Collection shows laborers from various ethnic groups (Chinese, Japanese, Mexican, Italian, "Hindu") working in the following
locations: Sacramento (including Japantown), San Jose, San Francisco, Fresno, Los Angeles, Gilroy, and Merced. Photos show
laborers in the fields, but also focus on their businesses, ranches, living conditions (including interiors of houses), street
scenes, and children.
Ira Brown Cross, a descendant of William Bradford and John and Priscilla Alden of the Plymouth Colony, was born December 1, 1880 in Decatur, Illinois. He received his A.B. and M.A. degrees from the University of Wisconsin, and while a student there became a member of the Socialist Party. In 1904 he served as the Assistant Secretary of the National Convention of the Socialist Party in Chicago. Cross received his Ph.D. from Stanford University in 1909. He remained at Stanford as a professor until 1914, when--despite his radical economic views--he was asked by University
of California president Benjamin Ide Wheeler to accept a position in the Department of Economics at the University of California at Berkeley. Cross accepted and would
remain at the University of California until his retirement in 1951. During his tenure at Berkeley he significantly expanded
the scope of the Department of Economics and gained a reputation as a challenging, iconoclastic instructor and impassioned
lecturer who was able to enliven student interest in a field often referred to as the "dismal science." An estimated 60,000
students enrolled in his classes during his career. Cross was Chair of the Department of Economics in the 1919-1920 and 1923-1924
school years. In 1951 Cross was awarded the LL.D. degree from the University of Wisconsin, and in 1958 was awarded the same
degree from the University of California. In 1964 he was honored with the dedication of the Ira B. Cross Room in Barrows Hall
on the campus of the University of California at Berkeley. In addition to his career in academia, Cross was also active in
arbitration and strike-breaking efforts, and created one of the nation's first employment management training courses. He
also served as a member of the American Institute of Banking from 1935 to 1960, for whom he taught and contributed important educational texts. Cross also helped to form the Berkeley Police School, an internationally recognized crime prevention program. After his retirement, Cross pursued his interest in the cultivation
of chrysanthemums, becoming such an authority on the subject that he served as associate editor of the Bulletin of the National Chrysanthemum Society. Ira B. Cross died March 24, 1977.
101 photographic prints, 9 x 14 cm. or smaller.
100 digital objects
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