William Bond Papers

Special Collections & Archives, UC San Diego
Special Collections & Archives, UC San Diego
Copyright 2005
9500 Gilman Drive
La Jolla 92093-0175
spcoll@ucsd.edu


Descriptive Summary

Languages: English
Contributing Institution: Special Collections & Archives, UC San Diego
9500 Gilman Drive
La Jolla 92093-0175
Title: William Bond Papers
Creator: Bond, William
Creator: Bond, William
Identifier/Call Number: MSS 0080
Physical Description: 1.4 Linear feet (1 archives box and 1 flat box)
Date (inclusive): 1768-1883, bulk 1775-1776
Abstract: Papers of William Bond (d. 1776), Revolutionary Army officer and colonel in the 25th Regiment of Foot from Massachusetts. Bond led the regiment from July 1775 to August 31, 1776, when he died from an illness at Mount Independence near Fort Ticonderoga. The collection is arranged chronologically in a single series containing correspondence, orders, resolutions by the Massachusetts Provincial Congress, lists of officers and soldiers, financial receipts, and miscellaneous administrative documents related to the 25th Regiment.

Restrictions

Digital surrogates must be used in place of original documents.

Scope and Content of Collection

Papers of William Bond (d. 1776), Revolutionary Army officer and colonel in the 25th Regiment of Foot from Massachusetts. Bond led the regiment from July 1775 to August 31, 1776, when he died from an illness at Mount Independence near Fort Ticonderoga.
Significant among the few items of correspondence is an autograph letter signed by General George Washington (20 May 1776) to Major General Sullivan in which he laments the "indolence" of States "so backward in reinforcing you," agrees to allow General Stark to join Sullivan and relates news that the enemy will soon evacuate Philadelphia. Other important correspondence includes four letters from Bond to his wife Lucy in Watertown, Massachusetts (dated 12 April, 20 April, 11 July, and 10 August 1776).
The collection contains numerous administrative documents related to Bond's position as commander of the 25th Regiment, including written orders, resolutions of the Provincial Congress of Massachusetts, receipts for supplies, and lists of returns of officers, soldiers, deserters, and discharges. Among the signers of these documents are generals Philip Schuyler (5 May 1776), Horatio Gates (15 March 1776), William Heath (14 August 1775), and Nathanael Greene (15 March 1776). Among the resolutions are two signed by Joseph Warren (24 April and 19 May 1775). Also included is a list of Bond's personal property, which was inventoried and appraised shortly after his death (September 1776).
The collection is arranged chronologically in a single series containing correspondence, orders, resolutions by the Massachusetts Provincial Congress, lists of officers and soldiers, financial receipts, and miscellaneous administrative documents related to the 25th Regiment. Materials with approximated dates appear at the end of the collection.

Biography

On the basis of materials in this collection, William Bond lived in the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1768 and was probably the son of Jonas and Hannah Bond. He was a captain in the military in 1774. In July, 1775, he held the rank of lieutenant colonel, second-in-command, in the 37th Regiment of Foot (infantry) in General George Washington's Continental Army. After the death of the regiment's commander, Colonel Thomas Gardner, Bond was promoted to colonel and took over command. After November, 1775, Bond's regiment was renamed the 25th Regiment and remained camped at Prospect Hill, Massachusetts, during the winter of 1775-1776.
William Bond and the 25th Regiment participated in the campaign to conquer Canada during 1776. Congress had requested that General Washington send four regiments to reinforce the army in Canada. On March 15, 1776, the 5th and 25th Regiments received orders from General Horatio Gates to march to Norwich, Connecticut. On March 30, the Massachusetts regiments led by William Bond, John Patterson and John Greaton, along with the New Hampshire regiment led by Enoch Poor, arrived in New York. On April 21, the four regiments sailed in sloops up the Hudson River to Albany under the command of General William Thompson.
In early May, the 25th Regiment was preparing to cross into Canada by boat and reached Sorel by June 14, Chamblee by June 17, Isle aux Noix by June 18, and Crown Point by July 11. On August 10, the 25th Regiment was camped at Mount Independence, a hill near Fort Ticonderoga. The stagnant lakes and swamps around Mount Independence contributed to the diseases already suffered by the regiment, including smallpox. Desertions and discharges for medical reasons severly reduced troop strength. On August 31, 1776, Colonel William Bond died of illness at Mount Independence.

Publication Rights

Digital copies of this material are intended to support research, teaching, and private study. This work may be used without prior permission. The original manuscripts for this collection are held by Special Collections & Archives, UC San Diego Library.

Preferred Citation

William Bond Papers, MSS 80. Special Collections & Archives, UC San Diego.

Acquisition Information

Acquired 1965.

Digital Content

This collection has been digitized.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

United States -- History -- Revolution, 1775-1783 -- Biography
United States -- History -- Revolution, 1775-1783 -- Regimental histories -- Massachusetts
Washington, George
United States. Continental Army. Massachusetts Regiment, 25th
Bond, William -- Archives
Sullivan, John
United States. Continental Army -- Biography
Schuyler, Philip John
Gates, Horatio

 

DOCUMENTS

Box 1, Folder 1

Judge of the Probate of Wills, and for granting Letters of Administration on the Estates of Persons deceased...To Mrs. Hannah Bond Widow and William Bond yeoman 1768 September 27

Judge of the Probate of Wills, and for granting Letters of Administration on the Estates of Persons deceased...To Mrs. Hannah Bond Widow and William Bond yeoman

General

William Bond's power of administration for Jonas Bond's estate. 1 page.
Box 1, Folder 2

Receipts 1774-1777

Receipts

General

10 pages.
Box 1, Folder 3

General orders 1775-1776

General orders

General

8 pages.
Box 1, Folder 4

In Provincial Congress, at Watertown, April 23, 1775. Resolved, that the following Establishment of Forces now immediately to be raised for the Recovery and Preservation of our undoubted Rights and Liberties, be as follows… 1775 April 23

In Provincial Congress, at Watertown, April 23, 1775. Resolved, that the following Establishment of Forces now immediately to be raised for the Recovery and Preservation of our undoubted Rights and Liberties, be as follows

General

Printed resolution which established pay rated for officers and enlisted men, provided for uniforms for non-commissioned officers and privates and specified that local towns should provide enlistees with blankets. 1 page.
Box 1, Folder 5

Orders from the Committee of Safety, Cambridge, to Capt John Stratton to enlist 56 men for the Massachusetts Service 1775 April 24

Orders from the Committee of Safety, Cambridge, to Capt John Stratton to enlist 56 men for the Massachusetts Service

General

Signed by Joseph Warren. 2 pages.
Box 1, Folder 6

In Provincial Congress Watertown May 19, 1775. Resolved. That Colonel Bond be and hereby is directed to appoint a Guard of six men to escort Lady Frankland to Boston... 1775 May 19

In Provincial Congress Watertown May 19, 1775. Resolved. That Colonel Bond be and hereby is directed to appoint a Guard of six men to escort Lady Frankland to Boston...

General

Signed by Joseph Warren. 1 page.
Box 1, Folder 7

In Provincial Congress. Watertown, June 8, 1775. Whereas it is necessary to have as soon as may be, a Return of the Number and Equipments of the forces raised by this Colony... 1775 June 8

In Provincial Congress. Watertown, June 8, 1775. Whereas it is necessary to have as soon as may be, a Return of the Number and Equipments of the forces raised by this Colony...

General

Resolution proposing officers who report false numbers of men or equipment under their commands be convicted and cashiered. 1 page (two copies).
Box 1, Folder 8

In Provicial Congress, Watertown, June 10, 1775. Resolved, That each Soldier shall have the following Allowance per Day... 1775 June 10

In Provicial Congress, Watertown, June 10, 1775. Resolved, That each Soldier shall have the following Allowance per Day...

General

Printed list of food and supplies. 1 page.
Box 1, Folder 9

In Provincial Congress, Watertown, June 16th, 1775. As it has pleased almighty God in his Providence to suffer the Calamities of an unnatural War... 1775 June 16

In Provincial Congress, Watertown, June 16th, 1775. As it has pleased almighty God in his Providence to suffer the Calamities of an unnatural War...

General

Printed resolution regarding the observance of the Sabbath. 1 page.
Box 1, Folder 10

List of men "Belongin [sic] to my Company" 1775 June 26

List of men "Belongin [sic] to my Company"

General

1 page.
Box 1, Folder 11

A List of Officers in the Regiment where of Thomas Gardner Esq. late of Cambridge Deceased was Colonel 1775 July 6

A List of Officers in the Regiment where of Thomas Gardner Esq. late of Cambridge Deceased was Colonel

General

1 page.
Box 1, Folder 12

Instructions for the Officers of the several Regiments of the Massachusetts-Bay Forces, who are immediately to go upon the Recruiting Service 1775 July 10

Instructions for the Officers of the several Regiments of the Massachusetts-Bay Forces, who are immediately to go upon the Recruiting Service

General

1 page.
Box 1, Folder 13

A Return of the Number and Name of Men in the late Col. Gardner Regt. that are expert in manging [sic] whale boats in the folowing [sic] companies 1775 July 17

A Return of the Number and Name of Men in the late Col. Gardner Regt. that are expert in manging [sic] whale boats in the folowing [sic] companies

General

1 page.
Box 1, Folder 14

Appointment of John Jones to the rank of first sergeant under Captain Moses Whiting, signed by General William Heath 1775 August 14

Appointment of John Jones to the rank of first sergeant under Captain Moses Whiting, signed by General William Heath

General

1 page.
Box 1, Folder 15

A Return of the Regiment in the Service of The United Colonies of North America 1775 August 30

A Return of the Regiment in the Service of The United Colonies of North America

General

Printed form with signifigant holograph annotations. 1 page.
Box 2, Folder 1

To the Hon. Gen. Assembly of the Colony of the Massachusetts Bay, now sitting at Watertown. The Humble Petition of Lt. Col. William Bond of the 37th Reg. of Foot in the Continental Army 1775 September 25

To the Hon. Gen. Assembly of the Colony of the Massachusetts Bay, now sitting at Watertown. The Humble Petition of Lt. Col. William Bond of the 37th Reg. of Foot in the Continental Army

General

Request to approve recommendations for promotions. 2 pages.

Restrictions

Oversize. Restrictions Apply.
Box 2, Folder 2

A Return of the Number of Officers and Soldiers that has Engaged or Enlisted in the 37th Regiment in the Continental Army; and A Return of the Field, Commiss., and Staff Officers in the 37 Reg. of the Foot together with the Vacancies therein 1775 October 16

A Return of the Number of Officers and Soldiers that has Engaged or Enlisted in the 37th Regiment in the Continental Army; and A Return of the Field, Commiss., and Staff Officers in the 37 Reg. of the Foot together with the Vacancies therein

Restrictions

Oversize. Restrictions Apply.

General

1 page.
Box 1, Folder 18

Letter to Brigadier General Green from the commissioned officers of the 37th Regiment of Foot discontinuing service for lack of commissions and appointments 1775 October 18

Letter to Brigadier General Green from the commissioned officers of the 37th Regiment of Foot discontinuing service for lack of commissions and appointments

General

1 page (copy).
Box 1, Folder 19

A Return of Capt Abner Crafts Comp. in the 37 Reg 1775 November 2

A Return of Capt Abner Crafts Comp. in the 37 Reg

General

1 page. See also, "A return of Capt. Abner Craft's Comp. in Coll. Willm. Bond Reg." in Box 2, Folder 5.
Box 1, Folder 20

List of Field Officers in the Continental Army as stated By a Board of Gen. Officers at Cambridge; and An Abstract of the Pay due to the commissioned staff, officers and soldiers in the 37 Regiment 1775 November 4, 1775 December 28

List of Field Officers in the Continental Army as stated By a Board of Gen. Officers at Cambridge; and An Abstract of the Pay due to the commissioned staff, officers and soldiers in the 37 Regiment

General

2 pages (including verso).
Box 1, Folder 21

Proceedings of a Gen. Court martial held in Roxbury by Order of Major Gen. Ward for the tryal of all such Prisoners as should be bro't before the same 1776 January 1

Proceedings of a Gen. Court martial held in Roxbury by Order of Major Gen. Ward for the tryal of all such Prisoners as should be bro't before the same

General

Israel Woodcock was tried for assaulting an officer. 1 page (copy).
Box 1, Folder 22

Notification of the adjournment of the Court Martial of which Colonel Bond is president 1776 January 17

Notification of the adjournment of the Court Martial of which Colonel Bond is president

General

1 page.
Box 1, Folder 23

Resolution by the House of Representatives of the Massachusetts Bay Colony that discharged officers or soldiers must return arms and cartridge boxes 1776 January 25

Resolution by the House of Representatives of the Massachusetts Bay Colony that discharged officers or soldiers must return arms and cartridge boxes

General

1 page (copy).
Box 1, Folder 24

Discharge orders for James Richardson for "being a Lazy, Idle Fellow, unwilling to do his Duty, and very much subject to the Poorlys" 1776 March 10

Discharge orders for James Richardson for "being a Lazy, Idle Fellow, unwilling to do his Duty, and very much subject to the Poorlys"

General

1 page.
Box 1, Folder 25

Colonel Bond and the other Field Officers having made and reported the following Arangement [sic] of the Captains in the Twenty Fifth Regiment - I have examined them and approve thereof... 1776 March 15

Colonel Bond and the other Field Officers having made and reported the following Arangement [sic] of the Captains in the Twenty Fifth Regiment - I have examined them and approve thereof...

General

Signed by Brigadier General Nathanael Greene. 1 page.
Box 1, Folder 26

Orders for Colonel John Stark Commanding the 5th and 25th Regiments of Foot 1776 March 15

Orders for Colonel John Stark Commanding the 5th and 25th Regiments of Foot

General

Orders to proceed to Norwich, Connecticut signed by General Horatio Gates. 1 page.
Box 1, Folder 27

Letter, William Bond to Lucy Bond 1776 April 12

Letter, William Bond to Lucy Bond

General

Bond wrote from New York to his wife in Watertown, Mass., regarding the disposition of regiments in the area and mentioned that soon several regiments would be sent to Quebec. 1 page.
Box 1, Folder 28

List of men to be discharged from Colonel Bond's 25th Regiment 1776 April 17

List of men to be discharged from Colonel Bond's 25th Regiment

General

1 page.
Box 1, Folder 29

Letter, William Bond to Lucy Bond 1776 April 20

Letter, William Bond to Lucy Bond

General

Bond wrote to his wife from New York that Colonel Poor's, Patterson's, Graton's, and Bond's regiment shall sail for Albany and related that his regiment was in good health. 1 page.
Box 1, Folder 30

Letter and orders from General Philip Schuyler, Fort George 1776 May 5

Letter and orders from General Philip Schuyler, Fort George

General

Gen Schuyler worries that there will not be enough boats to transport his men to Canada quickly and orders Colonels Patterson, Greaton, and Bond to put 30 men per boat with only 9 oars. 1 page.
Box 2, Folder 3

Letter, General George Washington to Major General Sullivan 1776 May 20

Letter, General George Washington to Major General Sullivan

Restrictions

Oversize. Restrictions Apply.

General

1 page.
Box 1, Folder 32

Letter, William Bond to Lucy Bond 1776 July 11

Letter, William Bond to Lucy Bond

General

Bond wrote to his wife Crown Point about an outbreak of smallpox in his regiment, his movements in Canada and his impending march to Ticonderoga. 2 pages.
Box 2, Folder 4

Return of Deserters from Col. Wm. Bonds Regt. since Jan 1 1776 1776 July 16

Return of Deserters from Col. Wm. Bonds Regt. since Jan 1 1776

Restrictions

Oversize. Restrictions Apply.

General

1 page.
Box 1, Folder 34

Letter, William Bond to Lucy Bond 1776 August 10

Letter, William Bond to Lucy Bond

General

Bond wrote to his wife from Ticonderoga about the numbers of sick men in his regiment, described the camp outside Ticonderoga and the military activities in the area. 2 pages.
Box 1, Folder 35

Recommendation of discharge for medical reasons for Thaddeus Willington Trummer and Joseph Eaton, both of Colonel Bond's 25th Regiment 1776 August 16

Recommendation of discharge for medical reasons for Thaddeus Willington Trummer and Joseph Eaton, both of Colonel Bond's 25th Regiment

General

2 pages.
Box 1, Folder 36

List of men to be discharged due to illness from Colonel Bond's regiment 1776 August 23-24

List of men to be discharged due to illness from Colonel Bond's regiment

General

2 pages.
Box 1, Folder 37

An Inventory of Effects left in Camp by Col. William Bond of 25th Rigement [sic] late decesed [sic] as Prised [sic] by Capt. Eagry and Capt. Smith of said Rigmt 1776 September

An Inventory of Effects left in Camp by Col. William Bond of 25th Rigement [sic] late decesed [sic] as Prised [sic] by Capt. Eagry and Capt. Smith of said Rigmt

Box 1, Folder 38

Letter, Colonel Trumbull to Henry Bond 1833 December 13

Letter, Colonel Trumbull to Henry Bond

General

Trumbull has reviewed his copy of General Order of the Army at Ticonderoga and finds nothing that would help established the family's claim (undisclosed). 1 page.
 

Undated

Box 1, Folder 39

List of field and staff officer appointments circa 1776

List of field and staff officer appointments

Box 1, Folder 40

List of Field, Staff and Commissioned Officers in the 25th Regiment of Foot circa 1776

List of Field, Staff and Commissioned Officers in the 25th Regiment of Foot

Box 1, Folder 41

A List of the Names and Rank of the Officers of the Twentyfifth Regiment circa 1776

A List of the Names and Rank of the Officers of the Twentyfifth Regiment

Box 1, Folder 42

Excerpt. An oration, pronounced at Portland, July 4, 1795: being the birthday of Columbian freedom. By Elijah Kellogg, A.M. 1795

General

Pages 25-28.
Box 2, Folder 5

A Return of Capt. Abner Crafts Comp. in Coll. Willm. Bond Reg circa 1776

A Return of Capt. Abner Crafts Comp. in Coll. Willm. Bond Reg

Restrictions

Oversize. Restrictions Apply.
Box 1, Folder 44

A Return of Soldiers Names in Capt. Harris' Company who have Stands of New Arms together with the Names of those Officers, non Commissioned Officers and Soldiers who have rec[eived] Arms circa 1776

A Return of Soldiers Names in Capt. Harris' Company who have Stands of New Arms together with the Names of those Officers, non Commissioned Officers and Soldiers who have rec[eived] Arms