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Guide to the Edward Lee Plumb Papers, 1856-1912
Special Collections M0149  
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Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Scope and Content
  • Biographical Note
  • PLUMB COLLECTION - PARTIAL INDEX

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Edward Lee Plumb Papers,
    Date (inclusive): 1856-1912
    Collection number: Special Collections M0149
    Creator: Plumb, Edward Lee, 1827-1912.
    Extent: 4 linear ft.
    Repository: Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives.
    Language: English.

    Administrative Information

    Access Restrictions

    None.

    Publication Rights

    Property rights reside with the repository. Literary rights reside with the creators of the documents or their heirs. To obtain permission to publish or reproduce, please contact the Public Services Librarian of the Dept. of Special Collections.

    Provenance

    Gift of Mrs. Ida Husted Harper, 1915, 1916.

    Preferred Citation:

    [Identification of item] Edward Lee Plumb Papers , M0149, Dept. of Special Collections, Stanford University Libraries, Stanford, Calif.

    Scope and Content

    The Plumb collection consists of correspondence, cables, notes, reports, articles, drafts, clippings, maps, and some printed material from 1856 - 1912. Most of it falls between 1865 and 1881 though there are several gaps of months: October - December 1870 and July 1877. There is no correspondence for 1858, 1859, 1860, 1882, 1884 - 1888, 1890 - 1895, 1900 and 1901.
    The papers are arranged chronologically showing the change and progression of Plumb's activities and interests. A partial index of correspondents and major subjects follows the list of contents. The most valuable and interesting subjects covered are: Mexican history from the French invasion to the beginning of Diaz's regime; United States diplomatic and commercial relations with Mexico, Cuba and Spain; history of the Cuban insurrection in the late 1860's to its culmination in the Spanish-American War; and American railroad and mining promotion in Mexico. It is rather strange that the preliminary steps for the construction of an International railroad are so well covered but there is almost no material on his eight year vice-presidency of the Mexican International Railroad.
    The correspondents include many national and international figures: Mexican presidents; Mexican and American cabinet members, legislators, military men, journalists, diplomats and businessmen; Spanish military officials in Cuba; and businessmen and diplomats of several other nations active in Cuba and Mexico. There is one letter signed by Benito Juarez; 12 by Blas Balcarcel, Mexican Minister of the Interior, plus some signed documents; and 13 by Mexican legislator, Estanislao Cañedo. There are 102 letters from Plumb's friend, George Earl Church, from 1867 - 1907. Church was promoting a railroad and steamship line on the Amazon River and raising money in England. There are letters also from William R. Day (14), Hamilton Fish (3), Richard C. McCormick (15), William H. Seward (7), Philip H. Sheridan (4), and William T. Sherman (2). Diplomat John Watson Foster is represented by 38 letters and Henry C. Hall by 40. There are 15 letters by William Hunter of the State Department and 23 by Sebastian Lerdo de Tejada, president of Mexico. Among the businessmen with whom Plumb corresponded James S. Mackie is represented by 15 letters and Henry G. Marquand by 22. There are 67 letters between 1862 and 1898 from Matias Romero, Mexican diplomat and Plumb's personal friend.

    Biographical Note

    Edward Lee Plumb
    1827, July 17 born in Gowanda, Erie Co., New York; son of Joseph and Caroline Robbins (Hale) Plumb; brother of Albert Hale Plumb, 1829 - 1907.
      received a business education and was apprenticed to a Hartford, Conn. mercantile house.
    1849 went to California for several years.
    1854 exploratory trip to Mexico, met Gen. Juan Alverez, obtained prospecting concession.
    1855 interested New York businessmen in founding Mexican Pacific Coal and Iron Mining and Land Co.
    1856 - 1857 surveying expedition across Central Mexico and returned to New York.
    1861 - 1865 Mexico City - translater and interpretor with American Legation, other positions in Mexico and Washington, D.C.
    1866 Secretary of Legation to Campbell Legation to Mexico.
    1867 - 1868 Charge d'Affaires at Mexico.
    1869, June - December Consul General at Havana, Cuba.
    1871 - 1881 railroad promotion in Mexico and U.S. for International and Great Northern Railroad.
    1881 sold rights in International concession.
    1881 - 1889 vice-president of Mexican International Railroad Co.
    1881, April 15 retired.
    1912, April 16 died.

    PLUMB COLLECTION - PARTIAL INDEX

    Note

    NOTE: The numbers indicate folders except where otherwise stated.
    Alaska boundary line, 9 (acquisition), 48, 55.
    Allen, George F. (pres., Mexican Pacific Coal, etc.), 1-3.
    Allen, Thomas (1813-1882), 29, 30, 32, 36.
    Altamirano, Ignacio Manuel (1834-1893), 20, 22, 62.
    Alvarez, Juan (1790?-1867), 2 (mentioned).
    Amazon River, 41-43.
    Arbitration Treaty - 1897, 50.
    Audenreid, Joseph Crain (d. 1880), 13, 15, 43.
    Babcock, Orville E., 11-13, 16.
    Badeau, Adam, 13, 17.
    Balcárcel, Blas, 12, 23, 25-28, 34, 35, 62.
    Ballon, George William, 44, 46.
    Baranda, José M., 21, 62.
    Baranda, P. de, 10, 11.
    Barnes, John Sanford (pres., International RR), 29.
    Barron, William or Guillermo (Barron, Forbes & Co.), 11, 64.
    Barron, Forbes & Co., 25, 57.
    Bates, Henry Walter, 42.
    Belize see British Honduras.
    Belknap, William Worth, 19.
    Benecke, Esteban, 11, 12.
    Berriozabal, Felipe B., 9.
    Biddle, Thomas, 17.
    Blake, William Phipps, 12, 31, 33, 34, 43-45.
    Bond, Frank S., 34, 39.
    Bond, William, 29, 32, 36.
    Brackenridge, George W., 42.
    Brazil, 41-43.
    Bristed, Charles Astor, 20.
    Bristed, Grace [S. or B.?], 17-19, 27.
    British Honduras, 9, 50, 51, 57.
    Brown, Charles Kearney, 13, 23.
    Brown, [L.?] A., 24, 26, 27, 45.
    Burnside, Ambrose Everett, 43.
    Caballero y Fernandez de Rodas, Antonio, 15, 16 (copy).
    Canada, 44.
    Cañedo, Estanislao, 11, 12, 20, 21, 24, 28, 30, 32, 37, 41.
    Castillo Velasco, José del, 19.
    Chew, R. S., 13-15, 18, 19.
    Chilton, R. S., 14, 16.
    Church, George Earl, 8, 10, 15, 19-21, 24, 26, 28-31, 33-36, 38, 40-46, 49-56.
    Church and state, 56.
    Clarke, Hyde, 26-28, 30, 31, 43.
    Coleman, William Tell, 15.
    Colombia, 56, 74.
    Commerce, 5, 18, 29, 39, 40, 42, 57.
    Comonfort, Ignacio, 1 (mentioned), 2 (transl. of ltr.).
    Corbiere, W. A., 6, 10.
    Cornwell, Timothy, 2, 4.
    Corwin, Thomas, 4.
    Courcillon, E. de, 6.
    Cowlitz Pass, Washington, 42.
    Crawley, George B., 10, 20, 22.
    Cross-Buchanan, William, 25, 34.
    Cuba, 13-21, 25, 27, 28, 33, 36, 41-43, 48-54, 57.
    Curran, Alexander L., 28.
    Curtin, Andrew Gregg, 16.
    Cushing, Caleb, 9, 10, 14, 15.
    Daly, Charles Patrick, 50, 52.
    Davidson, Nathaniel, 12, 19, 28.
    Davis, Charles W., 10, 12.
    Davis, John Chandler Bancroft, 10, 16 (copies), 19.
    Day, William Rufus, 51-54.
    Delano, Warren H., 33, 40.
    Dewey, George, 45.
    Diaz, Antonio C., 24, 25.
    Diaz, Porfirio (José de la Cruz), mentioned only, 4, 19, 20, 33, 38.
    Diaz, Ramon S., 10.
    Dillon, John Forrest, 45.
    Doubleday, Abner, 23.
    Downey, Edward, 8, 9.
    Dreyfus case, 52.
    Dunbar, Edward E., 8, 9, 13.
    Duncan, Alexander, 7.
    Dwight, Theodore F., 44.
    Enzenberg, Conde d', 21-24.
    Escobedo, Mariano, 23, 39, 40, 41.
    Evans, Walton W., 23-28.
    Fergusson, D., 19.
    Fesser, Francis, 12, 13.
    Fesser, José Antonio, 17.
    Fish, Hamilton, 15, 24, 32.
    Flagg, John H., 42-44.
    Forbin-Janson, _______, 14, 17.
    Forney, John W., 17.
    Forrest, George J., 30.
    Foster, John Watson, 25-35, 42-44, 55.
    Foster, William, 50.
    French invasion of Mexico, 4, 6-9.
    Gadsden, J. A., 12.
    Garay, Francisco de, 22, 26.
    Garrett, Thomas C., 1, 3.
    Gates, J. E., 42.
    Geiger, John L., 26-29, 31, 38.
    Gerolt, F. von, 9-13.
    Gibbs, C. C., 40, 41.
    Gobright, L. A., 24.
    Goodwin, John Noble, 19, 39, 42, 44.
    Gorsuch, Robert B. (railroad promoter), 9.
    Graham-Dunlop, A., 13, 14.
    Granados, M. G., 25.
    Grandison, Thomas, 22.
    Grant, J. A., 44 (copies).
    Grant, Ulysses Simpson, mentioned in - 5, 12, 16, 21, 22, 26, 35, 36, 44 (ltrs. to).
    Grow, Galusha Aaron, 26, 53.
    Guatamala, 9.
    Gutiérrez, Luis, 12, 22.
    Guzman, Ramon G., 11, 12, 21, 23-25.
    Hall, Henry C., 14, 16-25, 28, 29, 33, 34, 36, 38-43, 45.
    Hall, Robert L., 33.
    Hanson, William R., 3.
    Harris, Ira, 10.
    Havana, Cuba, 13-16, 66.
    Hayes, R. S., 31, 33-35, 38, 42, 44.
    Hayes, Rutherford Birchard, mentioned in - 38.
    Herrereo de Tejada, Feliciano, 19.
    Hill, John, 24, 28.
    Hoadley, David, 11, 13, 23.
    Hoff, Henry K., 14, 15, 19.
    Hogan, George W., 10.
    Hoxie, H. M., 27, 34.
    Hubbard, Gardiner Greene, 50.
    Hunter, William, 9, 15, 19-23, 25, 33, 37.
    Huntington, Collis Potter, 47.
    Hurlbert, William Henry, 19-21, 26, 30-32, 38.
    Hurlbut, George C., 51-53.
    Iglesial, Ramon, 12.
    Iglesias, José María, 22-25, 27 (ptd.), 36 (mentioned), 38 (mentioned).
    International Railroad Co. of Texas see International and Great Northern Railroad Co.
    International and Great Northern Railroad Co., 19-37, 44, 57, 62, 64, 86.
    Isthmian canal, 45, 48, 52, 56, 57, 58, 62, 74.
    Johnsen, Henry, 44.
    Johnson, Andrew - Impeachment, 10-12.
    Johnson, Lorenzo M., 51, 54.
    Jones, J. O., 56.
    Jones, Joseph Russell, 15, 16.
    Juarez, Benito Pablo, 4 (mentioned), 7 (mentioned), 9, 21 (mentions death).
    Kautz, August V., 14, 16.
    Kennedy, John S., 29.
    Kneass, Strickland, 1, 3.
    Knight, Sarah N., 54, 55.
    Kurass, Strickland d', 46.
    Labastida y Davalos, Pelagio Antonio (archbishop of Mexico), 24.
    Lancaster, Jones, Alfonso, 22.
    La Remitrie, H. R. de, 10, 11.
    Lastra y Bonillé, Luis N. de la, 11.
    Lee, Albert Lindley, 19.
    Lerdo de Tejada, Sebastián, 11-12, 14, 19, 21, 24, 30, 38, 39.
    Lizardi, M. J. de, 12.
    Lodge, Henry Cabot, 52.
    Lopez, Felipe, 37.
    Lord, C. H. 43.
    McCook, Alexander, McDowell, 43.
    McCook, Edward Moody, 23.
    McCormick, Richard Cunningham, 11, 16, 19, 38-41, 43, 55.
    McKinley, William, 50 (formal invitation, handwritten).
    McLane, Allen, 9.
    McLane, Robert Milligan, 33.
    MacVeagh, (Isaac) Wayne, 52, 56.
    Macin, F. D., 10, 27.
    Mackie, Charles Paul, 36, 38, 39, 53.
    Mackie, James S., 8, 13, 17, 34, 41, 42, 43, 54, 55.
    Mackie, James Steuart, 42, 54, 56.
    Madrid, Manuel I., 29, 30.
    Magnus, R. von (Baron, Prussian minister to Mexico), 10.
    Mancera, Gabriel, 19, 20.
    Mariscal, Ignacio, 9, 14, 15, 23, 25, 33.
    Marquand, Henry Gurdon, 22, 24, 25, 29, 30, 36, 37, 39, 41-43, 45.
    Marshall, M. B., 8, 9.
    Martinez, Guillermo, 42.
    Mata, J. M., 11, 20, 30, 36.
    Maximilian (Ferdinand Maximilian Joseph, archduke of Austria & emperor of Mexico) mentioned in 6, 8, 9, 55 (Plumb's material on).
    Mayoso, Martin, 11.
    Mejia, Ignacio, 19, 21, 23, 34, 38 (mention).
    Mexican Central Railroad, 44.
    Mexican International Railroad, 45-47, 57, 62.
    Mexican Pacific Coal and Iron Mining and Land Co., 1-4.
    Mexican Southern Railroad, 47.
    Mexico, Archbishop of, see Labastida.
    Mexico - Commerce, 5, 6, 21, 35, 37, 40, 42, 62.
    Mexico - Description and travel, 1-4.
    Mexico - Finances and foreign debt, 2, 4-7, 11, 12, 31, 32, 33, 44, 46, 57, 62.
    Mexico - History - Foreign invasion, 4, 6-9, 55 (Plumb's material on), 62.
    Mexico - Mines and mining, 1-3, 33, 43, 44, 62.
    Mexico - Politics and government, 2-12, 14, 19-24, 26, 28, 31, 33, 34, 36-38, 40, 41, 43, 44, 51, 57, 58, 62-65, 70-72, 76, 77, 85-101 and container vols. 9-12.
    Mexico - Railroads, 1, 6, 14, 19-37, 40, 44-46, 57, 62, 63, 86-99.
    Middleton, H. T. C., 10.
    Mitchell, Addison, 55.
    Morgan, John Tyler, 56.
    Moses, Isaac, 8.
    Navarro, Juan N., 45.
    Nelson, Thomas H., 23, 24, 29, 37, 40, 43.
    New Almaden Quicksilver Mine, 24. and vol. 2 of scrapbook (see its index)
    Newbold, R. S., 9.
    Newbold, William, 24, 29, 35, 36.
    New Orleans, 12.
    New Orleans - Vera Cruz steamers, 19, 36.
    Nicaragua canal, 40, 45, 48, 52, 69.
    Northern Pacific Railroad, 42, 44, 61, 82.
    Nuestra Senora mine, 44.
    Ocampo de Mata, Josefa, 26.
    Ord, Edward O. C., 33 (mention), 34 (ltr. to), 38 (ltrs. to).
    Pacific Railroad, 61, 81.
    Paige, Nath., 43.
    Palmer, Edward F., 9.
    Palmer, William Jackson, 21, 24, 45.
    Panama canal, 56, 57, 74.
    Paris (France) Exposition, 41.
    Pearsall, Thomas M., 27, 45, 46.
    Pelleschi, Giovanni, 53.
    Phelps, William Walter, 30, 31, 35.
    Phillipines, 55, 56.
    Pierce, Thomas W., 32, 36, 38 (copy).
    Plumb, Albert Hale, 12, 32, 43.
    Poe, Orlando Metcalfe, 43.
    Poole, Henry Ward, 2, 3.
    Poor, Charles H., 16.
    Poore, Benjamin Perley, 35.
    Porter, Horace, 16.
    Poston, Charles Debrille, 9, 19, 28, 34.
    Pothonier, Charles Sligo de, 29, 34, 35, 39, 40.
    Puerto Rico, 54.
    Queretaro, siege of, 1867, 8, 9.
    Railroads, 1, 2, 10, 19-37, 39-47, 57, 59, 60, 61, 62, 78-99.
    Ramiro, Luis, 27, 36.
    Raphel, Joseph A., 13.
    Reed, Samuel C., 22.
    Richardson, D. S., 31, 32.
    Riley, Henry Chauncey, 21.
    Roberts, Dionisio Lopez, 14, 19.
    Roberts, William Milnor, 32, 33, 35, 36.
    Roelofson, William F., 19.
    Romero, José M., 27, 30.
    Romero, Matías, 4, 5, 7-14, 16, 19-22, 31, 48, 51-54.
    Romero Rubio, Manuel, 37.
    Rosecrans, William Starke, 12, 64, 78.
    Ruthven, G. R., 10, 15.
    Salm-Salm, Felix Nepomuk, Prince, mentioned, 10.
    Santacilia y Palacios, Pedro, 9, 20, 25,
    Saulnier, E. H., 8, 10.
    Savage, Thomas S., 10.
    Schleicher Gustave, 42, 43 (mention).
    Scott, Thomas A., 31, 41.
    Sagura, Luis G. 25, 30.
    Seward, Frederick William, 4, 42.
    Seward, William Henry, 4, 7-9, 13, 22 (mention).
    Sewell, William Joyce, 52, 55.
    Shafter, William Rufus, mentioned, 53, 55.
    Sheridan, Philip Henry, 9, 10.
    Sherman, William Tecumseh, 10, 22.
    Silliman, Benjamin, 44.
    Skilton, Julius A., 12, 14, 16, 23, 32.
    Slavery - Cuba, 15, 18, 19, 57.
    Sloan, Samuel, 30, 32, 34, 36.
    Smith, Jaspar, 13-15.
    Sonora, Mexico, 11, 40, 91, 92.
    Soto, Mariano B., 23.
    Southern Pacific Railroad, 60, 81, 82.
    Spanish-American War, 1898, 53-55, 73.
    Spofford, Ainsworth Rand, 43.
    Spofford, Richard Smith, 43, 44, 46.
    Springer, James H., 13.
    Springer, Joseph A., 13, 16.
    Steamers, 19, 36, 76.
    Stevens, Simon, 21, 24, 25.
    Stillman, James, 51.
    Sturm, Herman, 7 (copy), 11.
    Sullivan, James, 19.
    Sumner, Charles, 9, 26 (mention).
    Swank, James Moore, 28, 31.
    Taylor, Moses, 13, 41.
    Taylor, R. W., 13, 17.
    Texas - Mexico border, 23, 33, 34, 43, 59.
    Texas railroads, 19-21, 23-26, 29, 30, 32-36, 39, 40, 57, 61, 83, 84.
    Thomson, J. Edgar, 4, 9.
    Thornton, Sir Edward, 38.
    Treaties, 5, 57, 58, 69.
    Tronbridge, J. T., 22.
    Uhink, Julio F., 11, 20.
    Uhink, Valentin, 12.
    Union and Central Pacific Railroad - Consolidation, 79.
    U. S. Centennial Exposition, 34-36.
    Vega, Placido, mentioned, 7, 11,
    Velasco, Emilio, 20.
    Venezuelan boundary, 48-51.
    Vennon, Henry G., 44.
    Vera Cruz Railroad, 1, 2, 22, 85.
    Vernon, E. G., 45.
    Ward, Elijah, 18, 19.
    Ward, Samuel, 9, 45.
    Washington Territory, 42.
    Washington Treaty, 1871, 19.
    Welles, Gideon, 4 (copy).
    Wells, David Ames, 22.
    West, Joseph Rodman, 10, 19.
    Wetmore, Charles A., 43.
    White, Andrew Dickson, 26, 49, 50.
    Whiting, William, 19.
    Whitney, Josiah Dwight, 2.
    Whitney, William Dwight, 13.
    Wilcox, Gurdon H., 44.
    Wilkes, George, 9.
    Wilson, George, 41.
    Witherspoon, J. M., 10.
    Worrall, [F. W.], 23.
    Worrall, T. H., 11.
    Wyman, John H., 23.
    Yardley, E. T., 33.
    Young, Edward, 34.
    Zamacona, Manuel, 19, 21-23, 32, 39.
    Zola trial, 52.