Guide to the J.J. Martin Papers, 1880-1972, bulk 1885-1936

Guide written by Alison E. Bridger and Andrea O'Neill
The Bancroft Library
University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, California, 94720-6000
Phone: (510) 642-6481
Fax: (510) 642-7589
Email: bancref@library.berkeley.edu
URL: http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/
© 2006
The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

Guide to the J.J. Martin Papers, 1880-1972, bulk 1885-1936

Collection Number: BANC MSS C-B 363

The Bancroft Library



University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, California
Guide Written By:
Alison E. Bridger and Andrea O'Neill
Date Completed:
January 2006
© 2006 The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

Collection Summary

Collection Title: J.J. Martin papers
Date (inclusive): 1880-1972,
Date (bulk): , bulk 1885-1936
Collection Number: BANC MSS C-B 363
Creators : Martin, J. J., (James John), 1845-1938
Extent: Number of containers: 5 boxes and 4 volumes Linear feet: 2.2
Repository: The Bancroft Library
Berkeley, California 94720-6000
Abstract: Contains documents from and relating to the Kaweah Colony, the Hartly Bay Lumber, Trading & Fishing Company, the Tasmania Colony, as well as information on other cooperatives. The Kaweah Colony records include official documents, correspondence, legal documents from a case with the U.S. Government, a scrapbook and two histories, including one unpublished manuscript by Martin. Papers also include a small amount of personal and family papers including an unpublished manuscript, "Religion and Socialism."
Languages Represented: Collection materials are in English
Physical Location: Many of the Bancroft Library collections are stored offsite and advance notice may be required for use. For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the library's online catalog.

Information for Researchers

Access

Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to The Bancroft Library. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Head of Public Services. Permission for publication is given on behalf of The Bancroft Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], J.J. Martin Papers, BANC MSS C-B 363, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

Alternate Forms Available

Correspondence from Upton Sinclair is available on microfilm, [BANC FILM X-X film 5].

Related Collections

Kaweah Cooperative Colony Company Records (BANC MSS C-A 303)
Haskell Family Papers (BANC MSS C-B 364)
Joseph Cummings Rowell Papers (BANC MSS C-B 419)
P.N. Kuss Papers (BANC MSS 2002/193 c)
Rodney Sydes Ellsworth Papers: Relating to the Kaweah Cooperative Colony Co. (BANC MSS 81/27 c)
Ruth Krandis Lewis Correspondence (BANC MSS C-B 365)
Scrapbooks of Clippings Regarding Kaweah Cooperative Colony (BANC MSS C-V 24)
Thomas Waters Papers (BANC MSS C-B 983)
Why Kaweah Failed: transcript, by Joseph E. Doctor (BANC MSS 82/143 c:2)

Separated Material

Printed materials have been transferred to the book collection of The Bancroft Library.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Martin, J. J. (James John), 1845-1938--Archives
Martin, J. J. (James John), 1845-1938--Pictorial works
Sinclair, Upton, 1878-1968--Correspondence
Kaweah Colony
Hartly Bay Lumber, Trading and Fishing Company
Tasmania Colony
Credit Foncier Company
Bucklands Settlement
Huapai Estate
Hotel Del Monte (Monterey, Calif.)--Correspondence
Tasmania Colony--Pictorial works
Cooperative societies--California
Cooperative societies--Tasmania
Cooperative societies--New Zealand
Cooperative societies--Mexico
Cooperative societies--South Africa
Clippings
Scrapbooks
Manuscripts for publication
Photographs

Administrative Information

Acquisition Information

The J.J. Martin Papers were given to The Bancroft Library by Daisy Martin Redstone in September, 1941. Additions were made in 1985 and 1988 by Ellis Redstone.

Accruals

No additions are expected.

Processing Information

Processed by Alison E. Bridger and Andrea O'Neill (SJSU SLIS student) in 2005-2006.

Biographical Information

James John Martin was born in 1845. The early years of his adulthood were spent in railroad endeavors and efforts related to labor unions. He was instrumental in the establishment of the Coast Seaman's Union of San Francisco in the 1880s.
These efforts were followed by his involvement in the founding of the Kaweah Co-Operative Colony. The Colony was begun with the filing of land claims in 1885 and the formal purchase of land in 1887. Martin served as the Secretary of the Kaweah Colony for five years during which time the Colony was constructed, occupied, investigated by Federal agents, prosecuted by the Federal government and eventually dismantled. After leaving Kaweah, Martin moved to Los Angeles where he continued to fight for compensation of the colonists by the government. During this time Martin and some colleagues began to explore the possibility of establishing a cooperative colony in Mexico, but exploration proved fruitless.
At the beginning of the 20th century Martin moved to Victoria, British Columbia where he worked for a short period as a salesman before becoming involved in a labor dispute on behalf of the Marine Engineer's Association. Following the resolution of that labor dispute, he was hired as the organizing Secretary and Treasurer of the Merchant Service Guild of Canada. Amidst a dispute within the organization, Martin resigned in 1909. For the next two years Martin was involved in the establishment of the entrepreneurial enterprise of the Hartly Bay Lumber, Trading and Fishing Company. This business collapsed in 1911 and Martin spent the next 4 years working as Special Representative for the Hotel Del Monte in Western Canada.
In 1914 Martin retired from his work with the Hotel Del Monte and spent the next two years working to establish a cooperative colony similar to the Kaweah Colony in Tasmania. Despite the backing of prominent governmental officials in Tasmania, the colony failed to secure parliamentary approval for their establishment and in 1915 efforts were abandoned.
Following the failure of the Tasmania Colony, Martin suffered a nervous breakdown and spent several weeks convalescing with friends in Tasmania. Upon his recuperation he returned to British Columbia and unsuccessfully sought employment again with the Hotel Del Monte. Martin spent the next 19 years in retirement spending time with his children and grandchildren. He died on May 10, 1938 in San Luis Obispo.

Scope and Content of Collection

Contains documents from and relating to the Kaweah Colony, the Hartly Bay Lumber, Trading & Fishing Company, the Tasmania Colony, as well as information on other cooperatives. The Kaweah Colony records include official documents, correspondence, legal documents from a case with the U.S. Government, a scrapbook and two histories, including one unpublished manuscript by Martin. Papers also include a small amount of personal and family papers including an unpublished manuscript, "Religion and Socialism."
The collection is arranged into five series. Series 1: Kaweah Colony; Series 2: Hartly Bay Lumber, Trading & Fishing Company; Series 3: Tasmania Colony; Series 4: Other Cooperatives; Series 5: Personal and Family Papers.

Container List

 

Series 1 KAWEAH COLONY 1885-1972

Physical Description: Box 1-3, v. 1-3

Arrangement

Arranged hierarchically.

Scope and Content Note

Contains official documents of the colony, correspondence, documents related to the case between the colony and the U.S. Government, scrapbook and clippings and writings on the history of the Kaweah Colony including Curse of Capitalism, by J.J. Martin and Kaweah: a Saga of the Old Colony, by Will Purdy. Official documents include a state school land grant, taxes, an annual report and stocks. Correspondence includes correspondence of J.J. Martin concerning the colony after its demise. The documents relating to the court case include correspondence, legal documents, clippings and a map of the area where the colony was located.
Box 1, Folder 1

Official documents 1887-1889

 

Correspondence

Box 1, Folder 2

General 1890-1893

Box 1, Folder 3

To J.J. Martin 1889-1903

Box 1, Folder 4-5

Concerning the Kaweah Colony 1889-1938

 

Kaweah Colony vs. United States Government

Box 1, Folder 7

Correspondence 1885-1886

Box 1, Folder 8

Legal documents 1891-1898

Box 1, Folder 9

Map [ca. 1890]

Box 1, Folder 10

Clippings 1891-1902

Volume 1

Scrapbook 1885-1916

Box 1, Folder 11

Clippings 1954-1972

 

Writings

 

Curse of Capitalism, by J.J. Martin

Volume 2

Typescript, final [ca. 1930's]

Box 1, Folder 12-14

Typescript, draft [ca. 1930's]

Box 2, Folder 1-6

Manuscript [ca. 1930's]

Box 3, Folder 1-5

Drafts [ca. 1930's]

 

Kaweah: a Saga of the Old Colony, by Will Purdy

Volume 3

Typescript, final undated

Box 1, Folder 15

Typescript, draft undated

Box 1, Folder 16

Other writings on Kaweah, by various authors [ca. 1890-1928]

 

Series 2 HARTLY BAY LUMBER, TRADING AND FISHING COMPANY 1906-1911

Physical Description: Box 4, folders 1-4

Arrangement

Arranged hierarchically.

Scope and Content Note

Contains official documents, resolutions, accounts and a map of the location of the company. Official documents include a prospectus, legal agreements, articles of association, meeting minutes, land documents and stocks.
Box 4, Folder 1

Official documents 1906-1911

Box 4, Folder 2

Resolutions 1906-1909

Box 4, Folder 3

Accounts 1906-1910

Box 4, Folder 4

Map undated

 

Series 3 TASMANIA COLONY 1910-1916

Physical Description: Box 4, folders 5-8, v. 4

Arrangement

Arranged hierarchically.

Scope and Content Note

Contains official documents, correspondence, scrapbook, clippings and photographs. Photographs include pictures of individuals in the colony and of their arrival. Official documents include articles of association and other legal documents.
Box 4, Folder 5

Official documents 1910-1915

Box 4, Folder 6

Correspondence 1914-1916

Volume 4

Scrapbook 1914-1915

Box 4, Folder 7

Clippings 1914-1915

Box 4, Folder 8

Photographs 1915

 

Series 4 OTHER COOPERATIVES 1890-1916

Physical Description: Box 4, folders 9-11

Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by cooperative.

Scope and Content Note

Contains information on the Bucklands Settlement near Douglas, South Africa, the Credit Foncier Company in Sinaloa, Mexico and the Huapai Estate in New Zealand. The Bucklands Settlement documents include maps and floor plans of the colony and of Alby's Farm. The Credit Foncier Company documents include a photograph of members.
Box 4, Folder 9

Bucklands Settlement, near Douglas, South Africa [ca. 1910]

Box 4, Folder 10

Credit Foncier Company, Sinaloa, Mexico [ca. 1890]

Box 4, Folder 11

Huapai Estate, New Zealand 1916

 

Series 5 PERSONAL AND FAMILY PAPERS 1880-1942

Physical Description: Box 4, folders 12-19, Box 5

Arrangement

Arranged hierarchically.

Scope and Content Note

Contains correspondence, legal documents, clippings, photographs and writings. Correspondence includes family letters and letters to Martin during his tenure at the Hotel Del Monte. Photographs include pictures of Martin's home in Vancouver, B.C., some photographs of Nora [Martin's] trip around Cape of Good Hope and other family photographs. Martin's writings include the unpublished manuscript to Religion and Socialism. See other series for more of Martin's writings.
 

Correspondence

Box 4, Folder 12

Family 1897-1930

Box 4, Folder 13

Incoming 1899-1942

Box 4, Folder 14

Outgoing 1903

Box 4, Folder 15

Hotel Del Monte 1911-1919

Box 4, Folder 16

Martin, A.C. concerning employment in South Africa 1893-1897

Box 4, Folder 17

Legal documents [ca. 1880-1938]

Box 4, Folder 18

Clippings on J. J. Martin 1936

Box 4, Folder 19

Photographs [ca. 1907-1936]

 

Writings

 

Religion and Socialism

Box 5, Folders 1-2

Manuscript, draft undated

Box 5, Folders 3-4

Typescript undated

Box 5, Folder 5

Other manuscripts undated

Box 5, Folder 6

Published 1902-1912

Box 5, Folder 7

Quotes, notes, poems undated

Box 5, Folder 8

Miscellaneous clippings [ca. 1900-1935]