The collection is made up of two sections, correspondence and essays (both arranged
alphabetically by author). The bulk of the collection is by George H. Dole, with almost
half of his correspondence to his wife Clara Rowell Dole and several letters to his
children. Thirty-one of the forty-five school essays were written by George H. Dole. Many
of the items, both correspondence and essays, include the use of the Hawaiian language.
George and Clara sign some of their letters with their Hawaiian names (George as Heoki
and Clara as Kaalala).
George H. Dole was born in 1842 in Punahou, Hawaii; his brother, Sanford B. (Sanford
Ballard) Dole, 1844-1926, also born in Hawaii, became President of the Provisional
Government of Hawaii in 1893, President of the Hawaiian Republic in 1894, and in 1900 was
appointed the first Governor of the Territory of Hawaii. George and Sanford's parents,
Daniel and Emily Dole, came to Hawaii from Maine as missionaries in 1841. The Doles first
lived in Punahou, where they opened a school for children. Emily Dole died shortly after
Sanford's birth and two years later, in 1846, Daniel married Charlotte Close Knapp, a
fellow missionary in Hawaii. In 1855 the Dole family moved to the island of Kauai and
opened a school in Koloa. George and Sanford attended the Koloa School and in 1864, at
the age of 22, George left to travel in America. In 1867, after returning to Hawaii,
George married Clara Rowell and began employment on several sugar plantations, including
the Koloa, Kealia and the Kapaa plantations. In 1889, George, his wife, and their twelve
children (a thirteenth child was born in 1890) moved to Riverside, California. George
worked for the Riverside Naval Orange Company and various insurance agencies. In 1900
George invested money in the Minnehaha Oil Company located in Bakersfield, California.
George H. Dole died in California in 1912.
In order to quote from, publish, or reproduce any of the manuscripts or visual materials,
researchers must obtain formal permission from the office of the Library Director. In
most instances, permission is given by the Huntington as owner of the physical property
rights only, and researchers must also obtain permission from the holder of the literary
rights In some instances, the Huntington owns the literary rights, as well as the
physical property rights. Researchers may contact the appropriate curator for further