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Professional and Fraternal Affiliations
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Department of Special Collections and University Archives
Title: Frederick Emmons Terman papers
Terman, Frederick Emmons, 1900-1982
Identifier/Call Number: SC0160
110 Linear Feet
Date (inclusive): 1920-1978
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[Identification of item], Frederick Emmons Terman Papers (SC0160). Department of Special Collections and University Archives,
Stanford University Libraries, Stanford, Calif.
||Born in English, Indiana on June 7, son of Lewis Madison and Anna Belle Minton Terman.
||Moves with family from Indiana to California.
||Settles permanently at Stanford when Lewis Terman joins Stanford Education Department faculty.
||Begins experimenting with radio as a "ham" operator.
||A.B. in Chemistry from Stanford University.
||Engineer's Degree in Electrical Engineering from Stanford.
||Sc.D. degree in Electrical Engineering from M.I.T. Offered teaching position at M.I.T., but because of first onset of tuberculosis,
||Begins half-time teaching in Stanford E. E. Department.
||Begins full-time teaching at Stanford.
||Appointed Assistant Professor of Electrical Engineering. Co-authors Transmission Line Theory with W. S. Franklin.
||Marries Sibyl Walcutt, graduate student in psychology, on March 22.
||Birth of Frederick Walcutt Terman, March 10.
||Appointed Associate Progessor of Electrical Engineering.
||Birth of Terrence Christopher Terman, September 3.
||Publishes book, Radio Engineering.
||Publishes Measurement in Radio Engineering.
||Birth of Lewis Madison Terman, August 26.
||Becomes full professor and Executive Head of Electrical Engineering Department.
||Publishes-Fundamentals of Radio.
||Publishes Radio and Vacuum Tube Theory.
||Elected President of the Institute of Radio Engineers.
||Director of the Harvard Radio Research Laboratory, engaged in military research on radar countermeasures.
||Publishes Radio Engineers's Handbook.
||Appointed Dean of Stanford's School of Engineering, succeeding Samuel B. Morris.
||Awarded honorary Sc-D. from Harvard University.
||Decorated by the British government for wartime research. Elected to the National Academy of Sciences.
||Receives Presidential Medal of Merit.
||Awarded Medal of Honor by the Institute of Radio Engineers.
||Co-authors Electronic Measurements with Joseph M. Pettit.
||Elected chairman of the Engineering Section of the National Academy of Sciences.
||Provost of Stanford University.
||Vice-President of Stanford.
||Acting President of Stanford University, February to August.
||Becomes Emeritus, August 31.
||Engineering Building 500 named the Frederick Emmons Terman Laboratory.
||Receives "Distinguished Citizen's Award" from the city of Palo Alto.
||Tours U.S.S.R. as a member of three-man delegation sponsored by U.S. Office of Education to study scientific and engineering
education in Russia.
||Receives Stanford Alumni Association's Herbert Hoover Medal for Distinguished Service.
||Elected President of the Society of the Sigma Xi.
||Death of Sibyl Terman on July 23. 1975 Awarded Korea's Order of Civil Merit Medal by President Chung-hee Park.
||Receives National Medal of Science from President Gerald Ford.
||Donates his campus home to the University to establish educational research fund in honor of his late wife, Sibyl Walcutt
||Frederick Emmons Terman Engineering Center dedicated October 6.
||Receives Stanford Associates Uncommon Man Award.
||Died at his home on the Stanford Campus, December 19, 1982.
Professional and Fraternal Affiliations
FREDERICK E. TERMAN PROFESSIONAL AND FRATERNAL AFFILIATIONS
- American Association for the Advancement of Science.
- American Institute of Electrical Engineering (now IEEE). Fellow.
- American Philosophical Society.
- American Society for Engineering Education.
- Vice-President and Chairman of Administrative Council, 1949-51.
- Lamme Medal, 1964.
- Honorary Member, 1966.
- "Hall of Fame," 1968.
- Ampex Corporation. Board of Directors, 1953-64.
- Army Advisory Committee on Contractual and Administrative Procedures for Research and Development, 1948.
- Army Electronics Proving Ground. Advisory Council, 1954-57.
- Audio Engineering Society. Honorary member, 1955.
- California Academy of Sciences. Fellow.
- California Co-ordinating Council for Higher Education. Consultant, 1967-68.
- Colorado Commission on Higher Education. Consultant, 1966-67; 1970.
- Committee on Higher Education in the State of New York. Consultant, 1960.
- Defense Science Board, 1957-58.
- Department of Commerce
- Industrial Research and Development Division. Consultant, 1946-47.
- Patent Panel, 1963.
- Department of Defense.
- Special Technical Advisory Group, 1950-53.
- T.A.P.E.C. Committee, 1953-56.
- Dreyfus Foundation. Chairman, Special Advisory Committee to Trustees, 1969-
- Eta Kappa Nu.
- Granger Associates. Board of Directors, 1963-
- Harvard University. Visiting Committee, 1970-
- Harvard Radio Research Laboratory. Director, 1942-45.
- Hewlett-Packard Company.
- Board of Directors, 1957-73.
- Director Emeritus, 1973-
- Industry Committee for a Graduate Center for Science and Technology in New Jersey. Consultant, 1955-66
- Institute for Defense Analysis. Trustee, 1965-73.
- Institute for Science and Technology (New Jersey). Executive Committee, 1966-68.
- Institute of Radio Engineers (now IEEE)
- Director, 1940-43.
- Vice-President, 1940.
- President, 1941.
- Medal of Honor, 1950.
- Founder's Award, 1962.
- Korean Institute for Advanced Science. Trustee, 1973.
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Visiting Committee, 1970-
- National Academy of Engineering. Founding member.
- National Academy of Sciences.
- Ad Hoc Committee on Tests of Battery Additives, 1953-54.
- Chairman, Engineering Section, 1953-56.
- Council, 1956-59.
- National Bureau of Standards. Visiting Committee, 1970-
- National Defense Research Committee
- Divisions 14 and 15, member, 1942-45.
- Vacuum Tube Development Committee, 1943-45.
- National Research Council. Engineering Division, 1943-46.
- National Science Foundation. Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
- Member, 1955-59.
- Chairman, 1958-59.
- Naval Research Advisory Committee.
- Member, 1956-64.
- Chairman, 1957-58
- New York State Education Department. Consultant, 1968-69.
- Phi Beta Kappa.
- Phi Lambda Upsilon.
- President's Science Advisory Committee. Consultant, 1959-63; 1970-73.
- RCA Fellowship Board. Chairman, 1947-50.
- Sigma Tau.
- Sigma Xi
- Education Board, 1956-58; 1967-70.
- President, 1975.
- Signal Corps Research and Development Advisory Committee, 1954-62.
- Sloan Foundation Science Book Program.
- Southern Methodist University Foundation for Science and Engineering.
- President and Trustee, 1965-74.
- Trutsee, 1974-
- Stanford Bank. Board of Directors, 1964-71.
- Stanford Research Institute. Board of Directors, 1955-65.
- State Department. Board of Foreign Scholarships, 1960-65.
- State University of Florida. Consultant, 1970-71.
- Tau Beta Pi.
- Texas Christian University Research Foundation. Advisory Committee, 1972-
- Theta Xi.
- US/AID Team to Korea. Party Leader, 1970.
- U.S. Office of Education. Mission to U.S.S.R., 1965.
- Utah System of Higher Education. Consultant, 1972-73.
- Varian Associates. Board of Directors, 1948-53.
- Watkins-Johnson Company. Board of Directors, 1957-
Frederick Emmons Terman, the first child of Lewis Madison and Anna Terman, was born in English, Indiana on June 7, 1900. Due
to Lewis Terman's chronic tuberculosis, the family sought a more salubrious climate, moving to the Los Angeles area in 1905.
With the elder Terman's appointment to the Stanford University Education Department in 1910, the family settled permanently
in the Stanford area.
Lewis Terman, an eminent psychologist and educator, is perhaps best known for his development of the Stanford-Binet intelligence
tests. His work on IQ testing was however, only one aspect of a life-long professional interest in individual giftedness and
leadership. Frederick was undoubtedly influenced by some of his father's concepts, and later integrated them into his own
system of identifying faculty and students of unusual promise, and encouraging the fullest realization of their potentials.
Growing up in an academic environment also instilled an early and thorough understanding of university operation, later to
serve well in Dr. Terman's administrative career.
Childhood at Stanford University had its less serious aspects as well. Dr. Terman recalls hiking in the Stanford foothills,
fishing in Felt Lake, and swimming in Lake Lagunita. At the age of fourteen, Frederick and his neighbor, Herbert Hoover, Jr.,
began experimenting with "ham" radio, resulting in Dr. Terman's life-long involvement with radio.
Nine years old before he began primary school, Dr. Terman progressed rapidly and graduated from Stanford University in 1920
with a degree in Chemistry. After obtaining an additional degree in Electrical Engineering at Stanford under Professor Harris
J. Ryan, Terman went to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology for graduate study under Professor Vannevar Bush. Bush emphasized
the practical, industrial applications of engineering in addition to theoretical research.
Upon the completion of his doctorate in electrical engineering in 1924, Dr. Terman accepted a teaching appointment at M.I.T.
Health was to play a decisive role in Frederick Terman's career as it had for his father. While visiting his family at Stanford
in the summer of 1924, he had a serious attack of tuberculosis, keeping him bed-ridden for a year.
For his recovery, the California climate was preferable to Massachusetts, and the following year Dr. Terman accepted a part-time
instructorship in electrical engineering at Stanford University. He continued his convalescence throughout the academic year
of 1925-26, getting up only a few hours each day to teach. Despite serious illness, these years were very productive. With
the intense concentration characterizing all his endeavors, Terman used the time to read extensively the existing radio engineering
literature and to begin drafting his own first book.
In the academic year 1926-27, Terman began full-time teaching at Stanford, specializing in electronics. Although the electronics
laboratory suffered from a severe shortage of funds, in the years between 1926 and 1941, Dr. Terman was able to build up a
program distinctive in its output of ideas, people and publications.
Meanwhile, Dr. Terman's own career was flourishing. In 1937, he became a full professor and executive head of the Department
of Electrical Engineering. Five of his seven books were published and were well received. More than 600,000 copies would be
published in nine languages. According to Dr. Terman, his books "reflect his interest in the systematic organization of knowledge,
and his desire to find simple quantitative ways to treat each topic."
He was also active in numerous professional societies, particularly the Institute of Radio Engineers. In 1941 he was elected
President of the I.R.E., a notable honor signifying the growing national visibility of Dr. Terman and the Stanford electronics
Pre-WW II years were significant in his personal life as well. In 1928, he married Sibyl Walcutt, a graduate student in psychology.
Their three sons, Frederick, Terrence and Lewis, were born between 1929 and 1935.
The outbreak of World War II was a turning point for Dr. Terman. He was appointed to organize and direct the Harvard Radio
Research Laboratory, which was responsible for developing countermeasures against enemy radar. This research project eventually
had more than 850 employees. It devised electronic radar jammers; designed tunable receivers for locating and analyzing radar
signals; and manufactured billions of aluminum strips (called "chaff") which confused enemy radar reception when dropped from
airplanes. The Radio Research Laboratory (operating over Europe) was credited with saving many of the allied bombers, and
Dr. Terman was decorated by both the American and British governments for his wartime efforts.
At the same time that he was directing the Harvard Laboratory, Dr. Terman was educating himself in the strategies of successful
university administration. He benefited by living near the treasurer of Harvard University, from whom he learned how Harvard's
administrative structure and policies contributed to its pre-eminence among universities. Other issues discussed were the
future of government support for university research after the war, and how such funding could best be utilized. Terman felt
World War II had clearly demonstrated the importance of technological superiority in military success, and as a result, the
federal government would place a new priority upon sponsoring advanced engineering research.
Terman returned to Stanford in 1946 as Dean of Engineering. In his new position of responsibility, he was able to carry out
the concepts he had developed for strengthening the engineering program at Stanford. There were three basic components in
his plan: the use of government research contracts; enhancement of the symbiotic relationship between local industry and the
university; and distribution of funds for maximum academic benefit.
The contacts Dr. Terman had made as director of the Harvard Radio Research Laboratory were useful in obtaining the federal
government contracts for Stanford. The newly established Office of Naval Research sought Dr. Terman's assistance, and with
the approval of Stanford president, Donald B. Tresidder, research projects were initiated in chemistry, physics, and electronics
in 1945 and 1947. Terman developed administrative guidelines to assure that sponsored research would benefit, rather than
compete with, the educational mission of the University. Among the important aspects of these guidelines were that all research
projects should be built around the specific interests of individual faculty members, rather than being obtained by administrators
and assigned to the faculty, and that research should actually be carried out by students and faculty as an integral part
of their academic programs rather than being undertaken by professional research staff as an adjunct to educational goals.
The conditions established with these original sponsored projects have continued as the basis for the successful applied research
programs at Stanford.
Dr. Terman had long been opposed to the "ivory tower" image of universities. He recognized the practical and mutual benefits
that could accrue from interaction between industry and academia, and encouraged a closer relationship between them.
Palo Alto is often called the "birthplace of electronics" in honor of Lee DeForest's pioneering research with the audion tube
in 1912, but when Dr. Terman began his teaching career in the 1920's, there were very few innovative engineering companies
in the Bay Area. Terman was disturbed to find most of his best students moving to the east coast to find jobs. In the 1930's
Professor Terman attempted to ameliorate the situation by helping talented students establish their own small companies. His
greatest success was the Hewlett-Packard company; Terman arranged for a 8500 research assistantship to bring his former student,
David Packard, back from a job at General Electric in New York to collaborate with William Hewlett, another of his inventive
students. Terman was the "godfather" of this and several other student-initiated ventures that formed the nucleus of the San
Francisco Bay Area's industrial development, today's "Silicon Valley."
As Dean of Engineering, Dr. Terman could effectively foster cooperation between Stanford's engineering program and local research-oriented
companies. He encouraged faculty consulting, developed industrial affiliates programs through which companies could keep informed
of the latest scientific developments in their fields, and initiated the Honors Cooperative Program, allowing employees of
local firms to study part-time toward advanced degrees at Stanford. These arrangements proved to be mutually beneficial. Innovative
industries benefited from the intellectual stimulus of a strong university, whose graduates also provided an exceptionally
qualified work force. Programs like the Honors Cooperative became added recruitment incentives. In return, the Stanford Engineering
School received financial support through the affiliates and cooperative programs. Potential students were attracted by the
favorable employment environment as well as academic excellence. The opening of the Stanford Industrial Park in the 1950's
strengthened the university-industry liaison, and the Stanford pattern has since been emulated throughout the United States.
More important to the Engineering School's development than sponsored research or industrial cooperation was Dr. Terman's
program for obtaining maximum benefit from available resources. As Dean, Terman directed the fiscal policies of the School.
He was firmly committed to the concept of investing in faculty, not in buildings. As an expression of this, he felt money
should be directed towards hiring the finest research-oriented engineers possible. He considered it wasteful to construct
new buildings, filled with expensive equipment, without top-quality scientists to use them. He also felt it was better economy
to pay the high salaries necessary to attract a few leading engineers, than to use the same amount of money to hire a greater
number of mediocre professors at lower salaries. He has compared his strategy to a track team, saying, "It's better to have
one seven-foot jumper on your team than any number of six-foot jumpers.
He called this principle the "steeples of excellence." These steeples consist of very small groups of experts in significant
fields, who by leadership in their professions, can attract grant money, as well as the finest students and junior faculty
members. Terman's formula for the judicious combining of federal money with industrial support propelled the Stanford Engineering
School from a merely regional institution into national prominence.
With his appointment as Provost of Stanford University in 1955, Dr. Terman assumed broader administrative responsibilities.
Although President J. E. Wallace Sterling, historian, and Frederick Terman, engineer, had different academic backgrounds,
they shared similar administrative and educational philosophies. Like Terman, Sterling believed institutional superiority
was based upon the outstanding achievement of individual faculty members. Highest priority was placed upon hiring and retaining
the finest scholar-teachers, and faculty search, selection, and tenure polices were made more rigorous and competitive at
all levels. As can be seen in Series III of this collection, Dr. Terman and his Provost's Office staff kept meticulously detailed
data on the operations of every department throughout the University, including average class sizes, number of student contacts
for each faculty member, Ph.D. output per professor, faculty salaries and anticipated retirement dates. Dr. Terman often had
a fuller knowledge of the workings of a department than did its chairman. These statistics were invaluable for strengthening
and streamlining the academic programs in all areas of Stanford. During the Sterling-Terman administration, the University
experienced unprecedented growth in national academic prominence and prestige.
Although Dr. Terman retired as Provost in 1965, he has continued to serve as a part-time consultant to the President, and
has designed and carried out several studies on school and department budgets, faculty planning, benefits and retirement.
Dr. Terman has continued to be active in many professional societies, holding elective offices or committee appointments in
the Institute of Radio Engineers, the American Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, the Institute of Electrical
and Electronics Engineers, the National Academy of Engineering, and Sigma Xi.
In keeping with his belief that the United States must maintain technological superiority in a highly competitive world, he
has served as a consultant or advisor for the Institute of Defense Analysis, the Defense Science Board, the President's Scientific
Advisory Committee, and the Navy, Air Force, and Signal Corps.
Since his retirement in 1965, he has devoted particular attention to the development of higher education in science and engineering,
both in the United States and abroad. Among these project have been the Southern Methodist Foundation for Science and Engineering,
the Korean Institute for Advanced Science, and a U.S. Office of Education mission to the U.S.S.R.
Dr. Terman once said, "I most enjoy helping to build something up, taking an unformulated enterprise and making it into what
it could become." Today Stanford University, and the surrounding communities of technical scholars, bear witness to the continuing
influence of that idea.
TERMAN: MAJOR CORRESPONDENTS
- The following list includes only major correspondents in the Terman collection. For a complete index to the Terman collection
of personal and corporate names, see the card index of the Terman collection in the Stanford University Archives.
- Abramowitz, Moses
- Abramson, Norman
- Adams, Dwight B
- Albert, Arthur L
- Alford, Andres
- Alger, Philip
- Allen, Peter C
- Allyn, Nathaniel C
- Almond, Gabriel
- Alway, Robert H
- American Association for the Advancement of Science
- American Council on Education
- American Institute of Electrical
- American Telephone and Telegraph
- Angell, James B
- Anliker, Max
- Arbuckel, Ernest C
- Arizona, University of
- Armstrong, Edwin H
- Arrow, Kenneth
- Ayer, William E
- Axt, Richard
- Bacchetti, Raymond C
- Bacon, David C
- Bailey, George
- Bailey, Stuart L
- Bailey, Thomas A
- Baker, W R G
- Barus, David N
- Beadle, George
- Bechtel, Stephen D
- Bell Telephone Laboratories
- Benjamin, Curtis G
- Bennett, Merrill K
- Bennett, Rawson
- Berkner, Lloyd
- Beverage, H H
- Black, John D
- Black, Leonard J
- Bloch, Felix
- Boelter, L M K
- Boring, M M
- Bowker, Albert H
- Bowles, Edward
- Bown, Ralph
- Brandin, Alf E
- Brandt, Karl
- Brittain, James E
- Bronk, Detlev
- Bronwell, Arthur B
- Brooks, E. Howard
- Burden, William A
- Bush, Robert N
- Bush, Royal Robert
- Bush, Vannevar
- Buttner, Harold H
- Byrne, John F
- California Institute of Technology
- California, University of (all campuses)
- Campbell, W Glenn
- Carlson, Donald T
- Carnegie Corporation of New York
- Carter, E Finley
- Cassidy, Harold G
- Celanese Corporation
- Chaffee, E L
- Chambers, Dudley
- Chernoff, Herman
- Chestnut, Harold
- Chicago, University of
- Chodorow, Marvin
- Christeller, Norman L
- Clayton, John M
- Clement, Lewis
- Coates, Leonidas D
- Coggeshall, I S
- Columbia Broadcasting System
- Columbia University
- Compton, Karl T
- Conant, James B
- Cook, Lyle E
- Copp, William C
- Cornell University
- Cowlich, W B
- Crawford, Frederick
- Crawford, John D
- Creighton, Kenneth
- Crone, W Reed
- Cross, James E
- Croxton, Frank C
- Cullum, A Earl
- Cuthbertson, Kenneth
- Daniell, C M
- Davis, Joseph S
- Davis, Paul H
- Davis, William 0
- Dawson, Francis M
- Dazey, Kendal I
- Dees, Bowen C
- de Forest, Lee
- Dellinger, H
- Djerassi, Carl
- Dodds, John W
- Donner, Stanley T
- Dornbusch, Sanford M
- Dow, William G
- Doyle, Morris
- Dubridge, Lee A
- Dunn, Donald A
- Durand, William F
- Eastham, Melville
- Eastman, Austin V
- Ekstrand, Philip
- Eldred, W Noel
- Eliassen, Rolf
- Elliot, Harold
- Elwell, Cyril F
- Encyclopedia Britannica
- Engstrom, E W
- Erwin, E S
- Eurich, Alvin C
- Everest, F Alton
- Everitt, William L
- Farnsworth, Paul
- Farnsworth, Philip
- Farnsworth Television and Radio Company
- Faulkner, Ray
- Faville, David E
- Federal Telegraph Company
- Field, Lester M
- Fink, Donald G
- Flax, Alexander H
- Florida, University of
- Flory, Paul
- Flynn, James
- Folkers, Karl
- Ford, Thomas W
- Ford Foundation
- Ford Motor Company
- Forslund, Dolores
- Forsythe, George
- Foster, John S, Jr.
- Franklin, Gene
- Franklin, Ruth
- Freund, C J
- Fubini, Eugene
- Fuller, Leonard F
- Gannett, E K
- General Electric Company
- General Radio Company
- Gentry, Kenneth M
- Georgia Institute of Technology
- Gere, James M
- Gibbons, James F
- Gibson, Weldon B
- Gilfillan Brothers
- Ginzton, Edward
- Glover, Frederic 0
- Goheen, John D
- Golmark, Peter
- Goldsmith, Alfred N
- Goldstein, Avram
- Gould, D H
- Grad, Arthur
- Graham, Virgil M
- Granger, John V N
- Gregory, George T
- Greulich, William
- Grieder, Elmer
- Grinter, Linton E
- Grobstein, Clifford
- Guy, Raymond F
- Haley, Bernard
- Hall, Harvey
- Haller, George L
- Hann, Paul
- Hansen, William Webster
- Harman, Willis
- Harris, Donald B
- Hartig, Henry E
- Harvard University
- Haskins, Carly P
- Hastorf, Albert
- Hawkinson, John
- Hazeltine, Alan
- Hazeltine Service Corporation
- Heebink, David
- Heffner, Hubert
- Heintz and Kaufman
- Heising, Raymond A
- Helliwell, Robert A
- Helm, 0 W
- Henline, H H
- Hewlett, William R
- Hewlett-Packard Company
- Hildebrand, Roger
- Hilgard, Ernest R
- Hilton, Ronald
- Hoff, Nicholas
- Hofstadter, Robert
- Holloman, J Herbert
- Holme, Thomas T
- Hooper, WilliamL
- Hoover, Herbert
- Hoover, Herbert Jr.
- Horle, Lawrence F F
- Huggins, Robert
- Hughes Aircraft Co.
- Hulstede, G E
- Hunter, Could H
- Hurd, Paul
- Hutchinson, Eric
- Hygrade Sylvania Co.
- Illinois Institute of Technology
- Illinois, University of
- Institute for Defense Analysis
- Institute of Electrical and
- Electronics Engineers
- Institute of Radio Engineers
- International Business Machines
- International Standard Electrical
- International Telephone and Telegraph
- Ireson, W Grant
- Israel, Dorman D
- Jackson, J Hugh
- Jaconbson, David
- Jensen, Peter L
- Johns Hopkins University
- Johnson, William S
- Jones, Thomas
- Jones, William
- Kaar, I J
- Kaisel, Stanley F
- Kaplan, Henry
- Kays, William
- Kelly, Mervin J
- Kemnitzer, William
- Kennedy, Donald
- Kenworthy, Dudley
- Kern County Land Company
- Kerr, Clark
- Killian, James R
- Killian, Thomas J, Jr.
- Kindy, Ward B
- King, James R
- Kixmiller, Richard W
- Klipsch, Paul
- Knowles, Hugh S
- Kornberg, Arthur
- Kranzberg, Melvin
- Krauskopf, Konrad
- Kushner, LawrenceM
- Lampe, J H
- Langle, Robert
- Lapp, John
- Larson, Robert W
- Laun, Harold
- Lebacqz, Jean
- Lederberg, Joshua
- Lieberman, Gerald
- Lippincott, Donald K
- Linsley, Ray K
- Linvill, John G
- Linvill, William
- Llewellyn, Fred B
- Lockheed Aircraft
- Long, Moses C
- Loughren, Arthur V
- Lyman, Richard
- Lynd, John
- Lyon, Richard F
- McCord, William
- McCormack, James, Jr.
- McDaniel, Joseph
- McDonough, John
- McFadden, Duncan I
- McGhie, L Farrell
- McGraw-Hill Book Company
- Mackay Radio and Telegraph
- McKenzie, Lawson M
- MacKeown, Samuel S
- Manning, Bayless
- Mason, David
- Massachusetts Institute for Technology
- Menneken, Carl E
- Meyer, Myrl
- Meyrhof, Walter E
- Michigan, University of
- Miller, William
- Millman, Sidney
- Minnesota, University of
- Mohr, Lawrence
- Morris, Albert J
- Morris, Samuel B
- Moses, Lincoln
- Mothershead, John
- Motorola Incorporated
- Moulton, Robert
- National Academy of Science
- National Broadcasting Company
- National Science Foundation
- Nelson, Lyle
- Neville, Harvey A
- New York University
- Noller, Carl
- Norberg, Arthur
- Northrop Aircraft
- Northwestern University
- Norton, Garrison
- Oakford, Robert
- O'Brien, Richard
- Oglesby, Clarkson
- Ohio State University
- Oliphant, Charles
- Olson, Jane V
- O'Neil, Marshall
- Oregon State College
- Otis, Brooks
- Owen, Lillian C
- Pacific Telephone and Telegraph
- Packard, David
- Page, Benjamin
- Pake, George
- Panofsky, Wolfgang K H
- Park, Charles
- Parks, George
- Pearson, Daryl
- Pearson, Gerald
- Pederson, Carlton
- Pennsylvania State College
- Pennsylvania, University of
- Perkins, David
- Peterson, Allen
- Pettit, Joseph M
- Phinney, Edward D
- Pike, Thomas
- Pindar, Frederick V L
- Pior, Emmanuel
- Pitzer, Kenneth
- Polkinghorn, Frank A
- Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn
- Pond, Samuel
- Poniatoff, Alexander M
- Post, Serafim Fred
- Pratt, Haraden
- Princeton University
- Quillen, I J
- Radio Corporation of America
- Raffel, Sidney
- Rambo, William R
- RAND Corporation
- Ray, Dixy Lee
- Raytheon Company
- Rees, Mina D
- Reich, Herbert J
- Rhinelander, Philip
- Rich, Charles S
- Ritchie, Jesse M
- Rochester University
- Rockefeller Foundation
- Rogers, Rutherford
- Rosenzwieg, Robert
- Rothwell, C Easton
- Royden, Halsey
- Ryan, Harris J
- Ryan, Lawrence V
- Ryder, John D
- Saville, Thorndike
- Schiff, Leonard
- Schoenfeld, Earl
- Schramm, Wilbur
- Scientific Research Society of America
- Scoles, Edward A
- Scroggs, Joseph C
- Seaborg, Glenn
- Sears, Robert
- Seeger, Raymond J
- Seitz, Frederick
- Sensabaugh, George
- Shackelford, Benjamin E
- Shepard, Jack
- Shockley, William
- Shute, Ellison
- Siegman, Anthony E
- Sigma Xi Society
- Sinclair, Donald B
- Skilling, Hugh H
- Smith, Ralph
- Snyder, Rixford
- Solomon, Herbert
- Sommers, Armiger H
- Southern California, University of
- Southern Methodist University
- Southern Pacific Railroad
- Spaeth, Carl
- Spaght, Monroe
- Spangenberg, Karl
- Spencer, Eldridge T
- SDerry Gyroscope Company
- Stanford Research Institute
- Stauffer, John
- Stearns, H Myrl
- Steel, Geoffrey
- Steere, William
- Steiner, Kurt
- Sterling, J E Wallace
- Stewart, Arthur
- Stewart, Irvin
- Stow, Lyman
- Stratton, Julius A
- Strothman, F W
- Sturrock, Peter
- Susskind, Charles
- Suits, C Guy
- Supervised Investors Services
- Suppes, Patrick
- Swain, Robert E
- Swank, Raynard C
- Sylvania Electric Products
- Sylvester, Peter
- Syntex S. A.
- Tarr, Curtis
- Tarshis, Lorie
- Taylor, Maxwell D
- Television Shares Management Company
- Texas, University of
- Thompson, B J
- Thompson, James S
- Thurber, James
- Tresidder, Donald B
- Tucker, E A
- Turner, H M
- Twitty, Victor C
- U. S. Air Force U. S. Army
- U. S. Atomic Energy Commission
- U. S. Commerce, Department of
- U. S. Defense, Department of
- U. S .Health, Education and Welfare, Department of
- U. S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration
- U. S. Navy
- Van Dyke, Arthur
- Van Valkenberg, M E
- Varian Associates
- Vennard, John
- Villard, Oswald G, Jr.
- Vogel, Ralph H
- Wagener, Winfield G
- Wagner, Harvey
- Walker, Eric A
- Walker, Frank Fish
- Walker, Robert
- Washington University (St. Louis)
- Washington, University of
- Waterman, Alan
- Watkins, Dean A
- Watkins, James T, IV
- Webster, David Locke
- Weigle, Clifford
- Weiner, Norbert
- Weisner, Jerome B
- Wert, Robert
- Westinghouse Electrical Company
- Westman, Harold P
- Weyl, F Joachim
- Wheeler, Harold P
- Whitaker, Douglas
- Whitaker, Virgil
- White, William C
- Wiggins, Ira
- Wilbur, Ray Lyman
- Winbigler, H Donald
- Winters, Arthur Yvor
- Wired Radio Incorporated
- Wisconsin, University of
- Wise, Lauress
- Woodyard, John
- Wright, Gordon
- Yale University
- Young, Richard G
- Zahl, Harold A
- Zworykin, Vladimir K
Scope and Contents
The papers of Frederick Emmons Terman, dating from 1920 to 1978, document all phases of his long and influential career as
an educator, electronics engineer, administrator, and author. The collection consists of nearly 200 boxes of correspondence,
memoranda, minutes, reports, speeches and miscellaneous materials accumulated by Dr. Terman and his staff throughout his professional
life. Because of Dr. Terman's varied career, and the corresponding breadth of this collection, these papers will be a valuable
resource for researchers in many disciplines, including the history of science, military history, educational administration
and even urban development.
The bulk of this collection was donated by Dr. Terman in April, 1977. Since that time, he has continued to send smaller groups
of materials as he no longer needed them. The actual processing of the collection began in December, 1977, and was completed
in the summer of 1980. The project costs were generously underwritten by a grant from Dr. Terman.
The files had been divided between his campus office and his home study. When the papers arrived, they had, for the most part,
already been segregated into discrete groups such as "Provost's Personal Files," and "Institute of Radio Engineer's Records."
In arranging these papers, I have respected Dr. Terman's own organizational scheme as much as possible.
Because the collection is so large and varied, a series structure was devised to provide more convenient access for researchers.
In some cases, such as the "Harvard Radio Research Laboratory Records," the current series is equivalent to Dr. Terman's own
compilation of records on that subject. But in some other cases, such as the "Professional Organizations Series," several
smaller groups of papers were brought together topically as subdivisions of a larger series. Thus, a researcher with a particular
interest in the history of engineering societies, for example, needs only to consult Series IV of the collection.
Within each series, I have arranged the papers according to their original organization when possible. In some series, this
work was limited to merely rearranging a few misfiled papers. In other groups , the plan of organization was not apparent,
so the folders have been ordered in a manner consistent with the overall structure of the collection.
There are two modes of access to this collection: through the subject-oriented box and folder register; and through the index
of correspondents, both of which are divided by series. The researcher is advised to consult the series descriptions to determine
which are most relevant, and then check through the inventory and index of the appropriate series. This procedure will insure
maximum coverage and accessibility of the collection. The index is available for use in the Stanford University Archives.
Frederick Terman ranks as one of the most successful of American administrators of science, engineering, and higher education
in this century, a reputation that has eclipsed his deserved stature as a leading researcher and teacher in the field of radio
engineering. Terman figured prominently in the development of electrical engineering as an academic discipline, the mobilization
of American science and engineering in support of the war effort between 1942 and 1945, and the rapid growth after the war
of an international center of industry based on advances in science and technology which we know today as the "Silicon Valley."
It is fitting that the preservation of Terman's personal, scientific, and administrative papers should match his other accomplishments
as a unique and virtually inexhaustible legacy, this time to historians.
The Terman papers will be approached from a variety of angles, a fact recognized and encouraged by the organization of this
guide. Historians interested in the institutional basis of science and technology in wartime will be drawn to virtually complete
records--including scarce or unpublished administrative histories and technical reports--stemming from Terman's role as director
of the Harvard Radio Research Laboratory. Utilizing documents generated or collected by Terman during his tenure in a succession
of offices at Stanford and within the national engineering community, the historian can trace the development of numerous
organizations in science and engineering, including the Institute of Radio Engineers, the Institute of Electrical and Electronics
Engineering, the President's Scientific Advisory Committee, the Institute for Defense Analysis, the Stanford Electronics and
Microwave Laboratories, and the School of Engineering at Stanford University. As a Stanford University administrator, most
notably as Provost of the University from 1955 until 1965 and consultant to the President of the University until 1975, Terman
formulated a philosophy of faculty selection and research funding based on the notion of "steeples of excellence." Example's
of Terman's application of this philosophy abound in his administrative files, preserved in this collection, so that the historian
will find here a laboratory in which to examine in unusual detail and intimacy how a broad range of academic disciplines were
supported in a particular institutional setting.
Terman's papers are a rich resource regarding the ideas and instruments of science and engineering. His own research, inventions,
teaching, and consulting activities are well documented. Yet, Terman's contemporaries and proteges best remember him as the
man with his finger in every pie and on every pulse; attention to detail, his astonishing memory, and ready access to voluminous
and well-managed files struck most Terman watchers as the keystones of his success as a judge of talent and recruiter. Terman's
carefully organized observations and reports on the careers and work of others amount to a running reportage on the progress
of research at Stanford and numerous other universities and industrial labs; the reports he prepared as scientific advisor
to the Television Shares Management Company between 1948 and 1978 provide a particularly noteworthy example of Terman in his
role as commentator on the technical achievements of his day.
As voluminous and complete as the Terman papers may be, additional sources are available to Terman biographers and historians
wishing to investigate his life and times. Foremost among these is a series of interviews with Terman conducted by Arthur
L. Norberg, Charles Susskind, and Roger Hahn, transcripts of which are housed at the Stanford University Archives and The
Bancroft Library of the University of California, Berkeley. Collections of the personal, scientific, and administrative papers
of scientists and engineers associated with Terman and with Stanford University, such as those of Felix Bloch, William W.
Hansen, David Locke Webster, and Leonard Schiff further illuminate many of the events and projects with which Terman was involved
and are housed in the Stanford University Archives, while the papers of Cyril F. Elwell, housed in the Department of Special
Collections of the Stanford University Libraries, provide additional background material concerning the early development
of the electronics industry in the San Francisco Bay Area.
Bibliographer for History of Science and Technology Collections, Stanford University Libraries
Sincere thanks are due to all whose efforts contributed to this project, especially to Dr. Frederick E. Terman, who made the
generous gift of this collection, and financial support for its processing. In addition, this project would not have been
possible without the work of former University Archivist Ralph Hansen, and the current Archivist Roxanne-Louise Nilan, who
were responsible for arranging the transfer of these papers, and overseeing the complicated logistics accompanying a collection
of this size.
Alumni Almanac (Stanford), May 1970.
"Herbert Hoover medal to Frederick Terman." American Men and Women of Science. 14th edition. New York : R. R. Bowker, 1980.
Blakeslee, Sandra. "Stanford to honor Fred Terman at Engineering Center October 6," Campus Report (Stanford), 5 October 1977.
Blum, Walter, "The Grand Vizier of the age of electronics: Terman of Stanford," San Francisco Examiner, 24 March 1963.
Buzan, John, "Terman to retire from his position as V.P. and Provost," Stanford Daily, 25 May 1965.
Bylinsky, Gene. "California's great breeding ground for industry," Fortune, June 1974.
Bylinsky, Gene. The Innovation Millionaires: how they succeed. New York : Charles Scribner's Sons, 1976.
"Hewletts, Packards main donors to Terman Engineering Center." Campus Report (Stanford), 18 April 1973.
Elder, Rob. "The man who discovered electronic gold at Stanford," San Jose Mercury-News, 2 October 1977.
Glover, Frederic O. "Dr. Terman's paper trail," Sandstone and Tile, Winter, 1979.
The International Who's Who. 43rd edition. London : Europa Publications, 1980.
Medeiros, Frank A. "The Sterling years at Stanford: a study in the dynamics of institutional change," Ph.D. dissertation,
Stanford University, 1979.
Moffat, Samuel. "Bridge to the future," The Stanford Magazine, Fall/Winter 1976.
Paine, Adelaide. "Dr. Frederick Emmons Terman: Vice President, Provost, Stanford University," The Microwave Journal, March
Rivers, William L. "Terman of Stanford," Stanford Today, Autumn 1965.
Rummell, Frances V.and Paine, Adelaide."He searches for 'steeples of talent," Reader's Digest, December 1962.
"Stanford Engineering School helps draw industry to the area." Palo Alto Times. 29 February 1956.
Rummell, Frances V.and Paine, Adelaide."Stanford's talent scout extraordinary."
Salzman, Ed. "One man sparks Peninsula electronics boom," Oakland Tribune, May 1961.
Seagoe, May V. Terman and the gifted. Los Altos, Calif. : William Kaufmann, 1975.
"Frederick Emmons Terman." Stanford Engineering News, July 1965.
Terman, Sibyl W. "Personality of the month: F. E. Terman," The Link (Stanford Electronics Laboratories), December 1955.
Wascher, Jim. "New engineering center planned," Stanford Daily, 18 April 1973.
Who's Who in America. 41st edition. Chicago : Marquis Publishers, 1980.
Subjects and Indexing Terms
Microelectronics industry -- History. -- United States
Microelectronics industry -- California -- Santa Clara County.
Engineering -- Societies, etc.
clippings (information artifacts)
Engineering -- Study and teaching.
Engineering -- History. -- United States
Science -- History.
Stanford University. Office of the Provost
California Institute of Technology.
Stanford University -- General subdivision--Administration.;
Stanford University. School of Engineering
Radio Research Laboratory (U.S.)
Terman, Frederick Emmons, 1900-1982
Terman, Frederick Emmons, 1900-1982
Wilbur, Ray L. (Ray Lyman)
Stanford University. Department of Electrical Engineering -- General subdivision--Faculty.;
Sterling, J. E. Wallace (John Ewart Wallace)