Scope and Content
Title: Wells A. Hutchins Papers,
Date (inclusive): 1917-1967
Collection number: MS 79/6
Hutchins, Wells A. (Wells Aleck), 1888-1970
Extent: 15 linear ft. (13 cartons)
Water Resources Collections and Archives
Shelf location: This collection is stored off-campus at NRLF. Please contact the Water Resources Collections and Archives staff for access
to the materials.
Collection is open for research.
Copyright has not been assigned to the Water Resources Collections and Archives. All requests for permission to publish or
quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Head of Archives. Permission for publication is given on
behalf of the Water Resources Collections and Archives as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or
imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.
[Identification of item], Wells A. Hutchins Papers, MS 79/6, Water Resources Collections and Archives, University of California,
Papers organized into four sections:
- I. Published and unpublished writings of Hutchins.
- II. Conference papers and other public addresses.
- III. Correspondence.
- IV. Report and other research materials grouped by state.
Scope and Content
Correspondence, writings, speeches, and report materials. Hutchins served for 62 years in various bureaus and offices of the
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; his major work dealt with water laws and water rights in the Western States. He also lectured on
water law and institutions at the University of California.
Water rights -- West (U.S.)
Irrigation laws -- West (U.S.)
Water -- Law and legislation -- West (U.S.)
Irrigation -- Economic aspects -- West (U.S.)
Water districts -- Law and legislation -- West (U.S.)
Drainage -- Law and legislation -- West (U.S.)
Groundwater -- Law and legislation -- West (U.S.)
Wells A. Hutchins, a nationally recognized authority on Western water laws, had completed over 62 years of service with the
Department of Agriculture at the time of his death in Berkeley, California, on September 19, 1970. As an employee of Natural
Resource Economics Division, he was completing the final draft of his comprehensive, multi-volume work,
State Water Rights Laws of the Nineteen Western States.
Mr. Hutchins began his government career in 1908, when he joined the Department of Agriculture's Bureau of Soils as an irrigation
economist. Over the years he worked with a number of other agencies in the Department, including the Office of Extension Service,
Office of Public Roads and Rural Engineering, Bureau of Public Roads, Bureau of Agricultural Engineering, Soil Conservation
Service, and lastly, Economic Research Service and predecessor agencies. After reaching retirement age in 1958, following
nearly 50 years of Federal service, Mr. Hutchins was reemployed each year so that he could complete his important book on
the law of water rights in the Western States. He received recognition for 60 years of Federal service in 1968. The occasion
was marked by special recognition from the Secretary of Agriculture.
Mr. Hutchins wrote dozens of books, papers, and articles on water laws and water rights in the Western States. His
Selected Problems in the Law of Water Rights in the West has been a classic in its field since 1942. Another major work,
California Law of Water Rights, has been widely acclaimed as a masterpiece of exposition and analysis. He also wrote studies of water laws of Hawaii, Nevada,
New Mexico, Oklahoma, Idaho, Kansas, Montana, Texas, and Utah. He helped many states draw up improved water laws and in the
1940's served as chairman of the National Reclamation Association's committee to formulate desirable water law principles
for the West. He also lectured on water law and institutions at the University of California at Davis and Berkeley.
Wells A. Hutchins's eminent career with the Department of Agriculture culminated with the publication of "Water Rights Laws
in the Nineteen Western States,"* a three-volume work which began to appear a year after his death in 1970. The collection
of primary materials described in this key was amassed over a period spanning approximately half a century, and it includes
much of the data used in
Water Rights Laws in the Nineteen Western States. It also includes Mr. Hutchins's own earlier publications and addresses, work-related documents, and correspondence. Altogether
this collection amounts to thirteen cartons of materials. Most of the printed materials collected by Hutchins in the course
of his work are not described in this key; they are, however, cataloged into the collection of the Water Resources Collections
and Archives (Berkeley) and can be accessed through the card catalog at the Archives.
The collection has been organized into five sections. The first section contains both published and unpublished writings by
Hutchins; the published materials include virtually all of the works cited in Hutchins's own listing of publications (see
File No. 1), with only a few exceptions. Variant states of many of these works, such as type-written drafts, proofs, and reprints,
are also found here. The items are in alphabetical order by title.
The second section contains Hutchins's prepared public addresses. These are, for the most part, papers read at various conferences
and meetings. Some were published and others are closely related to separate publications found in the first section. These
also are arranged alphabetically by title.
A vast amount of correspondence occupies the third section of the collection. Many items of small significance, such as requests
for publications and acknowledgements of publications received, are to be found here. Some important documents, however, are
also present; these deal with questions of law, the drafting of legislation, the development of publications, Hutchins's personal
affairs, etc. This correspondence serves to supplement materials found in other sections. The arrangement of correspondence
dealing with water law is alphabetical by state; other correspondence is grouped by specific topic. Within each folder, the
correspondence is placed chronologically.
The fourth section contains research materials bearing on water law in the West. Items here are in order by state and are
then further gathered into one of six possible categories, as follows:
- I. Laws, statutes, legislative bills, court proceedings
- II. Agency rules, regulations, by-laws, articles of incorporation
- III. Articles, circulars, reports, newspaper clippings, memoranda, conference proceedings, etc.
- IV. Maps, sketches, photographs, diagrams, tables
- V. Hutchins's notes, drafts, summaries, manuscript corrections
- VI. Miscellaneous items
Not all states have items for all categories and, consequently, numbering of sub-sections (I-VI) is not always consecutive.
Arrangement within categories is chronological except in certain instances (e.g., Valmont case, #472A-S) where it appeared
advisable to follow a single proceeding through.
The final section of the collection contains general and/or miscellaneous items not included in the other sections. It is
divided into the same categories as those for the individual states in the fourth section.
Throughout sections three through five of the collection, loose items which were initially attached together with paper clips
(presumably by Hutchins) have been stapled together in order to preserve their integrity. An
item, in collation statements, refers to a single unit: either one document or a number of documents which are attached. For example,
a folder of correspondence which contains
9 items could conceivably have 20-30 documents gathered into nine bundles. This may be useful to remember.
*Completed by Harold H. Ellis and J. Peter DeBrall, Washington, D.C.: U. S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Economics
Division, 1971-1977, 3 v.
References are to file numbers.
Albonico v. Madera Irrigation District
Alhambra (City of)
Alves, John F. and Mary
American Association for the Advancement of Science
American Farm Bureau Federation, Institute of Irrigation Agriculture
American Institute of Mining Engineers
American Petroleum Institute
American Society of Agricultural Engineers
American Society of Civil Engineers
American Water Works Association, California Section
Anderson, Ralph P.
Arizona. State Land Department
Arizona. State Engineer
Arizona. State Water Commission(er)
Arkansas. State Department of Public Utilities
Arkansas River Valley
Association of Western State Engineers
Baker, Donald M.
Baumann, J. H. and Marquerite Marie Jacobson v. Robert V. Smrha
Bennett, James S.
Bennett, N. B., Jr.
Bishop, L. C.
Blalock, W. R.
Bliss, John H.
Bond, J. B.
Boquillas Land and Cattle Company, New Mexico
Boyd, George R.
Boyden, John S.
Brannan, Charles F.
Burns, C. V.
Busby, M. W.
California. Coast Roads Conference Committee
California. Conservation Commission
California. Department of Natural Resources
California. Department of Public Works. Division of Water Resources
California. Division of Land Settlement
California. Railroad Commission
California. State Engineer
California. State Water Rights Board
California. University. Agricultural Experiment Station
California. University. Agricultural Extension Service
California. University. College of Agriculture
California. University. Division of Agricultural Sciences
California-Michigan Land and Water Company
California Sprinkler Irrigation Conference, San Luis Obispo, California
Cameron County Water Control and Improvement District, Texas
Canales, J. T.
Canyon County, Idaho
Carlsbad Mutual Water Company, New Mexico
Cartwright, L. J., et al v. Public Service Company of New Mexico
Chandler, A. E.
Chuck, Spasoje N....[et al] v. John F. Alves and Mary Alves
Clark, Robert Emmet
Cochran, George T.
Codding, G. A.
Colorado. State Engineer
Colorado. State University. Experiment Station
Colorado Bar Association
Colorado-Big Thompson Project
Colorado River Basin Water Quality Control Project
Columbia Interstate Compact
Commonwealth Club of California
Conference of Technical Workers of the Division of Irrigation and Water Conservation, Logan, Utah
Conference on the California Ground Water Situation, Berkeley, California
Conference on Water for Texas
Connally, John (Governor of Texas)
Conservancy Act of Colorado
Cook, Alma S., et al v. Robert H. Evans, et al
Craig, Gavin M.
Cuba (Republic of)
Cunningham, Fred J.
Cupper, Percy A.
Delhi State Land Settlement, Merced County, California
Dent, O. F.
Denver-St. Vrain Municipal Irrigation District, Colorado
Dille, J. M.
Dority, Bert Troy
Dunbar, Robert G.
Ellis, Harold H.
Emerson, Frank C.
Ettleman, W. I.
Evans, Robert H.
Farm Credit Administration
Farmer, Edward J.
Feather River, California
Fellows, A. L.
Ferrier, Hugh W.
Field, John E.
Fischer, Harry O.
Four States Irrigation Council
Furness, L. W.
Gaffney, M. Mason
Gebhardt, A. E.
Grand Valley Project, Colorado
Grimes, J. W.
Hale, Heber Q.
Halseth, Odd S.
Harris, Charles D.
Hart, Donald H.
Hart, R. A.
Hawaii. Board of Water Supply
Hawaii. Irrigation Authority
Hawaii. University. Legislative Reference Bureau
Hawaii. Water Authority
Hawaiian Sugar Planters' Association
Hemingway, Ambrose D.
Hesston and Sedgwick (cities of), et al v. R. V. Smrha
Hewes, L. I.
Hidalgo County Water Improvement District, Texas
Hindman, A. C.
Honnold, A. R.
Houston, Virginia Taylor
Howell, I. M.
Howser, Fred N.
Hughes, William F.
Hydroelectric Act of Oregon
Idaho. Department of Finance. Blue Sky Bureau
Idaho. Irrigation and Drainage Code Commission
Idaho. Public Utilities Commission
Idaho. State Board of Land Commissioners
Idaho. State Department of Reclamation
Idaho. State Engineer
Imperial Northside Water Company
Imperial Water Company No.
Institute of Irrigation Agriculture
International Law Association
Irrigation Districts Association of California
Ivanhoe Irrigation District v. All Parties
Jacobson, Marguerite Marie
Jensen, Dallin W.
Jones, Lewis A.
Kansas. Board of Irrigation, Survey, Experiment and Demonstration
Kansas. State Board of Agriculture
Kansas. Water Resources Board
Kansas (State of) v. Kansas State Board of Agriculture, et al
King, Keith Creighton
Knapp, George S.
Knight, W. W. v. J. W. Grimes, et al
Lambert, Hubert C.
Lanning, S. A.
Laylin, John G.
Lea, Samuel H.
Legal Problems in Water Resources [conference], Berkeley, California, 1957
Lethbridge Northern Irrigation District, Alberta, Canada
Lewis, John H.
Lewis and Clark County, Montana
Little River Drainage District, Missouri
Luttes, J. W., et al v. State of Texas
McClintock, A. G.
McMahon, George H.
Madera Irrigation District, California
Magee, A. C.
Mann, Dean E.
Mann, Fred L.
Mexico. General Archives of the Nation
Middle Rio Grande Conservancy District, New Mexico
Midwestern States Flood Control Conference, East Lansing, Michigan, 1954
Miller, David J.
Modig, Merlyn E.
Moffat Tunnel Improvement District, Colorado
Montana. Agricultural Experiment Station
Montana. Irrigation Commission
Montana. Public Service Commission
Montana. State Engineer
Montana. State Planning Board
Montana. State Water Conservation Board
Morgan, Edward J.
Motl v. Boyd (Texas)
Mower, S. Clare v. J. B. Bond
National Reclamation Act
National Reclamation Association
Nebraska. Bureau of Irrigation, Water Power and Drainage
Nebraska. Department of Public Works
Nebraska. Department of Roads and Irrigation
Nebraska. State Board of Irrigation
Nebraska. State Board of Irrigation, Highways and Drainage
Neches River Conservation District (Texas) v. Brigadier General L. E. Seeman, et al
Nelson, Gilbert F.
Nevada. Department of Conservation and natural Resources
Nevada. Division of Water Resources
Nevada. State Engineer
Nevada. University. Agricultural Experiment Station
Nevada Water Conference (10th)
New Mexico. Board of Water Commissioners
New Mexico. Stater Corporation Commission
New Mexico. State Engineer
New Mexico A & M College. Agricultural Experiment Station
New Mexico Water Conference (2nd) 1957
New Mexico Water Conference (3rd) 1958
New Mexico Water Conference (4th) 1959
Noe, Warden L.
Norman, L. A., Jr.
North Dakota. State Engineer
North Dakota. State Water Conservation Commission
Northern Colorada Water Conservancy District
Oklahoma. Division of State Planning
Oklahoma. Planning and Resources Board
Oklahoma. State Water Study Committee
Oklahoma. Water Resources Board
Oregon. Agricultural Experiment Station
Oregon. Conservation Commission
Oregon. Hydroelectric Commission
Oregon. State Committee on Natural Resources
Oregon. State Engineer
Oregon. State Land Board
Oregon. State Water Board
Ostrander, R. E.
Parmelee, Edward M.
Parshall, A. J.
Pasadena (City of) v. California-Michigan Land and Water Company
Pasadena (City of) v. City of Alhambra (1950)
Payette-Boise Water Users' Association
Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
Peaslee, J. H.
President's Water Resources Policy Commission
Price River area, Utah
Public Utilities Commission Act of Utah
Rank, Everett G., et al v. (Krug) United States of America, et al
Regional Water Resources Committee
Reynolds, S. E.
River Basin Development, Symposium
Roe, J. W.
St. David Cooperative Commercial and Developing Association, New Mexico
St. Germain Irrigation Company v. Hawthorne Ditch Company, et al
Sanders, T. T.
Santa Barbara County Water Agency v. All persons
Santo Domingo de Hoyos
Santa Fe Chamber of Commerce
Santa Genoveva Community Acequia, New Mexico
Sargent, Frederic O.
Scofield W. C. U. Project
Seeman, L. E.
Shamberger, Hugh A. (Nevada State Engineer)
Shaw, Arvin B.
Shawver, C. D.
Slaughter, James T.
Smith, G. E. P.
Smith, Garland F.
Smith, Robert L.
Smrha, Robert V.
South Dakota. State Engineer
South Dakota. State Planning Board
South Dakota. State Water Conservation Commission
South Dakota Irrigation Committee
South Dakota Reclamation Association
Southern Canal Company v. State Board of Water Engineers (Texas), et al
Southern Pacific Company
Southwestern Social Science Association
Southwestern Water Company, Arkansas
Stahl, Elmer G.
Stanley, Lewis A.
Steele, Harry A.
Stewart, Edwin T.
Stricklin, Charles E.
Sturrock, J. E.
Swezey, J. A.
Talent Irrigation District, Oregon
Taylor, S. D.
Teele, R. P.
Texas. Agricultural Experiment Station
Texas. Attorney General
Texas. Governor. John Connally
Texas. Planning Board
Texas. State Board of Water Engineers
Texas. Water Commission
Texas Agricultural Workers Association
Texas Research League
Texas (State of) v. Hidalgo County Water Control and Improvement District No. 18, et al
Texas (State of) v. Valmont Plantations
Texas Water Conservation Association
Texas Water Law Conference, Austin, Texas, 1956
Thomas v. Lacotts (1953)
Tracy, Joseph M.
Trelease, Frank J.
True, Gordon H.
True, James B.
Tyson, L. R., Jr.
Uintah Basin, Utah
U. S. Department of Agriculture
U.S. Department of Agruculture. Bureau of Agricultural Engineering
U.S. Department of Agriculture. Farm Economics Research Division
U.S. Department of Agriculture. Office of Experiment Stations
U.S. Department of Agriculture. Natural Resource Economics Division
U.S. Department of Agriculture. Office of Information. Radio Service
U.S. Department of Agriculture. Production Economics Research Branch
U.S. Department of the Interior
U.S. Geological Survey. Water Resources Division
U.S. Office of Experiment Stations
U.S. Office of Public Road and Rural Engineering
U.S. Reclamation Service
U.S. Soil Conservation Service
U.S. War Department. Office of the Chief of Engineers
U.S. (Army). Corps of Engineers
United States of America v. States of Louisiana, Texas, Mississippi, Alabama and Florida
Upper Missouri River Basin Water Users Association
Utah. Agricultural Experiment Station
Utah. State Board of Land Commissioners
Utah. State Engineer
Utah. State Land Commissioner
Utah Water Storage Association
Wadsworth, H. A.
Wagner, Ed, et al v. Elwood Grimes
Walker, A. W., Jr.
Walker, H. B.
Warren, Earl, Jr.
Washington. Department of Conservation and Development
Washington. Department of Conservation and Development. Division of Hydraulics
Washington. Department of Conservation and Development. Division of Water Resources
Washington. Department of Public Works.
Washington. Office of the State Hydraulic Engineer
Washington. Secretary of State
Washington. Water Code Commission
Washington Irrigation Institute
Washington State Land Settlement Association
Water Conservation Conference, 1935
Water Law Conference on Riparian and Appropriative Rights, Austin, Texas, 1954
Water Law Institute, Salt Lake City, Utah
Watson, Ed H.
Watson, Henry G.
Welles, P. I.
Welling, Milton H.
Western Farm and Home Hour
Western Resources Conference, Boulder, Colorado, 1960
Western State Engineers Convention, Seattle, Washington, 1957
White, A. A.
Whiting, John A.
Widtsoe, John A.
Williams, A. B. v. City of Wichita, Kansas
Wyoming. State Board of Control
Wyoming. State Engineer
Wyoming Reclamation Association
Wyoming (State of) v. State of Colorado
Yeo, Herbert W.
Yohe, H. S.