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Guide to the Germany. Extraparliamentary movement, 1967-1984
Special Collections M0613  
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  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Scope and Content
  • Note
  • Access Terms

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Germany. Extraparliamentary movement,
    Date (inclusive): 1967-1984
    Collection number: Special Collections M0613
    Extent: 50.5 linear ft.
    Repository: Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives.
    Language: English.

    Administrative Information

    Access Restrictions


    Publication Rights

    Property rights reside with the repository. Literary rights reside with the creators of the documents or their heirs. To obtain permission to publish or reproduce, please contact the Public Services Librarian of the Dept. of Special Collections.


    Purchased, 1992.

    Preferred Citation:

    [Identification of item] Germany. Extraparliamentary movement, M0613, Dept. of Special Collections, Stanford University Libraries, Stanford, Calif.

    Scope and Content

    Auerparliamentarische Bewegung (APO), Studentenbewegung, Antiautoritäre Bewegung, Linke und Alternative Gruppen nach 1967. (Extra-parliamentary opposition, student movement; anti-authoritarian movement; leftist and alternative groups post 1967).
    This collection contains over 4,500 pieces, mostly journals, magazines, newspapers, pamphlets, texts, books and posters. It was put together systematically over a 10 year period and has been continually modified in order to provide detailed and representative documentation of the following subjects:
    1. 2. Juni 1967 (June 2, 1967). The murder of student Benno Ohnesorg at a anti-Shah demonstration in Berlin. This spectacular event triggered the anti-authoritarian protest movement, documented here in flyers, magazines, journals and newspapers.
    2. Vietnamkrieg (Vietnam War). Pamphlets, texts, newspapers, magazines and journals document the protest against the Vietnam War. (1966-1975)
    3. Hochschulpolitik (University Politics). University revolt, occupation of institutions, anti-University, referred to as the Kritische Universität (critical university). Some of the independent lectures, seminars and events that were organized, as well as the aims of the movement that were communicated to the public are documented here through pamphlets, texts, magazines and journals. (1967-1975)
    4. Betriebsarbeit (Factory Work). Part of the protest movement attempted to create an alliance with the workers. Grassroots groups and factory work were organized, and factory newspapers, pamphlets for workers, as well as magazines and journals were established. (1968-1972)
    5. Kinderladenbewegung (Child Daycare Movement). The first socialist daycare center was founded in 1968 in Berlin. Anti-authoritarian education was discussed and psychoanalysis, especially the writings of Wilhelm Reich, was rediscovered. Pamphlets, texts, pirate press editions of classics of Psychoanalysis document this movement. (1967-1972)
    6. Springer-Kampagne (Springer Campaign). In protest against the rabble-rousing propaganda of the Springer press (BILD-Zeitung) in Berlin, several anti-public forums emerged, including independent newspapers and pamphlets. (1967-1972)
    7. Notstandsgesetze (Emergency Laws). Criticism of the emergency laws legislated by the grand coalition of the SPD and CDU was an important component of the extra-parliamentary movement. This criticism was also leveled against the established parties. Pamphlets, texts, newspapers. (1967-1970)
    8. Frauenbewegung (Women's Movement). Starting with the Aktionsrat zur Befreiung der Frau (The Action Committee for the Emancipation of Women) (1968), the beginnings of the women's emancipation are documented through magazines, journals, pamphlets and texts. (1968-1973)
    9. Stadtguerilla (Urban Guerillas). Armed struggle, Red Army Faction (RAF), Movement of the 2. June, Revolutionäre Zellen, (revolutionary cells) Terrorism are documented through illegal pamphlets, texts written by the groups, police Wanted-for-Reward posters, pamphlets, texts on the trials, as well as events following the death in Stammheim in 1977 of first generation RAF activists [Deutscher Herbst (German Autumn)]. (1968-1980)
    10. Rote und schwarze Hilfe (Red and Black Assistance). After part of the movement was made illegal, groups and collectives of lawyers --analogous to those of the Weimar Republic--were formed that supported convicted prisoners. (1968-1980)
    11. Raubdrücke (Pirate Presses). The Raubdrücke were initially part of the student movement, which printed mainly writings of the Frankfurt School, Critical Theory and Psychoanalysis, that were then unavailable in book stores. The first Raubdrücke were highly imaginative products, self-defined as Anti-Bücher (Anti-Books). Aesthetics, Printing Processes, Format, etc.. Emergence of independent presses. Books, texts, programs. (1967-1975)
    12. Sozialistischer Deutscher Studentenbund (SDS) (Socialist German Student Oranization). The SDS was the most radical and important driving force of the student movement. Internal papers, pamphlets, materials on congresses document the activity of this organization. (1966-1970)
    13. Häuserkampf (Housing Revolt). Pamphlets, texts, newspapers, magazines and journals document the occupation of buildings in Berlin and Frankfurt between 1968 and 1970, and between 1978 and 1982.
    14. Anarchismus und Rätekommunismus (Anarchism and Council Communism). Anarchistic and council-communist groups emerged which later regarded themselves as in opposition to the dogmatic party communist ideas that came to dominate the student movement. Magazines, journals, pamphlets, texts. (1968-1975)
    15. K-Gruppen (C-Groups) Communist Party - oriented groups formed in accordance with world-political models, such as those found in the Soviet Union, China, Cuba, Vietnam and North Korea. Pamphlets, texts, newspapers and journals. (1968-1975)
    16. Tunix-Kongress 1978 (Do-Nothing Congress 1978). Important international congress of the anti-authoritarian movement in Berlin. Pamphlets, texts, newspapers. (1978)
    17. Edition Voltaire. This press was founded by Bernward Vesper [ Die Reise (The Trip)]. It published a series of Voltaire-Schriften (writings) and Voltaire Handbücher (paperbacks) in which various revolutionary and militant movements, such as the Black Pathers, Zengakuren and the RAF, were given a forum. It also published works by writers, such as Jean-Paul Sartre, Heinrich Böll, H.M. Enzensberger, Günter Grass and Peter Weiss. Complete collection of the press' entire production, with ca. 50 titles.
    18. Peter-Paul Zahl Verlag. The writer and typesetter P. P. Zahl was initially the printer of the anti-authoritarian movement in Berlin. He was the printer for the SDS, grassroots groups, and later even the RAF. He also founded his own press and published books, posters, magazines, Zwergschul-Ergänzungshefte, the series PP Quadrat, the literary [UNK] magazine Spartakus, the newspaper FIZZ, among other things. Later he founded the Rote Ruhr-Armee, a self-defined anarchistic faction of the RAF. The collection includes all the works of the press, including ca. 50 titles and texts expressing solidarity with the publisher during his longterm imprisonment.
    19. Kommune 1. The K I was the [UNK] most well-known political group in Berlin. It began by developing new forms of protests, including Happenings and political/cultural events. Its members distributed and produced their own texts and pamphlets. In 1968 it was thrown out of the SDS. It later participated in the RAF and the 2. June Movement. Complete collection of its pamphlets and texts.
    To these nineteen areas, a collection of all the important magazines, journals and newspapers of the anti-authoritarian movment have been added, providing a complete portrait of the movement:
    1. 882 (Agit 883). The most famous newspaper, in which all factions and perspectives between 1968 and 1972 were given a forum. 89 issues.
    2. RPK (Rote Presse Korrespondenz). Between 1969 and 1973, approximately 160 issues appeared. Important supplement to 883. All events, demonstrations, struggles as well as intellectual and theoretical work were documented here.
    3. Hundert Blumen. 1972-1973. Successor to 883. (complete)
    4. Bambule. 1972-1974. Successor to 883.
    5. Der lange Marsch. [UNK] Newspaper for a new Left. 1972-1978. Complete series. [UNK]
    6. Info-Bug. (Info Berliner undogmatischer Gruppen). 1974-1978. Complete series of all 230 issues, including illegally printed ones that appeared after the magazine was banned. All groups and orientations of the movement were given a forum here to express themselves.
    7. Radikal. 1976-1984. Originally conceived as a continuation of 883. Approximately 120 issues, some of which were printed illegally.
    8. Konkret. This complete collection, which documents the continuity and multifacetness of the movement, is supplemented by an array of Konkret magazines published between 1958-1966 (122 issues). This important magazine marks the beginnings of the radical movement in the Federal Republic of Germany.
    9. alternative. This journal was first published in August, 1958, as a successor to Lyrische Blatter, the last three issues of which are included in this collection. Alternative was originally called a publication for lyric and prose, but evolved to include mostly essays on anti-authoritarian themes. The collection includes all 146 issues from August, 1958 to December, 1982, with some issues bound and published together. Also included are yearly summary pamphlets from 1964-1981 and four dokumente additions published from October, 1964 to June, 1968.


    The title of the collection is the English approximation of Ausserparliamentarische Opposition (APO), an inclusive name for many leftist and student groups whose particular interests and objectives were united in their anti-authoritarian objectives.

    Access Terms

    Ohnesorg, Benno.
    Kommune 1.
    Kommunistische Gruppe Bochum/Essen.
    Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands.
    Peter-Paul Zahl Verlag.
    Rote und Schwarze Hilfe.
    Socialist German Student Organization (SDS)
    Springer Press.
    Tunix-Kongress 1978.
    Student movements.
    Germany--Social conditions--20th century.
    APO (Ausserparliamentarische Opposition) Sammlung. Alternative; Blatter fur Lyrik und Prosa. Bambule. 882 (Agit 883) RPK (Rote Presse Korrespondenz) Hundert Blumen. Der lange Marsch. Info-Bug. Konkret. Radikal.