Inventory of the Ralph H. Van Deman papers, 1833-1973

Finding aid prepared by Justyna Szulc
Hoover Institution Archives
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA, 94305-6010
(650) 723-3563
archives@hoover.stanford.edu
© 2014


Title: Ralph H. Van Deman papers
Date (inclusive): 1833-1973
Collection Number: 2003C91
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Material: English
Physical Description: 1 manuscript box, 1 oversized box (0.8 linear feet)
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Abstract: The papers of Ralph Henry Van Deman, a US military intelligence officer, consist of correspondence, special orders, memoranda, personal documents, and photographs relating to American military intelligence activities during World War I and to the establishment of the United States Army's Military Intelligence Division.
Creator: Van Deman, Ralph H., 1865-1952

Access

Collection is open for research.
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Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Ralph H. Van Deman papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 2003.

Accruals

Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Biographical Note

Ralph Henry Van Deman was born in 1865 in Delaware, Ohio. He received a bachelor's degree from Harvard University in 1888 and continued on to obtain a law degree. He was commissioned by the US Army as Second Lieutenant of Infantry and later enrolled in medical school at Ohio’s Miami University. His natural aptitude for military intelligence landed him a position at the Military Intelligence Division (MID) in 1897. He is credited with organizing the Philippine Military Intelligence Division in 1901.
In 1907, Van Deman was relocated to Washington D.C. where he became the chief of the map section of MID. When the United States entered World War I in 1917, Van Deman attempted to bring some structure to military intelligence after its merger with the War College, which was the result of a direct order from the chief of staff, General Franklin Bell. His involvement in the revival of MID led to Van Deman taking charge of the reformed division. As the war progressed, Van Deman found himself in France, where in 1919 he served as the Senior American Intelligence officer and the chief of Counterintelligence for the Paris Peace Commission.
Van Deman retired from his military career in 1929 with the rank of Major General. Many years after his retirement, in 1941, Van Deman was appointed as the intelligence advisor to the United States War Department. For this work and his efforts in World War II intelligence he received the Legion of Merit. Van Deman died in 1952. His extensive career earned him the title of the Father of American Military Intelligence.

Scope and Content of Collection

The Ralph Henry Van Deman papers are primarily composed of correspondence, special orders, memoranda, personal documents, and photographs relating to American military intelligence activities during World War I and to the establishment of the United States Army's Military Intelligence Division. The collection is arranged into four series: Biographical File, Correspondence, Office Files, and Printed Matter.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

United States. Army--Officers.
United States. Army. American Expeditionary Forces.
United States. War Dept. Military Intelligence Division.
Military intelligence--United States.
Secret service--United States.
World War, 1914-1918--Secret service.

 

Biographical File, 1833-1923

Scope and Contents

Comprised of materials of a personal nature, including photographs, a graphite on paper sketch of Van Deman, military history of Van Deman, and an 1833 copy of the poem “The Soldiers Return.”
Box/Folder 1 : 1

Military history of R. H. Van Deman, 1891-1923

Box/Folder 1 : 2

Photographs, circa 1919

Box/Folder 1 : 3

Photographs, circa 1900

Box/Folder 1 : 4

Sketch of Ralph Van Deman, circa 1920

Box/Folder 1 : 5

"The Soldiers Return," 1833

 

Correspondence, 1892-1973

Scope and Contents

Composed of personal and professional correspondence of Van Deman to and from his family and colleagues. Also includes postcards and telegrams.
Box/Folder 1 : 6

Letters by others, 1918

 

Letters home, 1918-1919

Box/Folder 1 : 7

June-July, 1918

Box/Folder 1 : 8

August-September, 1918

Box/Folder 1 : 9

October-December, 1918

Box/Folder 1 : 10

January-February, 1919

Box/Folder 1 : 11

March-April, 1919

Box/Folder 1 : 12

May-August, 1919

Box/Folder 1 : 13

Letters sent, 1892

Box/Folder 1 : 14

Letters sent, 1918

Box/Folder 1 : 15

Adams, Frank P., 1918

Box/Folder 1 : 16

Baker, G. W. Barr, 1918

Box/Folder 1 : 17

Baker, Newton D., 1927

Box/Folder 1 : 18

Brown, Charles M., 1918

Box/Folder 1 : 19

Churchill, M., 1918

Box/Folder 1 : 20

Davis, Dwight, 1927

Box/Folder 1 : 21

Eddy, A. J., 1927

Box/Folder 1 : 22

Exton, C. W., 1918

Box/Folder 1 : 23

Geary, John W. 1918

Box/Folder 1 : 24

General Alby, 1919

Box/Folder 1 : 25

General Nolan, 1918

Box/Folder 1 : 26

Gunn, D. D., 1918

Box/Folder 1 : 27

Hayes, Ralph A., 1918

Box/Folder 1 : 28

Johnson, Lyndon B., 1963

Box/Folder 1 : 29

Knabenshue, F. G., 1918

Box/Folder 1 : 30

Marquette, D. B., 1918

Box/Folder 1 : 31

McNamara, Robert S., 1963

Box/Folder 1 : 32

Moreno, A., 1918

Box/Folder 1 : 33

O'Brian, John Lord, 1918

Box/Folder 1 : 34

Pershing, John J., 1918

Box/Folder 1 : 35

Postcards, 1918

Box/Folder 1 : 36

Ralston, F. W., 1918

Box/Folder 1 : 37

Roosevelt, Theodore, 1917

Box/Folder 1 : 38

Solbert, O. N., 1918

Box/Folder 1 : 39

Stimson, Henry L., 1924

Box/Folder 1 : 40

Straus, Logan W., 1927

Box/Folder 1 : 41

Sullivan, Peter F. circa 1900

Box/Folder 1 : 42

Telegrams, 1918, 1927

Box/Folder 1 : 43

Turner, A. Campbell, 1918

Box/Folder 1 : 44

Unidentified, 1918

Box/Folder 1 : 45

Warburton, Barclay, 1918

Box/Folder 1 : 46

Weil, Robert G., 1973

Box/Folder 1 : 47

Wesson, Miley B., circa 1920

Box/Folder 1 : 48

Whitler, F. L., 1919

 

Office Files, 1892-1918

Scope and Contents

Composed of various office documents such as leave of absence documents, memoranda, notes, records, and military special order assignments.
Box/Folder 1 : 49

Leave of absence, 1892

Box/Folder 1 : 50

Memoranda, 1918

Box/Folder 1 : 51

Notes, undated

Box/Folder 1 : 52

Records, 1918

Box/Folder 1 : 53

Special orders, 1918

 

Printed Matter, 1918-1962

Scope and Contents

Materials in this section include awards, currency, identifications, invitations, programs, and a United States Army War College booklet.
Box/Folder 1 : 54

Awards, undated

Box/Folder 2: 1

Certificates, 1892-1926

Box/Folder 1 : 55

Currency, circa 1918

Box/Folder 2 : 2

Double-page spreads, 1929

Box/Folder 1 : 56

Identifications, 1918

Box/Folder 1 : 57

Invitations, circa 1920

Box/Folder 1 : 58

Programs, 1920, 1962

Box/Folder 1 : 59

United States Army War College, 1917