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Inventory of the George H. Dole Papers, 1846-1902
HM 57700 - 57962  
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Collection Details
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  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content Note

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: George H. Dole Papers,
    Date (inclusive): 1846-1902
    Collection number: HM 57700 - 57962
    Creator: Dole, George H.
    Extent: 263 catalogued items
    Repository: The Huntington Library
    San Marino, California 91108
    The collection contains 263 catalogued items, consisting of 218 pieces of correspondence and 45 essays. The collection spans the period 1846 to 1902, with the bulk of the collection between 1858 and 1878.
    Acquisition number: 1161
    Language: English.

    Administrative Information


    Collection is open to qualified researches by prior application through the Reader Services Department. For more information please go to following URL .

    Publication Rights

    In order to quote from, publish, or reproduce any of the manuscripts or visual materials, researchers must obtain formal permission from the office of the Library Director. In most instances, permission is given by the Huntington as owner of the physical property rights only, and researchers must also obtain permission from the holder of the literary rights In some instances, the Huntington owns the literary rights, as well as the physical property rights. Researchers may contact the appropriate curator for further information.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], George H. Dole Papers, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

    Acquisition Information

    This collection was purchased from Robert Van Dyke in February 1985.

    Biographical Note

    George H. Dole was born in 1842 in Punahou, Hawaii; his brother, Sanford B. (Sanford Ballard) Dole, 1844-1926, also born in Hawaii, became President of the Provisional Government of Hawaii in 1893, President of the Hawaiian Republic in 1894, and in 1900 was appointed the first Governor of the Territory of Hawaii. George and Sanford's parents, Daniel and Emily Dole, came to Hawaii from Maine as missionaries in 1841. The Doles first lived in Punahou, where they opened a school for children. Emily Dole died shortly after Sanford's birth and two years later, in 1846, Daniel married Charlotte Close Knapp, a fellow missionary in Hawaii. In 1855 the Dole family moved to the island of Kauai and opened a school in Koloa. George and Sanford attended the Koloa School and in 1864, at the age of 22, George left to travel in America. In 1867, after returning to Hawaii, George married Clara Rowell and began employment on several sugar plantations, including the Koloa, Kealia and the Kapaa plantations. In 1889, George, his wife, and their twelve children (a thirteenth child was born in 1890) moved to Riverside, California. George worked for the Riverside Naval Orange Company and various insurance agencies. In 1900 George invested money in the Minnehaha Oil Company located in Bakersfield, California. George H. Dole died in California in 1912.

    Scope and Content Note

    The collection is made up of two sections, correspondence and essays (both arranged alphabetically by author). The bulk of the collection is by George H. Dole, with almost half of his correspondence to his wife Clara Rowell Dole and several letters to his children. Thirty-one of the forty-five school essays were written by George H. Dole. Many of the items, both correspondence and essays, include the use of the Hawaiian language. George and Clara sign some of their letters with their Hawaiian names (George as Heoki and Clara as Kaalala).
    Correspondence: The 218 pieces of correspondence deal mainly with family events and daily activities, including churchgoing and visits with friends. The Hawaiian correspondence gives physical descriptions of Hawaii, commentaries on the Hawaiian government and details regarding the workings of sugar plantations. Some of the letters of George, Daniel and Charlotte describe their trips to America, giving an interesting look at travel in the 1870s. Daniel and Charlotte, while in America, visited Utah and met with Brigham Young. Two letters record their conversation with Young, in which they discussed polygamy and other church beliefs; the letters also give a description of the Tabernacle in Salt Lake City. Thirty-nine of the 102 pieces of George's correspondence are typewritten letters from Riverside, California. The California correspondence deals with the Doles' visits to northern California and the birth of one of their grandchildren. The letters also give some descriptions of Riverside in the1890s. The letter from George H. Dole to William E. Rowell is an invitation to invest money in the Minnehaha Oil Company in Bakersfield, California (enclosed with the letter is a summary sheet for the proposed oil company).
    Essays: The essays were written by several of the children who attended Daniel Dole's schools in Punahou and Koloa. The essays are about various subjects, a few regarding Hawaii's government and history. The essay entitled "The Last War of Kauai" discusses the events following the death of King Kamehameha II. The essay entitled "Dear Sir" is an explanation of Hawaii's government, and the unknown author gives some opinions regarding politicians of the time. The four newsletters were also written by students. Sanford B. (Sanford Ballard) Dole was the editor, and probably author, of The Koloa Evening Transcript.