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Register of the Hugh Gibson Papers, 1900-1957
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Collection Details
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  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Accruals
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Contents note
  • Existence and Location of Copies note
  • Separated Materials

  • Title: Hugh Gibson papers
    Date (inclusive): 1900-1957
    Collection Number: 56000
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
    Language of Material: English
    Physical Description: 131 manuscript boxes, 26 oversize boxes, 22 envelopes, 1 phonorecord, memorabilia (92.2 linear feet)
    Abstract: Diaries, writings, correspondence, reports, minutes of meetings, photographs, and printed matter, relating to American foreign relations, international disarmament, the League of Nations, and relief work in Europe during World Wars I and II. Diaries also available on microfilm. Food mission diaries of 1946 and 1947 also available at http://www.hoover.org/library-archives/collections/food-mission-diaries-hugh-gibson-1946-and-1947 .
    Creator: Gibson, Hugh, 1883-1954


    Collection is open for research.
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Hugh Gibson papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1956, with additional increments in 2013, 2014, and 2015.


    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Biographical Note

    1883 August 16 Born, Los Angeles, California

    Attended Los Angeles Military Academy

    Attended Pomona College
    1907 Graduated, Ecole Libre des Sciences Politiques, Paris
    1908 Took the Diplomatic Service Examination
    1908-1909 Secretary, American Legation, Tegucigalpa, Honduras
    1909-1910 Second Secretary, American Embassy, London
    1910 Private secretary to the Assistant Secretary of State, Washington
    1911 Clerk, Department of State, Washington
    1911-1913 Secretary, American Legation, Havana, Cuba
    1913 Observer, elections for Constituent Assembly of Santo Domingo
    1914-1916 Secretary, American Legation, Brussels

    Liaison between Herbert Hoover and the Belgian Government for the Commission for Relief in Belgium
    1916 First Secretary, American Embassy, London
    1917 Assigned to State Department - War Missions

    Author, A Journal from Our Legation in Belgium

    Aide to Lord Balfour, British Minister of Foreign Affairs, during visit to the U.S

    Attached to Belgian War Mission during visit to the U.S.
    1918 First Secretary, American Embassy, Paris

    Advisor to General Pershing
    1918-1919 Member, Interallied Mission to Countries of the Former Austro-Hungarian Empire
    1919-1924 Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Poland (Warsaw)
    1922 Married Ynes Reyntiens, Brussels
    1924 Attended Temporary Mixed Commission for the Reduction of Armaments, League of Nations, Geneva

    Maintained as Ambassador-at-Large, League of Nations
    1924-1927 Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Switzerland (Bern)
    1925 Vice-Chairman, American Delegation, Arms Traffic Conference, Geneva
    1926-1930 Chairman, American Delegation, Preparatory Commission for the Disarmament Conference, Geneva
    1927 Delegate, Conference on Private Manufacture of Arms, Geneva

    Chairman of American delegation and conference, Conference for the Further Limitation of Naval Armaments (also called Tripartite Naval Conference or the Three Power Conference), Geneva
    1927-1933 Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Belgium and Envoy Extraordinary Minister Plenipotentiary to Luxemburg (Brussels)
    1928 Doctorate of Diplomacy and Political Science, Universite catholique de Louvain
    1929 Birth of son Michael Francis, Brussels
    1930 Delegate, London Naval Conference

    Doctor of Law, Universite Libre de Bruxelles
    1931 Doctor of Law, Yale University

    Observer, Conference of Experts for a Moratorium on Intergovernmental Debts (also called the London Conference or the International Conference of Ministers), London
    1932-1933 Acting Chairman, American Delegation, General Disarmament Conference, Geneva
    1933-1937 Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Brazil (Rio de Janeiro)
    1935 American Representative, Mediatory Group to End the Chaco War between Bolivia and Paraguay Delegate, Chaco Peace Conference, Buenos Aires
    1937 Author, Rio
    1937-1938 Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Belgium and Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Luxemburg (Brussels)
    1938 Retired from foreign service
    1939 Author, Belgium: The Country and Its People

    Vice-President, Belgian American Educational Foundation

    Chairman, A.R.A. Association
    1940 Escaped from France during German occupation

    European representative for the National Committee on Food for Small Democracies
    1940-1941 Director General for Europe of the Commission for Polish Relief and the Commission for Relief in Belgium
    1942 Author, The Problems of Lasting Peace (with Herbert Hoover)
    1944 Author, The Road to Foreign Policy
    1945 Author, The Basis of Lasting Peace (with Herbert Hoover)
    1946-1947 Member, Herbert Hoover Food Mission (Herbert Hoover, Chairman)
    1947 Member, Investigatory Committee for post-war German economic policies
    1950 Death of Ynes R. Gibson
    1952 Director, Provisional Intergovernmental Commission on Movements of Migrants from Europe (ICEM)
    1954 December 12 Died in Geneva, Switzerland

    Scope and Contents note

    The Hugh Gibson papers consist of diaries, writings, correspondence, reports, minutes of meetings, photographs, and printed matter relating to American foreign relations, international disarmament, the League of Nations, and relief work in Europe during World Wars I and II. Gibson's diaries are also available on microfilm, and his food mission diaries of 1946 and 1947 also available at http://www.hoover.org/library-archives/collections/food-mission-diaries-hugh-gibson-1946-and-1947.
    The first increment was acquired in 2013 (boxes 153-155) and is comprised of personal family correspondence, and an address book. The bulk of the correspondence is letters sent to Ynes Gibson and maintains the creators original arrangement.
    The second increment was acquired in 2014 (boxes 156-157) and is comprised of correspondence, Ynes Gibson's diaries, photographs, and news clippings, and speeches regarding Gibson's death.

    Existence and Location of Copies note

    The diaries written as Gibson accompanied Herbert Hoover on his food mission around the world in 1946 and 1947 (diaries dated March 17 - June 19, 1946 and February 2-22, 1947) are digitized and available on the Hoover Institution Archives website at http://www.hoover.org/library-archives/collections/food-mission-diaries-hugh-gibson-1946-and-1947 .

    Separated Materials

    Some publications, newspapers, and pamphlets have been transferred to the Hoover Institution Library, see Appendix for list.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Hoover, Herbert, 1874-1964.
    League of Nations.
    Belgium--Foreign relations--United States.
    Brazil--Foreign relations--United States.
    Diplomats--United States.
    International relief.
    Poland--Foreign relations--United States.
    Switzerland--Foreign relations--United States.
    United States--Foreign relations--Belgium.
    United States--Foreign relations--Brazil.
    United States--Foreign relations--Poland.
    United States--Foreign relations--Switzerland.
    United States--Foreign relations.
    World War, 1914-1918--Civilian relief.
    World War, 1914-1918.
    World War, 1939-1945--Civilian relief.
    World War, 1939-1945.