Register of the Joshua B. Powers collection

Finding aid prepared by Paul Karpuk, revised by Hoover Institution Archives Staff
Hoover Institution Archives
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA, 94305-6003
(650) 723-3563
hooverarchives@stanford.edu
© 2000, 2015


Title: Joshua B. Powers collection
Date (inclusive): 1876-1969
Collection Number: 68026
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Material: English
Physical Description: 7 manuscript boxes, 3 oversize boxes, 1 oversize folder (4.8 linear feet)
Abstract: Correspondence, telegrams, biographies, articles, pamphlets, clippings, writings, photographs, maps, scrapbooks, and memorabilia relating to Homer Lea, military adviser to Sun Yat-sen and author of The Valor of Ignorance, and to the revolutionary movement in China, circa 1900-1920. Includes writings and correspondence of Homer Lea, Ethel Lea, and Joshua B. Powers.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Creator: Powers, Joshua B.
Creator: Lea, Ethel

Access

Collection is open for research.
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Joshua B. Powers collection, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Materials were acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1968.

Accruals

Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Biographical Note

Joshua B. Powers

1892 August 25 Born, Owensboro, Kentucky
1911-1913 Student, University of Texas
1926-1972 Representative, <title render="italic">La Prensa</title>, Buenos Aires, Argentina, and other publications, New York City
  Manager, United Press Association, Buenos Aires; chairman of Joshua B. Powers, Inc.; representative of newspapers in foreign countries
  Recipient, U.S. Cabot award, Columbia University; Commendator Order of Bernardo O'Higgins (Chile); Official Ordem Cruzeiro Do Sul (Brazil); gold medal, Pan American Society
  Author, <emph render="italic">Argentina's New Freedom</emph>

Biographical Note

Homer Lea

1876 November 17 Born, Denver, Colorado
1894-1896 Student, Occidental College, Los Angeles
1897-1900 Student, Stanford University
1900-1901 Lieutenant-General, Imperial Reform Army, China, under Kang Yu Wei, Grand President, Chinese Empire Reform Association
1900 Undertook relief of Kwang Hsu, Emperor of China
1902-1904 Organized Chinese military schools in U.S. and Chinese Imperial Army (C.I.A.)
1908 Author, The Vermillion Pencil
1909 Author, The Valor of Ignorance
1910-1912 Military adviser to Sun Yat-Sen
1912 Author, The Day of the Saxon
1912 Died

Scope and Content of Collection

Correspondence, telegrams, biographies, articles, pamphlets, clippings, writings, photographs, maps, scrapbooks, and memorabilia relating to Homer Lea, military adviser to Sun Yat-sen and author of The Valor of Ignorance, and to the revolutionary movement in China, circa 1900-1920. Includes writings and correspondence of Homer Lea, Ethel Lea, and Joshua B. Powers.

Arrangement Statement

The collection is organized into six series: Correspondence of Homer Lea and Ethel Lea (Mrs. Homer Lea), Correspondence of Joshua B. Powers and Albert H. Powers, Collected Writings of Homer Lea, Collected Writings of Joshua B. Powers, Subject File, Miscellany, and Photographs.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Lea, Homer, 1876-1912.
Sun, Yat-sen, 1866-1925.
Americans--China.
China--History--20th century.
China--History--Revolution, 1911-1912.
Great Britain--Defenses.
United States--Defenses.

 

Correspondence of Homer Lea and Ethel Lea (Mrs. Homer Lea), 1901-1929

Arrangement note

Arranged alphabetically by last name of correspondent.
Box/Folder 1 : 1

General

Box/Folder 1 : 2

Unidentified, 1911-1912

Box/Folder 1 : 3

Addis, G. S., 1911

Box/Folder 1 : 4

Aishi, K., 1901

Box/Folder 1 : 5

Armstrong, General E., 1911

Box/Folder 1 : 6

Arthur, Sir Richard, 1911

Box/Folder 1 : 7

Belford, Robert J., 1910-1913

Box/Folder 1 : 8

Beresford, Sir Charles, 1912

Box/Folder 1 : 9

Bryant, Agnes, 1911-1912

Box/Folder 1 : 10

Burton, General G. H., 1910-1912

Box/Folder 1 : 11

Cantlie, Mabel Barclay, 1912-1913(?)

Box/Folder 1 : 12

Chaffee, General Adna R., 1909-1912

Box/Folder 1 : 13

Chen, W. C., 1913

Box/Folder 1 : 14

Chockman, Jue, 1912

Box/Folder 1 : 15

Croxton, Major R. C., 1910

Box/Folder 1 : 16

Dawson, Sir Arthur Trevor, 1911

Box/Folder 1 : 17

Deitrick, James, 1911

Box/Folder 1 : 18

Dildman, Helene, 1913

Box/Folder 1 : 19

Duneka, F. A., 1911

Box/Folder 1 : 20

Everett, H. H., 1911

Box/Folder 1 : 21

First National Bank of Los Angeles, 1912

Box/Folder 1 : 22

Gibbs, Major George W., 1905-1912

Box/Folder 1 : 23

Green, A. A., 1912

Box/Folder 1 : 24

Grenfeld, E. C., 1911

Box/Folder 1 : 25

Haig, Colonel H., 1911

Box/Folder 1 : 26

Hamilton, Sir Ian, 1910

Box/Folder 1 : 27

Hergesheimer, Joseph, 1920

Box/Folder 1 : 28

Herriman, George, 1911

Box/Folder 1 : 29

Hsueh, S. Y., 1903

Box/Folder 1 : 30

Hwang Hsing, 1914

Box/Folder 1 : 31

Ike, Koki H., 1911

Box/Folder 1 : 32

Imperial Maritime League, 1911

Box/Folder 1 : 33

Jamison, C. S., 1913

Box/Folder 1 : 34

Jarrett, Russell, 1913

Box/Folder 1 : 35

Jordan, David Starr, 1909-1910

Box/Folder 1 : 36

Joy, Florence J. M., 1913

Box/Folder 1 : 37

Kang Yu Wei, 1904

Box/Folder 1 : 38

Kennedy, J. Russell, 1912-1913

Box/Folder 1 : 39

Kirtland, Capt. Harry B., 1912

Box/Folder 1 : 40

Lam, T. F., 1913

Box/Folder 1 : 41

Lea, Tom, 1912

Box/Folder 1 : 42

Leighton, Sir Bryan, 1910

Box/Folder 1 : 43

Lett, Harry Hom, 1904

Box/Folder 1 : 44

Leung Kwok, 1911

Box/Folder 1 : 45

The Lone Hand (periodical), 1911

Box/Folder 1 : 46

Long, Chaille, 1910-1912

Box/Folder 1 : 47

Lynne, E. O., 1911

Box/Folder 1 : 48

McCormick, Frederick, 1912-1929

Box/Folder 1 : 49

McIlvaine, Clarence W., 1911-1912

Box/Folder 1 : 50

Mande, Colonel F. N., 1911

Box/Folder 1 : 51

Maxim, Hudson, 1910-1912

Box/Folder 1 : 52

Newcome, W. A., 1911

Box/Folder 1 : 53

Newmark, Marco, 1903

Box/Folder 1 : 54

Ng Toy Kee, Dr., 1912

Box/Folder 1 : 55

Otis, H. G., 1909

Box/Folder 1 : 56

Overton, K. Z., undated

Box/Folder 1 : 57

Phillips, John S., 1912

Box/Folder 1 : 58

Rhein, Lt. W. W., 1905

Box/Folder 1 : 59

Roberts, Field Marshal Lord Earl, 1911-1912

Box/Folder 1 : 60

Root, Senator Elihu, 1911

Box/Folder 1 : 61

Shartle, Captain Samuel G., 1911

Box/Folder 1 : 62

Shelton, Major George H., 1910

Box/Folder 1 : 63

Shield, Dr., undated

Box/Folder 1 : 64

Sinclair, Sir J. G.Tollemache, 1911-1912

Box/Folder 1 : 65

Stanhope, Lord, 1911-1913

Box/Folder 1 : 66

Story, J. S., 1909

Box/Folder 1 : 67

Sun Fo, 1913-1918

Box/Folder 1 : 68-69

Sun Yat Sen, 1910-1922

Box/Folder 2 : 1

Swift, Major E. M., 1910

Box/Folder 2 : 2

Urbanek, Dr. M., 1912-1913

Box/Folder 2 : 3

Tillson, Lt.-Col. John O., 1911

Box/Folder 2 : 4

Van Loan, C. E., 1911

Box/Folder 2 : 5

Wan, B. C., 1913

Box/Folder 2 : 6

Warren, J. G., 1912-1913

Box/Folder 2 : 7

White, Ermal Lea, 1913

Box/Folder 2 : 8

Willett, Tom Gear, 1912

Box/Folder 2 : 9

Wood, General Leonard, 1912

Box/Folder 2 : 10

Woodruff, Lt.-Col. Charles B., 1910

Box/Folder 2 : 11

Wrugel, Charles (?), 1912

Box/Folder 2 : 12

York, Waldo M., 1903

Box/Folder 2 : 13

Yue Sen, 1912

 

Correspondence of Joshua B. Powers and Albert H. Powers, 1937-1962

Arrangement note

Arranged alphabetically by last name of correspondent.
Box/Folder 2 : 14

Bemis, H. B., 1944

Box/Folder 2 : 15

Blackwelder, Justin, 1956-1961

Box/Folder 2 : 16

Britten, Milton R., 1957

Box/Folder 2 : 17

Chapin, Frederic, 1950-1952

Box/Folder 2 : 18

Dinegar, Capt. W. W., 1958

Box/Folder 2 : 19

Frey, Agnes L., 1956

Box/Folder 2 : 20

Frick, Constance, 1944

Box/Folder 2 : 21

Glick, Carl, 1943-1957

Box/Folder 2 : 22

Hall, Josef W., 1925

Box/Folder 2 : 23

Harper & Brothers, 1957

Box/Folder 2 : 24

Hopper, Hedda, 1955

Box/Folder 2 : 25

Kates, Major Charles O., 1944-1955

Box/Folder 2 : 26

Lea, Howard P., 1944-1946

Box/Folder 2 : 27

Lesser, Julian, 1959

Box/Folder 2 : 28

Lewis, Boyd, 1961-1962

Box/Folder 2 : 29

Newmark, Marco, 1937

Box/Folder 2 : 30

O'Banion, Capt. Ansel E., 1943-1960

Box/Folder 2 : 31

Shenson, Walter, 1952

Box/Folder 2 : 32

Taylor, Betty (Mrs. Robert Taylor), 1944-1955

Box/Folder 2 : 33

Wilheim, Robert J., 1951-1952

 

Collected Writings of Homer Lea, 1906-1913

Scope and Contents note

Typewritten and handwritten drafts; carbon, mimeographed, and printed copies; outlines and notes; and correspondence, publishing contracts, book reviews, and royalty statements pertaining to books and articles, arranged alphabetically by title of manuscript.
Box/Folder 2 : 34

Royalty statements and correspondence, 1942-1945

Box/Folder 2 : 35

Untitled, undated

Box/Folder 2 : 36

"Can China Fight?," The World Today, printed copy, 1907

 

The Day of the Saxon (1912)

Box/Folder 2 : 37

Typewritten first draft

Box/Folder 2 : 38

Typewritten second draft, with handwritten notes and corrections

Box/Folder 2 : 39

Correspondence, 1911-1912

Box/Folder 2 : 40

Publishing agreement

Box/Folder 2 : 41

"The Defenses of China," two typewritten drafts, undated

Box/Folder 2 : 42

"How Socialism Failed in China," Van Norden's Magazine, printed copy, 1908

Box/Folder 3 : 1

"The Legacy of Commodore Perry," North American Review, outline, printed copy, and correspondence, 1913

Box/Folder 3 : 2

"The Reawakening of China," outline and notes for unfinished book, 1906

Box/Folder 3 : 3

"The Red Dawn of the New China," typewritten first draft, mimeographed copy of second draft, 1907

Box/Folder 3 : 4

"A Romance of the Tombs," two typewritten drafts, undated

 

The Valor of Ignorance (1909)

Box/Folder 3 : 5

Correspondence, 1910-1911

Box/Folder 3 : 6

Publishing contract

Box/Folder 3 : 7

Reviews

Box/Folder 3 : 8

"The Vandal," typewritten draft of unfinished story, 1911

 

The Vermillion Pencil (1908)

Box/Folder 3 : 9

Partial handwritten draft

Box/Folder 3 : 10

Correspondence, 1908-1913

 

Collected Writings of Joshua Powers, 1961-1968(?)

Scope and Contents note

Drafts, newspaper articles, outlines and notes.
Box/Folder 3 : 11

Untitled manuscript on life and works of Homer Lea, undated

Box/Folder 3 : 12

Biographical notes, typewritten draft, undated

Box/Folder 3 : 13

Newspaper articles on Homer Lea (extracts from manuscript), 1961 December

Box/Folder 3 : 14

Outline and typewritten draft on Homer Lea

 

Subject File, 1905-1952

Scope and Contents note

Letters, articles, newspaper clippings, pamphlets, books, and printed matter, arranged alphabetically by subject.
Box/Folder 3 : 15

Belford, Robert J., poems and letters, 1909

Box/Folder 3 : 16

China, general

Box/Folder 3 : 17

China, Republic of, government proclamations, 1911-1924(?)

Box/Folder 3 : 18

Chinese-American Educational Association, Articles of Agreement, 1905

Box/Folder 3 : 19

Chinese Exclusion Act, letter issued by Chinese Protective Association, Los Angeles, to U.S. Senators and Congressmen, 1912

Box/Folder 3 : 20

Chinese Imperial Army: Chinese military schools in the U.S.A.

Box/Folder 3 : 21

Chinese Revolution of 1911-1912

Box/Folder 3 : 22

Clowe, Clarence, State Capitalism in Ancient China, printed copy, 1911

Box/Folder 3 : 23

Defense of China and General Duvall's letter to President Theodore Roosevelt

Box/Folder 3 : 24

Evans, I. H., "The Latest Republic," The Watchman, printed copy, 1912

Box/Folder 3 : 25

Hwang Hsing

Box/Folder 3 : 26

Kang Yu Wei

 

Lea, Homer

Box/Folder 3 : 27

Articles

 

Biographies

Box/Folder 3 : 28

Newspaper clippings on Homer Lea's funeral in Taipei, 1969

Box/Folder 3 : 29

Carr, Harry, collected newspaper articles and interview transcripts, typewritten carbon copies, undated

Box/Folder 4 : 1-5

Chapin, Frederic, unpublished biography, typewritten carbon copy, 1950-1952

Box/Folder 4 : 6

Dinegar, Capt. W. W. and Major Avery E. Kolb, "The Bitter Tea of Homer Lea," typewritten draft, undated

Box/Folder 4 : 7

Letters, 1910-1912

Box/Folder 4 : 8

Medical report by Dr. M. Urbanek, 1912 April 6

Box/Folder 4 : 9

Liang Chi Chao

Box/Folder 4 : 10

McIlvaine, Clarence W.

Box/Folder 4 : 11

O'Banion, Capt. Ansel E., autobiographical statements, 1943

Box/Folder 4 : 12

Roberts, Field Marshal Lord Earl

Box/Folder 4 : 13

Sun Yat-Sen, speeches and writings, articles, letters, 1912-1920

 

Miscellany, 1908-1942

Scope and Contents note

Addresses, banknotes, calling cards, invitations, legal papers, maps, memorabilia, newspaper clippings, passport and scrapbooks, arranged as listed.
Box/Folder 4 : 14

Addresses

Box/Folder 4 : 15

Banknotes, drafts, etc.

Box/Folder 4 : 16

Calling cards

Box/Folder 4 : 17

Invitations

Box/Folder 4 : 18

Legal papers

Box/Folder 4 : 19

Maps

Box/Folder 4 : 20

Membership cards

Box/Folder 4 : 21

Memorabilia

Box/Folder 4 : 22

Newspaper clippings

Box/Folder 4 : 23

Passport

Boxes 6-7, Map case

Scrapbooks, 2 volumes, 1908-1942

Box 8

Scrapbooks, 2 volumes, 1942

 

Photographs, circa 1876-1969

Scope and Contents note

145 photos, 7 duplicates, 24 negatives, 1 album, and 5 envelopes. Includes depictions of the Lea family, Chinese Imperial Army training, and China during the revolutionary period, as well as other images.
Box/Envelope 5 : A

9 photos of prominent Chinese intellectuals, such as Kan Yi Wei, Sun Yat-sen, Liang Chi Chao, and Chu Cho-wen, plus 5 negatives, circa 1900-1912

Box/Envelope 5 : B

11 photos and 6 duplicates plus 4 negatives of Homer Lea; 1 photo of the Lea family; 17 photos of friends and relatives, plus 1 duplicate, circa 1876-1912

Box/Envelope 5 : C

25 photos and 6 negatives depicting Chinese Imperial Army training in California, circa 1902-1910

Box/Envelope 7 : mD

1 photo of Sun Yat-sen, signed, 1911 June 10

Box/Envelope 5 : E

6 photos and 14 negatives of China, general

Box 10

59 photos of China during the revolutionary period, 1910-1912

Scope and Contents note

Album fF
Box 10

10 photos depicting Chinese Imperial Army training in California, circa 1902-1910

Scope and Contents note

Album fF
Box 10

6 photos of Hwang Hsing with Ethel Lea (Mrs. Homer Lea)

Scope and Contents note

Album fF
Box/Envelope 7 : mG

8 prints depicting the ceremonial placement of ashes of Homer Lea and Ethel Bryant Lea in the military cemetery in Taipei, Taiwan, 1969 April 20