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The Hollywood Blacklist, 1947-2002
MSS 029  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Organizational History
  • Scope and Content
  • Related Material at the Southern California Library for Social Studies and Research

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: The Hollywood Blacklist,
    Date (inclusive): 1947-2002
    Collection number: MSS 029
    Creator: Southern California Library for Social Studies and Research
    Extent: 1 legal box

    1/3 linear foot
    Repository: Southern California Library for Social Studies and Research
    Los Angeles, CA 90044
    Abstract: The collection of clippings and pamphlets was brought together by library staff with items dating from 1947-2002 including materials documenting the 50th Anniversary in 1997, relating to the Hollywood Blacklist period 1947-1952. Newspaper and magazine articles of personal accounts, speeches, and obituaries provide the researcher with an overview of the events taking place and the individuals working in the American film industry who became victims of the Blacklist as a result of the Anti-Communist fervor of the Cold War Period in the United States, commonly referred to as the McCarthy era.
    Language: English.

    Administrative Information

    Provenance

    Library staff assembled articles, pamphlets and ephemera into a reference collection on the Hollywood Blacklist.

    Access

    The collection is available for research only at the Library's facility in Los Angeles. The Library is open from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m., Tuesday through Saturday. Researchers are encouraged to call or email the Library indicating the nature of their research query prior to making a visit.

    Publication Rights

    Copyright has not been assigned to the Southern California Library for Social Studies and Research. Researchers may make single copies of any portion of the collection, but publication from the collection will be allowed only with the express written permission of the Library's director. It is not necessary to obtain written permission to quote from a collection. When the Southern California Library for Social Studies and Research gives permission for publication, it is as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], The Hollywood Blacklist, Southern California Library for Social Studies and Research, Los Angeles, California.

    Organizational History

    In October 1947, the House of Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) launched the first in a series of hearings in Washington, D.C. to investigate communist influence in the motion picture industry. Writers, actors, directors, and other industry personalities were subpoenaed to appear before the Committee and commanded to "name names" to save themselves by betraying their colleagues. In April 1948, ten filmmakers, known as The Hollywood Ten, - producer/director Herbert Biberman, director Edward Dmytryk, producer/writer Adrian Scott and screenwriters Alvah Bessie, Lester Cole, Ring Lardner, Jr., John Howard Lawson, Albert Maltz, Samuel Ornitz, and Dalton Trumbo - were tried at the Federal court in Washington, D.C., convicted for contempt of Congress and given a maximum sentence of a year in jail and a fine of one thousand dollars. Those who defied HUAC were marked down on lists, known as the Hollywood Blacklist, which ruined their career for decades. Director Edward Dmytryk subsequently agreed to cooperate with the committee and was able to resume his career. He was the star witness in the committee's second round of investigations of Communist infiltration of Hollywood in 1951. In these hearings several other celebrities became "friendly witnesses" by confessing to past membership in the Communist Party and identifying colleagues and industry personalities and workers as past or present members of the Communist Party. As a result, more than three hundred working in the film industry were blacklisted by the industry's chief executives and the guilds and were able to find work only by going abroad or to Mexico and/or using pseudonyms. The blacklist tactic was employed not only in the entertainment industry but also affected hundreds of people in other lines of work, such as government employment, education, labor unions, and the private sector.

    Scope and Content

    The collection includes primary and secondary source materials, such as clippings and pamphlets. Of particular note are articles written by and about individuals gathered in Folder 3: Larry Adler (1975), Elia Kazan (1996), Millard Lampell (1966); Ring Lardner Jr (1961, and n.d.), Albert Maltz (1976), Dalton Trumbo (1993) and pamphlets, speeches, and articles in Folder 4 which include among others the following items: Gerhard Eisler: "My Side of the Story" (1947), John Howard Lawson and Dalton Trumbo vs. United States of America (1949), Wilson vs. Loew's: "The Case Against the Hollywood Blacklist" (1957), Herbert J. Biberman: "The Blacklist and Your Freedom" (1961), Dalton Trumbo: "The Time of the Toad" (n.d). Folder 5 contains the following obituaries: Arnaud d'Usseau (1990), Henry Blankfort (1993), Peter Brocco (1993), Philip Dunne (1992), Abraham Polonsky (memorial 1999). Folder 11 includes reviews on stage, film and radio productions: "Are You Now Or Have You Ever Been?" play by Eric Bentley (review of productions 1973, 1975, 1984), "Legacy of the Hollywood Blacklist" (Documentary, 1987), "The Waldorf Conference" (Radio 1993), "Blacklisted" (Radio, 1995).

    Related Material at the Southern California Library for Social Studies and Research

    Biographical Files
    Title: Ben Margolis/John McTernan Papers,
    Date: 1950s-1970s
    Physical Description: 54 cartons
    Pamphlet Collection
    Title: Clipping Collection: Blacklisted Teachers in Los Angeles,
    Date: 1967-1982
    Physical Description: 1 folder
    Title: Individual blacklisted teachers papers,
    Physical Description: 9 collections