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Guide to the Archives of the Soviet Communist Party and Soviet State Microfilm Collection, 1903-1992: Russian State Archives of Social and Political History (Rossiiskii gosudarstvennyi arkhiv sotsialno-politicheskoi istorii - RGASPI)
XX843c  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Related Materials
  • Arrangement
  • Scope and Content of the Microfilm Collection
  • Scope and Content of the RGASPI Records
  • Access Points
  • Glossary

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Archives of the Soviet Communist Party and Soviet State: Microfilm Collection, Russian State Archives of Social and Political History (Rossiiskii gosudarstvennyi arkhiv sotsialno-politicheskoi istorii - RGASPI)
    Date (inclusive): 1903-1990
    Collection number: XX843c
    Extent: 2772 microfilm reels340.8 linear feet
    Repository: Hoover Institution Archives
    Stanford, California 94305-6010
    Abstract: Relates to political conditions in the Soviet Union from 1903 to 1992.
    Physical location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Languages: Languages represented in the collection: Russian

    Administrative Information

    Access

    Collection open for research.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Archives of the Soviet Communist Party and Soviet State : Microfilm Collection, [Reel no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Location of Original Materials

    The original documents are located in three Russian archives:
    • -Russian State Archive of Contemporary History (Rossiiskii gosudarstvennyi arkhiv noveishei istorii - RGANI);
    • -Russian State Archives of Social and Political History (Rossiiskii gosudarstvennyi arkhiv sotsialno-politicheskoi istorii - RGASPI);
    • and
    • -State Archives of the Russian Federation (Gosudarstvennyi arkhiv Rossiiskoi Federatsii - GARF).

    Related Materials

    Portions or the entirety of the microfilm collection may be found at the following institutions in addition to the Hoover Institution: The Library of Congress, Grinnell College, Harvard University, John Hopkins University, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, Ohio University, University of Washington, University of Melbourne Australia, Glasgow University United Kingdom, Bavarian State University, Germany, and Hokkaido University, Japan.
    The microfilms containing only the Russian language opisi or finding aids may be found at the following institutions: University of Illinois, Indiana University, Columbia University, and New York University.

    Arrangement

    The collection is organized by the name of the Russian archive that holds the original materials. There are three finding aids for the collection, one for each one of the Russian Archives:
    • -Russian State Archive of Contemporary History (Rossiiskii gosudarstvennyi arkhiv noveishei istorii - RGANI);
    • -Russian State Archives of Social and Political History (Rossiiskii gosudarstvennyi arkhiv sotsialno-politicheskoi istorii - RGASPI);
    • and
    • -State Archives of the Russian Federation (Gosudarstvennyi arkhiv Rossiiskoi Federatsii - GARF).
    Within Russian institutional archive, the materials are organized into two groups: (1) fondy (record groups consisting of documents); and (2) finding aids that describe each fondy. Fondy are usually subdivided into opisi (series of documents; the number of opisi in a fond) varies.

    Scope and Content of the Microfilm Collection

    This collection concerns political conditions in the Soviet Union from 1903 to 1990. The documents come from three Russian archives. Material was selected for microfilming based on two criteria: (1) records of the highest policy-making units of the Communist Party were the priority; and (2) record series were filmed in their entirety.
    To locate material in the collection, it helps to know that archival documents in the former Soviet Union, and later in the Russian Federation, are arranged in major record groups according to the institution that issued, to the subject, or collector. These major groups, which sometimes include thousands of documents, are called in Russian fond (plural fondy). Within each fond the documents are generally divided into smaller groups called opisi (singular opis). Opisi might be organized according to the internal structure of the corresponding institution; sometimes opisi consist of documents relating to one subject. The Russian word opis has two meanings: (1) a series of documents; and (2) a finding aid. Each opis "series of documents" is provided with a descriptive opis "finding aid." Each opis "series of documents" is further organized into files called dela (singular delo) that contain the documents.
    Out of a total of 11,818 microfilm reels, 11,349 reels contain documents and 469 contain finding aids to the fondy available at the Hoover Institution, as well as to some fondy available only in Russia. Each reel of microfilm contains approximately 850 pages, or frames.
    The microfilm reel numbers consist of two parts separated by a period, for example 2.427. The first numerical segment identifies the Russian archive source. Number 2 is for RGASPI. The second segment, which is sequentially numbered starting with 1, represents a specific microfilm reel number for that Russian archive.

    Scope and Content of the RGASPI Records

    Materials described in this document are from the Russian State Archives of Social and Political History (Rossiiskii gosudarstvennyi arkhiv sotsialno-politicheskoi istorii - RGASPI). The collection includes materials from congresses and conferences of the RSDRP-VKP(b)-KPSS and records of the TsK KPSS Central Committee for the years 1917-1990.
    There are thirty-nine fonds were microfilmed for the Hoover Institution at the Russian State Archives of Social and Political History. Thirty-eight fonds consist of one (occasionally two) opis and contain mainly documents relating to the congresses (2nd through 19th; 23rd through 28th) and conferences (5th through 16th) of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (KPSS)[RSDRP, 1903-1917; RKP(b), 1918-1925; VKP(b), 1925-1952; KPSS, 1952-1990]. There are 2,069 files (on 261 reels) in these 38 fonds. All files were filmed for the Hoover Institution.
    Fond 17, The Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union records, 1903-1965, 1971, contains documents related to the activities of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Russian Social-Democratic Labor Party in 1989 and 1903-1917, Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks) in 1918-1925, and All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) in 1925-1952). The listing below has been prepared for 2,457 microfilm reels of Fond 17, The Central Committee was the leading body of the KPSS, its political, theoretical, ideological, and organizational center. It was elected at the party congresses or sometimes at its conferences. While in power, the Central Committee was the main organ supervising the KPSS, the government, and the political and economic life of the Soviet Union. The main organs of the Central Committee were plenums, Bureau of the Central Committee, Political Bureau, Organizational Bureau, and Secretariat. Decisions mandatory for party and governmental institutions were adopted at the meetings of these organs. The Central Committee of the KPSS also had an apparatus in which one part acted in parallel to the leading governmental structures and the other was dealing with interior KPSS problems.

    Access Points

    Soviet Union--History.
    Soviet Union--Politics and government.
    Communism--Soviet Union.
    Communism.
    Soviet Union.
    Russia (Federation)
    Kommunisticheskaia partiia Sovetskogo Soiuza.
    Soviet Union.

    Glossary

    This glossary defines acronyms and names for all three organizations of the microfilming project: the Russian State Archive of Contemporary History (Rossiiskii gosudarstvennyi arkhiv noveishei istorii - RGANI), the Russian State Archives of Social and Political History (Rossiiskii gosudarstvennyi arkhiv sotsialno-politicheskoi istorii - RGASPI), and the State Archives of the Russian Federation (Gosudarstvennyi arkhiv Rossiiskoi Federatsii - GARF).
    ASSR
    Avtonomnaia Sovetskaia sotsialisticheskaia respublika (Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic)
    BUND
    The General Jewish Workers' Union in Lithuania, Poland, and Russia
    Gospolitizdat
    Gosudarstvennoe izdatelstvo politichesko literatury (State Publishing House for Political Literature)
    GUITK
    Glavnoe upravlenie ispravitel'no-trudovykh kolonii (Main Administration of Correctional Labor Colonies)
    Gulag
    Glavnoe upravlenie ispravitel'no-trudovykh lagerei (Main Administration of Correctional Labor Camps and Colonies)
    GUMZ
    Glavnoe upravlenie mest zakliucheniia (Main Administration of Places of Confinement)
    IKKI
    Ispolnitelnyi komitet Kommunisticheskogo Internatsionala (Executive Committee of the Communist International)
    IMEL
    Institut Marksa-Engelsa-Lenina (Marx-Engels- Lenin Institute)
    Komsomol
    Kommunisticheskii soiuz molodezhi (see VLKSM)
    KPSS
    Kommunisticheskaia partiia Sovetskogo Soiuza (Communist Party of the Soviet Union)
    Krymizdat
    Krymskoe izdatelstvo (Crimean Publishing House)
    Lenizdat
    Leningradskoe izdatelstvo (Leningrad Publishing House)
    Malyi Sovnarkom
    Malyi sovet narodnykh komissarov (Small Council of People's Commissars)
    MOPR
    Mezhdunarodnaia organizatsiia pomoshchi bortsam revoliutsii (International Organization for Assistance to the Fighters for Revolution)
    MVD
    Ministerstvo vnutrennikh del (Ministry of Internal Affairs)
    NKGB
    Narodnyi Commissariat gosudarstvennoi bezopasnosti (People's Commissars of State Security)
    NKID
    Narodnyi kommisariat inostrannykh del (People's Commissariat for Foreign Affairs)
    NKPS
    Narodnyi kommisariat putei soobshcheniia (People's Commissariat of Transportation)
    NKVD
    Narodnyi kommisariat vnutrennikh del (People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs)
    OGIZ
    Obiedinennoe gosudarstvennoe izdatelstvo (Joint State Publishing House)
    OGPU
    Obiedinennoe gosudarstvennoe politicheskoe upravlenie (Unified State Political Administration)
    okruzhkom
    Okruzhnoi komitet [partii] (Party committee of an okrug)
    Politizdat
    Izdatel'stvo politicheskoi literatury (Publishing House for Political Literature)
    Profintern
    Krasnyi internatsional profsoiuzov (Red International of Trade Unions)
    PUR RVS
    Politicheskoe upravlenie revoliutsionno- voennogo soveta (Political Administration of the Revolutionary-Military Council)
    RKI
    Raboche-krestianskaia inspektsiia (Worker' and Peasants' Inspection)
    RKP(b)
    Rossiiskaia kommunisticheskaia partiia (Bolshevikov) (Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks)
    ROSTA
    Rossiiskoe telegrafnoe agenstvo (Russian Telegraph Agency)
    RSDRP
    Rossiiskaia Sotsial-Demokraticheskaia Rabochaiia Partiia Partiia (Russian Social-Democratic Labor Party)
    RSFSR
    Rossiiskaia Sovetskaia Federativnaia Sotsialisticheskaia Respublika (Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic)
    RVSR
    Revoliutsionno-voennyi sovet respubliki (Revolutionary-Military Council of the Republic)
    SNK or Sovnarkom
    Sovet narodnykh kommisarov (Council of People's Sovnarkom Commissars)
    SSR
    Sovetskaia sotsialisticheskaia respublica (Soviet Socialist Republic; union republic)
    STO
    Sovet truda i oborony (Council for Labor and Defense)
    Tsentrosoiuz
    Tsentralnyi soiuz kooperativnykh obshchestv (Central Union of Consumer Cooperative Societies)
    TsIK
    Tsentral'nyi ispolnitel'nyi komitet (Central Executive Committee)
    TsK
    Tsentralnyi Komitet (Central Committee)
    TsKK
    Tsentralnaia kontrolnaia komissiia (Central Control Commission)
    TSU
    Tsentralnoe statisticheskoe upravlenie (Central Statistics Administration)
    VChK
    Vserossiiskaia chrezvychainaia komissiia (All- Russian Extraordinary Commission)
    VKP(b)
    Vsesoiuznaia kommunisticheskaia partiia (Bolshevikov) (All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks)
    VLKSM
    Vsesoiuznyi Leninskii Kommunisticheskii Soiuz molodezhi (All-Union Young Communists League)
    VSNKh
    Vysshii Sovet Narodnogo Khoziaistva (Higher Council for Economy)
    VTsIK
    Vserossiiskii tsentral'nyi ispolnitel'nyi komitet (All-Russian Central Executive Committee)
    VUChK
    Vseukrainskaia chrezvychainaia komissiia (All- Ukrainian Extraordinary Commission)
    USSR
    Union of Soviet Socialist Republics