alger Hiss.
Box 5

Proceedings of Commission III, Committee 3, 1945 June 12

Scope and Contents note

Presiding: Wilhelm Munthe Morgenstierne.
Speakers: Joseph Paul-Boncour, a delegate from France, Senator Tom Connally, Grayson Kirk.
Box 5

Proceedings of Commission III, Committee 4, 1945 June 13

Scope and Contents note

Presiding: Wilhelm Munthe Morgenstierne.
V. K. Wellington Koo presents the committee's report, Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg speaks on regional arrangements and how they relate to global international cooperation, Francisco Castillo Najera, Carraciolo Parra Perez of Venezuela speaks on inter-American international arrangements, Abdel Hamid Badawi Pasha, and Joseph Paul-Boncour.
Before the committee proceedings start, the NBC reporter describes the physical setting and comments on what is expected to take place that day.
Box 5

Proceedings of Commission I, Committee 1, 1945 June 14

Scope and Contents note

Concerns the preamble of the Charter.
Presiding: Henri Rolin.
Speakers: Francisco Delgado, Dean Virginia C. Gildersleeve, Nalcolm Davis, a delegate from Egypt, the Earl of Halifax, Ricardo J. Alfaro, Comm. Harold E Stassen USNR, and Hector Paysse Reyes.
Box 5

Proceedings of Commission I, Committee 1, 1945 June 15

Scope and Contents note

Presiding: Henri Rolin.
Malcolm Davis reads the text of documents before the committee, Victor Andres Belaunde of Peru passionately speaks on the importance of a nation's personality, Hanna Saba speaks about police powers and the use of force, a delegate from Colombia defends his amendment, Dean Virginia C. Gildersleeve, a delegate from Ukranian S.S. Republic on the Yalta agreement, the Viscount Cranborne discusses the proposal of the Ukrainian delegate and the pre-WWII world, Herbert Vere Evatt responds to Cranborne, Ricardo J. Alfaro, and Peter Fraser.
Boxes 5, 6

Proceedings of Commission IV, Committees 1 and 2, 1945 June 15

Scope and Contents note

Presiding: Carraciolo Parra Perez.
Speakers: Manuel Gallagher, Nasarat All-Farici, a delegate from Iran, Herbert Vere Evatt, Abdel Hamid Badawi Pasha, and Mariano Arguello Vargas.
Parts 6 and 8 are unavailable due to the source disc being broken.
Box 5

Proceedings of Commission III, Committee 2, 1945 June 18

Scope and Contents note

Presiding: Wilhelm Munthe Morgenstierne.
Speakers: G. P. Arkadiev, Herbert Vere Evatt, and Comm. Harold E. Stassen USNR.
Box 4

First session of Commission I, Committees 1 and 2, 1945 June 19

Scope and Contents note

Presiding: Henri Rolin.
Speakers: Hector Paysse Reyes, Fernand de Housse, Charles A. Eaton, Lord Cranborne, Malcolm Davis, Luis Quintanilla, Joseph Paul-Boncour on the problems of the League of Nations, Herbert Vere Evatt, Alexander V. Palladin, Kuzma B. Kisilev, James C. Dunn, Jose Serrato, and Francisco Villagran. Concerns Mexico's comments on Franco's Spain and any membership in the United Nations.
Parts 1 and 3 are unavailable due to the source disc being broken.
Boxes 4, 6

Second session of Commission I, Committees 1 and 2, 1945 June 19

Scope and Contents note

Presiding: Henri Rolin.
Speakers: Malcolm Davis, Alfredo Machado Hernandez, a delegate from Greece, a delegate from France, Peter Fraser, Bertha Lutz, Cemil Bilsel, L. B. Pearson, and Hector Paysse Reyes.
Parts 1 and 3 are unavailable due to the source disc being cracked.
Box 4

First session of Commission III, Committee 1, 1945 June 20

Scope and Contents note

Concerns the Security Council.
Presiding: Wilhelm Munthe Morgenstierne.
Speakers: Hector David Castro, Alfonso Garcia Robles, Abdel Hamid Badawi Pasha, Herbert Vere Evatt, Senator Tom Connally, a delegate from Cuba, Grayson Kirk.
Box 4

Second session of Commission III, Committees 1 and 3, 1945 June 20

Scope and Contents note

Presiding: Wilhelm Munthe Morgenstierne.
Speakers: Alexander Loudon, Alberto Lleras Camargo, Victor Andres Belaunde, Peter Fraser, Sir A. Ramaswami Mudaliar, Hector David Castro, John Sofianopoulos, Joseph Paul-Boncour, Ato Ambaye Wolde Marian, Hugh H. Wrong, and Denis Capel-Dunn.
Several delegations passionately comment on the veto power in the Security Council.
Box 4

Proceedings of Commission II, Committee 4, 1945 June 20

Scope and Contents note

Presiding: Jan Christian Smuts.
Speakers: Alexander Loudon, Emile Naggiar, Fadhil Al-Jamali, Francis Michael Forde, Carlos P. Romulo, Lord Cranborne on colonial governance, Auguste de Schryver, Mohamed Awad of Egypt, Harold E. Stassen, and Peter Fraser on independence and interdependence.
Boxes 4, 6

Proceedings of Commission II, Committees 1 and 2, 1945 June 21

Scope and Contents note

Presiding: Jan Christian Smuts.
Speakers: a delegate from Peru, Herbert Vere Evatt, Victor Andrade, Ali Akbar Siassi, Raoul Aglion, V. K. Wellington Koo, a delegate from Uruguay, Henri Rolin, C. K. Webster, a delegate from Colombia, Adly Bey Andrawes, Jose Maza, and Luis Padilla Nervo.
Parts 6 and 8 are unavailable due to the source disc being cracked.
Box 3

Proceedings of Commission I, Committees 1 and 2, 1945 June 23

Scope and Contents note

Presiding: Henri Rolin.
Speakers: Francisco A. Delgado, Herbert Vere Evatt.
Box 3

Recognition of the secretariat, 1945 June 23

Scope and Contents note

The co-presidents of the conference give their thoughts and thanks to all the participants of the conference.
Presiding: Edward R. Stettinius Jr.; V. K. Wellington Koo; Andre A. Gromyko; the Earl of Halifax; and Alger Hiss.
Box 3

Ninth plenary session, 1945 June 25

Scope and Contents note

Presiding: The Earl of Halifax.
Speakers: Hugues Le Gallais, Francisco A. Delgado, Andre A. Gromyko, Ricardo J. Alfaro, Celso R. Velasquez, Caracciolo Parra-Perez, Guillermo Belt Ramirez, Edward R. Stettinius Jr., and Alger Hiss.
Box 3

President Truman arriving at Hamilton Field, 1945 June 25

Scope and Contents note

President Truman arrives at Hamilton Field to a formal ceremony. He came to San Francisco to sign the United Nations charter. Also includes coverage of Truman visiting wounded soldiers.
Box 3

Signing of the United Nations Charter, 1945 June 26

Scope and Contents note

NBC coverage of the signing of the United Nations charter and comments by each nation's delegation.
The nations in order: China, Soviet Union, United Kingdom, Argentina, France, Uruguay, Australia, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Belarus, Chile, Costa Rica, Canada, Columbia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Czechoslovakia, Egypt, El Salvador, Denmark, Ethiopia, Greece, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iraq, Lebanon, Luxembourg, Iran, Liberia, the Netherlands, Mexico, Norway, New Zealand, Nicaragua, United States, Paraguay, Peru, Saudi Arabia, Panama, Philippines, South Africa, Turkey, Syria, Venezuela, Yugoslavia, and Guatemala.
Ukraine is mentioned just before Venezuela, but a Ukrainian delegate is not part of the recording.
Box 3

Final plenary session, 1945 June 26

Scope and Contents note

Presiding: Edward R. Stettinius Jr.
Speakers: V. K. Wellington Koo, A. A. Gromyko, the Earl of Halifax, Joseph Paul-Boncour, Pedro Leao Velloso, Jan Masaryk, Ezequiel Padilla, Amir Faisal Ibn Abdul Aziz, Jan Christian Smuts, and Harry S. Truman.