Leo Szilard Papers

Finding aid prepared by Special Collections & Archives, UC San Diego
Special Collections & Archives, UC San Diego
9500 Gilman Drive
La Jolla, California, 92093-0175
858-534-2533
spcoll@ucsd.edu
Copyright 2005


Descriptive Summary

Title: Leo Szilard Papers
Identifier/Call Number: MSS 0032
Contributing Institution: Special Collections & Archives, UC San Diego
9500 Gilman Drive
La Jolla, California, 92093-0175
Languages: English
Physical Description: 46.9 Linear feet (111 archives boxes, 1 records carton, 2 card file boxes, 18 oversize folders)
Date (inclusive): 1898 - 1998
Abstract: Papers of Leo Szilard, nuclear physicist, biologist, and advocate of global arms control. Most of the material in the accession processed in 1988 dates from the late 1930s to the early 1960s, the period following Szilard's move to the United States. Materials from earlier years include patents, personal documents, and a number of letters. The collection documents Szilard's work on the atomic bomb and his efforts on behalf of arms control and world cooperation. Prominent correspondents include Enrico Fermi, J. William Fulbright, Otto Hahn, Hubert Humphrey, Frederic Joliot-Curie, Linus Pauling, Michael Polanyi, Jonas Salk, Edward Teller, Harold C. Urey, and Eugene P. Wigner. Also included are copies of correspondence with Albert Einstein. The accessions processed in 2000 contain further correspondence with prominent individuals, including Leslie Groves, John F. Kennedy, Nikita Khrushchev, Max von Laue, and letters from Szilard to Gertrud Weiss Szilard, his wife (1936-1960, in German). It also includes annotated drafts of the letter written with Albert Einstein to President Roosevelt disclosing developments in nuclear fission. The papers include recent articles on Szilard, and documentation and memorabilia from programs and celebrations of his life and work.
Creator: Szilard, Leo

Processing History

Box 116 removed, and Gertrud Weiss Szilard materials transferred to MSS 432 in 2014.
After digitization of the sound recordings and films in 2015, materials were consolidated and boxes 103 and 104 were removed from the collection.

Related Materials

Leo Szilard and Aaron Novick Research Files (MSS 196)
Gertrud Weiss Szilard Papers (MSS 432)
Leo Szilard Letters to Gertrud Weiss (MSS 650)
Lanouette/Szilard Papers (MSS 659)

Scope and Content of Collection

Papers of Leo Szilard, nuclear physicist, biologist, and advocate of global arms control. The collection documents Szilard's work on the atomic bomb and his efforts on behalf of arms control and world cooperation. The collection was processed in two separate accessions.
Accession Processed in 1988
The majority of the materials in the Szilard papers date from the late 1930s to the early 1960s, the period following Szilard's move to the United States. Materials dating from earlier years include patents, personal documents, and a number of letters. Prominent correspondents include Enrico Fermi, J. William Fulbright, Otto Hahn, Hubert Humphrey, Frederic Joliot-Curie, Linus Pauling, Michael Polanyi, Jonas Salk, Edward Teller, Harold C. Urey, and Eugene P. Wigner. Also included are copies of correspondence with Albert Einstein.
Arranged into twelve series: 1) BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS, 2) CORRESPONDENCE, 3) WRITINGS, 4) SUBJECTS AND ORGANIZATIONS, 5) FINANCIAL RECORDS, 6) ADDRESSES, 7) GERTRUDE SZILARD MATERIALS, 8) PHOTOGRAPHS, 9) SOUND RECORDINGS, 10) FILM & VIDEO, 11) ARTIFACTS, and 12) NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS.
Accessions Processed in 2000
The accession processed in 2000 complements the first accession and contains correspondence with prominent individuals (including Leslie Groves, John F. Kennedy, Nikita Khrushchev, Max von Laue, and letters in German from Szilard to Gertrud Weiss Szilard, his wife), several writings by Szilard, recent articles about Szilard, and documentation of programs and projects celebrating his life. Also included are letters written in 1939 between Szilard and international physicists related to attempts to keep fission experiment results unpublished, and annotated drafts of the letter written with Albert Einstein to President Roosevelt disclosing developments in nuclear fission. The papers date between 1921 and 1981.
Arranged into four series: 13) CORRESPONDENCE, 14) WRITINGS BY LEO SZILARD, 15) ARTICLES, PROJECTS AND PROGRAMS ON LEO SZILARD and 16) MISCELLANEOUS MATERIAL.

Biography

Leo Szilard is best known for his pioneering work in nuclear physics, his participation in the Manhattan Project during World War II, and his opposition to the nuclear arms race in the postwar era.
The son of an engineer and the scion of an affluent Jewish family, Szilard was born Leo Spitz on February 11, 1898 in Budapest, Hungary. His family name was changed to Szilard in 1900. Szilard was a precocious child, and he took an interest in physics at the age of thirteen. He attended public school in Budapest before being drafted into the Austro-Hungarian army in 1917. In the army he was sent to officer's training school, but he was spared from active duty by a severe case of influenza. After the war he remained in Budapest but, due to political unrest and a lack of suitable educational opportunities, he left for Berlin in 1919.
In Berlin Szilard studied engineering at the Institute of Technology (Technische Hochschule), but his primary interest was physics. He was attracted to the work of great physicists like Albert Einstein, Max Planck, Max Von Laue, Erwin Schroedinger, Walter Nernst, and Fritz Haber -- most of whom were teaching in Berlin at that time.
In 1921 Szilard gave up his engineering studies and enrolled at the University of Berlin, where he studied physics under Max von Laue, among others. He earned his doctorate -- cum laude -- in August 1922 after submitting his dissertation entitled Uber die thermodynamischen Schwankungserscheinungen. In this work Szilard showed "that the Second Law of Thermodynamics covers not only the mean values, as was up to then believed, but also determines the general form of the law that governs the fluctuating values." The dissertation presented ideas relating to what would become the foundation of modern information theory.
Szilard began postdoctoral work at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute in Berlin with Hermann Mark. Szilard's studies focused on the anomalous scattering of X-rays in crystals and the polarization of X-rays by reflection on crystals. Between 1925 and 1933, he applied for numerous patents, often with Albert Einstein. One of the Szilard-Einstein patents covered the invention of a new refrigeration system based on a method for pumping metals by a moving magnetic field. The two physicists hoped to interest the company A.E.G. (the German General Electric company) in producing a practical refrigerator based on their patent. Although this refrigerator was never produced, the refrigeration system was used effectively in the U.S in 1942 to develop an atomic reactor.
In 1933, with Hitler's rise to power in Germany, Szilard moved to England. In London he collaborated with T.A. Chalmers at St. Bartholomew's Hospital. There they developed the Szilard-Chalmers process, a technique to chemically separate radioactive elements from their stable isotopes. Much of Szilard's activity during this period related to his efforts to register his patents in England and to secure income with the help of the firm of Claremont, Haynes, and Company. Szilard's associates in various ventures included Isbert Adams, Arno Brasch, T.M. Vogelstein, R. Kammitzer, and Benjamin Liebowitz. Szilard also influenced Sir William Beveridge to found the Academic Assistance Council, an organization created to help persecuted scientists leave Nazi Germany. Between 1935 and 1937 he worked as a research physicist at the Clarendon Laboratory, Oxford University.
It was on a street corner in London, in October 1933, that Szilard first conceived of the possibility of a nuclear chain reaction. The possibility of such a chain-reaction -- the process essential for the releasing of atomic energy -- had been dismissed by the eminent physicist Lord Ernest Rutherford. Szilard successfully proved Rutherford wrong.
Szilard visited the United States several times in the mid-1930s, and he began to consider a move to America as the prospects for war in Europe increased. In 1938, at the time of the Munich pact, Szilard was a visiting lecturer in the United States. He decided to shift his residence to New York in anticipation of England's weakening policy toward Germany and the impending world war.
At the Pupin Laboratories at Columbia University, Szilard collaborated with Walter Zinn to research neutron emissions. They discovered that two fast neutrons are probably emitted in the fission process, and that the element uranium might sustain a chain reaction. Subsequent investigations with Enrico Fermi and Herbert Anderson, also at Columbia, demonstrated that a system composed of water and uranium oxide approached the requirements for a self-sustaining chain reaction. Szilard elaborated on a graphite uranium system in his manuscript entitled "Divergent Chain Reactions in a System Composed of Uranium and Carbon" (later expanded into the "A-55 Report" for the Metallurgical Laboratory in Chicago) which was submitted and accepted (although withheld) for publication in the Physical Review on February 16, 1940.
With the start of World War II, Szilard became intensely concerned about the applications of the new atomic theories to the development of weapons. Knowing that German nuclear research was at an advanced stage, he felt that the work being conducted by him and his colleagues should be withheld from publication. Szilard and his colleagues Eugene Wigner and Edward Teller hoped to gain the financial support of the United States Government in underwriting the cost of a definitive, large-scale experiment to prove that a sustained nuclear chain reaction was possible. Together they enlisted the assistance and influence of Albert Einstein. With Einstein's consent, Szilard drafted a letter, which was signed by Einstein and delivered to President Roosevelt by Alexander Sachs in October 1939. This letter outlined the possibility of the chain reaction and its implications for national defense.
Szilard's work on atomic energy intensified during World War II. With governmental support approved by President Roosevelt and with the assistance of the National Bureau of Standards, Szilard began to procure graphite and uranium through negotiations with suppliers like the National Carbon Company. These materials were necessary components for a large scale chain-reaction experiment. From February 1942 to July 1946, Szilard worked as "Chief Physicist" for Arthur H. Compton at the Metallurgical Laboratory of the University of Chicago. This Laboratory was one of the chief research centers for the development of the atomic bomb, in what would come to be called the Manhattan Project.
On December 2, 1942, Szilard and his colleagues demonstrated the first nuclear chain reaction. This demonstration took place in the graphite block reactor built under the grandstand at the University of Chicago's Stagg Field. This successful experiment was in part the result of Szilard's atomic theories.
Throughout the Manhattan Project, Szilard was often frustrated by cumbersome government administration and security regulations. Like other scientists involved in the project, he felt uneasy about the dominant role played by the military in the project. Many of his memoranda from the period reflect these concerns.
Szilard viewed the production of the atomic bomb as a necessary counter-measure to the possibility of German nuclear development and deployment, but he foresaw the global consequences of the proliferation of this weapon. After Germany surrendered, Szilard organized his colleagues to press for limitations in the use of the atomic bomb. He drafted a letter to President Roosevelt urging restraint in the use of the bomb, but the President died before the letter could be delivered. In the spring of 1945, Szilard influenced a group of scientists to produce the Franck Report, which outlined the dangers of a nuclear arms race. The report advised against the use of an atomic bomb against Japanese civilians, advocating instead a non-combat demonstration.
In July 1945 Szilard circulated a petition urging President Truman not to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima. A revised version of this petition was eventually signed by 68 scientists at the Metallurgical Laboratory. It was strongly opposed by General Groves, head of the Manhattan Project, on the grounds that such a petition would breach security and expose the existence of the atomic bomb. The petition did not reach the president. After Japan's surrender Szilard worked to defeat the May-Johnson bill, which sought to place atomic energy in the hands of the military.
After the war Szilard began to focus on biology, a field he had long been interested in. He resigned from the Metallurgical Laboratory on June 1, 1946, and became a half-time professor of biophysics at the Institute of Radiobiology and Biophysics at the University of Chicago. He also worked half-time for the University's Division of Social Sciences as Adviser to the Office of Inquiry into the Social Aspects of Atomic Energy. For the academic year 1953-1954, Szilard served as a visiting professor of biophysics at Brandeis University. In 1956, he became a professor of biophysics at the Enrico Fermi Institute for Nuclear Studies at the University of Chicago. To broaden his knowledge of biology he often attended seminars and conferences, such as the Cold Springs Harbor Symposium in New York.
Throughout the 1950s Szilard continued his biological research. In Chicago he collaborated with Aaron Novick to develop the "chemostat," a device for "maintaining a multiplying population of bacteria under conditions not changing in time." Numerous articles resulted from his research, including "Experiments with the chemostat on spontaneous mutation of bacteria," "Anti-mutagens," and "On the nature of the aging process." Szilard's theory of aging, a major outgrowth of his research, became a continuing interest in his later life. Much of Szilard's research funding came from contracts and grants with organizations such as the National Advisory Health Council and the Office of Naval Research. He also worked as a consultant to private industry, and his patents for a "liquid-liquid extractor" were used by Podbielniak, Inc.
Szilard became increasingly active in public political activities during the Postwar period. In his lectures he advocated nuclear arms control, world government, and an elite leadership role for the international scientific community. Many of his ideas were inspired by the works of H.G. Wells, which he had read avidly as a young man. Wells's book The World Set Free (London, 1914), which had predicted the development of atomic power, had made a great impression on Szilard when he read it in 1932.
In 1947, Szilard published a "letter to Stalin" in the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. In the letter he urged world leaders to openly exchange ideas in an effort to mitigate the growing Cold War. In his appeal he took a balanced view of the peace process, blaming neither the U.S. or the Soviet Union for the situation. In the late 1950s Szilard's ideas inspired Albert Einstein and Bertrand Russell to organize an international conferences of concerned scientists. The first conference took place at Pugwash, Nova Scotia in 1957, and subsequent conferences, named after the location of the first meeting, have been held throughout the world since then.
After 1958, with the increasing threat of nuclear war, Szilard's political activities intensified. Between October 1959 and October 1960 he carried on a series of interactions with Soviet Premier Nikita Khruschev which culminated in a two hour interview in New York. Szilard proposed the development of a Moscow-Washington "hot line," which could facilitate communications between super-power leaders in the interest of global peace. With the election of President Kennedy, Szilard moved to Washington, D.C., taking up residence at the DuPont Plaza Hotel. He criticized Kennedy's handling of the Bay of Pigs debacle and the President's bomb shelter program. Szilard offered to personally intercede with Khruschev during the Berlin Crisis in 1961.
Throughout the early 1960s Szilard continued his advocacy of global cooperation. In 1961 he began a lecture tour which would take him to eight college campuses. His first lecture, at the Harvard Law School Forum on November 17, 1961, was entitled "Are We on the Road to War?" From these and other efforts came an organization known as the Council for a Livable World, a political action committee which encouraged members to donate two percent of their income to designated political candidates. In 1962, Szilard attempted unsuccessfully to organize informal meetings between lesser officials of both the United States and the Soviet Union in what he termed the "Angels Project."
Szilard wrote extensively during this period. He suggested rules for nuclear age living in "How to Live with the Bomb and Survive" (1960). He wrote a futuristic work of fiction entitled The Voice of the Dolphins (1961). In this work Szilard had the dolphins describe the debacle of human society, out of which they have inherited the earth. He carried on his writing during two courses of radiation treatments for bladder cancer in 1960 and 1962. While undergoing these treatments in New York City's Memorial Hospital, Szilard also made an extensive series of tape recordings relating to his life and his involvement in the Manhattan Project.
In July 1963, Szilard was appointed as a non-resident fellow at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in La Jolla, California. He had known Jonas Salk since the late 1950s, and many of Szilard's ideas had influenced Salk in the planning of the Institute. Szilard moved to La Jolla in February 1964. There he intended to work in biophysics as a Resident Fellow of the Salk Institute. But three months later, on May 30, 1964, he died of a heart attack.
Szilard lived a peripatetic life. After leaving Budapest in 1919 he had no true permanent residence. He stayed mostly in hotels, and his associations with various universities were usually tenuous. Because he had no long-term institutional affiliations, Szilard had difficulty in marshalling the material forces -- such as a clerical and laboratory staff -- needed to follow through on many of his important ideas. Szilard was essentially a thinker, and he preferred to leave for others the tasks involved in implementing his ideas.
Szilard's life gained some stability through his relationship with Dr. Gertrude Weiss. Weiss was a physician who had fled Nazi Germany in 1930s. She met Szilard before the war, and the two were married in the United States in 1951. Still, the couple often lived apart, and Szilard considered himself a "bachelor at heart."
For more detailed biographical information, see Leo Szilard: His Version of the Facts, edited by Spencer Weart and Gertrude Weiss Szilard (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, c1978) and the "Introduction" by Barton Bernstein to Helen Hawkins, et al., eds., Toward a Livable World: Leo Szilard and the Crusade for Nuclear Arms Control (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, c. 1987), p. xvii-lxxiv. Finally, a full-length biography of Szilard by William Lanouette has been published entitled Genius in the Shadows: A Biography of Leo Szilard, the Man Behind the Bomb.

Publication Rights

Publication rights are held by the creator of the collection.

Preferred Citation

Leo Szilard Papers, MSS 32. Special Colllections & Archives, UC San Diego.

Acquisition Information

Acquired 1984-1998.

Digital Content

Selected materials from the collection have been digitized with grant funding from the National Historical Publication and Records Commission (NHPRC) and can be viewed through links in the container list, or by clicking the link below.

Restrictions

Original audiovisual materials in the collection are restricted; digitized surrogates may be used. Fragile documents have been restricted for preservation reasons, though photocopies and scans may be consulted.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955 -- Correspondence
Fermi, Enrico, 1901-1954 -- Correspondence
Fulbright, J. William (James William), 1905-1995 -- Correspondence
Hahn, Otto, 1879-1968 -- Correspondence
Humphrey, Hubert H. (Hubert Horatio), 1911-1978 -- Correspondence
Joliot-Curie, Frédéric -- Correspondence
Manhattan Project (U.S.).
Pauling, Linus, 1901-1994 -- Correspondence
Polyani, Michael, 1891- -- Correspondence
Salk, Jonas, 1914-1995 -- Correspondence
Szilard, Gertrud Weiss -- Archives
Szilard, Gertrud Weiss -- Correspondence
Szilard, Leo -- Archives
Teller, Edward, 1908-2003 -- Correspondence
Urey, Harold Clayton, 1893-1981 -- Correspondence
Weiss, Egon
Wigner, Eugene Paul, 1902-1995 -- Correspondence
Atomic bomb -- United States
Nuclear arms control
Nuclear nonproliferation
Nuclear physics
Portrait photographs -- 1898-1977
Science -- Social aspects

 

Accession Processed in 1988

 

BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS

Scope and Content of Series

Series 1) BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS contain primary personal documents, such as certificates and passports, which largely record Szilard's life prior to his emigration from Germany to England in 1933. Included are materials created by other family members, such as Szilard's father's memoir. Also included are biographical articles and sketches and autobiographical materials. Many of the passports and immigration papers contain photographs of Szilard.
 

Personal documents

Box 1, Folder 1

Birth certificate

 

Birth certificate

Box 1, Folder 2, Oversize FB-129-02

Awards and certificates

 

Awards and certificates

Box 1, Folder 3

Curriculum vitae

 

Curriculum vitae

Box 1, Folder 4

Doctoral dissertation

 

Doctoral dissertation

Box 1, Folder 5

Marriage certificate

 

Marriage certificate

Box 1, Folder 6

Obituaries

 
Box 1, Folder 7

Passports

 
Box 1, Folder 8

Will and testament - Leo Szilard 1955

 

Will and testament - Leo Szilard, 1955

Box 1, Folder 9

Will and testament - Gertrude Weiss Szilard 1958

 

Will and testament - Gertrude Weiss Szilard, 1958

 

Miscellaneous documents

Box 1, Folder 10

1916

Box 1, Folder 11-13

1918 - 1920

 

Miscellaneous documents - 1918

 

Miscellaneous documents - 1920

 

Miscellaneous documents - 1919

Box 1, Folder 14-17

1922 - 1925

 

Miscellaneous documents - 1925

 

Miscellaneous documents - 1924

 

Miscellaneous documents - 1923

 

Miscellaneous documents - 1922

Box 1, Folder 18-22

1927 - 1931

 

Miscellaneous documents - 1930

 

Miscellaneous documents - 1929

 

Miscellaneous documents - 1931

 

Miscellaneous documents - 1928

 

Miscellaneous documents - 1927

 

University documents

Box 1, Folder 23

General materials and early photographs

 

General materials and early photographs

Box 1, Folder 24, Oversize FB-129-11

Report book and doctoral certificate

 

Report book and doctoral certificate

Box 1, Folder 25

Early receipts

 

Early receipts

Box 1, Folder 26

Polizeiliche Abmeldung 1920 - 1931

 

Polizeiliche Abmeldung, 1920 - 1931

Box 1, Folder 27

Immigration -- United States

 

Immigration -- United States

Box 1, Folder 28

Medical reports

 

Medical reports

Box 1, Folder 29

Selective Service

 

Selective Service

 

Family affairs

Box 2, Folder 1

Family emigration to United States

 

Family emigration to United States

Box 2, Folder 2

Family property in Hungary

 

Family property in Hungary

Box 2, Folder 3

Polizeiliche Abmeldung. Adalbert "Bela" Szilard 1923

 

Polizeiliche Abmeldung. Adalbert "Bela" Szilard, 1923

 

Errinnerunger aus meinem Leben

Box 2, Folder 4

Original manuscript[?]

 

Original manuscript[?]

Box 2, Folder 5

Appendix

 
Box 2, Folder 6

English translation

 

English translation

Box 2, Folder 7-8

Biographical data and list of publications 1922 - 1946

 

Biographical data and list of publications, 1922 - 1946

 

Biographical data and list of publications, 1922 - 1946

Box 2, Folder 9

Biographical notes and sketches

 

Biographical notes and sketches

Box 2, Folder 10

Biographical publications

 

Biographical publications

 

Articles about Leo Szilard

Box 2, Folder 11-12

Miscellaneous articles with references to Leo Szilard (photocopies)

 

Miscellaneous articles with references to Leo Szilard (photocopies) - part 1

 

Miscellaneous articles with references to Leo Szilard (photocopies) - part 2

Box 3, Folder 1

Anderson, Herbert L. "The Legacy of Fermi and Szilard" 1974

 

Anderson, Herbert L. "The Legacy of Fermi and Szilard" , 1974

Box 3, Folder 2

Anderson, Herbert L. "Three questions about the sustained nuclear chain reaction" 1973

 

Anderson, Herbert L. "Three questions about the sustained nuclear chain reaction" , 1973

Box 3, Folder 3

Coffin, Tristram. "Leo Szilard: The Conscience of a Scientist." 1964

 

Coffin, Tristram. "Leo Szilard: The Conscience of a Scientist." , 1964

Box 3, Folder 4

Commonweal. "Lobby for Peace" 1951

 

Commonweal. "Lobby for Peace", 1951

Box 3, Folder 5

Denver Post - "The Giants," comic strip 1967

 

Denver Post - "The Giants," comic strip, 1967

Box 3, Folder 6

Gwertzman, Bernard. "The world has six years to live" 1963

 

Gwertzman, Bernard. "The world has six years to live", 1963

Box 3, Folder 7

Halasz, Nicholas and Robert. "Leo Szilard, the Reluctant Father of the Atomic Bomb" 1947

 

Halasz, Nicholas and Robert. "Leo Szilard, the Reluctant Father of the Atomic Bomb" , 1947

Box 3, Folder 8

Hester, H.B. "Leo Szilard" 1964

 

Hester, H.B. "Leo Szilard", 1964

Box 3, Folder 9

Irwin, Theodore. "The legend that is Leo Szilard" 1961

 

Irwin, Theodore. "The legend that is Leo Szilard", 1961

Box 3, Folder 10

Jaffe, Bernard. "Szilard" 1973

 

Jaffe, Bernard. "Szilard", 1973

Box 3, Folder 11

Lear, John. "A theory of how we age" 1959

 

Lear, John. "A theory of how we age", 1959

Box 3, Folder 12

Lerner, Max. "Life of a Man" 1960

 

Lerner, Max. "Life of a Man", 1960

Box 3, Folder 13

Life Magazine. "I'm looking for a market for wisdom: Leo Szilard, scientist" 1961

 

Life Magazine. "I'm looking for a market for wisdom: Leo Szilard, scientist" , 1961

Box 3, Folder 14

Mann, W.B. "The cyclotron" 1953

 

Mann, W.B. "The cyclotron", 1953

Box 3, Folder 15

Scott, Walter. "Personality parade" 1971

 

Scott, Walter. "Personality parade", 1971

Box 3, Folder 16

Science. Cover photo 1946

Box 3, Folder 17

Science and Technology. "Thinking ahead with...Leo Szilard" 1962

 

Science and Technology. "Thinking ahead with...Leo Szilard", 1962

Box 3, Folder 18

Smith, Alice Kimball. "After Hiroshima" 1965

 

Smith, Alice Kimball. "After Hiroshima", 1965

Box 3, Folder 19

Smith, Alice Kimball. "Rabinowitch awarded Kalinga Prize" 1966

 

Smith, Alice Kimball. "Rabinowitch awarded Kalinga Prize" , 1966

Box 3, Folder 20

Smith, Donald O. "Two percent for peace" 1962

 

Smith, Donald O. "Two percent for peace", 1962

Box 3, Folder 21

Swing, Raymond. "Raymond Swing's Broadcast" 1945

 

Swing, Raymond. "Raymond Swing's Broadcast", 1945

Box 3, Folder 22

Walsh, John. "A conversation with Eugene Wigner" 1973

 

Walsh, John. "A conversation with Eugene Wigner", 1973

Box 3, Folder 23

Wigner, E.P. "Ideas before the discovery of nuclear fission" 1941

 

Wigner, E.P. "Ideas before the discovery of nuclear fission", 1941

Box 3, Folder 24

Wigner, E.P. "Leo Szilard, 1898-1964: A biographical memoir by Eugene Wigner" 1969

 

Wigner, E.P. "Leo Szilard, 1898-1964: A biographical memoir by Eugene Wigner", 1969

Box 3, Folder 25

Wolf, Anthony. Look Magazine, "Twenty-five years with the bomb" 1967

 

Wolf, Anthony. Look Magazine, "Twenty-five years with the bomb" , 1967

Box 3, Folder 26

Zaslausky, David. "Of Dolphins and Men" 1962

 

Zaslausky, David. "Of Dolphins and Men", 1962

 

CORRESPONDENCE

Scope and Content of Series

Series 2) CORRESPONDENCE brings together all of Szilard's communications previously scattered throughout the collection. Incoming and outgoing correspondence is filed together. Arranged alphabetically, the correspondence has been gathered and organized by correspondent. Third party correspondence from "X" to "Y" is also interfiled under the author "X". For exchanges with individuals involving less than three items, materials are foldered with others, alphabetically by correspondent in "miscellaneous" files (e.g. "A Misc.", "B Misc.", etc.). Works of unidentified correspondents are located at the beginning of the general correspondence.
In general, the correspondence prior to 1946 is less extensive but more significant. This situation reflects Szilard's greater involvement in public life after World War II. Prominent correspondents include Enrico Fermi, J. William Fulbright, Otto Hahn, Hubert Humphrey, Frederic Joliot-Curie, Linus Pauling, Michael Polanyi, Jonas Salk, Edward Teller, Harold C. Urey, and Eugene P. Wigner. Also included are copies of correspondence with Albert Einstein.
Box 3, Folder 27

Unidentified correspondents

 

Unidentified correspondents

Box 3, Folder 28

A - Miscellaneous

 

A - Miscellaneous

Box 3, Folder 29

A.A. Thornton and Co. 1949

 

A.A. Thornton and Co., 1949

Box 3, Folder 30

Academic Press 1957 - 1962

 

Academic Press, 1957 - 1962

Box 3, Folder 31-32

Adam, Isbert 1935 - 1954

 

Adam, Isbert, 1935 - 1954

 

Adam, Isbert, 1935 - 1954

Box 4, Folder 1

Adey, W. Ross 1964

 

Adey, W. Ross, 1964

Box 4, Folder 2

Admiralty. (U.K.). Director of Naval Contracts 1936 - 1939

 

Admiralty. (U.K.). Director of Naval Contracts, 1936 - 1939

Box 4, Folder 3

Alexander, Archibald S. 1950 - 1957

 

Alexander, Archibald S., 1950 - 1957

Box 4, Folder 4

Alger, Ferris E. 1956 - 1963

 

Alger, Ferris E., 1956 - 1963

Box 4, Folder 5

Allison, Samuel K. 1941 - 1962

 

Allison, Samuel K., 1941 - 1962

Box 4, Folder 6

Alperovitz, Gar 1961

 

Alperovitz, Gar, 1961

Box 4, Folder 7

America: National Catholic Weekly Review 1955 - 1962

 

America: National Catholic Weekly Review, 1955 - 1962

Box 4, Folder 8

American Academy of Arts and Sciences 1956 - 1963

 

American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1956 - 1963

Box 4, Folder 9

American Institute of Physics 1940 - 1946

 

American Institute of Physics, 1940 - 1946

Box 4, Folder 10

American Physical Society 1952 - 1964

 

American Physical Society, 1952 - 1964

Box 4, Folder 11

Amrine, Michael 1956 - 1960

 

Amrine, Michael, 1956 - 1960

Box 4, Folder 12

Anderson, Herbert L. 1941 - 1963

 

Anderson, Herbert L., 1941 - 1963

Box 4, Folder 13

Anker, Herbert 1951 - 1963

 

Anker, Herbert, 1951 - 1963

Box 4, Folder 14

Annenburg, Norman 1944 - 1962

 

Annenburg, Norman, 1944 - 1962

Box 4, Folder 15

Appleyard, R.K. 1961

 

Appleyard, R.K., 1961

Box 4, Folder 16

Argonne National Laboratory 1956 - 1961

 

Argonne National Laboratory, 1956 - 1961

Box 4, Folder 17

Atomic Energy Commission 1949 - 1963

 

Atomic Energy Commission, 1949 - 1963

Box 4, Folder 18

Auger, Pierre 1943 - 1957

 

Auger, Pierre, 1943 - 1957

Box 4, Folder 19-20

B - Miscellaneous

Box 4, Folder 21

Barr, Stringfellow 1950 - 1962

 

Barr, Stringfellow, 1950 - 1962

Box 4, Folder 22

Bartky, W. 1945

 

Bartky, W., 1945

Box 4, Folder 23

Bartlett, Charles 1961

 

Bartlett, Charles, 1961

Box 4, Folder 24

Baumgartner, Leona 1956 - 1961

 

Baumgartner, Leona, 1956 - 1961

Box 4, Folder 25

Beadle, George 1956 - 1964

 

Beadle, George, 1956 - 1964

Box 4, Folder 26

Beatty, R.A. 1963 - 1964

 

Beatty, R.A., 1963 - 1964

Box 4, Folder 27

Benjamin, John 1950 - 1958

 

Benjamin, John, 1950 - 1958

Box 4, Folder 28

Bernardini, Gilberto 1963

 

Bernardini, Gilberto, 1963

Box 4, Folder 29

Bethe, Hans A. 1950 - 1962

 

Bethe, Hans A., 1950 - 1962

Box 4, Folder 30

Beveridge, Sir William 1933

 

Beveridge, Sir William, 1933

Box 4, Folder 31

Bhabha, H.L. 1955 - 1960

 

Bhabha, H.L., 1955 - 1960

Box 4, Folder 32

Blackett, Patrick M.S. 1939 - 1964

 

Blackett, Patrick M.S., 1939 - 1964

Box 4, Folder 33

Blum, Walter 1951 - 1955

 

Blum, Walter, 1951 - 1955

Box 4, Folder 34

Bohr, Niels 1936 - 1950

 

Bohr, Niels, 1936 - 1950

Box 4, Folder 35

Bowersox, Jeanne 1948 - 1950

 

Bowersox, Jeanne, 1948 - 1950

Box 4, Folder 36

Bowles, Chester 1955 - 1961

 

Bowles, Chester, 1955 - 1961

Box 5, Folder 1

Bowstead, W.J. 1935

 

Bowstead, W.J., 1935

Box 5, Folder 2

Bradbury, Norris E. 1959

 

Bradbury, Norris E., 1959

Box 5, Folder 3

Brandeis University 1952 - 1954

 

Brandeis University, 1952 - 1954

Box 5, Folder 4

Brasch, Arno 1934 - 1951

 

Brasch, Arno, 1934 - 1951

Box 5, Folder 5

Braun, Werner 1951 - 1952

 

Braun, Werner, 1951 - 1952

Box 5, Folder 6

Breit, Gregory 1936 - 1941

 

Breit, Gregory, 1936 - 1941

Box 5, Folder 7

Brennan, D.G. 1960 - 1963

 

Brennan, D.G., 1960 - 1963

Box 5, Folder 8

Bresler, S.E. 1960

 

Bresler, S.E., 1960

Box 5, Folder 9

Briggs, Lyman 1939 - 1941

 

Briggs, Lyman, 1939 - 1941

Box 5, Folder 10

Bronk, Detlev 1956 - 1958

 

Bronk, Detlev, 1956 - 1958

Box 5, Folder 11

Bronowski, Jacob 1964

 

Bronowski, Jacob, 1964

Box 5, Folder 12

Brower, Michael 1961 - 1962

 

Brower, Michael, 1961 - 1962

Box 5, Folder 13

Brown, George 1950 - 1951

 

Brown, George, 1950 - 1951

Box 5, Folder 14

Brown, Harrison 1947 - 1963

 

Brown, Harrison, 1947 - 1963

Box 5, Folder 15

Brush Beryllium Company 1940 - 1942

 

Brush Beryllium Company, 1940 - 1942

Box 5, Folder 16

Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 1949 - 1964

 

Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 1949 - 1964

Box 5, Folder 17

Bulletin of the Research Exchancge on the Prevention of War 1955

 

Bulletin of the Research Exchancge on the Prevention of War, 1955

Box 5, Folder 18

Burdick, Quentin N. 1964

 

Burdick, Quentin N., 1964

Box 5, Folder 19

Burgers, Jim 1948

 

Burgers, Jim, 1948

Box 5, Folder 20

Burkeholder, Paul R. 1950 - 1961

 

Burkeholder, Paul R., 1950 - 1961

Box 5, Folder 21

Bush, Vannevar 1941 - 1951

 

Bush, Vannevar, 1941 - 1951

Box 5, Folder 22-23

C - Miscellaneous

Box 6, Folder 1

Cabot, Henry B. 1950

 

Cabot, Henry B., 1950

Box 6, Folder 2

California Institute of Technology 1957 - 1962

 

California Institute of Technology, 1957 - 1962

Box 6, Folder 3

Canadian Radium and Uranium Corporation 1941 - 1960

 

Canadian Radium and Uranium Corporation, 1941 - 1960

Box 6, Folder 4

Canfield, Cass 1955 - 1957

 

Canfield, Cass, 1955 - 1957

Box 6, Folder 5

Cassil, R.V. 1955

 

Cassil, R.V., 1955

Box 6, Folder 6

Cattier, Jean E.V. 1939

 

Cattier, Jean E.V., 1939

Box 6, Folder 7

Cavanaugh, Father John J. 1952 - 1955

 

Cavanaugh, Father John J., 1952 - 1955

Box 6, Folder 8

Centennial Review of Arts and Sciences 1956

 

Centennial Review of Arts and Sciences , 1956

Box 6, Folder 9

Central Trading Corporation 1941

 

Central Trading Corporation, 1941

Box 6, Folder 10

Cerro de Pasco Copper Corporation 1941

 

Cerro de Pasco Copper Corporation, 1941

Box 6, Folder 11

Charles E. Chapin Company 1939 - 1940

 

Charles E. Chapin Company, 1939 - 1940

Box 6, Folder 12

Charlton, Peter 1961 - 1962

 

Charlton, Peter, 1961 - 1962

Box 6, Folder 13

Cherne, Leo 1961

 

Cherne, Leo, 1961

Box 6, Folder 14

Claremont, Haynes, and Company 1935 - 1949

 

Claremont, Haynes, and Company, 1935 - 1949

Box 6, Folder 15

Clark, Colin 1952 - 1955

 

Clark, Colin, 1952 - 1955

Box 6, Folder 16

Clark, Edward F., Jr. 1950

 

Clark, Edward F., Jr., 1950

Box 6, Folder 17

Clark, Grenville 1950 - 1954

 

Clark, Grenville, 1950 - 1954

Box 6, Folder 18

Clark, Tom C., Attorney General 1947

 

Clark, Tom C., Attorney General , 1947

Box 6, Folder 19

Coatsworth, Janet 1952 - 1961

 

Coatsworth, Janet, 1952 - 1961

Box 6, Folder 20

Cobas, Almador 1950

 

Cobas, Almador, 1950

Box 6, Folder 21

Cockroft, J.D. 1936 - 1949

 

Cockroft, J.D., 1936 - 1949

Box 6, Folder 22

Coffin, Tristram 1962 - 1963

 

Coffin, Tristram, 1962 - 1963

Box 6, Folder 23

Coggeshall, L.T. 1949 - 1953

 

Coggeshall, L.T., 1949 - 1953

Box 6, Folder 24

Colorado College 1963

 

Colorado College, 1963

Box 6, Folder 25

Columbia Broadcasting System 1960 - 1962

 

Columbia Broadcasting System, 1960 - 1962

Box 6, Folder 26

Columbia University 1938 - 1961

 

Columbia University, 1938 - 1961

Box 6, Folder 27

Commission to Study the Organization of Peace 1950

 

Commission to Study the Organization of Peace, 1950

Box 6, Folder 28

Commonwealth Fund 1949 - 1957

 

Commonwealth Fund, 1949 - 1957

Box 6, Folder 29-30

Compton, Arthur Holly 1941 - 1945

 

Compton, Arthur Holly - part 1

 

Compton, Arthur Holly - part 2

Box 6, Folder 31

Condon, Edward U. 1942 - 1950

 

Condon, Edward U., 1942 - 1950

Box 6, Folder 32

Conservation Foundation 1952 - 1962

 

Conservation Foundation, 1952 - 1962

Box 6, Folder 33

Cornell College 1956 - 1964

 

Cornell College, 1956 - 1964

Box 6, Folder 34

Cosmo Company 1963

 

Cosmo Company, 1963

Box 6, Folder 35

Council for a Livable World 1964

 

Council for a Livable World, 1964

Box 6, Folder 36

Crawford, Malcolm D. 1958

 

Crawford, Malcolm D., 1958

Box 6, Folder 37

Creutz, Edward 1945 - 1957

 

Creutz, Edward, 1945 - 1957

Box 6, Folder 38

Crick, Francis H.C. 1957

 

Crick, Francis H.C., 1957

Box 6, Folder 39

Critchett, J.H. 1941

 

Critchett, J.H., 1941

Box 6, Folder 40

Crowe, James F. 1958 - 1959

 

Crowe, James F., 1958 - 1959

Box 6, Folder 41

Czechoslovak Academy of Science 1963 - 1964

 

Czechoslovak Academy of Science, 1963 - 1964

Box 7, Folder 1

D - Miscellaneous

 

D - Miscellaneous

Box 7, Folder 2

Daedalus 1960

 

Daedalus, 1960

Box 7, Folder 3

Dahlitz, R.H. 1957

 

Dahlitz, R.H., 1957

Box 7, Folder 4

Danielli, Jim 1950 - 1952

 

Danielli, Jim, 1950 - 1952

Box 7, Folder 5

Daniels, Farrington 1945 - 1962

 

Daniels, Farrington, 1945 - 1962

Box 7, Folder 6

Dailey, Ward 1947 - 1964

 

Dailey, Ward, 1947 - 1964

Box 7, Folder 7

Davies, T.H. 1951 - 1952

 

Davies, T.H., 1951 - 1952

Box 7, Folder 8

Davis, Bernard 1950 - 1957

 

Davis, Bernard, 1950 - 1957

Box 7, Folder 9

Delbruck, Max 1933 - 1960

 

Delbruck, Max, 1933 - 1960

Box 7, Folder 10

Demerec, M. 1951 - 1952

 

Demerec, M., 1951 - 1952

Box 7, Folder 11

Dempster, E.R. 1943 - 1959

 

Dempster, E.R., 1943 - 1959

Box 7, Folder 12

DePeyer-Einerson, Jean 1960 - 1961

 

DePeyer-Einerson, Jean, 1960 - 1961

Box 7, Folder 13

Detre, Rose - Leo Szilard's sister 1947 - 1962

 

Detre, Rose - Leo Szilard's sister, 1947 - 1962

Box 7, Folder 14

Didier Publishers 1950 - 1954

 

Didier Publishers, 1950 - 1954

Box 7, Folder 15

Dirac, P.A.M. 1935

 

Dirac, P.A.M., 1935

Box 7, Folder 16

Doan, R.L. 1942 - 1956

 

Doan, R.L., 1942 - 1956

Box 7, Folder 17

Doering, William 1957 - 1964

 

Doering, William, 1957 - 1964

Box 7, Folder 18

Dollard, Charles 1950

 

Dollard, Charles, 1950

Box 7, Folder 19

Doty, Paul 1960

 

Doty, Paul, 1960

Box 7, Folder 20

Downes, Jean 1950

 

Downes, Jean, 1950

Box 7, Folder 21

Dunn, Gano 1932 - 1939

 

Dunn, Gano, 1932 - 1939

Box 7, Folder 22

E - Miscellaneous

 

E - Miscellaneous

Box 7, Folder 23

Easton, Anthony 1957

 

Easton, Anthony, 1957

Box 7, Folder 24

Eaton, Cyrus 1957 - 1962

 

Eaton, Cyrus, 1957 - 1962

Box 7, Folder 25

Eckart, Carl 1951 - 1960

 

Eckart, Carl, 1951 - 1960

Box 7, Folder 26

Edsall, John 1960 - 1962

 

Edsall, John, 1960 - 1962

Box 7, Folder 27

Einstein, Albert 1933 - 1952

 

Einstein, Albert, 1933 - 1952

Box 7, Folder 28

Eisenhower, Dwight D. 1960

 

Eisenhower, Dwight D., 1960

Box 7, Folder 29

Eldorado Gold Mines, Ltd. 1941

 

Eldorado Gold Mines, Ltd., 1941

Box 7, Folder 30

Electrical and Musical Industries Ltd. 1934 - 1935

 

Electrical and Musical Industries Ltd., 1934 - 1935

Box 7, Folder 31

Engstrom, Anne 1964

 

Engstrom, Anne, 1964

Box 7, Folder 32

Ephrussi, Boris 1950 - 1952

 

Ephrussi, Boris, 1950 - 1952

Box 7, Folder 33

Esslinger, William 1955

 

Esslinger, William, 1955

Box 8, Folder 1

F - Miscellaneous

 

F - Miscellaneous

Box 8, Folder 2

Faymonville, Philip 1955

 

Faymonville, Philip, 1955

Box 8, Folder 3

Federal Security Agency. Public Health Service. National Institutes of Health 1950 - 1952

 

Federal Security Agency. Public Health Service. National Institutes of Health, 1950 - 1952

Box 8, Folder 4

Feld, Bernard T. 1952 - 1964

 

Feld, Bernard T., 1952 - 1964

Box 8, Folder 5

Feltrinelli, Giangiacomo 1961

 

Feltrinelli, Giangiacomo, 1961

Box 8, Folder 6

Fermi, Enrico 1936 - 1944

 

Fermi, Enrico, 1936 - 1944

Box 8, Folder 7

Fermi, Laura 1957 - 1959

 

Fermi, Laura, 1957 - 1959

Box 8, Folder 8

Field, Marshall 1955

 

Field, Marshall, 1955

Box 8, Folder 9

Finletter, Thomas 1947 - 1955

 

Finletter, Thomas, 1947 - 1955

Box 8, Folder 10

Finn, Robert 1962 - 1964

 

Finn, Robert, 1962 - 1964

Box 8, Folder 11

Fisher, Roger 1962 - 1964

 

Fisher, Roger, 1962 - 1964

Box 8, Folder 12

Florentin, Daniel 1949

 

Florentin, Daniel, 1949

Box 8, Folder 13

Forbes, Allan 1961 - 1964

 

Forbes, Allan, 1961 - 1964

Box 8, Folder 14

Ford Foundation 1955 - 1962

 

Ford Foundation, 1955 - 1962

Box 8, Folder 15

Foreign Affairs 1956 - 1960

 

Foreign Affairs, 1956 - 1960

Box 8, Folder 16

Foster, William 1960 - 1963

 

Foster, William, 1960 - 1963

Box 8, Folder 17

Fox, Maurice 1951 - 1962

 

Fox, Maurice, 1951 - 1962

Box 8, Folder 18

Frank, Louise 1955 - 1963

 

Frank, Louise, 1955 - 1963

Box 8, Folder 19

Fremont-Smith, Frank 1963

 

Fremont-Smith, Frank, 1963

Box 8, Folder 20

Friends Committee on National Legislation 1961 - 1963

 

Friends Committee on National Legislation, 1961 - 1963

Box 8, Folder 21

Fulbright, J.W. 1960 - 1964

 

Fulbright, J.W., 1960 - 1964

Box 8, Folder 22

Fund for the Republic 1955 - 1960

 

Fund for the Republic, 1955 - 1960

Box 8, Folder 23-24

G - Miscellaneous

Box 8, Folder 25

Galef and Jacobs, Attorneys 1960

 

Galef and Jacobs, Attorneys, 1960

Box 8, Folder 26

Garen, Alan 1952 - 1960

 

Garen, Alan, 1952 - 1960

Box 8, Folder 27

Gehman, Richard B. 1952

 

Gehman, Richard B., 1952

Box 8, Folder 28

General Electric Company, Ltd. (U.K.) 1934

 

General Electric Company, Ltd. (U.K.), 1934

Box 8, Folder 29

Giannini, G.M. 1936

 

Giannini, G.M., 1936

Box 8, Folder 30

Gibson, Margaret 1962

 

Gibson, Margaret, 1962

Box 8, Folder 31

Gimbel, Elinor 1950 - 1955

 

Gimbel, Elinor, 1950 - 1955

Box 8, Folder 32

Glazier, William (Salk Institute) 1962 - 1963

 

Glazier, William (Salk Institute), 1962 - 1963

Box 8, Folder 33

Glicksman, Arvin S. 1961 - 1962

 

Glicksman, Arvin S., 1961 - 1962

Box 8, Folder 34

Goldberg, Arthur J. 1963

 

Goldberg, Arthur J., 1963

Box 8, Folder 35

Goldhaber, M. 1935 - 1939

 

Goldhaber, M., 1935 - 1939

Box 9, Folder 1

Gomer, Robert 1962

 

Gomer, Robert, 1962

Box 9, Folder 2

Goodman, Leo 1961

 

Goodman, Leo, 1961

Box 9, Folder 3

Gots, Joseph S. 1951 - 1952

 

Gots, Joseph S., 1951 - 1952

Box 9, Folder 4

Grace, Edwin J. 1957

 

Grace, Edwin J., 1957

Box 9, Folder 5

Gray, L.H. 1949 - 1950

 

Gray, L.H., 1949 - 1950

Box 9, Folder 6

Green, Howard 1956 - 1957

 

Green, Howard, 1956 - 1957

Box 9, Folder 7

Green, Rosina 1960

 

Green, Rosina, 1960

Box 9, Folder 8

Grodzins, Morton 1954 - 1961

 

Grodzins, Morton, 1954 - 1961

Box 9, Folder 9

Groves, Leslie R. 1945

 

Groves, Leslie R., 1945

Box 9, Folder 10

Gustavson, Reuben 1945 - 1960

 

Gustavson, Reuben, 1945 - 1960

Box 9, Folder 11-12

H - Miscellaneous

Box 9, Folder 13

Haddow, Alex 1954 - 1961

 

Haddow, Alex, 1954 - 1961

Box 9, Folder 14

Hahn, Otto 1957 - 1958

 

Hahn, Otto, 1957 - 1958

Box 9, Folder 15

Halle, Kay 1961

 

Halle, Kay, 1961

Box 9, Folder 16

Hanks, Nancy 1960

 

Hanks, Nancy, 1960

Box 9, Folder 17

Harper's Magazine 1949 - 1960

 

Harper's Magazine, 1949 - 1960

Box 9, Folder 18

Harrell, W.B. 1950 - 1952

 

Harrell, W.B., 1950 - 1952

Box 9, Folder 19

Harrison, R. Wendall 1947 - 1958

 

Harrison, R. Wendall, 1947 - 1958

Box 9, Folder 20

Hartman, Carl G. 1952 - 1959

 

Hartman, Carl G., 1952 - 1959

Box 9, Folder 21

Harvard University 1950 - 1963

 

Harvard University, 1950 - 1963

Box 9, Folder 22

Haseltine, Lake, and Company 1936 - 1944

 

Haseltine, Lake, and Company, 1936 - 1944

Box 9, Folder 23

Hauge, Mogens 1963 - 1964

 

Hauge, Mogens, 1963 - 1964

Box 9, Folder 24

Havas, Ernest 1963

 

Havas, Ernest, 1963

Box 9, Folder 25

Hawkins, Dave 1950

 

Hawkins, Dave, 1950

Box 9, Folder 26

Hecht, S. 1942

 

Hecht, S., 1942

Box 9, Folder 27

Heisenberg, Werner 1957

 

Heisenberg, Werner, 1957

Box 9, Folder 28

Helferisch, B. 1957

 

Helferisch, B., 1957

Box 9, Folder 29

Henkin, Louis 1963

 

Henkin, Louis, 1963

Box 9, Folder 30

Henshaw, Paul 1952

 

Henshaw, Paul, 1952

Box 9, Folder 31

Hester, General Hugh B. 1955 - 1962

 

Hester, General Hugh B., 1955 - 1962

Box 9, Folder 32

Hinshelwood, Cyril 1950

 

Hinshelwood, Cyril, 1950

Box 9, Folder 33

Hirsch, Howard 1950 - 1951

 

Hirsch, Howard, 1950 - 1951

Box 9, Folder 34

Hirst, Hugo 1934

 

Hirst, Hugo, 1934

Box 9, Folder 35

Hitchings, George 1951

 

Hitchings, George, 1951

Box 9, Folder 36

Hoagland, Hudson 1962 - 1963

 

Hoagland, Hudson, 1962 - 1963

Box 9, Folder 37

Hoehler, Fred 1952 - 1961

 

Hoehler, Fred, 1952 - 1961

Box 9, Folder 38

Hogness, David 1961 - 1962

 

Hogness, David, 1961 - 1962

Box 9, Folder 39

Hogness, T.R. 1950 - 1951

 

Hogness, T.R., 1950 - 1951

Box 9, Folder 40

Hopwood, Professor 1934 - 1935

 

Hopwood, Professor, 1934 - 1935

Box 10, Folder 1

Horstfall, Frank 1949 - 1963

 

Horstfall, Frank, 1949 - 1963

Box 10, Folder 2

Hotchkiss, Robert S. 1959

 

Hotchkiss, Robert S., 1959

Box 10, Folder 3

Hotchkiss, Rollin D. 1956 - 1960

 

Hotchkiss, Rollin D., 1956 - 1960

Box 10, Folder 4

Hsing, Huan 1958

 

Hsing, Huan, 1958

Box 10, Folder 5

Huber, Wolfgang 1950

 

Huber, Wolfgang, 1950

Box 10, Folder 6

Hughes, Thomas L. 1958 - 1960

 

Hughes, Thomas L., 1958 - 1960

Box 10, Folder 7

Humanists 1950

 

Humanists , 1950

Box 10, Folder 8

Humphrey, Hubert 1955 - 1961

 

Humphrey, Hubert, 1955 - 1961

Box 10, Folder 9

Hutchins, Robert M. 1945 - 1962

 

Hutchins, Robert M., 1945 - 1962

Box 10, Folder 10

I - Miscellaneous

 

I - Miscellaneous

Box 10, Folder 11

Imperial Chemical Industries 1936 - 1945

 

Imperial Chemical Industries, 1936 - 1945

Box 10, Folder 12

Inglis, David 1955 - 1962

 

Inglis, David, 1955 - 1962

Box 10, Folder 13

International Latex Corporation 1952 - 1964

 

International Latex Corporation, 1952 - 1964

Box 10, Folder 14

International Science and Technology 1962

 

International Science and Technology, 1962

Box 10, Folder 15

Institute for International Order 1956 - 1957

 

Institute for International Order, 1956 - 1957

Box 10, Folder 16

Institute for Strategic Studies 1952 - 1964

 

Institute for Strategic Studies, 1952 - 1964

Box 10, Folder 17

Ives, Philip T. 1961

 

Ives, Philip T., 1961

Box 10, Folder 18

J - Miscellaneous

 

J - Miscellaneous

Box 10, Folder 19

Jacob, Francois 1960 - 1961

 

Jacob, Francois, 1960 - 1961

Box 10, Folder 20

Jacobson, Gunther 1942 - 1947

 

Jacobson, Gunther, 1942 - 1947

Box 10, Folder 21

Jeine, N.J.K. 1960 - 1963

 

Jeine, N.J.K., 1960 - 1963

Box 10, Folder 22

Johnson, Warren C. 1950 - 1958

 

Johnson, Warren C., 1950 - 1958

Box 10, Folder 23

Joliot-Curie, F. 1937 - 1955

Restrictions

Restrictions Apply
 

Joliot-Curie, F., 1937 - 1955

Box 10, Folder 24

Jones, Aubrey 1961 - 1964

 

Jones, Aubrey, 1961 - 1964

Box 10, Folder 25

Jones, Hardin B. 1960 - 1962

 

Jones, Hardin B., 1960 - 1962

Box 10, Folder 26

K - Miscellaneous

 

K - Miscellaneous

Box 11, Folder 1

Kalven, Harry Jr. 1960 - 1963

 

Kalven, Harry Jr., 1960 - 1963

Box 11, Folder 2

Kammitzer, R. 1936 - 1940

 

Kammitzer, R., 1936 - 1940

Box 11, Folder 3

Kelner, Albert 1949 - 1950

 

Kelner, Albert, 1949 - 1950

Box 11, Folder 4

Kendrew, John 1963 - 1964

 

Kendrew, John, 1963 - 1964

Box 11, Folder 5

Kennedy, John F. 1960 - 1963

Restrictions

Restrictions Apply
 

Kennedy, John F., 1960 - 1963

Box 11, Folder 6

Kerscher, Rudolf 1962 - 1963

 

Kerscher, Rudolf, 1962 - 1963

Box 11, Folder 7

Khrushchev, Nikita S. 1959 - 1963

 

Khrushchev, Nikita S., 1959 - 1963

Box 11, Folder 8

Killian, J.R. 1960

 

Killian, J.R., 1960

Box 11, Folder 9

Kimpton, Lawrence A. 1946 - 1955

 

Kimpton, Lawrence A., 1946 - 1955

Box 11, Folder 10

Kingsley, Sidney 1956

 

Kingsley, Sidney, 1956

Box 11, Folder 11

Klein, George 1959

 

Klein, George, 1959

Box 11, Folder 12

Klemperer, Paul 1955 - 1956

 

Klemperer, Paul, 1955 - 1956

Box 11, Folder 13

Klieneberger-Novel, Emmy 1951

 

Klieneberger-Novel, Emmy, 1951

Box 11, Folder 14

Kobler, John 1951

 

Kobler, John, 1951

Box 11, Folder 15

Kolin, Alexander 1955

 

Kolin, Alexander, 1955

Box 11, Folder 16

Koprowski, Hillary 1957

 

Koprowski, Hillary, 1957

Box 11, Folder 17

Kubie, Lawrence S. 1953 - 1961

 

Kubie, Lawrence S., 1953 - 1961

Box 11, Folder 18-19

L - Miscellaneous

Box 11, Folder 20

Lange, Fritz 1934 - 1963

 

Lange, Fritz, 1934 - 1963

Box 11, Folder 21

Lapp, Ralph E. 1954 - 1963

 

Lapp, Ralph E., 1954 - 1963

Box 11, Folder 22

Lasker, Mary 1955 - 1963

 

Lasker, Mary, 1955 - 1963

Box 11, Folder 23

Latarjet, Raymond 1951 - 1960

 

Latarjet, Raymond, 1951 - 1960

Box 11, Folder 24

Lattimer, John Kingsley 1959

 

Lattimer, John Kingsley, 1959

Box 11, Folder 25

Laue, Max von 1921 - 1960

Restrictions

Restrictions Apply
 

Laue, Max von, 1921 - 1960

Box 11, Folder 26

Lavender, Robert A. 1943 - 1960

 

Lavender, Robert A., 1943 - 1960

Box 11, Folder 27

Lawrence, E.O. 1940

 

Lawrence, E.O., 1940

Box 11, Folder 28

Lawson, A.W. 1940 - 1954

 

Lawson, A.W., 1940 - 1954

Box 11, Folder 29

Lederberg, Joshua 1951 - 1962

 

Lederberg, Joshua, 1951 - 1962

Box 11, Folder 30

Leghorn, Richard 1955 - 1960

 

Leghorn, Richard, 1955 - 1960

Box 11, Folder 31

Lennox, Edwin S. 1957 - 1963

 

Lennox, Edwin S., 1957 - 1963

Box 12, Folder 1

Lerner, Max 1952 - 1961

 

Lerner, Max, 1952 - 1961

Box 12, Folder 2

Levi, Edward H. 1949 - 1964

 

Levi, Edward H., 1949 - 1964

Box 12, Folder 3

Libby, W.F. 1959 - 1961

 

Libby, W.F., 1959 - 1961

Box 12, Folder 4

Liebowitz, Benjamin 1938 - 1964

 

Liebowitz, Benjamin, 1938 - 1964

Box 12, Folder 5

Lindbergh, Charles 1939

 

Lindbergh, Charles, 1939

Box 12, Folder 6

Linde Air Products Company 1941 - 1951

 

Linde Air Products Company, 1941 - 1951

Box 12, Folder 7

Lindemann, F.A. 1935 - 1944

 

Lindemann, F.A., 1935 - 1944

Box 12, Folder 8

Lipmann, Fritz 1953 - 1957

 

Lipmann, Fritz, 1953 - 1957

Box 12, Folder 9

Livingston, Robert B. 1956 - 1964

 

Livingston, Robert B., 1956 - 1964

Box 12, Folder 10

London Times 1963

 

London Times, 1963

Box 12, Folder 11

Long, Franklin A. 1951 - 1962

 

Long, Franklin A., 1951 - 1962

Box 12, Folder 12

Look Magazine 1960 - 1964

 

Look Magazine, 1960 - 1964

Box 12, Folder 13

Loomis, Alfred 1943 - 1951

 

Loomis, Alfred, 1943 - 1951

Box 12, Folder 14-15

M - Miscellaneous

Box 12, Folder 16

Maas, Werner 1957

 

Maas, Werner, 1957

Box 12, Folder 17

MacDuffie, Marshall 1950 - 1956

 

MacDuffie, Marshall, 1950 - 1956

Box 12, Folder 18

Manley, J.H. 1941 - 1942

 

Manley, J.H., 1941 - 1942

Box 12, Folder 19

Mann, Norene 1949 - 1964

 

Mann, Norene, 1949 - 1964

Box 12, Folder 20

Marc Wood International, Inc. 1959 - 1960

 

Marc Wood International, Inc., 1959 - 1960

Box 12, Folder 21

Marshak, Robert E. 1933 - 1962

 

Marshak, Robert E., 1933 - 1962

Box 13, Folder 1

Marvel, Josiah Jr. 1950

 

Marvel, Josiah Jr., 1950

Box 13, Folder 2

Marzani and Munsell Publishers, Inc. 1962

 

Marzani and Munsell Publishers, Inc., 1962

Box 13, Folder 3

Mayer, Joseph E. 1949

 

Mayer, Joseph E., 1949

Box 13, Folder 4

Mayor, Brantz 1956

 

Mayor, Brantz, 1956

Box 13, Folder 5

McGovern, George 1963

 

McGovern, George, 1963

Box 13, Folder 6

McGregor, Robert F. 1957

 

McGregor, Robert F., 1957

Box 13, Folder 7

McIntosh, James A. 1946 - 1951

 

McIntosh, James A., 1946 - 1951

Box 13, Folder 8

McMahon, Brien 1946 - 1949

 

McMahon, Brien, 1946 - 1949

Box 13, Folder 9

Medewar, Peter 1957 - 1959

 

Medewar, Peter, 1957 - 1959

Box 13, Folder 10

Meier, Richard 1950 - 1953

 

Meier, Richard, 1950 - 1953

Box 13, Folder 11

Meiers, George 1949

 

Meiers, George, 1949

Box 13, Folder 12

Menke, John R. 1949 - 1962

 

Menke, John R., 1949 - 1962

Box 13, Folder 13

Menshikov, Mikhail A. 1960 - 1961

 

Menshikov, Mikhail A., 1960 - 1961

Box 13, Folder 14

Meselson, Matthew 1962 - 1964

 

Meselson, Matthew, 1962 - 1964

Box 13, Folder 15

Metal Hydrides, Inc. 1940 - 1942

 

Metal Hydrides, Inc., 1940 - 1942

Box 13, Folder 16

Ministry of Supply. Division of Atomic Energy 1949

 

Ministry of Supply. Division of Atomic Energy, 1949

Box 13, Folder 17

Minot, Francis 1955 - 1957

 

Minot, Francis, 1955 - 1957

Box 13, Folder 18

Minow, Newton N. 1963

 

Minow, Newton N., 1963

Box 13, Folder 19

Mitchell, D.P. 1940 - 1941

 

Mitchell, D.P., 1940 - 1941

Box 13, Folder 20

Monod, Jacques 1953 - 1963

 

Monod, Jacques, 1953 - 1963

Box 13, Folder 21

Morganthau, Hans J. 1955 - 1960

 

Morganthau, Hans J., 1955 - 1960

Box 13, Folder 22

Moses, Fritz 1943 - 1961

 

Moses, Fritz, 1943 - 1961

Box 13, Folder 23

Muller, Charles P. 1943 - 1957

 

Muller, Charles P., 1943 - 1957

Box 13, Folder 24

Muller, H.J. 1949 - 1964

 

Muller, H.J., 1949 - 1964

Box 13, Folder 25

Muller, Steven 1963 - 1964

 

Muller, Steven, 1963 - 1964

Box 13, Folder 26

Murrow, Edward R. 1961 - 1963

 

Murrow, Edward R., 1961 - 1963

Box 13, Folder 27

Myers, Jack 1951

 

Myers, Jack, 1951

Box 13, Folder 28

N - Miscellaneous

 

N - Miscellaneous

Box 14, Folder 1

Nathan, Otto 1957 - 1961

 

Nathan, Otto, 1957 - 1961

Box 14, Folder 2

Nation 1950 - 1961

 

Nation, 1950 - 1961

Box 14, Folder 3

National Academy of Sciences 1950 - 1964

 

National Academy of Sciences, 1950 - 1964

Box 14, Folder 4

National Carbon Company, Inc. 1939 - 1941

 

National Carbon Company, Inc., 1939 - 1941

Box 14, Folder 5

National Farmers' Union 1947 - 1963

 

National Farmers' Union, 1947 - 1963

Box 14, Folder 6

National Research Council 1949 - 1953

 

National Research Council , 1949 - 1953

Box 14, Folder 7

National Rural Electric Cooperative Association 1947

 

National Rural Electric Cooperative Association, 1947

Box 14, Folder 8

National Science Foundation 1954 - 1959

 

National Science Foundation, 1954 - 1959

Box 14, Folder 9

Nature 1936 - 1959

 

Nature, 1936 - 1959

Box 14, Folder 10

Naval Medical Research Institute 1953 - 1954

 

Naval Medical Research Institute, 1953 - 1954

Box 14, Folder 11

Naval Research Laboratory 1939 - 1940

 

Naval Research Laboratory, 1939 - 1940

Box 14, Folder 12

Neurath, Hans 1950 - 1951

 

Neurath, Hans, 1950 - 1951

Box 14, Folder 13

New American Library of World Literature 1960 - 1962

 

New American Library of World Literature, 1960 - 1962

Box 14, Folder 14

New Statesman 1963 - 1964

 

New Statesman, 1963 - 1964

Box 14, Folder 15

New York Academy of Sciences 1952

 

New York Academy of Sciences, 1952

Box 14, Folder 16

New York Herald Tribune 1950 - 1961

 

New York Herald Tribune, 1950 - 1961

Box 14, Folder 17

New York Times 1950 - 1962

 

New York Times, 1950 - 1962

Box 14, Folder 18

New York Times - Letters of public response to Szilard's "Letter to the Editor" 1955

 

New York Times - Letters of public response to Szilard's "Letter to the Editor", 1955

Box 14, Folder 19

Noel-Baker, Philip 1963

 

Noel-Baker, Philip, 1963

Box 14, Folder 20

Norden, Heinz 1957 - 1960

 

Norden, Heinz, 1957 - 1960

Box 14, Folder 21

Novick, Aaron 1949 - 1962

 

Novick, Aaron, 1949 - 1962

Box 14, Folder 22

Nuclear Development Council 1951 - 1954

 

Nuclear Development Council, 1951 - 1954

Box 14, Folder 23

O - Miscellaneous

 

O - Miscellaneous

Box 14, Folder 24

Oak Ridge Scientists at Clinton 1945

 

Oak Ridge Scientists at Clinton, 1945

Box 14, Folder 25

Ohio Chemical and Manufacturing Company 1941

 

Ohio Chemical and Manufacturing Company, 1941

Box 14, Folder 26

Oliphant, M.L. 1934 - 1957

 

Oliphant, M.L., 1934 - 1957

Box 14, Folder 27

Oppenheimer, Robert 1945 - 1957

 

Oppenheimer, Robert, 1945 - 1957

Box 15, Folder 1-2

P - Miscellaneous

Box 15, Folder 3

Packard, L.E. 1949 - 1950

 

Packard, L.E., 1949 - 1950

Box 15, Folder 4

Panofsky, Wolfgang 1963

 

Panofsky, Wolfgang, 1963

Box 15, Folder 5

Patton, James G. 1950 - 1961

 

Patton, James G., 1950 - 1961

Box 15, Folder 6

Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton, and Garrison 1960

 

Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton, and Garrison, 1960

Box 15, Folder 7

Pauling, Linus 1947 - 1960

 

Pauling, Linus, 1947 - 1960

Box 15, Folder 8

Pegram, G.B. 1935 - 1942

 

Pegram, G.B., 1935 - 1942

Box 15, Folder 9

Penn, Arthur 1962

 

Penn, Arthur, 1962

Box 15, Folder 10

Pennie, Davis, Marvin, and Barrows 1938 - 1955

 

Pennie, Davis, Marvin, and Barrows, 1938 - 1955

Box 15, Folder 11

Peters, William 1961 - 1962

 

Peters, William, 1961 - 1962

Box 15, Folder 12

Philips-Fabriken 1933 - 1938

 

Philips-Fabriken, 1933 - 1938

Box 15, Folder 13

Pickett, Clarence 1948 - 1950

 

Pickett, Clarence, 1948 - 1950

Box 15, Folder 14

Pines, Maya 1962

 

Pines, Maya, 1962

Box 15, Folder 15

Placzek, G. 1934 - 1941

 

Placzek, G., 1934 - 1941

Box 15, Folder 16

Podbielniak, Inc. 1950

 

Podbielniak, Inc., 1950

Box 15, Folder 17

Polanyi, John 1960 - 1961

 

Polanyi, John, 1960 - 1961

Box 15, Folder 18

Polanyi, Michael 1934 - 1961

 

Polanyi, Michael, 1934 - 1961

Box 15, Folder 19

Pomerance, Ralph and Joe 1958 - 1961

 

Pomerance, Ralph and Joe, 1958 - 1961

Box 15, Folder 20

Pomerat, Gerard R. 1949

 

Pomerat, Gerard R., 1949

Box 15, Folder 21

Prentice, D.J. 1962

 

Prentice, D.J., 1962

Box 15, Folder 22

Prentice, J. Rockefeller 1952 - 1953

 

Prentice, J. Rockefeller, 1952 - 1953

Box 15, Folder 23

Pressman, David 1953 - 1956

 

Pressman, David, 1953 - 1956

Box 15, Folder 24

Princeton University 1931 - 1952

 

Princeton University, 1931 - 1952

Box 15, Folder 25

Puck, Theodore T. 1949 - 1958

 

Puck, Theodore T., 1949 - 1958

Box 16, Folder 1

Q - Miscellaneous

 

Q - Miscellaneous

Box 16, Folder 2-3

R - Miscellaneous

Box 16, Folder 4

Rabi, I.I. 1934 - 1960

 

Rabi, I.I., 1934 - 1960

Box 16, Folder 5

Rabinowitch, E. 1949 - 1960

 

Rabinowitch, E., 1949 - 1960

Box 16, Folder 6

Radium Chemical Company 1939 - 1945

 

Radium Chemical Company, 1939 - 1945

Box 16, Folder 7

Rauh and Levy 1960 - 1961

 

Rauh and Levy, 1960 - 1961

Box 16, Folder 8

Reader's Digest 1952 - 1958

 

Reader's Digest, 1952 - 1958

Box 16, Folder 9

Redfield, Robert 1945 - 1952

 

Redfield, Robert, 1945 - 1952

Box 16, Folder 10

Reed College 1961 - 1962

 

Reed College, 1961 - 1962

Box 16, Folder 11

Reiner, Jonas 1951 - 1956

 

Reiner, Jonas, 1951 - 1956

Box 16, Folder 12

Reissig, Hermann 1950

 

Reissig, Hermann, 1950

Box 16, Folder 13

Revelle, Roger 1951 - 1963

 

Revelle, Roger, 1951 - 1963

Box 16, Folder 14

Richards 1939

 

Richards, 1939

Box 16, Folder 15

Roberts, Walter Orr 1950 - 1951

 

Roberts, Walter Orr, 1950 - 1951

Box 16, Folder 16

Rockefeller Foundation 1951 - 1957

 

Rockefeller Foundation, 1951 - 1957

Box 16, Folder 17

Rogers, Edith 1959 - 1962

 

Rogers, Edith, 1959 - 1962

Box 16, Folder 18

Roosevelt, Franklin and Eleanor 1939 - 1961

 

Roosevelt, Franklin and Eleanor, 1939 - 1961

Box 16, Folder 19

Rosenfeld 1933

 

Rosenfeld, 1933

Box 16, Folder 20

Rosenstiel, Lewis 1946 - 1955

 

Rosenstiel, Lewis, 1946 - 1955

Box 16, Folder 21

Rosin, Joseph 1941

 

Rosin, Joseph, 1941

Box 16, Folder 22

Rotblat, J. 1957 - 1958

 

Rotblat, J., 1957 - 1958

Box 16, Folder 23

Rowohlt Verlag GMBH 1961 - 1962

 

Rowohlt Verlag GMBH, 1961 - 1962

Box 16, Folder 24

Royal Navy Scientific Service 1936 - 1949

 

Royal Navy Scientific Service, 1936 - 1949

Box 16, Folder 25

Rubin, Victor 1946

 

Rubin, Victor, 1946

Box 16, Folder 26

Rusk, Dean 1949 - 1957

 

Rusk, Dean, 1949 - 1957

Box 16, Folder 27

Russell, Bertrand 1955 - 1958

Restrictions

Restrictions Apply
 

Russell, Bertrand, 1955 - 1958

Box 16, Folder 28

Rutherford, Lord Ernest 1934 - 1936

 

Rutherford, Lord Ernest, 1934 - 1936

Box 16, Folder 29-30

Sa-Sl - Miscellaneous

 

S - Miscellaneous - Part 2

 

S - Miscellaneous - Part 1

Box 17, Folder 1-2

Sm-Sz - Miscellaneous

 

S - Miscellaneous - Part 4

 

S - Miscellaneous - Part 3

Box 17, Folder 3

Sachar, Abram L. 1953 - 1961

 

Sachar, Abram L., 1953 - 1961

Box 17, Folder 4

Sachs, Alexander 1939 - 1940

 

Sachs, Alexander, 1939 - 1940

Box 17, Folder 5

Sachs, Alexander - Letter drafts undated

 

Sachs, Alexander - Letter drafts, undated

Box 17, Folder 6

Salk, Jonas 1957 - 1963

 

Salk, Jonas, 1957 - 1963

Box 17, Folder 7

Sane Nuclear Policy 1961 - 1964

 

Sane Nuclear Policy, 1961 - 1964

Box 17, Folder 8

Saturday Evening Post 1955 - 1961

 

Saturday Evening Post, 1955 - 1961

Box 17, Folder 9

Scheiber, Esther 1956 - 1958

 

Scheiber, Esther, 1956 - 1958

Box 17, Folder 10

Schiff, Leonard I. 1961 - 1962

 

Schiff, Leonard I., 1961 - 1962

Box 17, Folder 11

Schlesinger 1933

 

Schlesinger, 1933

Box 17, Folder 12

Schroedinger, E. 1933 - 1956

 

Schroedinger, E., 1933 - 1956

Box 17, Folder 13

Science 1945 - 1952

 

Science, 1945 - 1952

Box 17, Folder 14

Scientific American 1951 - 1963

 

Scientific American, 1951 - 1963

Box 17, Folder 15

Scophony Limited 1934 - 1936

 

Scophony Limited, 1934 - 1936

Box 17, Folder 16

Seaborg, Glenn T. 1961

 

Seaborg, Glenn T., 1961

Box 17, Folder 17

Segoe, Ladislas 1957

 

Segoe, Ladislas, 1957

Box 17, Folder 18

Segre, Emilio 1936 - 1961

 

Segre, Emilio, 1936 - 1961

Box 17, Folder 19

Shannon, Kay 1963

 

Shannon, Kay, 1963

Box 17, Folder 20

Shaughnessy, Donald 1961 - 1962

 

Shaughnessy, Donald, 1961 - 1962

Box 17, Folder 21

Shils, Edward 1949 - 1957

 

Shils, Edward, 1949 - 1957

Box 17, Folder 22

Shimmerlik and Belcher 1955 - 1959

 

Shimmerlik and Belcher, 1955 - 1959

Box 17, Folder 23

Shurcliff, William A. 1961 - 1962

 

Shurcliff, William A., 1961 - 1962

Box 17, Folder 24

Silard, Andrew P. 1953

 

Silard, Andrew P., 1953

Box 17, Folder 25

Silard, Bela - Leo Szilard's brother 1939 - 1962

 

Silard, Bela - Leo Szilard's brother, 1939 - 1962

Box 17, Folder 26

Silard, John 1952 - 1962

 

Silard, John, 1952 - 1962

Box 18, Folder 1

Simon, F. 1938 - 1950

 

Simon, F., 1938 - 1950

Box 18, Folder 2

Simon and Schuster 1961 - 1963

 

Simon and Schuster, 1961 - 1963

Box 18, Folder 3

Singer 1935

 

Singer, 1935

Box 18, Folder 4

Sizer, Irwin W. 1962

 

Sizer, Irwin W., 1962

Box 18, Folder 5

Skobeltzyn, D.F. 1957

 

Skobeltzyn, D.F., 1957

Box 18, Folder 6

Sleeper, H. Prescott 1964

 

Sleeper, H. Prescott, 1964

Box 18, Folder 7

Slick, Tom 1957 - 1961

 

Slick, Tom, 1957 - 1961

Box 18, Folder 8

Sloan-Kettering Institute 1962 - 1963

 

Sloan-Kettering Institute, 1962 - 1963

Box 18, Folder 9

Smothers, Edgar 1955

 

Smothers, Edgar, 1955

Box 18, Folder 10

Sonnenborn, Tracy 1950 - 1964

 

Sonnenborn, Tracy, 1950 - 1964

Box 18, Folder 11

Sperry, R.W. 1964

 

Sperry, R.W., 1964

Box 18, Folder 12

Stanier, Roger 1951

 

Stanier, Roger, 1951

Box 18, Folder 13

Stearns, J.C. 1942 - 1945

 

Stearns, J.C., 1942 - 1945

Box 18, Folder 14

Stearns, Robert L. 1950 - 1955

 

Stearns, Robert L., 1950 - 1955

Box 18, Folder 15

Stern, Philip M. 1963

 

Stern, Philip M., 1963

Box 18, Folder 16

Stern, Otto 1932

 

Stern, Otto, 1932

Box 18, Folder 17

Stevenson, Adlai 1961 - 1963

 

Stevenson, Adlai, 1961 - 1963

Box 18, Folder 18

Still, Joseph W. 1955 - 1962

 

Still, Joseph W., 1955 - 1962

Box 18, Folder 19

Stokes, Joseph 1955 - 1964

 

Stokes, Joseph, 1955 - 1964

Box 18, Folder 20

Stone, Shepard 1961

 

Stone, Shepard, 1961

Box 18, Folder 21

Strauss, Lewis 1938 - 1962

 

Strauss, Lewis, 1938 - 1962

Box 18, Folder 22

Strehler, Bernard L. 1955

 

Strehler, Bernard L., 1955

Box 18, Folder 23

Striker, Michael 1948 - 1954

 

Striker, Michael, 1948 - 1954

Box 18, Folder 24

Stuart Oxygen Company 1941

 

Stuart Oxygen Company, 1941

Box 18, Folder 25

Suess, Hans E. 1957

 

Suess, Hans E., 1957

Box 18, Folder 26

Sullivan, Lucartha 1951 - 1962

 

Sullivan, Lucartha, 1951 - 1962

Box 18, Folder 27

Swarthmore College 1961

 

Swarthmore College, 1961

Box 18, Folder 28

Swartz, William M. 1955 - 1961

 

Swartz, William M., 1955 - 1961

Box 18, Folder 29

Switz, T.M. 1951 - 1953

 

Switz, T.M., 1951 - 1953

Box 18, Folder 30

Szilard, Leo

 

Szilard, Leo

Box 18, Folder 31

Szilard, Louis - Leo Szilard's father 1947

 

Szilard, Louis - Leo Szilard's father, 1947

Box 18, Folder 32

T - Miscellaneous

 

T - Miscellaneous

Box 18, Folder 33

Talmage, David W. 1957 - 1960

 

Talmage, David W., 1957 - 1960

Box 18, Folder 34

Tamm, Igor 1963

 

Tamm, Igor, 1963

Box 18, Folder 35

Tatum, E.L. 1950 - 1962

 

Tatum, E.L., 1950 - 1962

Box 18, Folder 36

Teller, Edward 1939 - 1963

 

Teller, Edward, 1939 - 1963

Box 18, Folder 37

Tiburtius, Joachim 1957 - 1958

 

Tiburtius, Joachim, 1957 - 1958

Box 18, Folder 38

Times (London) 1958

 

Times (London), 1958

Box 19, Folder 1

Tinbergen, Jan 1955

 

Tinbergen, Jan, 1955

Box 19, Folder 2

Titanium Alloy Manufacturing Co. 1941

 

Titanium Alloy Manufacturing Co., 1941

Box 19, Folder 3

Todd, Alan R. 1949 - 1953

 

Todd, Alan R., 1949 - 1953

Box 19, Folder 4

Topchiev, A.V. 1957 - 1961

 

Topchiev, A.V., 1957 - 1961

Box 19, Folder 5

Truman, Harry S. 1945

 

Truman, Harry S., 1945

Box 19, Folder 6

Tuck, J.L. 1938 - 1949

 

Tuck, J.L., 1938 - 1949

Box 19, Folder 7

Turner, Louis A. 1940 - 1941

 

Turner, Louis A., 1940 - 1941

Box 19, Folder 8

Tuve, Merle 1939

 

Tuve, Merle, 1939

Box 19, Folder 9

U - Miscellaneous

 

U - Miscellaneous

Box 19, Folder 10

Undersecretary of State (U.K.). Aliens Department. Home Office, London 1936 - 1938

 

Undersecretary of State (U.K.). Aliens Department. Home Office, London, 1936 - 1938

Box 19, Folder 11

Union Carbide and Carbon Research 1939 - 1941

 

Union Carbide and Carbon Research, 1939 - 1941

Box 19, Folder 12

Union Process Company 1947 - 1950

 

Union Process Company, 1947 - 1950

Box 19, Folder 13

U.S. Department of Commerce 1940 - 1955

 

U.S. Department of Commerce, 1940 - 1955

Box 19, Folder 14

U.S. Department of Defense 1956 - 1964

 

U.S. Department of Defense, 1956 - 1964

Box 19, Folder 15

U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare 1957 - 1964

 

U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, 1957 - 1964

Box 19, Folder 16

U.S. Department of State 1945 - 1963

 

U.S. Department of State, 1945 - 1963

Box 19, Folder 17

U.S. Department of the Navy 1951 - 1957

 

U.S. Department of the Navy, 1951 - 1957

Box 19, Folder 18

U.S. Department of War 1943 - 1946

 

U.S. Department of War, 1943 - 1946

Box 19, Folder 19

U.S. Office of Scientific Research and Development 1941 - 1946

 

U.S. Office of Scientific Research and Development, 1941 - 1946

Box 19, Folder 20

U.S. Office of the Vice President 1960

 

U.S. Office of the Vice President, 1960

Box 19, Folder 21

United States Graphite Company 1939 - 1940

 

United States Graphite Company, 1939 - 1940

Box 19, Folder 22

University of California 1959 - 1964

 

University of California, 1959 - 1964

Box 19, Folder 23

University of Chicago 1942 - 1964

 

University of Chicago, 1942 - 1964

Box 19, Folder 24

University of Chicago Press 1957 - 1961

 

University of Chicago Press, 1957 - 1961

Box 19, Folder 25

University of Colorado 1951 - 1959

 

University of Colorado, 1951 - 1959

Box 19, Folder 26

University of Hartford 1961

 

University of Hartford, 1961

Box 19, Folder 27

University of Illinois 1951 - 1956

 

University of Illinois, 1951 - 1956

Box 19, Folder 28

Urey, Harold C. 1940 - 1956

 

Urey, Harold C., 1940 - 1956

Box 20, Folder 1

Usborne, Henry 1953 - 1954

 

Usborne, Henry, 1953 - 1954

Box 20, Folder 2

V - Miscellaneous

 

V - Miscellaneous

Box 20, Folder 3

Van Atta, L.C. 1961 - 1962

 

Van Atta, L.C., 1961 - 1962

Box 20, Folder 4

Van Slyke, Donald D. 1957

 

Van Slyke, Donald D., 1957

Box 20, Folder 5

Victor Gollancz, Ltd. 1961

 

Victor Gollancz, Ltd., 1961

Box 20, Folder 6

Visconti, Niccolo 1962 - 1964

 

Visconti, Niccolo, 1962 - 1964

Box 20, Folder 7

Vogelstein, T.M. 1936 - 1953

 

Vogelstein, T.M., 1936 - 1953

Box 20, Folder 8

von Neumann, John 1946

 

von Neumann, John, 1946

Box 20, Folder 9-10

W - Miscellaneous

Box 20, Folder 11

Wald, George 1950 - 1951

 

Wald, George, 1950 - 1951

Box 20, Folder 12

Walkowicz, Ted F. 1956 - 1957

 

Walkowicz, Ted F., 1956 - 1957

Box 20, Folder 13

Wallace, Henry A. 1945 - 1960

 

Wallace, Henry A., 1945 - 1960

Box 20, Folder 14

Washington, George T. 1947

 

Washington, George T., 1947

Box 20, Folder 15

Washington Post 1946 - 1963

 

Washington Post, 1946 - 1963

Box 20, Folder 16

Watson, James 1959 - 1962

 

Watson, James, 1959 - 1962

Box 20, Folder 17

Watson, Thomas J. 1962 - 1963

 

Watson, Thomas J., 1962 - 1963

Box 20, Folder 18

Watson, W.W. 1944

 

Watson, W.W., 1944

Box 20, Folder 19

WBBM-TV 1963

 

WBBM-TV, 1963

Box 20, Folder 20

WBC Productions, Inc. 1961 - 1962

 

WBC Productions, Inc., 1961 - 1962

Box 20, Folder 21

Weaver, Warren 1950 - 1964

 

Weaver, Warren, 1950 - 1964

Box 20, Folder 22

Webb, N.C., Jr. 1959 - 1961

 

Webb, N.C., Jr., 1959 - 1961

Box 20, Folder 23

Weinburg, Alvin 1957 - 1964

 

Weinburg, Alvin, 1957 - 1964

Box 20, Folder 24

Weiss, Paul 1957

 

Weiss, Paul, 1957

Box 20, Folder 25

Weisskopf, Victor 1939 - 1964

 

Weisskopf, Victor, 1939 - 1964

Box 20, Folder 26

Weizmann 1934

 

Weizmann, 1934

Box 20, Folder 27

Weizsacker, Carl 1957 - 1964

 

Weizsacker, Carl, 1957 - 1964

Box 20, Folder 28

Wheeler, Johna 1940

 

Wheeler, Johna, 1940

Box 20, Folder 29

White, Gilbert 1950

 

White, Gilbert, 1950

Box 20, Folder 30

White House, Executive Mansion, Washington, D.C. 1940 - 1964

 

White House, Executive Mansion, Washington, D.C., 1940 - 1964

Box 21, Folder 1

Whitmore, Willet F. 1961 - 1962

 

Whitmore, Willet F., 1961 - 1962

Box 21, Folder 2

Whyte, L.L. Esq. 1935

 

Whyte, L.L. Esq., 1935

Box 21, Folder 3

Wiesner, Jerome 1957 - 1963

 

Wiesner, Jerome, 1957 - 1963

Box 21, Folder 4

Wigner, Eugene P. 1932 - 1964

 

Wigner, Eugene P., 1932 - 1964

Box 21, Folder 5

Wilkinson, et al. 1943 - 1952

 

Wilkinson, et al., 1943 - 1952

Box 21, Folder 6

Willett, E.L. 1952 - 1953

 

Willett, E.L., 1952 - 1953

Box 21, Folder 7

Wilson, Earl A. 1953

 

Wilson, Earl A., 1953

Box 21, Folder 8

Wilson, Robert R. 1941 - 1962

 

Wilson, Robert R., 1941 - 1962

Box 21, Folder 9

Witcoff, Raymond 1955

 

Witcoff, Raymond, 1955

Box 21, Folder 10

Witkin, Evelyn 1949 - 1952

 

Witkin, Evelyn, 1949 - 1952

Box 21, Folder 11

Wofford, Harris 1948 - 1960

 

Wofford, Harris, 1948 - 1960

Box 21, Folder 12

Women's International League 1955

 

Women's International League, 1955

Box 21, Folder 13

Wood, William Maxwell 1947

 

Wood, William Maxwell, 1947

Box 21, Folder 14

Wooldridge, Dean 1964

 

Wooldridge, Dean, 1964

Box 21, Folder 15

Wright, C.S. 1936

 

Wright, C.S., 1936

Box 21, Folder 16

Y - Miscellaneous

 

Y - Miscellaneous

Box 21, Folder 17

Yeshiva University 1960 - 1964

 

Yeshiva University, 1960 - 1964

Box 21, Folder 18

York, Foster 1943 - 1956

 

York, Foster, 1943 - 1956

Box 21, Folder 19

York, Herbert 1961 - 1964

 

York, Herbert, 1961 - 1964

Box 21, Folder 20

Young, Donald 1955

 

Young, Donald, 1955

Box 21, Folder 21

Young, Wayland 1961 - 1963

 

Young, Wayland, 1961 - 1963

Box 21, Folder 22

Yudell, Esther 1962 - 1963

 

Yudell, Esther, 1962 - 1963

Box 21, Folder 23

Z - Miscellaneous

 

Z - Miscellaneous

Box 21, Folder 24

Zeisel, Hans and Eva 1951 - 1954

 

Zeisel, Hans and Eva, 1951 - 1954

Box 21, Folder 25

Zelle, Max 1961 - 1963

 

Zelle, Max, 1961 - 1963

Box 21, Folder 26

Zerwick, M.B. 1960

 

Zerwick, M.B., 1960

Box 21, Folder 27

Zilahy, Lajos 1952

 

Zilahy, Lajos, 1952

Box 21, Folder 28

Zimen, K.E. 1960 - 1963

 

Zimen, K.E., 1960 - 1963

Box 21, Folder 29

Zinder, Norton 1952 - 1957

 

Zinder, Norton, 1952 - 1957

Box 21, Folder 30

Zinn, W.H. 1939 - 1946

 

Zinn, W.H., 1939 - 1946

Box 21, Folder 31

Zirkle, Raymond E. 1947

 

Zirkle, Raymond E., 1947

Box 21, Folder 32

Zuercher Woche 1962

 

Zuercher Woche, 1962

Box 21, Folder 33

Zumstein, Fritz 1933 - 1953

 

Zumstein, Fritz, 1933 - 1953

 

WRITINGS

Scope and Content of Series

Series 3) WRITINGS contains manuscript and printed materials created by Leo Szilard. Also included are materials created by others, which can be found in the "Publications By Other Authors" subseries. Most materials in this series date from 1946 and after. Arranged into nine subseries: A) Writings by Leo Szilard, B) Patents, C) History, D) Interviews, E) Memoranda, F) Speeches, G) Handwritten Notes, H) Notebooks I) Publications by Other Authors.
A) Writings by Leo Szilard: Essays, scientific papers, and literary works produced by Szilard, including the manuscript for his book, The Voice of the Dolphins. These materials are arranged alphabetically by title. Works with changing titles are brought together under the latest title. Works that appear without title are segregated into "dated" and "non-dated" folders at the beginning of the subseries.
B) Patents: Documents and related materials in the form of drafts, figures and notes. These are organized chronologically. Of special interest are the early patents in refrigeration held with Albert Einstein, the patent for a "neutronic reactor" developed with Enrico Fermi, and Szilard's singular achievements on the "Chain Reaction" and "Chemostat."
C) History: Materials originally gathered together under that title in Mrs. Szilard's inventory. Herein are important retrospective writings by Szilard on early atomic bomb development and his involvement with the Manhattan Project.
D) Interviews: Dating mostly from the 1960s, and arranged alphabetically by interviewer or by title when no interviewer is apparent.
E) Memoranda: General communications not directed to a specific recipient. They are arranged chronologically. Most of these materials originated in the Metallurgical Laboratory in Chicago.
F) Speeches: Szilard's Speeches date from the close of his direct involvement with the atomic bomb after World War II and his shift into public life as an advocate of disarmament.
G) Handwritten Notes: Fragments of Szilard's writings, often jottings on a napkin or a loose scrap of paper. These materials lacked a direct relationship to other items in the original folders in which they were found. The materials have either been labelled with Mrs. Szilard's original folder numbers (where the items were found) or have been given a subject title.
H) Notebooks: Arranged first by date, then alphabetically by title.
I) Publications by Other Authors: Materials collected by Szilard after he began work in biology. Organized alphabetically by author, each folder often contains several works.
 

Writings by Leo Szilard

Box 22, Folder 1-2

Untitled 1941 - 1963

 

Part 1, 1941 - 1963

 

Part 2, 1941 - 1963

Box 22, Folder 3

Untitled undated

 

Untitled, undated

Box 22, Folder 4

Bibliographic materials

 

Bibliographic materials

Box 22, Folder 5

Absorption of residual neutrons. Reprint 1935

 

Absorption of residual neutrons. Reprint, 1935

Box 22, Folder 6

Aging process and the comparative strength of spermatozoa. Mimeographs, edited 1963

 

Aging process and the comparative strength of spermatozoa. Mimeographs, edited, 1963

Box 22, Folder 7

Anomalies in radioactivity induced by neutrons. Typescript and gallery proofs 1937

 

Anomalies in radioactivity induced by neutrons. Typescript and gallery proofs, 1937

Box 22, Folder 8

Anomalies in the Fermi effect. Typescript drafts, edited 1936

 

Anomalies in the Fermi effect. Typescript drafts, edited, 1936

Box 22, Folder 9

America, Russia, and the Bomb. New Republic 1949

 

America, Russia, and the Bomb. New Republic, 1949

Box 22, Folder 10

Anti-mutagens. Reprint 1952

 

Anti-mutagens. Reprint, 1952

Box 22, Folder 11

Are we on the road to war? Reprints 1961

 

Are we on the road to war? Reprints, 1961

Box 22, Folder 12

Atomic bombs and the postwar position of the United States in the world. Memorandum to have been placed before President Roosevelt prior to the first bomb test in New Mexico. Typescript, carbon copies, and mimeograph censored copy 1945

 

Atomic bombs and the postwar position of the United States in the world. Memorandum to have been placed before President Roosevelt prior to the first bomb test in New Mexico. Typescript, carbon copies, and mimeograph censored copy, 1945

Box 22, Folder 13

Berlin Crisis. Reprint 1961

 

Berlin Crisis. Reprint, 1961

Box 22, Folder 14

Beeinflussung polarisierter Elektronenstrahlen durch Magnetfelder, with E. Rupp 1931

 

Beeinflussung polarisierter Elektronenstrahlen durch Magnetfelder, with E. Rupp, 1931

Box 22, Folder 15

Bund. Typescript drafts, edited undated

 

Bund. Typescript drafts, edited, undated

Box 22, Folder 16

Calling for a crusade. Reprint 1946

 

Calling for a crusade. Reprint, 1946

Box 23, Folder 1

Calling all stars. Mimeograph 1949

 

Calling all stars. Mimeograph, 1949

Box 23, Folder 2

Can science create life? Typescript, edited undated

 

Can science create life? Typescript, edited, undated

Box 23, Folder 3

Can we avert an arms race under the present conditions? Typescript, edited 1946

 

Can we avert an arms race under the present conditions? Typescript, edited, 1946

Box 23, Folder 4

Can we get off the road to war? Typescript, edited, and carbon copy 1962

 

Can we get off the road to war? Typescript, edited, and carbon copy, 1962

Box 23, Folder 5

Can we have international control of atomic energy? Typescript, with corrections, and prints 1949

 

Can we have international control of atomic energy? Typescript, with corrections, and prints, 1949

Box 23, Folder 6

Career investigators. Typescript 1962

 

Career investigators. Typescript, 1962

Box 23, Folder 7

Chemical analogue theory of antibody formation. Typescript, with corrections 1957

 

Chemical analogue theory of antibody formation. Typescript, with corrections, 1957

Box 23, Folder 8

Chemical separation of the radioactive element from its bombarded isotope in the Fermi effect. With T. A. Chalmers. Reprint 1934

 

Chemical separation of the radioactive element from its bombarded isotope in the Fermi effect. With T. A. Chalmers. Reprint, 1934

Box 23, Folder 9

Chromosomal-Function Loss theory of the aging process and the dependence of the sex ratio at birth on the age of the father. Typescript drafts, edited 1959

 

Chromosomal-Function Loss theory of the aging process and the dependence of the sex ratio at birth on the age of the father. Typescript drafts, edited, 1959

Box 23, Folder 10

Contribution of 238 fission to the fast chain reaction in enriched mixtures. Typescript draft, edited, and finished version 1943

 

Contribution of 238 fission to the fast chain reaction in enriched mixtures. Typescript draft, edited, and finished version, 1943

Box 23, Folder 11

Control of the chain reaction. Typescript drafts, including additional "Remarks to paper" and "General remarks to the enclosed paper" 1941

 

Control of the chain reaction. Typescript drafts, including additional "Remarks to paper" and "General remarks to the enclosed paper", 1941

Box 23, Folder 12

Control of the formation of specific proteins in bacteria and in animal cells. Reprint 1960

 

Control of the formation of specific proteins in bacteria and in animal cells. Reprint, 1960

Box 23, Folder 13

Conversation with Halban. Typescript 1944

 

Conversation with Halban. Typescript, 1944