Scope and Content of Collection
Title: Austria (Territory under Allied Occupation, 1945-1955) Records, 1946-1952
Collection Number: 80199
Creator: Austria (Territory under Allied Occupation, 1945-1955)
8 manuscript boxes
(3.0 linear feet)
Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Abstract: The records relate to civilian relief efforts, economic conditions, housing, and denazification in Austria after World War
II, including minutes, reports, memoranda, statistics, laws, and bulletins.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Collection is open for research.
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to
copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives
at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see
or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.
For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.
[Identification of item], Austria (Territory under Allied Occupation, 1945-1955) Records, 1946-1952, [Box number], Hoover
Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1980.
Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find
the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at
. Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number
of boxes listed in this finding aid.
Germany (Territory under Allied occupation, 1945-1955) Records, Hoover Institution Archives
In 1938 the First Austrian Republic became part of Nazi Germany through an enforced annexation, the Anschluss. The Moscow
Declaration of 1943 declared the Anschluss null and void restoring an independent Austrian state, one of aims of the Allies.
Karl Renner formed a Provisional Government in late April 1945 and separated Austria from Germany by declaration. Following
the end of hostilities, the provisional government was quickly recognized.
However, like Germany, Austria was divided into four zones by the Allies: American, British, French and Soviet. Vienna, being
the capital, was similarly divided, though at its center was an International Zone which alternated sovereignty between the
Four Powers at regular intervals. The European Advisory Commission agreed that Allied control in Austria should consist of
an Allied Council, an Executive Committee, and staffs appointed by the four governments concerned.
Known as the Allied Commission for Austria, the purpose, as laid down by the European Advisory Commission, included the separation
of Austria from Germany, the establishment of a central Austrian administration, preparation for the establishment of a freely
elected Austrian Government, and facilitation of the administration of Austria. The commission for Austria was dismantled
following the conclusion of the Austrian State Treaty on May 15, 1955.
Scope and Content of Collection
The records relate to civilian relief efforts, economic conditions, housing, denazification, democratization, demilitarization,
and reparation for Austria after World War II and in Austria after World War II, including minutes, reports, memoranda, statistics,
laws, and bulletins.
The collection represents materials documenting the efforts of economic rehabilitation of Austria under Allied Commission
for Austria in 1946-1952 and contains documentation of the Office of Allied Council (ALCO) and Executive Committee (EXCO).
Materials also include documentation of the Military Government of Austria, the Headquarters United States Forces for Austria,
and the United States High Commissioner U.S. Element Allied Commission for Austria.
The records are arranged as originally received from the organization; generally by Office of the Allied Administration of
The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Austria-History--Allied occupation, 1945-1955.