Charles Edwards Papers

Finding aid prepared by Mandeville Special Collections Library
Mandeville Special Collections Library
9500 Gilman Drive
La Jolla, California, 92093-0175
858-534-2533
spcoll@ucsd.edu
Copyright 2005


Descriptive Summary

Title: Charles Edwards Papers
Identifier/Call Number: MSS 447
Contributing Institution: Mandeville Special Collections Library
9500 Gilman Drive
La Jolla, California, 92093-0175
Language of Material: English
Physical Description: 3.4 Linear feet (6 archives boxes and 3 oversize folders)
Date (inclusive): 1970 - 1979
Abstract: Papers of Charles Edwards, physician, surgeon, administrator, and former Assistant Secretary for Health (1973-1975) of the United States Department of Health, Education and Welfare. Edwards also served as Commissioner (1969-1973) of the United States Food and Drug Administration, senior vice president (1975-1977) of Becton, Dickinson and Co., chief executive officer (1977-1991) of The Scripps Research Institute and CEO (1991-1995) of Scripps Institute of Medicine. The collection contains speeches, articles, newspaper clippings, awards and certificates, and correspondence.
Creator: Edwards, Charles C.

Scope and Content of Collection

The Charles Edwards Papers document the achievements of a government official, medical officer and administrator in the medical supply industry. The collection is arranged in five series: 1) MISCELLANEOUS MATERIAL, 2) CORRESPONDENCE, 3) WRITINGS, 4) PHOTOGRAPHS, and 5) NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS.
SERIES 1: MISCELLANEOUS MATERIAL
The MISCELLANEOUS MATERIAL series (1970-1983) contains a biographical sketch, a report compiled during Edwards' presidency of TSRI, memorabilia, and certificates and awards. Included are certificates of appointment to the post of Commissioner of the FDA, signed by Caspar Weinberger, and to the post of Assistant Secretary of H.E.W., signed by President Richard Nixon. For newspaper articles about and published interviews with Charles Edwards, see the NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS series.
SERIES 2: CORRESPONDENCE
The CORRESPONDENCE series contains primarily letters of congratulations sent to Edwards upon his appointment to the post of Assistant Secretary for Health in 1973. Included is a letter from President Ford accepting Edwards' resignation from H.E.W.
SERIES 3: WRITINGS
The WRITINGS series (1970-1979) is arranged in two subseries: A) Articles and B) Speeches.
A) The Articles subseries is arranged alphabetically and contains magazine and newspaper articles by Charles Edwards, principally on the subject of public health.
B) The Speeches subseries (1970-1979) is arranged chronologically and contains presentations delivered during Edwards' relationship with the Food and Drug Administration, the Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Becton, Dickinson and Co., and The Scripps Research Institute. This collection of speeches delivered by Edwards is nearly comprehensive, lacking only the speeches from 1976. Included are dedications, addresses, press conference statements, symposia remarks, acceptance speeches, and professional presentations to committees and subcommittees of both the U.S. Government and private industry. Topics include food and drug safety, the role of the FDA, public health concerns, the regulation of public health costs and health insurance, and points of progress in the health care field.
SERIES 4: PHOTOGRAPHS
The PHOTOGRAPHS series includes images from various trips, conferences and ceremonies; a portrait of Edwards; an autographed portrait of Caspar Weinberger; and two of Edwards' personal photograph albums containing pictures from trips to Cairo and Moscow.
SERIES 5: NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS
Newspaper clippings (1970-1979) are arranged topically by folder and then chronologically within each folder. Topics include general biographical information, drugs and drug safety, food labels and food safety, health care, the National Institutes of Health, and interviews with Edwards.

Biography

Dr. Charles C. Edwards was born on September 16, 1923, in Overton, Ohio. He attended Princeton University (1941-43) and then transferred to the University of Colorado, where he completed his A.B. in 1945 and his M.D. in 1948. He received an M.S. in surgery from the University of Minnesota in 1956. After teaching surgery (1957-62), maintaining a private practice (1956-61) and serving in several capacities at the American Medical Association (1962-67), Edwards was appointed Commissioner of the United States Food and Drug Administration in December of 1969. His work in the FDA (1969-73) included the discovery and recall of tuna fish poisoned with mercury, the standardization of food nutrition labels, a ban on the cattle fattening chemical D.E.S., and the removal of dangerous dyes and other substances from cosmetics. In April of 1973, Edwards was appointed to the position of Assistant Secretary for Health of the United States Department of Health, Education and Welfare under Caspar Weinberger. In this position he continued to focus on consumer safety while expanding his responsibilities to encompass investigations concerning the regulation and equitable provision of health care in the United States and world-wide.
In 1975 he resigned as Assistant Secretary to accept a position as senior vice president of Becton, Dickinson and Co., a world-leading manufacturer of medical supplies and equipment. In 1977 Edwards was appointed president and chief executive officer of The Scripps Research Institute (Scripps Clinic and Research Foundation). He also served as president of the National Health Council in 1977.
Dr. Edwards passed away in 2011.

Preferred Citation

Charles Edwards Papers, MSS 447. Mandeville Special Collections Library, UCSD.

Acquisition Information

Not Available

OFF-SITE STORAGE

COLLECTION STORED OFF-SITE: ALLOW ONE WEEK FOR RETRIEVAL OF MATERIALS

Related Materials

For additional information, see MSS 72, Scripps Research Institute Office of Public Affairs Records (MSS 72), at the University of California, San Diego's Mandeville Special Collections Library

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Ford, Gerald R., 1913-
Scripps Clinic and Research Foundation.
United States. Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare. Office of the Assistant Secretary.
United States. Food and Drug Administration.
Clinics--California--San Diego County
Hospitals -- California -- San Diego County
Medical laboratories -- California
Medicine -- California -- San Diego County -- History
Medicine research -- California

 

MISCELLANEOUS MATERIAL

Box 1, Folder 1

Biographical sketch

Box 1, Folder 2, Oversize FB-218-01

Certificates and awards 1956 - 1984

Box 1, Folder 3

Competitive Status of the U.S. Pharmaceutical Industry. Report prepared by the Pharmaceutical Panel, Committee on Technology and International Economic and Trade Issues (Charles Edwards, Chairman) 1983

Box 1, Folder 4

Memorabilia 1971 - 1975

Box 1, Folder 5

Orientation packet for Food and Drug Administration 1970

 

CORRESPONDENCE

Box 1, Folder 6

Letter from President Ford 1974

Box 1, Folder 7-11

Letters of congratulations to Edwards, Assistant Secretary for Health 1973

Box 1, Folder 12

Telegram to Dr. Howard 1974

 

WRITINGS

 

Articles

Box 1, Folder 13

American Health Care System: A Prognosis - Reprinted from Transactions - American Academy of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology 1975

Box 1, Folder 14

Case Against a Mandatory National Health Insurance Plan - Opinion, Des Moines Register December 1978

Box 1, Folder 15

Edwards Strikes Back in the Post - Science 1974

Box 1, Folder 16

Goodbye Community Hospital - American Medical News September 1979

Box 1, Folder 17

Health Insurance: An Idea Whose Time Has Gone - San Diego Union March 1979

Box 1, Folder 18

My Strategy for a Healthier America - Medical Opinion 1974

Box 1, Folder 19

Time for a National Health Authority - Hospital Progress June 1976

Box 1, Folder 20

Toward a New Understanding - Medical Marketing and Media December 1970

Box 1, Folder 21

What You Can Do to Combat High Blood Pressure - Family Health November 1973

Box 1, Folder 22

Yearly Health Care Bill Tops $185 Billion - Editorial, San Diego Union July 1978

 

Speeches

 

Food and Drug Administration

Box 2, Folder 1-2

1970 - 1971

Box 3, Folder 1-2

1971 - 1972

Box 4, Folder 1

1972 - 1973

 

Health, Education and Welfare

Box 4, Folder 2

1973 - 1974

Box 5, Folder 1

1974 - 1975

Box 5, Folder 2-3

Becton, Dickinson and Company 1975 - 1976

 

The Scripps Research Institute

Box 5, Folder 4-5

1977 - 1978

Box 6, Folder 1

1979

Box 6, Folder 2

World Federation of Proprietary Medicine Manufacturers - Includes program 1979

 

PHOTOGRAPHS

Box 6, Folder 3, Oversize FB-218-02

Cairo Trip photograph album

Box 6, Folder 4

Edwards, Charles - Portrait

Box 6, Folder 5

Food Labeling Briefing 1973

 

Moscow Trip

Box 6, Folder 6, Oversize FB-218-03

Photograph album 1973

Box 6, Folder 7

Loose photographs 1973

Box 6, Folder 8

Swearing-in ceremony 1973

Box 6, Folder 9

Twenty-Sixth World Health Assembly, Geneva - Includes invitation and agenda information 1973

Box 6, Folder 10

Weinberger, Caspar - Portrait

Box 6, Folder 11

White House Conference for Scientific and Medical Writers 1973

 

NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS

Box 6, Folder 12-13

About Edwards - General information on Charles Edwards 1970 - 1979, undated

Box 6, Folder 14

Drugs and drug safety - F.D.A. 1969 - 1975

Box 6, Folder 15

Food labels and food safety - F.D.A. 1970 - 1973

Box 6, Folder 16

Health care 1971 - 1975

Box 6, Folder 17

Interviews with Edwards 1970 - 1979

Box 6, Folder 18

National Institutes of Health 1973 - 1975