Register of the C. Frank Glass papers

Processed by Dale Reed.
Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford University
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Phone: (650) 723-3563
Fax: (650) 725-3445
Email: archives@hoover.stanford.edu
© 2010
Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Register of the C. Frank Glass papers

Hoover Institution Archives

Stanford University

Stanford, California
Processed by:
Dale Reed
Date Completed:
2010
Encoded by:
Machine-readable finding aid derived from Microsoft Word and MARC record by Samira Bozorgi.
© 2010 Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Collection Summary

Title: C. Frank Glass papers
Dates: 1913-1987
Collection Number: 2004C12
Creator: Glass, C. Frank (Cecil Frank), 1901-1988
Collection Size: 3 manuscript boxes (1.2 linear feet)
Repository: Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Abstract: Correspondence, writings, police reports, personal documents, printed matter, photographs, and postcards, relating to Trotskyism in South Africa, China and the United States. Includes many letters by Rayna Prohme, American revolutionary journalist in China and sister-in-law of Glass.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Languages: English

Administrative Information

Access

Collection is open for research.
Access to audiovisual materials requires at least two weeks advance notice. Audiovisual materials include sound recordings, video recordings, and motion picture film. Hoover staff will determine whether use copies of the materials requested can be made available. Some materials may not be accessible even with advance notice. Please contact the Hoover Institution Archives for further information.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], C. Frank Glass papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 2004.

Accruals

Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog Socrates at http://library.stanford.edu/webcat . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in Socrates is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Biographical/Historical Note

1901 Born, Birmingham, England
1909 Immigrated to South Africa
1921 Founding member, Communist Party of South Africa
1931 Relocated to China
1932-1933 Tass News Agency writer, Shanghai
1934-1935 Shanghai Evening Post and Mercury reporter
1935-1936 Shanghai Times reporter
1935-1937 Secretary, Communist League of China
1938-1941 China Weekly Review writer, Shanghai
1942 Relocated to the United States
1944-1963 National Committee member, Socialist Workers Party
1988 Died, Los Angeles, California

Scope and Content of Collection

Cecil Frank Glass was a radical journalist and revolutionary political activist on three continents. He was a founding member of the Communist Party of South Africa in 1921, and in 1928 became an early adherent of the International Left Opposition led by Leon Trotsky. After relocating to Shanghai, China, in 1931, he spent most of the next decade there, working as a journalist. Concurrently he was actively involved in rebuilding the Trotskyist movement in China, and was a member of the Central Committee of the Communist League of China. Glass was closely associated with radical American journalists in Shanghai, including Wilbur Burton and Harold Isaacs. There he also met the American Grace Simons (1901-1985). She was first married to Burton and afterwards to Glass. Grace's older sister Rayna Simons Prohme (1894-1927) had been a prominent figure among Western revolutionaries involved with the Left Guomindang, had edited the Peking People's Tribune and other journals, and had been an associate of Mikhail Borodin and Song Qingling (Madame Sun Yat-sen). Rayna accompanied Madame Sun to the Soviet Union following the failure of the 1927 revolution in China, and died suddenly in Moscow, evidently of a brain tumor.
After two trips to the United States and Mexico (where he conferred with Trotsky) during the 1930s, Glass relocated permanently to the United States during World War II. There, he was for years a leading member of the Socialist Workers Party, but eventually developed a more sympathetic view of the Maoist government of China than could easily be reconciled with an orthodox Trotskyist position.
In political work Glass made use of the pseudonyms Frank Graves, Li Fu-ren and John Liang. He is the subject of a biography by Baruch Hirson, The Restless Revolutionary: Frank Glass (London: Porcupine Press, 2003).
The C. Frank Glass papers in the Hoover Institution Archives were acquired from Susan Weissman in 2003. The collection is small. There are also Glass papers at Concordia College in Toronto, Ontario, but it seems likely that many other papers did not survive.
The collection is arranged in four series: Correspondence, Speeches and Writings, Subject File, and Audiovisual File. Of particular interest are many lengthy letters by Rayna Prohme, some written to her sister Grace, and some written to her second husband William Prohme and passed on to Grace when Prohme died in 1935. The collection also includes printed copies of political articles by Glass, and photocopies of surveillance reports on Glass and associates made by British, French and American police and consular authorities in Shanghai.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Fourth International.
Communism--South Africa.
Communism--China.
Communism--United States.
China--History--Republic, 1912-1949.
Americans--China.
Prohme, Rayna Simons, 1894-1927.


Collection Contents

Box: 1

Correspondence 1921-1987

Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically. Third-party letters are entered under name of writer.
Box/Folder: 1 : 1

Chang, Ke, 1987

Box/Folder: 1 : 2

De Wet, Madge (sister of Frank Glass), 1954-1987

Box/Folder: 1 : 3

Glass, Grace Simons (wife of Frank Glass), 1942

Box/Folder: 1 : 4

Grunfeld, A. Tom, 1984-1986

Box/Folder: 1 : 5

International Secretariat for the Fourth International, 1934-1936

Scope and Content Note

Compilation of transcriptions of letters and excerpts from letters by Glass and others
Box/Folder: 1 : 6

Isaacs, Harold R., 1985

Box/Folder: 1 : 7

Library of Social History, undated

Box/Folder: 1 : 8

Powell, John B., 1944

Box/Folder: 1

Prohme, Rayna

Scope and Content Note

Letters from Rayna Prohme to her sister Grace Simons and to her first and second husbands, Samson Raphaelson and William Prohme.
Box/Folder: 1 : 9

1921-1925 and undated

Box/Folder: 1 : 10

1927 (en route to and in Moscow)

Box/Folder: 1 : 11

Prohme, William (second husband of Rayna Prohme), 1927-1935 and undated

Scope and Content Note

Letters from Prohme to Grace Simons and her first husband Wilbur Burton, and to Helen Freeland and Vincent Sheean
Box/Folder: 1 : 12

Shanghai Times, 1936

Box/Folder: 1 : 13

Sheean, Vincent, 1927

Scope and Content Note

Letters from Sheean in Moscow to Helen Freeland and Samson Raphaelson re the death of Rayna Prohme
Box/Folder: 1 : 14

Sinclair, Louis, 1985-1987

Box/Folder: 1 : 15

Strong, Anna Louise, 1927

Scope and Content Note

Letters from Strong in Moscow to Samson Raphaelson and to the mother of Rayna Prohme re her death
Box/Folder: 1 : 16

Tass News Agency, 1932

Box/Folder: 1 : 17

United States. War Department, 1944

Box/Folder: 1 : 18

Wang, Fanxi, 1985-1987

Box: 1

Speeches and writings 1932-1962

Scope and Content Note

Speeches and writings by C. Frank Glass, arranged chronologically
Box/Folder: 1 : 19

"What I Saw in the Shanghai War," Johannesburg Sunday Times, 1932 May 22

Scope and Content Note

Written under the pseudonym A South African. Printed copy.
Box/Folder: 1 : 20

"The War Lords Go 'Left,'" New Masses, 1934 January 16

Scope and Content Note

Printed copy
Box/Folder: 1 : 21

"The End of the Chinese Soviets," New International, 1938 January

Scope and Content Note

Written under the pseudonym Li Fu-ren. Printed copy
Box/Folder: 1 : 22

"After the Fall of Wuhan," New International, 1939 January

Scope and Content Note

Written under the pseudonym Li Fu-ren. Printed copy
Box/Folder: 1 : 23

"Lessons and Perspectives of the Sino-Japanese War," Fourth International, 1941 February

Scope and Content Note

Written under the psuedonym Li Fu-ren. Printed copy
Box/Folder: 1 : 24

"Chen Tu-hsiu: Chinese Revolutionist," Fourth International, 1942 August

Scope and Content Note

Written under the pseudonym Li Fu-ren. Printed copy
Box/Folder: 1 : 25

"Japan Faces the Abyss," Fourth International, 1944 February-April

Scope and Content Note

Three-part series written under the pseudonym Li Fu-ren. Printed copy
Box/Folder: 1 : 26

"Leon Trotsky, Revolutionary Teacher of the Colonial Peoples," Fourth International, 1944 August

Box/Folder: 1 : 27

"Imperialist Program for the Orient," Fourth International, 1945 June

Scope and Content Note

Written under the pseudonym Li Fu-ren. Printed copy
Box/Folder: 1 : 28

"War Guilt in the Pacific: A Political Analysis of the Pearl Harbor Reports," Fourth International, 1945 October

Scope and Content Note

Written under the pseudonym Li Fu-ren. Printed copy
Box/Folder: 1 : 29

"China After World War II," Fourth International, 1946 July

Scope and Content Note

Written under the pseudonym Li Fu-ren. Printed copy
Box/Folder: 1 : 30

Vigilante Terror in Fontana: The Tragic Story of O'Day H. Short and His Family, 1946

Scope and Content Note

Pamphlet re black victims of racial attack in Fontana, California, published under the authorship of Myra Tanner Weiss, but ghostwritten for her by Glass. Printed copy
Box/Folder: 1 : 31

"The Kuomintang Faces Its Doom: Civil War in China," Fourth International, 1949 February

Scope and Content Note

Written under the pseudonym Li Fu-ren. Printed copy
Box/Folder: 1 : 32

"China: A World Power," Fourth International, 1951 January-February

Scope and Content Note

Written under the pseudonym Li Fu-ren. Printed copy
Box/Folder: 1 : 33

Our China Policy: An Open Letter to All the Members of the Socialist Workers Party, 1962 October 14

Scope and Content Note

Written under the psudonym John Liang. Typescript
Box/Folder: 1 : 34

Sykee, the Wonk, undated

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
Box: 2

Subject File 1913-1985

Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by topic
Box/Folder: 2

China

Box/Folder: 2 : 1

Shanghai French Concession police reports (photocopies) on Glass, Grace Simons Burton (later Glass), Alexander Buchman and others, 1935-1938

Scope and Content Note

Includes English translations
Box/Folder: 2 : 2

Shanghai Municipal Police Special Branch reports (photocopies) on Glass, Wilbur Burton, Harold Isaacs, William and Rayna Prohme, Richard Sorge and others, 1926-1933

Box/Folder: 2 : 3

United States Department of State reports (photocopies) on Glass, Wilbur Burton and others, 1933-1937

Box/Folder: 2 : 4

Clippings, 1927-1932

Box/Folder: 2 : 5

Miscellany. Calling cards, letter of recommendation, notes, and Chinese document, 1926-1936

Box/Folder: 2 : 6

Prohme, Rayna. Transcript of death certificate, "Rayna Simons Prohme: A Report on the Last Months of Her Life" by William Prohme (typescript), "Rayna: Letters from the Chinese Revolution" by Arthur J. Knodel (typescript), and clippings and other printed matter, 1913-1982

Box/Folder: 2 : 7

Raphaelson, Samson (first husband of Rayna Prohme). Printed memoir by Raphaelson, 1981

Box/Folder: 2 : 8

South Africa. Will of Gertrude Emily Glass (mother of Frank Glass), letters of recommendation, certificates and receipts, catalog of bookstore operated by Glass in Johannesburg, and printed matter, 1920-1930

Box/Folder: 2 : 9

United States. Immigration visa documents, union membership cards, clippings re Simons family, and death certificate of Grace Simons Glass, 1929-1985

Box/Folder: 2 : 10

Miscellany

Box: 3 : 10

Audiovisual File circa 1900s-1940s

Scope and Content Note

Photographs and postcards
Box/Folder: 3 : 1

Photographs of individuals. Those depicted include Glass, Grace Simons Glass, Rayna Prohme, Tillman Durdin, Randall Gould and Harold Isaacs

Box/Folder: 3 : 2

Photographs of Simons family members

Box/Folder: 3 : 3

Photographs of Wilbur Burton (first husband of Grace Simons)

Box/Folder: 3 : 4

Postcards of scenes in South Africa

Box/Folder: 3 : 5

Photographs of scenes in China

Box/Folder: 3 : 6

Negatives

Box/Folder: 3 : 7

Photocopies of printed reproductions of photographs. Those depicted include Glass, Grace Simons Glass, Rayna Prohme, Wilbur Burton and John Reed

Box/Folder: 3 : 8

Glass plate of scene in China