Inventory of the Japanese American Relocation photograph collection, 1930-1958 (bulk 1941-1946)

Processed by The Regional History Collection staff.
Regional History Collection, Special Collections
Information Services Division, University of Southern California
East Library 378
Los Angeles, California, 90089-0182
Phone: (213) 743-2117
Fax: (213) 743-2768
© 2001
University of Southern California. All rights reserved.

Inventory of the Japanese American Relocation photograph collection, 1930-1958 (bulk 1941-1946)

Regional History Collection, Special Collections

Information Services Division

University of Southern California

Los Angeles, California

Contact Information:

  • Regional History Collection, Special Collections
  • Information Services Division, University of Southern California
  • East Library 378
  • Los Angeles, California, 90089-0182
  • Phone: (213) 743-2117
  • Fax: (213) 743-2768
  • Email:
  • URL:
Processed by:
The Regional History Collection staff
© 2001 University of Southern California. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: Japanese American Relocation photograph collection,
Date (inclusive): 1930-1958 (bulk 1941-1946)
Creator: Los Angeles Examiner newspaper
Extent: 222 photographs
Repository: University of Southern California. Library. Dept. of Special Collections. Regional History Collection.
Los Angeles, California 90089-0182
Language: English.

Administrative Information


Collection is open for research. Advance notice required for access.

Publication Rights

All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts or photographs must be submitted in writing to the Regional History Curator. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Center as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

Preferred Citation

Japanese American Relocation Photographs, Hearst Collection, Regional History Center, Specialized Libraries and Archival Collections, University of Southern California.


This collection of 222 photographs documents the relocation of Japanese Americans in Southern California during World War II and immediately thereafter, as captured by Los Angeles Examiner and wire service photographers. Much of the coverage documents scenes of:
  • The relocation process
  • Life in camps at Manzanar, Santa Anita, Tanforan, and Tule Lake
  • Post-war repatriation to Japan
The original captions from the photographs, many of which were published in the Los Angeles Examiner, have been included to enhance subject-specific retrieval; the cultural references reflect the 1940's terminology.

List of Photographs


Japanese in the U.S. -- In California -- Pre-WW II and During WW II JARDA-1

California -- Pre-WW II and During WW II


Photos 1-10


"The San Lorenzo Nursery Company building in Los Angeles. The company is Japanese-owned."--caption on photograph 1941-11-23 JARDA-1-01

Creator/Collector: Wide World Photos, Los Angeles Bureau

"Fish Harbor in Terminal Island, operating base for the Japanese fishing fleet. In the background are some of the canneries."--caption on photograph 1941-11-22 JARDA-1-02

Creator/Collector: Wide World Photos, Los Angeles Bureau

"Scene on Tuna Street, principal Japanese business artery on Terminal Island. Fishing is the big industry and all the Japanese on the island are in some way connected with it."--caption on photograph 1941-11-22 JARDA-1-03

Creator/Collector: Wide World Photos, Los Angeles Bureau

"Typical Japanese residences on Terminal Island. Note that there are aerials on each house."--caption on photograph 1941-11-22 JARDA-1-04

Creator/Collector: Wide World Photos, Los Angeles Bureau

"The building housing the Japanese Society and Japanese South Coast Herald, pro-American-Japanese language newspaper, located on Tuna Street on Terminal Island."--caption on photograph 1941-11-22 JARDA-1-05


"Gathered at the annual meeting of the Japanese Association. American business men were guests at the meeting held to improve relations between the Japanese and the white people. Left to right: K. Hashimoto, president of the Japanese Association; Commander K.D. Ringle, U.S. Navy; unknown; Morgan Adams, Los Angeles Harbor Commissioner; Mewoko "Yoshizumi (talking), a Nisei, acting as Toastmaster; and Judge Irving Taplin of San Pedro."--caption on photograph 1941-11-22 JARDA-1-06


"Many Japanese-Americans are engaged in agriculture on the West Coast. Here are I. Akuchi and Itoyo Minami, both Issei, working in a cauliflower field in Gardena."--caption on photograph 1941-11-23 JARDA-1-07


"Masato Yada (Nisei) wrapping flowers for delivery to wholesalers. Many Japanese-Americans are found in the flower trade in Los Angeles. They grow their own flowers and sell them on the market."--caption on photograph 1941-11-23 JARDA-1-08


"T. Sumi (Issei) cultivating a truck garden in Gardena. He uses a horse."--caption on photograph 1941-11-23 JARDA-1-09


"G. Nagano (Nisei) cultivating truck garden with tractor at Gardena. The most modern equipment is used on this farm."--caption on photograph 1941-11-23 JARDA-1-10


Photos 11-20


"Japanese picking chrysanthemums on the farm owned by Genichi Hirata in Montebello."--caption on photograph 1941-11-23 JARDA-1-11


"Florists purchasing flowers in the Japanese wholesale flower market in Los Angeles. The cultivation and sale of flowers attracts a good many West Coast Japanese."--caption on photograph 1941-11-23 JARDA-1-12


"George Inagaki (Nisei), Executive-Secretary of the South District Council of the Japanese-American Citizens' League, is manager of the Kitagawa Nursery. He is shown selling gardenias at the Los Angeles wholesale flower market."--caption on photograph 1941-11-23 JARDA-1-13


"Mrs. F. Kitagawa (Nisei), teacher of a Japanese kindergarten, and her class of three-year-old pupils (Sensei). The class is drinking its morning tomato juice."--caption on photograph 1941-11-24 JARDA-1-14


"A scene in one of the classrooms of the Daini Gakuen School here, where students learn to read and write the Japanese language and are taught Japanese customs. The students pictured are Nisei. In the background is Y. Yoshizumi, principal of the school, an Issei."--caption on photograph 1941-11-24 JARDA-1-15


"The Japanese Christian Church of Los Angeles, where Japanese kindergarten classes are held."--caption on photograph 1941-11-24 JARDA-1-16


"Tetsuya Tanabe (left) and his brother, Roy Tanabe, both Sensei, singing in a Japanese kindergarten as their teacher, Mrs. F. Kitagawa (Nisei), plays the piano."--caption on photograph 1941-11-24 JARDA-1-17


"Mrs. F.A. Vickland, an American, conducting a class of five-year-olds in the Japanese kindergarten school operated by the Japanese Christian Church of Los Angeles."--caption on photograph 1941-11-24 JARDA-1-18


"Afternoon tea at the home of the Dote family in Los Angeles. Left to right: Nasaichi Dote (Issei), father; Tosh Dote (Nisei), son, and Sada Dote (Issei), mother."--caption on photograph 1941-11-25 JARDA-1-19


"Japanese ladies under driers at the Ginza Beauty Salon in Los Angeles. Yoshi Muraoka, the operator, is a Nisei."--caption on photograph 1941-11-25 JARDA-1-20


Photos 21-30


"A scene in the Ginza Beauty Salon in Japan Town, Los Angeles. Meiko Fujihiro (Nisei) is getting a hairdo from Jane Kaku (Nisei), manager of the beauty parlor."--caption on photograph 1941-11-25 JARDA-1-21


"Charles Kleupfer, Commander of the San Francisco County Council of the American Legion, and Kay Tsukomoto, Commander of the Townsend Harris Post (Japanese) of the American Legion, welcome Japanese draftees at a banquet sending them off to the Army."--caption on photograph 1941-11-24 JARDA-1-22


"George Haramoto (Nisei), teller at the branch of the California Bank in Los Angeles, located in the Japanese quarter of the city, shown taking care of a customer."--caption on photograph 1941-11-26 JARDA-1-23


"E.R. Lindberg, seated, is manager of the branch of the California Bank in Los Angeles. He is one of the three white Americans employed at the bank; all the others are Japanese-Americans. Standing is Paul Bannai (Nisei), teller."--caption on photograph 1941-11-26 JARDA-1-24


"Mary Kunugi (Nisei), left, and Haruko Fujii (Nisei), bookkeepers at the branch of the California Bank in Los Angeles, located in the Japanese quarter of the city."--caption on photograph 1941-11-26 JARDA-1-25


"John Toshiguki, proprietor (foreground), and Fred Koyama, pharmacist, both Nisei, shown in the prescription department of the drug store (Los Angeles)"--caption on photograph 1941-11-26 JARDA-1-26


"Cooks at the Cherry Blossom Café in Los Angeles. Left to right: Fred Arzaga, Filipino; Fred Takeda, Nisei, and Bob Jung, Chinese. And they get along, too."--caption on photograph 1941-11-27 JARDA-1-27


"Interior view of the Asia Company Department Store in the Japanese quarter of Los Angeles."--caption on photograph 1941-11-27 JARDA-1-28


"Japanese swimmers. Left to right: Sue Noma, Maye Noma, Shigeko Oi and Lily Takeda. All are Nisei."--caption on photograph 1941-11-28 JARDA-1-29


"Daini Gakuen is a Japanese language school operated by the Los Angeles Nippon Institute. Students are shown arriving to attend classes which are held after the close of American schools. While good Americans, the students retain a knowledge of Japanese."--caption on photograph 1941-11-28 JARDA-1-30


Photos 31-40


"A group of Japanese girls "limber up" at gymnasium in the Japanese quarter of Los Angeles. Left to right: Sue Noma, Maye Noma, Lily Takeda, Shigeko Oi, and Meri Taniguchi. All are Nisei."--caption on photograph 1941-11-28 JARDA-1-31


"Loyal Americans All. These Japanese-American girls, born and reared in this country, are doing what they can for this country's victory. They've formed a volunteer San Francisco Red Cross unit, to which fifteen other Japanese-American girls belong. They are Nisei, or, second generation Japanese. Left to right: Frances Miwa, Alice Murai and Mrs. Roy Ishikawa."--caption on photograph 1941-12-21 JARDA-1-32


"Japanese-Americans sew for Red Cross. Demonstrating their loyalty to this country, members of the Japanese-Alameda Citizens League of Alameda are working around the clock to produce garments for distribution to war victims through the Red Cross. Here Mrs. Saku Mitani, 80, operates a sewing machine while Toshiko Kado, left, and Tazuko Wakabayashi, right look on. More than 100 women members of the League have worked 2000 hours in making garments since the Pacific War began."--caption on photograph 1942-01-20 JARDA-1-33


"They're Japanese -- but loyal Americans. Some of the nation's most loyal citizens are those of Japanese, German and Italian descent, most of them natives of this country but many immigrants who have transferred their allegiance to their adopted land. These are the people for whom Attorney General Francis Biddle has asked consideration. Typical of the loyal American-born Japanese is the Tsukamoto family of San Francisco, pictured here. Head of the family is World War I veteran Kaytaro Tsukamoto, owner of a laundry and at present commander of the San Francisco Japanese American Legion Post. Their typically American household includes an 11-year-old son, Wilmer, who attends public school and Mrs. Tsukamoto's sister, Miss Sachi Yasukochi, a 1939 honor graduate of the University of California. Tsukamoto's brother, Joseph, is pastor of the Protestant Episcopal Christ Church in the city's Japanese district. In this picture, which might be duplicated in any American home, the Tsukamotos gather around the piano to hear Miss Yasukochi play. Left to right are: Mrs. Joseph Tsukamoto and her husband, Mrs. Kaytaro Tsukamoto, her son Wilmer, and Kaytar Tsukamoto who is holding his three-year-old niece, Paula."--caption on photograph 1942-02-20 JARDA-1-34


"They're Japanese -- but loyal Americans. In 1917, Kaytaro Tsukamoto served with the United States Army. Now a San Francisco businessman, he is commander of the Japanese American Legion Post. Here he shows his 11-year-old son Wilmer pictures of himself when he was an American doughboy of '17. Tsukamoto was born in this country."--caption on photograph 1942-02-20 JARDA-1-35


"They're Japanese -- but loyal Americans. Here is another typically American scene in the home of a loyal Japanese-American family. While Mr. And Mrs. Kaytaro Tsukamoto, right, look on, their son, Wilmer, gets some assistance with his school homework form Miss Sachi Yasukochi, his aunt."--caption on photograph 1942-02-20 JARDA-1-36


"They're Japanese -- but loyal Americans. The Tsukamotos bow their heads as the Rev. Joseph K. Tsukamoto, left, pastor of the Protestant Episcopal Christ Church, says grace and prays for the safety of America."--caption on photograph 1942-02-20 JARDA-1-37


"West Coast aliens guive up cameras. On order of the United States Department of Justice, alien Japanese, Germans and italians swarmed San Francisco police headquarters to surrender shortwave radios and all cameras."--caption on photograph 1941-12-29 JARDA-1-38


"Alien Japanese Taken into Custody -- Among a group of alien Japanese taken into custody by Federal agents at Vallejo, Feb. 5 were Isekichi Matesuyama, 55, (left) and Michiko Ebiso, 49, (center), both laundry workers, shown being booked at the police station by Inspector Ralph Jensen. The pair are being held for immigration authorities."--caption on photograph 1942-02-05 JARDA-1-39


"Japanese Freighter's Crew -- Part of the crew of the Japanese freighter "Rhine Maru" which ran on the reefs about 110 miles from San Francisco March 28 in a fog. Members of the crew were taken aboard the coastwise steamer "Humboldt"."--caption on photograph 1930-03-29 JARDA-1-40


Photos 41-48


"Pack Shinto Temple Property for Moving -- Fumiko Miyoshi, 18-year-old daughter of the priest of a Japanese Shinto temple in a Southern California defense area from which all Japanese are being evicted, was helped February 19 by Jimmy Okumura as she started packing some of the temple property in preparation for moving. She is wrapping a koto, Japanese harp."--caption on photograph 1942-02-19 JARDA-1-41


"Japanese roundup -- Many Japanese taken into custody in F.B.I. and police roundup. Photo shows Jitsuzo Ishidu (left) taken in custody, F.B.I. Agent in center, Police Inspector Leo Bunner and Officer Ray Peyre at right."--caption on photograph 1942-02-21 JARDA-1-42


"Japanese-Americans Help Bomber Fund -- Among the first groups to contribute to the hearst Newspaper's "Buy a Bomber" patriotic campaign was this sextette of young Japanese-Americans. Presenting their contribution to the San Francisco Examiner are, left to right, in front Henry Tani, Agnes Inouye, Yo Kiwata, and Mike Masaoka. Behind them are Yasup Abiko and Min Endo."--caption on photograph 1942-01-07 JARDA-1-43


"Aliens Surrender Radios -- In compliance with U.S. order, three San Francisco Japanese are shown surrendering at Nothern Police Station a short wave receiver owned by a friend, H. Tominago, now in Montana internment camp. Left to right Police Sergeant J. J. Johnston, M. Tamaru, Iwro Hashiguchi, and S. Tamuru. All enemy aliens radios and cameras must be surrendered by today."--caption on photograph 1941-12-29 JARDA-1-44


"Buddhist Ceremonies at Exposition -- Photo shows Japanese children dressed in colorful robes and garb of the Orient as they paraded in Buddhist ceremonies at Treasure Island yesterday. Hundreds took part in the age-old traditional fete."--caption on photograph 1939-04-03 JARDA-1-45


"Japanese Temple Ceremonies --. Japanese Shinto temple ceremonies, at San Jose, lure devout Buddhists from miles around. More than 2000 attended the rites, which ended with the traditional "Odori" dance by Japanese maidens, two hundred Japanese children, picturesque garbed in the costumes of their ancestral land paraded in the two-day Buddhist celebration."--caption on photograph 1935-10-22 JARDA-1-46


"Japanese Buddhist temple, Fresno"--caption on photograph 1921-03-26 JARDA-1-47


"Japanese-American Homecoming -- Only the Japanese-American with a job and a place to live, or an approved plan for the future will be aided by the War Resettlement Administration in returning to the Coast. Only about 150 of these Japanese Americans whose loyalty has been cleared have come back so far. Popular sentiment is not specifically known yet, but many sections seem glad to have their former Japanese-American friends and neighbors return to the fold. Picture is Mrs. Sumiye Sugimoto, 26, at her home in Redwood City preparing some rice. Mrs. Sugimoto was one of the first to come home. Her husband and brother are in the U.S. Army."--caption on photograph 1945-01-19 JARDA-1-48


Japanese in the U.S. -- In California -- WWII and Later JARDA-2

California -- WWII and Later


Photos 1-10


"Deputy Sheriff Rod Campbell of Sacramento inspects a razor sharp sword among several seized from Japanese there. Before him are Jap army uniforms, two aerial bomb casings, a wrestlying banner and other articles taken by the FBI."--caption on photograph 1942-02-17 JARDA-2-01


"Uncle Sam is taking no chances upon leaving open possible meeting places for alien, or even Americanized Japs as a menace to national defense. Hotels, cafes aand other public spots are sealed under Treasury orders. Here are Sam Ureta, left, and Alex Nicon reading the edict on doors of the New Palace Hotel, where many a subversive plot could be hatched."--caption on photograph 1942-03-06 JARDA-2-02


"Japanese Seized in Roundup -- Japanese aliens taken into custody by FBI agents in a surprise raid in the Santa Maria - Guadalupe area February 18 are unloaded from an Army truck at the courthouse at Santa Barbara, California, where they were brought for examination. More than 200 were taken in the roundup, and a score of Army trucks were used to transport the prisoners."--caption on photograph 1942-02-19 JARDA-2-03


"Happy, for the most part, were Japs who formed vanguard of evacuees. Here are some of the 500 on train."--caption on photograph 1942-03-22 JARDA-2-04


"Dramatic Meeting -- As the returned Japs chatted gayly at Union Station, a group of Marines (who had seen action tin the Pacific theater) filed past. Above photo was taken as veterans of the Second Marine Divison left their trains at the station. Notice Marine in center who turns to stare at the Nips."--caption on photograph 1941-08-01 JARDA-2-05


"San Francisco Japanese Face Crisis -- The younger generation of Japanese, most of them American born, face the state of war between America and Japan with apparent heavy thoughts. This group, including several army selectees, were photographed as they gathered about a newspaperman's auto in the Japanese quarter of San Francisco."--caption on photograph 1941-12-07 JARDA-2-06


"In Los Angeles' "Little Tokyo," news of Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor left shocked silence yesterday. There was no demonstration, little comment. Pictured here are two youths selling the Examiner and the local Japanese paper. Approximately 20,000 Japanese live in city, mostly Nisei, or second generation, born in America."--caption on photograph 1941-12-07 JARDA-2-07


"Family Arrives -- Grinning happily after they arrived at Union Station yesterday are (left to right) George Shimaru, his wife (behind daughter, Jean), Miss C. Higashuya, her mother, Mrs. Tsata, and Y. Yumagi. K They were among 94 Japanese-Americans who detrained here."--caption on photograph 1945-08-01 JARDA-2-08


"Evacuees Homeward Bound -- The aged, the sick and the women with nursing babies among 427 persons of Japanese origin returning in a special train from the Rohwer, Ark., relocation center to California ride in this tourist Pullman. The young and healthy rode in gas-lighted coaches."--caption on photograph 1945-07-28 JARDA-2-09


"Dramatic Meeting -- As 36 more Japanese returned to the Southland yesterday, they passed many service men on their way to battle zones. Here a sailor stares at a young evacuee."--caption on photograph 1945-08-11 JARDA-2-10


Photos 11-20


"Japanese-American Homecoming -- Under the Army's recent order permitting the return of those Japanese-Americans whose loyalty has been cleared, will be many happy people glad to return to their homes and aid the war effort for America. Only about 150 have come back so far, and, according to Dillon S. Meyer, War Resettlement Administration director, three-fourths of these have come to California. Popular sentiment has not been too hard on these people, but it is expected that the real attitude will be discovered in the Spring when planting time comes round again. There are many farmers among the 110,000 Japanese and Japanese-Americans who were transferred to relocation centers as a defense measure in 1942. Among the first evacuees to leave the Utah Relocation Center are (upper photo) Mrs. Sumiye Sugimoto, 26, second from right, and her sister, Keiko Adachi, 22, right, leaving for their home in Redwood, California, bid goodby to Mrs. Marianne Arnimoto and her children, who, too, plan to return soon to California. The lower photo shows Mrs. Sugimoto and her sister hurrying up the walk of their Redwood City home which they left May 9, 1942."--caption on photograph 1945-01-19 JARDA-2-11


"On Their Way Out! -- Above photo show group of Japanese rounded up by FBI agents at Santa Barbara and dejectedly sitting with their baggage, awaiting removal for hearings in Los Angeles."--caption on photograph 1942-02-18 JARDA-2-12


"Japanese in Little Tokyo are shown watching bulletins as the war started. Here is a bulletin posted on a wall of one of the buildings. Many were shocked, angered by the Japanese government action."--caption on photograph 1941-12-07 JARDA-2-13


"These Japanese were held at the Firestone Sheriff's substation during the blackout. They are, left to right, Sukechi Yokoyama, Tokushici Okuda, Ryosuke Yamado, Setsuji Fugimoto and Seiichi Ishii. All were freed."--caption on photograph 1942-02-26 JARDA-2-14


"Tei Tsuji, American-born daughter of a Japanese national, here is pictured placing her mother's suitcase in the family car, for her mother must move from their farm in Downey."--caption on photograph 1942-01-31 JARDA-2-15


"Federal Bureau of Investigation agents and Treasury Department representatives acted quickly in Los Angeles' Little Tokyo. Several Japanese-owned stores were closed pending an investigation of their resources and management. This stationery store was sealed temporarily and the sign (closeup at right) was pasted on its doors."--caption on photograph 1941-12-09 JARDA-2-16


"No more sights before long like these of Japanese harvesting sugar beets in Santa Maria's beautiful valley."--caption on photograph 1942-04-11 JARDA-2-17


"Empty today is the Koyasan Beikoku Betsuin Buddhist Temple, hidden in an alley off First street. Its altar, shipped from Japan, is work thousands of dollars."--caption on photograph 1942-04-13 JARDA-2-18


"To keep funds from being "frozen" several months ago, some Japanese citizems opended bank accounts in names of children born in U.S. At a Terminal Island bank yesterday, Akiranaka Kata, 6, withdraws $300 by signing check during a mild run on the bank."--caption on photograph 1941-12-09 JARDA-2-19


"Arrested in danger zone, three Japanese are pictured being booked at central jail. On the right is Kiyushi Nakano, with Uyemura Katsuji in center. Their actions will be investigated by police and FBI agents."--caption on photograph 1941-12-09 JARDA-2-20


Photos 21-30


"Little Setsuka Foruta got a little tired during judging of 125 third generation Japanese tots yesterday. She wrinkled up her eyes, put hands to her mouth and sobbed."--caption on photograph 1941-08-28 JARDA-2-21


"Japanese orphans, good Americans, were not forgotten by Santa. At a Fraternal Order of Eagles (Hollywood) party, Joe Mari and Sumi Kukasowa met St. Nick."--caption on photograph 1941-12-23 JARDA-2-22


"View of Hollenbeck Police Station as Axis nationals, mostly Japanese, lined up yesterday to turn in cameras and radios under U.S. orders. A total of 2500 was reported given up in the Los Angeles area. All are marked to be returned after the war."--caption on photograph 1941-12-30 JARDA-2-23


"Two Japanese nationals, Shinicki Hamamato and Sachio Kitani turn in their cameras to Deputy Sheriff A. F. Brehm. Seated at right is a civilian defense worker, Mrs. W. G. Neilsen."--caption on photograph 1941-12-30 JARDA-2-24


"George Hickey, Japanese alien who operates vegetable stand in prohibited area opposite Vultee plane factory, shown with his Nisei wife, Mrs. May Hickey, who will take over business when he leaves."--caption on photograph 1942-01-31 JARDA-2-25


"Japanese in Little Tokyo are shown watching bulletins as the war started. Here is a bulletin posted on a wall of one of the buildings. "Our people are stunned by this," said Carl Ikamure (the man nearest the bulletin). "We can't believe the Japanese government would order such a bombing at this time." Similar statements were made by others in the crowd. Selling of liquor in district was banned."--caption on photograph 1941-12-08 JARDA-2-26


"Japanese housewife bunching vegetables for the final time in a field of the Lower Santa Maria Valley."--caption on photograph 1942-04-11 JARDA-2-27


"Little Tokyo -- American Knitting Mill store, 244 East 1st Street. Elizabeth Gatliff and Jennie Martinez of 112 North Glass Street look on sadly in window."--caption on photograph 1942-03-04 JARDA-2-28


"Kyro Kamo, Haruye Tegachi, K. Mukaeda, president of the Japanese Chamber of Commerce of Los Angeles and chairman of the Japanese U.S.O. division; Vernice Eddington, Salvation Army lassie who received the check for U.S.O., and Fusako Tsuji. The Japanese girls are members of the Japanese division in the U.S.O. appeal."--caption on photograph 1941-08-27 JARDA-2-29


"Help Here -- some of the flock of young people who regularly gather at her Long Beach home-recreational center practice golf swings behind Mrs. Sue Joe. She plays with David Ater and her Rand, 3, Lisa, 1."--caption on photograph 1958-06-02 JARDA-2-30


Photos 31-32


"Wee Ones Perform -- Part of the hundreds of Japanese-American youngsters who did native dances in the street during the parade through Little Tokyo here last night are shown. The parade concluded the 10th annual Nisei Week Festival."--caption on photograph 1950-08-29 JARDA-2-31


"The breath-taking beauty of the lotus blossoms which are in full bloom on the north end of Echo Park Lake, had delighted hundreds of thousands of Angelenos and visitors. The delicate coloring of the flowers had defied the efforts of dozens of artists who have tried to reproduce it on canvas and thousands of photographers who have tried to catch its elusive loveliness on color slides. Miyako Kurata, 7, 124 South Lafayette Place, like most of the visitors to the spot where 100 plants rise four to five-inch stems above the waters of the lake and shoot out huge elephant-like leaves three-inches across, is content to admire the beautiful blossoms which will be in full bloom for the next 10 days to two weeks."--caption on photograph 1957-08-04 JARDA-2-32


Japanese in the U.S. -- Relocation -- California JARDA-3

Relocation -- California


Photos 1-10


"Standing in the almost deserted "Little Tokyo" Mrs. Jack Iwata surveys a typical sign for sale of an unneeded incendiary bomb spray gun in the rush to close out stock before evacuation."--caption on photograph 1942-04-11 JARDA-3-01


"Here is a view of some of the Japanese taken into custody by FBI officers when a ferry from Terminal Island docked at San Pedro. They were herded into a wire enclosure for questioning and were guarded by soldiers from Fort McArthur. Not one of the guards at left. Terminal Island, with a Japanese colony of 6000, has become huge concentration camp with aliens refused right to leave confines and citizens ordered to stay home."--caption on photograph 1941-12-07 JARDA-3-02


""Troublemakers" at the Santa Anita reception center, these Japanese yesterday were arraigned on charges of conspiring to violate wartime orders. In front, left to right, are Masaru Kuwada, Ernest Kinzo Wakayama and Deputy U. S. Marshal George Rossini, pictured on their way back to their cells."--caption on photograph 1942-06-26 JARDA-3-03


"Jap aliens getting traveling permits -- aliens at U.S. Attorneys office"--caption on photograph 1942-03-28 JARDA-3-04


"In preparation for their removal to reception centers and employment projects in the interior. Japanese aliens and Japanese-American citizens are pictured registering at downtown office."--caption on photograph 1942-03-21 JARDA-3-05


"Waving farewell as the train leaves are, left to right, Misao Natsumeda, her sister, Takeko Natsumeda, Mary Miyao, and Yori Sugimoto."--caption on photograph 1942-08-30 JARDA-3-06


"Alien Japanese Taken Into Custody -- Among a group of alien Japanese taken into custody by Federal agents in Vallejo yesterday were Isekichi Matesuyama, 55, (left), and Michiko Ebisu, 49, (center), both laundry workers, shown being booked at the police station by Inspector Ralph Hensen. The pair are being held for immigration authorities."--caption on photograph 1942-02-18 JARDA-3-07


"Japanese Roundup -- Many Japanese taken into custody in F.B.I. and police roundup -- Photo shows an official of the San Francisco Japanese Association, Shojiro Hori, is shown being led to car by Officer Bert Nelson."--caption on photograph 1942-04-04 JARDA-3-08


"Japs Register -- In preparation for the mass exodus of Japanese from San Francisco, responsible members of all Japanese families and all individuals living alone within certain specified districts of the city were ordered to report to a "processing station" in order to register. Photo shows some of the foreigners as they gave attendants necessary information . Next Tuesday, all of the some 1000 Japs within the area will be sent by train to the Owens Valley Reception Center at Manzanar."--caption on photograph 1942-04-18 JARDA-3-09


"No tearful farewells marked the exodus yesterday. Smiling at prospect of new, exciting life, Japs waved good-by to a Los Angeles they won't see for duration."--caption on photograph 1942-04-02 JARDA-3-10


Photos 11-20


"Families and friends of the Japs who departed by train line the platform to bid them good-by for the duration of the war. There were 500 men in this contingent."--caption on photograph 1942-03-24 JARDA-3-11


"Terminal Island Aliens Rounded Up -- Male Japanese aliens, numbering some 400, residing on Terminal Island, vital naval and shipbuilding center in Los Angeles Harbor, were taken into custody early on the morning of February 2 in a surprise round-up by 180 federal, city and county officers. A group of Japanese is being loaded into an automobile after being roused from their homes."--caption on photograph 1942-02-02 JARDA-3-12


"Rush Jap Aliens Away From Vital Area -- Police and G-men raided the Jap colony on Terminal Island Naval base and are expected to remove more than 500 Japanese aliens. Police and G-men are shown as they removed an unidentified Jap from his home on the island."--caption on photograph 1942-03-25 JARDA-3-13


"Japanese in camps"--caption on photograph 1942-04-11 JARDA-3-14


"This contingent of Santa Barbara County Japanese, who were rounded up in alien enemy raids under direction of FBI, shown leaving county jail yesterday en route to Midwest internment camps."--caption on photograph 1942-02-18 JARDA-3-15


"Y. Yats, Japanese boy helps his neighbor, Mrs. T. Oki at 109 Cannery St., Terminal Island load her belongings aboard truck."--caption on photograph 1942-02-15 JARDA-3-16


"Waiting to board a pullman are, left to right, Mrs. Ichiyo Nishikawa and Mamoru Nishikawa; Mrs. K. Kotabe and Takashi Kotabe; Mrs. Miyo Doiwchi and Laurel Doiwchi; Mrs. Maye Kawahara and Shirley Anne Kawahara, and Mrs. Lily Kiyasu and Peter Kiyasu. Oldsters, mothers and babies ride in pullmans."--caption on photograph 1942-08-30 JARDA-3-17


"Japanese in L.A."--caption on photograph 1942-02-05 JARDA-3-18


"Two Japs being taken into custody at San Pedro under orders of the FBI. Left to right are shown Tokuju Yasaki, Deputy Sheriff A. M. Barr and Sadahei Hirose."--caption on photograph 1942-02-08 JARDA-3-19


"Alarm spread yesterday when officers examining evacuees' baggage discovered knives wrapped in belongings of Kisuki Okasaki, one of first two arrivals. His companion in taxicab was a janitor. "I'm a butcher by trade," Okasaki told officers, "so I brought my tools." He's shown with inspectors."--caption on photograph 1942-04-04 JARDA-3-20


Photos 21-26


"Arrested yesterday during the sweeping Southland raids, these three smiling Japanese are shown in custody. They are, left to right, Frisco Tokichi Hasegawa, retired dry goods man; Mrs. Iku Onodesa and Tadasu Iida, teachers."--caption on photograph 1942-03-14 JARDA-3-21


"Japanese Nationals Give Up Radioes, Cameras -- San Francisco -- Complying with a Department of Justice order that all cameras and radios capable of receiving short wave broadcasts be turned over to police, Genkura Nishioka, left, and Frank Ijichi, right, appeared at a police station with their movie camera and radio-recorder, respectively. Police Lieut. Dan Collins issued a receipt for the articles. German and Italian nationals also were ordered to turn in their cameras and radioes."--caption on photograph 1942-12-15 JARDA-3-22


"Returning to the baggage checking station, the evacuees are segregated in seats numbered to correspond with the numbers of the cars on the train. Here they are shown waiting for calls to their trains. In the evacuation, efforts are made by officials in charge to keep family groups and friends together."--caption on photograph 1942-08-30 JARDA-3-23


"Old Santa Fe Railroad station hundreds of Japanese yesterday boarded a 13-coach train bound for Inyo, where they will transfer to trucks. Their ultimate destination is Manzanar, in the Owens River Valley, where they'll put finishing touches on evacuees' camp which will house thousands of Japs."--caption on photograph 1942-03-22 JARDA-3-24


"Although lunches were provided for Japs who left by train, friends and relatives passed a great deal of food-stuffs through windows. Here go two bottles of soda pop."--caption on photograph 1942-03-24 JARDA-3-25


"All enemy aliens living in the above indicated evacuation area, an area thick with defense plants, must move by Feb. 24, the United States ordered yesterday. Five miles wide, the zone extends 10 miles inland to Wetern Ave."--caption on photograph 1942-01-30 JARDA-3-26


Japanese in the U.S. -- Relocation -- California -- Manzanar JARDA-4

Relocation -- California -- Manzanar


Photos 1-10


"Jap Evacuation -- Two-year-old Keith Miyamoto seems undismayed as he happily waves to photographer while surrounded by piles of luggage prior to boarding a bus which transported him and some 700 other Japanese from vital defense areas of San Francisco to the Owens Valley Reception Center at Manzanar today. Leaving both by bus and by train, the aliens were for the most part cleared from the waterfront areas of this coastal city."--caption on photograph 1942-04-06 JARDA-4-01

Creator/Collector: International News Photos

"Snowy Sierra Tower Over Evacuation Center -- The snow-capped peaks of the Sierra Nevada towered in the western background over Manzanar in the Owens Valley where workmen rushed preparations March 19 to receive the first of 10,000 evacuated Japanese from Southern California cities to be housed in a huge reception center. Carpenters here put together frames for barracks in the first of 25 city blocks to be erected."--caption on photograph 1942-03-19 JARDA-4-02


"On Way -- Here the Japs headed for the Nevada line and complete freedon, the crowded WRA station wagon passing through a military police sentry line. The trip to Reno is made three times weekly."--caption on photograph 1943-11-18 JARDA-4-03


"View of quarters at Manzanar, a War Relocation Authority center where evacuees of Japanese ancestry will spend the duration. Mount Whitney, highest peak in the United States, in the background."--caption on photograph 1942-06-18 JARDA-4-04


"Manzanar Showplace -- George S. Takemura (left), landscape gardner from West Los Angeles, now occupies the showplace of Manzanar, a war relocation authority center for Japanese. He has built a wishing well and other rustic articles for his quarters."--caption on photograph 1942-06-17 JARDA-4-05


"Barracks To House Evacuated Japanese -- The first of 350 such barracks to house 10,000 Japanese evacuated from Southern California cities took shape March 19 as carpenters worked in 10-hour shifts to build a huge reception center at Manzanar in the Owens Valley east of the rugged Sierra Nevada. Within a few days the first Japanese were to come. The big community is being prepard under the direction of Lt. Gen. John L. Dewitt of the Western Defense Command."--caption on photograph 1942-03-19 JARDA-4-06


"Construction Pushed On Japanese Community -- Carpenters rushed work March 19 on the first of 25 blocks of barracks at Manzanar, in California's alien and American-born Japanese to be evacuated from Southern California cities beginning March 23. Each block will have 14 barracks, recreation hall, mess hall, laundry and other service units. In addition, a 150--bed hospital will be erected for the model community, which will house 10,000 Japanese eventually. Manzanar is a tract of 6,020 acres commandeered by Lt. Gen. John L. Deweitt of the Western Defense Command."--caption on photograph 1942-03-19 JARDA-4-07


"George S. Takemura, landscape artist from West Los Angeles, builds a rustic wishing well at Manzanar, a War Relocation Authority center where evacuees of Japanese ancestry will spend the duration."--caption on photograph 1942-06-18 JARDA-4-08


"Freed -- Japanese who have been released from the Manzanar Relocation Center bid good-by to their friends there and are about to enter a station wagon that will take them to Reno, Nev., from where, unwatched, they will go east."--caption on photograph 1943-11-18 JARDA-4-09


"Japs Relocate In Scenic Spot -- Evacuated from their homes in vital defense areas alien and American Japanese have been relocated and are living in homes like these. Mt. Whitney, highest United States peak, rising the background, gives a touch of Mt. Fujiyama-dominated Japanese postcards to the pretty scene."--caption on photograph 1942-07-16 JARDA-4-10


Photos 11-20


"Japanese Girls Make Selves At Home -- These Japanese girls, left to right, Shizuko Yarmada, Lillian Ito and Mary Wada, lost no time making themselves comfortable in their new quarters after their arrival Mar. 23, 1942, at the alien reception center at Manzanar, California, with other emigres."--caption on photograph 1942-03-24 JARDA-4-11


"Japanese Evacuee Colony -- Under a blazing sun that gilded the snowy slopes of Mount Whitney, America's first wartime evacuee colony for alien and Nisei Japanese was opened at Manzanar, a few miles south of Independence in the Owens Valley. Here three Japanese girls view their new homes for the first time."--caption on photograph 1942-03-22 JARDA-4-12


"Yet to be covered, rafters are the only roof over the heads of these Jap cooks who are pictured preparing meals for some of the first arrivals at the Manzanar camp."--caption on photograph 1942-03-24 JARDA-4-13


"Want A Job -- And Freedom -- Two young evacuees at Manzanar Relocation Center are pictured here studying "Help Wanted" bulletins at the camp's relocation office. WRA officials urge Japs to reconsider former refusal to signify loyalty to U.S. and come east to vital arms producing areas."--caption on photograph 1943-11-16 JARDA-4-14


"Oko Murata, left, and Esther Naito, former office workers, evacuees now living at the Manzanar relocation center, proudly smile at the personal library they have established in their camp dormitory quarters."--caption on photograph 1942-06-18 JARDA-4-15


"Laying Water Line For Japanese Boom Town -- A trench digger churned its way across the floor of Owens Valley March 19 to speed laying of a water supply line for the boom town for evacuated Japanese being erected at Manzanar under the direction of Lt. Gen. John L. Dewitt of the Wetern Defense Command. Though the big community for some 10,000 Japanese from Southern California cities is located near an aqueduct supplying Los Angeles, water for the reception center will be piped from a stream in the Sierra Nevada, which rise snow-capped in the background."--caption on photograph 1942-03-19 JARDA-4-16


"Jap Evacuation -- Owens Valley -- Manzanar"--caption on photograph 1942-04-07 JARDA-4-17


"How life goes between work hours, for Japanese evacuees now living at the Manzanar relocation center is revealed above. Photo shows Chikeyo Nakashima, a high school girl, playing table tennis in recreation hall while other Nipponese young folks watch the game closely."--caption on photograph 1942-06-18 JARDA-4-18


"George S. Takemura, landscape artist from West Los Angeles, builds a rustic wishing well at Manzanar, a War Relocation Authority center where evacuees of Japanese ancestry will spend the duration."--caption on photograph 1943-02-18 JARDA-4-19


"Japanese At Home In Evacuation City -- Shizuko Yamada does her washing at the reception center where alien and American-born Japanese are being evacuated for the duration. The "city" is equipped with a recreation hall, hospital, laundry and other facilities."--caption on photograph 1942-03-27 JARDA-4-20


Photos 21-30


"Through window at left, these Jap girls at Manzanar may see the snowy grandeur of the mountains. Japaanese decorating ingenuity will have walls covered soon."--caption on photograph 1942-03-24 JARDA-4-21


"Young And Old On The Woodpile -- Gathering firewood for their homes in the war relocation authority center here, young and old Japanese evacuees join in the work. All evacuees work for small wages in addition to sustenance, education and other essential needs provisions."--caption on photograph 1942-07-16 JARDA-4-22


"Lunchtime For Japanese Convoy -- Enroute to their new homes in a reception center at Manzanar, California, Japanese traveling in an auto convoy paused in the Mojave desert for a box lunch provided by soldiers who accompanied them. The Japanese were evacuated from homes in the Los Angeles area."--caption on photograph 1942-03-24 JARDA-4-23


"Evacuee Jap Girls Keep Ball Team -- All members of the Chick-a-dee Japanese girls' soft ball team were evacuated to this war relocation authority center from Los Angeles, so they kept their outfit intact and are still swinging at wild ones like this."--caption on photograph 1942-07-16 JARDA-4-24


""Batter Up" At Jap-American Relocation Center -- Softball, that truly American sport, furnishes recreation for Japanese-Americans at the war relocation authority center at Manzanar, California. Maye Noma, behind the plate, and Tomi Nagao, at Bat, are pictured during a practice game between members of the Chic-a-dee softball team. The entire team was transplanted intact from Los Angeles."--caption on photograph 1942-07-17 JARDA-4-25


"How life goes between work hours for Japanese evacuates now living at the Manzanar relocation center is shown above. Maye Noma crouches behind the plate as Tomi Nagao goes to bat in a practice game between members of a Los Angeles softball team which came intact to camp."--caption on photograph 1942-06-18 JARDA-4-26


"Maye Noma behind the plate and Tomi Nagao at bat in a practice game between members of the Chick-a-dee soft ball team, which was kept intact when the players were evacuated from Los Angeles to here, a War Relocation Authority center for evacuees of Japanese ancestry."--caption on photograph 1942-06-18 JARDA-4-27


"Japanese Girls' Baseball Team Still Plays -- Members of the Chicka-Dee soft ball team from Los Angeles, chooses sides for a practice game at Manzanar, War relocation authority center, where, since evacuation, the girls have kept their team intact. These girls will be at Manzanar for the duration of the war. The squad leaders, with hands on bat, are: Ritsuko Masuda (left) and Marion Fujii."--caption on photograph 1942-06-17 JARDA-4-28


"In unpainted cabin whose wall supports remain to be covered, these Jap girls arrange one of the narrow cots."--caption on photograph 1942-03-24 JARDA-4-29


"Philosophic acceptance of Uncle Sam's edict, that they be evacuated from coastal areas is manifested by this trio of Japanese on the specially chartered bus, one of a fleet which took off for the Owens Valley concentration camp yesterday. Left to right: Richard Nishimura, Lillian Ito, and Miyo Kikuchi"--caption on photograph 1942-03-22 JARDA-4-30


Photos 31-40


"Part of the 2000 Japanese who registered yesterday for the trip to Manzanar colony are shown above in offices of the Wartime Civilian Control Administration on Spring street. They will be moved under orders of the Army as voluntary evacuation now it out."--caption on photograph 1942-03-31 JARDA-4-31


"Japanese Leave Clearance Application -- Here is a portion of the application for leave clearance which 1,000 Manzanar Japs --- Many of whom twice before have refused to signify allegiance to the United States -- Use to gain their freedom. This form is used by male American citizens over military age and females of all ages."--caption on photograph 1943-11-16 JARDA-4-32


"Personal possessions of Jap evacuee are piled high on roadster, one of 300 cars in Manzanar caravan. Army jeeps, each bearing two soldiers, were escorts."--caption on photograph 1942-03-24 JARDA-4-33


"Pack -- Baggage of Japanese who have just signed out of Manzanar is secured to a WRA station wagon before leaving for Reno. Hundreds have been released, Japanese who in the last few months have refused to signify loyalty to the United States."--caption on photograph 1943-11-18 JARDA-4-34


"Japanese At Home In Evacuation City -- A 150-bed hospital has been provided by the U.S. Government for Japanese evacuated from Pacific Coast cities and communities. Here, Nurse Fumiko Gohata holds the arm of patient Frank Saito whicle Dr. James Goto stands by."--caption on photograph 1942-12-03 JARDA-4-35


"This facsmile from a pamphlet distributed by the War Relocation Authority to the Japs-citizens and aliens, many who twice have refused to signify loyalty, urging the Japs to gain the freedom and settle in eastern industry areas where jobs in aircraft explosives and other munitions plants await them."--caption on photograph 1943-11-18 JARDA-4-36


"Using straw, these Japs build mattresses for their use at the camp in the Owens River Valley."--caption on photograph 1942-03-25 JARDA-4-37


"Evacuated Japs Dine As Family Unit -- Japanese family life is preserved even at mealtime in the large mess halls of this government relocation project as old and young gather round the table together. Evacuees are largely on their own, growing food and working insofar as possible at their usual jobs."--caption on photograph 1942-07-16 JARDA-4-38


"Dancing is among the most popular diversions for the younger Japanese evacuees sent to Manzanar relocation center, as evidenced by this glimpse of several couples in a dancing class which is conducted in a girls' recreation hall."--caption on photograph 1942-06-18 JARDA-4-39


"Jap evacuation Manzanar"--caption on photograph 1942-04-07 JARDA-4-40


Photos 41-42


"Japanese Arrive at Reception Center -- Ordered from their homes in Los Angeles by the Army as a security measure, these Japanese, some citizens and others aliens, await assignment to community homes which they will occupy in the alien reception center at Manzanar, California. They arrived Mar. 23, 1942, to help prepare the camp for other thousands till to come."--caption on photograph 1942-03-24 JARDA-4-41


"By train and by auto caravan, 1000 men of Japanese birth or Japanese ancestry left Los Angeles yesterday for evacuation camp at Manzanar in the Owens River Valley. A stern-faced soldier acts as traffic director. Smiling Japs wave farewell to L.A."--caption on photograph 1942-03-22 JARDA-4-42


Japanese in the U.S. -- Relocation -- California -- Santa Anita JARDA-5

Relocation -- California -- Santa Anita


Photos 1-10


"Main complaint of the Japanese men is that they have nothing to do. Alternative is to watch someone else work. Curious groups gather wherever the white construction workers erect new buildings like this recreation hall. No Japanese labor is used here. Other Japanese men, inherently agile, stand in line to use the ping-pong table."--caption on photograph 1942-04-07 JARDA-5-01


"Shade of irony touches this scene, for the young Japanese in the center are playing Chinese checkers. The mother passes her time with a newspaper, sits nearby to hush any childish arguments which may arise."--caption on photograph 1942-04-07 JARDA-5-02

Creator/Collector: International News Photos

"Two youngsters at the Japanese Assembly Center enjoy America's typical dessert -- ice cream."--caption on photograph 1943-01-14 JARDA-5-03


"Happy couple, Toya and Pete Matayoshi, "Just Married" are shown cutting the wedding cake at Santa Anita Assembly Center."--caption on photograph 1943-01-14 JARDA-5-04

Creator/Collector: International News Photos

"Ironing -- From the washing room the Japanese women proceed to the ironing room which is right next to the washing room at Santa Anita Assembly Center."--caption on photograph 1943-01-14 JARDA-5-05

Creator/Collector: International News Photos

"A Japanese doctor examines the throat of a patient at Santa Anita's hospital."--caption on photograph 1943-01-14 JARDA-5-06


"The barbers in Santa Anita Assembly center set up in the street. Here is one Japanese barber hard at work."--caption on photograph 1943-01-14 JARDA-5-07


"Marching to School -- Japanese schoolgirls march along to school at Santa Anita Assembly Center."--caption on photograph 1943-01-14 JARDA-5-08


"Mail Dispatchers -- Mail clerks segregate the mail in the Santa Anita Assembly Center Postoffice for the postman."--caption on photograph 1943-01-14 JARDA-5-09


"Daily the Baby Clinic at Santa Anita Assembly center is crowded like this."--caption on photograph 1943-01-14 JARDA-5-10


Photos 11-21


"Awariting the School Opening -- Japanese school children wait for school to open. It's held in grandstand at Santa Anita Assembly Center."--caption on photograph 1943-01-14 JARDA-5-11


"Little Boy, Big Appetite -- When Suichi Sumida, two-year-old Japanese youngster, left his home in the Los Angeles harbor area and was taken to the Japanese assembly center at the Santa Anita race track with other evacuees, he brought his appetite along, and a good one it was. He bought his appetite along, and a good one it was. He was served this dinner in a mess hall fornerly used by grooms."--caption on photograph 1942-04-03 JARDA-5-12

Creator/Collector: Associated Press Photo

"General view of Japanese internment camp at Santa Anita Race Track. With removal of the Nipponese the Army will utilize the camp, thus preventing hoped for renewal of racing."--caption on photograph 1942-09-01 JARDA-5-13


"Good Food and plenty of it is served to the Japanese evacuees at the Santa Anita reception center. Mrs. C. Hora leaves her rice portion to attend to the wants of hungry Shinayo, her 6 1/2 months old son. Later they will be taken farther inland."--caption on photograph 1942-04-07 JARDA-5-14


"Facilities are staffed by Japanese, under white supervisors. New arrivals at the Santa Anita barracks are shown at their noonday neal. It included creamed tuna (growing scarce), beet and onion salad, mashed potatoes, steamed carrots, bread and butter, apple pie and tea. Huge mess hall has been built at the depot."--caption on photograph 1942-04-04 JARDA-5-15


"With Sober-faced attentiveness these Japanese girls watch one of the many games of marbles which occupy scores of young evacuees living at the Santa Anita reception depot. Many of these youngsters are Sansei (third generation) Japanese, grandchildren of Japanese immigrants. The games they choose to play are American."--caption on photograph 1942-04-07 JARDA-5-16


"Santa Anita"--caption on photograph JARDA-5-17


"Santa Anita"--caption on photograph JARDA-5-18


"Part of a 10-day evacuation program, Japanese at the Santa Anita assembly center are shown in the process of departing. At dawn, evacuees crowd gate to check baggage, all labeled for shipment on the train with them."--caption on photograph 1942-08-30 JARDA-5-19


"Seabiscuit's Statue Interests Japanese -- Y. Akasaki and his family inspect the statue of Seabiscuit after they arrived at the Santa Anita race track, recently converted into an assembly center for evacuated Japanese, April 3, 1942. They were among the first contingent of evacuees to be quartered at the big racing plant."--caption on photograph 1942-04-03 JARDA-5-20


"For some it is a vacation, filled with recreational pursuits and splashed with gay exchanges of visits to neighboring barracks; to others it is an idle period, spent in stolid comtemplation of the future. This is Japanita, the Japanese reception center created at the famous $25,00,000 racing plant known as Santa Anita."--caption on photograph 1942-04-07 JARDA-5-21


Japanese in the U.S. -- Relocation -- California -- Tule Lake JARDA-6

Relocation -- California -- Tule Lake


Photos 1-10


"Tells of Jap Demonstration -- Dr. John Thomas Mason of Cookeville, Tenn., points to a rough diagram of the Tule Lake (California) Japanese relocation camp as he tells a House subcommittee here today that the demonstration at the camp might have been averted if the Army had been called in earlier."--caption on photograph 1943-11-29 JARDA-6-01


"Army Takes Over Segregation Center -- The Army has taken over control of the Tule Lake segregation center for disloyal Japanese after a civilian security guard was beaten. This is a general view of the camp which is near the Calif-Ore border, 40 miles southeast of Klamath Falls, Ore."--caption on photograph 1943-11-05 JARDA-6-02


"These elderly Japanese are cutting seed potatoes to be planted by the younger residents of the Tule Lake, California, relocation center. Some 835 acres are being planted with vegetables at the center. Refusal of Japs to harvest root crops started the trouble last Monday, their stand being that since they consider themselves prisoners of war they do not have to work."--caption on photograph 1943-05-21 JARDA-6-03


"Tule Lake -- This is a section of the Tule Lake Relocation center which the Army yesterday took over and began construction of a high, barbed-wire fence to keep in check the thousands of Japanese held there. In the foreground are chicken houses and pig pens and in the background is some of the reclaimed farm acreage."--caption on photograph back 1942-11-05 JARDA-6-04


"Older Japanese men are shown busy weeding the onions in the large truck farm maintained at the center"--caption on photograph 1943-05-24 JARDA-6-05


"The Onions Must Be Weeded -- "Stoop" labor weeds a field of onions at the Tule Lake, California, Japanese relocation center. This is the type of farm work many of the older workers performed prior to becoming residents at the project."--caption on photograph 1943-05-21 JARDA-6-06


"General View of Relocation Center -- This is a general view of the Tule Lake, California, Japanese relocation center located near the California-Oregon border and 40 miles southeast of Klamath Falls, Ore. The land is an old lake bottom developed by the U.S. reclamation service. About 7,000 acres are now being used by the War Relocation Administration. Shown above is the housing area. Administration buildings and quarters for the appointed staff are at right center. All Japanese are housed and fed in the area to the rear of the central fire break (light strip through center of picture)."--caption on photograph 1943-05-21 JARDA-6-07


"Shown is the State Senate Committee as investigation of conditions at the Tule Lake Japanese internment center began -- seated at table left to right..Jesse Dorsey of Bakersfield..H.W. Slater of Santa Rosa..Hugh Donnelly of Turlock..Irwin T. Quinn of Eureka..Claire Engle of red Bluff..Witness at extreme left is Charles K. Wiese, property control, Tule Lake"--caption on photograph 1943-11-09 JARDA-6-08


"Shown is the Senate Committee as investigations get underway at the Tule Lake Japanese camp -- seated at table left to right..Jesse Dorsey of Bakersfield..H.W. Slater of Santa Rosa..Hugh Donnelly of Turlock..Irwin T. Quinn of Eureka..Claire Engle of red Bluff..Witness at extreme left is Charles K. Wiese, property control, Tule Lake"--caption on photograph 1943-11-08 JARDA-6-09


"Potato Planting Time at Relocation Center -- Using light tractors Japanese residents of the relocation center at Tule Lake, California, begin planting potatoes in several hundred acres of fertile soil reclaimed old Tule Lake. The residents are planting 835 acres in vegetables."--caption on photograph 1943-05-21 JARDA-6-10


Photos 11-16


"Stork Visits Relocation Center -- The stork has paid frequent visits to the Tule Lake, California, Japanese relocation center since it was opened a year ago. Here are four new arrivals held by nurses (L-R) Mary Nitta, Loomis, California; Ruby Fujioki, Seattle, Wash.; Masako Nakadoi, Loomis, California, Katsumi Ogawa, Loomis, California"--caption on photograph 1943-05-21 JARDA-6-11


"General view of the center and barracks area looking approximately south east from a sentry tower."--caption on photograph 1943-05-25 JARDA-6-12


"Army Takes Over -- Circle locates Tule Lake, California, where the Army was reported today to have taken over the segregation center for disloyal Japanese after a civilian security guard was beaten in an uprising."--caption on photograph 1943-11-05 JARDA-6-13


"Hair cuts are only $.20 each at this, one of several such beauty salons within the center. Photo shows a small section of one of the large, modern, well-equipped salons."--caption on photograph 1943-05-25 JARDA-6-14


"Japanese Tots Sing English Songs -- A kindergarten tots under supervision of Aiko Sumoge, assistant teacher, sing an English folk song in class at the Tule Lake, California., Japanese relocation center."--caption on photograph 1943-05-21 JARDA-6-15


"Young Japanese Hold Dance -- Mess hall movies, little theatre activities and jitter-bugging to evacuee bands are popular forms of entertainment at the Tule Lake, California, Japanese relocation center. Here a block dance is in progress. Note the "zoot suit" pants."--caption on photograph 1943-05-21 JARDA-6-16


Japanese in the U.S. -- Relocation -- California -- Tanforan Racetrack JARDA-7

Creator/Collector: Associated Press Photo International News Photos

Relocation -- California -- Tanforan Racetrack


"Railbirds, But No Ponies to Watch -- Among the first Japanese to be moved into the newly built assembly center at Tanforan racetrack, near San Francisco, on April 28 were these, who lined up at the rail -- where once the railbirds watched the ponies run -- and smiled. The group was among the 3,112 Japanese to be removed from restricted areas in the San Francisco Bay area."--caption on photograph 1942-04-28 JARDA-7-01


"A far cry from Tanforan as Bay Area horse racing fans knew it in pre-war times is this scene at the peninsula track today as vanguard of SF Japs, including children arrived there."--caption on photograph 1942-05-09 JARDA-7-02


"First of San Francisco's Japanese to reach Tanforan was Mrs. Ichiro Iizuika -- Here she is shown with husband unpacking in their quarters."--caption on photograph 1942-05-09 JARDA-7-03


"Glimpsed during medical examination at Tanforan is Tosihihisa Nakahiro, young Jap evacuee from SF, getting once over from Dr. W. J. Brown."--caption on photograph 1942-05-09 JARDA-7-04


"A number of SF Japs crowd Bush St. sidewalk in preparation for their transfer to evacuation center for them at Tanforan -- Soldier escorts shown forground."--caption on photograph 1942-05-09 JARDA-7-05


"Jap Reception Center Nears Completion -- Looking from the grandstand of Tanforan racetrack near San Francisco can be seen some of the 170 barracks being built to house Japanese who will be brought to the track being converted into a reception center for Jap aliens being moved from restricted areas."--caption on photograph 1942-04-21 JARDA-7-06


"Crowding around special bus on Bush St. are some of the first local Japs being evacuated from the city to new assembly center at Tanforan Race Track. Soldiers in group acted as excorts"--caption on photograph 1942-05-09 JARDA-7-07


Japanese in the U.S. -- Repatriation post WWII JARDA-8

Repatriation post WWII


Photos 1-10


"Reluctant -- Abo Sadako carries baby, 10 months old, on back as she prepares to leave for Japan. She didn't want to leave."--caption on photograph 1946-02-22 JARDA-8-01


"Jap Repatriates on Way to Reception Center -- Following their arrival at Uraga, Japan, on Christmans Day, Japanese men, women and children repatriated from the United States are herded onto a truck for the three-mile trip to a reception center. More than 2,000 persons debarked at the port from the liner Matsonia."--caption on photograph 1946-01-05 JARDA-8-02


"Sick Repatriate Reaches Japan -- A sickly Japanese woman repatriated from the United States rieses on her elbows on her stretcher after being carried from the liner Matsonia at Uraga, Japan, Christmas Day. Two hundred eighty-five families returned to Japan on the vessel. For their first meal in Japan, a Christmas dinner, the repatriates were given rice, boiled celery and a slice of apricot."--caption on photograph 1946-01-05 JARDA-8-03


"Japs Who Pine for the U.S.A. -- These Japanese men, women and children are shown lining up for a meal at Camp Kamoi, Uraga, shortly after their arrival from the United States on the S.S. Matsonia. They were repatriated either because of disloyalty to the U.S. or at their own request. The great majority regret the move. They are loud in their complaints about life in japan. Quarters are poor, food is poor, and the future doesn't look bright. All were accustomed to a high standard of living in the U.S."--caption on photograph 1946-01-05 JARDA-8-04


"Repatriated Japs Revert to Type -- Part of the reconversion that is going on in beaten Japan is that of Japanese who were repatriated from America, either at their own request or for disloyalty to the United States. At Camp Kamoi, repatriation center, the majority of these Japanese throw off the Western customs and revert to the ways of their ancestors. They did for the recent visit of Emperor Hirohito, anyway, kimono wearing repatriates are kneeling and bowing to the Emperor as he enters their quarters."--caption on photograph 1946-03-05 JARDA-8-05


"A Man in Four Million -- This pouting little man is one of more than four million Japanese repatriates who have been transported to the Japanese homeland from Far Eastern ports and Pacific Islands in a gigantic passenger-carrying operation by the U.S. Navy. A million more such passengers will be repatriated before the end of the year, when the program will be completed. The Navy used Liberty Ships, former naval vessels of Japan and U.S. Navy amphibious craft in carrying out the big job. All costs of the repatriation operation are borne by the Japanese government."--caption on photograph 1946-08-24 JARDA-8-06


"Barracks for Repatriates -- Wash hangs on a line between unheated wooden barracks, home for Japanese repatriates from the United States until they find a new home or relatives in Japan. More than 2,000 Japanese men, women and children were brought from the United States to Japan on Christmas Day aboard the former luxury liner Matsonia."--caption on photograph 1946-01-05 JARDA-8-07


"Rice, Celery for Repatriates -- Repatriates from the United States who elected to return to Japan and become citizens, eat rice and boiled celery, Dec. 18, at the Uraga, Japan, camp for repatriates."--caption on photograph 1945-08-18 JARDA-8-08


"First Aid for Enoshima Maru Survivors -- First aid is given survivors of the Jap repatriation ship, Enoshima Maru, on the dock at Shanghai, Jan. 23, after the Amercian naval freighter Brevard, which saved all but 20 of the 4,300 passengers docked. Enoshima Maru struck a mine 60 miles off mouth of Yangtze River."--caption on photograph 1946-01-23 JARDA-8-09


"Survivors of Enoshima Maru Come Ashore -- Survivors of the Japanese repatriation ship, Enoshima Maru, which struck a mine and sank 60 miles off mouth of Yangtze River January 23rd, come ashore from the American naval freighter Brevard, which rescued all but 20 of the 4,300 passengers."--caption on photograph 1946-01-23 JARDA-8-10


Photos 11-


"Jap Civilians Leave Shanghai in Crowded Ship -- Jap repatriates, who had led a life of comparative ease in China during the war, find themselves a bit crowded together in the holds of the S.S. Meiyu Maru, which is carrying them back to Nippon."--caption on photograph 1945-12-14 JARDA-8-11


"Japanese Board Repatriation Transport -- Sober faced Japanese, many of them children born in U.S., file aboard transport in Portland, Oregon to return them to Japan."--caption on photograph 1945-12-26 JARDA-8-12


"Japanese Line-Up for Trip to Japan -- Yong mothers, their youngest slung on their back, wait patiently to board transport on which they will be returned to Japan."--caption on photograph 1945-12-27 JARDA-8-13


"MP Helps Jap Child -- Pvt. Charles Robinson of Houston, Texas, carried sick Jap child when Japanese diplomats and their families from Europe boarded Army transport gen. G.M. Randall in Seattle today to return to Japan."--caption on photograph 1945-11-23 JARDA-8-14


"Jap Repatriates -- This is the Hiyarama family and friends, on of the groups of Japanese repatriates who boarded the liner Matsonia in Seattle for removal to Japan. Most came from Texas internment camp."--caption on photograph 1945-12-08 JARDA-8-15


"Japs Sprayed with DDT -- Japanese repatriates are sprayed with a liberal amount of DDT by specially picked Jap soldiers on a dock in a Korean port as they are de-loused before boarding a ship returning them to Japan. Many had been in Korea as much as 40 years, amassed wealth and raised families."--caption on photograph 1945-12-11 JARDA-8-16


"Japs Go Home with Heavy Burdens -- A Japanese child laden with bundles and carrying her tiny brother on her back trods across a pier in Fusan, Korean port, with other burdened Japanese being repatriated to their homeland."--caption on photograph 1945-12-11 JARDA-8-17


"Teen-agers dance on deck of Kean Maru which brought exiles from China, while older people peer ahead for first sight of land they longed for during Red opressions."--caption on photograph 1953-04-26 JARDA-8-18


"Going Home -- Wearing beard, S. Yamashita lines up with other repatriates on deck. He is 69 and said "I go home to die.""--caption on photograph 1946-04-22 JARDA-8-19


"Turning His Back -- At San Pedro yesterday, Harada Teruyoshi (carrying suitcase) was one of 676 Japanese who turned their backs on the United States and boarded the transport General Ernst to sail for Japan. Many left voluntarily."--caption on photograph 1946-02-22 JARDA-8-20


Photos 21-30


"Stretcher Case -- Saido Matsuma, one of 676 Japanese leaving U. S. for Japan, is carried aboard ship by other Japanese repatriates. There are 16 other stretcher cases."--caption on photograph 1946-02-22 JARDA-8-21


"Plenty of Hats -- S. Ichinose, one of 676 Japanese who have elected to quit United States for repatriation to Japan, wears four hats at once. He didn't want to leave anything behind, carrying all his possessions aboard ship."--caption on photograph 1946-02-22 JARDA-8-22


"American-Born Japs See Nippon -- These Japanese children, born in the United States, are shown as they arrived at Camp Kamoi, Uraga, Japan, with their parents who were repatriated, either at their own request or because of disloyalty to the United States. Since arrival here most of the Japs have bitterly regretted their return to Nippon. Food is scarce and poor, living standards are nothing like what they were accustomed to in the U.S., and the future is far from bright."--caption on photograph 1946-01-15 JARDA-8-23


"The End of homecoming day finds arrivals from Communist China tucked in bed at reception center. Leftists, planted among repatriates, demanded that they be allowed to leave at their will."--caption on photograph 1953-04-26 JARDA-8-24


"Jap Repatriates Rescued After Transport sinks -- More than 4,000 Jap repatriates jammed aboard the Enoshima Maru, which recently struck a mine and sank in the Yangtze Estuary, were saved by the heroic action and bravery of crew members of the USS Brevard, a Navy cargo ship. The Brevard felt the concussion of the explosion when the Jap ship exploded the magnetic mine. Lt. John E. Elliott, USN, Captain of the Brevard, had his ship alongside the maru in a matter of minutes. Pictured about are part of the rescued Jap passengers leaving the ship at Shanghai."--caption on photograph 1946-01-30 JARDA-8-25


"American-Born Japs See Nippon -- These Japanese children, born in the United States, are shown as they arrived at Camp Kamoi, Uraga, Japan, with their parents who were repatriated, either at their own request or because of disloyalty to the United States. Since arrival here most of the Japs have bitterly regretted their return to Nippon. Food is scarce and poor, living standards are nothing like what they were accustomed to in the U.S., and the future is far from bright"--caption on photograph 1946-01-15 JARDA-8-26


"These Japs Live Thanks to the Yanks -- These Japanese children and their parents are shown aboard the U.S.S. Brevard which snatched them from the sea after the ship on which they were being repatriated to Japan struck a mine. A baby was born to one of the rescued Japs aboard the American vessel. It was delivered by a U.S. Navy doctor and promptly named "Brevard.""--caption on photograph 1946-02-01 JARDA-8-27


"Repatriates Reach Japan -- Cast off by the tugboat which brought them near shore, two Japanese barges, carrying repatriates from the liner Matsonia, come into the dock at Uraga on Christmas Day. Two hundred and eighty-five Japanese families who had renounced their American citizenship were returned to Japan by the former luxury liner."--caption on photograph 1946-01-05 JARDA-8-28


"Carrying luggage and babies, long line of repatriates wends way over catwalk, last stage of trip from China where some have been in exile. Others had never seen homeland."--caption on photograph 1953-04-26 JARDA-8-29


"Japanese Board Repatriation Transport -- Sober face Japanese, many of them children born in U.S., file aboard transport to return them to Japan."--caption on photograph 1945-12-26 JARDA-8-12