John Bouvier (1787-1851) was born of Quaker parents in 1787 in the small French village of Codognan, department du Gard. Of
his life before the age of fifteen little is known, except that he attended school in Nimes. His father, Jean (1760-1803)
was a man of considerable means, having inherited property from his uncle and money from his grandfather. Bouvier's mother,
Marie Benezet (1760-1823), also brought a respectable dowry into her marriage with Jean. Husband and wife farmed for a living,
adding to this income money earned from a distillery and from a farm products and manufacturing exchange enterprise. As a
result of his fortune, Jean Bouvier was one of the principal men of his village, occupying at one time or another almost all
of the village offices. However, when he attempted to feed his friends and finance relief from the distress occasioned by
the French Revolution (with which he sympathized), a series of misfortunes crushed the family. Thus circumstanced, Jean and
Marie applied for passports to America in 1800, finally making the voyage in 1802 with their two sons, John and Daniel (c.
1795-1825). John's father died less than a year later, while his mother returned to France and died in 1823.
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