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Inventory of the Mary Annette Russell, Countess, Papers, 1896-1941
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Collection Details
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  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Biography
  • Subject matter

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Mary Annette Russell, Countess, Papers,
    Date (inclusive): 1896-1941
    Creator: Elizabeth, 1866-1941
    Extent: ca. 1,300 pieces
    Repository: The Huntington Library
    San Marino, California 91108
    Language: English.

    Administrative Information


    Gift of Elizabeth (von Arnim) Butterworth, May 1967


    Collection is open to qualified researchers by prior application through the Reader Services Department. For more information please go to following URL .

    Publication Rights

    In order to quote from, publish, or reproduce any of the manuscripts or visual materials, researchers must obtain formal permission from the office of the Library Director. In most instances, permission is given by the Huntington as owner of the physical property rights only, and researchers must also obtain permission from the holder of the literary rights. In some instances, the Huntington owns the literary rights, as well as the physical property rights. Researchers may contact the appropriate curator for further information.
    Edward Morgan Forster: Literary rights owned by King's College, Cambridge, England.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Mary Annette Russell, Countess, Papers, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.


    Countess Russell (1866-1941), English authoress, was known better by the name "Elizabeth," after publishing her most famous novel Elizabeth and her German Garden. She was the daughter of Henry Herron Beauchamp and a cousin of Katherine Mansfield. She married Count Henning August von Arnim (d. 1910) and spent 20 years on his East Prussian estate (Nassenheide). Elizabeth returned to England and married John Francis Stanley Russell, 2nd Earl Russell in 1916. They were separated in 1919. Her friends included many writers and also the select groups which visited her estate. She travelled extensively in Europe and the United States before her death in 1941. [For further information see Leslie de Charms' Elizabeth of the German Garden, 1958; this biography was written by her daughter, Elizabeth (von Arnim) Butterworth]

    Subject matter

    The collection includes almost all of Elizabeth's journals between 1896-1941. These journals entail day-to-day activities, a record of visitors, and occasional reflections. There is also a typewritten copy of the journals which has many attached letters written to her family. The collection of manuscripts includes some unpublished and incomplete writings of Elizabeth. E. M. Forster's remembrance of Nassenheide and various letters and printed material were deposited later into the collection by Mrs. Butterworth while she was working on Elizabeth's biography. Elizabeth's correspondence with literary figures and friends is detailed and quite comlete in most cases, and it gives an interesting account of her life and literary work.